Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Bioturbation and erosion rates along the soil-hillslope conveyor belt, part 1: Insights from single-grain feldspar luminescence
    Román-Sánchez, Andrea ; Reimann, Tony ; Wallinga, Jakob ; Vanwalleghem, Tom - \ 2019
    Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 44 (2019)10. - ISSN 0197-9337 - p. 2051 - 2065.
    bioturbation - Critical Zone - erosion - feldspar luminescence - soil formation

    The interplay of bioturbation, soil production and long-term erosion–deposition in soil and landscape co-evolution is poorly understood. Single-grain post-infrared infrared stimulated luminescence (post-IR IRSL) measurements on sand-sized grains of feldspar from the soil matrix can provide direct information on all three processes. To explore the potential of this novel method, we propose a conceptual model of how post-IR IRSL-derived burial age and fraction of surface-visiting grains change with soil depth and along a hillslope catena. We then tested this conceptual model by comparison with post-IR IRSL results for 15 samples taken at different depths within four soil profiles along a hillslope catena in the Santa Clotilde Critical Zone Observatory (southern Spain). In our work, we observed clear differences in apparent post-IR IRSL burial age distributions with depth along the catena, with younger ages and more linear age–depth structure for the hill-base profile, indicating the influence of lateral deposition processes. We noted shallower soils and truncated burial age–depth functions for the two erosional mid-slope profiles, and an exponential decline of burial age with depth for the hill-top profile. We suggest that the downslope increase in the fraction of surface-visiting grains at intermediate depths (20 cm) indicates creep to be the dominant erosion process. Our study demonstrates that single-grain feldspar luminescence signature-depth profiles provide a new way of tracing vertical and lateral soil mixing and transport processes. In addition, we propose a new objective luminescence-based criterion for mapping the soil-bedrock boundary, thus producing soil depths in better agreement with geomorphological process considerations. Our work highlights the possibilities of feldspar single grain techniques to provide quantitative insights into soil production, bioturbation and erosion–deposition.

    Bioturbation and erosion rates along the soil-hillslope conveyor belt, part 2: Quantification using an analytical solution of the diffusion–advection equation
    Román-Sánchez, Andrea ; Laguna, Ana ; Reimann, Tony ; Giráldez, Juan Vicente ; Peña, Adolfo ; Vanwalleghem, Tom - \ 2019
    Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 44 (2019)10. - ISSN 0197-9337 - p. 2066 - 2080.
    bioturbation - critical zone - deposition - diffusivity - erosion - feldspar luminescence dating - sensitivity and uncertainty - soil formation

    Particles on soil-mantled hillslopes are subject to downslope transport by erosion processes and vertical mixing by bioturbation. Both are key processes for understanding landscape evolution and soil formation, and affect the functioning of the critical zone. We show here how the depth–age information, derived from feldspar-based single grain post-infrared infrared stimulated luminescence (pIRIR), can be used to simultaneously quantify erosion and bioturbation processes along a hillslope. In this study, we propose, for the first time, an analytical solution for the diffusion–advection equation to calculate the diffusivity constant and erosion–deposition rates. We have fitted this model to age–depth data derived from 15 soil samples from four soil profiles along a catena located under natural grassland in the Santa Clotilde Critical Zone Observatory, in the south of Spain. A global sensitivity analysis was used to assess the relative importance of each model parameter in the output. Finally, the posterior probability density functions were calculated to evaluate the uncertainty in the model parameter estimates. The results show that the diffusivity constant at the surface varies from 11.4 to 81.9 mm2 a-1 for the hilltop and hill-base profile, respectively, and between 7.4 and 64.8 mm2 a-1 at 50 cm depth. The uncertainty in the estimation of the erosion–deposition rates was found to be too high to make a reliable estimate, probably because erosion–deposition processes are much slower than bioturbation processes in this environment. This is confirmed by a global sensitivity analysis that shows how the most important parameters controlling the age–depth structure in this environment are the diffusivity constant and regolith depth. Finally, we have found a good agreement between the soil reworking rates proposed by earlier studies, considering only particle age and depth, and the estimated diffusivity constants. The soil reworking rates are effective rates, corrected for the proportion of particles actually participating in the process.

    Watersysteembeschrijving Overbetuwe
    Massop, H.T.L. - \ 2014
    Wageningen : Alterra, Wageningen-UR (Alterra-rapport 2531) - 93
    watersystemen - wateropslag - bodemvorming - landgebruik - kwel - waterlopen - historisch grondgebruik - betuwe - water systems - water storage - soil formation - land use - seepage - streams - land use history - betuwe
    Park Lingezegen is een proeftuin voor het rivierengebied waarin door een systeemgerichte aanpak ontwerpen worden getest die bijdragen aan de waterzekerheid, opvang van wateroverlast en verbetering van de waterkwaliteit. Daarvoor wordt in deelgebied Waterrijk een innovatief systeem ontwikkeld waarin ruimte is voor waterberging maar ook voor waterretentie en waterzuivering. Het rapport beschrijft het watersysteem van de Overbetuwe met Park Lingezegen. Naast een beschrijving van het huidige landgebruik wordt ingegaan op de geologische ontstaanswijze van het gebied en de bodemvorming. Voor zowel de waterafvoer als aanvoer is de rivier de Linge belangrijk. De grote rivieren langs de Betuwe hebben via de fluctuatie in de waterpeilen invloed op de kwel naar de Betuwe.
    Drift sands, lakes, and soils: the multiphase Holocene history of the Laarder Wasmeren area near Hilversum, the Netherlands.
    Sevink, J. ; Koster, E.A. ; Geel, B. van; Wallinga, J. - \ 2013
    Netherlands journal of geosciences 92 (2013)4. - ISSN 0016-7746 - p. 243 - 266.
    bodemvorming - eolische gronden - holoceen - paleogeografie - podzolgronden - hydrogeologie - natuurgebieden - het gooi - soil formation - aeolian soils - holocene - palaeogeography - podzolic soils - hydrogeology - natural areas - het gooi
    A unique complex of multiphased Holocene drift sands and paleosols, with at least two lacustrine phases, was discovered during a major sanitation project in the Laarder Wasmeren area near Hilversum, the Netherlands. The complex could be studied in detail, highly facilitated by the excellent and large-scale exposure of the various deposits and soils. OSL dating was used to establish ages of the phases, where possible differentiating between time of deposition and time of burial by taking into account the potential effects of bioturbation. Pollen analysis served to reconstruct the vegetation during the various phases. A first minor phase of aeolian activity already started before approx. 5,000 BC, followed around 4,000 BC by a second phase and a rather massive third phase around 3,000 BC. After a long phase of soil formation, the latest, massive drift sand phase started around the 14th to 15th century. It clearly represents the classic drift sand phase that started in the Late Middle Ages in the Netherlands. Sand drifting followed on soil forming phases during which the vegetation became increasingly dominated by ericaceous plants and culminated in heathlands. The first three aeolian phases and associated heathlands are much older than generally assumed for heathland and drift sand to occur in the Netherlands. Moreover, podzolisation was found to have started very early, true podzols already occurring before 4,000 BC. Around 3,000 BC groundwater in the area reached a maximum altitude of about 230 cm +NAP, resulting in local open water in the area. This rise is probably linked to the development of the Dutch coastal area, where at that time peat accumulated and drainage was poor, inducing a rise of the groundwater level in ‘het Gooi’. This groundwater level fell later on, to never reach this altitude again. The Groot Wasmeer was formed by local stagnation on a slowly permeable podzol and already reached a level of 320-325 cm +NAP by 400 BC, which more or less equals its 20th century level. The results demonstrate that earlier concepts on the occurrence and age of aeolian phases, podzols and heathland vegetations in the Netherlands are far too schematic, and that early, pre-agricultural cultures may already have had an impact on the stability of fragile cover sand landscapes, e.g. through burning. Results are in line with those from several contemporary studies on early prehistoric cultures and their impact in river dune areas in the Central and Eastern Netherlands.
    Berging in kleischeuren in de Flevopolders
    Akker, J.J.H. van den; Hoogland, T. ; Hakvoort, H.A.M. - \ 2011
    Stromingen : vakblad voor hydrologen 17 (2011)3. - ISSN 1382-6069 - p. 15 - 31.
    bodemvorming - bodemfysica - bodemwater - zware kleigronden - wateropslag - modellen - flevoland - soil formation - soil physics - soil water - clay soils - water storage - models - flevoland
    Eind 2010 hebben Alterra en HKVlijn in water in opdracht van Waterschap Zuiderzeeland een methode ontwikkeld om de berging in permanente kleischeuren te berekenen en ruimtelijk in kaart te brengen, om het vervolgens te implementeren in de SOBEK-modellen van het waterschap. In dit artikel zijn de belangrijkste resultaten van het bodemkundige deel van het onderzoek samengevat
    Soil in space and time
    Hartemink, A.E. ; McBratney, A.B. ; White, R.E. - \ 2009
    London [etc.] : Earthscan (Earthscan reference collections ) - ISBN 9781844076468 - 428
    bodemkunde - bodemvorming - bodemmorfologie - bodemclassificatie - soil science - soil formation - soil morphology - soil classification
    This four-volume set, edited by leading experts in soil science, brings together in one collection a series of papers that have been fundamental to the development of soil science as a defined discipline. Volume 1 on Soil in Space and Time covers: - Soil morphology and micromorphology - Soil geography - Soil genesis - Soil classification - Pedometrics - Paleopedology
    Ripening of PAH and TPH polluted sediments : determination and quantification of bioremediation parameters
    Vermeulen, J. - \ 2007
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Wim Rulkens, co-promotor(en): Tim Grotenhuis. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789085045779 - 166
    bioremediëring - sediment - verontreiniging - mineralisatie - mineraaloliën - polycyclische koolwaterstoffen - aardoliekoolwaterstoffen - bodemvorming - organisch bodemmateriaal - oxidatie - zwavel - degradatie - waterbodems - bioremediation - sediment - pollution - mineralization - mineral oils - polycyclic hydrocarbons - petroleum hydrocarbons - soil formation - soil organic matter - oxidation - sulfur - degradation - water bottoms
    In this study, bioremediation parameters were determined and quantified for different clayey dredged sediments. The research described in this thesis increased the insight into the individual processes of physical ripening, biochemical ripening – including PAH and TPH degradation – that result from drainage of disposed water-logged sediments. This increased insight can be used to optimize conditions for ripening of dredged sediments at upland sediment disposal sites
    Guidelines for soil description, 4th edition
    Jahn, R. ; Blume, H.P. ; Asio, V.B. ; Spaargaren, O. ; Schad, P. - \ 2006
    Rome : FAO - ISBN 9789251055212 - 97
    bodemclassificatie - bodemeigenschappen - bodemprofielen - bodemvorming - soil classification - soil properties - soil profiles - soil formation
    Soils are affected by human activities, such as industrial, municipal and agriculture, that often result in soil degradation and loss. In order to prevent soil degradation and to rehabilitate the potentials of degraded soils, reliable soil data are the most important prerequisites for the design of appropriate land-use systems and soil management practices as well as for a better understanding of the environment. The availability of reliable information on soil morphology and other characteristics obtained through examination and description of the soil in the field is essential, and the use of a common language is of prime importance. These guidelines, based on the latest internationally accepted systems and classifications, provide a complete procedure for soil description and for collecting field data. To help beginners, some explanatory notes are included as well as keys based on simple test and observations.
    The formation of soils
    Breemen, N. van - \ 2004
    In: Vital Soil, function, value and properties / Doelman, P., Eijsackers, H.J.P., Elsevier (Developments in soil science 29) - ISBN 9780444517722 - p. 21 - 40.
    bodemvorming - soil formation
    Soil, hillslope and network structure as an opportunity for smart catchment scale hydrological models
    Bogaart, P.W. ; Troch, P.A.A. - \ 2004
    hydrologie - hydrologie van stroomgebieden - glooiend land - geomorfologie - bodemvorming - modellen - hydrology - catchment hydrology - sloping land - geomorphology - soil formation - models
    The researchers aim at understanding the spatio-temporal structure of hydrological relevant landscape properties by means of landscape evolution modelling. In this contribution the geomorphological parameters are discussed
    Reductie van nitraatuitspoeling uit grasland op droge zandgronden = Reduction of nitrate leaching from grassland on drought-sensitive sandy soils
    Boer, H.C. de; Hoving, I.E. ; Remmelink, G.J. - \ 2004
    Lelystad : Animal Sciences Group (PraktijkRapport / Animal Sciences Group, Praktijkonderzoek : Rundvee ) - 35
    nitraat - uitspoelen - bodemvorming - zandgronden - waterbeheer - nitrate - leaching - soil formation - sandy soils - water management
    Op praktijkcentrum ‘Cranendonck’ (Noord-Brabant) werden gedurende een periode van vier jaar (1999-2002) twee bedrijfssystemen vergeleken en getoetst: een referentiebedrijfssysteem (Gangbaar) en een streefbedrijfssysteem (Reductie). Het referentiebedrijfssysteem vertoonde de karakteristieken van de gangbare landbouwpraktijk in Noord-Brabant; het streefbedrijfssysteem was gericht op het voldoen aan de Europese nitraatrichtlijn voor grondwater. Bij het realiseren van het streefbedrijfssysteem stonden managementmaatregelen op het gebied van bemesting, beweiding en voeding centraal. De belangrijkste vraag in dit onderzoek was: is het mogelijk om door aanpassing van het bedrijfssysteem de nitraatconcentratie in het bovenste grondwater van droge zandgronden te verlagen tot onder de grens van 50 mg l-1 met behoud van een acceptabel productieniveau van grasland en melkvee? De uitgangspunten van het reductiesysteem waren: verlaging van de werkzame stikstofgift van 350 naar 250 kg ha-1, verkorting van de weideduur van acht tot vier uur per dag, opstallen eind augustus in plaats van half oktober en verlaging van de OEB in het rantsoen van 250-300 naar <50 g dier-1 dag-1
    Oude lindenbossen op Jutland; referentiebeelden voor bosontwikkeling in Nederland?
    Hommel, P.W.F.M. ; Waal, R.W. de; Spek, T. - \ 2003
    Nederlands Bosbouwtijdschrift (2003)2. - ISSN 0028-2057 - p. 13 - 21.
    bossen - bosbomen - tilia - bosecologie - opstandsstructuur - opstandskenmerken - ecosystemen - plantenecologie - vegetatie - botanische samenstelling - bosgronden - onderlaag - bosstrooisel - bodemvorming - denemarken - forests - forest trees - tilia - forest ecology - stand structure - stand characteristics - ecosystems - plant ecology - vegetation - botanical composition - forest soils - understorey - forest litter - soil formation - denmark
    In het kader van het Alterra-onderzoeksproject 'boomsoortkeuze op verzuringsgevoelige bodem' werden in Jutland vijf lindenbossen bezocht, die als referentiebeeld kunnen fungeren voor bosecosystemen op de Nederlandse pleistocene zandgronden. De winterlinde kan hier een belangrijke rol spelen in de ontwikkeling van natuur- en multifunctionele bossen. Een beschrijving van de bosgebieden, met vooral aandacht voor de relatie boomsoort-strooisellaag-ondergroei, hydrologie, verjonging en vraat, 'verbeuking' en menging
    Soil Formation
    Breemen, N. van; Buurman, P. - \ 2002
    Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic Publishers - ISBN 9781402007187 - 404
    bodemvorming - bodem - bodemfysica - bodemchemie - bodembiologie - bodemprofielen - bodemclassificatie - soil formation - soil - soil physics - soil chemistry - soil biology - soil profiles - soil classification
    Soil formation in late glacial Meuse sediments related to the Peel boundary fault activity
    Miedema, R. ; Jongmans, A.G. - \ 2002
    Netherlands journal of geosciences 81 (2002)1. - ISSN 0016-7746 - p. 71 - 81.
    bodemvorming - bodemmicromorfologie - sediment - rivieren - tektoniek - noord-brabant - de peel - soil formation - sediment - rivers - soil micromorphology - tectonics - noord-brabant - de peel
    Verdronken dekzandlandschap in Flevoland
    Makaske, B. ; Kooistra, M.J. ; Haring, R. ; Smeerdijk, D.G. van - \ 2001
    Aarde en mens 5 (2001)1. - ISSN 1388-0071 - p. 19 - 23.
    geologie - geomorfologie - bodemtypen - bodemvorming - nederland - holoceen - flevoland - geology - geomorphology - soil types - soil formation - netherlands - holocene - flevoland
    Dit artikel gaat over landschappelijke veranderingen in Zuidelijk Flevoland in het midden Holoceen
    Terug naar het lindenwoud? alternatieve boomsoortkeuze verhoogt ecologische en recreatieve waarde van bossen op verzuringsgevoelige gronden
    Hommel, P.W.F.M. ; Spek, T. ; Waal, R.W. de; Hullu, P.C. de; Ouden, J. den - \ 2001
    Nederlands Bosbouwtijdschrift 73 (2001)6. - ISSN 0028-2057 - p. 12 - 23.
    bossen - bosecologie - vegetatie - tilia - plantenecologie - verbetering van bosterreinen - botanische samenstelling - humus - bosstrooisel - strooisel - humusvormen - moder - mor - mul - bodemvruchtbaarheid - bodemchemie - bodemvorming - bodemtypen (ecologisch) - bodemtypen - bosgronden - onderlaag - bodemverzuring - boomsoort - bosbeheer bosbouw - ecologie - milieu - recreatie - voedselrijkdom - forests - forest ecology - vegetation - tilia - plant ecology - amelioration of forest sites - botanical composition - humus - forest litter - litter (plant) - humus forms - moder - mor - mull - soil fertility - soil chemistry - soil formation - soil types (ecological) - soil types - forest soils - understorey
    Uitleg over de relatie tussen bostype en boomsoorten enerzijds en bodemvormende processen anderzijds, met name de humusvorming onder invloed van de kwaliteit van het strooisel. Vooral op matig voedselrijke, verzuringsgevoelige gronden kunnen processen van verarming en verzuring van de bosbodem worden tegengegaan door aanplant van boomsoorten met goed verterend strooisel; daardoor ontstaat een rijkere ondergroei en een recreatief aantrekkelijk en ecologisch rijker bos. Vooral de linde biedt in dit verband perspectief. In een apart kader de geschiedenis van de opkomst en achteruitgang van de linde in de het Noordwesteuropese bos, in relatie met bodemsoort, klimaatverandering en toenemende bosexploitatie door de mens
    A semi-empirical dynamic soil acidification model for use in spatially explicit integrated assessment models for Europe
    Reinds, G.J. ; Posch, M. ; Vries, W. de - \ 2001
    Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 84) - 55
    bodem - verzuring - modellen - bodemvorming - milieutoets - europa - soil - acidification - models - soil formation - environmental assessment - europe
    A semi-empirical soil acidification model was developed for use in integrated assessment models on a European scale. The model simulates the time development of base saturation and aluminium concentration using an empirical relationship with pH. An accompanying data set was developed by overlaying European maps of soils, land use, climate and altitude followed by a procedure that aggragates the input data over soil-texture combinations in each EMEP 150 km x 150 km grid cell. Model tests show that themodel gives results comparable to the SMART model, although it overestimates initial base saturation in some areas with high acid input and simulates a faster recovery from acidification than SMART.
    Modeling longitudinal-profile development in response to Late Quaternary tectonics, climate and sea-level changes: the River Meuse
    Tebbens, L.A. ; Veldkamp, A. ; Dijke, J.J. van; Schoorl, J.M. - \ 2000
    Global and Planetary Change 27 (2000). - ISSN 0921-8181 - p. 165 - 186.
    fluvial soils - bodemvorming - klimaatverandering - modellen - geomorfologie - zeespiegelschommelingen - maas - fluvial soils - soil formation - climatic change - models - geomorphology - sea level fluctuations - river meuse
    Do plants drive podzolization via rock-eating mycorrhizal fungi?
    Breemen, N. van; Lundstr"m, U.S. ; Jongmans, A.G. - \ 2000
    Geoderma 94 (2000). - ISSN 0016-7061 - p. 163 - 171.
    podzolgronden - bodemvorming - bodemschimmels - podzolic soils - soil formation - soil fungi
    Weathering and supply of nutrients derived from minerals to plants is known to be stimulated by plant symbiotic mycorrhizal fungi. Nutrients are generally thought to pass the bulk soil solution before plant uptake. Jongmans et al. [Jongmans, A.G., van Breemen, N., Lundstrom, U.S., van Hees, P.A.W., Finlay, R.D., Srinivasan, M., Unestam, T., Giesler, R., Melkerud, P.-A., Olsson, M., 1997. Rock-eating fungi. Nature, 389, 682-683] showed that (ectomycorrhizal) fungi drill innumerable narrow cylindrical pores (diameter 3-10 m) into weatherable minerals in podzol E horizons. The fungi probably form micropores by exuding strongly complexing low-molecular weight organic acids at their hyphal tips, causing highly local dissolution of Al silicates. Micropores occurred in all thin sections of podzols under Pinus sylvestris and Picea abies available from Sweden (3), Finland (2), Switzerland (2), Denmark (2) and the Netherlands (3), but not in the few available thin sections of non-podzolic soils under broadleaves. Many weatherable minerals in the podzol E horizon appeared to be perforated, as opposed to few if any in the abruptly underlying B horizon, suggesting a link to podzolization. High concentrations of Al and Si in organic surface horizons under boreal and temperate conifers can be explained by transfer by hypha of weathering products from the minerals to mycorrhizal roots in the O horizon, followed by release of weathering products that are not taken up by the plants. Rock-eating ectomycorrhizal fungi suggest a more direct role for plants in podzolization than hitherto realized, providing tight coupling between podzolization and mineral weathering. Preliminary observations, however, indicate that mycorrhizal fungi do not play a role in podzolization under Kauri (Agathis australis) in New Zealand.
    Advances in understanding the podzolization process resulting from a multidisciplinary study of three coniferous forest soils in the Nordic Countries
    Lundström, U.S. ; Breemen, N. van; Bain, D.C. ; Hees, P.A.W. van; Giesler, R. ; Gustafsson, J.P. ; Ilvesniemi, H. ; Karltun, E. ; Melkerud, P.A. ; Olsson, M. ; Riise, G. ; Wahlberg, O. ; Bergelin, A. ; Bishop, K. ; Finlay, R. ; Jongmans, A.G. ; Magnusson, T. ; Mannerkoski, H. ; Nordgren, A. ; Nyberg, L. ; Starr, M. ; Tau Strand, L. - \ 2000
    Geoderma 94 (2000). - ISSN 0016-7061 - p. 335 - 353.
    podzolgronden - bodemvorming - bodemkarteringen - zuren - podzolic soils - soil formation - soil surveys - acids
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