|Bakti Pamong Praja Papua; Di era transisi kekuasaan belanda ke Indonesia
Visser, L.E. - \ 2008
Jakarta, Indonesia : Kompas Penerbit Buku - ISBN 9789797093853 - 447
geschiedenis - politiek - verandering - regering - overheidsorganisaties - bestuur - nederland - indonesië - papoea-nieuw-guinea - politieke processen - bureaucratie - history - politics - change - government - government organizations - administration - netherlands - indonesia - papua new guinea - political processes - bureaucracy
Een unieke serie verhalen over 17 Papua-bestuurders (tuan bestir), opgeleid in de laat ‘50-er jaren en vaak werkend in afgelegen gebieden en hun contacten met de bevolking tijdens tournees. Ook aan bod komen de woelige jaren ’60, de korte UNTEA-periode, de manipulatie bij de Act of Free Choice en de integratie binnen de Indonesische eenheidsstaat. Velen van hen bleven tot aan hun pensionering in de ’90-er jaren in dienst van het Indonesisch bestuur
Invasion of Piper aduncum in the shifting cultivation systems of Papua New Guinea: Foreword by David Pimentel
Hartemink, A.E. - \ 2006
Wageningen : ISRIC - World Soil Information - ISBN 9789081062817 - 234
piper aduncum - invasies - zwerflandbouw - ecologie - invasie - papoea-nieuw-guinea - piper aduncum - invasions - shifting cultivation - ecology - invasion - papua new guinea
Piper aduncum, a shrub native to Central America, arrived in Papua New Guinea before the mid-1930s possibly from West Papua. From the 1970s it started to dominate the secondary fallow vegetation in many parts of the humid lowlands. It invaded grassland areas and it also appeared in the highlands up to 2100 m. The combination of its small and abundant seeds, its high growth rates, and the accidental or intentional spreading has resulted in its presence in most provinces of Papua New Guinea. The spread will continue.
Sweet potato yields and nutrient dynamics after short-term fallows in the humid lowlands of Papua New Guinea
Hartemink, A.E. - \ 2003
Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science 50 (2003)3-4. - ISSN 0028-2928 - p. 297 - 319.
ipomoea batatas - zwerflandbouw - verbeterde braak - piper aduncum - gliricidia sepium - imperata cylindrica - gewasopbrengst - papoea-nieuw-guinea - bodemvruchtbaarheid - voedingsstoffenbalans - zoete aardappelen - sweet potatoes - ipomoea batatas - shifting cultivation - improved fallow - piper aduncum - gliricidia sepium - imperata cylindrica - soil fertility - nutrient balance - crop yield - papua new guinea - ipomoea-batatas - imperata-cylindrica - gliricidia-sepium - piper-aduncum - use efficiency - nitrogen - soil - cultivation - growth - fertilization
Shifting cultivation is common in the humid lowlands of Papua New Guinea but little is known about the effect of different fallows on sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) yield and nutrient flows and pools in these systems. An experiment was conducted in which two woody fallow species (Piper aduncum and Gliricidia sepium) and a non-woody fallow species (Imperata cylindrica) were planted and slashed after one year. Sweet potato was grown for two consecutive seasons (1 year) after which the fallows and yields were compared with yields from continuously cropped plots. The experiment was conducted on a high base status soil (Typic Eutropepts). In the first season, marketable sweet potato yield after piper and imperata was about 11 t ha-1 but yields after gliricidia and under continuous cropping were significantly lower. Vine yield was similar for the continuously cropped plots and for the sweet potato after piper and gliricidia, but significantly lower than after imperata. The effects of the fallows on sweet potato yield lasted only one season. In the second season after the fallow, sweet potato yields were higher, which was contributed to lower rainfall. Nutrient budgets showed that the three fallow species (piper, gliricidia and imperata) added insufficient amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium for the removal of these nutrients by two consecutive seasons of sweet potato. From a yield point of view there seems no benefit in having a nitrogen-fixing fallow species like Gliricidia sepium in sweet potato based systems on high base status soils.
Through the thicket : disentangling the social dynamics of an integrated conservation and development project on mainland Papua New Guinea
Helden, F. van - \ 2001
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): N.E. Long; J.H.B. den Ouden. - S.l. : S.n. - ISBN 9789058085405 - 398
natuurbescherming - hulpbronnenbeheer - plattelandsontwikkeling - ontwikkelingsprojecten - integratie - papoea-nieuw-guinea - nature conservation - development projects - integration - rural development - resource management - papua new guinea
Recent years have seen a shift from expert-driven methods for biodiversity conservation to more participatory community-based approaches. While the former - and by far dominant position - propagates a policy of spatial zoning based on the view that local people constitute the main threat to nature, the latter approach suggests that local communities may be allies in the struggle to conserve biodiversity. This study analyses this debate on the basis of the GEF-funded Bismarck-Ramu integrated conservation and development program in Papua New Guinea. By giving a detailed description of the interactions between the project team and local people, the author discloses some of the implicit assumptions on which such interventions are based. Local people however, seldom fit the stereotypical images that outsiders impose on them. Instead, they tend to enrol such interventions in a variety of personal and collective endeavours. This study for example, argues that the establishment of a conservation area by a number of Ramu communities should not be attributed to the existence of an indigenous conservation ethic, but was in the first place based on the wish to maintain control over land and resources in the face of incoming migrants. The disparate motives and priorities that underpin the co-operative arrangements between conservation projects and local people attest to their fragility.
|Between Cash and Conviction: The social context of the Bismarck-Ramu integrated conservation and development project
Helden, F.W. van - \ 1998
Boroko : The National Research Institute - ISBN 9789980750914 - 302
ontwikkelingsstudies - natuurbescherming - projecten - biodiversiteit - ontwikkelingsprojecten - sociale economie - sociale antropologie - papoea-nieuw-guinea - development studies - nature conservation - projects - biodiversity - development projects - socioeconomics - social anthropology - papua new guinea
40 belangrijke houtsoorten uit Indonesisch Nieuw Guinea (Irian Jaya) met de anatomische en technische kenmerken = 40 important timberspecies from Indonesian New Guinea (Irian Jaya) with their anatomical and technical characteristics
Fundter, J.M. ; Wisse, J.H. - \ 1977
Wageningen : Veenman (Mededelingen Landbouwhogeschool 77-9) - 223
bosbouw - hout - soorten - bomen - papoea-nieuw-guinea - irian jaya - forestry - wood - species - trees - papua new guinea - irian jaya
Key to the most important native trees of Irian Barat (Indonesia) based on field charactes
Versteegh, C. - \ 1971
Wageningen : Veenman (Mededelingen / Landbouwhogeschool, Wageningen 71-19) - 63
spermatophyta - planten - identificatie - bosbouw - bomen - plantenanatomie - plantenmorfologie - papoea-nieuw-guinea - spermatophyta - plants - identification - forestry - trees - plant anatomy - plant morphology - papua new guinea
|Rapport van een orienterende dienstreis t.a.v. bodemkundige onderzoekingen in de omgeving van Hollandia en Noord Molukken, 20 october - 5 november 1946
Druif, J.H. ; Roo, H.C. de - \ 1946
Makassar : [s.n.] - 8
indonesië - papoea-nieuw-guinea - grondanalyse - bodemkunde - molukken - nederlands indië - indonesia - papua new guinea - soil analysis - soil science - maluku - netherlands east indies
Landschapsbedrijven als middel tot opheffing van onontwikkelde streken in Nederlandsch-Indie
Dijk, L.J. van - \ 1942
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): A. te Wechel. - Wageningen : Zomer & Keunings - 201
landbouw - economische situatie - bosbouw - bosbeheer - bosbedrijfsvoering - ondernemingen - harsen - terpentijn - bomen - plattelandsplanning - plattelandsontwikkeling - sociale economie - papoea-nieuw-guinea - economische productie - economische planning - nederlands indië - agriculture - economic situation - forestry - forest administration - forest management - enterprises - resins - turpentine - trees - rural planning - rural development - socioeconomics - papua new guinea - economic production - economic planning - netherlands east indies
The study was of the island of Japen north of Western New Guinea, a wild and undeveloped part of the East Indies.
The island had vast forests; in the past some attempts to develop forestry and agriculture failed.
The author suggested exploitation of forest by-product copal, obtained by tapping Agathis, a coniferous tree. The natives were already familiar with the tapping of this tree in a very primitive way but organisation had failed. The author suggested growing artificial plantations of Agathis. Transport costs for the Agathis timber seemed too high.
Government supervision, organisation and financial support were needed.