Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    The effect of date marking terminology of products with a long shelf life on food discarding behaviour of consumers
    Holthuysen, Nancy ; Kremer, Stefanie ; Bos-Brouwers, Hilke - \ 2017
    Wageningen : Wageningen Food & Biobased Research (Wageningen Food & Biobased Research report 1709) - ISBN 9789463432290 - 26
    keeping quality - food - food wastage - nutrition labeling - terminology - consumer behaviour - houdbaarheid (kwaliteit) - voedsel - voedselverspilling - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - terminologie - consumentengedrag
    Coexistence of GMO production, labeling policies, and strategic firm interaction
    Venus, Thomas Johann - \ 2017
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): J.H.H. Wesseler, co-promotor(en): D. Drabik; M.J. Punt. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463436670 - 148
    genetically engineered organisms - food products - nutrition labeling - labelling - crops - plant breeding - germany - european union - regulations - markets - businesses - genetisch gemanipuleerde organismen - voedselproducten - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - etiketteren - gewassen - plantenveredeling - duitsland - europese unie - regelingen - markten - bedrijven

    This dissertation analyzes the market effects of the coexistence of genetically modified organism (GMO) and conventional production, labeling policies, and strategic firm interactions through vertical product differentiation. Although we focus on GMOs, the applied frameworks can be adopted and extended to other differentiated products where similar concepts apply.

    The main body of the dissertation consists of four chapters. In the first chapter, we estimate the perceived costs of legal requirements (‘coexistence measures’) for growing genetically modified (GM) Bt maize in Germany using a choice experiment. The costs of the evaluated ex-ante and ex-post coexistence measures range from zero to more than 300 euros per hectare per measure, and most of them are greater than the extra revenue the farmers in our survey expect from growing Bt maize or than the estimates in the literature. The cost estimates for temporal separation, which were the highest in our evaluation, imply that the exclusion of this measure in Germany is justified. The costliest measures that are currently applied in Germany are joint and strict liability for all damages. Our results further show that neighbors do not cause a problem and that opportunities for reducing costs through agreements with them exist. Finally, we find that farmers’ attitudes toward genetically modified crops affect the probability of adoption of Bt maize. Our results imply that strict liability will deter the cultivation of Bt maize in Germany unless liability issues can be addressed through other means, for example, through neighbor agreements.

    The coexistence costs have implications for the supply of products in which GMOs are excluded from the production process (i.e., non-GM labeling). This is the topic of the second chapter. In that chapter, we discuss and illustrate the complexity of non-GM food labeling in Germany. We show how a multi-stakeholder organization that sets a voluntary private production and certification standard can combine the opposing and agreeing interests of its members. This cohesion reduces the fears of retailers of NGO pressure in the case of mislabeling. Whereas non-GM labeling in Germany started as a niche for farmer-to-consumer direct marketing and small processors, it was further driven by anti-GMO organizations. Today, retail chains label some of their store brands and are now the drivers. We also discuss how informing consumers through non-GM labeling addresses imperfect information, but at the same time, can create new information imperfections if consumers are not well informed about the labeling system itself.

    Non-GM labeling, together with the EU-wide mandatory labeling of GMOs and their requirements on coexistence, have implications for the potential regulation of crops derived by new plant breeding techniques (NPBTs). In the third chapter, we analyze the market and welfare effects of regulating crops derived by NPBTs as genetically modified or conventional products. We consider the mandatory scheme for labeling GM products and a voluntary non-GM scheme for labeling livestock products derived from non-GM feed. We develop a partial equilibrium model that explicitly takes into account both the coexistence costs at the farm level and the segregation and identity preservation costs at the downstream level. By applying the model to EU rapeseed, we find that regulating NPBTs as GM (as compared to non-GM) in combination with mandatory and voluntary labeling increases prices and therefore makes producers better off. We also show that higher coexistence costs make the price increasing effect even stronger. Voluntary non-GM labeling applied to feed makes consumers in this sector overall worse off, but it benefits farmers and rapeseed oil consumers overall as long as segregation costs are low. Consumers of biodiesel and industrial products, such as lubricants produced from GM rapeseed, benefit from high segregation costs. We show that the effects of farm-level coexistence costs largely differ from the effects of downstream market segregation costs.

    In the last of the four chapters, we consider the effects of market power and analyze the decision of investing in quality updating when high-quality product demand is growing. We model a decision of a duopoly that initially offers a product perceived as lower quality (e.g., GM product) to invest in an emerging high-quality (e.g., labeled non-GM) product. We investigate whether the smaller or the larger firm invests first. Either preemption or a war of attrition can result, depending on demand and cost factors. For each case, we derive the unique Nash equilibrium. We show that a firm’s timing to invest in high-quality production (e.g., implement a voluntary production standard) depends on several factors, such as the difference in firm size between competing firms and the level of vertical differentiation, growth and discount rate, demand parameters, and per-unit production costs. We show that institutions, which set private or public certification standards, can affect firms’ investment in differentiated products because the standard stringency affects the production and compliance costs as well as the level of product differentiation. Hence, through the setting of these standards, private and governmental institutions can impact the market structure as well as the growth of an emerging market. Finally, we discuss policy implications and how an adjustment of the EU-regulatory framework from a process- to a product-based system can make several issues discussed in this thesis problems of the past.

    Adding value through health claims: an empirical analysis of the Italian yogurt market
    Bimbo, Francesco - \ 2017
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): A.G.J.M. Oude Lansink, co-promotor(en): Alessandro Bonanno. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463434508 - 130
    milk products - yoghurt - food products - health foods - business economics - consumer preferences - nutrition labeling - italy - europe - melkproducten - yoghurt - voedselproducten - gezondheidsvoedsel - bedrijfseconomie - consumentenvoorkeuren - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - italië - europa

    In recent years policymakers have aimed to increase the general awareness regarding the link between diet and health, providing food companies with an opportunity to add health-enhancing features in order to differentiate their products. The European market of these products, referred to here as functional foods, is regulated according to the European regulation 1924/2006 on nutrition and health claims on foods.

    Even though the European functional foods’ market has grown steadily over the last 20 years, more than 3 out of 4 new functional products are withdrawn from the market within two years from launch. Indeed, firms have to overcome three main obstacles to market health-enhancing products successfully. First, consumer-related factors, such as the heterogeneity of consumer acceptance of, and preferences for, new functional products; second, firms' difficulties in selecting the optimal attribute profiles to meet consumer demand for health features and; third, firms' difficulties to target consumers with a high enough willingness to pay to ensure the profitability of those investments needed to develop and market functional products.

    The general objective of this thesis is to assess quantitatively the implicit price of health claims as well as to generate new knowledge that will inform firms on how to target consumers with higher WTP for functional products.

    This thesis uses the Italian yogurt market as a case study for three reasons. First, yogurt is considered intrinsically healthy and it is one of the most credible carriers of functional ingredients: the category of fermented functional dairy accounts for nearly 43 per cent of the total functional products’ market. Second, among European countries, Italy saw the launch of the highest number (592) of new healthy products in the period 2005-2009; the majority of the new products introduced were functional yogurts benefiting digestive health (336), the immune system (99) and cardiovascular health (65). Third, the Italian yogurt market is characterized by a high level of differentiation with respect of health attributes, with manufacturers offering a variety of products carrying health claims, appearing suitable to analyze the problem at hand.

    The results of this thesis show that in the Italian yogurt market the implicit prices of “risk reduction” claim is higher than that of “general function” ones (respectively, +222.6% vs +85.5% of the baseline alternative’s price in the case of cholesterol reduction health claim), and in three out of four cases, health claims supported by familiar brands have higher implicit price than those supported by less-familiar ones. Those results confirm findings collected in the systematic literature review which highlights a consensus that claims supported by familiar brands as well as “risk reduction” (vis-à-vis “general function”) ones increase consumers’ acceptance of functional dairy products. The results also point out that “natural” and “organic” claims lead to implicit prices which are (approximately) +46.6% and +102.0% over the price of the baseline alternative, comparable to those of some of the health claims. Other results indicate that manufacturers operating in the Italian yogurt market investing in credence attributes (health claims, organic and natural) gain the ability to target consumers with higher WTP by including two or more products carrying credence attribute in their portfolio. Lastly, the findings of this thesis reveal that consumers’ body image dissatisfaction, along with not reading food labels and lower knowledge about leading functional yogurt brands, are associated with lower number of functional yogurt packages purchased by Italian yogurt consumers using a virtual shelf setting.

    Effect van houdbaarheidsdata van lang houdbare producten op weggooigedrag van consumenten
    Holthuysen, N.T.E. ; Kremer, S. ; Bos-Brouwers, H.E.J. - \ 2016
    Wageningen : Wageningen Food & Biobased Research (Wageningen Food & Biobased Research rapport 1709) - ISBN 9789463430852 - 22
    houdbaarheid (kwaliteit) - voedsel - voedselverspilling - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - terminologie - consumentengedrag - keeping quality - food - food wastage - nutrition labeling - terminology - consumer behaviour
    Tafel van Louise Fresco : tentoonstelling Foodtopia, Boerhaave Museum
    Fresco, L.O. - \ 2015
    Wageningen : Wageningen UR
    voedingsmiddelen - algen - aardappelen - appels - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - insecten als voedsel - overgewicht - robots - brood - dierenwelzijn - vis - voedselproductie - foods - algae - potatoes - apples - nutrition labeling - insects as food - overweight - robots - bread - animal welfare - fish - food production
    Hoe ziet ons eten er in de toekomst uit? En waar halen we het vandaan? Louise O. Fresco, voorzitter van de Raad van Bestuur van Wageningen UR, is gastconservator van de tentoonstelling FOODTOPIA in museum Boerhaave. Deze filmpjes zijn onderdeel van de tentoonstelling en geeft een kijkje in de toekomst van ons voedsel. Onderwerpen zijn: algen, aardappel, de appel, etiketten, insecten, overgewicht, respect, robots, brood, dierenwelzijn en vis.
    Voedsel- en diervoederveiligheid van algenproducten : Verkenning van wet- en regelgeving voor voedselveilige productie van algen
    Voort, M.P.J. van der - \ 2015
    Lelystad : PPO AGV (PPO rapport 631) - 17
    algenteelt - humane voeding - veevoeder - wetgeving - iso - erkende regelingen - voedselveiligheid - certificering - beleid inzake voedsel - voedselindustrie - voedingsmiddelenwetgeving - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - nieuwe voedingsmiddelen - voederveiligheid - algae culture - human feeding - fodder - legislation - iso - approval schemes - food safety - certification - food policy - food industry - food legislation - nutrition labeling - novel foods - feed safety
    Het telen van algen als voedsel of diervoeder brengt, net als bij andere voedselproducten, eisen voor voedselveiligheid met zich mee.
    EU Food Law Handbook
    Meulen, B.M.J. van der - \ 2014
    Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers (European Institute for Food Law series no. 9) - ISBN 9789086862467 - 692
    voedingsmiddelenwetgeving - internationaal recht - voedselbesmetting - etiketteren - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - voedsel - voer - voedingsmiddelen - europese unie - food legislation - international law - food contamination - labelling - nutrition labeling - food - feeds - foods - european union
    The twenty-first century has witnessed a fundamental reform of food law in the European Union, to the point where modern EU food law has now come of age. This book presents the most significant elements of these legal developments with contributions from a highly qualified team of academics and practitioners. Their analysis is based on a shared vision of the structure and content of EU food law. The book takes the perspective of food law embedded within general EU law. It highlights the consequences of this combination and provides insights into both substantive and procedural food law. Taking the General Food Law as a focal point, this handbook analyses and explains the institutional, substantive and procedural elements of EU food law. Principles are discussed as well as specific rules addressing food as a product, the processes related to food and communication about food to consumers through labelling. These rules define requirements on subjects like market authorisation for food additives, novel foods and genetically modified foods, food hygiene, tracking & tracing, withdrawal & recall. The powers of public authorities to enforce food law and to deal with incidents are outlined. Attention is given to the international context (WTO, Codex Alimentarius) as well as to private standards. In addition to the systematic analysis, the book includes selected topics such as nutrition and health policy, special foods, food import requirements, food contact materials, intellectual property and animal feed.
    Labelling the origin of food products: towards sustainable territorial development?
    Lopez Moreno, I. - \ 2014
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Jandouwe van der Ploeg, co-promotor(en): E. Aguilar Criado. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462570177 - 191
    overgangseconomieën - voedselproductie - bedrijfssystemen - voedselproducten - herkomst - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - kwaliteitsetikettering - landbouw bedrijven - duurzame ontwikkeling - platteland - europa - transition economies - food production - farming systems - food products - provenance - nutrition labeling - quality labelling - farming - sustainable development - rural areas - europe
    The transition from domestic to market economy in rural areas of Europe is an ongoing process that affect and is affected by local and global dynamics. The outcome of this process is unique, but if we analyse and compare each case, it is possible to find patterns and common tendencies. This book highlights the unique and common elements of these transitions, and in order to do so, it takes as reference one case from the south of Europe, the attempt to achieve a PDO certification for local cured sheep cheese, and other from Western Europe, the design and unfold of a Regional Label for local lamb meat. The thesis of this book underline is the existence of a “quality turn” in Europe, and analyse how Origin Food Labels can instruments to institutionalise new forms of co-production and co-evolution that enhance sustainable territorial development. At the same time, the ethnographic nature of this research highlights that these are controversial and political processes, where local and non-local actors with different interests find each other and try to unfold their own projects. The use of a comparative strategy highlights how these transitions are influenced by local institutional frameworks and cultural patterns, but it also shows how collective action can change them.
    Promoting sustainable consumer behaviour with sustainable food labelling : informational govenance
    Zee, E.L. van der; Fischer, A.R.H. ; Purnhagen, K. - \ 2014
    Wageningen UR
    duurzaamheid (sustainability) - consumentengedrag - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - voedselconsumptie - governance - sustainability - consumer behaviour - nutrition labeling - food consumption - governance
    This project explores Informational Governance in the domain of private and public sustainable food standards. The project focuses on the regulation and effectiveness of sustainability labelling.
    Origin labelling; Cost analysis for producers and consumers
    Terluin, I.J. ; Benninga, J. ; Berkhout, P. ; Immink, V.M. ; Janssens, S.R.M. ; Jongeneel, R.A. ; Rau, M.L. ; Tacken, G.M.L. - \ 2012
    The Hague : LEI, part of Wageningen UR (LEI report : Research area International policy ) - ISBN 9789086156139 - 43
    gemeenschappelijk landbouwbeleid - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - consumenteninformatie - oorsprong - kwaliteitszorg - kostenanalyse - europese unie - beleid - landbouwproducten - etiketteren - cap - nutrition labeling - consumer information - origin - quality management - cost analysis - european union - policy - agricultural products - labelling
    By stating the origin of a foodstuff, producers can provide consumers with information about where the food comes from. Country of origin labelling is the subject of debate from two different policy areas. One debate takes place in the framework of EU quality policy for agricultural products, the other in the framework of EU consumer policy. In one debate, origin labelling is regarded as a trade norm, while the other considers it part of food information which allows consumers to make well-founded choices between foodstuffs.
    Herkomstetikettering : Kostenverkenning voor producenten en consumenten
    Terluin, I.J. ; Benninga, J. ; Berkhout, P. ; Immink, V.M. ; Janssens, S.R.M. ; Jongeneel, R.A. ; Rau, M.L. ; Tacken, G.M.L. - \ 2012
    The Hague : LEI, part of Wageningen UR (LEI rapport : Onderzoeksveld Internationaal beleid ) - ISBN 9789086156115 - 46
    gemeenschappelijk landbouwbeleid - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - consumenteninformatie - landbouwproducten - voedselproducten - oorsprong - kwaliteitszorg - kostenanalyse - etiketteren - beleid - consumentenvoorkeuren - europese unie - cap - nutrition labeling - consumer information - agricultural products - food products - origin - quality management - cost analysis - labelling - policy - consumer preferences - european union
    Met het vermelden van de herkomst op een levensmiddel kunnen producenten informatie geven aan consumenten over de plaats waar het voedsel vandaan komt. Herkomstetikettering staat vanuit twee verschillende beleidsterreinen ter discussie. De ene discussie vindt plaats in het kader van het EU-kwaliteitsbeleid voor landbouwproducten; de andere in het kader van het EU-consumentenbeleid. In de ene discussie wordt herkomstetikettering als handelsnorm gezien; in de andere als onderdeel van voedselinformatie waardoor consumenten doordachte keuzes tussen levensmiddelen kunnen maken.
    Bijlagen bij rapport Herkomstetikettering; Kostenverkenning voor producenten en consumenten
    Benninga, J. ; Immink, V.M. ; Janssens, S.R.M. ; Jongeneel, R.A. ; Rau, M.L. ; Tacken, G.M.L. - \ 2012
    Den Haag : LEI, onderdeel van Wageningen UR (LEI-nota / onderzoeksveld Internationaal Beleid 12-123) - 41
    gemeenschappelijk landbouwbeleid - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - consumenteninformatie - landbouwproducten - voedselproducten - oorsprong - kwaliteitszorg - kostenanalyse - etiketteren - beleid - consumentenvoorkeuren - europese unie - cap - nutrition labeling - consumer information - agricultural products - food products - origin - quality management - cost analysis - labelling - policy - consumer preferences - european union
    De vermelding van het land van herkomst is in de Europese Unie verplicht voor enkele agrarische producten, te weten: rundvlees, honing, verse groenten en fruit en olijfolie. In Nederland wordt het land van herkomst buiten de verplichte etikettering van deze productgroepen nog nauwelijks vermeld. Binnen het Europees Parlement wordt gedacht over uitbreiding van de verplichte herkomstetikettering naar andere productgroepen. Aanleiding voor het ministerie van Economische Zaken, Landbouw en Innovatie (EL&I) om onderzoek te laten doen naar de waarde van de land-van-herkomstaanduiding op het etiket van voedselproducten vanuit consumentenperspectief. Daarbij is ook gekeken naar de rol die herkomstetikettering bij de aanschaf van een voedselproduct speelt.
    Resultaat proeverij tomaatjes RIKILT op de Biovak
    RIKILT, - \ 2012
    tomaten - smaak - smaakonderzoek - biologische voedingsmiddelen - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - tomatoes - taste - taste research - organic foods - nutrition labeling
    Tijdens de Biovak op 18 en 19 januari 2012 heeft RIKILT-Wageningen UR bezoekers uitgenodigd deel te nemen aan een cherry-tomaatjesproeverij. Daarbij werden biologische en reguliere tomaatjes aangeboden. In dit document staan de resultaten van deze proeverij.
    Voedsel labelen met land van herkomst: leuk, maar geen voorwaarde. Onderzoek onder Nederlandse consumenten
    Haaster-de Winter, M.A. van; Ruissen, A. - \ 2012
    Den Haag : LEI, onderdeel van Wageningen UR (Rapport / LEI : Onderzoeksveld Consument & gedrag ) - ISBN 9789086155781 - 46
    etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - herkomst - consumentenvoorkeuren - nutrition labeling - provenance - consumer preferences
    De vermelding van het land van herkomst is in de Europese Unie verplicht voor enkele agrarische producten, te weten: rundvlees, honing, verse groenten en fruit en olijfolie. In Nederland wordt het land van herkomst buiten de verplichte etikettering van deze productgroepen nog nauwelijks vermeld. Binnen het Europees Parlement wordt gedacht over uitbreiding van de verplichte herkomstetikettering naar andere productgroepen. Aanleiding voor het ministerie van Economische Zaken, Landbouw en Innovatie (EL&I) om onderzoek te laten doen naar de waarde van de land-van-herkomstaanduiding op het etiket van voedselproducten vanuit consumentenperspectief. Daarbij is ook gekeken naar de rol die herkomstetikettering bij de aanschaf van een voedselproduct speelt.
    Effecten van CO2-labeling op houding en gedrag van consumenten in een kantine-setting
    Kolfschoten, C.J. ; Janssen, A.M. ; Koppen, C.S.A. van; Kole, A.P.W. ; Spaargaren, G. - \ 2012
    Wageningen : Wageningen UR - Food & Biobased Research (Rapport / Food & Biobased Research 1304) - ISBN 9789461732569 - 141
    etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - kooldioxide - klimaatverandering - houding van consumenten - consumentengedrag - restaurants - duurzame landbouw - nutrition labeling - carbon dioxide - climatic change - consumer attitudes - consumer behaviour - restaurants - sustainable agriculture
    By investigating the effect of CO2-labeling of foods on the attitude and (purchase) behavior of consumers in a canteen setting, the research described in this report aims to contribute to the current (policy) discussion in the Netherlands and Europe on the role of citizen-consumers in the sustainability of food production and consumption. The central objective of the research was to determine whether and how consumers in a canteen setting respond to the provision of information about the climatic effects of a selected group of food products that are offered for the lunch.
    Weg met de datumstempel
    Zwietering, Marcel ; Boekel, Tiny van - \ 2011
    food wastage - nutrition labeling - keeping quality - storage life - date stamping - food safety - consumer protection - sensors - food packaging

    We gooien jaarlijks kilo's eten in de vuilnisbak, blind vertrouwend op de houdbaarheidsdatum. Maar die geprinte datum weet niet of onze biefstukjes of pakken melk netjes in de koelkast stonden. Hoog tijd voor een slimme sensorchip in de verpakking

    The impact of private labels on the competitiveness of the European food supply chain
    Bunte, F.H.J. ; Galen, M.A. van; Winter, M.A. de; Dobson, P. ; Bergès-Sennou, F. ; Monier-Dilhan, S. ; Juhász, A. ; Moro, D. ; Sckokai, P. ; Soregaroli, C. ; Meulen, B.M.J. van der; Szajkowska, A. - \ 2011
    Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union : European Union (NB-31-11-016-EN-N ) - ISBN 9789279191497 - 201
    voedselindustrie - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - voedingsmiddelenwetgeving - marketing voor de detailhandel - marktconcurrentie - ketenmanagement - Nederland - food industry - nutrition labeling - food legislation - retail marketing - market competition - supply chain management - Netherlands
    The report studies the impact of private labels on the competitiveness of the European food processing industry and investigates whether a system of producer indication may improve the functioning of the food supply chain. The impact is studied using economic theory and empirical and legal analysis. The study is completed with an impact assessment.
    Iedereen eet en drinkt elke dag voedsel met E-nummers
    Hartemink, R. - \ 2010
    Over gevoelig heden : kwartaalblad van de Stichting Voedselallergie 26 (2010)4. - ISSN 0928-9127 - p. 22 - 24.
    voedseladditieven - voedselallergieën - voedselintolerantie - stoornissen samenhangend met voedsel - toevoegingen - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - voedselsamenstelling - voeding en gezondheid - food additives - food allergies - food intolerance - food-related disorders - additives - nutrition labeling - food composition - nutrition and health
    Soms krijgen mensen met overgevoeligheidsklachten het advies om alle E-nummers in levensmiddelen te mijden. Dat kan helemaal niet! 'Als je dat wilt doen, hou je een dieet over van water, zout en suiker', aldus levensmiddelentechnoloog dr. ir. Ralf Hartemink van Wageningen Universiteit. Dit artikel is een bewerking van zijn lezing tijdens de LustrumDag.
    De meeste vragen gaan over E-nummers en voedselallergie
    Hartemink, R. - \ 2010
    Over gevoelig heden : kwartaalblad van de Stichting Voedselallergie 26 (2010)1. - ISSN 0928-9127 - p. 16 - 17.
    voedselallergieën - allergenen - vragenlijsten - voeding en gezondheid - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - voedingsinformatie - food allergies - allergens - questionnaires - nutrition and health - nutrition labeling - nutrition information
    De informatiesite Food-info.net begon heel bescheiden in 1999 als een simpele vraag-antwoordlijst met circa dertig vragen over voeding op de server van de Wageningse universiteit. Inmiddels is het een uitgebreide site in 27 talen, die meer dan 300 duizend bezoekers per maand trekt. De website geeft informatie over de productiewijze van voeding, ingrediënten en additieven (E-nummers), voedselveiligheid en allergenen. Een blik achter de schermen.
    "Durf te ondernemen" : NVV-congres over nieuwe technologieën bij conserveren
    Nierop Groot, Masja ; Mastwijk, Hennie - \ 2010
    food industry - food packaging - food technology - innovations - food safety - nutrition labeling
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