Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Rivierenland leeft! Verbinden door samenwerking : Quickscan naar trends, kansen en opgaven met betrekking tot de leefbaarheid in Regio Rivierenland
    Gies, T.J.A. ; Nieuwenhuizen, W. - \ 2017
    Wageningen : Wageningen Environmental Research (Wageningen Environmental Research rapport 2777) - ISBN 9789463430791 - 41
    levensomstandigheden - perceptie - omgevingspsychologie - milieu - rivierengebied - living conditions - perception - environmental psychology - environment - rivierengebied
    Leefbaarheid gaat over prettig wonen, werken en leven en is daarom is een belangrijk thema voor Regio Rivierenland, een samenwerkingsverband van tien gemeenten, te weten Buren, Culemborg, Geldermalsen, Lingewaal, Maasdriel, Neder-Betuwe, Neerrijnen, Tiel, Zaltbommel en West Maas en Waal. In deze quickscan brengen we de belangrijkste ontwikkelingen m.b.t. de leefbaarheid in beeld. We geven inzicht in de kansen en bedreigingen waarin naast de huidige situatie ook de verwachte ontwikkelingen en trends voor Regio Rivierenland geschetst worden. Daarmee concretiseren we de belangrijkste opgaven en uitdagingen voor de komende jaren in regio Rivierenland.
    Bonding by doing : the dynamics of self-organizing groups of citizens taking charge of their living environment
    Dam, R.I. van - \ 2016
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Katrien Termeer; Andre van der Zande. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462578975 - 188
    citizens - groups - public authorities - public domain - living conditions - social participation - democracy - governance - case studies - society - burgers - groepen - overheid - overheidsdomein - levensomstandigheden - sociale participatie - democratie - governance - gevalsanalyse - samenleving

    This thesis is about groups of citizens following their ideals and taking charge of their living environment. The research set out to investigate the practice of citizens’ initiatives and self-organizing communities, seen as groups of people who organize themselves, take action in the public domain, create public values and organize and manage their social, cultural and green living environment. The topicality of the concept of citizens’ initiatives and self-organizing communities—from empirical, normative and scientific perspectives—sparked an interest in investigating their actual practice: people’s reasons for getting involved, the meaning they assign to place and what people mean for places, the activities and the strategies, the (informal) organization, how the initiatives develop and the relations they entail. Besides investigating how citizens’ initiatives and self-organizing communities develop and achieve things, the research examines the implications for governance processes, and the role and approach of citizens and government organizations in these processes. A micro-perspective is used to focus on analysing how citizens’ initiatives and self-organizing communities act on the road from ideal to realization. Moreover, the practice of groups of citizens taking charge of their living environment is approached here from a relational perspective, focussing on questions around bonding processes and interaction, and the dynamics that come with them. As a consequence, the research questions are: (1) how do the dynamics within and between groups of people taking charge of their living environment and their surroundings manifest themselves? and (2) how do groups of people taking charge of their living environment affect governance processes and vice versa?

    In this thesis, an interpretive research approach was chosen, based on case studies and the principles of openness and heterogeneity. The interpretive research approach made it possible to start with a general interest in the development of groups of people taking charge of their living environment and from there to delve deeper into the aspects that seemed relevant. Importantly, particularly given that this study focuses on people’s approaches and activities, this approach views the social as constructed in the intertwinement of action and meaning; it also values various ways in which meaning arises, including informal and less rational approaches and values. In total, seventeen cases of citizens’ initiatives and self-organizing communities are studied. Of these seventeen, one case is studied in great depth and at various points in time, another seven in moderate depth and nine cases are studied at a broader, more illustrative and exploratory level. The data was collected through a combination of interviews, casual conversations, participatory observation, non-participatory observation and learning network meetings, as well as a study of secondary material. The qualitative analysis took place in iterative phases in which several analytical concepts were applied. Triangulation was ensured by using a variety of methods and theories. The findings are presented in five empirical chapters (Chapters 2 to 6 of this thesis).

    Chapter 2 describes a study in which the transition in societal organization from a heavy reliance on the state to self-organization is examined by analysing two self-organizing communities. The case studies of the ADM squatter community [Amsterdamse Doe-het-Zelf Maatschappij - Amsterdam do-it-yourself company] and the Golfresidence Dronten show how these communities of self-organizing citizens created their own residential arrangements and took the initiative in developing a unique spatial environment. The role self-organization plays differs depending on how the communities were established and the inhabitants’ motivations. There are also differences in the physical appearance of the two communities and the communities’ organization and rules. Although quite different self-organizing communities, both are manifestations of alternative living arrangements, both socially and spatially, and address the differences in citizens’ needs concerning living arrangements in society in general. As such, concluding remarks concern the value of and need for heterogeneity.

    Chapter 3 presents an analysis of the social and spatial bonding processes affecting a squatter community who lived at Fort Pannerden for about seven years. Besides describing the relation between the squatters and the fort, the chapter analyses the influence of the squatters’ actions on the development of the fort and on the local community and local governmental organizations in terms of social and spatial bonding processes. It shows how a non-institutional actor—a squatter community—was able to breathe new life into a national monument that had been abandoned for several decades, reconnecting a cultural heritage site to society and vice versa.

    Chapter 4 analyses the citizens’ initiatives Natural Area Grasweg and Collective Farmers of Essen and Aa’s in terms of their evolution, their organization and the strategies adopted. Strategies are understood as something people do, rather than something organizations and firms have. Natural Area Grasweg chose a formal approach for the organization of their initiative, adjusting it to institutional settings. For Collective Farmers of Essen and Aa’s, by contrast, it is an explicit goal to get local residents involved, fostering a sense of community and collectively improving the cultural historical landscape. Both cases are viewed here as the contingent product of a self-transforming organization, and a way of relating its internal processes to the outside world. The chapter analyses the ability of citizens’ initiatives to adapt and to mobilize, which makes them a powerful and relevant development in the governance area.

    Chapter 5 focusses on the mutually activated process of subjectification in citizens’ initiatives. Analysing the citizens’ initiatives Lingewaard Natural, Border Experience Enschede and Residents’ Association and Action Committee Horstermeerpolder, it is argued that the discourses produced by governmental organizations on what it entails to be an active citizen have a performative effect on citizens’ initiatives, which adapt themselves, anticipate what is expected of them and act strategically with respect to these discourses.

    Chapter 6 presents an exploratory study of the citizens’ initiatives Sustainable Soester quarter, Caetshage City Farm, Emma’s Court, Power of Utrecht, Beautiful Wageningen, Ecopeace, As We Speak, Canal Park Leiden and Harderwijk Steiner School Natural Playground. The study shows how the participatory society and information society come together at the community level. Regarding the role of information in how citizens’ initiatives operate and develop, it is concluded that informational capital is fundamental to the realization of citizens’ initiatives, that there is a dynamic between social capital, human capital and informational capital and that informational capital is generated, identified, used and enlarged through the relational strategies of bonding, bridging and linking. It is a process which works both ways and reinforces citizens’ initiatives.

    Chapter 7 synthesizes the outcomes of the five chapters and provides an answer to the research questions. The research revealed four sets of dynamics in and between groups of people taking charge of their living environment. Firstly, there are the dynamics of the drivers causing citizens to take charge of their living environment. Citizens’ initiatives and self-organizing communities are triggered by an interplay of drivers that originate on the one hand in the citizens’ ideals and their intrinsic will to do something, and on the other hand in dissatisfaction with the current situation, whether locally, at the policy level or at a broader societal level. They often choose subjects close to their everyday lives but with a broader societal component. As a consequence, the interplay between public interest and self-interest is another important driver in how and why citizens’ initiatives and self-organizing communities operate. Secondly, in the operation, development and realization of groups of self-organizing citizens, there is a dynamic relationship between social capital, human capital and informational capital. These forms of capital can be seen as ‘resources’ that ‘feed’ the communities and initiatives. Social, human and informational capital are forms of capital related to a changing society in which citizens play a vital role in creating public values and where other, less tangible, forms of capital become important. The various forms of capital interact and can reinforce each other, contributing to the development of the initiatives. The third set of dynamics concerns the dynamics of the relational strategies of bonding, bridging and linking. Using the interrelated relational strategies, groups of people taking charge of their living environment connect with different actors, both institutional and non-institutional, at different times and levels of intensity. By establishing connections with others, citizens’ initiatives embed themselves in society. They interact with others, using and at the same time growing their social, human and informational capital. Fourthly, the dynamics between social and spatial bonding are revealed in groups of people taking charge of their living environment. Place turned out to be more than the context; often it is also part of the objective. The citizens in the initiatives connected with a place and thought and behaved in a certain way, but they also enabled others to connect (or reconnect) with a place and to think and act in a certain way in relation to the place. So these citizens mobilize and connect people. When groups of people take charge of their living environment, we clearly see that social bonding processes (bonding, bridging and linking) and spatial bonding processes (cognitive, affective and conative) are inextricably intertwined: they interact with, influence and reinforce one another. This can be symbolized by the double helix, two DNA strings twisted around each other.

    Furthermore, the interaction in governance processes was dealt with by summarizing the patterns and mechanisms found in the interaction between self-organizing citizens and others, particularly between citizens and governmental organizations. A pattern was analysed in how the internal process of groups of citizens taking charge of their living environment relates to the outside world. In this process of self-transformation, the identity of a citizens’ initiative—seen broadly as how they define themselves and how they operate—is influenced by their interpretations of the immediate and relevant outside world, which in turn shapes their strategies. In this process of self-transformation, specifically in relation to governmental organizations, citizens’ initiatives tend to internalize the assumptions about what is considered important to the relevant governmental institutions, which often leads to them pursuing formal strategies and adopting a formal identity. The case studies showed that government officials often only tend to like those citizens’ initiatives that they can relate to, in terms of both content and form. Citizens’ initiatives that have other objectives, take a different course of action, have a different form or express a different opinion are often bullied or treated as irrelevant. This governmental dominancy is influenced in turn by the way citizens’ initiatives act and position themselves with respect to governmental organizations. They adapt, anticipate and act strategically with regard to their images of governmental organizations and their interpretations of these organizations’ wishes. In other words, they apply the techniques of adaptation, anticipation and framing themselves constructively. So in the practice of Dutch citizens’ initiatives, the initiators are both made subject and subject themselves to governmental organizations. The initiators can be labelled as obedient and submissive, but also as smart and strategic. This leads to the conclusion that there is teamwork going on between citizens and governmental organizations, in which there is a mutual reproduction of government thinking.

    Assuming we want to move towards a more citizen-driven society, this thesis reveals that there is indeed a great deal of potential in citizens. Reflecting further on new practices, one can say both citizens and governmental institutions need to learn and to take the next step. There is a need for an interplay of forces in which all actors contribute in their own way to the joint creation of public values. Although the development of self-organization is also taking place on the continuum between citizens and the market, as well as in a variety of different combinations of these players, one can say that the way to go forward, specifically in the relationship between citizens and government, is to aim for an interplay in which ‘learning by doing’ is followed by ‘bonding by doing’. To conclude, groups of people taking charge of their living environment (or something else) is an expression of an informal and participatory democracy that is giving shape to democratic values. This ‘do-ocracy’ is not just an alternative but can also be a complementary form of democracy that meets a need related to democratic values. Democracy can be seen as an ongoing process which needs working on.

    Burgerkracht is 'hot'
    Dam, R.I. van - \ 2015
    Groen : vakblad voor groen in stad en landschap 71 (2015)3. - ISSN 0166-3534 - p. 22 - 28.
    stedelijke planning - levensomstandigheden - kwaliteit van het leven - nederland - stadsvernieuwing - urban planning - living conditions - quality of life - netherlands - urban renewal
    Healthy Ageing: prevention of loneliness among elderly people : evaluation of a complex intervention in public health practice
    Honigh - de Vlaming, R. - \ 2013
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Lisette de Groot; Pieter van 't Veer, co-promotor(en): Annemien Haveman-Nies. - S.l. : s.n. - ISBN 9789461735041 - 214
    ouderen - verouderen - levensomstandigheden - sociale integratie - sociologie - interventie - volksgezondheid - nederland - elderly - aging - living conditions - social integration - sociology - intervention - public health - netherlands

    Introduction
    Concerns about the ageing population and formal responsibilities of local governments to promote social cohesion and to enhance participation of vulnerable groups in society placed loneliness prevention high on the local policy agenda of Dutch municipalities in the past decade. The study described in this thesis was part of the Healthy Ageing programme of the Academic Collaborative Centre AGORA and aimed to contribute to more effective, evidence-based and problem-oriented approaches to healthy ageing at the local level.

    Aim
    The general aim of this thesis was to evaluate the effectiveness of a local intervention project – called Healthy Ageing – targeting loneliness among non-institutionalised elderly people. Healthy Ageing consisted of five intervention components, namely, a mass media campaign, information meetings, psychosocial group courses, social activities organised by neighbours, Neighbours Connected, and training of intermediaries.

    Methods
    First, the influence of socio-demographic and health characteristics on changes in loneliness over time and municipal differences in the prevalence of loneliness were investigated. Data were gathered from 9,641 persons who participated in the Elderly Health Survey of the community health service, GGD Noord- en Oost- Gelderland (former GGD Gelre-IJssel), in 2005 or 2010. Second, the overall-effect of Healthy Ageing on the initial outcome loneliness literacy, intermediate outcome social support, and ultimate outcome loneliness was evaluated using a quasi-experimental pre-test post-test design, including an intervention and control community. Baseline and follow-up measurements, in 2008 and 2010 respectively, were available for 858 non-institutionalized elderly people. The Loneliness Literacy Scale was developed within the context of this thesis and was pre-tested in a separate study among 303 elderly persons who also participated in the quasi-experimental study. Finally, delivery, reach, and acceptance of the individual intervention components was studied in several satellite studies. Data were collected by different means, e.g. project records and surveys among participants. Furthermore, the acceptability of the mass media communication materials, information meetings, and psychosocial courses of Healthy Ageing was studied by in-depth interviews with 14 clients of the meal delivery service in the intervention community.



    Results
    Overall and across municipalities, average loneliness scores did not significantly differ between 2005 and 2010. However, among the subgroup with mobility disabilities, loneliness was significantly higher in 2010. Furthermore, mobility disabilities and marital status were the most important factors explaining differences between municipalities. With regard to the evaluation of Healthy Ageing, the satellite studies showed that the reach and intensity of the intervention components were modest. Furthermore, from the interviews it appeared that the mass media communication materials were not successful in attracting attention because interviewees did not expect health information from these communication channels, the perceived personal relevance of the message was low, and the presentation was not attractive. Moreover, the content of the intervention components was not well received because the objectives and intervention components did not connect well with the priority group’s daily life. In addition, it appeared from the quasi-experimental study that 39% of the study participants from the intervention community was familiar with Healthy Ageing at follow-up. Overall, the intervention group scored more favourably on the loneliness literacy subscales, motivation (4.4%), perceived social support (8.2%), and subjective norm (11.5%) than the control group. However, no overall effects were observed for the intermediate and ultimate outcomes, total social support and loneliness after two years.

    Conclusion
    Given the modest overall intervention exposure, the effect of Healthy Ageing on the loneliness literacy subscale, motivation, is plausible, whereas on the subscales, perceived social support and subjective norm, probable, and on the subscale, self-efficacy, unlikely. Furthermore, whether the initial effects will carry forward to the intermediate and ultimate outcomes needs to be confirmed. The modest effects of Healthy Ageing can partly be explained by the challenges on organisational level which delayed and suppressed project implementation. Furthermore, the project might have benefited from a more systematic approach in order to ensure better alignment between the intervention components and formulated objectives. Finally, target group differentiation is highly recommended. This evaluation of Healthy Ageing illustrates how researchers can cope with the evaluation challenges of complex interventions which cannot be fully controlled. In turn, this provides valuable lessons for the development of intervention programmes and evaluation designs in public health practice.

    Sociale innovatie als veelbelovend concept in krimpregio's
    During, R. - \ 2013
    Syscope Magazine 2013 (2013)31. - p. 27 - 30.
    regionale ontwikkeling - bevolkingsafname - krimp - levensomstandigheden - kwaliteit van het leven - gemeenschapsontwikkeling - sociale interactie - participatie - regional development - population decrease - shrinkage - living conditions - quality of life - community development - social interaction - participation
    Steeds vaker nemen burgers en ondernemers het heft in eigen handen voor de leefbaarheid van hun regio. Ze pakken kansen op, gaan nieuwe verantwoordelijkheden aan en doorbreken daarmee de traditionele maatschappijstructuren. Sociale innovatie noemen we dat. Sociale innovaties kunnen krimpregio’s nieuwe perspectieven geven. Deze nieuwe perspectieven gaan dan niet uit van groei, maar van het collectief overeind houden van de leefbaarheid.
    Zeven redenen om in crisistijd toch te investeren in een groene stad
    Visschedijk, P.A.M. - \ 2012
    Kennis Online 9 (2012)okt. - p. 3 - 5.
    gemeenten - sociaal beleid - welzijn - openbaar groen - economische crises - stadsomgeving - levensomstandigheden - besluitvorming - municipalities - social policy - well-being - public green areas - economic crises - urban environment - living conditions - decision making
    Bezuinigingen staan bij alle gemeenteraden op de agenda. Onderhoud en aanleg van groen is één van de posten waar veel gemeenten op bezuinigen. Een aantal steden, zoals Utrecht, Nijmegen en Maastricht, blijft wel veel aandacht geven aan groen. Verstandig, zegt onderzoeker Peter Visschedijk van Alterra Wageningen UR, want groen levert uiteindelijk meer op dan het kost. Groene steden zijn schoner en gezonder en trekken een hoger opgeleide bevolking. Uiteindelijk is dat ook goed voor de kas van de gemeente. Zeven redenen om ondanks krappe budgetten, toch te investeren in groen.
    Shrimp fisheries and aquaculture : making a living in the coastal frontier of Berau, Indonesia
    Gunawan, B. - \ 2012
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Leontine Visser, co-promotor(en): A.S. Sidik. - [S.l. : S.n. - ISBN 9789461732866 - 233
    garnalen - schaal- en schelpdierenvisserij - schaal- en schelpdierenteelt - aquacultuur - kustgebieden - vissers - middelen van bestaan - plattelandsontwikkeling - visgronden - hulpbronnenbeheer - toezicht - besluitvorming - levensomstandigheden - indonesië - shrimps - shellfish fisheries - shellfish culture - aquaculture - coastal areas - fishermen - livelihoods - rural development - fishing grounds - resource management - surveillance - decision making - living conditions - indonesia
    Social Relations in Ottoman Diyarbekir, 1870-1915
    Jongerden, J.P. ; Verheij, J. - \ 2012
    Leiden & Boston : Brill (Ottoman empire and its heritage vol. 51) - ISBN 9789004225183 - 368
    osmaanse rijk - turkije - west-azië - geschiedenis - sociale structuur - etnische groepen - levensomstandigheden - ottoman empire - turkey - west asia - history - social structure - ethnic groups - living conditions
    War and the Crisis of Youth in Sierra Leone
    Peters, K. - \ 2011
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press (International African library 41) - ISBN 9781107004191 - 292
    kinderen - oorlog - jeugd - plattelandsontwikkeling - geschiedenis - sociologie - levensomstandigheden - platteland - conflict - sierra leone - west-afrika - minst ontwikkelde landen - grondeigendom - children - war - youth - rural development - history - sociology - living conditions - rural areas - conflict - sierra leone - west africa - least developed countries - land ownership
    War and the Crisis of Youth in Sierra Leone addresses the currently incomplete understanding of the conflict in Sierra Leone by focusing on the direct experiences and interpretations of protagonists. The data presented challenges the widely canvassed notion of this conflict as a war motivated by "greed, not grievance," pointing instead to a rural crisis expressed in terms of unresolved tensions between landowners and marginalized rural youth, further reinforced and triggered by a collapsing patrimonial state.
    Meer profijt van inheemse fruitbomen
    Berg, J. van den - \ 2010
    Kennis Online 7 (2010)maart. - p. 11 - 11.
    voedselzekerheid - vruchtbomen - sahel - fruitproducten - levensomstandigheden - ontwikkelingslanden - food security - fruit trees - sahel - fruit products - living conditions - developing countries
    Inheemse fruitbomen zijn in de Sahel belangrijk voor de bodemvruchtbaarheid en om van te eten en producten van te verkopen. Alle sociale klassen zijn daarin betrokken. Maar er is meer mogelijk, laat onderzoek zien waar het LEI aan meewerkte
    Sociaal-economische vitaliteit en leefbaarheid en het ILG : de rol van LNV bij het versterken van sociaal-economische vitaliteit en leefbaarheid van het landelijk gebied
    Fontein, R.J. - \ 2009
    Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 1973) - 104
    regionale ontwikkeling - regionaal beleid - economisch beleid - levensomstandigheden - regionale planning - sociaal-economische positie - kwaliteit van het leven - regionaal bestuur - nederland - regional development - regional policy - economic policy - living conditions - regional planning - socioeconomic status - quality of life - regional government - netherlands
    Het ministerie van LNV vraagt zich af of het beleidsthema sociaal-economsiche vitaliteit en leefbaarheid structureel moet worden toegevoegd aan de ILG bestuursovereenkomsten. Het idee bestaat namelijk dat het rijk, provincies moet ondersteunen in de uitvoering van beleid op het gebied van sociaal-economische vitaliteit en leefbaarheid. Om hierover uitspraken te doen bevat dit rapport een analyse hoe provincies het beleidsthema tot nu toe zelf invullen, welke problemen en successen ze daarbij ervaren en wat ze van LNV verwachten
    Moerdijk milieuwinst mogelijk? : onderzoek naar de effecten op milieu en leefbaarheid van de aanleg van een nieuw logistiek bedrijventerrein in de gemeente Moerdijk
    Blitterswijk, H. van; Heutinck, L.B.M. ; Vries, E.A. de - \ 2009
    Wageningen : Wetenschapswinkel Wageningen UR (Alterra-rapport 1879) - ISBN 9789085851837 - 28
    regionale planning - transport - milieueffect - milieubeleid - sociaal welzijn - levensomstandigheden - nederland - bedrijventerreinen - logistiek - milieu-analyse - noord-brabant - regional planning - transport - environmental impact - environmental policy - social welfare - living conditions - netherlands - business parks - logistics - environmental analysis - noord-brabant
    De Stichting Behoud Buitengebied Moerdijk (SBBM) probeert te voorkomen dat rijk, provincie en de gemeente Moerdijk een nieuw logistiek bedrijventerrein van 150 ha ontwikkelen in het buitengebied van Moerdijk. Omdat de SBBM twijfels had bij de argumentatie van de overheden, heeft zij de Wetenschapswinkel van Wageningen UR gevraagd onderzoek te doen naar de milieueffecten en de gevolgen voor de leefbaarheid van de aanleg van dit bedrijventerrein. De aanleg van het bedrijventerrein levert financiële middelen op waarmee de gemeente een aantal knelpunten kan oplossen. Bedrijven die in de kleine kernen hinder opleveren en gezondheidsrisico’s met zich meebrengen kunnen naar elders worden verplaatst. De gemeente claimt dat er sprake is van milieuwinst en van verbetering van de leefbaarheid. Alterra heeft onderzocht in hoeverre het totaal aan projecten winst oplevert voor milieu en leefbaarheid. Uit het onderzoek blijkt dat er geen sprake is van milieuwinst, maar van verplaatsing van effecten op het milieu. Verder blijkt dat de leefbaarheid in de kernen inderdaad vooruit gaat. In de omgeving van het logistieke park en langs de toegangs- en snelwegen verslechtert de leefbaarheid, mede door nieuw aangetrokken bedrijvigheid, maar hiervan ondervinden minder woningen overlast dan in de oude situatie.
    Groen is gezond : belangrijkste conclusies uit het vitamine G onderzoeksprogramma
    Ronde, K. - \ 2009
    Alterra
    gezondheid - levensomstandigheden - groene zones - stadsomgeving - openbare parken - stedelijke gebieden - openbaar groen - welzijn - health - living conditions - green belts - urban environment - public parks - urban areas - public green areas - well-being
    Onderzoekers van het Vitamine G onderzoeksprogramma hebben voor de eerste keer op een overtuigende wijze door middel van uiteenlopende wetenschappelijke methoden aangetoond dat een groene omgeving goed voor de gezondheid is. Bovendien hebben zij ook onderzocht waarom groen gezond is. De belangrijkste resultaten van het onderzoek zijn in deze brochure samengevat
    Een zorg(e)loze oude dag op het platteland : vergrijzing en vrijwilligerswerk op het platteland
    Vader, J. ; Blaeij, A.T. de; Elst, M. van der; Dijk, J.J. van - \ 2008
    Den Haag : LEI (Rapport / LEI : Werkveld 4, Rurale economie en ruimtegebruik ) - ISBN 9789086152353 - 68
    landbouwbeleid - platteland - plattelandsbevolking - plattelandsgemeenschappen - ouderen - gepensioneerden - leeftijdsgroepen - vrijwilligers - dienstverlening door vrijwilligers - vrijwilligerssector - sociale voorzieningen - sociale participatie - levensomstandigheden - nederland - agricultural policy - rural areas - rural population - rural communities - elderly - retired people - age groups - volunteers - voluntary services - voluntary sector - social services - social participation - living conditions - netherlands
    Vergrijzing en veranderingen in het vrijwilligerswerk zijn twee belangrijke ontwikkelingen op het platteland, die elkaar tevens beïnvloeden. Het gat tussen vraag naar en aanbod van vrijwilligerswerk dreigt, mede door vergrijzing, groter te worden. Dit rapport beschrijft de mogelijke gevolgen van vergrijzing voor vrijwilligerswerk en informele zorg op het platteland. Hiervoor is een literatuurstudie uitgevoerd, evenals een data-analyse. Daarnaast is door gesprekken met vrijwilligers lokale kennis verkregen over de gevolgen van vergrijzing voor vrijwilligerswerk op het platteland.
    Impact of integrated pest management farmer field schools on health, farming systems, the environment, and livelihoods of cotton growers in Southern India
    Mancini, F. - \ 2006
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Ariena van Bruggen, co-promotor(en): J.L.S. Jiggins; Aad Termorshuizen. - Wageningen : s.n. - ISBN 9789085043881 - 112
    geïntegreerde plagenbestrijding - gossypium - katoen - boeren - gezondheid - pesticiden - bedrijfssystemen - milieueffect - impact - levensomstandigheden - india - welzijn - integrated pest management - gossypium - cotton - farmers - health - pesticides - farming systems - environmental impact - impact - living conditions - india - well-being - cum laude
    cum laude graduation (with distinction)
    Livelihood and food security in rural Bangladesh- the role of social capital
    Ali, A. - \ 2005
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Anke Niehof. - Wageningen : - ISBN 9789085042969 - 264
    voedselzekerheid - levensomstandigheden - relaties - gemeenschappen - samenleving - menselijke relaties - man-vrouwrelaties - huishoudens - inkomen - platteland - levensstandaarden - vrouwen - Bangladesh - positie van de vrouw - sociale relaties - vrouw en samenleving - arbeid in de landbouw - strategieën voor levensonderhoud - food security - living conditions - relationships - communities - society - human relations - gender relations - households - income - rural areas - living standards - women - Bangladesh - woman's status - social relations - woman and society - farm labour - livelihood strategies
    This thesis describes the role of social capital of households and individuals in achieving livelihood and food security. In the research the temporal dimension and gender were cross-cutting perspectives. IFPRI panel data collected during 1996-1997 (pre-flood) and 1999-2000 (post-flood) were analyzed. To complement the IFPRI data an additional survey and the qualitative data was collected during 2001-2003. Panel data analysis shows that gender of the household head does not make a difference in achieving food security at the household level. However, gender of the household member is crucial for attaining individual level food security. Social capital plays an important role in averting vulnerability and sustaining livelihood, and is influenced by the landholding status of the house hold, which seems to function as collateral. The qualitative data revealed that women's social capital, when defined in a broader way, does play a crucial role in achieving household food security and averting vulnerability.
    Visuele transparantie
    Woerkum, C.M.J. van - \ 2005
    Oogst : weekblad voor de agrarische ondernemer. Landbouw 18 (2005)14. - ISSN 1566-2616 - p. 21 - 21.
    landbouw - landbouw in voorsteden - sociaal-economische positie - levensomstandigheden - voedselproductie - landbouwproductie - stedelijke gebieden - woonwijken - stadsomgeving - recreatie op het platteland - sociaal onderzoek - agriculture - suburban agriculture - socioeconomic status - living conditions - food production - agricultural production - urban areas - residential areas - urban environment - rural recreation - social research
    Via een enquete worden burgers gevraagd naar hun ervaringen met landbouw. De uitkomsten worden gebruikt in 'De Smaak van morgen'; een project van PPO
    Lokale visies op leefbaarheid in dorpen
    Thissen, F. ; Derijcke, E. ; Mierlo, B.C. van - \ 2004
    Rooilijn 37 (2004)2. - ISSN 1380-2860 - p. 70 - 75.
    dorpen - plattelandsgemeenschappen - kwaliteit van het leven - meetinstrumenten - sociaal welzijn - levensomstandigheden - platteland - plattelandsbevolking - villages - rural communities - quality of life - indicating instruments - social welfare - living conditions - rural areas - rural population
    Aan de in Nederland beschikbare methoden om bewoners van dorpen zelf de leefbaarheid ter plaatse vast te laten stellen is een methode toegevoegd uit het Verenigd Koninkrijk. Kern van de methode is een softwareprogramma dat bewoners in staat stelt zelfstandig een vragenlijst te ontwikkelen door vragen uit een database te kiezen en daar zelfgemaakte vragen aan toe te voegen. Vanuit drie perspectieven kan de wijze waarop bewonersgroepen met de geboden keuzemogelijkheden omgaan worden beoordeeld. De keuze van bewoners vloeit immers voort uit verschillende visies op de leefbaarheid ter plaatse
    Consument en burger; gebruik, beleving en leefbaarheid van het platteland
    Buijs, A.E. ; Berends, H.A. ; Berg, L.M. van den - \ 2003
    Den Haag / Wageningen : LEI / Alterra (Alterra-rapport 823) - ISBN 9789052428543 - 136
    platteland - plattelandssamenleving - agrarische samenleving - levensomstandigheden - overheid - openbare mening - attitudes - nederland - rural areas - rural society - agricultural society - living conditions - public authorities - public opinion - attitudes - netherlands
    Aan bod komen in deze studie: 1) belevingsonderzoek vanuit de omgevingspsychologie (theoretische beschouwing); 2) van draagvlak naar governance en debat (de burger, mensenwensen, draagvlak voor natuurbeleid) 3) mensenwensen in een consumptielandschap 4) differentiatie als trend 5) groen en gezondheid 6) leefbaarheid en 7) bruikbaarheid voor het beleid
    Aan de slag met Graauw : dorpsplan met aanbevelingen en actiepunten voor een leefbare toekomst van Graauw en omstreken
    Mooij, S. ; Wilde, J. de - \ 2003
    Wageningen : Wageningen UR, Wetenschapswinkel (Rapport / Wetenschapswinkel Wageningen UR 191) - ISBN 9789067546904 - 69 p.
    levensomstandigheden - rurale welzijnszorg - sociaal-economische positie - plattelandsontwikkeling - plattelandsplanning - nederland - zeeland - living conditions - rural welfare - socioeconomic status - rural development - rural planning - netherlands - zeeland
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