Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Tourism destination development in Thailand
    Pongajarn, Chalermpat - \ 2017
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): V.R. van der Duim, co-promotor(en): K.B.M. Peters. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463437981 - 123
    thailand - actor-network theory - social geography - cultural sociology - case studies - tourism development - tourism research - thailand - actor-network theorie - sociale geografie - cultuursociologie - gevalsanalyse - ontwikkeling van toerisme - toeristisch onderzoek

    Informed by actor-network theory (ANT), this research aims at improving understanding of the nature of tourism destinations in Thailand and their development by investigating through three main notions: ordering, materiality and multiplicity. These notions enabled to study how tourism destinations in Thailand develop: how they are ordered and constructed, as well as how they hold their agency as tourism destinations through processes of re-negotiation and re-enactment. By employing ANT and its ontological perspective, tourism destinations are seen as fractionally coherent, or as ordering effects, which develop through, in and by heterogeneous networks. Consequently, tourism destinations are not set in stone. They are multiple things at once, and their configurations and development patterns cannot be foretold. By employing ANT, this study challenged the conventional approach to tourism destination development by underlining complexity rather than viewing these destinations as being static. Instead of aiming to provide general design principles or recommendations, this thesis provides an insight on tourism destination development in Thailand by studying three destinations: Pai, Pattaya, and the floating markets of Damnernsaduak, Thaka, Ampawa, Pattaya and Bang Numpheung.

    The rise and fall of tourism for poverty reduction within SNV Netherlands Development Organisation
    Hummel, J.A. - \ 2015
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Rene van der Duim, co-promotor(en): Jaap Lengkeek. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462574939 - 206
    toerisme - ontwikkeling van toerisme - ontwikkelingsstudies - tourism - tourism development - development studies

    Although development organizations have been involved in tourism for poverty reduction for more than 30 years, their role remains contested. In my study, I examined the rise and fall of tourism within SNV Netherlands Development Organisation in the period 1993–2013. Here, I show how and why tourism as a development tool was introduced within SNV, how it was conceptualized and implemented as development practice, how the organization’s internal ‘ways of working’ influenced this implementation and why SNV recently phased out tourism.

    Only a few researches have studied tourism development practices in development organizations. To study on these development practices, I used notions that are of importance at the intersection of tourism studies, development studies and organization studies. As such, this thesis contributes to ‘aidnography’, an ethnographic approach to study institutions, organizations and people involved in international development. Aidnography often includes notions of the actor-oriented and actor-network theory approaches.

    Based on my research I conclude that tourism emerged as a tool for poverty reduction in SNV when development paradigms changed to an alternative/sustainable development paradigm in the 1990s, providing possibilities for tourism to be introduced as an element of integrated rural development. A few enterprising SNV directors started tourism initiatives.

    The development discourses of SNV and the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs have always been closely related, reflecting and influencing international development debates. Around the turn of the millennium, SNV changed its main development concepts, emphasizing capacity development. In the second half of the 2000s, partnerships for development became more important. Tourism in SNV was enabled by and followed these paradigm shifts.

    In line with these shifts, SNV changed its tourism development approaches and tools. In this thesis I discerned six phases. In the first years tourism was an element in sustainable rural development projects, especially in relation to local participatory planning. A few years later, the tourism practice focused more on capacity development, using multi-stakeholder approaches. Finally, in the years before phasing out, private sector engagement and support, and value chain analysis and development, became dominant approaches.

    The way tourism was organized and implemented in the organization, was strongly related to the way SNV changed its internal organization over the years. Combinations of six organizational modes of ordering created possibilities for organizational change, which kept SNV relevant as a development organization and consequently influenced the tourism development practice.

    The way SNV measured its results changed in every phase, and consequently its definition of development success changed in every phase. SNV needed periods of conceptual and material stability to get its result frameworks in place. Within SNV, and in development aid in general, ideas about what needed to be measured changed; changes occurred in the way development results had to be measured and documented, by whom and when. Therefore, impact was not measured thoroughly in the various phases.

    In early 2011, tourism as a development sector was rather suddenly phased out by SNV. The organization concluded that tourism had not demonstrated its development impact convincingly and had limited donor funding potential, and that not enough expertise was available within SNV in comparison to other development sectors. It also seemed that tourism as a development sector in SNV did not have a strong internal or external lobby. Due to announced budget cuts for the end of 2010 by a new coalition government in the Netherlands, SNV decided to immediately focus only on its most prominent development sectors, namely agriculture, water and sanitation, and renewable energy. Tourism and other development sectors were phased out.

    However, tourism as a development sector remains relevant wherever poverty persists in existing or potential tourism destinations. It is a growing sector in several developing countries. Tourism can propel innovative local development and provides opportunities for ethnic minority groups and remoter communities. An inclusive destination development approach is proposed, combining an enabling policy environment with strategic marketing and product development, capacity development, local enterprise development, and impact measurement on the ground. To support these multi-stakeholder development processes, a facilitating organization is often required to act as a catalyst.

    If no local organizations are readily available to take the facilitating role, development organizations can support tourism for poverty reduction through three interrelated roles: facilitating, linking and networking; capacity development of local organizations and in local contexts; and knowledge development, innovating and sharing;. It is suggested that development organizations focus on innovative solutions and on time and space for experimenting and situated learning from the start of new development initiatives, and use tourism for poverty reduction to pull local social and economic development, demanding more dynamic pathways for inclusive and sustainable growth at the local level.

    As tourism for poverty reduction is a composite and complex cross-cutting development sector, development impacts are difficult to measure and demonstrate. To improve impact assessments, the focus might need to be broadened beyond employment and income to include the multiple impacts (based on direct, indirect and dynamic effects) of tourism for poverty reduction in destinations. The focus could be on multi-stakeholder capacity development situations, with more emphasis on local learning. There seems a need for more case studies and impact narratives in tourism for development. Continued analysis and comparison of case studies will enhance situated learning and increase understanding of tourism in development and poverty reduction.

    Tourism Encounters and Controversies: Ontological Politics of Tourism Development
    Jóhannesson, G.T. ; Ren, C. ; Duim, V.R. van der - \ 2015
    London : Taylor & Francis (New Directions in Tourism Analysis ) - ISBN 9781472424365 - 247
    toerisme - ontwikkeling van toerisme - toerismebeleid - politiek - actor-network theorie - ondernemerschap - tourism - tourism development - tourism policy - politics - actor-network theory - entrepreneurship
    The multiplicity of tourism encounters provide some of the best available occasions to observe the social world and its making(s). Focusing on ontological politics of tourism development, this book examines how different versions of tourism are enacted, how encounters between different versions of tourism orderings may result in controversies, but also on how these enactments and encounters are entangled in multiple ways to broader areas of development, conservation, policy and destination management. Throughout the book, encounters and controversies are investigated from a poststructuralist and relational approach as complex and emerging, seeing the roles and characteristics of related actors as co-constituted. Inspired by post-actor-network theory and related research, the studies include the social as well as the material, but also multiplicity and ontological politics when examining controversial matters or events.
    New Alliances for Tourism, Conservation and Development in Eastern and Southern Africa
    Duim, R. van der; Meyer, D. ; Saarinen, J. ; Zellmer, K. - \ 2011
    Delft : Eburon - ISBN 9789059725423 - 210
    duurzaam tourisme - ontwikkeling van toerisme - toeristenindustrie - economische ontwikkeling - natuurbescherming - maatschappelijke betrokkenheid - afrika ten zuiden van de sahara - kenya - uganda - botswana - namibië - zuid-afrika - mozambique - zanzibar - sustainable tourism - tourism development - tourist industry - economic development - nature conservation - community involvement - africa south of sahara - kenya - uganda - botswana - namibia - south africa - mozambique - zanzibar
    This book introduces and discusses new alliances related to the growth of tourism in Sub-Saharan Africa. The private sector is increasingly involved in inter-sectoral alliances to both capitalise on the growing tourism industry and contribute to wider economic development in the destinations. The first three chapters of this book discuss representative cases of such alliances in Mozambique, Zanzibar and Uganda. The chapters that follow examine evidence of growth in partnerships between public, private and third-sector organisations in tourism, conservation and development. These illustrate the variety of emerging partnerships and some of their consequences, by means of case studies from Kenya, Uganda, Botswana, Namibia and South Africa.
    Safari : a journey through tourism, conservation and development
    Duim, V.R. van der - \ 2010
    Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789085855828 - 46
    toerisme - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - ontwikkeling van toerisme - internationaal toerisme - openbare redes - tourism - sustainability - tourism development - international tourism - public speeches
    Tourism, tourists and sustainable development in Africa; Thematic proceedings of ATLAS Africa Conferences Volume 7, Gaborone, Botswana, July 1-3, 2009
    Saarinen, J. ; Duim, R. van der; Zellmer, K. - \ 2010
    Arnhem, The Netherlands : ATLAS Association for Tourism and Leisure Education (Thematic proceedings of ATLAS Africa Conferences 7) - ISBN 9789075775440 - 118
    toerisme - toeristen - toeristenindustrie - ontwikkeling van toerisme - impact van toerisme - regionale ontwikkeling - economische ontwikkeling - afrika - duurzame ontwikkeling - tourism - tourists - tourist industry - tourism development - tourism impact - regional development - economic development - africa - sustainable development
    Tourism is a global scale industry with increasing impacts on the environment, regional and local development. In many African countries tourism provides increasingly new opportunities, jobs and economic benefits to local communities, and currently many countries in the continent see tourism promotion as a good and relatively inexpensive strategy that can be used to attract foreign direct investment through showing natural areas and local indigenous cultures. As a result of growing tourism activities many places and rural areas in the region are increasingly tied to the industry and related cultural, social, economic and political networks. At the same time tourism in the region is deeply influenced by its changing physical and social environments and larger processes such as global climate change.
    Tourism for development: Environmental sustainability, poverty reduction and empowering communities; Thematic proceedings of ATLAS Africa Conferences Volume 6, Gaborone, Botswana, 1-3 July, 2009
    Zellmer, K. ; Duim, R. van der; Saarinen, J. - \ 2010
    Arnhem, The Netherlands : ATLAS Association for Tourism and Leisure Education (Thematic proceedings of ATLAS Africa Conferences 6) - ISBN 9789075775433 - 138
    toerisme - ontwikkeling van toerisme - toeristenindustrie - regionale ontwikkeling - armoede - basisbehoeften - milieubescherming - gemeenschapsontwikkeling - afrika - duurzame ontwikkeling - tourism - tourism development - tourist industry - regional development - poverty - basic needs - environmental protection - community development - africa - sustainable development
    Tourism is a global scale industry with increasing impacts on the environment, regional and local development. In many African countries tourism provides increasingly new opportunities, jobs and economic benefits to local communities, and currently many countries in the continent see tourism promotion as a good and relatively inexpensive strategy that can be used to attract foreign direct investment through showing natural areas and local indigenous cultures. As a result of growing tourism activities many places and rural areas in the region are increasingly tied to the industry and related cultural, social, economic and political networks. At the same time tourism in the region is deeply influenced by its changing physical and social environments and larger processes such as global climate change. Tourism has become an important policy tool for community and regional development in Africa, including Southern Africa. Tourism has also a significant potential to influence and change the use of natural and cultural resources in the continent and region. This has highlighted the role of sustainability, management and governance in tourism development and turned tourism not only into an economic but also social and political activity that influences the wider environment in various ways. At policy level, tourism is increasingly viewed as an essential sector of regional and national reconstruction and development in the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC), for example. In this sense the rationale for tourism development has evolved towards the idea of tourism as a tool for regional and sustainable developlment and recently to a relatively new kind of ideas of tourism as an instrument of social and economic empowerment and poverty reduction. In this respect there are many regional and local development programmes that are highlighting the role of tourism in regional and sustainable development and empowerment.
    Van Homo Ludens naar Homo Turisticus: regressie of stap in de menselijke evolutie?
    Lengkeek, J. - \ 2009
    Vrijetijdstudies 27 (2009)2. - ISSN 1384-2439 - p. 7 - 19.
    toerisme - recreatie - spel - ontwikkeling van toerisme - toeristen - evolutie - regressie - toeristisch onderzoek - sociaal darwinisme - openbare redes - tourism - recreation - play - tourism development - tourists - evolution - regression - tourism research - social darwinism - public speeches
    In zijn afscheidsrede wilde hoogleraar Jaap Lengkeek (Wageningen Universiteit) terugblikken op een idee, een begrip, dat op zijn eigen werk de afgelopen jaren invloed heeft gehad. Het begrip dat hij hiervoor koos is 'Homo Ludens', de spelende mens, dat door de bekende historicus Johan Huizinga in 1938 werd uitgewerkt in zijn wereldberoemd geworden boek met gelijkluidende titel. Lengkeek begint zijn rede met hetgeen Huizinga hem leerde voor zijn toeristisch onderzoek. Daarna plaatst hij zijn spelbegrip in de context van Darwin en de evolutietheorie. Tot slot vraagt Lengkeek zich af of het spel zich in het toerisme ontwikkelt, evolutie dus, of in tegendeel, dat we te maken hebben met toerisme als een vorm van regressie, terugval naar een eerder, primitiever stadium. Huizinga meende al dat het hedendaagse spel ontaardde. En inmiddels zijn er meer cultuursceptici opgestaan, die aan verschillende vormen van spelgedrag, en juist het toerisme, graag een terugval van de cultuur verbinden. Lengkeek wil deze zwartkijkers van repliek dienen
    Aanbevelingen voor het versterken van de toeristische aantrekkingskracht van Nederland : beter een goede buur dan een verre vriend?
    Breman, B.C. ; Luttik, J. ; Jacobs, M.H. - \ 2008
    Spil 253-254 (2008)5. - ISSN 0165-6252 - p. 29 - 32.
    toerismebeleid - binnenlands toerisme - ontwikkeling van toerisme - regionale ontwikkeling - tourism policy - domestic tourism - tourism development - regional development
    In Spil (2008) nr. 4 plaatste P. Lukkes forse kanttekeningen bij de huidige toeristische promotie van Nederland en bij het ontbreken van een regionale component daarin. Lukkes daagt partijen uit een alternatief te bieden voor de Toerismebrief van staatssecretaris Heemskerk. De auteurs van dit artikel (B. Breman, etc.) geven gehoor aan deze oproep en doen hierbij een voorzet voor een alternatieve strategie in de toeristische promotie van Nederland
    A participatory decision support tool to access costs and benefits or tourism development scenarios : application of the ADAPTIVE model to Greater Giyani, South Africa
    Henkens, R.J.H.G. ; Tassone, V.C. ; Grafakos, S. ; Groot, R.S. de; Luttik, J. - \ 2007
    Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 1583) - 81
    ontwikkeling van toerisme - plaatselijke planning - participatief management - participatie - kosten-batenanalyse - zuid-afrika - bewonersparticipatie - beslissingsondersteunende systemen - tourism development - local planning - participative management - participation - cost benefit analysis - south africa - community participation - decision support systems
    The tourism industry represents a thriving business and offers many opportunities for tourism development all around the world. Each development will have its economic, socio-cultural and ecological costs and benefits. Many of these are difficult to assess and to value, which often leads to unsustainable development characterised by short-term economic benefits and high costs on the long-term. The participatory integrated assessment decision support tool named ADAPTIVE and developed within this project, helps policy makers, spatial planners, park managers and other stakeholders to analyse all effects of potential development plans and aggregates them into a total monetary value for each scenario. The tool has been applied for illustrative purpose to the case-study area of Greater Giyani, South-Africa
    Thematic proceedings of Atlas Africa Conferences. Volume 1: Tourism and nature in Africa
    Kloek, M.E. ; Duim, V.R. van der - \ 2007
    Arnhem : Association for Tourism and Leisure Education - ISBN 9789075775266 - 116
    ontwikkeling van toerisme - ecotoerisme - landgebruiksplanning - natuurbescherming - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - afrika - tourism development - ecotourism - land use planning - nature conservation - sustainability - africa
    Local communities and participation in African Tourism. Thematic proceedings of Atlas Africa Conferences. Volume 2
    Kloek, M.E. ; Duim, V.R. van der - \ 2007
    Arnhem : ATLAS - ISBN 9789075775280 - 118
    cultureel toerisme - natuurtoerisme - plattelandstoerisme - ontwikkeling van toerisme - toerismebeleid - gemeenschapsontwikkeling - maatschappelijke betrokkenheid - participatie - sociale participatie - afrika - bewonersparticipatie - cultural tourism - nature tourism - rural tourism - tourism development - tourism policy - community development - community involvement - participation - social participation - africa - community participation
    Aspects of Tourism in Kenya. Thematic proceedings of Atlas Africa Conferences. Volume 3
    Kloek, M.E. ; Duim, V.R. van der - \ 2007
    Arnhem : ATLAS - ISBN 9789075775297 - 118
    cultureel toerisme - natuurtoerisme - plattelandstoerisme - ontwikkeling van toerisme - impact van toerisme - toerismebeleid - toeristenindustrie - ecotoerisme - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - kenya - cultural tourism - nature tourism - rural tourism - tourism development - tourism impact - tourism policy - tourist industry - ecotourism - sustainability - kenya
    Understanding the Tourist Phenomenon, an Analysis of 'West' - 'South' Tourism; Towards Sustainable Tourism Development Strategies for Third World Tourism Destination
    Egmond, A.N.F. van - \ 2006
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Jaap Lengkeek. - Breda : NHTV - ISBN 9789085043430 - 200
    toerisme - toeristen - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - ontwikkelingslanden - internationaal toerisme - ontwikkeling van toerisme - vertolking voor bezoekers - ontwikkelingsplannen - tourism - tourists - sustainability - developing countries - international tourism - tourism development - visitor interpretation - development plans
    This study analyses 'Western' tourists who travel in developing countries for holiday purposes. The focus is on tourists who originate from the historically Protestant countries of Europe and who are the biggest spenders per capita in international tourism, including Third World tourism. Evaluation of existing theoretical perspectives, combined with empirical data derived from both primary and secondary sources, result in the formulation of new perspectives on the tourist phenomenon, including tourists' value orientations, lifestyles, motivations, interests, preferences and consumption and travel patterns. Ways through which destination areas in developing countries can use these perspectives to maximize the desired economic benefits of tourism and eliminate or reduce the undesired impacts, are discussed.
    Towards a decision support tool to assess costs and benefits of tourism development scenarios : Application of the tool at Greater Giyani, South Africa
    Henkens, R.J.H.G. ; Luttik, J. ; Tassone, V.C. ; Groot, R.S. de; Grafakos, S. ; Blignaut, J. - \ 2005
    Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-Document 3) - 37
    toerisme - ontwikkeling van toerisme - kosten-batenanalyse - ecosystemen - beoordeling - participatie - ontwikkelingsplannen - gevalsanalyse - zuid-afrika - beslissingsondersteunende systemen - duurzame ontwikkeling - tourism - tourism development - cost benefit analysis - ecosystems - assessment - participation - development plans - case studies - south africa - decision support systems - sustainable development
    The tourism industry represents a thriving business and offers many opportunities for tourism development all around the world. Each development will have its economic, socio-cultural and ecological costs and benefits. Many of these are difficult to assess and to value, which often leads to unsustainable development characterised by short-term economic benefits and high costs on the long-term. The participatory integrated assessment decision support tool named ADAPTIVE and developed within this project, helps policy makers, spatial planners, park managers and other stakeholders to analyse all effects of potential development plans and aggregates them into a total monetary value for each scenario. The tool has been applied for illustrative purpose to the case-study area of Greater Giyani, South Africa
    Tourismscapes: een nieuw paradigma voor toerisme studies
    Duim, V.R. van der - \ 2005
    Vrijetijdstudies 23 (2005)3. - ISSN 1384-2439 - p. 23 - 33.
    toerisme - acteurs - ontwikkeling van toerisme - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - begrippen - tourism - actors - tourism development - sustainability - concepts
    Toerisme ontstaat uit het complexe samenspel van mensen en dingen. In dit artikel wordt dit mechanisme beschreven in termen van 'tourismscapes', evenals de ordeningswijzen die ten grondslag liggen aan het samenspel
    Tourismscapes; An actor-network perspective on sustainable tourism development
    Duim, V.R. van der - \ 2005
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Jaap Lengkeek; N.W. Visser. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789085042266 - 283
    toerisme - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - ontwikkeling van toerisme - internationaal toerisme - innovaties - tourism - international tourism - tourism development - sustainability - innovations
    El Desarrollo del Turismo Sostenible; Los Casos de Manuel Antonio y Texel
    Duim, V.R. van der; Caalders, J.D.A.D. ; Cordero, A. ; Duynen Montijn, L. van; Ritsma, N. - \ 2003
    San José CR : Flacso - ISBN 9789977681214 - 228
    toerisme - ontwikkeling van toerisme - impact van toerisme - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - marktverkenningen - gegevens verzamelen - costa rica - nederland - nederlandse waddeneilanden - tourism - tourism development - tourism impact - sustainability - market surveys - data collection - costa rica - netherlands - dutch wadden islands
    Developing sustainable tourism : the case of Manuel Antonio and Texel
    Duim, V.R. van der; Caalders, J. ; Cordero, A. ; Duynen Montijn, L. van; Ritsma, N. - \ 2001
    Wageningen : Wageningen University - 163
    toerisme - ontwikkeling van toerisme - impact van toerisme - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - marktverkenningen - gegevens verzamelen - costa rica - nederland - nederlandse waddeneilanden - tourism - tourism development - tourism impact - sustainability - market surveys - data collection - costa rica - netherlands - dutch wadden islands
    Eiland in evenwicht : Een verkenning van leefbaarheidsaspecten in verband met toeristische ontwikkeling op Texel
    Lengkeek, J. ; Velden, K. van der - \ 2000
    Wageningen : Wetenschapswinkel (Rapport / Wetenschapswinkel 173) - ISBN 9789067546195 - 54
    levensomstandigheden - levensstandaarden - impact van toerisme - ontwikkeling van toerisme - noord-holland - nederlandse waddeneilanden - living conditions - living standards - tourism impact - tourism development - noord-holland - dutch wadden islands
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