The growth of academic spin-offs : the management team’s absorptive capacity and facilitator support
Khodaei, H. - \ 2015
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Onno Omta, co-promotor(en): Emiel Wubben; Victor Scholten. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462574885 - 148
ondernemerschap - universiteiten - ondersteunende maatregelen - bedrijfsvoering - teams - prestatieniveau - entrepreneurship - universities - support measures - management - teams - performance
The Growth of Academic Spin-offs
The Management Team’s Absorptive Capacity and Facilitator Support
Academic spin-offs are defined as new start-up firms that commercially exploit research developed within an academic environment to the benefit of economic, social, and regional development. These start-ups can be initiated by university employees, students or graduates, but also by external individuals grasping the opportunity to bring new knowledge to the market.
Academic spin-offs often face difficulties in translating their initial idea to a business opportunity. In this thesis it is proposed that academic spin-offs can overcome these challenges by enhancing their absorptive capacity and by taking advantage of the guidance and resources provided by supporting organizations. Our findings can assist Academic spin-offs founders to develop their management team capabilities. They can also help university facilitators to optimize their support activities and policy makers to optimize the regional innovation ecosystem.
Diagnose bijenziekten in de regio
Cornelissen, B. - \ 2014
Bijenhouden 8 (2014)6. - ISSN 1877-9786 - p. 24 - 24.
bijenhouderij - bijenziekten - onderzoek - bemonsteren - werkgroepen - teams - diagnose - regionale centra - beekeeping - bee diseases - research - sampling - working groups - teams - diagnosis - central places
Voor imkers onderzoekt bijen@wur al jaren bijen- en broedmonsters op een aantal veel voorkomende ziekten. In de laatste 20 jaar zijn bijna 3000 monsters onderzocht. Het herkennen van de symptomen van ziekten blijft een expertise van Bijen@wur, terwijl het beter zou zijn als bijenhouders dat zelf zouden kunnen. Om deze kennis beschikbaar te maken voor bijenhouders, is er dit jaar voor een andere opzet gekozen
Use of an Interculturally Enriched Collaboration Script in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning in Higher Education
Popov, V. ; Biemans, H.J.A. ; Kuznetsov, A.N. ; Mulder, M. - \ 2014
Technology, Pedagogy and Education 23 (2014)3. - ISSN 1475-939X - p. 349 - 374.
environment - behaviors - cognition - students - outcomes - culture - dyads - teams - cscl
In this exploratory study, the authors introduced an interculturally enriched collaboration script (IECS) for working in culturally diverse groups within a computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) environment and then assessed student online collaborative behaviour, learning performance and experiences. The question was if and how these variables differed for the groups that used an IECS versus groups that used a general collaboration script (CS) that did not include intercultural elements. Using a web conferencing tool, 47 students from a university in Ukraine and a university in the Netherlands worked together in groups to develop project plans on an environmental problem. The groups in the IECS condition showed a higher frequency of so-called contributing behaviour but a lower frequency of planning behaviour, seeking input and social interaction than the groups in the CS condition. The IECS groups also produced better project plans than the CS groups. Future study using a similar experimental set-up but with larger samples is recommended to see if the present results can be replicated.
Improving internal communication between marketing and technology functions for successful new food product development
Jacobsen, L.F. ; Grunert, K.G. ; Søndergaard, H.A. ; Steenbekkers, B. ; Dekker, M. ; Lähteenmäki, L. - \ 2014
Trends in Food Science and Technology 37 (2014)2. - ISSN 0924-2244 - p. 106 - 114.
r-and-d - knowledge management - innovation - performance - integration - perspective - industry - projects - flows - teams
In order to increase the new product development (NPD) success for novel food products, it is crucial to understand how information can be optimally disseminated within companies. This systematic literature review concentrates on factors influencing internal communication between market and technology experts within the NPD process from a food industry point of view. The review provides practical implications for improving internal communication in food companies and identifies knowledge gaps. By focussing on optimising organisational structure, team composition, management support, and knowledge management, food companies can enhance internal communication between market and technology functions during the NPD process.
The visibility of trust: Exploring the connection between trust and interaction in a Dutch collaborative governance boardroom
Oortmerssen, L.A. van; Woerkum, C. van; Aarts, N. - \ 2014
Public Management Review 16 (2014)5. - ISSN 1471-9037 - p. 666 - 685.
communication - negotiation - impact - cooperation - alliances - networks - outcomes - climate - teams
In multi-stakeholder collaboration settings, trust plays a significant role. We explore the connection between trust and interaction over time in a collaborative governance board. To this end, we conducted a case study of the board of a collaborative governance arrangement in professional education. The results include an increase in trust within the board as well as three changes in the interaction pattern during board meetings: more openness, more responsiveness and more speed. It is argued that the increase in trust and the changes in interaction are related, implying that trust is visible in interaction content, interaction atmosphere and interaction process.
Open innovation competence : towards a competence profile for inter-organizational collaboration innovation teams
Chatenier, E. du - \ 2009
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Martin Mulder; Onno Omta, co-promotor(en): Harm Biemans; Jos Verstegen. - [S.l. : S.n. - ISBN 9789085854425 - 200
organisaties - samenwerking - innovaties - teams - vakbekwaamheid - economische samenwerking - organizations - cooperation - innovations - teams - professional competence - economic cooperation
Global competition and specialisation have resulted in an innovation trend called ‘open innovation’, in which companies develop new products, services or markets collaboratively, by using each others’ know-how, technology, licenses, brands or market channels. A complex form of open innovation is pooled R&D or co-development in strategic partnerships, i.e., open innovation teams. These partnerships embody mutual working relationships between two or more parties aimed at creating and delivering a new product, technology or service. Although inter-organizational collaboration has often proved to be a prerequisite for successful innovation processes, not each external collaboration results in a success story. It appears that the diversity of organizational backgrounds in open innovation teams can be a source of creativity, but also a source of social and communicative dilemmas resulting in conflicts and project failures. Success factors for (open) innovation projects have been investigated extensively, but most studies undervalue and under-investigate the human side. Therefore, the research presented in this PhD dissertation focussed on individual competence in open innovation teams. The concept of competence is used to describe the range of skills and personal qualities people need for a certain job or task. Competence consists of competencies: integrated capabilities, consisting of knowledge, skills and attitudes, which are necessarily conditional for task performance, and for being able to function effectively in a certain job or situation. The main research question guiding this research was: Which competencies do professionals in an open innovation team need in order to contribute to a successful co-development?