Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Learning and teaching in the regional learning environment : enabling students and teachers to cross boundaries in multi-stakeholder practices
    Oonk, Carla - \ 2016
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Martin Mulder; Judith Gulikers. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462579507 - 192
    teaching methods - learning - higher education - land use planning - regional planning - multi-stakeholder processes - boundaries - regional atelier - onderwijsmethoden - leren - hoger onderwijs - landgebruiksplanning - regionale planning - multi-stakeholder processen - grenzen - regioleren

    Finding solutions for complex societal problems requires cross-boundary collaboration between multiple stakeholders who represent various practices, disciplines and perspectives. The authentic, multi-stakeholder Regional Learning Environment (RLE) is expected to develop higher education students’ capabilities for working in multi-stakeholder settings. However, the effectiveness of the RLE, including its typical cross-boundary learning environment characteristics, has not been investigated.

    This thesis shows that the RLE develops students’ domain specific expertise and various generic competencies. The learning environment characteristics of working in multi-disciplinary student groups, working highly intensive with stakeholders, and a high coaching intensity strengthen competence development. Explicit workshop-based support of students’ boundary crossing working and learning stimulates the amount of student-stakeholder collaborative activities, and activates students’ boundary crossing learning. Teachers fulfil new out-of-school oriented roles and tasks in the RLE and should master new boundary crossing competencies. Existing higher education teacher profiles should be adapted to become out-of-school proof.

    Making a difference : boundary management in spatial governance
    Westerink, Judith - \ 2016
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Adri van den Brink; Katrien Termeer. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462578685 - 216
    spatial analysis - governance - landscape architecture - space - space utilization - integrated spatial planning policy - landscape planning - urban planning - land use planning - land policy - government policy - netherlands - european union - ruimtelijke analyse - governance - landschapsarchitectuur - ruimte - gebruik van ruimte - gebiedsgericht beleid - landschapsplanning - stedelijke planning - landgebruiksplanning - grondbeleid - overheidsbeleid - nederland - europese unie

    In trying to influence spatial development, people engage in discussions about distinctions between places or areas, and the roles of government and society, while they need to relate to other groups of stakeholders. In other words, boundaries (between meanings of places, between government and society, and between different groups of people) are omnipresent in spatial governance. Does the peri-urban area belong to the city or to the countryside? Can nature be integrated into farming? What should be the role of governments in relation to bottom-up initiatives? And how can people collaborate in spite of their differences in background, culture and knowledge? People have devised various tools and strategies to deal with boundaries. This study investigates those boundary arrangements in practices of spatial governance, such as boundary concepts, boundary organisations and social learning. This is done by analysing a number of case studies of spatial governance practices, mainly in the Netherlands.

    Chapter 1 introduces the theoretical concepts, research question and aims and the research design. The study distinguishes physical (between meanings of places), institutional (between social institutions) and social boundaries (between groups of people). Such boundaries are socially constructed, not only through their delineation, but also through their contestation and change. In other words, people take actions towards boundaries. For such actions they make use of boundary arrangements. In this thesis, boundary management is performing boundary actions by means of boundary arrangements in order to influence a governance process. The research question is: what is the role of boundary arrangements in the management of physical, social and institutional boundaries in spatial governance?

    Chapter 2 analyses how the compact city concept is applied in four urban regions across Europe, how this concept yields trade-offs among dimensions of sustainability. In addition, it analyses strategies that have been developed by planners in the four regions to deal with those trade-offs. The urban – rural boundary is important in this chapter. Chapter 3 compares and analyses two overlapping and competing place concepts for peri-urban areas in The Hague Region, the Netherlands. The urban - rural boundary is central. Chapter 4 reveals discourses of collaborative planning in an urban region characterised by population growth and in a region characterised by population decline, both in the south of the Netherlands. One alternative discourse envisions a leading role for governmental actors in spatial planning, while another discourse envisions a leading role for societal actors. This chapter is mainly concerned with the boundary between government and non-government.

    Chapter 5 analyses two Dutch approaches to more effective agri-environmental management: one landscape approach and one farming system approach, both with increased self-governance by farmers. This chapter is about the nature – agriculture boundary as well as the boundary between government and non-government. Chapter 6 tells the story of a collaborative project with farmers’ organisations and regional governments for a rural landscape with more landscape services. Social boundaries among different groups are important, as are the boundary between government and non-government, and the one between nature and agriculture. Chapter 7 analyses three cases in which a landscape concept supported mutual understanding and learning leading to collective action. Dealing with social boundaries in trans-disciplinary landscape planning is the main issue.

    Chapter 8 answers the research question, specifies the contribution to scientific debate and provides suggestions for further research. In addition, it gives reflections on the usefulness of the theoretical lens, the research design and the role of the researcher, and specifies societal relevance of the research and policy implications. The chapter includes a typology of boundary arrangements and yields a number of insights for the study of boundaries as well as for the study of spatial governance.

    Naar een groene planologie: planologie in Wageningen
    Valk, A.J.J. van der - \ 2015
    Rooilijn 48 (2015)1. - ISSN 1380-2860 - p. 62 - 69.
    landschap - landgebruiksplanning - besluitvorming - regionale planning - klimaatverandering - hydrologie - platteland - landscape - land use planning - decision making - regional planning - climatic change - hydrology - rural areas
    In Wageningen heeft de planologie van meet af aan haar plaats tussen de technische wetenschappen moeten vinden en hervinden. Naast aansprekende resultaten, zoals de lagenbenadering die in Wageningen is ontwikkeld, heeft dat geleid tot permanent theoretiseren van de complexe wederzijdse inwerking tussen menselijk handelen en bodem, water en klimaat. Groene planologie en het landschap als centraal onderzoeksobject bepalen de huidige positie en theorievorming van de planologie.
    Spatial modelling and ecosystem accounting for land use planning: addressing deforestation and oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Sumarga, E. - \ 2015
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Lars Hein. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462574854 - 156
    landgebruiksplanning - landgebruik - modelleren - ontbossing - oliepalmen - ecosysteemdiensten - ecosystemen - kalimantan - indonesië - land use planning - land use - modeling - deforestation - oil palms - ecosystem services - ecosystems - kalimantan - indonesia

    Ecosystem accounting is a new area of environmental economic accounting that aims to measure ecosystem services in a way that is in line with national accounts. The key characteristics of ecosystem accounting include the extension of the valuation boundary of the System of National Accounts, allowing the inclusion of a broader set of ecosystem services types such regulating services and cultural services. Consistent with the principles of national account, ecosystem accounting focuses on assessment of the contribution of ecosystem in generating benefits for human well-being. Those valuation characteristics allow ecosystem accounting to explicitly visualize the comprehensive values of ecosystem contribution, and integrate them in a standardized national account.

    There is a wide range of potential application of ecosystem accounting in natural resource management and environmental preservation. This includes the provision of basic data on the values of multiple ecosystem services (both in terms of physical quantities and monetary values), monitoring ecosystem services dynamics, analyzing impacts of land-use change and land management on the trade-offs of ecosystem services, and development of ecosystem services based land-use planning. Ecosystem accounting approach has also been widely involved in addressing critical environmental issues such as deforestation, GHG emissions, and biodiversity conservation.

    Considering the spatial heterogeneity of ecosystem services distribution, spatial analysis is a key element in ecosystem accounting. The availability of spatial information of the values of ecosystem services creates opportunity for a broad range of applications required for land-use planning and management, such as identification of areas with high variability of ecosystem services (often called as ecosystem services hotspots) and areas with high aggregate values of ecosystem services, identification of ecosystem services supply and ecosystem services demand interaction, and analysing the impacts of land-use change on the trade-offs of ecosystem services. Most importantly, spatial information of a comprehensive set of ecosystem services values allows land-use planners to analyse the relationship between any options of land management and the existence of a combination of ecosystem services, hence the best management type which optimize the provision of ecosystem services can be formulated.

    The objective of this thesis is to develop an ecosystem services approach to land-use planning through integration of ecosystem accounting and spatial modelling, with a specific case study on deforestation and oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan Indonesia. The main motivations of this study includes the high rate of deforestation and oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan, the environmental degradation related to the deforestation such as greenhouse gas emissions and biodiversity loss, the uncertainty of provincial land-use planning, and the lack of experiences on the integration of ecosystem accounting in land-use planning.

    In chapter 2 of this thesis, seven key ecosystem services (timber production, rattan production, oil palm production, paddy rice production, carbon storage, carbon sequestration, and wildlife habitat) are assessed and mapped at a provincial scale. The ecosystem services are assessed in term of physical quantities. Three mapping techniques are applied: spatial interpolation, lookup tables, and Maximum Entropy (Maxent) modelling. An ecosystem services based land-use planning is tested using the seven ecosystem services maps to identify areas for oil palm expansion. This study shows that selection of the best spatial modelling technique for ecosystem services mapping highly depends on the availability of input data and the characteristics of spatial distribution of ecosystem services. This study also demonstrates the significant support of spatial information of ecosystem services in provincial land-use planning.

    In chapter 3, six ecosystem services mapped in chapter 2 (timber production, rattan production, oil palm production, paddy rice production, carbon sequestration, and wildlife habitat) are valued in monetary terms. The valuation also includes additional cultural service, i.e. nature recreation. Two valuation methods consistent with the principles of ecosystem accounts are applied: resource rent valuation and costs based approach. The monetary values of ecosystem services are then mapped, allowing analysis on the aggregate values of the seven ecosystem services in different land-use types. This study shows the capability of resource rent valuation in filtering and visualizing the value of ecosystem contribution in providing benefits that have market values, and the applicability of a costs based approach for carbon sequestration valuation. However, application of the cost based approach is considered inappropriate in monetary valuation of biodiversity habitat, and further improvement is required. This study also shows how the trade-offs of ecosystem services from the past and the potential land-use change can be analyzed based on the spatial information of monetary values of ecosystem services.

    Chapter 4 of this thesis presents land-use change modelling, with a specific case of modelling oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan. An integrated deductive inductive modelling is developed, using logistic regression and scenario based modelling. The scenarios used in the modelling consist of two scenarios reflecting the past and the current policies on oil palm expansion, i.e. a business as usual scenario and a moratorium scenario, and one alternative scenario, i.e. the sustainable production scenario, developed based on stakeholder workshop and ecosystem services approach studied in chapter 2. Based on the monetary values of ecosystem services valued and mapped in chapter 3, the societal costs and benefits of oil palm expansion based on the three policy scenarios are then analyzed. The model forecasts the continuation of strong oil palm expansion in the period 2015 – 2020, in particular in case of the business as usual scenario, and forecasts that oil palm expansion would level off in the period 2020 – 2025 in all three scenarios. In the business as usual scenario, this expansion would lead to substantial net costs to society resulting from a loss of ecosystem services, particularly from carbon emission emissions. The sustainable production scenario provides the highest net benefits to society, however, implementation of this scenario requires fundamental change of current land-use policy.

    Chapter 5 presents hydrological and economic impacts of oil palm development on peat, with a case study in the ex mega rice project area, Central Kalimantan. Hydrological aspect of oil palm development have not been studied in the previous chapters, and this chapter addresses this aspect through modelling three types of flooding on drained peatland for oil palm: impaired drainability, frequent flooding, and near permanent inundation. The model integrates current knowledge on subsidence rates and drinage limits, and uses a high resolution LiDAR DEM. The results of the model are presented up to 2136. The economic impacts are analysed through two land-use scenarios: the oil palm scenario assuming all peatlands in the study area will be converted into oil palm, and the mix scenario combining natural forest preservation, jelutung forest development and oil palm plantation. This study shows that in 100 years’ time only around 10% of the area would still be suitable for oil palm. This study also shows that under the first scenario, the social costs of carbon emissions considerably outweigh the benefits of oil palm production. In term of private benefits, the mixed land-use option scores better even at the first plantation cycle. The mix land-use scenario also potentially preserve about 84,000 ha habitat for orangutan. This study provides useful inputs for a comprehensive analysis on the sustainability of oil palm development on peatland.

    In general this thesis demonstrates the significant contribution of ecosystem accounting and spatial modelling for land-use planning. Valuation methods and spatial modelling techniques developed in this study provide basis for completing ecosystem accounting in Central Kalimantan, with potential applicability in other regions. By addressing the critical environmental issues in Central Kalimantan, i.e. deforestation and oil palm expansion and their environmental and economic impacts, this study contributes to formulate a better land-use management, which facilitates the need for oil palm development while maintaining the provision of important ecosystem services.

    Inventarisatie potentiële locaties Tijdelijke Natuur in Nederland
    Gies, T.J.A. ; Agricola, H.J. ; Beun, N.J. - \ 2015
    Utrecht : InnovatieNetwerk (Rapport / InnovatieNetwerk nr. 15.2.335) - ISBN 9789050595254
    natuurbeheer - braak - verlaten grond - bestemmingsplannen - inventarisaties - landgebruiksplanning - natuurontwikkeling - natuurgebieden - nature management - fallow - abandoned land - zoning plans - inventories - land use planning - nature development - natural areas
    InnovatieNetwerk heeft in samenwerking met partijen uit de samenleving het concept ‘Tijdelijke Natuur’ ontwikkeld. Dit heeft ertoe geleid dat tot op heden dertig grondeigenaren op 2.000 ha tijdelijke natuur hebben laten ontstaan. Het concept houdt in dat op gronden die wachten op realisatie van bestemmingen zoals bedrijvigheid of wonen, natuur voor een beperkt aantal jaren een kans krijgt zich te ontwikkelen. Dit levert winst op voor mens én natuur. Het doel van het project is om inzichtelijk te maken wat de aard en omvang zijn van de locaties die potentieel geschikt zijn voor het concept ‘Tijdelijke Natuur’ in Nederland. Deze inventarisatie geeft een zo goed mogelijk landsdekkend beeld (gespecificeerd naar provincies en gemeenten) van potentiële locaties Tijdelijke Natuur.
    A review of damage-reducing measures to manage fluvial flood risks in a changing climate
    Kreibich, H. ; Bubeck, Ph. ; Vliet, M. van; Moel, H. de - \ 2015
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 20 (2015)6. - ISSN 1381-2386 - p. 967 - 989.
    klimaatverandering - landgebruiksplanning - overstromingen - risicobeheersing - ontwikkelingslanden - climatic change - land use planning - floods - risk management - developing countries
    Damage due to floods has increased during the last few decades, and further increases are expected in several regions due to climate change and growing vulnerability. To address the projected increase in flood risk, a combination of structural and non-structural flood risk mitigation measures is considered as a promising adaptation strategy. Such a combination takes into account that flood defence systems may fail, and prepares for unexpected crisis situations via land-use planning and private damage reduction, e.g. via building precautionary measures, and disaster response. However, knowledge about damage-reducing measures is scarce and often fragmented since based on case studies. For instance, it is believed that private precautionary measures, like shielding with water shutters or building fortification, are especially effective in areas with frequent flood events and low flood water levels. However, some of these measures showed a significant damage-reducing effect also during the extreme flood event in 2002 in Germany. This review analyses potentials of land-use planning and private flood precautionary measures as components of adaptation strategies for global change. Focus is on their implementation, their damage-reducing effects and their potential contribution to address projected changes in flood risk, particularly in developed countries.
    Kistenkas, F.H. - \ 2015
    Vakblad Natuur Bos Landschap 2015 (2015)113. - ISSN 1572-7610 - p. 23 - 23.
    landgebruiksplanning - noordzee - eu regelingen - zeezoogdieren - fauna - land use planning - north sea - eu regulations - marine mammals - fauna
    Eind dit jaar zal de definitieve versie van de Beleidsnota Noordzee 2016-2021 worden vastgesteld. Ook op de Noordzee geldt inmiddels het uitgangspunt van meervoudig ruimtegebruik. Dat wil dan zeggen dat er zoveel mogelijk naar functiecombinaties wordt gestreefd. De nota introduceert daartoe een afwegingskader van vijf toetsen. Juridisch klopt zoiets niet: het is als het ronde vierkant of de vierkante cirkel, want weging is totaal wat anders dan toetsing en sluiten elkaar rechtsdogmatisch uit
    From frustration to integration: Action strategies for a better fit between knowledge and policy on the Wadden Sea
    Molen, F. van der; Floor, J.R. ; Enst, W. van; Seijger, C. ; Giebels, D. ; Tatenhove, J.P.M. van - \ 2015
    Utrecht : Deltares - ISBN 9789082336818 - 36
    milieubeleid - mosselteelt - natuurbeleid - natuurbescherming - landgebruiksplanning - waddenzee - environmental policy - mussel culture - nature conservation policy - nature conservation - land use planning - wadden sea
    How can knowledge help to produce better policy for the Wadden Sea? This is the question that our research projects have sought to answer. Although the Wadden region offers many fine examples of knowledge development that is effectively aligned with policy issues, we can see that the relationship between knowledge and policy is often far from optimal. By way of this document we hope to help bring about a better fit between knowledge and policy.
    Vissen in windmolenparken: inventarisatie van de (on)mogelijkheden
    Rasenberg, M.M.M. ; Smith, S.R. ; Turenhout, M.N.J. ; Taal, K. - \ 2015
    IJmuiden : IMARES (Rapport / IMARES Wageningen UR C030/15) - 31
    windmolenpark - visserijbeleid - landgebruiksplanning - visserij - haalbaarheidsstudies - noordzee - wind farms - fishery policy - land use planning - fisheries - feasibility studies - north sea
    Steeds meer gebieden op de Noordzee worden gebruikt voor verschillende activiteiten waaronder visserij, olie en gaswinning, energie en scheepvaart. Een van deze activiteiten is windenergie op zee. Scheepvaart in windmolenparken is momenteel verboden met uitzondering van onderhoud-, monitoring- en onderzoekvaartuigen. Dit heeft als gevolg dat vissers niet worden toegelaten in windmolenparken en steeds meer visgronden kwijtraken. Vissers zoeken naar mogelijkheden om in gebieden waar windparken staan toch activiteiten te kunnen ontplooien. Een aantal bedrijven en organisaties (waaronder een aantal staandwant vissers, de overheid en de wind-energiesector) zijn een project gestart op zoek naar mogelijkheden voor het openstellen van windparken. Aan IMARES en LEI is gevraagd om bestaande kennis van de (on)mogelijkheden van visserij in windmolenparken op een rij te zetten.
    Zee op Zicht: Inzicht: Gepubliceerde Literatuur & Verslag slotbijeenkomst
    Hoof, L.J.W. van; Bolman, B.C. ; Rockmann, C. ; Kraan, M.L. ; Jak, R.G. ; Wal, J.T. van der; Slijkerman, D.M.E. ; Groenendijk, F.C. ; Smith, S.R. - \ 2014
    IJmuiden : IMARES (Rapport / IMARES ) - 121
    landgebruiksplanning - gebiedsgericht beleid - noordzee - governance - onderzoeksbeleid - land use planning - integrated spatial planning policy - north sea - governance - research policy
    Dit is deel twee van de rapportage over het Zee op Zicht programma. In deel 1, de ‘reader’ werden de bevindingen van Zee op Zicht gepresenteerd. In dit deel vindt U een overzicht van publicaties die mede door een bijdrage van Zee op Zicht tot stand zijn gekomen. Daarnaast vindt U een verslag van de activiteiten van de bijeenkomst gehouden op 4 december 2014. Op deze dag zijn de resultaten van zee op Zicht gepresenteerd en bediscussieerd met een publiek afkomstig uit maritiem beleid, sectoren en NGOs.
    Zee op Zicht: Inzicht; een zoektocht naar een integraal afwegingskader voor het gebruik van de zee
    Hoof, L.J.W. van; Steenbergen, J. ; Bolman, B.C. ; Rockmann, C. ; Kraan, M.L. ; Piet, G.J. ; Jak, R.G. ; Wal, J.T. van der; Pastoors, M.A. ; Slijkerman, D.M.E. ; Soma, K. ; Goldsborough, D.G. - \ 2014
    IJmuiden : IMARES (Rapport / IMARES ) - 71
    landgebruiksplanning - gebiedsgericht beleid - noordzee - governance - onderzoeksbeleid - land use planning - integrated spatial planning policy - north sea - governance - research policy
    De veranderingen op zee gaan snel. Aan de ene kant neemt de wens voor bescherming van het marine milieu toe, aan de andere kant vormen goederen en diensten van de zee een groeiende bron van inkomsten. In het beheer van de zee is sprake van een veranderende rol van de overheid, met name de verdeling van regulerende overheden over schalen van lokaal nationaal en regionaal naar Internationaal in EU verband – maar ook in bijvoorbeeld OSPAR en Noordzee verband. Binnen het project Zee op Zicht hebben in de afgelopen vier jaar onderzoekers van Wageningen UR zich gebogen over de vraag hoe je een integraal afwegingskader voor het inrichten van de zee zou kunnen ontwikkelen.
    The Pulse of the city: exploring urban metabolism in Amsterdam
    Voskamp, Ilse ; Stremke, S. - \ 2014
    In: TOPOS Year book 2014 Wageningen : TOPOS - p. 86 - 91.
    stedelijke planning - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - landgebruiksplanning - architectuur - amsterdam - urban planning - sustainability - land use planning - architecture - amsterdam
    Considering ongoing, rapid urbanisation and the vast resource consumption of metropolitan areas around the world, it is important to integrate urban resource management with the design of our future cities. But how can resource management become an integral part of planning and designing urban landscapes
    Metropolitaan Kustlandschap 2100. Verkennende en methodologische analyse van de Belgische Kust
    Paulissen, M.P.C.P. ; Coninx, I. ; Hermans, C.M.L. ; Maas, G.J. ; Aerts, J. ; Paep, M. ; Deken, S. de - \ 2014
    Wageningen/Leuven : Alterra WageningenUR/Bureau Urbanisme - 265
    regionale planning - kustgebieden - landgebruiksplanning - methodologie - historische geografie - landschap - vlaanderen - regional planning - coastal areas - land use planning - methodology - historical geography - landscape - flanders
    De urgentie om op een doordachte manier met ruimte om te gaan is groot. Want de wereld verandert razendsnel. Daarom is het zaak dat de verschillende ruimtelijke entiteiten, zoals wonen, bedrijvigheid, natuur en water, die van belang zijn voor deze maatschappelijke standaarden, op een zo goed mogelijke manier met elkaar in verbinding zijn. Productieve interactie! Vraag is of het huidige planningsinstrumentarium toereikend is om deze urgenties aan te pakken en zo innovatieve ruimtelijke ontwikkelingen tot stand te brengen. Kan het via participatieve processen, of moeten effectievere beleidsinstrumenten worden ontwikkeld? Ontwerpend onderzoek zal in deze ruimtelijke transformaties een grote rol spelen.
    Climate adaptation services for the Netherlands: An operational approach to support spatial adaptation planning
    Goosen, H. ; Groot, M.A.M. de; Masselink, L. ; Koekoek, A. ; Swart, R.J. ; Bessembinder, J. ; Witte, J.M.P. ; Stuyt, L.C.M. ; Blom-Zandstra, G. ; Immerzeel, W. - \ 2014
    Regional Environmental Change 14 (2014)3. - ISSN 1436-3798 - p. 1035 - 1048.
    landgebruik - klimaatverandering - landgebruiksplanning - stakeholders - kennisoverdracht - land use - climatic change - land use planning - stakeholders - knowledge transfer - decision-support - design - visualization - thinking - tools - maps - gap
    There is a growing availability of climate change information, offered to scientists and policy makers through climate services. However, climate services are not well taken up by the policy-making and planning community. Climate services focus on primary impacts of climate change, e.g., the disclosure of precipitation and temperature data, and this seems insufficient in meeting their needs. In this paper, we argue that, in order to reach the spatial planning community, climate services should take on a wider perspective by translating climate data to policy-relevant indicators and by offering support in the design of adaptation strategies. We argue there should be more focus on translating consequences of climate change to land-use claims and subsequently discuss the validity, consequences and implications of these claims with stakeholders, so they can play a role in spatial planning processes where much of the climate adaptation takes place. The term Climate Adaptation Services is introduced as being a stepwise approach supporting the assessment of vulnerability in a wider perspective and include the design and appraisal of adaptation strategies in a multi-stakeholder setting. We developed the Climate Adaptation Atlas and the Climate Ateliers as tools within the Climate Adaptation Services approach to support decision-making and planning processes. In this paper, we describe the different steps of our approach and report how some of the challenges were addressed
    Climate proofing of the Zuidplaspolder: a guiding model approach to climate adaptation
    Groot, M.A.M. de; Goosen, H. ; Steekelenburg, M.G.N. van - \ 2014
    Regional Environmental Change 14 (2014)3. - ISSN 1436-3798 - p. 909 - 918.
    polders - klimaatverandering - landgebruiksplanning - modellen - zuid-holland - polders - climatic change - land use planning - models - zuid-holland - vulnerability - sustainability - netherlands - landscape - knowledge - policies - tools - city
    Climate change will have an impact on various sectors, such as housing, infrastructure, recreation and agriculture. Climate change may change spatial demands. For example, rising temperatures will increase the need for recreation areas, and areas could be assigned for water storage. There is a growing sense that, especially at the local scale, spatial planning has a key role in addressing the causes and impacts of climate change. This paper promotes an approach to help translate information on climate change impacts into a guiding model for adaptive spatial planning. We describe how guiding models can be used in designing integrated adaptation strategies. The concept of guiding models has been developed in the 1990s by Tjallingii to translate the principles of integrated water management in urban planning. We have integrated information about the present and future climate change and set up a climate adaptation guiding model approach. Making use of climate adaptation guiding models, spatial planners should be able to better cope with complexities of climate change impacts and be able to translate these to implications for spatial planning. The climate adaptation guiding model approach was first applied in the Zuidplaspolder case study, one of the first major attempts in the Netherlands to develop and implement an integrated adaptation strategy. This paper demonstrates how the construction of climate adaptation guiding models requires a participatory approach and how the use of climate adaptation guiding models can contribute to the information needs of spatial planners at the local scale, leading to an increasing sense of urgency and integrated adaptation planning process
    Understanding the spatial distribution of agricultural land use in view of climate-driven hydrological changes - Expert Pool Report
    Diogo, V. ; Koomen, E. ; Witte, F. ; Schaap, B.F. - \ 2013
    Utrecht : Knowledge for Climate - 13
    klimaatverandering - regionale planning - landgebruiksplanning - landbouw - gewasopbrengst - grondwaterstand - climatic change - regional planning - land use planning - agriculture - crop yield - groundwater level
    In the context of Knowledge for Climate programme, an expert pool was requested from Theme 6 (high quality climate projections) to provide data and information to study the future impacts of climate change on the agricultural land-use patterns in the Netherlands. More specifically, a number of questions were posed in regard to: 1) representing and explaining the spatial distribution of different types of farming; and 2) simulating with Land Use Scanner the future developments of agricultural land-use while taking into account effects of climate change and changes in (agricultural) policy. The main findings are summarized in the present report.
    Roundfish monitoring Princess amalia Wind Farm
    Hal, R. van - \ 2013
    IJmuiden : IMARES (Report / IMARES Wageningen UR C117/13-A) - 33
    windmolens - windenergie - landgebruiksplanning - visvangsten - monitoring - natuurbescherming - veldwerk - noordzee - windmills - wind power - land use planning - fish catches - monitoring - nature conservation - field work - north sea
    This report describes the results of field work in the Princess Amalia Wind Farm (in Dutch: Prinses Amaliawindpark, or PAWP). It is to realize the requirements of the Monitoring and Evaluation Program, which is part of the Wbr-permit of the wind farm. The objective is to determine if the wind farm functions as a refugium for roundfish. PAWP is expected to act as a refugium because fisheries are excluded in the farm area since 16 October 2007. It is expected that larger and older individuals as well as species vulnerable for fisheries would have a better chance to survive which would result in an increase in numbers and larger individuals.
    Wat beschermen zeereservaten eigenlijk in de Nederlandse Noordzee?
    Lindeboom, H.J. - \ 2013
    Bionieuws 23 (2013)17. - ISSN 0924-7734 - p. 10 - 11.
    natuurbescherming - landgebruiksplanning - natuurgebieden - mariene gebieden - noordzee - nature conservation - land use planning - natural areas - marine areas - north sea
    In een studie naar gebieden met bijzondere ecologische waarden zijn in 2005 een aantal gebieden in de Noordzee geïdentificeerd die aan criteria van de Vogel- en Habitatrichtlijn of aan ecologische criteria voldeden. Meer dan twintig jaar geleden stelde de auteur voor om de zee ruimtelijk beter te verdelen. Is het niet zinvol om op een beperkt aantal plaatsen aan natuurbescherming te doen. In Australië lukte dat in elk geval.
    Open akkers en boomteelt rond Oirschot, behoud door ontwikkeling
    Schaap, B.F. ; Beunen, R. ; Aalvanger, A. ; Dolders, T. - \ 2013
    Wageningen : Wetenschapswinkel (Rapport / Wetenschapswinkel Wageningen UR 296) - ISBN 9789461731838 - 44
    boomteelt - landgebruik - bouwland - cultuurlandschap - landgebruiksplanning - noord-brabant - arboriculture - land use - arable land - cultural landscape - land use planning - noord-brabant
    Stichting Behoud Erfgoed Oirschot (SBEO) heeft zich ten doel gesteld om de open en bolle akkercomplexen rond Oirschot te beschermingen in het licht van huidig en toekomstig landgebruik. De rol van de boomteelt is voor SBEO een belangrijk onderdeel van dit vraagstuk omdat deze sector rond Oirschot veel aanwezig is en mogelijk cultuurhistorische waarden kan aantasten door verandering van de openheid en mogelijke afvoer van grond na de oogst van de bomen. De cultuurhistorische waardenkaart en de erfgoedkaart laten zien dat de open akkercomplexen een hoge cultuurhistorische en archeologische waarde hebben. Gedurende het onderzoeksproces is gebleken dat deze resultaten in een breder perspectief geplaatst moeten worden. Het landschap rondom Oirschot moet als een levend landschap worden gezien.
    The importance of reflexivity in planning and design education
    Beunen, R. ; Assche, K.A.M. van; Duineveld, M. - \ 2013
    Wageningen : Wageningen UR - ISBN 9789461737120 - 22
    leerplanontwikkeling - ontwerp - regionale planning - landschapsarchitectuur - landgebruiksplanning - governance - curriculum development - design - regional planning - landscape architecture - land use planning - governance
    This is a special edition of a Wageningen University Working Papers in Evolutionary Governance Theory (EGT). EGT offers a new perspective on the way markets, institutions and societies evolve together. It can be of use to anyone interested in market and public sector reform, development, public administration, politics and law. Theoretically, the approach draws on a wide array of sources: institutional & development economics, systems theories, post- structuralism, actor- network theories, discourse theory, planning theory and legal studies. In this working paper we use the EGT perspective to make an argument for greater reflexivity in planning and design education. Reflexivity is understood as a sustained reflection on the positionality of knowledge and presented as an opportunity to strengthen the academic dimension of planning and design curricula. The planning and design curricula, we argue, cannot tackle these issues without a deeper and more systematic self-reflection, a reflection on the disciplines, their teaching, on the role of planners and designers in society. We will show how research and outreach can play a transformative role in the development and delivery of professional landscape architecture and planning curricula (see also
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