Trust and hidden conflict in participatory natural resources management: The case of the Pendjari national park (PNP) in Benin
Idrissou Aboubacary, L. ; Paassen, A. van; Aarts, N. ; Vodouhè, S. ; Leeuwis, C. - \ 2013
Forest Policy and Economics 27 (2013). - ISSN 1389-9341 - p. 65 - 74.
critical discourse analysis - organizational trust - integrative model - distrust - realities - future
This paper investigated how and why the issue of trust building between the park direction and the local communities gave way to a hidden conflict in the participatory management of the Pendjari national park (PNP) in Benin, and how it was managed. The findings revealed that calculus-based trust was built at the beginning of the process and enabled an improved relationship and collaboration between the park direction and local communities, and a subsequent raise of wildlife in the park. However, dysfunctional use of the trust built led to the emergence of distrust, which evolved into conflict. This conflict was hidden by the illusion of peaceful relationships between the stakeholders as pursued in common meetings. It was noticeable only through accusations on each other, including the shift of responsibility for solving the conflict when discussing the management separately with the different stakeholders. We conclude that (dis)trust should not be looked as a static/cognitive state, but as a dynamic frame that may be strategically used in interaction.
Replacement of meat by meat substitutes. A survey on person- and product-related factors in consumer acceptance
Hoek, A.C. ; Luning, P.A. ; Weijzen, P. ; Engels, W. ; Kok, F.J. ; Graaf, C. de - \ 2011
Appetite 56 (2011)3. - ISSN 0195-6663 - p. 662 - 673.
food choice questionnaire - consumption frequency - integrative model - life-style - neophobia - attitudes - motives - familiar - quality - vegetarianism
What does it take to increase the consumption of meat substitutes and attract new consumers? We identified main barriers and drivers by a consumer survey (n = 553) in the U.K. and the Netherlands. Person-related factors (food neophobia and food choice motives) and product-related attitudes and beliefs towards meat and meat substitutes were compared between non-users (n = 324), light/medium-users (n = 133) and heavy-users of meat substitutes (n = 96). Consumer acceptance was largely determined by the attitudes and beliefs towards meat substitutes and food neophobia. Key barriers for non-users and light/medium-users were the unfamiliarity with meat substitutes and the lower sensory attractiveness compared to meat. In addition, non-users had a higher tendency to avoid new foods. Hence, the less consumers were using meat substitutes, the more they wanted these products to be similar to meat. Although non-users and light/medium-users did recognize the ethical and weight-control aspects of meat substitutes, this was obviously less relevant to them. Actually, only heavy-users had high motivations to choose ethical foods, which explains their choice for meat substitutes. In order to make meat substitutes more attractive to meat consumers, we would not recommend to focus on communication of ethical arguments, but to significantly improve the sensory quality and resemblance to meat.
Potentials and pitfalls for nutrition counselling in general practice
Verheijden, M.W. ; Bakx, J.C. ; Weel, C. van; Staveren, W.A. van - \ 2005
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 59 (2005)Suppl.1. - ISSN 0954-3007 - p. S122 - S129.
coronary-heart-disease - primary-care physicians - dietary-fat intake - transtheoretical model - integrative model - behavior-change - increased risk - prevention - health - intervention
This paper was based on collaborative research efforts from Wageningen University and the University Medical Centre St Radboud in The Netherlands and describes the rationale for web-based nutrition counselling applications in general practice as well as some of the frequently used models and theories (predominantly the Stages of Change Model). General practitioners can play an important role in cardiovascular risk reduction by giving nutrition counselling to patients at elevated cardiovascular risk. Unfortunately, general practitioners perceive barriers that may limit their nutrition counselling practices. Some of these barriers may be overcome using computer and Internet technologies. Computerized reminders for preventive services, and websites with reliable high-quality information may prove to be valuable additions to usual care. Cooperation with dieticians may also lead to improvements in nutrition counselling in general practice. For example, general practitioners could use their unique position to create awareness and motivation among patients. They could subsequently refer motivated patients to dieticians for detailed personal dietary advice.
GPs' assessment of patients' readiness to change diet, activity and smoking
Verheijden, M.W. ; Bakx, J.C. ; Delemarre, I.C.G. ; Wanders, A.J. ; Woudenbergh, N.M. van; Bottema, B.J. ; Weel, C. van; Staveren, W.A. van - \ 2005
British Journal of General Practice 55 (2005)515. - ISSN 0960-1643 - p. 452 - 457.
coronary-heart-disease - physical-activity - transtheoretical model - integrative model - general-practice - behavior-change - increased risk - primary-care - fat intake - stage
The Stages of Change Model is increasingly used for lifestyle counselling. In general practice, the use of algorithms to measure stage of change is limited, but for successful counselling it is important to know patients' readiness to change. Aim: To assess the accuracy of the assessment of patients' readiness to change fat consumption, physical activity, and smoking by GPs and general practice registrars. Design of Study: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey. Setting: One hundred and ninety-nine patients at elevated cardiovascular risk aged 40-70 years, 24 GPs, and 21 registrars in Dutch general practices. Method: Patients were asked to complete an algorithm to measure their motivation to change fat consumption, physical activity, and smoking. GPs and registrars were given descriptions of the stages of change for the three lifestyles, and were asked to indicate the description that matched their patient. Cohen's ¿ was calculated as measure of agreement between patients and GPs/registrars. Results: Registrars' patients were younger, and less often overweight and hypertensive than GPs' patients. Cohen's ¿ for smoking was moderate (0.50, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.34 to 0.67 for GPs and 0.47, CI = 0.27 to 0.68 for registrars). Agreement for fat and activity was poor to fair. No differences in accuracy were observed between GPs and registrars (P = 0.07-0.83). Conclusions: Low accuracy indicates that counselling in general practice is often targeted at the wrong people at the wrong time. Improvements can possibly be achieved by making registration of lifestyle parameters in patient records common practice, and by simply asking patients where they stand in respect to lifestyle change