From production-oriented farming towards multifunctional entrepreneurship : exploring the underlying learning process
Seuneke, P.L.M. - \ 2014
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Han Wiskerke, co-promotor(en): Thomas Lans. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789461739131 - 207
landbouw bedrijven - ondernemerschap - landbouwproductie - ecotoerisme - multifunctionele landbouw - agrarisch onderwijs - farming - entrepreneurship - agricultural production - ecotourism - multifunctional agriculture - agricultural education
This thesis unravels the learning process underlying the switch from conventional production-oriented farming towards ‘multifunctional entrepreneurship’. In other words: the process by which former production-oriented farmers (men, women and their families) re-invent themselves as ‘multifunctional entrepreneurs’ and gain the necessary knowledge, skills and networks to re-develop their existing farm as a multifunctional one with the integration of new non-farming activities such as agro-tourism, nature and landscape management, processing and selling of farm products, professional (child)care and on-farm education. Apart from its contribution to theory with regard to the development of multifunctionality and multifunctional entrepreneurship, this thesis ultimately supports practitioners (such as teachers, trainers, advisers) in fostering this, for today’s and tomorrow’s agriculture and rural areas, valuable form of agricultural entrepreneurship.
Boersma, M. ; Duim, V.R. van der - \ 2013
Experiment NL 2013 (2013)november. - p. 58 - 61.
ecotoerisme - landgebruik - toerisme - natuurbescherming - kenya - ecotourism - land use - tourism - nature conservation
Kan toerisme in Kenia samengaan met natuurbescherming? En pikt de lokale bevolking dan een graantje mee van de komst van westerse natuurliefhebbers? Drie wetenschappers onderzochten de plussen en minnen van ecotoerisme.
Evaluating land use options at the wildlife/livestock interface: an integrated spatial land use analysis
Chaminuka, P. - \ 2012
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Ekko van Ierland; Akke van der Zijpp; C.M.E. Mccrindle, co-promotor(en): Rolf Groeneveld. - S.l. : s.n. - ISBN 9789461731333 - 258
wild - vee - rundvee - landgebruik - plattelandsgemeenschappen - ecotoerisme - middelen van bestaan - wildlife - livestock - cattle - land use - rural communities - ecotourism - livelihoods
In Africa, rural development and biodiversity conservation, are both important, but sometimes potentially conflicting priorities. Most rural areas adjacent to wildlife protected areas in Southern Africa have high biodiversity potential, but are characterised by high poverty, unemployment, and limited economic activity. The problems in these rural areas are further compounded by problems of crop destruction, and livestock depredation by wildlife. Transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs), recently introduced in Southern Africa, have potential to address both biodiversity and poverty alleviation through promotion of multiple land uses such as wildlife ranching, tourism, livestock and crop production. It is however, not clear how these land uses can be combined, and what the associated socio-economic costs and benefits of alternative land use options in these areas are. This study proposed a spatial land use model for evaluating alternative land uses and development pathways in these rural areas. The model maximised net revenues from the land, assuming the presence of a social planner. The model proposed, considered a range of socio-economic and biophysical factors, identified jointly with rural communities. The study comprised five empirical chapters in which the following issues are addressed; (i) socioeconomic risks associated with agriculture at the interface, and community attitudes towards wildlife tourism land uses (ii) contribution of existing livelihood strategies to household incomes, (iii) potential for tourism development and (iv) trade-offs in net revenues between different options for land use. The case study areas was Mhinga, one of the rural areas within the Great Limpopo TFCA in South Africa. The study area is situated on the north-western border of Kruger National Park (KNP), next to the Punda Maria park gate. Results showed that the costs by wildlife related damage such as livestock depredation and diseases, were higher than the benefits in employment and subsidies from the park for households. As a consequence attitudes towards wildlife by farmers were generally negative. There was also no mechanism to compensate households incurring wildlife damage. Households living closer to the park had more problems with wildlife damage. When the contribution of different livelihood activities to household incomes were considered, the study found that the main sources of income were the government welfare grants, formal employment and cattle farming. Cattle farmers were not in support of introducing wildlife based land use activities as they considered them to impose costs on other livelihood activities. Some community members were however of the opinion that introducing wildlife tourism could create employment and improve household incomes, especially for those households not engaged in cattle farming. When preferences of tourists, towards supporting forms of ecotourism outside the KNP were analysed, through a choice experiment approach, the study found that tourists were interested in village tours and crafts markets, but generally reluctant to use accommodation facilities outside the park. Analysis of options for land based development at the interface showed that existing land use practices were not optimal. The model results indicate that, by introducing irrigation, tourism and wildlife land uses, net revenues from land could be doubled in the future. It is concluded that, given the socioeconomic and bio-physical constraints characteristic to the area, most income can be obtained by combining all four land uses in the area in optimal proportions. Factors such as property rights, and benefits distribution which could impact the ability of rural communities in the TFCA to support, utilize and benefit from wildlife resources need to be addressed before any land use changes are implemented.
|Tourism, nature conservation and wealth creation in Africa. Thematic proceedings of Atlas Africa Conferences Volume 4 (Kampala, Uganda, 27-29 October 2007)
Duim, V.R. van der; Kloek, M.E. - \ 2008
Arhnem : ATLAS - ISBN 9789075775365 - 74
toerisme - natuurbescherming - armoede - afrika - ecotoerisme - plattelandsgemeenschappen - tourism - nature conservation - poverty - africa - ecotourism - rural communities
|Thematic proceedings of Atlas Africa Conferences. Volume 1: Tourism and nature in Africa
Kloek, M.E. ; Duim, V.R. van der - \ 2007
Arnhem : Association for Tourism and Leisure Education - ISBN 9789075775266 - 116
ontwikkeling van toerisme - ecotoerisme - landgebruiksplanning - natuurbescherming - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - afrika - tourism development - ecotourism - land use planning - nature conservation - sustainability - africa
|Aspects of Tourism in Kenya. Thematic proceedings of Atlas Africa Conferences. Volume 3
Kloek, M.E. ; Duim, V.R. van der - \ 2007
Arnhem : ATLAS - ISBN 9789075775297 - 118
cultureel toerisme - natuurtoerisme - plattelandstoerisme - ontwikkeling van toerisme - impact van toerisme - toerismebeleid - toeristenindustrie - ecotoerisme - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - kenya - cultural tourism - nature tourism - rural tourism - tourism development - tourism impact - tourism policy - tourist industry - ecotourism - sustainability - kenya
|Pristine wilderness of the Taimyr peninsula; 2005 report
Ebbinge, B.S. ; Mazurov, Y.L. - \ 2006
Moscow (Russia) : Heritage Institute - ISBN 9785864431382 - 180
wildernis - vogels - ganzen - laridae - zoogdieren - landschap - vegetatie - fauna - watervogels - ecotoerisme - lemmingen - siberië - vogeltrek - expedities - wilderness - birds - geese - laridae - mammals - landscape - vegetation - fauna - waterfowl - ecotourism - lemmings - siberia - bird migration - expeditions
|Pristine wilderness of the Taimyr peninsula; 2004 report
Ebbinge, B.S. ; Mazurov, Y.L. - \ 2005
Moscow (Russia) : Heritage Institute - ISBN 9785864431177 - 105
wildernis - toendra - natuurreservaten - ecosystemen - ecologie - vogels - ecotoerisme - siberië - expedities - natuur - wilderness - tundra - nature reserves - ecosystems - ecology - birds - ecotourism - siberia - expeditions - nature
|How much is too much? The development of a user friendly zoning instrument to support nature managers in balancing biodiversity and visitor impacts
Visschedijk, P.A.M. ; Jochem, R. - \ 2002
In: Collaboration and partnership in forestry; Division 6 IUFRO meeting, Valdivia - Chile 2002, November 11-17 2002; proceedings. Santiago (Chile), s.n., 2002 / Barros, S., - p. 364 - 364.
biodiversiteit - ecotoerisme - natuurbeheer - recreatie - ruimtelijke ordening