Entomofauna van Flevoland : Verslag van de 164e zomerbijeenkomst te Kraggenburg
Cuppen, J.G.M. - \ 2015
Entomologische Berichten 70 (2015)6. - ISSN 0013-8827 - p. 190 - 212.
heteroptera - coleoptera - isopoda - diploptera - insecten - inventarisaties - ecologische entomologie - natuurgebieden - flevoland - heteroptera - coleoptera - isopoda - diploptera - insects - inventories - ecological entomology - natural areas - flevoland
Op terreinen van Staatsbosbeheer, Natuurmonumenten en Flovolandschap is een inventarisatie uitgevoerd door 36 leden van de NEV. De gebieden die onderzocht zijn: Kuinderbos, Urkerbos, Voorsterbos, Harderbos, Knarbos, Winkelse Zand en Harderbroek. In dit artikel worden gedetailleerd de vindplaatsen geïnventariseerd, met daarnaast uitvoerige beschrijvingen van de gevonden soorten
Life-history analysis of Thaumastocoris peregrinus in a newly designed mass rearing strategy
Martínez, G. ; López, L. ; Cantero, G. ; González, A. ; Dicke, M. - \ 2014
Bulletin of Insectology 67 (2014)2. - ISSN 1721-8861 - p. 199 - 205.
noackae hymenoptera mymaridae - hemiptera thaumastocoridae - biological-control - invasive pest - 1st record - eucalyptus - heteroptera - brazil
The bronze bug, Thaumastocoris peregrinus Carpintero et Dellape (Heteroptera Thaumastocoridae), is one of the most important emerging pests of Eucalyptus LHeritier plantations worldwide. In the development of strategies to control this pest, establishing effective rearing protocols is fundamental to future research programs. We assessed life-history parameters of the bronze bug in a newly designed mass rearing strategy. Separated units were set up to contain different developmental stages. Egg production by females reared on commonly found Eucalyptus grandis Hill ex Maiden and Eucalyptus tereticornis Smith was evaluated in order to determine which plant species to use in rearing. Females laid more eggs on E. tereticornis than on E. grandis, so the former species was chosen for the rearing. A cohort of 207 eggs was followed in Petri dishes until the last individual died or reached the adult stage. We followed egg production by 15 adult couples from the original cohort. Preparation of 150-200 dishes with hatching eggs per week allows for an average production of 7,500 eggs per week. Under our rearing conditions, eggs started hatching on day six, and the first adults were obtained 23 days after oviposition. Almost half of the eggs did not hatch, and the highest nymphal mortality was recorded in the second instar, while the lowest mortality occurred in the last instar. We discuss the relevance of this mass rearing strategy, both within the context of basic behavioural studies of T. peregrinus, and as a tool for the mass rearing of the biological control agent, Cleruchoides noackae Lin et Huber.
Development and thermal requirements of the Nearctic predator Geocoris punctipes (Hemiptera: Geocoridae) reared at constant and alternating temperatures and fed on Anagasta kuehniella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) eggs
Calixto, A.M. ; Bueno, V.H.P. ; Montes, F.C. ; Lenteren, J.C. van - \ 2014
European Journal of Entomology 111 (2014)4. - ISSN 1210-5759 - p. 521 - 528.
biological-control agents - insidiosus say hemiptera - orius-insidiosus - tuta absoluta - life-history - prey - anthocoridae - heteroptera - lygaeidae - insect
Knowledge of the optimal temperatures for development and survival of biological control agents is essential for efficient mass-rearing and introduction of natural enemies in augmentative biological control programs. We studied the effect of constant and alternating temperatures on development and survival of immature stages and the sex ratio at emergence of adults of the Nearctic generalist predator Geocoris punctipes (Say). We also determined its thermal requirements. They were reared in climatic chambers at alternating (21/11°C, 24/18°C, 27/21°C and 30/26°C ± 1°C) and constant temperatures (16.8°C, 21.5°C, 24.5°C and 28.3°C ± 1°C), RH 70 ± 10% and a 14 h photophase. Survival and development of G. punctipes were the same when reared at constant and alternating temperatures. Five instars were recorded in all temperature regimes. The duration of the egg stage and each instar, as well as that of total larval development were longer, and larval survival lower when reared at 16.8°C, 21/11°C, 21.5°C and 24/18°C than at 24.5°C, 27/21°C, 28.3°C and 30/26°C. The optimal temperature range for development and survival of G. punctipes is 24.5°C to 30°C, its lower development threshold temperature is 13.5°C and its thermal constant 295.9 DD. Sex ratios were not significantly different from 1 : 1 male : female ratio in all temperature regimes. There is an excellent match between the temperature regimes at which the prey Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) and predator G. punctipes are active, which indicates that this predator will function well in crops where this pest is present.
Increased control of thrips and aphids in greenhouses with two species of generalist predatory bugs involved in intraguild predation
Messelink, G.J. ; Janssen, A. - \ 2014
Biological Control 79 (2014). - ISSN 1049-9644 - p. 1 - 7.
macrolophus-pygmaeus hemiptera - biological-control - myzus-persicae - nesidiocoris-tenuis - tuta-absoluta - pepper plants - prey - heteroptera - miridae - communities
The combined release of species of generalist predators can enhance multiple pest control when the predators feed on different prey, but, in theory, predators may be excluded through predation on each other. This study evaluated the co-occurrence of the generalist predators Macrolophus pygmaeus Rambur and Orius laevigatus (Fieber) and their control of two pests in a sweet pepper crop. Both predators consume pollen and nectar in sweet pepper flowers, prey on thrips and aphids, and O. laevigatus is an intraguild predator of M. pygmaeus. Observations in a commercial sweet pepper crop in a greenhouse with low densities of pests showed that the two predator species coexisted for 8 months. Moreover, their distributions in flowers suggested that they were neither attracted to each other, nor avoided or excluded each other. A greenhouse experiment showed that the predators together clearly controlled thrips and aphids better than each of them separately. Thrips control was significantly better in the presence of O. laevigatus and aphid control was significantly better in the presence of M. pygmaeus. Hence, combined inoculative releases of M. pygmaeus and O. laevigatus seem to be a good solution for controlling both thrips and aphids in greenhouse-grown sweet pepper. The predators are able to persist in one crop for a sufficiently long period and they complement each other in the control of both pests. This study also provides further evidence that intraguild predation does not necessarily have negative effects on biological control.
Effect of different diets on reproduction, longevity and predation capacity of Orius insidiosus (Say) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae)
Calixto, A.M. ; Bueno, V.H.P. ; Montes, F.C. ; Silva, A.C. ; Lenteren, J.C. van - \ 2013
Biocontrol Science and Technology 23 (2013)11. - ISSN 0958-3157 - p. 1245 - 1255.
western flower thrips - occidentalis pergande thysanoptera - frankliniella-occidentalis - biological-control - prey preference - omnivorous bug - o-laevigatus - sweet-pepper - heteroptera - fitness
Orius insidiosus is a generalist predator for which diet influences important biological traits like reproduction and predation. We tested the effects of different diets alone or in combination on reproduction, longevity and predation capacity of this predator. The diets tested were: no food (control); pollen; Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) nymphs and adults; F. occidentalis nymphs and adults and pollen; Anagasta kuehniella (Zeller) eggs; A. kuehniella eggs and pollen; A. kuehniella eggs; F. occidentalis nymphs and adults and A. kuehniella eggs, F. occidentalis nymphs and adults and pollen. The pre-oviposition period was shortest when the diet consisted of pollen and prey (A. kuehniella and/or F. occidentalis), of the two prey species together or of only A. kuehniella eggs. The highest values for the length of the oviposition period (50.1, 48.0, 46.3 and 46.1 days), daily fecundity (3.8, 3.9, 4.0 and 4.2 eggs/female/day), total fecundity (190.3, 187.7 185.2 and 193.6 eggs/female) and longevity (52.1, 49.9, 48.7 and 48.0 days) were found with diets consisting of only A. kuehniella eggs. Pollen did not improve any of the performance parameters of the predator when offered exclusively or as a complementary food. The results show that selection of a proper diet can strongly improve reproduction, longevity and predation capacity of O. insidiosus. An important finding is that A. kuehniella eggs, which can easily be produced in large quantities, are an excellent factitious prey for mass production of O. insidiosus.
Schadelijke wantsen en roofwantsen
Linden, Anton van der - \ 2011
hemiptera - heteroptera - augmentation - reduviidae - insects - biology - growers
A comparative study on the functional response of Wolbachia-infected and uninfected forms of the parasitoid wasp Trichogramma brassicae
Farrokhi, S. ; Ashouri, A. ; Shirazi, J. ; Allahyari, H. ; Huigens, M.E. - \ 2010
Journal of Insect Science 10 (2010). - ISSN 1536-2442 - 11 p.
biological-control - ostrinia-nubilalis - quality assessment - host-plant - hymenoptera - eggs - parthenogenesis - coccinellidae - pentatomidae - heteroptera
Trichogramma species (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) are haplo-diploid egg parasitoids that are frequently used as biological control agents against lepidopteran pests. These wasps display two reproductive modes, including arrhenotoky (bisexuality) and thelytoky (unisexuality). Thelytokous forms are often associated with the presence of endosymbiotic Wolbachia bacteria. The use of thelytokous wasps has long been considered as a way to enhance the efficacy of biological control. The present study investigates the potential of a thelytokous Wolbachiainfected and an arrhenotokous uninfected Trichogramma brassicae Bezdenko strain as inundative biocontrol agents by evaluating their functional response towards different egg densities of the factitious host, the Angoumois grain moth, Sitotroga cerealella (Olivier) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). The results revealed a type II functional response for both strains in which parasitism efficiency decreases with host egg density because of an increasing host handling time. A model with an indicator variable was used to compare the parameters of Holling’s disc equation in different data sets. It was demonstrated that the two strains did not differ in host attack rate. However, the Wolbachia-infected strain did have an increased host handling time when compared to the bisexual strain. Some applied aspects of the findings are discussed
Dekkers, Dorine - \ 2009
heteroptera - insects - hemiptera - determination - identification - zoogeography - keys - netherlands
Phenotypic plasticity of elytron length in wingless two-spot ladybird beetles Adalia bipunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)
Lommen, S.T.E. ; Jong, P.W. de; Brakefield, P.M. - \ 2005
European Journal of Entomology 102 (2005)3. - ISSN 1210-5759 - p. 553 - 556.
nigropilosus uzel thysanoptera - drosophila-melanogaster - canalization - temperature - cricket - form - polymorphism - populations - heteroptera - characters
Winglessness in the two-spot ladybird beetle Adalia bipunctata (L.) is determined by a single locus with the wingless allele recessive to the winged wildtype allele. The expression of the wingless trait is highly variable, with individuals missing a variable part of elytra and flight wings; the elytra and wings appear to be truncated rather than miniature in form. The degree of winglessness is partly determined genetically. Here we report on the phenotypic plasticity of the degree of winglessness. The environmental effect on elytron length relative to maximal elytron length in wingless phenotypes was studied by rearing offspring of single pair crosses of this form at a low (19°C) or high (29°C) temperature. Offspring reared at 19°C showed relatively longer elytra than those reared at 29°C
De wantsen van de Bemelerberg
Bos, F.G. ; Aukema, B. ; Heijerman, Th. - \ 2005
Natuurhistorisch Maandblad 64 (2005)1. - ISSN 0028-1107 - p. 7 - 9.
heteroptera - inventarisaties - natuurreservaten - zuid-limburg - heteroptera - inventories - nature reserves - zuid-limburg
Bespreking van een inventarisatie in 2003 en een vergelijking van de resultaten met eerdere jaren. Op grond hiervan is bekeken wat er is veranderd en of het huidige beheer van dit natuurreservaat kan worden verbeterd
Het effect van chemische gewasbeschermingsmiddelen op biologische bestrijders - Deel 1: Laboratoriumtoetsen met roofmijten en roofwantsen; Deel 2: Veldtoetsen met de roofwants Orius laevigatus
Staaij, M. van der; Hamelink, R. ; Holstein, R. van; Slooten, M.A. van; Vellekoop, C.E. - \ 2003
Naaldwijk : PPO B.U. Glastuinbouw (Rapporten PPO BU Glastuinbouw ) - 83
biologische bestrijding - roofmijten - heteroptera - experimenten - effecten - chemische bestrijding - teelt onder bescherming - biological control - predatory mites - heteroptera - experiments - effects - chemical control - protected cultivation
Mate location in the green capsid bug, Lygocoris pabulinus
Drijfhout, F.P. ; Groot, A.T. ; Beek, T.A. van; Visser, J.H. - \ 2003
Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 106 (2003). - ISSN 0013-8703 - p. 73 - 77.
chemical ecology - sex-pheromone - hydrocarbons - heteroptera - behavior - biochemistry - pollination - copulation - courtship - miridae
Headspace extracts from female Lygocoris pabulinus ( L.) ( Heteroptera: Miridae) as well as female leg extracts attracted male L. pabulinus in Y-track olfactometer bioassays. In contrast, only female leg extracts were active in the vibration bioassay. Male extracts had no activity at all in either bioassay. When the female leg extract was analysed by coupled gas chromatography-electroantennography (Z)-9-pentacosene and (Z)-7-pentacosene were EAD-active. (Z)-9-Pentacosene and sometimes (Z)-7-pentacosene were also observed in female headspace extracts. EAG responses could be obtained for (Z)-9-pentacosene. A mixture of (Z)-9-pentacosene and (Z)-7-pentacosene in the ratio 5 : 1 elicited vibration behaviour in males. The results indicate that these alkenes are important cues for male L. pabulinus in mate location behaviour.
Evaluation of Orius species for biological control of Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
Tommasini, M.G. - \ 2003
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Joop van Lenteren. - [S.I.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789058089007 - 215
frankliniella occidentalis - thysanoptera - insectenplagen - orius - heteroptera - anthocoridae - biologische bestrijding - diapauze - organismen ingezet bij biologische bestrijding - frankliniella occidentalis - thysanoptera - insect pests - orius - heteroptera - anthocoridae - biological control - biological control agents - diapause
Key words: Thysanoptera, Frankliniella occidentalis, Heteroptera, Orius leavigatu, Orius majusculu, Orius niger, Orius insidiosus, Biology, Diapause, Biological control.
The overall aim of this research was to develop a biological control programme for F. occidentalis through the selection of an efficient beneficial arthropod. First, a general review of the literature about thrips pest species in Europe and in particular of Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Western Flower Thrips) was made. Information regarding the biology, distribution, host plants of thrips and damage induced by this pest species were discussed and summarized. The main candidates as natural enemies for control of thrips emerging from this literature study and from an evaluation of all present data, were Anthocoridae, and, thus, further research was directed towards Anthocorid predators of the genus Orius (Rhyncota: Heteroptera) ( chapter 1 ).
Next, of the genus Orius , the most common species of the Mediterranean regions of Europe were chosen as candidates for biological control of F. occidentalis . Orius predators were collected in several areas in Italy on 36 plant species infested by thrips. The most common species were O. niger Wolff, O. laevigatus (Fieber) and O. majusculus (Reuter). No clear host-plant preferences of these Orius species were recorded ( chapter 2 ).
Consequently, biological characteristics and predation activity of four Orius species (the palaeartic O. majusculus , O. laevigatus and O. niger and the neartic O. insidiosus , an exotic species that was earlier released in Italy) were determined by laboratory experiments using two prey species: Ephestia kuehniella (Zell.) eggs and Frankliniella occidentalis adults. Preimaginal mortality, development time, sex-ratio, pre-oviposition period, longevity, fecundity, and predation during the instar stages and the adult stage were measured. The intrinsic rates of natural increase (r m) and the kill rates (k m= ln k 0/t k) for all four Orius species was determined. The k mwas 0.23 for O. laevigatus , 0.21 for O. majusculus , 0.25 for O. insidiosus , 0.19 for O. niger , respectively. In all species, the females that fed on E. kuehniella showed greater longevity and higher reproduction than those fed on F. occidentalis . Most data for the neartic O. insidiosus were similar to those of O. laevigatus and O. majusculus . Mass rearings of O. insidiosus , O. laevigatus and O. majusculus were successfully developed, while O. niger appeared difficult to rear. Based on these data, it was concluded that O. laevigatus might be the best candidate for control of thrips ( chapter 3 ).
No data were available about the occurrence of diapause in O. laevigatus . As thrips pest occur early in the season, it is important to use natural enemies that do not go into diapause. The possibility of inducing a reproductive diapause in this palearctic species was therefore investigated in the laboratory using two strains: strain N collected in northern Italy (Po Valley) and strain S collected in southern Italy (Sicily). The influence of photoperiod on Orius eggs was studied. Development time, adult emergence, sex ratio, pre-oviposition period, fecundity, and the presence of mature oocytes were recorded. The two strains of O. laevigatus showed to have a different way of overwintering: in the northern strain part of the population undergoes a weak reproductive diapause, while for the southern strain overwintering could best be described as quiescence ( chapter 4 ).
Finally, the capacity of O. laevigatus to control thrips pests ( F. occidentalis and T. tabaci ) was studied by releases of this predator in two vegetable crops in commercial greenhouses, sweet pepper and eggplant. The releases of the pirate bugs were made as soon as thrips were detected, resulted in early establishment of the predator, in an interaction between prey and predator at low population densities and often in sufficient control of the pest ( chapter 5 and 6 ).
In conclusion, the southern Italian strain of O. laevigatus showed to be an efficient natural enemy of thrips and F. occidentalis . This natural enemy is currently produced and commercially used on large scale in Europe to control thrips species in vegetable and ornamental crops, mostly in protected crops ( chapter 7 ).
Multistage functional responses in a ladybeetle-aphid system: scaling up from the laboratory to the field
Xia, J.Y. ; Rabbinge, R. ; Werf, W. van der - \ 2003
Environmental Entomology 32 (2003). - ISSN 0046-225X - p. 151 - 162.
podisus-maculiventris say - simulation-models - random-search - temperature - pentatomidae - heteroptera - coleoptera - homoptera - bionomics - gossypii
Experiments and models are described that quantify the functional responses of the larval and adult stages of the sevenspot ladybeetle, Coccinella septempunctata L. toward mixed stage populations of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover, in cotton. In the laboratory, functional responses were measured for five beetle stages and three size groups of prey at five temperatures (15 to 35degreesC). The 75 resulting functional responses were each characterized by a search rate (cm(2)/ predator/d) and a handling rate (prey/ predator/ d). Both search and handling rates increased with predator stage. Search rates increased, while handling rates decreased, with prey size. Search rate increased linearly with temperature, while handling rate showed an optimum response to temperature. Field cage studies were conducted to verify whether the search rates determined in the laboratory were valid under field conditions. Search rates of predators derived from observations in field cages yielded parameter estimates that were similar to those found in the laboratory. A comprehensive model, allowing for effects of temperature, stage distribution of the aphid population, and plant leaf area on predation rate, was then constructed to calculate predation by larvae and adults of C. septempunctata on multi stage populations of prey. This model gave good correspondence to the cage observations if two-sided leaf area was input into the model as search substrate for the predator. The model appears suitable for calculating predation rates of C. septempunctata on A. gossypii under field conditions. A sensitivity analysis of the functional response model shows the crucial effect of crop leaf area on predation.
Wantsen in komkommer, paprika en aubergine : een inventarisatie van nuttige en schadelijke soorten, verspreiding in Nederland en schadesymptomen
Messelink, G. ; Steenpaal, S. van - \ 2002
Naaldwijk : Praktijkonderzoek Plant & Omgeving, Sector Glastuinbouw (PPO 563) - 31
heteroptera - distributie - nederland - komkommers - aubergines - oogstschade - paprika - heteroptera - distribution - netherlands - cucumbers - aubergines - crop damage - sweet peppers
Kasteelten van komkommer, paprika en aubergine hebben jaarlijks te maken met invlieg van schadelijke wantsen. Daarnaast worden nuttige wantsen als Orius spp. of Macrolophus caliginosus uitgezet en kunnen nuttige roofwantsen een kas binnenvliegen en zich daar vestigen. In dit onderzoek is geïnventariseerd welke schadelijke en nuttige wantsen kunnen optreden. Dit is gedaan met behulp van een enquête onder voorlichters en met lichtvallen in eco-teelten en bezoeken aan bedrijven. Vervolgens zijn van de drie belangrijkste schadelijke wantsen de schade geprovoceerd op jonge planten van komkommer, paprika en aubergine om een goede omschrijving van de symptomen te kunnen maken. De drie besproken wantsen zijn de "behaarde wants" Lygus rugulipennis, "groene appelwants" Lygocoris pabulinus en de "brandnetelwants" Liocoris tripustulatus. Tevens is in literatuur gekeken naar mogelijkheden voor biologische bestrijding en signalering van wantsen. Deze publicatie is voorzien van vele afbeeldingen en kleurenfoto’s die het herkennen van wantsen en aantastingen kunnen vereenvoudigen
De laatste Limburgse populatie van de beekschaatsenrijder door beheer bedreigd.
Wasscher, M. ; Cuppen, J.G.M. - \ 1991
Natuurhistorisch Maandblad 80 (1991)3. - ISSN 0028-1107 - p. 57 - 62.
waterinsecten - kanalen - heteroptera - hydrologie - rivieren - waterlopen - waterbeheer - watervoorraden - waterwegen - limburg - aquatic insects - canals - heteroptera - hydrology - rivers - streams - water management - water resources - waterways - limburg
De achteruitgang [van de natuur in Nederland] in beeld : de beekschaatsenrijder
Higler, L.W.G. - \ 1989
Natuur en Milieu 13 (1989)2. - ISSN 0166-2570 - p. 11 - 11.
dieren - waterinsecten - schade - milieu - fauna - heteroptera - nederland - waterverontreiniging - menselijke invloed - animals - aquatic insects - damage - environment - fauna - heteroptera - netherlands - water pollution - human impact
|Waterkevers, oppervlakte- en waterwantsen van de natuurreservaten 'De Krochten' en 'Lange Gooren' (gemeente Zundert)
Cuppen, J.G.M. - \ 1985
Wageningen : Cuppen - 12
hydrobiologie - classificatie - heteroptera - waterinsecten - coleoptera - waterdieren - zoet water - natuurreservaten - nationale parken - nederland - noord-brabant - binnenwateren - hydrobiology - classification - heteroptera - aquatic insects - coleoptera - aquatic animals - fresh water - nature reserves - national parks - netherlands - noord-brabant - inland waters
|Topsterfte van Corsicaanse den (Pinus nigra ssp. Laricio) veroorzaakt door de denneschorswants (Aradus cinnamomeus Panz.) : rapport van het onderzoek over de periode 1969 t/m 1981
Blok, H. ; Tol, G. van - \ 1982
Wageningen : De Dorschkamp (Rapport / Rijksinstituut voor Onderzoek in de Bos- en Landschapsbouw "De Dorschkamp" no. 293) - 53
bosbouw - bomen - heteroptera - afsterving - mortaliteit - knoppen - bladeren - scheuten - bosschade - insecten - insectenplagen - forestry - trees - heteroptera - dieback - mortality - buds - leaves - shoots - forest damage - insects - insect pests
Evolutionary trends in Heteroptera. Part II Mouthpart-structures and feeding strategies
Cobben, R.H. - \ 1978
Wageningen : Veenman (Mededelingen Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 78-5) - 407
heteroptera - dieranatomie - morfologie - dierfysiologie - evolutie - biologische ontwikkeling - monddelen - heteroptera - mouthparts - animal anatomy - morphology - animal physiology - evolution - biological development