Dietary patterns as compared with physical activity in relation to metabolic syndrome among Chinese adults
He, Y. ; Li, Y. ; Lai, J. ; Wang, D. ; Zhang, J. ; Fu, P. ; Yang, X. ; Qi, L. - \ 2013
Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases 23 (2013)10. - ISSN 0939-4753 - p. 920 - 928.
blood-pressure - population - prevalence - women - management - shanghai - health - risk
Aims: To examine the nationally-representative dietary patterns and their joint effects with physical activity on the likelihood of metabolic syndrome (MS) among 20,827 Chinese adults. Methods and results: CNNHS was a nationally representative cross-sectional observational study. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the Joint Interim Statement definition. The "Green Water" dietary pattern, characterized by high intakes of rice and vegetables and moderate intakes in animal foods was related to the lowest prevalence of MS (15.9%). Compared to the "GreenWater" dietary pattern, the "Yellow Earth" dietary pattern, characterized by high intakes of refined cereal products, tubers, cooking salt and salted vegetable was associated with a significantly elevated odds of MS (odds ratio 1.66, 95% CI: 1.40e1.96), after adjustment of age, sex, socioeconomic status and lifestyle factors. The "Western/new affluence" dietary pattern characterized by higher consumption of beef/lamb, fruit, eggs, poultry and seafood also significantly associated with MS (odds ratio: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.13e1.67). Physical activity showed significant interactions with the dietary patterns in relation to MS risk (P for interaction = 0.008). In the joint analysis, participants with the combination of sedentary activity with the "Yellow Earth" dietary pattern or the "Western/new affluence" dietary pattern both had more than three times (95% CI: 2.8-6.1) higher odds of MS than those with active activity and the "Green Water" dietary pattern. Conclusions: Our findings from the large Chinese national representative data indicate that dietary patterns affect the likelihood of MS. Combining healthy dietary pattern with active lifestyle may benefit more in prevention of MS. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Smoking and alcohol drinking increased the risk of esophageal cancer among Chinese men but not women in a high-risk population
Wu, M. ; Zhao, J.K. ; Zhang, Z.F. ; Han, R.Q. ; Yang, J. ; Zhou, J.Y. ; Wang, X.S. ; Zhang, X.F. ; Liu, A.M. ; Veer, P. van 't; Kok, F.J. ; Kampman, E. - \ 2011
Cancer Causes and Control 22 (2011)4. - ISSN 0957-5243 - p. 649 - 657.
green tea drinking - jiangsu province - tobacco smoking - squamous-cell - areas - cessation - shanghai - cohort - diet
Although the association for esophageal cancer with tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking has been well established, the risk appears to be less strong in China. To provide more evidence on the effect of smoking and alcohol consumption with esophageal cancer in China, particularly among Chinese women, a population-based case-control study has been conducted in Jiangsu, China, from 2003 to 2007. A total of 1,520 cases and 3,879 controls were recruited. Unconditional multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied. Results showed that the odds ratio (OR) and confidence interval (CI) for ever smoking and alcohol drinking were 1.57 (95% CI: 1.34-1.83) and 1.50 (95% CI: 1.29-1.74). Dose-response relationships were observed with increased intensity and longer duration of smoking/drinking. Risk of smoking and alcohol drinking at the highest joint level was 7.32 (95% CI: 4.58-11.7), when compared to those never smoked and never drank alcohol. Stratifying by genders, smoking and alcohol drinking increased the risk among men with an OR of 1.74 (95% CI: 1.44-2.09) and 1.76 (95% CI: 1.48-2.09); however, neither smoking nor alcohol consumption showed a significant association among women. In conclusion, smoking and alcohol drinking were associated with esophageal cancer risk among Chinese men, but not among Chinese women.
Biomarkers of Dietary Exposure Are Associated with Lower Risk of Breast Fibroadenomas in Chinese Women
Dijkstra, S.C. ; Lampe, J.W. ; Ray, R.M. ; Brown, R. ; Wu, C.Y. ; Li, W.J. ; Chen, C. ; King, I.B. ; Gao, D.L. ; Hu, Y.W. ; Shannon, J. ; Wahala, K. ; Thomas, D.B. - \ 2010
The Journal of Nutrition 140 (2010)7. - ISSN 0022-3166 - p. 1302 - 1310.
proliferative epithelial disorders - cancer-risk - fatty-acids - benign - disease - shanghai - cohort - epidemiology - carotenoids - consumption
Fibroadenomas are the most common benign breast condition among women and account for up to 50% of all breast biopsies being performed. Although considered a benign condition, fibroadenomas utilize substantial resources for management and treatment to rule out potential malignancies. Dietary factors may influence benign fibrocystic breast conditions, but little is known of their association with fibroadenomas. We examined possible associations between a broad spectrum of circulating biomarkers of dietary intake and risk of fibroadenomas. Participants were women in a breast self-examination trial in Shanghai, China who were diagnosed with fibroadenomas (n = 258) and 1035 controls. Conditional logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 955/0 Cl. Isoflavone concentrations were inversely associated with risk of fibroadenomas. Adjusted OR (95% Cl) for the highest versus the lowest quartile of plasma concentration were 0.36(0.16-0.79; P-trend <0.001) for daidzein and 0.39(0.19-0.84; P-trend = 0.010) for genistein. We also observed inverse associations between higher percentages of the RBC (n-3) fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) ([0.38 (0.19-0.77); P-trend = 0.007] and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) [0.32 (0.15-0.70); P-trend = 0.024], and fibroadenoma risk. Circulating concentrations of carotenoids, vitamin C, retinol, and ferritin were not associated with fibroadenoma risk. The inverse associations between plasma isoflavone concentrations and RBC EPA and DPA and fibroadenoma risk suggest that higher intakes of soy foods and fatty fish may lower the risk of fibroadenomas. J. Nutr. 140: 1302-1310, 2010.
Dutch agricultural development and its importance to China : case study: agriculture in Chongming - an overview
Li, W. ; Li, G. - \ 2002
The Hague : Agricultural Economics Research Institute (LEI) - ISBN 9789052427454 - 37
landbouwontwikkeling - landbouwsituatie - productiviteit - agrarische structuur - china - shanghai - nederland - agricultural development - agricultural situation - productivity - agricultural structure - china - shanghai - netherlands
Shanghai consumer studies; With attention to livestock, dairy and horticulture products
Zhang, X. - \ 2001
The Hague : Agricultural Economics Institute (LEI) - ISBN 9789052426563 - 44
landbouwproducten - consumptie - tuinbouw - dierlijke producten - groenten - shanghai - agricultural products - consumption - horticulture - animal products - vegetables - shanghai