‘I won’t take part!’ : Exploring the multiple identities of the ethnographer in two Ghanaian hospitals
Aberese-Ako, Matilda - \ 2017
Ethnography 18 (2017)3. - ISSN 1466-1381 - p. 300 - 321.
distrust - hospital ethnography - insider - multiple identities - outsider - power - trust - worker motivation
This article reflects on how an ethnographer’s approach to field entry, the topic of study, her use of ethnographic methods and contextual factors shaped research participants’ perception of her multiple identities in a Ghanaian hospital environment. Her perceived multiple identities influenced trust and distrust relations between her and her research participants, which impacted on the research project. The article discusses the paradox of the researcher’s negotiation of her multiple identities of ‘insider’ and ‘outsider’ and its influence on the process of data collection, understanding and analysis of the study topic. The article argues that research projects give birth to the ethnographer. Obviously, the observations of the ethnographer, who is the main research instrument, of her own position, are an important source for data collection. Participation and positioning in organizational activities can provide the ethnographer with a personal experience of her study topic and data that enhances understanding of organizational processes.
The pivot points in planning: How the use of contracts influences trust dynamics and vice versa
Vries, J.R. de; Beunen, R. ; Aarts, N. ; Lokhorst, A.M. ; Ark, R. van - \ 2014
Planning Theory 13 (2014)3. - ISSN 1473-0952 - p. 304 - 323.
relational governance - policy - expectations - cooperation - management - alliances - distrust - networks - strategy - systems
To organize new governance arrangements and to restore trust in spatial planning, contracts are often seen as vital policy instruments. The relations between contracts and trust are regularly studied from various perspectives. In this article, we add to the existing knowledge by exploring a dynamic perspective on the use of contracts over time and the influence thereof on trust dynamics. We conclude that, longitudinally, the use of contracts can play a pivotal role in trust dynamics by influencing the construction of, and actors’ perspective on, the common history of the parties involved and their future expectations in close relation to the changing context. This perspective might help planners to deal with the inevitable dynamics of planning processes and trust.
Trust and hidden conflict in participatory natural resources management: The case of the Pendjari national park (PNP) in Benin
Idrissou Aboubacary, L. ; Paassen, A. van; Aarts, N. ; Vodouhè, S. ; Leeuwis, C. - \ 2013
Forest Policy and Economics 27 (2013). - ISSN 1389-9341 - p. 65 - 74.
critical discourse analysis - organizational trust - integrative model - distrust - realities - future
This paper investigated how and why the issue of trust building between the park direction and the local communities gave way to a hidden conflict in the participatory management of the Pendjari national park (PNP) in Benin, and how it was managed. The findings revealed that calculus-based trust was built at the beginning of the process and enabled an improved relationship and collaboration between the park direction and local communities, and a subsequent raise of wildlife in the park. However, dysfunctional use of the trust built led to the emergence of distrust, which evolved into conflict. This conflict was hidden by the illusion of peaceful relationships between the stakeholders as pursued in common meetings. It was noticeable only through accusations on each other, including the shift of responsibility for solving the conflict when discussing the management separately with the different stakeholders. We conclude that (dis)trust should not be looked as a static/cognitive state, but as a dynamic frame that may be strategically used in interaction.
Consumer confidence in the safety of food in Canada and the Netherlands: The validation of a generic framework
Jonge, J. de; Trijp, J.C.M. van; Goddard, E. ; Frewer, L.J. - \ 2008
Food Quality and Preference 19 (2008)5. - ISSN 0950-3293 - p. 439 - 451.
mad-cow-disease - confirmatory factor-analysis - state worry questionnaire - social amplification - risk-management - trust - constructs - distrust - hazards - choice
A thorough understanding of consumer confidence in the safety of food and the factors by which this is influenced is necessary for the development of adequate and effective risk management and communication regarding food safety issues. As food chains become globalized, risk management and communication are increasingly applied at international levels. As a consequence, cross-culturally valid theoretical models are needed to investigate consumer confidence in the safety of food. In this study, consumer confidence in the safety of food in Canada and the Netherlands was systematically compared. On the basis of two nationally representative samples, it was examined to what extent differences in consumer confidence between the two countries resulted from differences in the relative importance of the determinants of confidence, and differences in the means of the constructs. No differences between Canada and the Netherlands were found regarding the relative importance of the determinants, which provides support for the generalizability of the framework. However, results indicated that Dutch consumers had a higher level of optimism and a lower level of pessimism regarding the safety of food, which appeared to be mainly related to Dutch consumers¿ lower level of concern about factors related to production. The results also indicated cross-national differences in consumer recall of food safety issues in the media. Keywords: Food safety; Confidence; Trust; Risk management; Risk communication; Risk perception