Hydrosocial territories, agro-export and water scarcity : capitalist territorial transformations and water governance in Peru’s coastal valleys
Damonte, Gerardo ; Boelens, Rutgerd - \ 2019
Water International 44 (2019)2. - ISSN 0250-8060 - p. 206 - 223.
agro-export - food security - hydrosocial territory - Ica - Peru - rural-urban relationships - Water governance
In recent decades, an agro-export boom has deeply transformed Peru’s coastal valleys, resulting in dramatic territorial changes and social inequality in the Ica Valley. This article explains how politico-economic and socio-institutional forces have triggered the emergence of a new ‘hydrosocial territory’, transforming the Ica Valley into a virtual-water extraction zone that produces luxury export crops for the North and China. In addition, it shows how these territorial reconfigurations have led to ecological damage, water scarcity and increasing rural–urban inequality sustained by a hegemonic development discourse that supports agribusiness-elite territorial dominance and discourages social unrest.
Diverging realities: how framing, values and water management are interwoven in the Albufera de Valencia wetland in Spain
Hulshof, Mieke ; Vos, Jeroen - \ 2016
Water International 41 (2016)1. - ISSN 0250-8060 - p. 107 - 124.
Albufera de Valencia - framing - hydrosocial territory - Spain - values - water management - wetland
The Albufera de Valencia is a coastal wetland in south-eastern Spain that has suffered from low water quality since the 1970s. This article explores two divergent framings or imaginaries of the Albufera as a hydrosocial territory. The first, the agro-economic waterscape framing, focuses on the economic and cultural importance of rice production. The second, the idyllic waterscape framing, emphasizes environmental values. The agro-economic waterscape frame is dominant in current water management. Stakeholders deploy highly diverging realities, and the political playing field is not level. Recognition and empowerment are the first steps towards more sustainable water management in the Albufera.