Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Dutch Divergence? : Women’s work, structural change, and household living standards in the Netherlands, 1830-1914
    Boter, Corinne - \ 2017
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): E.H.P. Frankema, co-promotor(en): E.J.V. van Nederveen Meerkerk. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463431835 - 254
    women - work - household budgets - living standards - gender - cultural history - case studies - netherlands - labour market - macroeconomics - microeconomics - western europe - work sharing - participation - vrouwen - werk - huishoudbudgetten - levensstandaarden - geslacht (gender) - cultuurgeschiedenis - gevalsanalyse - nederland - arbeidsmarkt - macro-economie - micro-economie - west-europa - verdeling van werk - participatie

    Women’s work has never been a linear process of extending participation. Instead, female labour force participation (FLFP) has extended and curtailed throughout time. This dissertation studies a period of contraction: the nineteenth-century Netherlands. This country makes an important case study to explore the factors influencing the trajectory of women’s work. First, FLFP rates as recorded in occupational censuses were low compared with surrounding countries. Second, Dutch industrialization took off relatively late and until well into the twentieth century a significant part of the labour force worked in agriculture, in contrast to neighbouring countries such as Britain and Belgium.

    This dissertation contributes to answering the following question: Why were Dutch female labour force participation rates lower than in surrounding countries during the period 1830-1914? I consider the following explanatory factors: social norms, the opportunity costs of women’s labour, and structural change. My conclusions about the relative weight of each factor are as follows. First, social norms regarding women’s role within the household following from the growing desire for domesticity have affected the trajectory of women’s labour. I show that married women withdrew from the registered labour force and instead, performed work that could be combined with domestic chores and that remained invisible in most statistical sources. However, these social norms were likewise strong in other western European countries, such as Britain, where FLFP was higher. Furthermore, Dutch FLFP was already low around 1850 when the transition to the male breadwinner society in western Europe started. Thus, it is no conclusive explanation for the aberrant Dutch trend in FLFP.

    Second, men’s real industrial wages started to rise after 1880 and became increasingly able to take care of a family of four. However, this was not true for men’s agricultural wages. Women’s wages in both sectors hardly increased at all during the nineteenth century in both sectors. I therefore conclude that industrial households were already able to realize a breadwinner-homemaker type of labour division from the 1880s, whereas agricultural households still relied for an important part on other sources of income besides the husband’s wage labour by 1910. Thus, men’s wages profoundly influenced household labour division. However, in Britain, men’s real wages were even higher, but so were FLFP rates in the censuses. Thus, if the extent of men’s real wages was indeed the most important explanatory factor, we would have expected even lower participation rates in Britain than in the Netherlands.

    Third, the impact of economic structure and the changing demand for labour on FLFP has been a pivotal factor of influence. I show that the structure of the local economy had a statistically significant effect on the chance that a bride stated an occupation in her marriage record. Furthermore, in agriculture women increasingly performed work in a private business which was usually not registered in the censuses. Moreover, technological change in the textile industry and the transition to the factory system negatively impacted women’s position in the labour market because married women could no longer combine domestic chores with wage labour. Finally, many parts of the production process that had traditionally been women’s work were taken over by men when mechanization progressed.

    Considering all my research results, I conclude that the structure of the Dutch economy is the most important explanation for the exceptionally low Dutch FLFP rates during the long nineteenth century.

    Applied Macroeconomics
    Heijman, W.J.M. - \ 2000
    Wageningen : Cereales - ISBN 9789080572416 - 123
    macro-economie - economische theorie - toepassingen - computer software - handboeken - begrippen - macroeconomics - economic theory - applications - computer software - handbooks - concepts
    This book contains a course in applied macroeconomics. Macroeconomic theory is applied to real world cases. Students are expected to compute model results with the help of a spreadsheet program. To that end the book also contains descriptions of the spreadsheet applications used, such as linear regression and matrix manipulations. Especially second year students of economics with knowledge of basic theory will benefit from this approach.
    The concept of potential Pareto improvement revisited
    Jongeneel, R. ; Koning, N.B.J. - \ 1999
    Tijdschrift voor sociaalwetenschappelijk onderzoek van de landbouw 14 (1999)3. - ISSN 0921-481X - p. 114 - 126.
    economische analyse - welvaartseconomie - sociaal welzijn - macro-economie - economische theorie - efficiëntie - economic analysis - welfare economics - social welfare - macroeconomics - economic theory - efficiency
    De arena van ketencompetenties: balbezit voor tracking en tracing
    Dorp, C.A. van; Jahae, I.A.M.A. - \ 1998
    Agro Informatica 11 (1998)3. - ISSN 0925-4455 - p. 15 - 18.
    informatietechnologie - macro-economie - landbouwproductie - verticale integratie - rundvee - merken - identificatie - rundvlees - kalfsvlees - information technology - macroeconomics - agricultural production - vertical integration - cattle - marking - identification - beef - veal
    Ketencompetenties worden hier beschouwd als een innovatieve afstemming van competenties van verschillende ketendeelnemers. Invulling wordt gegeven aan tracking en tracing als ketencompetentie. Tegen de achtergrond van het accoord over een Europees runderen-identificatiesysteem en de etikettering van rund- en kalfsvlees wordt getracht hierover kennis te ontsluiten. Traceability van produkt, proces en transport/ logistiek worden besproken
    Perspectieven vleesveredelingsbedrijven
    Vlieger, J.J. de - \ 1997
    Den Haag : LEI-DLO (Mededeling / Landbouw-Economisch Instituut (LEI-DLO), Afdeling Structuuronderzoek 579) - ISBN 9789052423807 - 66
    landbouw - rentabiliteit - macro-economie - vlees - behandeling - verwerking - behoud - slachthuizen - verpakken - nederland - agriculture - profitability - macroeconomics - meat - treatment - processing - preservation - abattoirs - packing - netherlands
    Beschrijving van de functies, de werkgelegenheid, het aan- en verkooppatroon en van toekomstige veranderingen daarin voor vleesveredelingsbedrijven, hun concurrenten (slachterijen) en hun klanten (slagers, grootwinkelbedrijven, horeca-groothandel, cateringbedrijven en vleesvoorverpakkers. De onderzoeksvraag was na te gaan welke invloed de sanering van de runder- en varkensslachterijen had op de marktpositie van vleesveredelings- en vleeshandelsbedrijven. Daarbij diende tevens rekening te worden gehouden met de omschakeling op IKB-vlees en de introductie van samenwerking in ketens.
    Kwaliteitszorg en ketenbewaking; naar een betere besturing van slachterijen (2).
    Zuurbier, P. ; Dortmond, M. - \ 1989
    Vleesdistributie en Vleestechnologie 24 (1989)9. - ISSN 0042-7691 - p. 36 - 39.
    voedingsmiddelen - voedselbewaring - vee- en vleesindustrie - dierlijke producten - vleeswaren - slachthuizen - vlees - verpakken - varkensvlees - vleeskwaliteit - vleeseigenschappen - macro-economie - landbouwproductie - verticale integratie - foods - food preservation - meat and livestock industry - animal products - meat products - abattoirs - meat - packing - pigmeat - meat quality - meat characteristics - macroeconomics - agricultural production - vertical integration
    Ingegaan wordt op de plaats van slachterijen in de agrarische keten en het belang van integrale ketenbewaking in de vleessector
    Verticale integratie en contractteelt in de landbouw
    Anonymous, - \ 1974
    Wageningen : [s.n.] (Literatuurlijst / Centrum voor landbouwpublikaties en landbouwdocumentatie no. 3540)
    contractlandbouw - macro-economie - landbouwproductie - verticale integratie - landbouw - bibliografieën - contract farming - macroeconomics - agricultural production - vertical integration - agriculture - bibliographies
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