Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Grassnuitkevers, een toekomstige bedreiging in gazons?
Vliet, Arnold van - \ 2016
lawns and turf - plant pests - curculionidae - external traits - properties - host plants - netherlands - spain - usa

Met de uitbreiding van grassnuitkevers in diverse landen zoals de Verenigde Staten en Spanje neemt de zorg toe dat er zich ook grassnuitkeversoorten in Nederland gaan vestigen door het verslepen van plantmateriaal of via vakantiegangers. Grassnuitkevers zijn vooral schadelijk voor gras, maar doen zich ook te goed aan mais, tarwe en varens.

Competitiveness of the EU food industry : ex-post assessmentof trade performance embedded in international economic theory
Wijnands, J.H.M. ; Verhoog, A.D. - \ 2016
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (Report / LEI Wageningen UR 2016-018) - ISBN 9789086157358 - 79 p.
food industry - market competition - competitive ability - terms of trade - economic indicators - international trade - world markets - european union - usa - voedselindustrie - marktconcurrentie - concurrerend vermogen - ruilvoet - economische indicatoren - internationale handel - wereldmarkten - europese unie - vs
This study assessed the competitiveness of the EU food industry benchmarked against USA, Australia, Brazil and Canada. This assessment is based on trade indicators (Relative Net trade advantage and export share on the world market) and on economic indicators (value added, labour productivity and share value added in total manufacturing). This study is an update of an earlier study executed in 2007. The overall competitiveness performance of the EU28 (intra-EU trade excluded) remained weak: the three economic indicators weakened and the trade indicators improved in period (2) 2008-2012 compared to period (1) 2003-2007. The position in period 2 was even weaker than the relative weak position in period 1. Brazil remained the strongest and the USA became strong.
Critical ethical issues in USA animal production : executive summary
Hoste, R. ; Oosterkamp, E.B. - \ 2016
LEI Wageningen UR (Factsheet / LEI Wageningen UR VR2015-137) - 2 p.
animal welfare - animal ethics - animal husbandry - legislation - european union - usa - eu regulations - animal production - animal housing - dairy cattle - pigs - veal calves - beef cattle - broilers - dierenwelzijn - dierethiek - dierhouderij - wetgeving - europese unie - vs - eu regelingen - dierlijke productie - huisvesting, dieren - melkvee - varkens - vleeskalveren - vleesvee - vleeskuikens
In 2014, the non-governmental organisation Wakker Dier in the Netherlands criticised ING for financing animal farms outside the European Union (EU). The NGO expressed its concern that local regulation would not sufficiently guarantee animal welfare standards up to the level guaranteed under EU regulations. Early 2015, LEI Wageningen UR was requested to identify potential detrimental activities in the United States of America (USA) animal husbandry sector due to gaps between EU and USA legislation and local animal welfare standards applied in the USA. Activities covered by ING clients in the USA and thus in scope of this research involve pigs, layers, broilers, veal calves, dairy cows and beef cows. The aim of this report is to provide a qualified comparison of animal welfare standards in the USA and the EU and to identify animal welfare and other potential ethical issues within animal farming in the USA and to identify critical issues on which ING is advised to take a strategic position.
Stimuli for municipal responses to climate adaptation: insights from Philadelphia – an early adapter
Uittenbroek, C.J. ; Janssen-Jansen, Leonie ; Runhaar, H.A.C. - \ 2016
International Journal of Climate change Strategies and Management 8 (2016)1. - ISSN 1756-8692 - p. 38 - 56.
climate adaptation - stimuli - governance approaches - Philadelphia - institutional entrepreneurship - political leadership
An in-depth understanding of these stimuli is currently lacking in literature as most research has focussed on overcoming barriers to climate adaptation. The aim of this paper is to identify stimuli for municipal responses to climate adaptation and examine how they influence the governance approach to addressing climate adaptation through explorative case study research. Fort this, an early adapter was selected as case: Philadelphia (USA). By reconstructing the organization of two municipal responses to climate adaptation in this city, we have been able to identify stimuli and gain insight in the city’s governance approach. The reconstruction is based on data triangulation that consists of semi-structured interviews with actors involved in these responses, policy documents and newspaper articles. The research illustrates the importance of stimuli such as strategically framing climate adaptation within wider urban agendas, political leadership and institutional entrepreneurs. Moreover the research reveals that it is the combination of stimuli that influences the governance approach to climate adaptation. Some stimuli will trigger a dedicated approach to climate adaptation, while others initiate a mainstreaming approach. This research is important especially to municipalities to recognize stimuli within their own (policy) context and subsequently, make informed decisions to exploit all or some of these stimuli to initiate a governance approach to climate adaptation.
Beter benutten van eigen gewas maakt import soja overbodig
Sanders, Johan - \ 2014
protein plants - protein foods - protein sources - soyabean oilmeal - soya protein - regional specialty products - grasses - biorefinery - sustainability - imports - european union countries - netherlands - usa - latin america

In de jaren vijftig gold de boer nog als een ‘achterlijke lomperik’, die via speciale streekverbeteringsprogramma’s de twintigste eeuw ingeloodst moest worden. Nu boeren agrarische ondernemers zijn geworden, overheerst de nostalgie naar het landleven in de jaren vijftig.

Changes in wet nitrogen deposition in the United States between 1985 and 2012
Du, E. ; Vries, W. de; Galloway, J.N. ; Hu, X. ; Fang, J. - \ 2014
Environmental Research Letters 9 (2014). - ISSN 1748-9326 - 8 p.
precipitation chemistry - ammonia emissions - reactive nitrogen - reduced nitrogen - critical loads - trends - environment - future - usa
The United States (US) is among the global hotspots of nitrogen (N) deposition and assessing the temporal trends of wet N deposition is relevant to quantify the effectiveness of existing N regulation policies and its consequent environmental effects. This study analyzed changes in observed wet deposition of dissolved inorganic N (DIN = ammonium + nitrate) in the US between 1985 and 2012 by applying a Mann–Kendall test and Regional Kendall test. Current wet DIN deposition (2011–2012) data were used to gain insight in the current pattern of N deposition. Wet DIN deposition generally decreased going from Midwest > Northeast > South > West region with a national mean rate of 3.5 kg N ha-1 yr-1. Ammonium dominated wet DIN deposition in the Midwest, South and West regions, whereas nitrate and ammonium both contributed a half in the Northeast region. Wet DIN deposition showed no significant change at the national scale between 1985 and 2012, but profound changes occurred in its components. Wet ammonium deposition showed a significant increasing trend at national scale (0.013 kg N ha-1 yr-2), with the highest increase in the Midwest and eastern part of the South region. Inversely, wet nitrate deposition decreased significantly at national scale (-0.014 kg N ha-1 yr-2), with the largest reduction in the Northeast region. Overall, ratios of ammonium versus nitrate in wet deposition showed a significant increase in all the four regions, resulting in a transition of the dominant N species from nitrate to ammonium. Distinct magnitudes, trends and patterns of wet ammonium and nitrate deposition suggest the needs to control N emissions by species and regions to avoid negative effects of N deposition on ecosystem health and function in the US.
'Meer concurrentie door handelsakkoord'
Berkum, Siemen van - \ 2014
trade liberalization - international trade - trade agreements - trade barriers - agricultural trade - european union - usa - exports
Effects of an EU-US trade agreement on the Dutch agro-food sector
Berkum, S. van; Rutten, M.M. ; Wijnands, J.H.M. ; Verhoog, A.D. - \ 2014
The Hague : LEI Wageningen UR (Report / LEI Wageningen UR 2014-021) - ISBN 9789086156801 - 84
agrarische handel - handelsakkoorden - voedselproducten - landbouwproducten - europese unie - vs - agricultural trade - trade agreements - food products - agricultural products - european union - usa
Biofuels and Vertical Price Transmission: The Case of the US Corn, Ethanol, and Food Markets
Drabik, D. ; Ciaian, P. ; Pokrivcak, J. - \ 2014
KU Leuven, LICOS
voedsel versus brandstof - biobrandstoffen - marktprijzen - agrarische economie - economische analyse - maïs - bioethanol - voedselprijzen - vs - biobased economy - food vs fuel - biofuels - market prices - agricultural economics - economic analysis - maize - food prices - usa
This is the first paper to analyze the impact of biofuels on the price transmission along the food chain. We analyze the U.S. corn sector and its vertical links with food and ethanol (energy) markets. We find that biofuels affect the price transmission elasticity in the food chain compared to a no biofuel production situation but the effect depends on the source of the market shock and the policy regime: the price transmission elasticity declines under a binding blender’s tax credit and a food market shock. Our results also indicate that the response of corn and food prices to shocks in the corn and/or food markets is lower in the presence of biofuels. Finally, the sensitivity analyses indicate that our results are robust to different assumptions about the model parameters.
Hydrological drought : characterisation and representation in large-scale models
Huijgevoort, M.H.J. van - \ 2014
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Remko Uijlenhoet, co-promotor(en): Henny van Lanen. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789461739414 - 124
hydrologie van stroomgebieden - droogte - klimaatverandering - wateropslag - scenario-analyse - modellen - europa - vs - catchment hydrology - drought - climatic change - water storage - scenario analysis - models - europe - usa
De verwachting is dat door klimaatverandering de intensiteit van droogte zal toenemen in verschillende gebieden op de wereld. Uitkomsten van vijf hydrologische modellen in combinate met drie klimaatmodellen voor het A2 emissie scenario zijn gebruikt om effecten van klimaatverandering op hydrologische droogte te analyseren voor verschillende stroomgebieden. Droogtes en lage afvoeren (maandelijkse 20ste percentiel waarden, Q20) zijn geïdentificeerd uit de uitkomsten van de hydrologische modellen voor een historische periode (1971–2000) en een periode in de toekomst (2071–2100). De gesimuleerde lage afvoeren voor de historische periode zijn vergeleken met geobserveerde lage afvoeren van de verschillende stroomgebieden. De modelcombinaties (combinatie van een klimaatmodel en een hydrologisch model), die de beste resultaten gaven, zijn gebruikt voor verdere analyse. In koude klimaten werd een verschuiving in het hydrologische regime (de piek van sneeuwsmelt zal eerder optreden) waargenomen en een verhoging van de lage afvoeren tussen de historische periode en de periode in de toekomst. Voor aride klimaten gaven de modelcombinaties aan dat omstandigheden nog droger zullen worden in de toekomst. Voor vochtige klimaten werden zowel drogere als nattere situaties verwacht op basis van de modelcombinaties
Ernest Oberholtzer : het belang van rollen en ambiguïteit voor het landschap (Forumbijdrage)
Assche, K.A.M. van - \ 2013
Landschap : tijdschrift voor landschapsecologie en milieukunde 30 (2013)2. - ISSN 0169-6300 - p. 69 - 74.
natuurbescherming - deskundigen - veldwerk - biografieën - vs - nature conservation - experts - field work - biographies - usa
De Amerikaanse natuurbeschermer Ernest Oberholtzer (1884-1977) is ten onrechte in de vergetelheid geraakt. Hij werkte in een omgeving die vijandig stond ten opzichte van de natuurbescherming, maar wist door zijn verhalen, netwerken en optreden toch invloed uit te oefenen. Zijn leven en werk zijn ook voor ons in Nederland nog steeds, en misschien wel steeds meer, een studie waard.
Gastropolis voedsel planning en landschap
Valk, Arnold van der - \ 2013
food production - urban agriculture - usa - social problems - sustainability
The relative influence of catchment, riparian corridor, and reach-scale anthropogenic pressures on fish and macroinvertebrate assemblages in French rivers
Marzin, A. ; Verdonschot, P.F.M. ; Pont, D. - \ 2013
Hydrobiologia 704 (2013)1. - ISSN 0018-8158 - p. 375 - 388.
stream biotic integrity - multiple spatial scales - land-use - water-quality - landscape influences - species traits - running waters - communities - habitat - usa
This study compares the relative influences of physiography and anthropogenic pressures on river biota at catchment, riparian corridor, and reach scales. Environmental data, catchment and riparian corridor land use, anthropogenic modifications and biological data were compiled for 301 French sites sampled from 2005 to 2008. First, relationships between anthropogenic pressures and fish and macroinvertebrate assemblages were analysed using redundancy analysis. Second, the influences of physiography and the three scales of human pressures on biological assemblages were measured using variance partitioning. Distributions of fish and macroinvertebrate taxa along the pressure gradients agreed with bio-ecological knowledge. At the reach scale, assemblage variability among the 301 French sites was related to the presence of an impoundment and to poor water quality, while at larger scales it was linked to a gradient from forest to agricultural covers. In addition, a large proportion of the explained variability in assemblage composition was related to complex interactions among factors (~40%) and to physiographic variables (~30%). Furthermore, our results highlight that catchment land use better reflects local water quality impairments than hydromorphological degradations. Finally, this study supports the idea that human pressure effects on river communities are linked at several spatial scales and must be considered jointly.
Stadslandbouw in de Big Apple : meer dan 700 voedselproducerende tuinen
Veen, E.J. ; Vijn, M.P. - \ 2013
Ekoland 33 (2013)1. - ISSN 0926-9142 - p. 16 - 17.
stadslandbouw - pergola-associaties - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - vs - new york - excursies - urban agriculture - community supported agriculture - farm management - usa - field trips
In oktober 2012 organiseerde Praktijkonderzoek Plant & Omgeving (PPO) van Wageningen UR een reis naar New York voor ondernemers, beleidsmakers en onderzoekers die zich willen laten inspireren door de stadslandbouw in die stad. Onderzoeker Esther Veen was één van hen. Zij hield een blog bij over de vijfdaagse excursie. Dit artikel is een bewerkte, ingekorte versie van deze blog.
Think globally act locally; hoe een gemeenschap opbloeit dankzij een lokaal voedselweb
Vijn, M.P. ; Jansma, J.E. - \ 2013
Ekoland 33 (2013)2. - ISSN 0926-9142 - p. 22 - 23.
regionale voedselketens - pergola-associaties - samenwerking - regionale economie - regionale ontwikkeling - biologische landbouw - vs - regional food chains - community supported agriculture - cooperation - regional economics - regional development - organic farming - usa
Hardwick is een inspirerend voorbeeld van wat een aantal voedselproducenten kunnen bereiken als ze verbinding leggen met elkaar en met hun omgeving. Het restaurant Claire’s is een Community Supported Restaurant (CSR). Aan Main Street staat ook de Buffalo Mountain Food Co-op. In de Co-op liggen producten van lokale producenten naast gangbare. Boven de Co-op is een café waar lokale lunches worden aangeboden. De Co-op heeft zo’n duizend leden die ieder jaarlijks 12 dollar contributie betalen.
Risicoanalyse import ei- en spermacellen van honingbijen uit de Verenigde Staten en Canada
Steen, J.J.M. van der; Cornelissen, B. - \ 2012
Wageningen : Plant Research International Wageningen UR, Business Unit Biointeracties en Plantgezondheid (Rapport / Plant Research International 486)
apis mellifera - sperma - honingbijen - bijenziekten - quarantaine - nederland - vs - canada - semen - honey bees - bee diseases - quarantine - netherlands - usa
The economics of regulation in agriculture : compliance with public and private standards
Brouwer, F.M. ; Fox, G. ; Jongeneel, R.A. - \ 2012
Wallingford [etc.] : CABI - ISBN 9781845935573 - 278
landbouwbeleid - agrarische economie - regelingen - landbouw - milieubeleid - gezondheid - dierenwelzijn - europese unie - vs - canada - nieuw-zeeland - agricultural policy - agricultural economics - regulations - agriculture - environmental policy - health - animal welfare - european union - usa - new zealand
This volume investigates the cost implications and competitiveness effects resulting from regulations and standards in the fields of environment, human health and animal welfare and production-linked rules of "good agricultural conditions" for a range of agricultural products in the EU, USA, Canada and New Zealand. Part I of the book (chapters 2-6) highlights changes taking place in developed country agricultures. Part II (chapters 7-11) offers a commodity approach linking public concerns with trade and competitiveness. Emerging policy perspectives are identified in Part III (chapters 12-16).
Voedselplanning en Landschap in de Gastropolis New York
Valk, A.J.J. van der - \ 2012
Topos : periodiek over landschapsarchitectuur, ruimtelijke planning en sociaal-ruimtelijke analyse 2012 (2012)22. - ISSN 1572-302X - p. 12 - 21.
voedselproductie - stadslandbouw - vs - food production - urban agriculture - usa
De rol van voedsel in de planning van duurzame vormen van grondgebruik in de Verenigde Staten - in het bijzonder New York
Affective foodscapes in an economy of passion : repetition, opposition and adaptation in Mexican restaurants in Amsterdam, Madrid and San Francisco
Matus Ruiz, M. - \ 2012
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Leontine Visser, co-promotor(en): Gerard Verschoor; K. Lindström. - [S.l. : s.n. - ISBN 9789461732828 - 274
mexicaanse kookkunst - restaurants - eetgelegenheden - amsterdam - nederland - spanje - pacifische staten van de vs - vs - voedselconsumptie - identiteit - landschap - adaptatie - stedelijke samenleving - mexico - mexican cookery - restaurants - dining facilities - amsterdam - netherlands - spain - pacific states of usa - usa - food consumption - identity - landscape - adaptation - urban society - mexico

The
 main
 goal
 of
 my
 research
 was
 to
 analyze
 how
 the
 desire
 to
 affect
 and
 be
 affected
 by
 foreign
 signs
relates
 to
 the
 commoditization
 of
 food
 products
 offered
 in
 Mexican
 restaurants
 in
 Amsterdam,
 Madrid
and
 San
 Francisco.
 I
 conceive
 restaurants
 as
 foodscapes.
 Iargue
 that
 actors’
 attachments
 to
 passionate
networks
 enable
 their
 enactment.
 Foodscapes
 areintersemiotic
 translations
 of
 landscapes.
 In
 these
translations,
the
commoditization
of
food
has
been
based
on
its
relationships
with
idealized
entities
from the
Mexican
 and U.S.
 landscapes,
 giving
 rise
 to
 Tex‐Mex,
 Cal‐Mex,
 Mex‐Mex,
 Regional‐Mex
 and
“Real”‐ Mex
 restaurants.
The
 resulting
 foodscapes
 have
 the
 power
 to
 seduce
 consumers
 either
 by
 fixing
 their
beliefs
for
certain
foods
or
contaminating
new
passions.
My
approach
is
an
innovative
way
to
analyze
the
differentiation
of
markets
in
an
economy
that
bases
its
reproduction
in
the
contamination
of
desires
and
passions.



Exploring the relationship between public environmental ethics and river flood policies in western Europe
Groot, M. de - \ 2012
Journal of Environmental Management 93 (2012)1. - ISSN 0301-4797 - p. 1 - 9.
water management - netherlands - paradigm - scale - restoration - community - attitudes - usa
Two styles of river flood management can be distinguished: dike reinforcement and the more sustainable ‘Room for River’ option. This paper investigates public adherences to these two management styles and whether their adherence correlates with their Visions of Nature. The focus is especially on people’s image of the appropriate human/nature relationship, i.e. Mastery over nature, Stewardship of nature, Partnership of nature or Participation in nature. Other variables that are part of the analysis are the respondents’ sense of place, safety perception and background variables. The results of a written survey among riverside residents in France, Germany and the Netherlands (N = 1811) show high adherences to the Room for River style and a rejection of dike reinforcement. A regression analysis shows that adherence to the Room for River style correlates with adherence to the image of Stewardship, while adherence to dike reinforcement is predicted by Mastery over nature. Thus, according to the public a policy shift from dike reinforcement to a more sustainable style is seen as a fundamental one, connected to a change in environmental ethics.
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