|A fruitful coperation of urban meteorology and design
Cortesão, J. ; Lenzholzer, S. ; Klok, Lisette ; Jacobs, C.M.J. ; Kluck, Jeroen - \ 2018
urban climate - interdisciplinary research - urban design
Systems analysis of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae to improve vaccine production
Kamminga, Tjerko - \ 2017
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): V.A.P. Martins dos Santos, co-promotor(en): P.J. Schaap; J.J.E. Bijlsma. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463436519 - 152
interdisciplinary research - molecular biology - mycoplasma hyopneumoniae - vaccines - systems biology - systems analysis - pigs - pneumonia - animals - interdisciplinair onderzoek - moleculaire biologie - mycoplasma hyopneumoniae - vaccins - systeembiologie - systeemanalyse - varkens - longontsteking - dieren
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) is a bacterial pathogen that has evolved from a gram-positive ancestor and specifically colonizes the lower respiratory tract of pigs where it causes enzootic pneumonia and plays a major role in the development of respiratory disease in pigs. Whole-cell inactivated vaccines are available that lower the severity of disease and are widely applied in pig industry to prevent clinical signs and improve pig herd health. However, production of these vaccines is challenging because it is not known which bacterial components are needed for protection and complex cultivation media are needed because growth requirements are not completely understood. The aim of this thesis was to understand growth and survival strategies of M. hyopneumoniae during infection, to integrate this knowledge with metabolic modeling under conditions used for vaccine production and apply this knowledge to improve the current production process for M. hyopneumoniae vaccines.
Chapter 1 provides a general introduction into the disease, treatment and prevention methods with a focus on vaccines. I then introduce the characteristics of the M. hyopneumoniae genome, transcriptome and review the current knowledge on infectious mechanisms and the response of the pig to infection and vaccination. Finally, I discuss the challenges related to vaccine production and introduce systems biology tools that will be applied in the thesis. In chapter 2 we define a strategy for risk-based process development of bacterial vaccines which provided the framework for future studies performed during this thesis. We propose to integrate the academic workflow for rational strain design with the industry standard for process design. Systems biology tools, especially genome-scale metabolic models, play an essential role in this strategy because application of these tools reduces process risks and increases process understanding. Therefore, in line with this strategy, we created a manually curated genome-scale metabolic model of M. hyopneumoniae which we applied to dynamically model the cultivation step in the vaccine production process (chapter 3). We found that only 16% of cellular energy in a standard fermentation was used for growth and 84% was used for non-growth associated maintenance. By model-driven experimentation we were able to increase the fraction of cellular energy used for growth by addition of pyruvate to the production medium, and showed in dedicated fermentor experiments that the improved process reached a 2.3 times higher biomass yield. Although the metabolic model helped to increase process yield, it did not allow prediction of a defined cultivation medium without components from porcine origin. Therefore, to better understand the dependency of M. hyopneumoniae on host derived components, we performed a functional comparison of 80 mycoplasma genomes and used multivariate and machine-learning algorithms to relate functional capability to the specific host and niche of mycoplasma species (chapter 4). This analysis allowed us to identify protein domains possibly needed for growth and survival in the pig lung. In addition, we found that protein domains expected to be essential for bacterial growth were not persistently present in mycoplasma genomes suggesting that alternative domain configurations exist that bypass their essentiality. To better understand whether the proteins we identified as possibly important for survival in pigs actually play a role during M. hyopneumoniae infection, we sequenced the bacterial mRNA during infection in chapter 5 and compared the in vivo transcriptome to that of broth grown mycoplasma. We found 22 up-regulated and 30 down-regulated genes during infection (FDR<0.01 and fold change >2LOG2) and identified differentially expressed ncRNAs. In chapter 6 we build upon our mycoplasma basis to further analyse the role of ncRNAs in bacterial genomes. We identified an exponential relationship between the AT content of genomes and the number of ncRNAs and propose that this relation is the result of spurious transcription, which is more likely to occur in AT rich genomes. This hypothesis is further substantiated by showing that spurious transcription demands minimal cellular energy and that overexpression of cis-binding ncRNAs in M. pneumoniae did not influence the level of proteins translated from their overlapping mRNAs. Finally, in chapter 7 I discuss four system strategies, identified in this thesis and derived from recent literature, and discuss how these strategies could be integrated in the metabolic model of M. hyopneumoniae. Lastly, I provide an outlook on the next steps needed for improvement of the production process for M. hyopneumoniae vaccines.
In conclusion, this work provided novel insight in the metabolic capability of M. hyopneumoniae based on the proteome domain content, captured in a genome-scale metabolic model and studied under in vitro and in vivo conditions. Biomass yield of the cultivation step for vaccine production was increased and the basis was laid to further improve the production process for M. hyopneumoniae vaccines using model-based experimentation.
De kracht van bundeling : samenwerking rond kennis en innovatie in zeven Greenportregio’s
Dijkshoorn-Dekker, M.W.C. ; Os, G.J. van - \ 2015
tuinbouw - samenwerking - nederland - regio's - interdisciplinair onderzoek - publiek-private samenwerking - horticulture - cooperation - netherlands - regions - interdisciplinary research - public-private cooperation
Deze brochure belicht uit elke Greenportregio ( Noord-Holland Noord, Aalsmeer, Westland-Oostland, Duin- & Bollenstreek, Boskoop, Gelderland en Venlo ) een inspirerend facet van de samenwerking. Dit is een reflectie op de organisatie, aansturing, de successen, leerpunten en eye-openers. Deze reflectie is het resultaat van monitoring en evaluatie die gedurende vier jaar is uitgevoerd door Wageningen UR (beleidsondersteunend onderzoek, ministerie van Economische Zaken)
Teaching and learning of interdisciplinary thinking in higher education in engineering
Spelt, E.J.H. - \ 2015
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Martin Mulder; Tiny van Boekel, co-promotor(en): Pieternel Luning. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462574779 - 199
hoger onderwijs - denken - interdisciplinair onderzoek - onderwijzen - leren - onderwijsonderzoek - higher education - thinking - interdisciplinary research - teaching - learning - educational research
The present thesis research aim was to gain insight in the pedagogical content knowledge for interdisciplinary thinking to enhance student learning across higher education in engineering. In accordance to Boix Mansilla (2010) and Shulman (1987), pedagogical content knowledge was considered in the present research as an understanding of the unique teaching and learning demands to ensure quality student learning processes. To achieve the aim of gaining insight in these teaching and learning demands, the understanding of design criteria of interdisciplinary learning environments (teaching-focus) and the understanding of interdisciplinary learning process characteristics (learning-focus) were considered as necessary.
Four studies were conducted to investigate the teaching and learning demands that need to be taken into account in order to teach engineering students interdisciplinary thinking with respect to complex problem solving. The first and second studies mainly focused on the teaching using the constructive alignment theory of Biggs and Tang (2011). The first study was a systematic literature review study that has identified five necessary sub-skills of interdisciplinary thinking and 26 typical conditions for enabling the development of interdisciplinary thinking. The second study was a design-based research study in which the identified sub-skills and conditions were used to redesign an existing interdisciplinary course in food quality management. The design-focused evaluation showed that eight design criteria need to be taken into account to improve the quality of interdisciplinary learning environments.
The third and fourth studies mainly focused on student learning of the redesigned course on food quality management, using the learning theory of Illeris (2003). The third study analytically characterized student learning experiences and showed that these experiences can be divided into the content, incentive, and interaction dimensions, and that for each dimension key experiences could be identified. The fourth study analysed student learning in terms of learning challenges, strategies, and outcomes. With respect to the challenges, the results showed that students tend to report more on the content-related and interaction-related challenges than on the incentive-related challenges. Both conducted analyses provided insights on learning process characteristics that need to be taken into account to improve the quality of student interdisciplinary learning.
The major conclusions of the present thesis research is that the identified teaching and learning demands involve an initial basis of the pedagogical content knowledge for interdisciplinary thinking, which needs validation across higher education in engineering. In addition, the present thesis research concludes that the constructive alignment theory of Biggs and Tang and the learning theory of Illeris are indeed suitable to develop pedagogical content knowledge for a particular complex cognitive skill such as IDT. Furthermore, the present research concludes that the research methodology of design-based research is beneficial to jointly investigate design criteria and learning process characteristics.
Biggs, J. B., & Tang, C. (2011). Teaching for quality learning at university (4th ed.). Berkshire: Open University Press.
Boix Mansilla, V. (2010). Learning to synthesize: The development of interdisciplinary understanding. In R. Frodeman, J. T. Klein, & C. Mitcham (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of interdisciplinarity (pp. 288-306). New York: Oxford University Press.
Illeris, K. (2003). Towards a contemporary and comprehensive theory of learning. International Journal of Lifelong education, 22(4), 396-406.
Shulman, L. S. (1987). Knowledge and teaching: Foundations of the new reform. Harvard Educational Review, 57(1), 1-21.
Fast food in Ghana’s restaurants: prevalence, characteristics, and relevance : an interdisciplinary perspective
Omari, R. - \ 2014
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Han Wiskerke; Guido Ruivenkamp, co-promotor(en): Joost Jongerden. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462572584 - 169
fast foods - consumptie - snelbuffetten - gemaksvoedsel - consumentengedrag - karakteristieken - gezondheid - interdisciplinair onderzoek - ghana - fast foods - consumption - fast food restaurants - convenience foods - consumer behaviour - characteristics - health - interdisciplinary research - ghana
Fast food has been extensively criticised for its link to health and environments problems and for its tendency to undermine traditional food cultures. Notwithstanding these aspects, this study questioned the assumption that fast food by definition has negative impact on health, environment and traditional food cultures for three main reasons. Firstly, fast-food restaurants are spreading quickly in the Accra Metropolitan Area (AMA) of Ghana and have become an important source of urban food. Secondly, fast food in Ghana is undergoing various changes, such as the introduction of healthier food options, use of environmentally friendly packaging and the incorporation of local cultural features. Thirdly, there has been ambiguity in the definition of fast food in existing literature, which is often exclusively built upon practices in Western, modernised countries and hence has determined how fast food is normatively evaluated. Moreover, evidence shows that some of the characteristics of fast food used in these definitions are changing, as well as being perceived differently in various regions or sociocultural settings. Against this background, this thesis sought to clarify what constitutes fast food in Ghanaian restaurants, assess its prevalence and explore its characteristics and relevance for urban food provisioning, health improvement and tourism development. An interdisciplinary and a combination of qualitative and quantitative approaches were used to gather data for a restaurant study to assess the availability and characteristics of fast food in the AMA using the cuisine concept as an analytical framework. The same approaches were used to gather data for a consumer study to explain how (i) convenience influences fast-food consumption, (ii) identity influences fast-food consumption and (iii) personal responsibility influences fast-food purchase, consumption and waste disposal decisions. Findings indicated that the core food items present in fast-food restaurants are menu items such as foods generally recognised as fast food (FGRAFF), including fried rice, fried chicken, burgers, pizzas and French fries, as well as common Ghanaian foods such as banku and kelewele. Interestingly, the FGRAFFs have been transformed in several ways mainly by the incorporation of aspects of the Ghanaian food culture. Most people eat fast food because of their desire to save time, mental and physical effort, as well as because of the inherent convenience attributes of fast food. Findings also showed that people consume fast food because of its role in identity formation and expression whereby eating in a fast-food restaurant is a way to be connected with what is new and unique, pleasurable and associated with social interaction and sensory and health values. Strikingly, findings showed that fast-food consumers do not only eat fast food for convenience and identity expression, but that they are also reflective about the health and environmental anxieties that might come along with the social practice of consumption. Therefore, consumers may adopt loyalty or exit strategies as a way of reducing the effects of the health and environmental anxieties on themselves and society as a whole. This study has shown that some consumers would prefer to adopt loyalty strategies, implying that fast food provides some major material, social, cultural and behavioural benefits for these consumers and so they may not choose to curtail their fast-food consumption. Therefore, for nutrition and health intervention programmes to be effective, there is a clear need to adopt more holistic approaches by incorporating material, social, cultural and behavioural aspects of food into formal programmes.
Transdisciplinary global change research: the co-creation of knowledge for sustainability
Mauser, W. ; Klepper, G. ; Rice, M. ; Schmalzbauer, B.S. ; Hackmann, H. ; Leemans, R. ; Moore, H. - \ 2013
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 5 (2013)3-4. - ISSN 1877-3435 - p. 420 - 431.
earth system science - interdisciplinary research - challenges - responses - models
The challenges formulated within the Future Earth framework set the orientation for research programmes in sustainability science for the next ten years. Scientific disciplines from natural and social science will collaborate both among each other and with relevant societal groups in order to define the important integrated research questions, and to explore together successful pathways towards global sustainability. Such collaboration will be based on transdisciplinarity and integrated research concepts. This paper analyses the relationship between scientific integration and transdisciplinarity, discusses the dimensions of integration of different knowledge and proposes a platform and a paradigm for research towards global sustainability that will be both designed and conducted in partnership between science and society. We argue that integration is an iterative process that involves reflection among all stakeholders. It consists of three stages: co-design, co-production and co-dissemination.
Visser, L.E. - \ 2013
Wageningen : Wageningen Universiteit - ISBN 9789461733283
ontwikkeling - sociologie - ontwikkelingsstudies - antropologie - ontwikkelingstheorie - armoede - interdisciplinair onderzoek - globalisering - development - sociology - development studies - anthropology - development theory - poverty - interdisciplinary research - globalization
De vraag of er ontwikkeling is, kan altijd en overal positief worden beantwoord. Maar de betekenis ervan verschilt voor een visser in Indonesië of een handelaar in Honduras. De Sociologie van Ontwikkeling staat voor een niet-normatieve benadering van ontwikkeling en tracht de meervoudigheid ervan in de praktijk van het alledaagse leven te begrijpen. Een kritische toetsing van regels en modellen vraagt de noodzakelijke aandacht voor de diversiteit en creativiteit van mensen die ontwikkeling in eigen hand willen houden in de marges van de globale wereld.
Maatschappelijke respons op nieuwe technologieën : een literatuuroverzicht ten behoeve van Kennisbasis VI onderzoek
Ronteltap, A. ; Reinders, M.J. ; Weele, C. van der - \ 2012
Den Haag : LEI, onderdeel van Wageningen UR (Nota / LEI : Onderzoeksveld Consument & gedrag ) - 34
levenswetenschappen - technologie - samenleving - interdisciplinair onderzoek - synthese - innovaties - consumenten - consumentengedrag - life sciences - technology - society - interdisciplinary research - synthesis - innovations - consumers - consumer behaviour
In dit rapport wordt een overzicht gegeven van de huidige stand van zaken op het gebied van onderzoek naar technologie en maatschappij met een focus op het werkveld van Wageningen UR, de levenswetenschappen. Er is in toenemende mate onderzoek gedaan naar de maatschappelijke aspecten van technologieontwikkeling. Er is vanuit veel verschillende disciplines onderzoek gedaan, maar daaruit is nog weinig synthese ontstaan. Zo is het maatschappelijk perspectief en het individueel perspectief op de interactie tussen technologie en maatschappij grotendeels los van elkaar ontwikkeld. Dat is vanuit wetenschappelijk oogpunt niet vreemd: specialisatie levert namelijk veel op. Discipline-overstijgende samenwerking is nodig om expertise daadwerkelijk te integreren. Een mogelijk risico van interdisciplinaire samenwerking is dat de resultaten niet goed in het peer-reviewed systeem gepubliceerd kunnen worden, ongeacht de uitkomsten. Andere vormen van output dienen daarom onderzocht en op waarde geschat te worden. Denk bijvoorbeeld aan boeken of populair-wetenschappelijke publicaties. Wageningen UR heeft naar verhouding een sterke traditie in syntheseonderzoek, onder andere in praktijkonderzoek, maar ook in vernieuwende wetenschapsgebieden als systeembiologie en complexe adaptieve systemen (CAS).
Deconstructing the discourse on social learning: conceptual and methodological aspects in natural resource management literature
Rodela, R. - \ 2012
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - 69
sociaal leren - natuurlijke hulpbronnen - bedrijfsvoering - duurzame ontwikkeling - methodologie - interdisciplinair onderzoek - social learning - natural resources - management - sustainable development - methodology - interdisciplinary research
This report represents a much-needed meta-analysis in this emerging field and pulls together key research articles on social learning in natural resource management and related fields, such as environmental management. Section one of this publication provides methodological detail and an explanation of how paper selection was undertaken as well as a description of the selected body of works reviewed, i.e., 96 papers published in scientific journals after peer-review. Section two summarises the results of a more specific analysis designed to unveil how social learning is made operational and how the literature approaches it conceptually. In section three interdisciplinary engagement and borrowing practices reported in the selected social learning literature are analysed the implications that emerged from these discussed. In section four methodological aspects. The aim of this last analysis was to unveil methodological choices discussed in the selected literature and reflect upon the epistemological base that underpins the social learning discourse.
Ambassades brengen partijen bij elkaar
Brouwer, J.H. - \ 2012
Kennis Online 9 (2012)feb. - p. 11 - 11.
voedselzekerheid - overheidsbeleid - ontwikkelingssamenwerking - interdisciplinair onderzoek - food security - government policy - development cooperation - interdisciplinary research
Ambassades in de landen waar Nederland een ontwikkelingsrelatie mee heeft, gaan werken aan een betere voedselzekerheid ter plaatse. Het Centre for Development Innovation (CDI) van Wageningen UR ondersteunt de ambassades daarbij.
From food production to food security: developing interdisciplinary, regional-level research
Ingram, J.S.I. - \ 2011
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Rudy Rabbinge. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789461730022 - 152
voedselproductie - voedselzekerheid - systeemanalyse - interdisciplinair onderzoek - klimaatverandering - landbouwkundig onderzoek - regionale ontwikkeling - multi-stakeholder processen - food production - food security - systems analysis - interdisciplinary research - climatic change - agricultural research - regional development - multi-stakeholder processes
Food security is a condition whereby “all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life” (FAO World Food Summit, 1996). Globally, food production has kept ahead of demand for many years, yet about one billion people currently do not have such access. This is due to a combination of biophysical, socioeconomic and political factors. New research concepts, tools and methods are needed to understand, and improve governance of, the complex interactions between these factors if such food insecurity is to be overcome. This is especially the case at the regional (sub-continental) level where many stakeholder groups and actors are involved in setting policies and taking decisions that affect food security outcomes. Based on six publications, this thesis therefore addresses three questions:
What are the essential characteristics of a research agenda to address food security?
Why is research at the regional level important?
Who needs to be involved in research design and delivery, and how are they best engaged?
The food system concept, which integrates an understanding of the activities of producing, distributing, trading and consuming food with the food security outcomes relating to access, availability and utilisation of food, provides a robust framework for analysis of these questions. A synthesis of the publications reveals an effective food security research agenda needs to not only encompass all these activities and outcomes, but also note the range of biophysical, socioeconomic and political food system drivers across and along spatial, temporal and jurisdictional scales. This is because food insecurity arises from vulnerability of the food system to combinations of stresses induced from changes in these drivers. Analysis in this thesis has shown that the ability to overcome these stresses, and thereby enhance food security, would be increased if policy and technical options were considered more specifically at regional level, in addition to at local and global levels. This is however challenging, due to the diversity of stakeholder groups operating at this level (e.g. government and NGOs; researchers and research funders; and business and civil society) all of whom have their own objectives. Further, there are numerous interactions with higher and lower levels on these scales, and insufficient knowledge and awareness of actions taken at these other levels often leads to ‘scale challenges’. Participatory research methods (e.g. surveys, consultations and scenario exercises) have been found in this research to help overcome these ‘scale challenges’.
Improved understanding of how food systems operate will help food security planning by identifying where, when and how vulnerability arises; and hence what sorts of adaptation interventions are needed, and where and when they would be most effective. Understanding can be enhanced by integrating concepts from production ecology, agroecology and human ecology with concepts of food systems and scales, to develop the notion of ‘food system ecology’. This not only helps identify the many biophysical and socioeconomic interactions across the range of activities and drivers that determine food security, but also provides a framework for two key research avenues: increasing the efficiency with which inputs to the food system are used, and enhancing food system governance.
Knowledge in action : the search for collaborative research for sustainable landscape development
Paassen, A. van; Berg, J. van den; Steingröver, E.G. ; Werkman, R.A. ; Pedroli, B. - \ 2011
Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers (Mansholt publication series no. 11) - ISBN 9789086861675 - 319
landschapsbeheer - landschap - bedrijfsvoering - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - duurzame ontwikkeling - interdisciplinair onderzoek - kennismanagement - kennisoverdracht - actieonderzoek - nederland - landscape management - landscape - management - sustainability - sustainable development - interdisciplinary research - knowledge management - knowledge transfer - action research - netherlands
Stakeholders currently put much emphasis on participatory processes in landscape planning procedures. This poses a special challenge for research. What role does research play in our present world characterised by complexity, competing claims and development needs, and an increased concern for climate change and environmental impact? In the book 'Knowledge in Action' we explore different types of transdisciplinary research that scientists engage in. Depending on the societal context and the interests of local citizens, researchers apply different research approaches to optimally incorporate the various points of view in their research and promote processes enhancing dialogue and shared results. In the book authors present their research experiences: their theoretical inspiration, the research methodology applied to consult, share and collaborate with societal actors in order to create options for change. The book includes several striking examples from The Netherlands (both successful and less effective), and also innovative examples from communities in Africa and Asia. The authors reflect on opportunities, problems and dilemma's they had to deal with. They especially address how far the role and theoretical perspectives of collaborative researchers can lead them in action research. Can they limit themselves to joint knowledge production and learning processes or should they engage in strategic positioning, advocacy and entrepreneurship to make it happen? The book discusses the issues that researchers should consider when they position their research activities within ongoing developments at landscape level.
Journey into interdisciplinarity : ten years of INREF experience
Lammers, E. ; Muskens, R. ; Windmeijer, P.N. ; Huijsmans, B. ; Geerlings, B.J. - \ 2010
Wageningen : Wageningen International - ISBN 9789070785215 - 84
ontwikkeling - ontwikkelingslanden - interdisciplinair onderzoek - hoger onderwijs - onderzoeksprojecten - development - developing countries - interdisciplinary research - higher education - research projects
Polysaccharide Expertise Netwerk (EPNOE)
Dam, J.E.G. van; Boeriu, C.G. - \ 2010
polysacchariden - biomassa - interdisciplinair onderzoek - netwerken (activiteit) - innovaties - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - biobased economy - polysaccharides - biomass - interdisciplinary research - networking - innovations - sustainability - biobased economy
Korte informatie over het Polysaccharide Expertise Netwerk (EPNOE).
'Daar botst het weten' : interdisciplinair en transdisciplinair onderzoek binnen Wageningen UR
Groot, A.M.E. ; Klostermann, J.E.M. ; Berg, J. van den - \ 2009
Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 1989) - 85
planning - landschap - onderzoek - kennis - interdisciplinair onderzoek - nederland - natuur - kennismanagement - wetenschappelijke medewerkers - wetenschappelijk onderzoek - planning - landscape - research - knowledge - interdisciplinary research - netherlands - nature - knowledge management - academic workers - scientific research
Welke verschillende vormen van interdisciplinair en transdisciplimnair onderzoek zijn er te onderscheiden inde Wageningse onderzoekspraktijk voor een duurzaam gebruik van de "groen-blauwe ruimte". Wat is de positie van Wageningen UR ten opzichte van een aantal andere Nederlandse wetenschappelijke instituten op het gebied van interdisciplinair onderzoek? Op basis van interviews met betrokken Wageningse onderzoekers van elf internationale projecten en drie onderzoekers van andere Nederlandse instituten zijn antwoorden ontwikkeld. Dit type onderzoek blijkt een specifiek Wageningense benadering te zijn vanwege de probleemoplossende insteek die veel onderzoekers kiezen.
Managing the Hydra in integration: developing an integrated assessment tool for agricultural systems
Janssen, S.J.C. - \ 2009
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Alfons Oude Lansink, co-promotor(en): Martin van Ittersum. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789085854364 - 272
bedrijfssystemen - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - modellen - landbouwbedrijven - landbouwondernemingen - landbouwproductie - integratie - interdisciplinair onderzoek - innovaties - simulatie - europa - agro-ecologie - farming systems - farm management - models - farms - farm enterprises - agricultural production - integration - interdisciplinary research - innovations - simulation - europe - agroecology
Keywords: modelling, bio-economic, farm, simulation, ontology, knowledge management, Europe, agricultural management, database, scenario
Ex-ante assessment through science-based methods can provide insight into the impacts of potential policy measures or innovations to manage complex problems (e.g. environmental pollution, climate change, or farmers’ welfare). Integrated Assessment and Modelling (IAM) is a method that supports ex-ante assessment through modelling and modelling tools. One type of IAM links models focusing on particular processes on a specific scale into model chains covering multiple scales and disciplines. To achieve an operational model chain for IAM, methodological, semantic and technical integration is required of models, data sources, indicators and scenarios. In this thesis, methodological, semantic and technical integration focuses on two case studies. The first case study is on integration within bio-economic farm models covering two hierarchical systems levels involving a small team of scientists. The second case refers to modelling European agricultural systems. In this case, the integration covers five hierarchical systems levels and different types of models were linked by a large team of about hundred scientists. In the context of these two case studies, many different integration topics and challenges have been addressed: a review of the state-of-the-art in bio-economic farm models, a generic method to define alternative agricultural activities, development of a generic bio-economic farm model, development of an integrated database for agricultural systems, linking different agricultural models and a shared definition of scenarios across disciplines, models and scales. Ultimately, elaborating the methodological, semantic and technical integration greatly contributed to the development of an integrated assessment tool for European agricultural systems. This integrated assessment tool can be used across disciplines and for multi-scale analysis, and allows the assessment of many different policy and technology changes.
Denkend aan ... verduurzaming, productie en transitie 2008
Peet, G.F.V. van der - \ 2009
Wageningen : Animal Sciences Group (Rapport / Animal Sciences Group ) - ISBN 9789085854838 - 43
interdisciplinair onderzoek - onderzoek - onderzoeksinstituten - universitair onderzoek - duurzaamheid (durability) - productie - overgangselementen - biotechnologie - dierenwelzijn - visserij - dierhouderij - gewasteelt - kasgewassen - wetenschappelijk onderzoek - interdisciplinary research - research - research institutes - university research - durability - production - transition elements - biotechnology - animal welfare - fisheries - animal husbandry - crop management - greenhouse crops - scientific research
Het lagenmodel als basis voor landschapsontwerp in een veranderend milieu
Veldkamp, A. - \ 2008
In: De toekomst van het Nederlands landschap; Wetenschappelijke bijdragen aan de toekomstige landschapskwaliteit / Bouma, J., Groen, L.A., Opschoor, J.B., Amsterdam : KNAW - ISBN 9789069845296 - p. 23 - 32.
landschap - landgebruik - interdisciplinair onderzoek - bodem-landschap relaties - landscape - land use - interdisciplinary research - soil-landscape relationships
Om ‘verrassingen’ te voorkomen is het belangrijk het landschapsysteem in al zijn complexiteit te analyseren door middel van toekomstscenario’s (complexe, niet lineaire interacties), voordat beleid wordt geïmplementeerd. De lagenkennis vereist multidisciplinaire benaderingen met bijdragen van vele disciplines. Deze zijn zo divers dat dit niet in één persoon verenigd kan worden. Verder verdienen integrerende onderwerpen zoals aardkundige en cultuurhistorische waarden specifieke aandacht
PCC Platform Communicatie on Climate Change
Dorland, R. van; Steenis, O.M.B. van - \ 2008
klimaatverandering - datacommunicatie - communicatie - toegepast onderzoek - interdisciplinair onderzoek - organisatie van onderzoek - milieucommunicatie - climatic change - data communication - communication - applied research - interdisciplinary research - organization of research - environmental communication
Poster informing about the Platform Communication on Climate Change, PCCC. PCCC was established by the Dutch climate research community to improve the quality, efficiency and effectiveness of the communication of Dutch climate research
Integrerend en ontwerpend onderzoek nodig : kennis biodiversiteit beter benutten
Opdam, P.F.M. ; Heijman, W.J.M. - \ 2008
Landschap : tijdschrift voor landschapsecologie en milieukunde 25 (2008)3. - ISSN 0169-6300 - p. 169 - 173.
biodiversiteit - landschapsecologie - ruimtelijke ordening - interdisciplinair onderzoek - ontwerpend onderzoek - biodiversity - landscape ecology - physical planning - interdisciplinary research - research by design
Soortenrijkdom wordt sterk be"invloed door de oppervlakte en ruimtelijke verdeling van ecosystemen. Dit wetenschappelijke feit is steeds vaker als notie aanwezig in de ruimtelijke planvorming. De achterliggende kennis wordt echter weinig gebruikt, omdat deze niet aansluit bij de besluitvormingsprocessen over aanpassing van het landschap, en omdat de maatschappelijke waarde van biodiversiteit niet kan worden afgewogen tegen die van andere landschapsfuncties.