Warmer climates boost cyanobacterial dominance in shallow lakes
Kosten, S. ; Huszar, V.M. ; Bécares, E. ; Costa, S. ; Donk, E. van; Hansson, L. ; Lurling, M.F.L.L.W. - \ 2012
Global Change Biology 18 (2012)1. - ISSN 1354-1013 - p. 118 - 126.
fytoplankton - klimatologie - cyanobacteriën - temperatuur - meren - oppervlaktewaterkwaliteit - phytoplankton - climatology - cyanobacteria - temperature - lakes - surface water quality - fish community structure - trophic state - phytoplankton community - mesocosm experiments - blooms - nitrogen - nutrient - phosphorus - eutrophication
Dominance by cyanobacteria hampers human use of lakes and reservoirs worldwide. Previous studies indicate that excessive nutrient loading and warmer conditions promote dominance by cyanobacteria, but evidence from global scale field data has so far been scarce. Our analysis, based on a study of 143 lakes along a latitudinal transect ranging from subarctic Europe to southern South America, shows that although warmer climates do not result in higher overall phytoplankton biomass, the percentage of the total phytoplankton biovolume attributable to cyanobacteria increases steeply with temperature.
Lake and watershed characteristics rather than climate influence nutrient limitation in shallow lakes
Kosten, S. ; Huszar, V.M. ; Mazzeo, N. ; Scheffer, M. ; Sternberg, L.S.L. ; Jeppesen, E. - \ 2009
Ecological Applications 19 (2009)7. - ISSN 1051-0761 - p. 1791 - 1804.
waterkwaliteit - voedingsstoffen - meren - stikstof - fosfor - cyanobacteriën - eutrofiëring - herstel - klimaat - zuid-amerika - primaire productie - water quality - nutrients - lakes - nitrogen - phosphorus - cyanobacteria - eutrophication - rehabilitation - climate - south america - primary production - phytoplankton community structure - fresh-water - meteoric precipitation - nitrogen-retention - subtropical lakes - trophic state - danish lakes - n-p - denitrification
Both nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) can limit primary production in shallow lakes, but it is still debated how the importance of N and P varies in time and space. We sampled 83 shallow lakes along a latitudinal gradient (5°–55° S) in South America and assessed the potential nutrient limitation using different methods including nutrient ratios in sediment, water, and seston, dissolved nutrient concentrations, and occurrence of N-fixing cyanobacteria. We found that local characteristics such as soil type and associated land use in the catchment, hydrology, and also the presence of abundant submerged macrophyte growth influenced N and P limitation. We found neither a consistent variation in nutrient limitation nor indications for a steady change in denitrification along the latitudinal gradient. Contrary to findings in other regions, we did not find a relationship between the occurrence of (N-fixing and non-N-fixing) cyanobacteria and the TN:TP ratio. We found N-fixing cyanobacteria (those with heterocysts) exclusively in lakes with dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) concentrations of
The distribution of chydorids (Branchiopoda, Anomopoda)in European shallow lakes and its application to ecological quality monitoring
Eyto, E. de; Irvine, K. ; Garcia-Criado, F. ; Gyllström, M. ; Jeppesen, E. ; Kornijow, R. ; Miracle, M.R. ; Nykänen, M. ; Bareiss, C. ; Cerbin, S. ; Salujoe, J. ; Franken, R.J.M. ; Stephens, D. ; Moss, B. - \ 2003
Archiv für Hydrobiologie 156 (2003)2. - ISSN 0003-9136 - p. 181 - 202.
waterkwaliteit - meren - branchiopoda - biologische indicatoren - temperatuur - sediment - eutrofiëring - ecologie - europa - nederland - water quality - lakes - branchiopoda - biological indicators - temperature - sediment - eutrophication - ecology - europe - netherlands - trophic state - cladoceran remains - water chemistry - assemblages - reconstruction - zooplankton - sediments - microcrustacea
This study describes the chydorid (Branchiopoda, Anomopoda) assemblages from 66 European shallow lakes, and presents data relating the assemblages to lake type and ecological quality
This study describes the chydorid (Branchiopoda, Anomopoda) assemblages from 66 European shallow lakes, and presents data relating the assemblages to lake type and ecological quality. Forty species, out of a total recorded European fauna of 60 species, were found in the study sites. No significant differences were found between chydorid assemblages associated with rock and plant substrata. Patterns of distribution were best explained primarily by latitude and pH. Chlorophyll-a, total phosphorus, water temperature and Secchi depth were also correlated with assemblage descriptors. Alonopsis elongata, Alona rectangula, Alonella excisa and Pleuroxus uncinatus were shown to have higher prevalence in certain lake types. The dominance of Chydorus sphaericus in a third of the study sites was linked to eutrophication and high levels of chlorophyll-a. The relationship between chydorids and lake ecological quality was more apparent at species rather than community level. This study identifies important typological factors affecting chydorid distribution, and confirms that patterns of chydorid distribution previously reported from regional studies hold true across Europe.