Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Behind the veil of agricultural modernization : gendered dynamics of rural change in the Saïss, Morocco
    Bossenbroek, L. - \ 2016
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Jandouwe van der Ploeg; Margreet Zwarteveen. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462578982 - 171
    agricultural development - modernization - gender relations - women - social change - rural areas - family farms - morocco - north africa - landbouwontwikkeling - modernisering - man-vrouwrelaties - vrouwen - sociale verandering - platteland - familiebedrijven, landbouw - marokko - noord-afrika

    The Moroccan countryside is marked by rapidly changing rural realities. The Moroccan government frames and promotes these changes as linear development towards modernity and progress for all thereby only focusing on the experiences of some audacious men – ‘entrepreneurs’ and ‘modernizing farmers’. The aim of the study is to unveil Morocco’s agricultural modernization plan by illustrating how agrarian processes in the agricultural plain of the Saïss are not a logical, self-evident or smooth transition to a higher stage of development or modernity. They are a form of globalizing capitalist development which is messy and contradictory, and which is marked by, and re-produces existing gender social hierarchies. By putting the experiences that often “fall away” from agrarian analysis at the heart of my study I am to explore how gender and social differences come to matter in process of agrarian change and are intimately linked.

    Exploring opportunities for on-farm innovations in smallholder dairy systems of Michoacán, Mexico
    Cortez Arriola, J. - \ 2016
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Pablo Tittonell, co-promotor(en): Walter Rossing; R.D. Améndola Massiotti; Jeroen Groot. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462577473 - 162
    dairy farming systems - dairy farming - innovations - small farms - family farms - mexico - melkveehouderijsystemen - melkveehouderij - innovaties - kleine landbouwbedrijven - familiebedrijven, landbouw - mexico

    Taking into consideration the population growth, farmers are challenged to produce enough to feed the population. To increase productivity, normally small dairy farmers intensify their production systems by increasing livestock density and inputs, but inadequate management results in economic, technical, and environmental inefficiencies. This work aims to support decision making by farmers and technicians, and to provide information that can aid local governments to establish policies that are effective at improving farmers’ livelihoods. To achieve this, and intensive field work was implemented in Marcos Castellanos, Michoacán, Mexico, to gather the information needed to analyze the dairy farming systems of the region. The exploration analysis showed that simple re-arrangement of existing farm resources may considerably improve current dairy farm performance across family-based on semi-specialized farm types. To actually implement these changes requires breaking away from current mainstream thinking about farming methods and considerable farming skills.

    Co-creation in the practice, science and movement of agroecology
    Milgroom, J. ; Bruil, Janneke ; Leeuwis, C. - \ 2016
    Farming Matters 32 (2016)1. - ISSN 2210-6499 - p. 6 - 9.
    agroecosystems - sustainability - family farms - farmers' knowledge - knowledge transfer - agricultural production systems - food production - lifelong learning - agro-ecosystemen - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - familiebedrijven, landbouw - kennis van boeren - kennisoverdracht - agrarische productiesystemen - voedselproductie - levenslang leren
    Knowledge building is central to agroecology rooted in family farming. But why?
    What type of knowledge, and whose knowledge is mobilised? This issue of
    Farming Matters explores what we really mean by co-creation of knowledge in
    agroecology, why it is so essential for today’s challenges, and how it takes place
    around the world.
    Duurzaamheid, communicatie en veiligheid : verslag van de landelijke bijeenkomst 'Kenniskringen Visserij en duurzaamheid'
    Zaalmink, W. ; Smith, S.R. ; Steenbergen, J. ; Trapman, B.K. ; Valk, O.M.C. van der - \ 2015
    LEI Wageningen UR (Rapport / LEI Wageningen UR 2015-160) - 25
    visserij - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - biobrandstoffen - communicatie - familiebedrijven, landbouw - veiligheid - coöperaties - nederland - fisheries - sustainability - biofuels - communication - family farms - safety - cooperatives - netherlands
    Op 6 juni 2015 vond op Fort IJmuiden een landelijke bijeenkomst plaats van het project Kenniskringen Visserij. Het doel van deze dag was te komen tot een uitwisseling van kennisvragen over verschillende visserij gerelateerde thema’s. Het programma bestond uit een plenaire bijeenkomst en uit een aantal zogenoemde cafébijeenkomsten. Bij elke cafébijeenkomst was een relevante expert aanwezig, die de bijeenkomst inleidde. Hierna konden de aanwezigen vragen aan de expert en aan elkaar stellen. Dit verslag is een samenvatting van de uitspraken die door de deelnemers en experts op deze dag gedaan zijn rond de thema’s: 1. Duurzaamheid en de visser als onderzoeker (expert: Bas Haring, volksfilosoof) 2. Communicatie (expert: Marissa Tanis, GoMaris) 3. Fuel of the future (expert: Dirk Kronemeijer) 4. Veiligheid aan boord (expert: Cor Blonk) 5. Coöperaties (expert: Thomas Højrup)
    African rice (Oryza glaberrima) cultivation in the Togo Hills: ecological and socio-cultural cues in farmer seed selection and development
    Teeken, B.W.E. - \ 2015
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Paul Richards; Paul Struik, co-promotor(en): Harro Maat; Edwin Nuijten. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462574359 - 306
    oryza glaberrima - rijst - familiebedrijven, landbouw - veredelde rassen - sociale gebruiken - voedselzekerheid - afrika - oryza glaberrima - rice - family farms - improved varieties - social customs - food security - africa

    Abstract

    Teeken B (2015). African rice (Oryza glaberrima) cultivation in the Togo Hills: ecological and socio-cultural cues in farmer seed selection and development. PhD thesis, Wageningen University, The Netherlands, 306 pp.

    The low adoption rates of modern technologies in West Africa, such as improved rice varieties, suggest a gap between the motivations of farmers and development agencies. Many smallholder rice farmers in West Africa continue to rely on farmer varieties, farmer saved seeds and farmer seed system innovations. A better understanding of local farming practices and how they relate to farmer communities and their culture, as well as to the landscapes and climate within which the crop is grown might result in more successful initiatives to strengthen rice cultivation and improve food security and the livelihood of the many small scale rice growers in West Africa. As African rice has never been improved scientifically or commercially it is an important entry point to study farmers’ variety selection and development. By studying farmer variety selection and development related to African rice within the Togo Hills in Ghana and Togo, a region that is ecologically as well as political-economically  and culturally diverse, the research presented in this thesis tries to unravel the interactions between genetics, ecology and society (G × E × S).

    Results show that in the Ghanaian Togo Hills cultural factors set additional and rice diversity enhancing criteria for selection, while in Togo selection criteria are mostly pragmatically agronomic and ecological factors dominate. This can be understood by the higher necessity in Ghana to construct identity and autonomy within the larger and more dynamic economic and political powers of competition and individualization. Here African rice has become a tool to shape such identity. Despite the ecological, cultural and political-economic differences within the Togo Hills, farmers in all the case studies selected a set of different varieties used for different purposes rather than a uniform type. This can be seen as a continuation of their earlier dynamic history in which the maintenance of diversity was part of a risk spreading strategy facilitating emergent innovations that suited such dynamics. Other examples from West Africa also show the different combinations of social and natural factors within the maintenance of rice diversity. Importantly farmers in West Africa have developed varieties that are robust and versatile: able to perform in very different ecologies and societal settings. African rice was found to be particularly robust.

    This research therefore shows the importance of the “genealogies” between the genetic, the ecological and the social within variety development and food security issues. Therefore, it is the task of science to take an evolutionary perspective. These genealogies and their products should be made visible and need juxtaposition to formal scientific breeding strategies, strategies to tackle food security and agricultural and societal development issues in general. This indicates that there is a systemic alternative to a top-down Green Revolution in Africa. Trajectories of interaction between the social and the natural have produced a large variety of versatile resources and are crucial within tackling development issues in areas where such trajectories took place: there where farmer conditions are dynamic and suboptimal. Instead of anthropologically mapping local cultural preferences (these can change quickly over time and can vary over small distances) it is much more fruitful to emanate from and also disseminate the varieties farmers have already developed themselves.

     

     

    Management of rice seed during insurgency : a case study in Sierra Leone
    Mokuwa, G.A. - \ 2015
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Paul Struik, co-promotor(en): Edwin Nuijten. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462574328 - 267
    oryza glaberrima - oryza sativa - hybride rassen - genetische bronnen van plantensoorten - zaden - voedselzekerheid - familiebedrijven, landbouw - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - west-afrika - sierra leone - oryza glaberrima - oryza sativa - hybrid varieties - plant genetic resources - seeds - food security - family farms - farm management - west africa - sierra leone

    Keywords: Technography, Oryza glaberrima, Oryza sativa, farmer hybrids, sub-optimal agriculture, farmer adaptive management, plant genetic resources, peace and extreme (wartime) conditions, local seed channels, selection for robustness, Sierra Leone, West Africa.

    Abstract

    Mokuwa, G. A. (2015) Management of rice seed during insurgency: a case study in Sierra Leone. PhD Thesis, Wageningen University, 267 pp.

    In large parts of West Africa small scale farmers rely upon the cultivation of upland rice under low input conditions in a great diversity of micro-environments. It has been suggested that formal research should consider the context within which farmers address their food security issues. But these contexts need further clarification for poor and marginalized farm households facing many challenges, including dislocations associated with political and social unrest, and civil war. The research presented in this thesis builds on earlier findings concerning farmer management of rice genetic resources under farmer low-resource conditions. It starts with a regional focus, drawing on methods from the social and biological sciences, concerning the human, environmental and technical factors shaping the character and composition of rice varieties grown by small-scale farmers in coastal West Africa (seven countries from Senegal to Togo) and then focuses on specific in-depth field studies undertaken in Sierra Leone.

    Findings show that farmer rice genetic resources were persistently and enduringly adapted to local agro-ecologies via strong selection processes and local adaptation strategies, and that these adaptive processes were largely unaffected by the temporary contingencies of civil war. It is also shown that even under extreme (war-time) conditions success indicators in farmers’ local seed channels remain robust. Farmers continue to select and adapt their seed types to local contingencies, and war served as yet one more stimulus to further adaptation. This persistent human selective activity continues to make a significant contribution to the food security of poor and marginalized farm households in the region.

    The major finding of this thesis is that selection for robustness among varieties of the local staple, rice, helped to protect Sierra Leonean farmers against some of the worst effects of war-induced food insecurity. In this sense, therefore, war may have served to strengthen and prolong farmer preferences for robustness, but it was not the cause of this preference. The marked diversity farmers maintain in their rice varieties is understood to be part of a longer-term risk-spreading strategy that also facilitates successful and often serendipitous variety innovations. In a world facing major climatic changes this local capacity for seed selection and innovation ought to be a valued resource for technological change. The present study provides a starting point for thinking about the improved effectiveness of institutional innovation strategies for farmer participatory innovation activities.

    Agrarische jongeren: ambitieus en veelzijdig
    Meulen, H.A.B. van der; Matser, I. ; Remery, Ch. ; Terluin, I.J. ; Bouma, J. - \ 2015
    Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (LEI report 2015-054) - 45
    agrarische bedrijfsvoering - bedrijfsopvolging in de landbouw - jongvolwassenen - landbouwbedrijven - nevenactiviteiten - familiebedrijven, landbouw - farm management - farm succession - young adults - farms - ancillary enterprises - family farms
    In deze studie wordt de positie van jongeren op agrarische bedrijven in Nederland belicht. Naast werk op het agrarische bedrijf heeft ruim 40% van de agrarische jongeren werk buiten het bedrijf. De jongeren zijn hoog opgeleid en vaak bestuurlijk actief. Het merendeel wil het agrarische bedrijf overnemen of heeft dat al gedaan. Binnen het gezin verloopt de communicatie over de bedrijfsovername niet altijd vlekkeloos.
    Family farming futures : agrarian pathways to multifunctionality: flows of resistance, redesign and resilience
    Oostindië, H.A. - \ 2015
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Jandouwe van der Ploeg. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462572294 - 204
    familiebedrijven, landbouw - multifunctionele landbouw - landbouw bedrijven - rurale sociologie - landbouwontwikkeling - natuurbeleid - nederland - europa - family farms - multifunctional agriculture - farming - rural sociology - agricultural development - nature conservation policy - netherlands - europe

    Summary

    During my more than two decades of research experiences as a rural sociologist, the multifunctionality of agricultural activity was a subject of major interest, although under different denominators. In this thesis I theorize and present agriculture’s multifunctionality as characterized, shaped and propelled by flows of resistance, redesign, and resilience.

    This central thesis starts with an introduction to the key notions resistance, redesign and resilience. I associate the meaning and significance of resistance, especially, with a long standing tradition of farmers’ resistance to the negative externalities that accompany modernisation, commoditisation and globalisation processes and broader socio-cultural resistance against loss of rurality. Together these underpin how resistance continues to be a crucial component in agricultural and rural development through 1) its more or less overt and covert expressions; 2) its material as well as symbolic representations; and 3) its conservative as well as transformative power.

    This relevance of resistance appears more specifically in Chapters 2 to 6. The emergence, definition and interpretations of the multifunctionality concept in the Dutch agri-expert system shows how societal resistance against the negative externalities of the agricultural modernisation model went along with a renewed attention for agriculture’s multifunctionality, although more or less broadly defined and more or less widely accepted.

    The role of resistance shows up next as part of the wider driving forces that underlie the multifunctionality of farming practices. In addition to the persistence of farm-development trajectories based on pluriactivity and diversification, this will be particularly associated among Dutch professional farm-enterprises engaged in new rural development activities with the desire to ‘farm differently’ i.e., different from the logics of the agricultural modernisation model in the sense of enabling more direct contact with consumers, citizens, other rural dwellers, etc. The distinction and characterization of different farm-development trajectories in the overall analysis further confirms that multifunctional pathways remain closely interwoven with different expressions of resistance within family-based farming.

    In the analysis of European agri-environmental governance resistance will be specifically related to dissatisfaction and discontent that addresses hierarchical relations and its consequences in terms of prevailing institutional ‘voids’ in multi-level governance settings. The latter notion refers to the absence of transparency and agreement on institutional conditions and rules in multi-level governance settings. As such the analysis concentrates especially on resistance that emerges at the interfaces between different policy levels and between policy and practice.

    The relevance of resistance appears in the analysis of ‘nested’ rural markets in Europe as opposition against hegemonic food market relations. It addresses different types of the negative consequences of dominant food market relations such as the loss of distinctiveness at farm and territorial level, of trust in food, of influence within globalizing chains, of income opportunities for farmers, of food justice, etc.

    Chapter 6 stresses that resistance manifests itself spatially in specific ways by introducing the rural web as an instrument to analyse rural differentiation processes. As a multi-dimensional analytical tool it addresses resistance especially through the distinction of the domains endogeneity, social capital and sustainability. Overall, the rural framework enables us as such to focus on the spatial interlinkages and interaction patterns between different manifestations of farmer-led and broader social-cultural resistance against marginalisation tendencies and loss of rural distinctiveness.

    Next to resistance, redesign is thought to be a second key notion that characterizes and propels multifunctional agricultural pathways. Theoretically it makes it possible to underline that these are also closely interwoven with transition processes around a fundamental re-positioning of the role of agriculture in rural development processes and, as such, are part of new ways of social ordering. The further conceptualization of redesign as combined processes of dis-embedding and re-embedding stresses the multi-facetted nature and complexity of involved redesign processes.

    Again, the significance and meaning of redesign will appear in different ways in Chapters 2 to 6, in the first place as an issue that divides the Dutch agri-expert system. The analysis around the national emergence of the multifunctionality concept reveals how, particularly, the rural development model associates agriculture’s multifunctionality with a fundamental re-positioning of agriculture’s role in rural development and, thus, manifold redesign challenges. In other, narrower definitions of multifunctionality redesign is limited much more to debates about the pros and cons of interventions in market relations and land property rights. Overall, contrasting ideas within the Dutch agri-expert system about the necessity of and opportunity for redesign reflect a transition context where the societal benefits of multifunctional agricultural pathways remain strongly the subject of debate.

    In this Dutch setting redesign, in line with the rural development model, manifests itself as already more promising at the micro-level. Next to more historically rooted expressions of multifunctional pathways, Dutch professional farm enterprises increasingly succeed in building new relations with consumers, in creating new interlinkages with other rural sectors, in developing new professional identities and in constructing new rural business models. Analytically, these different expressions of farm-level redesign reflect a strong capacity to re-vitalise family farming and to re-define farm boundaries. The distinction between different farm-level pathways shows how these redesign capacities are more or less prominently present and may be expressed at different paces.

    In the analysis of European agri-environmental governance, redesign emerges as a subject of growing institutional attention and openness to new, more market-led approaches, new forms of self-organisation and self-regulation, new forms of public-private cooperation and new accountability arrangements. Thus, redesign centres on a re-distribution of responsibilities between public, private and civil actors and novel responses to the rigidity and limitations of hierarchical relations, as well as the manifold institutional voids, in increasingly complex and barely transparent multi-level governance settings.

    The analysis around emerging ‘nested’ rural markets in Europe goes more into detail as to how market relations are actively redesigned. It emphasizes the significance of new roles for and relation between food producers and food consumers, building upon new normative frameworks, new boundary organisations, new food reputations, new forms of common pool resource management and new forms of co-experimentation, in short, novel rural market governance mechanisms that intend to safeguard, reproduce and strengthen the specificities of place, products and networks.

    Rural web analysis underlines that redesign will manifest itself spatially in different ways within rural place-making processes. Particularly, the web domains ‘new institutional arrangements’, ‘rural market governance’ and ‘novelty production’ refer to different manifestations of redesign and stress that their place specific interaction patterns will comprise a second crucial component for an adequate understanding of on-going rural spatial differentiation tendencies.

    Resilience, as the third overarching key notion to characterize multifunctional agrarian pathways, attracts growing attention in different theoretical strands. Sociologically, I understand resilience as the need for alignment within contemporary increasingly complex ‘improvisation societies’ in pursuit of sustainable development. Inspired by agro-ecological approaches that make a distinction between its stabilising (‘bouncing back’) and adaptive and transformative (‘bouncing forward’) capacities, I further conceptualize the resilience of agricultural pathways to multifunctionality more specifically as the outcome of flows of resistance and redesign. Briefly, resilience as the capacity to persist, to adapt and to transform representations of certain promises to align social ordering processes.

    This specific understanding and relevance of resilience is further clarified throughout Chapters 2 to 6. The Dutch emergence of the multifunctionality notion shows how the negative externalities of agricultural modernization may go along with a gradual rediscovery and rehabilitation of agriculture’s multifunctionality. The emerging rural development model, particularly, recognizes and acknowledges the persistence and adaptability of multifunctional pathways. The national co-evolution of contrasting sustainability paradigms reveals, at the same time, that this translates into a still more limited transformative capacity in terms of the normative alignment of societal ideas about the core-functions of agriculture.

    Chapter 3 underlines that this transformative capacity may express itself already much more prominently at the micro-level: next to pluri-active and hobby farms, as well known expressions of the adaptability of multifunctional agrarian pathways, the Netherlands knows also robust novel multifunctional rural business models. These novel business models are strongly grounded in the following characteristics of family-based farming: 1) strong linkages between economic and socio-cultural values as integrative powers for productive and consumptive rural functions; 2) changing gender relations that result in new forms of labour division and a re-distribution of responsibilities within farm-families; 3) new professional identities with differentiating strategic meanings for farming; and 4) a certain flexibility in the use of resources. The farm-development trajectories illustrate how this resilience of Dutch family-farms presents itself to different degrees and at different paces.

    The analysis of European agri-environmental governance underscores that resilience is closely interwoven with self-organization and self-regulation capacity. In addition to the emergence of different types of market-led approaches, this covers in the Netherlands experiments with more hybrid remuneration systems, more performance based accountability arrangements and more collective and place-based provision systems. It particularly demonstrates that the resilience of multifunctional agricultural pathways will be also reflected in their ability to mobilize experimental space and to create synchronicity and coherence in highly complex multi-level institutional settings.

    The analysis around emerging ‘nested markets’ in Europe approaches resilience as distinctive market relations. The ability of agriculture’s multifunctionality to persist, adapt and transform, coalesces here into alternative practices and normative frameworks that, in sharp contrast with hegemonic food market relations, succeed in integrating social, ethical and ecological values with market relations. This may contribute to a reduction of transaction costs for producers and to consumers getting access to high quality food markets. It actively forges synergy-effects between traditional and novel rural markets at farm and regional level and succeeds in transforming consumer behavior.

    Finally, rural web analysis further depicts resilience as interacting flows of resistance and redesign. First, its distinction between the dimensions endogeneity, sustainability, social capital, novelty production, new institutional arrangements and governance of rural markets enables the characterization of these flows in more detail. Secondly, it underpins the highly place specific interaction, coalescence and precipitation of such flows. The resilience of multifunctional agrarian pathways is incorporated here into the strong rural web configurations characteristic of rural competitiveness, quality of rural life and strong functional ties between rural and urban spaces. The differences in rural web dynamics between Laag-Holland and the Rivierengebied demonstrate how this spatial coalescence of resilience capacities may express itself rather differently in rural areas facing similar changing societal demands. These empirical findings confirm that multifunctional agricultural pathways represent specific, non-linear interrelations between the past, present and future of farming.

    Chapter 7 starts with a reflection on their future in the Netherlands and reaches the conclusion that the financial crisis and economic downturn since 2008 went along with a (temporary?) deteriorating political climate as, amongst others, reflected in the growing popularity of the notion ‘sustainable intensification’ and the specific way that this is being interpreted. The longer term prospects of agrarian pathways to multifunctionality are further briefly depicted with the help of the various outcomes of national opportunity-constraint analyses. More specifically, I dwell upon the following selection of institutional redesign challenges that are thought to have a great impact on these longer terms prospects: 1) towards alternative multifunctional symbols for the agro-industrial mega-stable; 2) towards sustainable urban food planning; 3) towards more inclusive cost-benefit analysis; 4) towards substantial CAP reforms; and 5) towards longer term support commitment.

    The last part of Chapter 7 draws attention to the unpredictability of the national future of agrarian pathways to multifunctionality. It acknowledges the limitations of sociological theory but, at the same time, the growing scholarly recognition of the performativity of the social sciences. That the social sciences do influence the way societal reality unfolds is particularly underlined by scientists that oppose social theorizing that loses itself in skepticism and negativism. Alternatively, so-called ‘weak theorizing’ is propagated with ambitions primarily oriented towards providing openings, degrees of freedom and hope. In line with these rather modest scientific intentions and pretentions, I finish by expressing the hope that this thesis may contribute to prosperous and flourishing multifunctional family-farming futures, particularly in the Netherlands, but also elsewhere.

    'Gezinsbedrijf blijft, maar anders'
    Teuling, M. ; Poppe, K.J. - \ 2014
    De Pluimveehouderij 44 (2014)17. - ISSN 0166-8250 - p. 49 - 49.
    familiebedrijven, landbouw - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - boerengezinnen - landbouwhuishoudens - pluimveehouderij - ondernemerschap - family farms - farm management - farm families - agricultural households - poultry farming - entrepreneurship
    Met hoger opgeleide ondernemers en een meer mkb-achtige aanpak heeft het gezinsbedrijf toekomst. "Het onderscheid tussen operationeel werk en managementtaken groeit."
    Vrouwen op agrarische bedrijven: actief en betrokken
    Meulen, H.A.B. van der; Matser, I. ; Remery, Ch. ; Terluin, I.J. ; Bouma, J. ; Jager, J.H. - \ 2014
    Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (LEI nota 14-095) - 46
    landbouw - tuinbouw - werkende vrouwen - werk in gezinsverband - arbeidsvoldoening - arbeidsverdeling - familiebedrijven, landbouw - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - nederland - agriculture - horticulture - employed women - family labour - work satisfaction - division of labour - family farms - farm management - netherlands
    De laatste jaren is er nauwelijks kwantitatief onderzoek gedaan naar de rolverdeling binnen Nederlandse agrarische bedrijven, de bijdragen van verschillende gezinsleden aan het inkomen, de achtergrond van gemaakte keuzes en de tevredenheid daarover binnen het gezin. Het internationale jaar van het agrarisch gezinsbedrijf vormt de aanleiding om deze zaken anno 2014 opnieuw onder de loep te nemen. Dat gebeurt in deze studie aan de hand van de volgende onderzoeksvragen: 1. Welke activiteiten verrichten vrouwen binnen en buiten het agrarische bedrijf? 2. In welke mate zijn vrouwen betrokken bij besluitvormingsprocessen op het agrarische bedrijf? 3. In hoeverre zijn vrouwen tevreden met de gang van zaken op het agrarische bedrijf?
    Rural development and the construction of new markets
    Hebinck, P.G.M. ; Ploeg, J.D. van der; Schneider, S. - \ 2014
    London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group (Routledge ISS studies in rural livelihoods 12) - ISBN 9780415746342 - 212
    plattelandsontwikkeling - markten - dynamica - ontwikkelingseconomie - landbouw - economie - middelen van bestaan - plattelandssamenleving - familiebedrijven, landbouw - neveninkomsten - nevenactiviteiten - rural development - markets - dynamics - development economics - agriculture - economics - livelihoods - rural society - family farms - supplementary income - ancillary enterprises
    This book focuses on empirical experiences related to market development, and specifically new markets with structurally different characteristics than mainstream markets. Europe, Brazil, China and the rather robust and complex African experiences are covered to provide a rich multidisciplinary and multi-level analysis of the dynamics of newly emerging markets. This book analyses newly constructed markets as nested markets. Although they are specific market segments that are nested in the wider commodity markets for food, they have a different nature, different dynamics, a different redistribution of value added, different prices and different relations between producers and consumers. Nested markets embody distinction viz-a-viz the general markets in which they are embedded. A key aspect of nested markets is that these are constructed in and through social struggles, which in turn positions this book in relation to classic and new institutional economic analyses of markets. These markets emerge as steadily growing parts of the farmer populations are dedicating their time, energy and resources to the design and production of new goods and services that differ from conventional agricultural outputs. The speed and intensity with which this is taking place, and the products and services involved, vary considerably across the world. In large parts of the South, notably Africa, farmers are ‘structurally’ combining farming with other activities. By contrast, in Europe and large parts of Latin America farmers have taken steps to generate new products and services which exist alongside ongoing agricultural production. This book not only discusses the economic rationales and dynamics for these markets, but also their likely futures and the threats and opportunities they face.
    Feminization of agricultural production in rural China : a sociological analysis
    Meng, X. - \ 2014
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Jandouwe van der Ploeg, co-promotor(en): J. Ye; H. Wu. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789461738158 - 178
    vrouwelijke arbeidskrachten - landbouwproductie - plattelandsvrouwen - familiebedrijven, landbouw - feminisme - sociologie - geslacht (gender) - man-vrouwrelaties - positie van de vrouw - vrouwenemancipatie - vrouwen - landbouw - plattelandsontwikkeling - china - female labour - agricultural production - rural women - family farms - feminism - sociology - gender - gender relations - woman's status - emancipation of women - women - agriculture - rural development - china
    Rural-urban migration of male labour force is an unstoppable process in China. Although some women also migrate to work in cities, most of these women return to the villages after marriage. They need to take care of the children and the family and to work on their smallholder farms. In general, women‟s labour participation in agriculture has increased due to the migration of the male labourers and they have become the main labour force in smallholder agriculture. This thesis is a sociological analysis on the impact of this change on the situation of these women and on smallholder agriculture from the women‟s perspective.
    Ten qualities of family farming
    Ploeg, J.D. van der - \ 2013
    Farming Matters 29 (2013)4. - ISSN 2210-6499 - p. 8 - 11.
    familiebedrijven, landbouw - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - werk in gezinsverband - kleine landbouwbedrijven - bedrijfssystemen - family farms - farm management - family labour - small farms - farming systems
    Even in the International Year of Family Farming there is confusion about family farming. What is it, and what distinguishes it from entrepreneurial farming or family agribusiness? The confusion tends to be highest in places where the modernisation of agriculture has led society further away from farming. Jan Douwe van der Ploeg takes us into the world of family farming, which he says is considered to be “both archaic and anarchic, and attractive and seductive”.
    Biomass for biodiesel production on family farms in Brazil: promise or failure? : integrated assessment of biodiesel crops, farms, policies and producer organisations
    Belo Leite, J.G. Dal - \ 2013
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Martin van Ittersum, co-promotor(en): Maja Slingerland; Jos Bijman. - Wageningen : Wageningen UR - ISBN 9789461737601 - 224
    biodiesel - biomassa - familiebedrijven, landbouw - gewassen - gewasproductie - beleid - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - helianthus annuus - brazilië - biobrandstoffen - biobased economy - biodiesel - biomass - family farms - crops - crop production - policy - sustainability - helianthus annuus - brazil - biofuels - biobased economy
    In Brazil, a biodiesel policy was implemented as a way of reducing poverty among family farms. The objective of this thesis is to perform an integrated assessment of biodiesel crops, farm types, biodiesel policies and producer organisations that reveals opportunities and limitations of family farmers’ engagement in the biodiesel supply chain.
    Effectiveness of innovation grants to smallholder agricultural producers: an explorative systematic review
    Ton, G. ; Grip, K. de; Klerkx, L.W.A. ; Rau, M.L. ; Douma, M. ; Friis-Hansen, E. ; Triomphe, B. ; Waters-Bayer, A. ; Wongtschowski, M. - \ 2013
    London : EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London - ISBN 9781907345548 - 115
    premies - verbeteringssubsidies - boeren - innovaties - familiebedrijven, landbouw - grants - improvement grants - farmers - innovations - family farms
    Grants for agricultural innovation are common but grant funds specifically targeted to smallholder farmers remain relatively rare. Nevertheless, they are receiving increasing recognition as a promising venue for agricultural innovation. They stimulate smallholders to experiment with improved practices, to become proactive and to engage with research and extension providers. The systematic review covered three modalities of disbursing these grants to smallholder farmers and their organisations: vouchers, competitive grants and farmer-led innovation support funds. The synthesis covers, among others, innovation grant systems in Malawi (Agricultural Input Subsidy Programme), Latin America (several Challenge Funds for Farmer Groups), Uganda (National Agricultural Advisory Services ), and Colombia (Local Agricultural Research Committees - CIAL).
    Succesvol samenwerken in multifunctionele familiebedrijven
    Dekking, A.J.G. ; Vijn, M.P. - \ 2012
    PPO AGV
    multifunctionele landbouw - familiebedrijven, landbouw - bedrijfsvoering - samenwerking - communicatie - werk in gezinsverband - multifunctional agriculture - family farms - management - cooperation - communication - family labour
    In de Nederlandse land- en tuinbouw zijn de meeste bedrijven familiebedrijven. In een normale bedrijfsvoering op een multifunctioneel bedrijf moeten er dagelijks rationele beslissingen worden genomen, maar bij samenwerken in een familiebedrijf komen nog veel meer (vooral niet rationele) afwegingen kijken. Vanuit Junior Waardewerken, het netwerk van jonge multifunctionele landbouwondernemers, willen we met deze brochure multifunctionele ondernemers ondersteunen bij het succesvol samenwerken in een familiebedrijf.
    In de voetsporen van de kritische boerin : 25 jaar Landelijke Boerinnen Belangen, 1983-2008
    Storm, D. ; Burg, M.P.M. van der - \ 2011
    Wageningen : Wageningen UR, Wetenschapswinkel (Rapport / Wageningen UR, Wetenschapswinkel 278) - 76
    plattelandsvrouwen - familiebedrijven, landbouw - positie van de vrouw - agrarische geschiedenis - vrouwenemancipatie - boerenorganisaties - maatschappelijke betrokkenheid - vrouw en samenleving - rural women - family farms - woman's status - agricultural history - emancipation of women - farmers' associations - community involvement - woman and society
    Het verhaal van 25 jaar Landelijke Boerinnen Belangen (LBB) geeft in een notendop weer hoe kritische boerinnen hun maatschappelijke betrokkenheid vormgaven. Gestimuleerd door de vrouwenbeweging merkten zij in de zeventig jaren van de vorige eeuw dat zij een andere positie hadden dan de meeste vrouwen. Zij waren niet alleen getrouwd met een man die boer van beroep was, maar ook met zijn bedrijf. Niet alleen economisch, maar ook sociaal waren gezin, huishouden en bedrijf zo met elkaar verweven, dat zij hun positie wel in samenhang moesten bekijken. De geschiedenis van LBB toont hun zoektocht naar de tot dan toe onderbelichte positie van vrouwen in de agrarische sector. Deze boerinnen lieten ook zien hoe het landbouwbeleid en de besluitvorming daarover samenhingen met de knelpunten en problemen die zij in de dagelijkse praktijk tegenkwamen. Zij experimenteerden in hun eigen praktijk, vertaalden hun visies naar beleidsalternatieven en brachten die onder de aandacht bij de landbouworganisaties en ministeries. Voor het eerst lieten boerinnen hun stem horen over landbouwzaken waar zij zich toentertijd verre van dienden te houden.
    Samen ondernemen in de agrosector : een zoektocht naar de perspectieven
    Wolf, P.L. de; Reeuwijk, P. van; Voort, M.P.J. van der; Zijlstra, J. ; Meer, R.W. van der; Verstegen, J.A.A.M. - \ 2009
    Lelystad : PPO AGV - 47
    landbouwsector - schaalverandering - familiebedrijven, landbouw - fusies van boerenbedrijven - samenwerking - ondernemerschap - investeringsplannen - agricultural sector - scaling - family farms - farm amalgamations - cooperation - entrepreneurship - investment planning
    De primaire agrarische sector wordt nog steeds gedomineerd door zelfstandige familiebedrijven. Hoewel deze bedrijven - net als hun toeleveranciers en afnemers - volop bezig zijn met efficiëntieverbetering en schaalvergroting wordt relatief weinig gebruik gemaakt van fusies of vergaande samenwerkingsvormen om dit te realiseren. Vergaande samenwerking krijgt wel steeds meer aandacht in de land-en tuinbouw, maar de meeste agrarische ondernemers zijn huiverig. Wageningen UR heeft onderzoek gedaan naar het perspectief van deze ontwikkeling: zullen we in de toekomst steeds meer voorbeelden zien van vergaande samenwerking? Welke factoren spelen een rol bij de besluitvorming door ondernemers daarover, zowel positief als negatief?
    Ondernemers en huishoudingen in de agrarische sector
    Jager, J.H. ; Poppe, K.J. - \ 2009
    Agri-monitor 2009 (2009)aug. - ISSN 1383-6455 - p. 1 - 2.
    boerengezinnen - landbouwhuishoudens - familiebedrijven, landbouw - werk in gezinsverband - inkomen van landbouwers - landbouwtellingen - farm families - agricultural households - family farms - family labour - farmers' income - agricultural censuses
    De toenemende omvang van agrarische bedrijven vergroot de kans dat meerdere huishoudingen van een bedrijf afhankelijk zijn. Het traditionele eenmansbedrijf wordt dan ook steeds vaker vervangen door complexere eigendomsstructuren. Het karakter van het agrarische gezinsbedrijf, waar de zaken aan de keukentafel worden besproken, blijft echter in de meeste gevallen bestaan
    Voorbij het gezinsbedrijf? : organisatie van het agrarisch bedrijf, nu en in de toekomst
    Backus, G.B.C. ; Baltussen, W.H.M. ; Galen, M.A. van; Meulen, H.A.B. van der; Poppe, K.J. - \ 2009
    Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (Rapport / LEI : Werkveld 2, Sectoren en bedrijven ) - ISBN 9789086153343 - 48
    agrarische economie - ondernemerschap - familiebedrijven, landbouw - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - samenwerking - nederland - agricultural economics - entrepreneurship - family farms - farm management - cooperation - netherlands
    Uitgezonderd de glastuinbouw, zal de productie anno 2020 vooral plaats) vinden op gezinsbedrijven. Het gezinsbedrijf zal wel meer worden gecombineerd met andere bedrijfsvormen, zoals gebruik maken van franchising en keurmer) ken, het inhuren van zzp'ers, en deelnemen in samenwerkingsverbanden
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