Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Trade effects of the EU-Morocco Association Agreement
    Berkum, S. van - \ 2013
    Den Haag : LEI, onderdeel van Wageningen UR (LEI report / LEI Wageningen UR 2013-070) - ISBN 9789086156634 - 40
    tuinbouw - internationale handel - handelsakkoorden - marktconcurrentie - handelsrelaties - marktprijzen - europese unie - marokko - horticulture - international trade - trade agreements - market competition - trade relations - market prices - european union - morocco
    This study investigates the effects of the 2012 amendment of the Protocol on EU imports of horticultural products from Morocco. Currently, Morocco’s exports of tomato, oranges and clementines outcompete EU’s main producers of these products in months during which Morocco’s supply is on the market. Expanded tariff free import quotas (TRQs) for tomatoes and clementines, and complete elimination of the TRQ for sweet oranges will not result in an immediate expansion of Morocco’s exports to the EU, but depend on Morocco’s ability to expand its production capacity for these products. Next to institutional reform, infrastructural investments and extension, improving water productivity is key in this respect.
    Prospects for Ukraine's agrifood sector; Implications for Dutch trade relations
    Bezlepkina, I. ; Berkum, S. van; Rau, M.L. - \ 2013
    The Hague : LEI, part of Wageningen UR (LEI report : Research area International policy ) - ISBN 9789086156382 - 100
    landbouwindustrie - agro-industriële sector - landbouwsector - voedsel - voedselketens - handelsrelaties - vrijhandel - ketenmanagement - agro-industriële ketens - landbouwbeleid - europese unie - oekraïne - agribusiness - agroindustrial sector - agricultural sector - food - food chains - trade relations - free trade - supply chain management - agro-industrial chains - agricultural policy - european union - ukraine
    A free trade agreement between the EU and Ukraine would help accelerate institutional improvements that are needed in Ukraine to better use the agri-food sector's potential. An improved business environment would support Dutch companies to explore the many opportunities offered by the present state and development potential of Ukraine's agri-food supply chain.
    Aquaculture business opportunities in Egypt
    Rothuis, A.J. ; Duijn, A.P. van; Roem, A.J. ; Ouwehand, A. ; Pijl, W. van der; Rurangwa, E. - \ 2013
    Wageningen : Wageningen UR (LEI report 2013-039) - 34
    aquacultuur - voedselproductie - voedselzekerheid - plattelandsontwikkeling - bedrijfseconomie - handelsrelaties - egypte - overheidsbeleid - nederland - aquaculture - food production - food security - rural development - business economics - trade relations - egypt - government policy - netherlands
    Egyptian fish farming has witnessed a spectacular development resulting in an industry that is number 7 worldwide and number 2 in tilapia production. As such the industry is an important contributor to Egypt's economy as well as a major provider of cheap fish protein. However there are a number of developments that potentially could result in a stagnation or even collapse of the industry.
    The Russian paradox: Great opportunities for Dutch companies in the Russian agri-food and horticultural sector
    Wijnands, J.H.M. ; Valeeva, N.I. ; Berkum, S. van - \ 2013
    LEI Wageningen UR
    tuinbouw - agro-industriële sector - landbouwindustrie - handelsrelaties - export - internationale handel - rusland - marktinformatie - horticulture - agroindustrial sector - agribusiness - trade relations - exports - international trade - russia - market intelligence
    Russia aims for improving its food security situation. Although it has abundant agricultural land and water resources, the country imports a significant share of the food it consumes. Despite recent modernisation, efficiency in the whole supply chain including food distribution needs further improvement to meet domestic food demand that continues to increase (both in quantity and quality terms) in parallel with economic growth. Major opportunities are available for the Dutch agribusiness sector, including exports of products and equipment as well as knowledge transfer via sales and direct implementation. The scale and scope of these opportunities have been carefully researched and explained by LEI Wageningen UR on assignment of the Ministry of Economic Affairs. The resulting report makes essential reading for all companies looking to do business in Russia today… and tomorrow. Here is a foretaste of what you can learn.
    Handelsrelaties in de aardappel- en varkenssector; De relatie tussen aanbieder en afnemer
    Janssens, S.R.M. ; Hoste, R. ; Baltussen, W.H.M. ; Bunte, F.H.J. - \ 2012
    Den Haag : LEI, onderdeel van Wageningen UR (LEI-rapport : Onderzoeksveld Markt & ketens ) - ISBN 9789086155705 - 65
    handelsrelaties - aardappelen - varkens - landbouwprijzen - risico - contractlandbouw - prijsvorming - marketingkanalen - trade relations - potatoes - pigs - agricultural prices - risk - contract farming - price formation - marketing channels
    De relaties tussen aanbieder en afnemers van agrarische producten zijn veelal langdurig. Telers en verwerkers van industrieaardappelen sluiten vaker rechtstreeks overeenkomsten met elkaar dan varkenshouders, die de afzet via de tussenhandel prefereren. Varkenshouders en aardappeltelers hebben beiden te maken met prijsrisico's. De meeste aardappeltelers kiezen voor gemak en zekerheid en sluiten jaarlijks contracten af, hoewel de prijs op de vrije markt gemiddeld hoger is. Middels een contract dekken aardappeltelers zich niet alleen in tegen prijsrisico's maar hebben ze ook afzetzekerheid. Prijsrisico's worden in de praktijk ook afgedekt via een mix van afzetvormen zoals vrije markt, poolcontracten en vaste prijscontracten. Varkenshouders dekken zich in tegenstelling tot akkerbouwers nauwelijks in tegen prijsrisico's. Zij handelen vrijwel volledig op basis van weekprijzen. In tegenstelling tot akkerbouwers handelen varkenshouders vrijwel niet op de termijnmarkt. Gewoonte en vertrouwen zijn belangrijke redenen waarom aanbieders niet snel van afnemer switchen. Bij de rechtstreekse overeenkomsten tussen aardappeltelers en verwerkers, speelt ook de zekerheid van grondstoffenvoorziening voor de verwerkende industrie een rol.
    Dairy sector development Indonesia : options for cooperation with the Netherlands
    Wouters, A.P. - \ 2009
    Lelystad : Animal Sciences Group (Rapport / Animal Sciences Group 193) - 23
    melkveehouderij - zuivelcoöperaties - melkproductie - verbetering - handelsrelaties - ontwikkelingsprojecten - indonesië - nederland - ketenmanagement - dairy farming - dairy cooperatives - milk production - improvement - trade relations - development projects - indonesia - netherlands - supply chain management
    The dairy supply chain in Indonesia is described with its limitations and options for improvements. An integrated and participative approach with the dairy cooperatives as entry point is proposed to improve milk production at farm level. The Netherlands could contribute via development of business relations and development projects.
    EU-India free trade agreement : a quantitative assessment
    Achterbosch, T.J. ; Kuiper, M.H. ; Roza, P. - \ 2008
    The Hague : LEI Wageningen UR (Rapport / LEI : Area 2, Development issues ) - ISBN 9789086152667 - 68
    handel - vrijhandel - internationale handel - handelspolitiek - liberalisering van de handel - handelsrelaties - voedselgranen - armoede - toegang - handelsonderhandelingen - wereldmarkten - handelsprotectie - india - europese unie - trade - free trade - international trade - trade policy - trade liberalization - trade relations - food grains - poverty - access - trade negotiations - world markets - trade protection - india - european union
    This report analyses the effects of a regional trade agreement (FTA) between the EU and India, for which negotiations are underway. The study starts with abrief overview of the key insights from the existing literature on FTAs and their relationship with multilateral negotiations. The remainder of the study is devoted to analysing the impact of tariff slashes under an FTA on merchandise trade between the EU and India. Of particular interest are the implications for agricultural markets, given the tension between agricultural liberalisation and India's policy goals relating to self-sufficiency in food grains and poverty reduction. The analysis employs GTAP, a global general equilibrium model using a recent database which has 2004 as its reference year. The results suggest that India's interests in a regional trade agreement with the EU are downplayed by the fact that India's economy is not well integrated in global markets. Impacts on the EU are minor and further reduced if a Doha agreement is in place when the FTA is implemented. Results indicate the rationale for a strongly asymmetric arrangement: it would be in the interest of both partners if the EU provides large concessions to India for market access, while India maintains the bulk of current border protection. An EU - India FTA delivers little scope for achieving efficiency gains via adjustments to the pattern of international specialisation. An EU - India agreement on merchandise trade is unlikely to embody substantial preferential treatment with regard to market access. Probably, India can find more suitable FTA partners. Agriculture is a key sector for India in the consideration of equity and growth purposes of a FTA with EU.
    Agrarische handel van België met ontwikkelingslanden; Toets op duurzaamheid
    Meijerink, G.W. ; Roza, P. ; Berkum, S. van - \ 2008
    Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (Rapport / LEI : Werkveld 1, Internationaal beleid ) - 137
    agrarische economie - agrarische handel - ontwikkelingslanden - ecologie - sociologie - bananen - cacao - koffie - sojabonen - thee - brazilië - costa rica - ivoorkust - tanzania - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - sociale economie - belgië - internationale handel - liberalisering van de handel - handelsrelaties - economische aspecten - agricultural economics - agricultural trade - developing countries - ecology - sociology - bananas - cocoa - coffee - soyabeans - tea - brazil - costa rica - cote d'ivoire - tanzania - sustainability - socioeconomics - belgium - international trade - trade liberalization - trade relations - economic aspects
    Deze studie voor het Vlaamse ministerie van Landbouw en Visserij belicht de economische, sociale en ecologische gevolgen van agrarische handel van België met ontwikkelingslanden. Het onderzoek spitst zich toe op een vijftal producten (banaan, cacao, koffie, soja en thee) en vier ontwikkelingslanden (Brazilië, Costa Rica, Ivoorkust en Tanzania). Het oordeel over de mate van duurzaamheid wordt gebaseerd op de vier landenstudies, uitgevoerd door lokale onderzoekers, waarbij een beperkt aantal indicatoren is meegenomen. Naar voren komt dat met name de twee Latijns Amerikaanse landen negatieve ecologische gevolgen van handel (in soja en banaan) ondervinden, en dat in de Afrikaanse landen de negatieve sociaal-economische aspecten de meeste aandacht vragen. This study for the Flemish Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries sheds light on the economic, social and ecological effects of Belgium's agricultural trade with developing countries. The study focuses on five products (bananas, cocoa, coffee, soya and tea) and four developing countries (Brazil, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire and Tanzania). The assessment of the level of sustainability is based on the four country studies, conducted by local researchers, and taking into account a limited number of indicators. It emerges that the two Latin American countries experience negative ecological effects of trade (in soya and bananas), and that in the African countries the negative social-economic aspects require most attention.
    Negociatrix policy game: building capacities in trade policy analysis
    Balie, J. ; Hofwegen, G. van; Jongeneel, R. ; Koning, N.B.J. - \ 2007
    Rome : FAO - Wageningen UR - 28
    internationale handel - handelspolitiek - computersimulatie - computer software - spellen - handelsonderhandelingen - handelsrelaties - voedsel- en landbouworganisatie - agrarische handel - besluitvorming - analyse van besluiten - handelsakkoorden - international trade - trade policy - computer simulation - computer software - games - trade negotiations - trade relations - food and agriculture organization - agricultural trade - decision making - decision analysis - trade agreements
    The Negociatrix Policy Game is a tool for training in multilateral negotiation, which has been developed through a partnership between FAO and the University of Wageningen in the Netherlands. This tool is a software based on a quantitative model and a simulation that consents to underline the importance of analytical capacities in negotiations and to demonstrate the importance of consistency of the strategies of negotiation. This software is applied to the multilateral trade negotiations for agriculture. It is inspired by the simulation called Negociatrix ( that FAO developed at an earlier stage (2005) and that has been presented at the Harvard PON/IRENE conference in November 2005 in Paris. The software allows simulating several successive rounds of negotiation and notably revealing after each round the impact of the agreement concluded to the previous round. In that sense, the strategy of negotiation adopted can be more directly evaluated. The software is conceived like a tool to support the preparation of decisions and negotiations. This article presents the structure of the software, explains how it works, comments the first application modalities and proposes the conditions of use.
    Between Safety and Commerce: How Sanitary Measures Affect Global Dairy Trade
    Achterbosch, T.J. - \ 2007
    Washington DC : International Food & Agricultural Trade Policy Council (IPC) (IPC issue brief 24) - 46
    agrarische economie - agrarische handel - zuivelindustrie - internationale handel - wereldhandelsorganisatie - hygiëne - handelssancties - handelsrelaties - embargo's - volksgezondheid - handelsbarrières - volksgezondheidsbevordering - normen - karteringen - agricultural economics - agricultural trade - dairy industry - international trade - world trade organization - hygiene - trade sanctions - trade relations - embargoes - public health - trade barriers - sanitation - standards - surveys
    Trade opportunities for Dutch agribusiness in Turkey and Israel
    Berkum, S. van; Kelholt, H.J. - \ 2007
    The Hague : LEI (Report / LEI : Domain 5, Chains ) - ISBN 9789086151950 - 82
    agrarische economie - agrarische handel - handelsrelaties - landbouwindustrie - export - investering - turkije - israël - nederland - agro-industriële ketens - agricultural economics - agricultural trade - trade relations - agribusiness - exports - investment - turkey - israel - netherlands - agro-industrial chains
    This study analyses the agricultural trade relations of the Netherlands with Turkey and with Israel, and investigates the present market positions of the Dutch agribusiness in the two countries. Based on a review of market and agri-food supply chain developments, opportunities for expansion of trade and strengthening of Dutch positions in these two countries are evaluated. The study points at the many export and/or investment opportunities in Turkey for Dutch agribusiness in food products and input supplies and services. At the same time, basic conditions in Israel are not conducive to booming export prospects for Dutch agribusiness companies. The study, conducted at the request of the Ministry of Landbouw Natuur en Voedselkwaliteit, may help the Ministry's desk in Ankara prioritising its activities in Turkey and Israel.
    Headquarters-subsidiary relationship governance in emerging markets of Central Eastern Europe : a study in Poland
    Gusc, J.S. - \ 2007
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Onno Omta, co-promotor(en): Harry Bremmers. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789085047582 - 215
    management - multinational corporations - investment - trade relations - transition economies - investment policy - entrepreneurship - businesses - administration - poland - central europe - corporate governance - bedrijfsvoering - multinationale corporaties - investering - handelsrelaties - overgangseconomieën - investeringsbeleid - ondernemerschap - bedrijven - bestuur - polen - centraal-europa - deugdelijk ondernemingsbestuur
    Multinational enterprises often seem to be on a ‘roller coaster’ when managing their operations in transition economies, especially because of the volatile business and political environment. The study analyses the subtle equilibrium between formal control and day-to-day coordination in the Headquarters-Subsidiary (HQ-S) relationship of more than 70 subsidiaries of large multinational companies in Poland, taking the cultural differences between the headquarters and subsidiary country into account. It is concluded that in the best performing multinationals, strategic and operational control mechanisms are tightly organised, building a platform on which intensive coordination and attuning occurs to deal with the day-to-day management challenges. Interestingly, also for entering new markets, a prospector strategy focusing on innovation shows better results than copying of competitors. However, it also reveals that there is no simple and uniform recipe for managing subsidiaries. The road from governance to performance is not a one-way street, creating flexibility and learning capabilities at the subsidiary level clearly contribute to the success of international operations.
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