Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Towards a unified study of multiple stressors : divisions and common goals across research disciplines
    Orr, James A. ; Vinebrooke, Rolf D. ; Jackson, Michelle C. ; Kroeker, Kristy J. ; Kordas, Rebecca L. ; Mantyka-Pringle, Chrystal ; Brink, Paul J. Van den; Laender, Frederik De; Stoks, Robby ; Holmstrup, Martin ; Matthaei, Christoph D. ; Monk, Wendy A. ; Penk, Marcin R. ; Leuzinger, Sebastian ; Schäfer, Ralf B. ; Piggott, Jeremy J. - \ 2020
    Proceedings of the Royal Society. B: Biological Sciences 287 (2020)1926. - ISSN 0962-8452 - 10 p.
    antagonism - combined effects - global change factors - multiple drivers - multiple stressors - synergism

    Anthropogenic environmental changes, or 'stressors', increasingly threaten biodiversity and ecosystem functioning worldwide. Multiple-stressor research is a rapidly expanding field of science that seeks to understand and ultimately predict the interactions between stressors. Reviews and meta-analyses of the primary scientific literature have largely been specific to either freshwater, marine or terrestrial ecology, or ecotoxicology. In this cross-disciplinary study, we review the state of knowledge within and among these disciplines to highlight commonality and division in multiple-stressor research. Our review goes beyond a description of previous research by using quantitative bibliometric analysis to identify the division between disciplines and link previously disconnected research communities. Towards a unified research framework, we discuss the shared goal of increased realism through both ecological and temporal complexity, with the overarching aim of improving predictive power. In a rapidly changing world, advancing our understanding of the cumulative ecological impacts of multiple stressors is critical for biodiversity conservation and ecosystem management. Identifying and overcoming the barriers to interdisciplinary knowledge exchange is necessary in rising to this challenge. Division between ecosystem types and disciplines is largely a human creation. Species and stressors cross these borders and so should the scientists who study them.

    Effects of Nutrient Antagonism and Synergism on Yield and Fertilizer Use Efficiency
    Rietra, René P.J.J. ; Heinen, Marius ; Dimkpa, Chistian O. ; Bindraban, Prem S. - \ 2017
    Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 48 (2017)16. - ISSN 0010-3624 - p. 1895 - 1920.
    Antagonism - fertilizer - macronutrients - micronutrients - synergism

    Interaction among plant nutrients can yield antagonistic or synergistic outcomes that influence nutrient use efficiency. To provide insight on this phenomenon, peer-reviewed articles were selected that quantified the interaction effects of nutrients on crop yield levels. In total 94 articles were selected that described 117 interactions between all macro- and micronutrients for different agricultural crops. In 43 cases the interaction was synergistic, in 17 cases the interaction was antagonistic, and in 35 cases the interaction was zero-interaction; the other 23 cases were non-significant (16) or showed a negative response (7). Generally: (a) when the availability of two nutrients is characterized as deficient, a large increase in yield can be expected by diminishing these deficiencies: (b) for most macronutrients the mutual interactions on yield levels are synergistic; and (c) antagonistic effects on yield are often found for divalent cations. Knowledge of nutrient interactions can guide fertilizer design and optimization of fertilization strategies for high yields and high nutrient use efficiencies.

    Evaluation: ‘SynErgy: Montitoring and control system for conditioning of plants and greenhouse’ (WP-066)
    Anonymous, ; Dieleman, A. ; Qian, T. ; Elings, A. ; Marcelis, L.F.M. - \ 2010
    greenhouse horticulture - greenhouses - climate - crops - greenhouse crops - plant development - growth - synergism
    Crop physiology in (semi-)closed greenhouses - Final report of the TransForum scientific project “SynErgy: Monitoring and control system for conditioning of plants and greenhouse” (WP-066)
    Dieleman, J.A. ; Qian, T. ; Elings, A. ; Marcelis, L.F.M. - \ 2010
    Wageningen : Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture (Rapporten GTB 1051)
    glastuinbouw - kassen - klimaat - gewassen - kasgewassen - plantenontwikkeling - groei - synergie - greenhouse horticulture - greenhouses - climate - crops - greenhouse crops - plant development - growth - synergism
    In The Netherlands, since 2002, a number of (semi-)closed greenhouses was constructed. Climate conditions in these greenhouses were found to differ considerably from those in conventional greenhouses. Knowledge of the effects of these climate conditions on the crop was scarce. Therefore, in the research project “Crop management in conditioned greenhouses”, funded by the Dutch Commodity Board and the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food safety, the effects of the new climate conditions on the crop were investigated. In the accompanying scientific project “SynErgy: monitoring and control system, for conditioning of plants and greenhouses” (WP-066; May 2007 – May 2012), funded by TransForum, this knowledge is used to develop new concepts of climate control for optimal crop growth. In this report, the results and impact of this scientific project are described.
    Business Plan, Kenniscentrum Randwijk, een knooppunt voor innovatie, Wageningen ; Wageningen UR, Transforumproject
    Kranendonk, R.P. ; Krikke, A.T. ; Fontein, R.J. ; Poot, E.H. ; Scheer, F.P. ; Jong, L.W. de; Baltissen, A.H.M.C. ; Ravesloot, M.B.M. ; Reuler, H. van; Kruit, J. - \ 2010
    Wageningen : Greenport Betuwse Bloem - 34
    tuinbouw - agro-industriële ketens - regionale ontwikkeling - samenwerking - synergie - economische ontwikkeling - rivierengebied - horticulture - agro-industrial chains - regional development - cooperation - synergism - economic development - rivierengebied
    In het Rivierengebied in Gelderland werken ca. 14.000 mensen in de tuinbouw. De Provincie Gelderland, het tuinbouwbedrijfsleven, brancheorganisaties, Wageningen UR en de regionale overheden in het Rivierengebied werken samen om de tuinbouw in het Rivierengebied een krachtige impuls te geven om zo hun vooraanstaande positie te behouden en verder te verstevigen onder de naam ‘Betuwse Bloem’. De grootste winst is te halen door samenwerking en synergie te bevorderen tussen de vijf Gelderse tuinbouwclusters die op korte afstand van elkaar liggen. Dicht bij gerenommeerde kennisinstellingen en goed bereikbaar via weg, water en spoor. Door de krachten te bundelen en van elkaar te leren neemt de concurrentiekracht toe.
    Agrobiodiversiteit
    Alebeek, Frans van - \ 2009
    field margins - agro-biodiversity - agroecosystems - ecosystem services - augmentation - synergism - arable farming - overijssel
    Synergie: de meerwaarde van het combineren van bos en opgaande dooradering voor biodiversiteit
    Grashof-Bokdam, C.J. ; Akkermans, L.M.W. ; Meeuwsen, H.A.M. ; Veen, M. van der; Vos, C.C. - \ 2009
    Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 1854) - 78
    biodiversiteit - verspreiding - habitats - habitatselectie - synergie - vogels - lepidoptera - wilde planten - nederland - landschapselementen - ecologische hoofdstructuur - biodiversity - dispersal - habitats - habitat selection - synergism - birds - lepidoptera - wild plants - netherlands - landscape elements - ecological network
    De data van vogels, vlinders en planten voor dit onderzoek zijn afkomstig van resp. SOVON, de Vlinderstichting en FLORON. Op dit moment zijn er in het Nederlandse natuurbeleid twee sporen die zich apart richten op natuurgebieden in de EHS en op groenblauwe dooradering in o.a. Nationale Landschappen. Dit onderzoek toont aan dat veel soorten met name voorkomen in gebieden waar natuurgebieden (bos) en (opgaande) dooradering samen voorkomen. Dit noemen we synergie. Hiervoor hebben met behulp van regressieanalyse in 1000 kmhokken in de hogere zandgronden van Nederland de relatie onderzocht tussen het voorkomen van 40 plant-, vogel- en vlindersoorten en de ruimtelijke samenhang van grote elementen (bos) en opgaande dooradering in de omgeving. Vooral soorten met een beperkte dispersiecapaciteit en beperkte oppervlaktebehoefte bleken synergie te vertonen, terwijl het type synergie bleek af te hangen van hun habitatvoorkeur. Met behulp van de regressieresultaten zijn aan de hand van twee soorten mogelijkheden verkend voor toepassing in gebiedsontwikkeling. Deze publicatie is tot stand gekomen in het kader van het programma Vernieuwend Ruimtegebruik van Habiforum. Het onderzoek is medegefinancierd door het Kennis Basis Programma van het Ministerie van LNV
    Exploring the synergies between cross compliance and certification schemes
    Farmer, M. ; Svales, V. ; Jongeneel, R. ; Karaczun, Z. ; Müssner, R. ; Leipprand, A. ; Schlegel, S. ; Poux, X. ; Ramain, B. ; Roest, K. de; Varela Ortega, C. ; Simó, A. - \ 2007
    Den HAag : LEI (Report / LEI : Domain 6, Policy ) - 82
    landbouwbeleid - normen - kwaliteitsnormen - certificering - inspectie - gemeenschappelijk landbouwbeleid - europese unie - landbouwhervorming - kosten - synergie - agricultural policy - standards - quality standards - certification - inspection - cap - european union - agrarian reform - costs - synergism
    This report presents some of the interim results of the project 'Facilitating the CAP reform: Compliance and competitiveness of European agriculture'. It examines the similarities and differences between mandatory cross compliance standards and those set by voluntary certification schemes. There is a potential synergy between cross compliance and certification schemes, not least because both approaches set minimum standards and enforce those standards through inspection systems. Although there are some strong limitations, there is sufficient overlap in the standards set and in approaches to control to warrant further investigation of the potential for the harmonisation of standards and collaborative approaches to control.
    Long-term heat stabilisation by (natural) polyols in heavy metal- and zinc-free poly(vinyl chloride)
    Steenwijk, J. van; Langerock, R. ; Es, D.S. van; Haveren, J. van; Geus, J.W. ; Jenneskens, L.W. - \ 2006
    Polymer Degradation and Stability 91 (2006)1. - ISSN 0141-3910 - p. 52 - 59.
    acid-catalyzed dehydration - thermal dehydrochlorination - polyvinyl-chloride) - derivatives - costabilizers - conversion - stearates - synergism - hexitols
    The long-term heat stabilisation efficiency of (natural) polyol additives in heavy metal- and zinc-free poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) has been investigated. It is shown that polyols, such as sorbitol and xylitol, markedly reduce the dehydrochlorination rate and improve Congo Red values. Extraction experiments on unprocessed and ground-processed PVC-sorbitol (1.0 phr) mixtures after thermal degradation at 200 °C revealed that especially in the ground-processed PVC-sorbitol system, sorbitol is partly converted into its mono- and dianhydro-derivatives 1,4-sorbitan and isosorbide, respectively. Apparently, the HCl released during thermal degradation acts as the catalyst. Similar intramolecular cyclodehydration reactions also occur with the natural polyols, erythritol and xylitol, under these conditions. Scrutiny of the measured dehydrochlorination rates and the Congo Red values for ground-processed heavy metal- and zinc-free PVC¿polyol mixtures show that in particular polyols containing primary hydroxyl groups exert long-term heat stabilisation and that they act as efficient HCl scavengers
    Nisine geholpen met hordentechnologie
    Jong, L.S. de - \ 2001
    Voedingsmiddelentechnologie 34 (2001)8. - ISSN 0042-7934 - p. 49 - 49.
    bacteriocinen - nisine - conserveerkwaliteit - voedselserveermethoden - pathogenen - synergie - combinatie - voedselonderzoek - bacteriocins - nisin - canning quality - food serving methods - pathogens - synergism - combination - food research
    Een combinatie van nisine met carvacrol, thymol of carvon leidde tot een synergistische reductie van het aantal levensvatbare cellen van Listeria monocytogenes en Bacillus cereus. Verslag van een promotieonderzoek
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