Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Early soil knowledge and the birth and development of soil science
    Brevik, E.C. ; Hartemink, A.E. - \ 2010
    Catena 83 (2010)1. - ISSN 0341-8162 - p. 23 - 33.
    historical development - cropping systems - united-states - sustainability - principles - evolution - students - pedology - society - trends
    Soils knowledge dates to the earliest known practice of agriculture about 11,000 BP Civilizations all around the world showed various levels of soil knowledge by the 4th century AD, including irrigation, the use of terraces to control erosion, various ways of improving soil fertility, and ways to create productive artificial soils. Early soils knowledge was largely based on observations of nature: experiments to test theories were not conducted. Many famous scientists, for example, Francis Bacon, Robert Boyle, Charles Darwin, and Leonardo da Vinci worked on soils issues. Soil science did not become a true science, however, until the 19th century with the development of genetic soil science, led by Vasilii V Dokuchaev In the 20th century, soil science moved beyond its agricultural roots and soil information is now used in residential development, the planning of highways, building foundations, septic systems, wildlife management, environmental management, and many other applications in addition to agriculture
    The depiction of soil profiles since the late 1700s
    Hartemink, A.E. - \ 2009
    Catena 79 (2009)2. - ISSN 0341-8162 - p. 113 - 127.
    historical development - science literature - united-states - 3d - cartography - framework - horizons - pedology - genesis - world
    Artists have depicted soils in paintings since medieval times, and most landscape and soil paintings were made in the eighteenth century. The systematic study of soils started later and soil science was dominated by agricultural chemistry for most of the nineteenth century. Since the late 1800s soil profile drawings, paintings and photographs have been depicted in hundreds of textbooks. This paper traces the depiction of soil profiles in the scientific literature from the late 1700. The first soil profile depictions were simple diagrams illustrating different layers and soil processes. Photographs started to appear in textbooks at the end of the nineteenth century. In the 1950s, several books contained water paintings and from the 1970s onwards textbooks had colour photographs. Soil profile depictions were merely used to illustrate different orders in a classification system. Since the 1990s, efforts have been made to depict the soil profile in 3D. The overall trends and pattern found in this analysis not only reflect the technical ability to depict soils (e.g. camera, printing techniques) but also reflect the state of knowledge on the key properties and processes that have formed a soil
    Coupled models for the hydrological cycle; integrating atmosphere, biosphere, and pedosphere
    Bronstert, A. ; Carrera, J. ; Kabat, P. ; Lütkemeier, S. - \ 2005
    Berlin (Germany) [etc.] : Springer - ISBN 9783540223719 - 345
    hydrologie - milieu - geïntegreerde systemen - atmosfeer - pedologie - wiskundige modellen - koppelstukken - hydrologische cyclus - biosfeer - hydrology - environment - integrated systems - atmosphere - pedology - mathematical models - couplings - hydrological cycle - biosphere
    Hydrologists, climatologists, soil scientists and environmental engineers are frequently asked to analyse complex environmental problems. It is becoming increasingly apparent that these problems usually involve feedbacks between atmospheric, ecological, and hydrological systems, as well as human society. It is often the feedbacks between systems that are of greatest interest because they may produce unanticipated responses. That is why coupling of different compartments of the Earth system has emerged as a general challenge to the modelling community. This book considers an array of state-of-the-art coupling and modelling concepts. First the relevant Earth system cycles are presented, followed by a discussion on scale issues and multiple equilibria. Inter- and intra-compartmental coupling is addressed, along with a debate on non-linearities and questions of parameterisation. Several applications are presented, where a focus is on cases where the hydrological cycle plays a central role.
    Veldgids humusvormen; beschrijving en classificatie van humusprofielen voor ecologische toepassingen
    Delft, B. van - \ 2004
    Wageningen : Alterra - 91
    humusvormen - humeuze horizonten - humus - ecologie - bodemtypen (ecologisch) - bodemclassificatie - pedologie - handleidingen - bodemprofielen - humus forms - humic horizons - humus - ecology - soil types (ecological) - soil classification - pedology - guide books - soil profiles
    Deze veldgids is bedoeld als een hulpmiddel om humusvormen in het veld te kunnen beschrijven en classificeren. Door de verschijningsvormen van het humusprofiel in een ecologische context te plaatsen, wordt duidelijk dat het humusprofiel veel informatie kan verschaffen over standplaatseigenschappen als vocht, zuurgraad en voedselrijkdom. Allereerst wordt de organische stofkringloop en de rol van verschillende bodemorganismen besproken. Vervolgens wordt beschreven hoe een profielbeschrijving gemaakt wordt en hoe relevante gegevens het beste opgenomen kunnen worden. In het laatste hoofdstuk wordt de classificatie van humusvormen behandeld. Begrippen en indelingen worden in een uitgebreide appendix behandeld.
    Geogenetisch veldonderzoek en antropogene bodemvorming De Heuvel (BR-70-01) Princenhage, Breda; november 2001
    Kooistra, M.J. - \ 2001
    Wageningen : Alterra - 11
    bodemprofielen - pedologie - bodemtypen (antropogeen) - archeologie - nederland - antropogene horizonten - noord-brabant - bodemkunde - geogenese - geologie - micromorfologie - Brabant - Breda - soil profiles - pedology - soil types (anthropogenic) - archaeology - netherlands - anthropogenic horizons
    Geogenetisch veldonderzoek en antropogene bodemvorming Steen-/Huifakker (BR-69-01) Breda-West; november 2001
    Kooistra, M.J. - \ 2001
    Wageningen : Alterra - 11
    bodemprofielen - pedologie - bodemtypen (antropogeen) - antropogene horizonten - archeologie - nederland - noord-brabant - bodemkunde - geogenese - geologie - micromorfologie - Brabant - Breda - soil profiles - pedology - soil types (anthropogenic) - anthropogenic horizons - archaeology - netherlands
    Geogenetisch veldonderzoek en antropogene bodemvorming Steen-/Huifakker (BR-69-01) Breda-West, juni/juli 2001
    Kooistra, M.J. - \ 2001
    Wageningen : Alterra - 26
    bodemprofielen - pedologie - bodemtypen (antropogeen) - antropogene horizonten - archeologie - bodemmicromorfologie - paleobotanie - nederland - noord-brabant - bodemkunde - geogenese - geologie - micromorfologie - Brabant - Breda - soil profiles - pedology - soil types (anthropogenic) - anthropogenic horizons - archaeology - soil micromorphology - palaeobotany - netherlands
    Micromorfologisch-geogenetisch onderzoek archeologische opgraving de Grauwe Beer bij Beesel (L)
    Kooistra, M.J. - \ 2001
    Wageningen : Alterra - 10
    bodemprofielen - bodemmicromorfologie - archeologie - pedologie - antropogene horizonten - nederland - bodemkarteringen - kaarten - midden-limburg - bodemkunde - geogenese - micromorfologie - Limburg - soil profiles - soil micromorphology - archaeology - pedology - anthropogenic horizons - netherlands - soil surveys - maps
    Verdronken dekzandgronden in Zuidelijk Flevoland (archeologische opgraving 'A27-Hoge Vaart'): interdisciplinaire studie naar de veranderingen van bodem en landschap in het Mesolithicum en Vroeg-Neolithicum
    Spek, T. ; Bisdom, E.B.A. ; Smeerdijk, D.G. van - \ 1997
    Wageningen : DLO-Staring Centrum (Rapport / DLO-Staring Centrum 472.1) - 187
    archeologie - bodemkarteringen - kaarten - pedologie - bodemmicromorfologie - geologie - nederland - aardwetenschappen - flevoland - archaeology - soil surveys - maps - pedology - soil micromorphology - geology - netherlands - earth sciences - flevoland
    Soil surface coatings at Costa Rican recently active volcanoes.
    Jongmans, A.G. ; Mulder, J. ; Groenesteijn, K. ; Buurman, P. - \ 1996
    Soil Science Society of America Journal 60 (1996). - ISSN 0361-5995 - p. 1871 - 1880.
    andepts - andosols - costa rica - korsten - pedologie - hellingen - bodem - bodemmicromorfologie - vulkanische gronden - andepts - andosols - costa rica - crusts - pedology - slopes - soil - soil micromorphology - volcanic soils
    A micromorphological study of pedogenic processes in an evolutionary soil sequence formed in late quaternary rhyolitic tephra deposits, North Island, New Zealand.
    Bakker, L. ; Lowe, D.J. ; Jongmans, A.G. - \ 1996
    Quaternary International 34-36 (1996). - ISSN 1040-6182 - p. 249 - 261.
    andepts - andosols - chemische eigenschappen - nieuw-zeeland - pedologie - fysicochemische eigenschappen - bodemvorming - bodemmicromorfologie - vulkanische gronden - andepts - andosols - chemical properties - new zealand - pedology - physicochemical properties - soil formation - soil micromorphology - volcanic soils
    The influence of time as a soil forming factor was studied on an evolutionary sequence of five soils (1850 radiocarbo years BP-ca. 120,000 BP) developed in rhyolitic tephra deposits in New Zealand. New micromorphological observations were combined with existing macromorphological, chemical, textural, and clay mineralogical analyses to assess the extent of polygenesis in the soils. The younger soils (1850 BP to ca. 22,600 BP) are characterised by initial weathering and little secondary mineral formation. This status is expressed by abundant pumice fragments and fresh, easily weatherable minerals, as well as a low clay content with an isotropic character. Comminution and neoformation are the main pedological processes. The older soils (ca. 120,000 BP) are characterised by a high degree of alteration of primary minerals, little or no pumice fragments, clay illuviation, gleying, and a high clay content (>80%) consisting of a range of crystalline clay minerals including halloysite, gibbsite, kaolinite, and vermiculite, plus crystalline iron oxides. Evidence of polygenesis can be observed in the micromorphology of the older soils: (1) the range of secondary minerals is the result of the integration and succession of soil-forming processes through time; (2) the accumulatory character of the tephra deposits has resulted in stronger weathering of the lower horizons than upper horizons because of continuous pedogenesis. Such polygenesis in the older soils supports the view that the older the soil, the more polygenetic it is likely to be. Copyright
    Allophane, imogolite, and gibbsite in coatings in a Costa Rican Andisol.
    Jongmans, A.G. ; Verburg, P. ; Nieuwenhuyse, A. ; Oort, F. van - \ 1995
    Geoderma 64 (1995). - ISSN 0016-7061 - p. 327 - 342.
    kleimineralen - costa rica - pedologie - bodemmicromorfologie - clay minerals - costa rica - pedology - soil micromorphology
    A micromorphological approach to the study of soil structure - soil biota interactions.
    Kooistra, M.J. ; Brussaard, L. - \ 1995
    In: Structure and function of soil communities / Edwards, C.A., Abe, T., Striganova, B.R., - p. 55 - 69.
    pedologie - bodembiologie - bodemmicromorfologie - bodemstructuur - pedology - soil biology - soil micromorphology - soil structure
    The progression from optical light microscopy to transmission electron microscopy in the study of soils.
    Oort, F. van; Jongmans, A.G. ; Jaunet, A.M. - \ 1994
    Clay minerals 29 (1994). - ISSN 0009-8558 - p. 247 - 254.
    pedologie - bodemmicromorfologie - pedology - soil micromorphology
    Morphology, chemistry, and mineralogy of isotropic aluminosilicate coating in a Guadeloupe andisol.
    Jongmans, A.G. ; Oort, F. van; Buurman, P. ; Jaunet, A.M. ; Doesburg, J.D.J. van - \ 1994
    Soil Science Society of America Journal 58 (1994). - ISSN 0361-5995 - p. 501 - 507.
    andepts - andosols - kleimineralen - costa rica - pedologie - bodemmicromorfologie - vulkanische gronden - andepts - andosols - clay minerals - costa rica - pedology - soil micromorphology - volcanic soils
    Micromorphology and submicroscopy of isotropic and anisotropic Al/Si coatings in a Quaternary Allier terrace, (France).
    Jongmans, A.G. ; Oort, F. van; Buurman, P. ; Jaunet, A.M. - \ 1994
    In: Soil micromorphology : studies in management and genesis : proceedings of the 9th international working meeting on soil micromorphology, Townsville, Australia, July 1992 / Ringrose - Voase, A.J., Humphreys, G.S., - p. 285 - 291.
    klimaat - overstromingen - frankrijk - landschap - pedologie - bodemvorming - bodemmicromorfologie - verwering - climate - floods - france - landscape - pedology - soil formation - soil micromorphology - weathering
    Inheritance of 2:1 phyllosilicates in Costa Rican andisols.
    Jongmans, A.G. ; Oort, F. van; Nieuwenhuyse, A. ; Buurman, P. ; Jaunet, A.M. ; Doesburg, J.D.J. van - \ 1994
    Soil Science Society of America Journal 58 (1994). - ISSN 0361-5995 - p. 494 - 501.
    andepts - andosols - kleimineralen - costa rica - pedologie - bodemmicromorfologie - vulkanische gronden - andepts - andosols - clay minerals - costa rica - pedology - soil micromorphology - volcanic soils
    Aspects of mineral transformation during weathering of volcanic materials : the microscopic and submicroscopic level
    Jongmans, A.G. - \ 1994
    Agricultural University. Promotor(en): N. van Breemen; P. Buurman. - S.l. : Jongmans - ISBN 9789054852797 - 143
    vulkanische gronden - andepts - andosols - bodemvorming - fysische eigenschappen - mechanische eigenschappen - natuurlijke hulpbronnen - vulkanische gesteenten - basalt - vulkanische lava - pedologie - bodemmicromorfologie - volcanic soils - andepts - andosols - soil formation - physical properties - mechanical properties - natural resources - volcanic rocks - basalt - volcanic lava - pedology - soil micromorphology

    Mineral transformation at the earth surface is a complex process. In volcanic ejecta, such transformations tend to be fairly rapid. Many weathering studies on volcanic materials have been carried out at different scales of observations, mostly using bulk samples. However, to get a proper understanding of the mechanisms of weathering of primary minerals and formation secondary minerals it is necessary to obtain data of undisturbed material at the scale of observation that micromorphology and submicroscopy deal with. Weathering studies at the micrometre scale with help of micromorphology showed the heterogenous character of mineral weathering and the co- existence of different secondary minerals.

    The main objective of papers in this thesis was to characterize and explain alteration of primary minerals and formation of secondary minerals at the particle level in volcanic soils in relation to (micro) environmental conditions.
    Thin sections of volcanic soils were studied by micromorphology, and relevant features were characterized chemically and mineralogically by submicroscopical methods performed on (un)disturbed samples isolated from thin sections.
    Mineral transformations were studied both on sites in the temperate humid zone and in the humid tropics.

    In a chronosequence of Quaternary terraces of the Allier in France, micromorphological and sub microscopical analyses showed:
    - Alteration of basaltic particles leads to clay formation whereas weathering of granite fragments contributes to the sand fractions.
    - A relative increase in the contents of Ti, Al, and Fe and a decrease of K, Na, Ca, and Si occur in weathering rinds of basalt pebbles. Differences in weathering intensity are predominantly a function of chemical composition of the basalt rather than a function of time.
    - A mass balance calculation carried out on an isovolumetric, altered basalt pebble with a fresh core, and on an enclosed, genetically related neoformed clay coating showed that all elements, except Fe were leached from all weathering rinds. Only Si, Al and some Ca were found in the clay coating, and part of the Al was derived from an external source.
    - Isotropic and anisotropic coatings occur in a Paleosol in an older terrace. Micromorphological observations demonstrated that such coatings are genetically related. The isotropic coating consists of allophanic material with minor amounts of 2:1 phyllosilicates, whereas the anisotropic types consist of 2:1 phyllosilicates only. Both types result from recombination of trachytic weathering products under restricted leaching conditions during coating formation.
    - Micromorphological observation demonstrated three types of coatings in two Planosols in two older terraces. Isotropic and anisotropic, translucent materials occur locally within one coating, suggesting a genetic similarity. These coatings are due to secondary mineral formation, The third type, anisotropic dusty clay coatings clearly resulted from clay illuviation. Cluster analyses reveal that the coatings of the same type were chemically more alike than different coatings in the same profile. About 83% of the grouped samples were classified correctly as either isotropic and anisotropic weathering coatings or anisotropic illuviation coatings.

    A technique is described to isolate undisturbed microparts of pedofeatures from thin sections. Such microparts can subsequently be analysed by Transmission Electron Microscopy. This technique allows performance of micromorphological, mineralogical and chemical analyses on one undisturbed micro sample at micrometre to nanometre scales.

    Isotropic coatings in the C horizon of a young Hapludand in Guadeloupe and in the C and R horizons of an old Hapludand in Costa Rica, both developed on andesitic volcanic materials were allophanic. Isotropic coatings present in the Bw horizons of both soils contain allophane and imogolite. The Al/Si molar ratios in the coatings in the Bw horizons are higher than those in the coatings of the C and R horizons. Anisotropic coatings are wholly gibbsitic and occur only in the Bw horizon of the older Costa Rican Hapludand. The gibbsitic coatings show a gradual transition to isotropic coatings and both types looks alike in plane polarized light suggesting a genetic relationship. The allophane coatings resulted from initial weathering of the parent materials, whereas the gibbsite coatings represent the ultimate stage of secondary mineral formation. The differences in chemical and mineralogical composition of the coatings are thought to be the result of different leaching conditions at the macro and micro scale.

    2:1 Phyllosilicates in Hapludands on Holocene andesitic beach ridges in Costa Rica occur as clay pseudomorphs after primary minerals. They are inherited from hydrothermally altered parent material from which the beach ridges were derived, and are not due to post depositional soil formation. Weathering and biological activity affect the clay pseudomorphs which leads to clay- sized particles consisting of 2:1 phyllosilicates. They are incorporated in the allophanic groundmass that results from actual soil formation in the Hapludands.

    Isotropic coatings also found in a West Java (Indonesia) Oxisol on andesitic volcanic parent materials are probably due to weathering of airborne ash additions. The coatings recrystallize to anisotropic coatings suggesting a neoformed genesis. Both types of coatings appear to be common in three andesitic catenas in Indonesia. The amount of coatings and the crystallinity tend to increase as the dry season become more pronounced. The anisotropic coatings can easily be confused with illuviation coatings.

    Phaeozem and luvisol development in relation to relief and climate in southwest Rheinhessen, Germany.
    Rogaar, H. ; Lothhammer, H. ; Plas, L. van der; Jongmans, A.G. ; Bor, J. - \ 1993
    Mainzer geowissenschaftlichen Mitteilungen 22 (1993). - p. 227 - 246.
    chernozems - duitsland - pedologie - bodemmicromorfologie - phaeozems - chernozems - germany - pedology - soil micromorphology - phaeozems
    Micromorphological characterization and microchemical quantification of weathering in an alkali basalt pebble.
    Jongmans, A.G. ; Veldkamp, E. ; Breemen, N. van; Staritsky, I. - \ 1993
    Soil Science Society of America Journal 57 (1993). - ISSN 0361-5995 - p. 128 - 134.
    chemische eigenschappen - pedologie - fysicochemische eigenschappen - bodemvorming - bodemmicromorfologie - chemical properties - pedology - physicochemical properties - soil formation - soil micromorphology
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