Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    The implications of a transition from tickler chain beam trawl to electric pulse trawl on the sustainability and ecosystem effects of the fishery for North Sea sole: an impact assessment
    Rijnsdorp, A.D. ; Boute, P. ; Tiano, J. ; Lankheet, M. ; Soetaert, K. ; Beier, U. ; Borger, E. de; Hintzen, N.T. ; Molenaar, P. ; Polet, H. ; Poos, J.J. ; Schram, E. ; Soetaert, M. ; Overzee, H. van; Wolfshaar, K. van de; Kooten, T. van - \ 2020
    IJmuiden : Wageningen Marine Research (Wageningen Marine Research report C037/20) - 108
    electro-fishing - pulse trawls - beam trawls - bottom-trawling - gear selectivity - discards - fish - benthos - geochemical functioning - footprint - impact indicators - fuel consumption
    Changing from a Western to a Mediterranean-style diet does not affect iron or selenium status : results of the New Dietary Strategies Addressing the Specific Needs of the Elderly Population for Healthy Aging in Europe (NU-AGE) 1-year randomized clinical trial in elderly Europeans
    Jennings, Amy ; Tang, Jonathan ; Gillings, Rachel ; Perfecto, Antonio ; Dutton, John ; Speakman, Jim ; Fraser, William D. ; Nicoletti, Claudio ; Berendsen, Agnes A.M. ; Groot, Lisette C.P.G.M. de; Pietruszka, Barbara ; Jeruszka-Bielak, Marta ; Caumon, Elodie ; Caille, Aurélie ; Ostan, Rita ; Franceschi, Claudio ; Santoro, Aurelia ; Fairweather-Tait, Susan J. - \ 2020
    American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 111 (2020)1. - ISSN 0002-9165 - p. 98 - 109.
    elderly - Europeans - fish - iron - meat - Mediterranean-style diet - randomized controlled trial - selenium

    BACKGROUND: Mediterranean diets limit red meat consumption and increase intakes of high-phytate foods, a combination that could reduce iron status. Conversely, higher intakes of fish, a good source of selenium, could increase selenium status. OBJECTIVES: A 1-y randomized controlled trial [New Dietary Strategies Addressing the Specific Needs of the Elderly Population for Healthy Aging in Europe (NU-AGE)] was carried out in older Europeans to investigate the effects of consuming a Mediterranean-style diet on indices of inflammation and changes in nutritional status. METHODS: Selenium and iron intakes and status biomarkers were measured at baseline and after 1 y in 1294 people aged 65-79 y from 5 European countries (France, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, and the United Kingdom) who had been randomly allocated either to a Mediterranean-style diet or to remain on their habitual, Western diet. RESULTS: Estimated selenium intakes increased significantly with the intervention group (P < 0.01), but were not accompanied by changes in serum selenium concentrations. Iron intakes also increased (P < 0.001), but there was no change in iron status. However, when stratified by study center, there were positive effects of the intervention on iron status for serum ferritin for participants in Italy (P = 0.04) and France (P = 0.04) and on soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) for participants in Poland (P < 0.01). Meat intake decreased and fish intake increased to a greater degree in the intervention group, relative to the controls (P < 0.01 for both), but the overall effects of the intervention on meat and fish intakes were mainly driven by data from Poland and France. Changes in serum selenium in the intervention group were associated with greater changes in serum ferritin (P = 0.01) and body iron (P = 0.01), but not sTfR (P = 0.73); there were no study center × selenium status interactions for the iron biomarkers. CONCLUSIONS: Consuming a Mediterranean-style diet for 1 y had no overall effect on iron or selenium status, although there were positive effects on biomarkers of iron status in some countries. The NU-AGE trial was registered at as NCT01754012.

    Effects of long-term chlorpyrifos exposure on mortality and reproductive tissues of Banded Gourami (Trichogaster fasciata)
    Sumon, Kizar Ahmed ; Yesmin, Most Farzana ; Brink, Paul J. Van den; Bosma, Roel H. ; Peeters, Edwin T.H.M. ; Rashid, Harunur - \ 2019
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part B, Pesticides Food Contaminants, and agricultural wastes 54 (2019)7. - ISSN 0360-1234 - p. 549 - 559.
    Aquatic environment - fish - histopathology - organophosphate pesticide - reproductive toxicity

    This study assessed the long-term toxicity of chlorpyrifos on survival and reproduction of Banded Gourami by using mortality, gonado-somatic index (GSI) and histopathological observations as endpoints. Adult fish were exposed to five different concentrations of chlorpyrifos (0, 15, 50, 150, 500 µg/L) in 15 PVC tanks for 15, 30, 45, 60 and 75 days. Results showed that all male and female fish died after 15 days of 500 µg/L chlorpyrifos exposure. No consistent significant effect was observed for both male and female GSI. Furthermore, results showed dose- and time-dependent histopathological alterations for both ovary and testes. The 60-d No Observed Effect Concentration (NOEC) for most histopathological alterations of Banded Gourami ovary and testes was 50 μg/L, while 60-d NOEC for mortality of both male and female fish was < 15 μg/L. The results show that the long-term exposure to chlorpyrifos not only affect the reproductive tissues of Banded Gourami at exposure concentrations but also cause their mortality. Future studies should evaluate effects at lower concentrations.

    Warmer and browner waters decrease fish biomass production
    Dorst, Renee M. Van; Gårdmark, Anna ; Svanbäck, Richard ; Beier, Ulrika ; Weyhenmeyer, Gesa A. ; Huss, Magnus - \ 2019
    Global Change Biology 25 (2019)4. - ISSN 1354-1013 - p. 1395 - 1408.
    biomass production - browning - Climate change - Eurasian perch - fish - individual body grwoth - lakes - length distribution - ontogeny - warming
    Climate change studies have long focused on effects of increasing temperatures,
    often without considering other simultaneously occurring environmental changes, such as browning of waters. Resolving how the combination of warming and browning of aquatic ecosystems affects fish biomass production is essential for future ecosystem functioning, fisheries, and food security. In this study, we analyzed individual‐ and population‐level fish data from 52 temperate and boreal lakes in Northern Europe, covering large gradients in water temperature and color (absorbance, 420 nm). We show that fish (Eurasian perch, Perca fluviatilis) biomass production decreased with both high water temperatures and brown water color, being lowest in warm and brown lakes. However, while both high temperature and brown water decreased fish biomass production, the mechanisms behind the decrease differed: temperature affected the fish biomass production mainly through a decrease in population standing stock biomass, and through shifts in size‐ and age‐distributions toward a higher proportion of young and small individuals in warm lakes; brown water color, on the other hand, mainly influenced fish biomass production through negative effects on individual body growth and length‐at‐ age. In addition to these
    findings, we observed that the effects of temperature and brown water color on
    individual‐level processes varied over ontogeny. Body growth only responded positively to higher temperatures among young perch, and brown water color had a stronger negative effect on body growth of old than on young individuals. Thus, to better understand and predict future fish biomass production, it is necessary to integrate both individual‐ and population‐level responses and to acknowledge within species variation. Our results suggest that global climate change, leading to browner and warmer waters, may negatively affect fish biomass production, and this effect may be stronger than caused by increased temperature or water color alone
    The effect of low pH on physiology, stress status and growth performance of turbot (Psetta maxima L.) cultured in recirculating aquaculture systems
    Mota, Vasco C. ; Hop, Jochem ; Sampaio, Luís A. ; Heinsbroek, Leon T.N. ; Verdegem, Marc C.J. ; Eding, Ep H. ; Verreth, Johan A.J. - \ 2018
    Aquaculture Research 49 (2018)10. - ISSN 1355-557X - p. 3456 - 3467.
    aquaculture - fish - NH-N - nitrification - total ammonia nitrogen (TAN)

    We evaluated the effect of low pH and low and high total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) concentrations on the physiology, stress status and the growth performance of turbot in RAS. Two experiments were conducted. In Experiment 1, turbot (466 g) were grown at control (pH 7.5; TAN ~0.5 mg/L) or low pH and high TAN (pH 5.7; TAN ~50 mg/L) for 55 days. In Experiment 2, turbot (376 g) were grown at control (pH 7.5; TAN ~0.5 mg/L), low pH and low TAN (pH 5.7; TAN ~5 mg/L) or low pH and high TAN (pH 5.7; TAN ~50 mg/L) for 59 days. In Experiment 1, final body weight, feed intake and growth were significantly lower and FCR significantly higher in turbot exposed to low pH and high TAN. In Experiment 2, only growth was significantly lower in turbot exposed to treatment low pH and high TAN as compared to fish in the control treatment and low pH and low TAN. Osmoregulation and stress indicators measured were within normal levels. In conclusion, turbot grew equally well in a water pH of 7.5 or 5.7 provided a low TAN. In contrast, low pH combined with a high TAN impaired turbot performance.

    Onderzoek overlevingskansen platvis en rog: Welke maatregelen vergroten de overlevingskans?
    Steins, N.A. ; Schram, E. ; Molenaar, P. ; Broekhoven, W. van - \ 2018
    Wageningen Marine Research - 4 p.
    animal welfare - wild animals - fish - fisheries - animal health
    Insecten als voer en voedsel
    Veldkamp, T. - \ 2018
    Wageningen : Wageningen UR Livestock Research - 2 p.
    animal welfare - animal production - poultry - pigs - fish - animal nutrition
    Analyzing Pellets and Feces of African Royal Terns (Thalasseus maximus albididorsalis) Results in Different Estimates of Diet Composition
    Veen, Jan ; Dallmeijer, Hanneke ; Damme, Cindy J.G. van; Leopold, Mardik F. ; Veen, Thor - \ 2018
    Waterbirds 41 (2018)3. - ISSN 1524-4695 - p. 295 - 304.
    African Royal Terns - Delta du Saloum - diet overlap - fish - otoliths - prey - Senegal - Thalasseus maximus albididorsalis.

    A frequently used method to estimate diet composition is based on the identification of fish otoliths present in pellets and feces. However, whether pellets and feces provide similar unbiased estimates of the diet remains poorly understood. The diet of African Royal Terns (Thalasseus maximus albididorsalis) breeding in the Parc National du Delta du Saloum, Senegal, was studied. Prey species composition based on otoliths in freshly regurgitated pellets and a mixture of pellets and feces (excrement) accumulated near nests during the incubation period were compared. Altogether, 59 fish species were identified. Pellets contained far less prey species than excrement. Maximum diet overlap between excrement and pellets varied between 0.34 and 0.43 (mean = 0.36). Differences between minimum and maximum overlap between both sample types were small in all years. Pellets contained almost exclusively large otoliths (widths 3.0-8.5 mm), whereas excrement contained two fractions: large sized ones, identical to those present in the pellets and smaller-sized ones (0.5-3.0 mm) originating from feces. It is hypothesized that large otoliths cannot pass the intestinal tracts of the birds and are therefore regurgitated. Differences in prey species composition in pellets and excrement could potentially be explained by a combination of seasonal changes in availability of prey species and size of otoliths. Neither pellets nor feces alone give an unbiased picture of the diet of African Royal Terns.

    Sustainable seafood - Do consumers matter?
    Bush, S.R. - \ 2018
    Wageningen : WURcast
    farmed fish - fish - fish consumption - consumer behaviour
    Nearly 80% of all seafood sold in supermarkets is labelled as sustainable. Have you ever stopped to think why? The conventional view is that consumer choices drive market-led change. But behind these labels is a range of organisations and initiatives actively shaping political forms of consumerism for you. What is the effect they will have on seafood sustainability in the future?
    UV-filters and musk fragrances in seafood commercialized in Europe Union: Occurrence, risk and exposure assessment
    Cunha, S.C. ; Trabalón, L. ; Jacobs, S. ; Castro, M. ; Fernandez-Tejedor, M. ; Granby, K. ; Verbeke, W. ; Kwadijk, C. ; Ferrari, F. ; Robbens, J. ; Sioen, I. ; Pocurull, E. ; Marques, A. ; Fernandes, J.O. ; Domingo, J.L. - \ 2018
    Environmental Research 161 (2018). - ISSN 0013-9351 - p. 399 - 408.
    fish - UV-filters - Musk fragrances - Occurrence - risk assessment - GC-MS/MS
    In the framework of the FP7 ECsafeSeafood project, 62 seafood samples commercialized in Europe Union from several representative species – mackerel, tuna, salmon, seabream, cod, monkfish, crab, shrimp, octopus, perch
    and plaice – were analysed for residues of 21 personal care products (PCPs), including 11 UV-filters (UV-Fs) and 10 musk fragrances (musks). PCPs analysis were performed by Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective Rugged, Safe (QuEChERS), combined with liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) or dispersive solid-phase extraction (dSPE), followed by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS). The results showed the presence in a wide range of samples of nine out of eleven UV-Fs compounds analysed, namely 2-ethylhexyl salicylate (EHS), 2-
    ethylhexyl,4-methoxycinnamate (EHMC), 4-methylbenzylidenecamphor (4-MBC), benzophenone-1 (BP1), benzophenone- 3 (BP3), isoamyl-4-methoxycinnamate (IMC), 2,2′-dihydroxy-4,4′-dimethoxybenzophenone (DHMB), homosalate (HS), and octocrylene (OC), whereas galaxolide (HHCB), galaxolide lactone (HHCB-lactone), and tonalide (AHTN) were the most found musks. The potential risks to human health associated with the exposure to eight of the more prevalent PCPs – EHS, EHMC, 4-MBC, BP1, BP3, IMC, HHCB, and AHTN - through seafood
    consumption were assessed for consumers from five European countries (Belgium, Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Spain). Results showed that the human exposure to UV-Fs and musks estimated from the concentration values
    found in seafood and the daily consumption of concerned seafood species, were far below toxicological reference values.
    Seascape genetics of a flatfish reveals local selection under high levels of gene flow
    Diopere, Eveline ; Vandamme, Sara G. ; Habluetzel, Pascal I. ; Cariani, Alessia ; Houdt, Jeroen van; Rijnsdorp, A.D. ; Tinti, Fausto ; Volckaert, Filip A.M. ; Maes, Gregory E. - \ 2018
    ICES Journal of Marine Science 75 (2018)2. - ISSN 1054-3139 - p. 675 - 689.
    fish - isolation by distance - local adaptation - Northeast Atlantic Ocean - outlier locus - population genomics - SNP - sole
    Local adaptation is often found to be in a delicate balance with gene flow in marine species with high dispersal potential. Genotyping with mapped transcriptome-derived markers and advanced seascape statistical analyses are proven tools to uncover the genomic basis of biologically relevant traits under environmental selection. Using a panel of 426 gene-linked single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), we scanned 17 samples (n¼539) of sole (Solea solea L.) from the Northeast Atlantic Ocean and applied a node-based seascape analysis. Neutral loci confirmed a clear distinction between the North Sea–Baltic Sea transition zone and the other Eastern Atlantic samples. At a more subtle level,
    the latter unit split in an English Channel and North Sea group, and a Bay of Biscay and Atlantic Iberian coast group. A fourth group, the Irish and Celtic Sea, was identified with 19 outlier loci. A pattern of isolation by distance (IBD) characterized the latitudinal distribution. Seascape analyses identified winter seawater temperature, food availability and coastal currents to explain a significant component of geographically distributed genetic variation, suggesting that these factors act as drivers of local adaptation. The evidence for local adaptation is in line with the current understanding on the impact of two key ecological factors, the life-history trait winter mortality and the behaviour of inshore/offshore spawning. We conclude that the subtle differentiation between two metapopulations (North Sea and Bay of Biscay) mirrors local adaptation.
    At least three genomic regions with strong population differentiation point to locally divergent selection. Further functional characterization of these genomic regions should help with formulating adaptive management policies.
    Physiology-based modelling approaches to characterize fish habitat suitability : their usefulness and limitations
    Teal, L.R. ; Marras, Stefano ; Peck, M.A. ; Domenici, Paolo - \ 2018
    Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 201 (2018). - ISSN 0272-7714 - p. 56 - 63.
    physiology-based models - dynamic energy budget - aerobic scope - species distribution - fish - conservation biology
    Models are useful tools for predicting the impact of global change on species distribution and abundance. As ectotherms, fish are being challenged to adapt or track changes in their environment, either in time through a phenological shift or in space by a biogeographic shift. Past modelling efforts have largely been based on correlative Species Distribution Models, which use known occurrences of species across landscapes of interest to define sets of conditions under which species are likely to maintain populations. The practical advantages of this correlative approach are its simplicity and the flexibility in terms of data
    requirements. However, effective conservation management requires models that make projections beyond the range of available data. One way to deal with such an extrapolation is to use a mechanistic approach based on physiological processes underlying climate change effects on organisms. Here we illustrate two approaches for developing physiology-based models to characterize fish habitat suitability. (i) Aerobic Scope Models (ASM) are based on the relationship between environmental factors and aerobic scope (defined as the difference between maximum and standard (basal) metabolism). This approach is based on experimental data collected by using a number of treatments that allow a function to be derived to predict aerobic metabolic scope from the stressor/environmental factor(s). This function is then integrated with environmental (oceanographic) data of current and future scenarios. For any given species, this approach allows habitat suitability maps to be generated at various spatiotemporal scales. The strength of the ASM approach relies on the estimate of relative performance when comparing, for example, different locations or different species. (ii) Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) models are based on first principles including the idea that metabolism is organised in the same way within all animals. The (standard) DEB model aims to describe empirical relationships which can be found consistently within physiological data across the animal kingdom. The advantages of the DEB models are that they make use
    of the generalities found in terms of animal physiology and can therefore be applied to species for which little data or empirical observations are available. In addition, the limitations as well as useful potential refinements of these and other physiology-based modelling approaches are discussed. Inclusion of the
    physiological response of various life stages and modelling the patterns of extreme events observed in nature are suggested for future work
    Biotechnische Dagen 2017
    Veld, Menno ter - \ 2017
    quality of water - fish
    Workshop 'Waterkwaliteit beheersing bij onderzoek naar vissen'
    The KB WOT Fisheries Programme carried out in 2016
    Damme, C.J.G. van; Verver, S.W. - \ 2017
    IJmuiden : Stichting Wageningen Research, Centre for Fisheries Research (CVO) (CVO report / Centre for Fisheries Research 17.007) - 63
    visserijbeheer - visbestand - visserijbeleid - zeevisserij - schaal- en schelpdierenvisserij - monitoring - onderwaterakoestiek - vis - fishery management - fishery resources - fishery policy - marine fisheries - shellfish fisheries - monitoring - underwater acoustics - fish
    Maintaining and developing the expertises needed to execute the Dutch fisheries monitoring and advice statutory obligations is the core of the KB WOT Fisheries programme. As fisheries management and policy needs, and thus the WOT requirements, change over time, the KB WOT programme needs to be flexible to respond to these changes. The KB WOT programme seeks to be inventive and participate in the fisheries science development, while maintaining the core expertises and flexibility. The programme operates within the context of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP), the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) and the EU Maritime Policy. The KB WOT fisheries programme is established annually and positioned around a number of themes. In 2016 17 projects were originally awarded. However, one project could not meet all the original objectives and with the remaining budget a new project was started on the tool development for monitoring catches on board commercial vessels. The 18 projects within the programme were successfully completed. The focus of the programme in 2016 was on research into mapping the seafloor, development of tools and framework for monitoring catches on board commercial vessels, data storage and accessibility and method development for assessment of marine resources. As the basis of the KB WOT Fisheries is maintaining and developing key expertise for the WOT programme, a considerable part of the funds was used for projects that standardise fish ageing, fish and shellfish monitoring and development of fisheries acoustics techniques and expertise. These subjects are essential for ensuring the high quality of fish stock assessments and management. Of the 18 projects funded in 2016, six were carried out in international collaboration with other institutes in- and outside Europe. These partnerships provide a large amount of added value, since resources and expertise from these other countries contribute to the outcomes of the KB WOT Fisheries programme. Also, a large part of the KB WOT resources is specifically dedicated to international collaboration and exchange of science. This ensures that Wageningen Marine Research researchers remain at the centre of scientific developments and international fisheries research. The programme was also very productive in terms of publications, presentations and developing new methods or tools for fisheries research. Over 20 international presentations were given at meetings, workshops and symposia, and 24 international and national reports were written. 9 new methods or models were developed, 4 peer reviewed publications published and 1 scientific publication prepared
    Toxicity of organophosphorus pesticide sumithion on larval stages of stinging catfish Heteropneustes fossilis
    Shahjahan, M. ; Kabir, M.F. ; Sumon, Kizar Ahmed ; Bhowmik, Lipi Rani ; Rashid, Harunur - \ 2017
    Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology 35 (2017)1. - ISSN 0254-4059 - p. 109 - 114.
    environment - fish - organophosphorus pesticide - toxicity

    Sumithion is widely used to control brittle in paddy fields and tiger bug in fish larval rearing ponds. The objective of this study was to elucidate the toxic effects of sumithion on larval stages of stinging catfish Heteropneustes fossilis. Larvae were exposed to two concentrations (150 and 250 μg/L) of sumithion with one control in three replicates of each. Larvae samples were collected at 20- and 24-h intervals followed by observation under a digital microscope. Exposures of stinging catfish larvae to sumithion produced deformities including irregular head shape, lordosis, yolk sac edema, body arcuation, tissue ulceration, etc. The mortality rates of larvae were significantly increased in response to increase in sumithion concentrations. Furthermore, around 30% of the total adult stinging catfish reared in sumithiontreated aquaculture ponds were found to be deformed permanently. These findings highlight that exposure of stinging catfish to sumithion at the critical and sensitive stages in their life cycle may significantly reduce the number of returning adults. Therefore, the use of sumithion for crop protection needs to be considered carefully and alternatives to sumithion should to be developed for controlling aquatic insects in aqua-ponds during larval rearing.

    Verslag evaluatiebijeenkomst "Onbedoelde Bijvangst in Beeld"
    Strietman, W.J. ; Siemensma, M. - \ 2016
    Wageningen Economic Research - 12
    dierenwelzijn - wilde dieren - diergezondheid - vis - animal welfare - wild animals - animal health - fish
    Contrasting the roles of section length and instream habitat enhancement for river restoration success: a field study on 20 European restoration projects
    Hering, D. ; Aroviita, J. ; Baattrup-Pedersen, A. ; Brabec, K. ; Buijse, T. ; Ecke, F. ; Friberg, N. ; Gielczewski, Marek ; Januschke, K. ; Köhler, J. ; Kupilas, Benjamin ; Lorenz, A.W. ; Muhar, S. ; Paillex, Amael ; Poppe, Michaela ; Schmidt, T. ; Schmutz, S. ; Vermaat, J. ; Verdonschot, R.C.M. ; Verdonschot, P.F.M. ; Wolter, Christian ; Kail, J. - \ 2015
    Wageningen UR
    aquatic macrophytes - benthic invertebrates - fish - floodplain - flow patterns - food web - ground beetles - riparian vegetation - stable isotopes
    1. Restoration of river hydromorphology often has limited detected effects on river biota. One frequently discussed reason is that the restored river length is insufficient to allow populations to develop and give the room for geomorphologic processes to occur. 2. We investigated ten pairs of restored river sections of which one was a large project involving a long, intensively restored river section and one represented a smaller restoration effort. The restoration effect was quantified by comparing each restored river section to an upstream non-restored section. We sampled the following response variables: habitat composition in the river and its floodplain, three aquatic organism groups (aquatic macrophytes, benthic invertebrates and fish), two floodplain-inhabiting organism groups (floodplain vegetation, ground beetles), as well as food web composition and land–water interactions reflected by stable isotopes. 3. For each response variable, we compared the difference in dissimilarity of the restored and nearby non-restored section between the larger and the smaller restoration projects. In a second step, we regrouped the pairs and compared restored sections with large changes in substrate composition to those with small changes. 4. When comparing all restored to all non-restored sections, ground beetles were most strongly responding to restoration, followed by fish, floodplain vegetation, benthic invertebrates and aquatic macrophytes. Aquatic habitats and stable isotope signatures responded less strongly. 5. When grouping the restored sections by project size, there was no difference in the response to restoration between the projects targeting long and short river sections with regard to any of the measured response variables except nitrogen isotopic composition. In contrast, when grouping the restored sections by substrate composition, the responses of fish, benthic invertebrates, aquatic macrophytes, floodplain vegetation and nitrogen isotopic composition were greater in sections with larger changes in substrate composition as compared to those with smaller changes. 6. Synthesis and applications. The effects of hydromorphological restoration measures on aquatic and floodplain biota strongly depend on the creation of habitat for aquatic organisms, which were limited or not present prior to restoration. These positive effects on habitats are not necessarily related to the restored river length. Therefore, we recommend a focus on habitat enhancement in river restoration projects.
    Heldere herleidbaarheid in de visketen
    Asselt, E.D. van; Roest, J.G. van der; Staats, M. ; Kok, E.J. ; Cuijpers, H.J.J. ; Ruth, S.M. van - \ 2015
    RIKILT Wageningen UR (RIKILT-rapport 2015.013) - 39
    technologie - visproducten - analytische methoden - naspeurbaarheid - vis - visverwerking - diepvriesvis - schaaldieren - garnalen - kabeljauw - verse producten - technology - fish products - analytical methods - traceability - fish - fish processing - frozen fish - shellfish - shrimps - cod - fresh products
    Heldere herleidbaarheid betekent dat kenmerken die bij verkoop worden toegekend aan visproducten terug te herleiden zijn in de keten. Het gaat daarbij om aspecten als de vissoort, maar ook de geografische oorsprong en de processing van de vis. Om de consument volledig inzicht te bieden in productinformatie is de etiketteringswetgeving ((EU) 1169/2011) recent aangescherpt en dienen dergelijke aspecten op het etiket vermeld te worden. In dit project is onderzocht welke administratieve en analytische methoden gebruikt kunnen worden om de voorgeschiedenis van visproducten aan te tonen. Er is gewerkt aan vier deelprojecten die door de projectpartners als prioriteit werden aangemerkt: administratieve traceerbaarheid in de kabeljauwketen, aantonen van watergehaltes in garnalen, vaststellen van geografische oorsprong van witpootgarnalen en onderscheid tussen verse en ontdooide vis. De resultaten van deze vier onderzoeken zijn in dit rapport beschreven.
    Analysemethoden voor de bepaling van authenticiteit in visketens
    Staats, M. ; Roest, J.G. van der; Pustjens, A.M. ; Voorthuijzen, M.M. ; Dijk, J.P. van; Prins, T.W. ; Boerrigter-Eenling, G.R. ; Koot, A.H. ; Pelt-Heerschap, H.M.L. van; Spiegel, M. van der; Ruth, S.M. van; Kok, E.J. - \ 2015
    RIKILT (Rikilt-rapport 015) - 67
    noordzee - vis - vissen - analytische methoden - schol - north sea - fish - fishes - analytical methods - plaice
    Dit rapport beschrijft de resultaten van onderzoek dat is uitgevoerd binnen het project "Analysemethoden voor de bepaling van authenticiteit in visketens". Het project heeft als doel om methoden te ontwikkelen waarmee de authenticiteit (soort, geografische herkomst en productiewijze) van Noordzeevissen kan worden vastgesteld. In dit project is gewerkt aan vier deelprojecten: Ketenanalyse naar vermenging van schol (Pleuronectes platessa) uit de Noordzee met andere vissoorten, ontwikkeling en initiële validatie van een moleculaire barcoding methode om Noordzeevissoorten in gemengde monsters te identificeren, bepaling van de geografische herkomst van schol en productiemethode van tarbot met behulp van isotoopratio's en chemische fingerprint en toepassing van de ontwikkelde analytische methoden in Noordzeevisketens. De resultaten van deze onderzoeken zijn in dit rapport weergegeven.
    Uit Je Eigen Stad
    Heijden, P.G.M. van der - \ 2015
    Aquacultuur 2015 (2015)2. - ISSN 1382-2764 - p. 17 - 24.
    groenten - vis - bedrijven - voedselproductie - stadslandbouw - aquacultuur - visteelt - viskwekerijen - groenteteelt - aquaponics - innovaties - vegetables - fish - businesses - food production - urban agriculture - aquaculture - fish culture - fish farms - vegetable growing - aquaponics - innovations
    In 2010 vatte drie ondernemers het plan op om bij de Rotterdamse Fruithaven een loods en het erom heen gelegen rangeerterrein een landbouwkundige bestemming te geven. Het duurde tot 2012 voordat voldoende kapitaal en vergunningen waren geregeld en met de aanleg van Uit Je Eigen Stad begonnen kon worden. Inmiddels is er veel bereikt (waaronder een werkend aquaponics systeem met een inhoud van 125 m3) en worden groente, tilapia, Afrikaanse meerval, paddenstoelen en kippen in het eigen restaurant en in Rotterdam en omgeving verkocht. Maar de medewerkers van Uit Je Eigen Stad rusten niet en gaan door met het testen en proberen van verschillende gewassen, productiewijzen, producten, markten en evenementen. We bezochten het bedrijf en spraken met Ivo Haenen.
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