Valuing the effect of land use change on landscape services on the urban–rural fringe
Zhou, Ting ; Kennedy, Erin ; Koomen, Eric ; Leeuwen, Eveline S. van - \ 2020
Journal of Environmental Planning and Management (2020). - ISSN 0964-0568
economic valuation - land-use change - lansdscape services - the Netherlands - urban–rural fringe
The urban–rural fringe is a dynamic environment where urban expansion limits the provision of landscape services. Economic valuation of these services is proposed to quantify the impact of urbanisation and inform planners of the potential losses that attribute to these land-use changes. However, most evaluation methods remain controversial regarding shortcomings in providing reliable results. This study applies market price, contingent valuation and value transfer methods and compares their performance in assessing the economic impact of land-use changes on the urban–rural fringe of the Amstelland (the Netherlands). Results with these applied methods differ greatly due to their respective advantages in revealing use values or non-use values of landscape services and dependence on land-use change. Thus, results are sensitive to value types, the scarcity of landscape services, scale of the study area, and involved stakeholders. This paper reflects on the strengths and weaknesses of these methods in different planning contexts.
Energy Efficient Housing through Organized Interactions? Conceptualizing the Roles of Householders and Providers in Housing Retrofitting in the Netherlands and China
Feijter, F.J. de; Vliet, B.J.M. van; Spaargaren, G. - \ 2019
Housing, Theory and Society (2019). - ISSN 1403-6096 - 21 p.
China - the Netherlands - housing retrofitting - providers-household interaction - householder participation - technology appropriation
Energy saving is an explicit goal of housing retrofitting in both the Netherlands and China. Retrofit providers expect to achieve this goal by applying insulation to apartment buildings and improvements in heating, cooling and ventilation. The aim of this paper is to explore both conceptually and empirically the interactions between householders and retrofit providers. Interaction activities are conceptualized in a framework of overlapping practices of retrofitting and everyday life. Empirical material is derived from interviews with retrofit providers and householders in the Netherlands and China. This paper shows that full energy saving potential in housing retrofitting fails to be accomplished, due to a limited involvement of householders at the consumption junctions in retrofit processes. Central to this failure are the limited options for residents to share pre-retrofit living experiences, to test future housing equipment beforehand and to customize retrofit packages. Also post-retrofit educational support, evaluation and monitoring is falling short to engage householders in their appropriation of their retrofitted apartment.
The power of argument : Enhancing citizen’s valuation of and attitude towards agricultural biodiversity
Runhaar, Hens ; Runhaar, Piety ; Bouwmans, Machiel ; Vink, Simon ; Buijs, Arjen ; Kleijn, David - \ 2019
International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 17 (2019)3. - ISSN 1473-5903 - p. 231 - 242.
aesthetical value - Agriculture - agrobiodiversity - instrumental value - intrinsic value - motivations - the Netherlands
Agrobiodiversity has been decreasing substantially in Europe. Social scientific research in this area has paid limited attention to how citizens value agrobiodiversity and its decline, and how these valuations can be influenced. We explore the influence of different arguments for enhancing agro-biodiversity, delivered via short movies, on attitudes and behaviour of students, environmental professionals and people interested in nature conservation in the Netherlands. We conclude that information provision does not influence attitudes. However, it does influence values assigned to agrobiodiversity, but not always in the ways we hypothesized. Information about the intrinsic value of agrobiodiversity has the most effects on values assigned to agrobiodiversity. Among students, women and people with a low emotional attachment with agricultural landscapes (‘place identity’ and ‘place dependence’), emphasizing the instrumental value of agrobiodiversity has a counter-intuitive effect. It does not influence the importance of this value but instead reinforces the intrinsic value they assign to agrobiodiversity. The latter finding is at odds with the instrumental biodiversity discourse in science and policy, which, under headings such as ecosystem services and natural capital, aims to mobilize support for nature conservation by emphasizing its instrumental, functional and economic values. Emphasizing the intrinsic value of agrobiodiversity seems more effective.
Global challenges, Dutch solutions? The shape of responsibility in Dutch science and technology policies
Molen, Franke van der; Ludwig, David ; Consoli, Luca ; Zwart, Hub - \ 2019
Journal of Responsible Innovation 6 (2019)3. - ISSN 2329-9460 - p. 340 - 345.
Responsible research and innovation - science and technology policy - the Netherlands
The Netherlands has a well-established tradition of gearing science and technology to economic interests as well as societal and ethical concerns. This article outlines how national dynamics in the Netherlands have not only contributed to the adoption of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) frameworks but also to a distinctly Dutch meaning and institutionalization of responsibility. It identifies three core features of the Dutch context that have shaped this meaning and institutionalization: 1) a strong focus on the societal and economic relevance of research and innovation, 2) a political culture that emphasizes inclusive deliberation and collaboration, and 3) a focus on integration and synergy with respect to RRI. The integration of RRI in a collaborative system of companies, government and universities is embraced as contributing to a global leadership of the Netherlands in response to grand challenges. However, this integrative approach also limits the potential of Dutch RRI to function as a disruptive concept that challenges the status of interactions between science, technology, and society.
Fuel to the fire : Risk governance and framing of shale gas in the Netherlands
Metze, Tamara - \ 2018
The Extractive Industries and Society 5 (2018)4. - ISSN 2214-790X - p. 663 - 672.
Energy controversy - Framing - Hydraulic fracturing - Shale gas - the Netherlands
Public resistance to shale gas in the Netherlands came as a surprise to governing actors. The Netherlands was a ‘gas land’ and shale gas extraction had been successfully framed as ‘business as usual’. However, in the eyes of the general public it turned into a ‘risky business’ and national government had to adjust their risk governance strategies. This study of the dynamics between national government's risk governance strategies, framing, and societal responses, shows that this wicked problem could not be managed by authoritative risk governance strategies, nor by collaborative risk governance strategies. Rather, these strategies added fuel to the fire, and resistance increased. The results indicate that all sorts of risk governance strategies, but especially collaborative risk governance strategies, should better take into account the normative dimensions of a conflict, and reflect on who is the legitimate actor to govern the issue. This ‘controversy governance’ includes the possibility to discuss the desirability and necessity of mining activities, and a reflection on who is a legitimate decision maker on a wicked problem.
Cutting dikes, cutting ties? Reintroducing Flood Dynamics in Coastal Polders in Bangladesh and the Netherlands
Warner, J.F. ; Staveren, M.F. van; Tatenhove, J.P.M. van - \ 2018
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 32 (2018). - ISSN 2212-4209 - p. 106 - 112.
controlled flooding; - flood risk management - the Netherlands - Bangladesh - Tidal River Management
Renewed attention for ecosystem dynamics when considering flood related interventions has been instrumental in shaping initiatives to ‘de-polder' lands, i.e. returning previously reclaimed land to the waters. This is a substantial paradigm shift in land and water management, as poldering has been crucial to the development of both the Dutch and Bangladeshi deltas, where wetlands have been turned into productive agricultural areas by constructing peripheral embankments to separate water in rivers from water within polders. Although these interventions have contributed significantly to increased food production and safer livelihoods within the embankments in the short run, negative socio-environmental effects also surfaced. Constructing flood preventive embankments also means preventing the deposition of sedimentation. As a consequence, soil subsidence and the increase of economic value in the built-up area behind the embankments, turned a 'high-incidence, low-consequence' flood risk situation into a 'low incidence – high consequence' one. It also led to changes in social structures, decision-making power and trade-offs between when and how much water is taken in or drained out – (re-)distributing hydrological risks between stakeholders. It is against this background that polder embankments have come in for strong criticism and reconsideration. They were cut, reduced in height, moved or even completely removed, in the cases central in this paper. As a result of such ‘de-poldering’, flood dynamics (riverine/freshwater or tidal) have reappeared in formerly enclosed lands. Proponents of ecosystem-based approaches to water and flood management have been instrumental in encouraging this practice.
This contribution describes and analyses two cases from the Dutch and Bangladeshi deltas, where these kinds of interventions have taken shape over the last 10–20 years. The article highlights the complexity and interaction between environmental, technological and socio-political drivers for (and against) dyke removal and restoration of flood dynamics to reduce flood disaster risk. The Dutch case emphasizes how a de-poldering project had redistributive consequences, when farmers felt they had to pay the price for other people's safety from flooding. The Bangladesh case study shows how controlled tidal flooding addresses another water related risk: prolonged water logging within delta polders. Originating in a popular practice of the region, this DRR strategy met with varying degrees of success when implemented as a top-down intervention.
Heritage as sector, factor and vector : conceptualizing the shifting relationship between heritage management and spatial planning
Janssen, Joks ; Luiten, Eric ; Renes, Hans ; Stegmeijer, Eva - \ 2017
European Planning Studies 25 (2017)9. - ISSN 0965-4313 - p. 1654 - 1672.
conservation - Heritage management - spatial planning - the Netherlands
Heritage is a highly malleable concept that is constantly in flux and whose substance and meaning are continuously being redefined by society. From such a dynamic perspective, it is inevitable that new approaches and practices have developed for dealing with heritage in the context of planned development. While most scholars acknowledge the existence of various heritage approaches, one of the major defining features is often neglected: their distinctive outlook on spatial dynamics. In this article, the shifting role and purpose of heritage conservation in Dutch spatial planning is analysed. A conceptual framework is introduced that frames three approaches to the planning treatment of heritage; the sector, factor and vector approach, respectively. Although these approaches have developed in a historical sequence, the new did not replace the old but rather gained ground amongst different actors. Thus, three quite different ways of treating the past in the present now coexist in Dutch planning practice. Although this coexistence can raise conflict, we argue that contemporary heritage planning does not call for a one-size-fits-all approach, but rather for a mixed-mode model.
Race/Ethnicity in Visual Imagery of Dutch Nature Conservation Organizations
Kloek, M.E. ; Elands, B.H.M. ; Schouten, M.G.C. - \ 2017
Society & Natural Resources 30 (2017)9. - ISSN 0894-1920 - p. 1033 - 1048.
content analysis - immigrants - people of color - promotional material - representations - the Netherlands
Nature conservation organizations in various Western countries, including the Netherlands, have noted that racial/ethnic minorities compared to Whites are “underparticipating” in recreation in natural areas and in nature conservation practices. Previous research trying to explain (under-)participation by racial/ethnic minorities in outdoor recreation and nature conservation mainly focused on characteristics of racial/ethnic groups. This study argues that nature conservation organizations themselves—although in all likelihood unintentionally—may play a role in participation of racial/ethnic minorities as well, through their promotional material. A content analysis of 22,974 pictures in magazines and on websites of four large Dutch nature conservation organizations shows that only 3.8% of the depicted people were non-White. Our results indicate that visual imagery of nature conservation organizations, at least in the Netherlands, (re)produces an image of outdoor recreation and nature conservation as being activities almost exclusively performed by Whites.
Analysing trade-offs between milk, feed and manure production on Dutch dairy farms
Samson, Sabrina ; Gardebroek, C. ; Jongeneel, R.A. - \ 2017
European Review of Agricultural Economics 44 (2017)3. - ISSN 0165-1587 - p. 475 - 498.
manure surplus - dairy - milk quota abolition - panel data - the Netherlands - Q12 - D22 - Q52
The abolition of milk quota fuels environmental concerns in the Netherlands. A microeconomic model is developed to analyse the technical relations between milk, roughage and manure production. Production functions for milk, feed and roughage are estimated based on milk quota and manure constraints. Together with an equation for manure production these are used to calculate the costs and benefits of dairy livestock expansion. It turns out that at the margin and at prevailing input and output prices and manure processing costs, it will be attractive for dairy farms to expand production, unless regulatory constraints prevent them from doing so.
Engineering community spirit : the pre-figurative politics of affective citizenship in Dutch local governance
Wilde, Mandy de; Duyvendak, Jan Willem - \ 2016
Citizenship Studies 20 (2016)8. - ISSN 1362-1025 - p. 973 - 993.
Affective citizenship - belonging - community - local governance - pre-figurative politics - sensitising policy techniques - the Netherlands
Over the past two decades, communitarian criticisms of the lack of public engagement and a sense of local belonging have inspired extensive debates across Western Europe on how best to govern deprived urban neighbourhoods. One governmental strategy has been to engineer neighbourhood communities as localised, collective spheres of belonging. In this article, we show how ‘governing through affect’ has been part of Dutch neighbourhood policy since the turn of the millennium. Through an in-depth study of a community participation programme in a deprived Amsterdam neighbourhood, we analyse how policy practitioners use ‘sensitising policy techniques’ to enhance social cohesion and encourage communitarian citizenship among neighbourhood residents. Although governments often speak of ‘communities’ as self-evident entities, we argue that communities are better understood as enactments where discourses of neighbourliness, proximity, intimacy and familiarity encourage a localised, collective sense of belonging–a governmental strategy that mimics the ‘pre-figurative’ politics of radical social movements.
Self-build in the UK and Netherlands: mainstreaming self-development to address housing shortages?
Lloyd, M.G. ; Peel, D. ; Janssen-Jansen, Leonie - \ 2015
Urban, Planning and Transport Research 3 (2015)1. - ISSN 2165-0020 - p. 19 - 31.
land use planning - self-build - policy - think tanks - the Netherlands
This paper examines approaches to self or custom-build in the Netherlands and the UK to offer comparative insights into self- and custom-built housing contexts and cultures, and specifically, the relationships with local and strategic planning arrangements. The paper reviews arguments for self-build as a means to address housing shortages and examines the evidence of completions in practice. It positions the discussion in light of arguments that self-build can become a mainstream source of housing provision. The paper critically considers the role of think tanks in advocating housing policy solutions. Adopting a social constructionist perspective, the paper examines the work of the National Self-Build Association which has devised and implemented an action plan to promote the growth of self-build housing in the UK. Almere, which is located east of Amsterdam, is one of the case studies explored to inform thinking around self-build in the devolved UK. The conclusions tease out some of the implications for democratic and technocratic arguments around self-development and the right to design and build one’s home.