Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Understanding urban consumers' food choice beavior in Ethiopia: Promoting demand for healthy foods
Melesse, M.B. ; Berg, M.M. van den; Brauw, Alan de; Abate, Gashaw T. - \ 2019
Washington DC : International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) (Strategy Support Program, Working Paper 131 ) - 33 p.
nutrition - health - food prices - food security - trade - gender
Using survey data collected from 996 representative households in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, this paper documents several insights to help understand urban consumer food purchasing and consumption choices. The findings can be summarized as follows: 1) We find that households face important dietary gaps; a large proportion eats insufficient amounts of nutrient-dense vegetables, animal-source foods, and fruits. 2) The consumption of ultra-processed foods increases with income and may become a pressing health concern as incomes rise. 3) From a purchasing perspective, we find that consumers buy foods for different purposes at different outlets. Nearby kiosks and informal street markets are frequented for small food items and for fruits and vegetables, while formal open markets and consumer cooperatives are used for bulky food items. 4) Respondents make food and food outlet choices based on their health and food safety concerns, but few consider the nutritional value of food when purchasing it. Concurrently, the availability of a wide variety of healthy and safe foods is highly valued by most respondents for outlet choice. Among consumers in lower income categories, they tend to make food and food outlet choices based on prices and location convenience. 5) Although nutrition is not a primary concern when making choices about food, consumers appear to have reasonable nutritional knowledge. Most respondents considered a healthy diet to be primarily plant-based. Most people are aware that they should eat more fruits and vegetables and less sugary, fatty, and salty foods, but they have limited knowledge on the nutrient content of specific foods and the causes of obesity. 6) Labelling would not be an effective way to increase nutritional knowledge; most respondents have limited understanding of the information that labels provide. Rather, most respondents trust the information provided by health professionals over other sources. In sum, these results are potentially relevant for policy and the design of future programs for improving nutritional outcomes through enhanced diets.
Food online : PhD thesis on food legal and civil law requirements for digital contracts regarding food purchases by consumers in the Netherlands
Veer, Lomme C. van der - \ 2017
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): B.M.J. Meulen. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463437127 - 125
food - food consumption - food costs - food marketing - food merchandising - food prices - food legislation - consumers - product liability - regulations - law - internet - netherlands - food purchasing - voedsel - voedselconsumptie - kosten voor voedsel - marketing van voedingsmiddelen - reclamecampagne van voedsel - voedselprijzen - voedingsmiddelenwetgeving - consumenten - productaansprakelijkheid - regelingen - recht - internet - nederland - voedselinkoop

In this thesis the research focuses on the legal rules and regulations in the Netherlands that apply in the context of food purchases by consumers that are concluded online. Sale of food via the Internet takes place in the area of Civil Code requirements on distance selling and public law requirements on food labelling. In four research Chapters (chapters 2-5) the relevant topics are addressed.

In Chapter 1 the legal context to the research is presented leading up to the formulation of the central problem statement and the research questions. The Chapter also provides the theoretical framework and the in this research applied methodology.

Chapter 2 ‘'Real Food from Virtual Shops: the situation before 2014’ reports on research performed before the entry into force of the national implementation of the Consumer Rights Directive and of the Food Information Regulation. This chapter provides the historical baseline to this research. The research in this chapter shows that the instruments handed to the consumers to compensate their weakened position as online buyers, cannot function as intended in case the merchandise is food. It is argued that consumers derive more bite from general provisions of contract law than from the provisions specifically addressing distance contracts.

In Chapter 3, ‘Food Online, Radical Changes to the Digital Shop Window after 2014’ the argument is continued by addressing in detail the implementation of the Consumer Rights Directive in the Netherlands and the entry into force of the Food Information Regulation. The differences become visible between civil law and public food legislation in the manner in which they envisage to protect the consumer. Civil law turns out to be rather scarce in requiring information provision to consumers. In his attempt to ensure that consumers are only bound to purchase contracts they actually want, the European legislator has chosen a far more draconic instrument. The consumer has been given the right to withdraw from the contract altogether after the etailer has already fulfilled his side of the agreement. The legislature has preferred this instrument over elaborate information requirements regarding the product to be purchased. The available data do not show that the legislature balanced these two instruments.

Whatever these reasons have been, they seem to have been less compelling in the case of food products. The vast majority of foods is exempted from the consumers' right to withdraw. This leaves a considerable gap in the civil law protection of consumers of food online. This gap has recently been filled by the Food Information Regulation. This regulation does put in place a considerable obligation to supply the consumer online with information prior to the purchase decision. The etailer has to provide online all the information which the producer is required to provide on the food label. In one small provision the entire and complex burden the Food Information Regulation places on the food industry, is placed with the etailer as well.

In Chapter 4 ‘Product Liability for Online Food Suppliers’ the increased risks for the etailer of foods to become product liable is addressed. Due to the wide scope of the definition of ‘producer’ in product liability law, the risk for the etailer to be considered the liable producer is rather high. Due to the Consumer Rights Directive and its implementation in national law, of all the players in the chain the etailer is easiest to identify for the consumer. Etailers have to push their claims further up the hill without any recourse to facilities regarding burden of proof or liability. Both the Consumer Rights Directive and the Food Information Regulation have been designed to reinforce the consumers’ position with a view to ensuring that consumers will no longer be the weakest link in the value chain.

In Chapter 5 'The Lucky Bag for Meals' the emerging market for food-boxes is discussed. Food-boxes embody the dream of every etailer. Not the consumers decide what they buy, but the retailers decide what they supply. Business economic advantages of this model in terms of stock management, logistics and marketing are obviously enormous. Apparently an important marketing proposition in this modern day ‘lucky bag’ is the surprise. It appears that consumers want to be surprised. Despite all requirements regarding transparency and information provision imposed by legislators upon the etailer with a view to protecting consumers, a part of the market seems to prefer to be kept uninformed. The chapter shows that a relevant group of consumers is actually willing to pay a price premium to businesses for infringing upon their legal obligations and for being kept out of their rights.

In Chapter 6 the findings of the research are presented. Besides the answers to the research questions a new series of questions emerge. These openings to further exploration show how the legal field of food online in legal development and legal scholarship is just as young as the technology that sparked its emergence.

The transmission and management of price volatility in food supply chains
Assefa, Tsion Taye - \ 2016
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Alfons Oude Lansink, co-promotor(en): Miranda Meuwissen. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462579835 - 132
food prices - agricultural prices - volatility - cap - food - supply chain management - price controls - voedselprijzen - landbouwprijzen - vluchtigheid - gemeenschappelijk landbouwbeleid - voedsel - ketenmanagement - prijsbewaking

The 2006-2011 period has been marked by increased volatility in food an agricultural commodity prices at a global level. In the EU, the continuous liberalization of agricultural markets under the Common Agricultural Policy has led to the exposure of EU agricultural to increasing market price volatility. This thesis has investigated the transmission and management of price volatility in EU food supply chains. The transmission of price volatility in various food supply chains is first investigated through a literature review followed by an empirical analysis of price volatility transmission in the case of the German fresh pork supply chain. The effect of market power was also taken into account in the latter empirical analysis. Next, the management of price volatility was investigated through interviews conducted with actors of selected EU food supply chains. This was followed by the analysis of the effectiveness of selected price volatility management strategies. Lastly, in light of the policy support for agricultural insurance within the Common agricultural policy, premium rates of an agricultural revenue insurance contract were calculated for the Dutch ware potato sector.

One of the gaps identified in the reviewed literature is the lack of attention given to the effects of contextual factors on price volatility transmissions in food supply chains. Contextual factors include market power in the chain and pricing strategies (e.g. contracts) by chain actors. Results of the price volatility transmission analysis conducted in this thesis in the case of the German pork chain show that retail market power limited both the transmission of price levels and price volatility. This thesis shows that price volatility is perceived as risky by all actors in the food supply chain. Deviations of prices by more than 10 to 15 % from expected levels were perceived as price volatility by a majority of the chain actors. Results further show that price volatility management strategies in EU food chains are diverse and well beyond traditional instruments such as futures and forward contracts. Contrary to expectations, price fixing contracts were not found to be desirable by interviewed chain actors. This thesis also found that the effectiveness of contracts in reducing price volatility depended on how the contract price was set.

Results of this thesis further show that premium rates of a revenue insurance contract for the Dutch ware potato sector across categories of farms. The average premium rates calculated were 32.1%, 22.2%, 33.1% and 24.0% on guaranteed revenue per hectare for the high expected yield, low expected yield, high yield variance to expected yield ratio and low yield variance to expected yield ratio categories of farm, respectively. The difference in premium rates across categories of farms implies that charging the same average premium rate to all Dutch ware potato farms can lead to adverse selection.

Potential impacts on sub-Saharan Africa of reducing food loss and waste in the European Union : A focus on food prices and price transmission effects
Rutten, M.M. ; Mhlanga, Nomathemba - \ 2015
FAO - ISBN 9789251090282 - 64 p.
food consumption - food policy - food wastes - food prices - africa - europe - european union - voedselconsumptie - beleid inzake voedsel - voedselafval - voedselprijzen - afrika - europa - europese unie
This paper investigates, by means of scenario analyses, how reductions in food loss and waste in the European Union (EU) could influence prices in sub-Saharan Africa – as a source and destination of traded agricultural and food products. Four 50 percent reduction scenarios are enacted, using the Modular Applied GeNeral Equilibrium Tool (MAGNET), in addition to a baseline “business as usual” (BaU) scenario. The analysis provides insights on potential impacts in terms of medium- to long-term global and local price changes in sub-Saharan Africa and the mechanisms behind them (changes in production, consumption and trade patterns). It also provides insights in terms of potential welfare impacts.
The Economics of Biofuel Policies. Impacts on Price Volatility in Grain and Oilseed Markets
Gorter, H. de; Drabik, D. - \ 2015
New York (USA) : Palgrave Macmillan (Palgrave studies in agricultural economics and food policy ) - ISBN 9781137414847
agrarische economie - milieubeleid - biobrandstoffen - bio-energie - biomassa - energie - voedselprijzen - basisproducten - ethanolproductie - suikerriet - vluchtigheid - landbouwprijzen - agricultural economics - environmental policy - biofuels - bioenergy - biomass - energy - food prices - commodities - ethanol production - sugarcane - volatility - agricultural prices
The global food crises of 2008 and 2010 and the increased price volatility revolve around biofuels policies and their interaction with each other, farm policies and between countries. The Economics of Biofuel Policies focuses on the role of biofuel policies in creating turmoil in the world grains and oilseed markets since 2006. This book puts together theory and empirical evidence of how biofuel policies created a link between crop (food grains and oilseeds) and biofuel (ethanol and biodiesel) prices. This combined with biofuel policies role in affecting the link between biofuels and energy (gasoline, diesel and crude oil) prices will form the basis to show how alternative US, EU, and Brazilian biofuel policies have immense impacts on the level and volatility of food grain and oilseed prices.
The Impacts of Reducing Food Loss in Ghana : A scenario study using the global economic simulation model MAGNET
Rutten, M.M. ; Verma, M. - \ 2014
Wageningen : Wageningen UR (Report / LEI Wageningen UR 2014-035) - 42
verliezen - voedselverspilling - voedselproductie - voedselprijzen - ghana - economische impact - voedselzekerheid - losses - food wastage - food production - food prices - economic impact - food security
When Ghana reduces food loss by 50% by the year 2025, at all stages of supply chains for the paddy, fruits vegetables and nuts, maize, fish and oilseeds, the impacts for producers vary across sectors; consumers gain from food price reduction, but if they are wage labourers, they might lose income. A more efficient food production system in Ghana will also result in an additional 0.8% increase in its Gross Domestic Product in 2025; a welfare increase equivalent of USD 19 per capita and a slightly higher (29 Kcal per capita) calorie intake. The study was done for the Ministry of Economic Affairs as part of its BO research programme on food waste. The aim of the research was to investigate the medium- to long-term macroeconomic impacts of tackling food losses, with Ghana serving as an informative case.
Prijsvorming van voedsel; Ontwikkelingen van prijzen in acht Nederlandse ketens van versproducten
Baltussen, W.H.M. ; Kornelis, M. ; Galen, M.A. van; Logatcheva, K. ; Horne, P.L.M. van; Smit, A.B. ; Janssens, S.R.M. ; Smet, A. de; Zelst, N.F. ; Immink, V.M. ; Oosterkamp, E.B. ; Gerbrandy, A. ; Bockel, W.B. van; Pham, T.M.L. - \ 2014
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (Nota / LEI 14-112) - 132
prijsvorming - voedselprijzen - voedingsmiddelen - verse producten - prijszetting - price formation - food prices - foods - fresh products - price fixing
Dit rapport beschrijft de prijsvorming van acht Nederlandse ketens van de versproducten aardappel, appel, brood, ei, komkommer, paprika, pluimveevlees en uien. Dit is een actualisatie van het onderzoek uitgevoerd in 2009. De hoofdvraag is of een prijsverandering in een product bij de boer doorgegeven worden aan consumenten. Speciale aandacht is er voor openbare noteringen van prijzen van agrarische producten.
Biofuels and Vertical Price Transmission: The Case of the US Corn, Ethanol, and Food Markets
Drabik, D. ; Ciaian, P. ; Pokrivcak, J. - \ 2014
KU Leuven, LICOS
voedsel versus brandstof - biobrandstoffen - marktprijzen - agrarische economie - economische analyse - maïs - bioethanol - voedselprijzen - vs - biobased economy - food vs fuel - biofuels - market prices - agricultural economics - economic analysis - maize - food prices - usa
This is the first paper to analyze the impact of biofuels on the price transmission along the food chain. We analyze the U.S. corn sector and its vertical links with food and ethanol (energy) markets. We find that biofuels affect the price transmission elasticity in the food chain compared to a no biofuel production situation but the effect depends on the source of the market shock and the policy regime: the price transmission elasticity declines under a binding blender’s tax credit and a food market shock. Our results also indicate that the response of corn and food prices to shocks in the corn and/or food markets is lower in the presence of biofuels. Finally, the sensitivity analyses indicate that our results are robust to different assumptions about the model parameters.
Voedselprijzenmonitor van start
Silvis, H.J. - \ 2014
LEI Wageningen UR
voedselprijzen - prijsvorming - voedselproductie - voedingsmiddelen - voedselketens - producentenprijzen - consumentenprijzen - vleeswaren - melkproducten - food prices - price formation - food production - foods - food chains - producer prices - consumer prices - meat products - milk products
De voedselprijzenmonitor verschaft inzicht in de ontwikkeling van prijzen door de voedselproductieketen heen; dit wil zeggen op het niveau van het primaire agrarische bedrijf, de verwerking en de consument. De volgende ketens worden onderscheiden: tarweproducten, aardappelproducten, zuivel, eieren, pluimveevlees, varkensvlees en rundvlees. Voor groente en fruit worden vooralsnog alleen consumentenprijzen weergegeven.
Mondiale voedselzekerheid en schaarste
Achterbosch, Thom - \ 2013
food security - food supply - food prices - scarcity - consumer expenditure
Monitoring en observatoria van voedselprijzen; Een verkenning van kosten en effecten
Oosterkamp, E.B. ; Logatcheva, K. ; Galen, M.A. van; Georgiev, E.S. - \ 2013
Den Haag : LEI, onderdeel van Wageningen UR (LEI-rapport : Onderzoeksveld Markt & ketens ) - ISBN 9789086156283 - 116
voedselprijzen - monitoring - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - voedsel - dierenwelzijn - dierlijke productie - prijsvorming - observatie - kosten - food prices - sustainability - food - animal welfare - animal production - price formation - observation - costs
Prijzenobservatoria, zoals ze in Spanje en Frankrijk zijn opgericht, zijn zeer kostbaar. Dit komt vooral door de continue, aanvullende primaire dataverzameling door overheid en bedrijfsleven.
Food price monitoring and observatories: an exploration of costs and effects; Summary and Executive Summary
Oosterkamp, E.B. ; Logatcheva, K. ; Galen, M.A. van; Georgiev, E.S. - \ 2012
The Hague : LEI, part of Wageningen UR (LEI-memorandum : Markets & chains ) - 16
voedselprijzen - monitoring - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - voedsel - dierenwelzijn - dierlijke productie - prijsvorming - observatie - kosten - food prices - sustainability - food - animal welfare - animal production - price formation - observation - costs
The Ministry of Economic Affairs asked what the costs and effects of a food price observatory and more intensive price monitoring would be for the Netherlands. In the first instance, price observatories such as those which exist in Spain and France were considered. Face-to-face interviews were conducted in these countries with individuals involved in the observatories, but also with chain parties, in order to catalogue costs and effects. The Belgian Prices Observatory, the European 'Food Prices Monitoring Tool' and the price monitoring in Germany were examined in more general terms using the literature, the internet and presentations to the 'High Level Forum for a better functioning Food Supply Chain'. In order to be able to compare properly, Dutch price monitoring was also described. In a literature study, it was ascertained on the basis of economic theory what transparency means for pricing and which new approaches - in addition to the more 'standard analyses' - are used to study price transmission.
Market structure, price rigidity, and performance in the Indonesian food and beverages industry
Setiawan, M. - \ 2012
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Alfons Oude Lansink, co-promotor(en): Grigorios Emvalomatis. - [S.l.] : s.n. - ISBN 9789461733979 - 137
voedselproductie - voedselindustrie - voedingsmiddelen - dranken - drankenindustrie - economische ontwikkeling - marktstructuur - voedselprijzen - indonesië - ontwikkelingslanden - zuidoost-azië - food production - food industry - foods - beverages - beverage industry - economic development - market structure - food prices - indonesia - developing countries - south east asia

Keywords: industrial concentration, price rigidity, technical efficiency, price-cost margin, Structure-Conduct-Performance (SCP), new empirical industrial organization (NEIO), Indonesian food and beverages industry, Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), system of equations

The Indonesian food and beverages industry contributes significantly to the Indonesian GDP and is an important provider of employment. However, this industry is characterized by high industrial concentration which may affect pricing and performance. The objective of this thesis is to examine market structure, price rigidity, and performance as well as their relationship in the Indonesian food and beverages industry. To investigate the relationship between market structure, price rigidity, and performance, this research uses two main frameworks: Structure-Conduct-Performance (SCP) and new empirical industrial organization (NEIO).

This thesis uses firm-level (establishment) data of 59 subsectors of the food and beverages industry sourced from the manufacturing survey of the Bureau of Central Statistics (BPS) over the period 1995-2006. Econometric methods and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) are used to address the overall objective.

Empirical results show that industrial concentration converges to the same value across subsectors in the long run. Seven years after the introduction of the competition law in 1999, industrial concentration and price-cost margin are still high. Industrial concentration has a positive effect on the price-cost margin. Besides stopping the upward trend of the price-cost margin, the introduction of the 1999 competition law reduced the effect of industrial concentration on the price-cost margin. The results also suggest that there is only a one-way relationship between industrial concentration and technical efficiency with industrial concentration affecting technical efficiency negatively. Furthermore, this thesis finds evidence that high industrial concentration increases price flexibility with the speed of price adjustment being higher when costs go up than down in the concentrated subsectors. Finally, the results show that there is a simultaneous relationship between industrial concentration, price rigidity, technical efficiency, and price-cost margin. A bi-directional relationship between industrial concentration and price-cost margin was found.

Voedselprijzen en speculatie op agrarische termijnmarkten : literatuurstudie en interviews
Meijerink, G.W. ; Shutes, K. ; Herder, Anniek ; Gelder, J.W. - \ 2012
Den Haag : LEI, onderdeel van Wageningen UR (Rapport / LEI : Onderzoeksveld, Internationaal beleid ) - ISBN 9789086155675 - 105
basisproducten - landbouwproducten - agrarische handel - internationale handel - goederenmarkten - landbouwprijzen - termijnhandel - voedsel - speculatie - voedselprijzen - commodities - agricultural products - agricultural trade - international trade - commodity markets - agricultural prices - futures trading - food - speculation - food prices
Het LEI heeft informatie over kapitaalstromen op financiële termijnmarkten voor agrarische goederen bij elkaar gebracht. Daarnaast heeft het een literatuuronderzoek gedaan waarbij zowel kwantitatieve (21) als kwalitatieve (19) studies en opiniestukken zijn meegenomen. Het LEI heeft de literatuur zowel inhoudelijk samengevat als beoordeeld op kwaliteit. Daarnaast heeft het LEI op basis van beschikbare bronnen een overzicht gegeven van de mogelijke effecten van het beperken van derivatenhandel door middel van positielimieten. Profundo heeft een aantal pensioenfondsen en andere vermogensbeheerders (zoals banken) geïnterviewd om inzicht te krijgen over hun beleid en hun visie over financiële derivaten markten en voedselprijzen.
Geen doemscenario voor voedselprijzen
Woltjer, G.B. - \ 2011
Kennis Online 8 (2011)augustus. - p. 6 - 6.
marktconcurrentie - voedselproductie - voedselprijzen - energie - energiebeleid - market competition - food production - food prices - energy - energy policy
De prijzen voor energie en voedsel hebben invloed op elkaar. Onderzoekers van het LEI bekeken de effecten van de groeiende vraag, de opkomst van biobrandstoffen en stijgende productiekosten.
Marktinformatie voor landbouwbeleid
Bont, C.J.A.M. de; Kamphuis, B.M. - \ 2011
Den Haag : LEI, onderdeel van Wageningen UR (Rapport / LEI : Onderzoeksveld, Internationaal beleid ) - ISBN 9789086155217 - 50
landbouwbeleid - agrarische economie - economisch beleid - marktanalyse - informatiesystemen - prijsbeleid - landbouwprijzen - voedselprijzen - agricultural policy - agricultural economics - economic policy - market analysis - information systems - price policy - agricultural prices - food prices
In de afgelopen decennia heeft Nederland een goed functionerend systeem van landbouwmarkt- en prijsinformatie opgebouwd. Het systeem bestaat uit een omvangrijk netwerk van informanten en gebruikers. De informatie wordt gebruikt voor verschillende doeleinden: markinformatie voor bedrijven, overheidsbeleid, onderzoek en statistiek.
Speculant drijft voedselprijzen niet op
Meijerink, G.W. - \ 2011
Kennis Online 2011 (2011)14 juni. - p. 5 - 5.
voedselprijzen - markten - voedselzekerheid - agrarische handel - food prices - markets - food security - agricultural trade
G20-voorzitter Frankrijk wilde de speculatie op agrarische termijnmarkten aan banden leggen uit angst voor een opdrijvend effect op de voedselprijzen. Uit onderzoek van het LEI bleek dat die vrees ongegrond was. Met de onderzoeksresultaten in de hand kon Nederland haar internationale standpunt bepalen.
Price and prejudice: Why are food prices so high?
Meijerink, G.W. ; Berkum, S. van; Shutes, K. ; Solano, G. - \ 2011
The Hague : LEI, part of Wageningen UR (Report / LEI Wageningen UR : Research area International policy ) - ISBN 9789086155187 - 105
agrarische economie - voedselprijzen - landbouwproductie - biobrandstoffen - voedsel versus brandstof - prijsbepalende factoren - markten - biobased economy - agricultural economics - food prices - agricultural production - biofuels - food vs fuel - price determining factors - markets
Recent high food prices can be explained by tightening world markets. On the one hand, demand for food continues to increase with a growing and richer world population. Demand for biofuels has added to that demand. On the other hand, there have been several weather-induced supply shocks: drought and flooding, in a time when stocks were low. Three additional factors pushed up prices even more: - export bans were imposed by several countries; - the US exchange rate was weak; - oil prices were high.
Bedrijfskolom en marktstructuur van tomaten. Addendum bij 'Prijsvorming van voedingsproducten'
Galen, M.A. van; Ruijs, M.N.A. ; Dijkxhoorn, Y. ; Smit, P.X. - \ 2010
Den Haag : LEI, onderdeel van Wageningen UR, Den Haag (LEI-nota : Markt & ketens ) - 22
voedselprijzen - prijsvorming - tomaten - voedselproductie - agrarische handel - voedselketens - food prices - price formation - tomatoes - food production - agricultural trade - food chains
In 2009 heeft het LEI onderzoek uitgevoerd naar de prijsvorming van voedingsproducten (Bunte et al., 2009). Deze nota is een addendum bij het genoemde rapport en gaat specifiek in op de productiekolom van tomaten. Het doel van deze nota is niet de prijzen of prijstransmissie in de tomatenketen te onderzoeken, maar veeleer om de keten- en marktstructuur van de Nederlandse bedrijfskolom van tomaten in kaart te brengen en inzicht te verschaffen in de ontwikkelingen die een rol spelen bij de productie en afzet van tomaten. Het onderzoek is uitgevoerd in 2010.
Policy Recommendations from the 13th ICABR Conference on the Emerging Bioeconomy
Smyth, S.J. ; Falck-Zepeda, J.B. ; Gray, R.S. ; Nassem, A. ; Paarlberg, R. ; Phillips, P.W.B. ; Pray, C.E. ; Savastano, S. ; Scandizzo, P. ; Scatasta, S. ; Wesseler, J.H.H. ; Zilberman, D. - \ 2010
AgBioForum 13 (2010)2. - ISSN 1522-936X - p. 98 - 103.
voedselzekerheid - voedselprijzen - voedselveiligheid - beleid - biobased economy - voedsel versus brandstof - biobrandstoffen - consultancy - food security - food prices - food safety - policy - biobased economy - food vs fuel - biofuels - consultancy
The International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research held its 13th annual conference in Ravello, Italy in June 2009. The theme of the conference was the bioeconomy, and this topic was addressed through research presentations from academia, government, and industry. Numerous presentations from developing countries highlighted the benefits of agricultural biotechnology in these nations. The broad range of presentations provided a wealth of insights, resulting in three policy recommendations regarding future funding, international regulation, and technology transfer.
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