Global challenges, Dutch solutions? The shape of responsibility in Dutch science and technology policies
Molen, Franke van der; Ludwig, David ; Consoli, Luca ; Zwart, Hub - \ 2019
Journal of Responsible Innovation 6 (2019)3. - ISSN 2329-9460 - p. 340 - 345.
Responsible research and innovation - science and technology policy - the Netherlands
The Netherlands has a well-established tradition of gearing science and technology to economic interests as well as societal and ethical concerns. This article outlines how national dynamics in the Netherlands have not only contributed to the adoption of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) frameworks but also to a distinctly Dutch meaning and institutionalization of responsibility. It identifies three core features of the Dutch context that have shaped this meaning and institutionalization: 1) a strong focus on the societal and economic relevance of research and innovation, 2) a political culture that emphasizes inclusive deliberation and collaboration, and 3) a focus on integration and synergy with respect to RRI. The integration of RRI in a collaborative system of companies, government and universities is embraced as contributing to a global leadership of the Netherlands in response to grand challenges. However, this integrative approach also limits the potential of Dutch RRI to function as a disruptive concept that challenges the status of interactions between science, technology, and society.
‘Opening up’ science policy: engaging with RRI in Brazil
Reyes-Galindo, Luis ; Monteiro, Marko ; Macnaghten, Phil - \ 2019
Journal of Responsible Innovation 6 (2019)3. - ISSN 2329-9460 - p. 353 - 360.
Brazil - governance of science and technology - RRI - science and technology policy
This article presents initial results from the Brazilian team in the Responsible Research and Innovation in Practice (RRI-Practice) collaboration, concurrently running in 22 countries. The project invites reflection from institutional actors through a variety of participatory exercises that focus on RRI’s potential for ‘opening up’ and impacting national science and innovation policy. After summarising the operational challenges faced during the research process, we focus on the main empirical findings. We conclude that despite its potential for opening up policy deliberation, RRI faces the inherent hurdles of surpassing longstanding Brazilian institutional traditions of hierarchical governance, autonomy and the dominance of linear models of innovation.