Shadow Price Approach to Total Factor Productivity Measurement: With an Application to Finnish Grass-Silage Production
Kuosmanen, T.K. ; Post, T. ; Sipiläinen, T. - \ 2004
Journal of Productivity Analysis 22 (2004)1-2. - ISSN 0895-562X - p. 95 - 121.
fisher ideal indexes - industrialized countries - technical progress - efficiency change - growth - numbers
This paper explores an intermediate route between the Fisher and the Malmquist productivity indexes so as to minimize data requirements and assumptions about economic behavior of production units and their production technology. Assuming quantity data of inputs and outputs and the behavioral hypothesis of allocative efficiency, we calculate the exact value of the Fisher ideal productivity index using implicit shadow prices revealed by the choice of input-output mix. The approach is operationalized by means of a nonparametric data envelopment analysis (DEA) model. Empirical application to Finnish grass silage farms suggests that the Malmquist and the Fisher productivity indices yield similar results when averaged over firms, but there can be major differences in the results of the two approaches at the level of individual firms.