Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Double emulsions as fat replacers : linking emulsion design to stability and sensory perception
    Oppermann, Anika - \ 2017
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Kees de Graaf, co-promotor(en): Markus Stieger; Elke Scholten. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463430722 - 186
    fats - fat - sensory sciences - sensory evaluation - emulsions - perception - gelation - vetten - vet - sensorische wetenschappen - sensorische evaluatie - emulsies - perceptie - gelering

    The use of double (w1/o/w2) emulsions, in which part of the oil is replaced by small water droplets, is a promising strategy to reduce oil content in food products. For successful applications, (1) significant levels of fat reduction (i.e. significant amounts of water inside the oil droplets) have to be achieved, (2) double emulsions have to be stable against conditions encountered during processing and storage, and (3) the mouthfeel and sensory perception have to be similar to that of full-fat equivalents. With the present work, significant progress was made in understanding the complex relations between double emulsion design, achievable levels of fat reduction, emulsion stability and sensory perception. We show that through careful emulsion design, stable double emulsions with high levels of fat reduction (up to 50%) can be obtained while maintaining fat-related sensory properties, making double emulsions a promising approach for the development of fat-reduced food products.

    The fatter the better : selecting microalgae cells for outdoor lipid production
    Dominguez Teles, I. - \ 2016
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Rene Wijffels, co-promotor(en): Maria Barbosa; Dorinde Kleinegris. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462578821 - 164
    algae - chlorococcum - lipids - lipogenesis - fat - production - phenotypes - inoculum - diameter - cells - sorting - algen - chlorococcum - lipiden - lipogenese - vet - productie - fenotypen - entstof - diameter - cellen - sorteren

    In chapter 1 we introduce microalgae, photosynthetic microorganisms with potential to replace commodities (such as food, feed, chemicals and fuels). Production costs are still high, reason why microalgae are still only economically feasible for niche markets. We suggest to borrow the concept of plant domestication to select industrial microalgae cells. Two approaches can be successfully used to domesticate microalgae: adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) and fluorescence assisted cell sorting (FACS). ALE takes advantage of the natural adaptability of microorganisms to different environments, while FACS actually select cells with specific phenotypes. This thesis aimed to select cells of Chlorococcum littorale with improved phenotypes, assuming that these cells could establish new populations with increased industrial performance.

    In Chapter 2 we wanted to know what happened during time to biomass and lipid productivities of Chlorococcum littorale repeatedly subjected to N-starvation. We tested 2 different cycles of N-starvation, short (6 days) and long (12 days). Short cycles didn’t affect lipid productivity, highlighting the potential of C. littorale to be produced in semi-continuous cultivation. Repeated cycles of N-starvation could have caused adaptations of the strain. Hence, we also discussed the implications of using repeated N-starvation for adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) experiments. Chapter 3 introduces a method to detect and to select microalgae cells with increased lipid content. The method requires only the fluorescence dye Bodipy505/515 dissolved in ethanol, and the method was designed to maintain cellular viability so the cells could be used to produce new inoculum. In chapter 4 we evaluated a question that emerged while deciding which criteria to use to sort lipid-rich cells: does cellular size affects lipid productivity of C. littorale? We hypothesized that cells with different diameters have different division rates, which could affect lipid productivity. Therefore, we assessed the influence of cell diameter, as a sorting parameter, on both biomass and lipid productivity of Chlorococcum littorale (comparing populations before and after sorting, based on different diameters). Results showed that the size of vegetative cells doesn’t affect the lipid productivity of C. littorale. In chapter 5 we present a strategy to sort cells of C. littorale with increased TAG productivity using the method developed at chapter 3. Both the original and the sorted population with the highest lipid productivity (namely, S5) were compared under simulated Dutch summer conditions. The results confirmed our data from experiments done under continuous light: S5 showed a double TAG productivity. Our results showed also that the selected phenotype was stable (1.5 year after sorting) and with potential to be used under industrial conditions. In chapter 6 we extrapolated our results (indoor and outdoor) to other climate conditions. We ran simulations changing the light conditions to four different locations worldwide (the Netherlands, Norway, Brazil and Spain) to estimate both biomass and TAG productivities. Results indicated that biomass yields were reduced at locations with higher light intensities (Brazil/Spain) when compared with locations with lower light intensities (Norway/Netherlands). Hence, the choice of location should not be based on light intensity, but on how stable irradiation is. Chapter 7 is the general discussion of the thesis, demonstrating that both ALE and FACS are effective approaches to select industrial microalgae cells. We also present our view on how ALE and FACS could further improve microalgae strains for industry.

    Lipid production in microalgae
    Klok, A.J. - \ 2013
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Rene Wijffels; Dirk Martens; Packo Lamers. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789461737762 - 224
    algen - biobased economy - vet - triacylglycerolen - algenteelt - algae - biobased economy - fat - triacylglycerols - algae culture
    Een goed voorbeeld van een bulkproduct dat gewonnen kan worden uit microalgen is triacylglycerol (TAG), een vet dat bestaat uit een glycerol molecuul met daaraan 3 vetzuurketens. Om de productie van TAG te kunnen verhogen is begrip van het biologische mechanisme dat TAG vorming veroorzaakt onontbeerlijk. Het doel van dit onderzoek was dan ook om meer inzicht te krijgen in het mechanisme van TAG accumulatie in microalgen die blootgesteld zijn aan nadelige groeicondities, en om de verkregen kennis te vertalen naar optimale kweekcondities voor TAG productie.
    Paling analyses Ecofide
    Hoek-van Nieuwenhuizen, M. van - \ 2013
    IJmuiden : IMARES (Rapport / IMARES Wageningen UR C196/13) - 13
    palingen - european eels - representatieve monstername - monsters - chemische analyse - polychloorbifenylen - organo-tinverbindingen - vet - droge stof - sporenelementen - eels - european eels - representative sampling - samples - chemical analysis - polychlorinated biphenyls - organotin compounds - fat - dry matter - trace elements
    De opdracht bestond uit het karakteriseren, fileren en homogeniseren tot een mengmonster van de door Ecofide aangeleverde set palingen; het uitvoeren van chemische analyses in het mengmonster en het rapporteren van de resultaten. Dit rapport omvat een korte omschrijving van de toegepaste methoden, een kwaliteitsparagraaf en een presentatie van de resultaten in Exceltabellen.
    Designing food structures to enhance sensory responses
    Mosca, A.C. - \ 2012
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Tiny van Boekel, co-promotor(en): Markus Stieger; F. van de Velde. - S.l. : s.n. - ISBN 9789461732477 - 164
    sucrose - vet - sensorische wetenschappen - smaakgevoeligheid - smaak - zintuiglijke waarneming - ruimtelijke verdeling - gels - mechanische eigenschappen - zoetheid - sucrose - fat - sensory sciences - taste sensitivity - taste - organolepsis - spatial distribution - gels - mechanical properties - sweetness

    Background and Aim

    The current overconsumption of sugar, salt and fat has been linked to the incidence of health problems. For this reason, it is necessary to decrease the intake of these food components. In the context of reducing the contents of sugar, salt and fat in food products while maintaining sensorial quality, the aim of this thesis was to identify and understand the factors that affect the perception of taste and fat-related sensory attributes in semi-solid foods. To achieve this aim, the relationship between the spatial distribution of sucrose, the mechanical properties of semi-solid gels and the perception of taste was investigated in detail. In addition, the relationship between the spatial distribution of fat and the perception of fat-related sensory attributes was investigated.


    Model systems composed of layers of mixed agar-gelatin gels were used to control the spatial distribution of sucrose and fat. Layers varying in concentration of sucrose or oil-in-water emulsion droplets (i.e. fat) were combined to prepare gels with homogeneous and inhomogeneous distributions of sucrose and fat. A series of experiments were carried out using 2-Alternative Forced Choice (2-AFC) tests, line scale ratings and time-intensity analysis to investigate the effects of modulation of the spatial distribution of sucrose and modulation of the mechanical properties of gels on sweetness intensity. The relationship between the spatial distribution of tastants and consumer preference was investigated in different types of foods (e.g. semi-solid gels, breads and sausages). Furthermore, a Quantitative Descriptive Analysis (QDA) panel was carried out to investigate the effect of modulation of the spatial distribution of fat on the perception of fat-related sensory attributes.


    An inhomogeneous distribution of sucrose at large sucrose concentration differences enhanced sweetness intensity. The frequency of high-intensity discontinuous stimulation of taste receptors, which is related to the presence of tastant concentration differences in the mouth during oral processing, was identified as the driving factor for taste enhancement. The oral breakdown of semi-solid gels, which is affected mainly by fracture strain, and the mixing behavior of gel fragments formed upon breakdownwere shown to influence the frequency of receptor stimulation and, consequently, taste enhancement. Furthermore, the optimum frequency of high-intensity discontinuous stimulation required to maximize taste enhancement was shown to depend on the textural properties of the gel. These findings suggest that the spatial distribution of tastants and the mechanical properties (especially fracture strain) can be modulatedto maximize taste enhancement. Additionally, consumer preference was found to be maintained or increased in products containing tastants heterogeneously distributed in the food matrix.

    Fat-related mouthfeel attributes, such as spreadable and melting, were enhanced by an inhomogeneous distribution of fat at large fat concentration differences. The presence of high-fat zones on the surface of the model system was shown to maximize the enhancement of attributes related to fat. Therefore, the enhancement of fat-related attributes seems to be driven by the presence of high-fat zones preferably on the surface of the product rather than by the presence of fat concentration differences within the product.


    The combined effects of modulation of the spatial distribution of tastants and fat and modulation of the mechanical properties can be applied in the development of low-sugar, low-salt and low-fat food products with improved taste quality.

    Celgetal en vet-eiwitverhouding hebben weing verband
    Smolders, E.A.A. - \ 2005
    V-focus 2 (2005)3. - ISSN 1574-1575 - p. 18 - 19.
    melkveehouderij - melkkoeien - energiebehoeften - celgetal - diergezondheid - vet - eiwitgehalte - vetgehalte - dairy farming - dairy cows - energy requirements - somatic cell count - fat - protein content - animal health - fat content
    Exacte cijfers, die aangeven hoe het staat met de energiehuishouding van melkkoeien, zijn er niet. Onderzoek op de Animal Sciences Group moest uitwijzen of het celgetal in relatie tot het vet-eiwitgehalte in de melk een handvat is. Maar de relatie tussen beide getallen blijkt zwak te zijn
    Bunzingen ontleed
    Dekker, J.J.A. ; Roodbergen, M. ; Klaassen, R.H.G. - \ 2002
    Zoogdier 13 (2002)2. - ISSN 0925-1006 - p. 23 - 25.
    bunzings - mustela - verkeersongevallen - biologische technieken - postmortale onderzoeken - lichaamsvet - vet - lichaamssamenstelling - dieranatomie - lichaamsconditie - voortplanting - dierfysiologie - voortplantingsgedrag - voedselvoorkeuren - polecats - mustela - traffic accidents - biological techniques - postmortem examinations - body fat - fat - body composition - animal anatomy - body condition - reproduction - animal physiology - reproductive behaviour - food preferences
    Om meer te weten te komen over de verborgen leefwijze van de bunzing worden dieren die slachtoffer werden van het verkeer door Alterra ontleed en o.a. onderzocht op vethoeveelheid (als indicatie van de conditie), voorplantingsstatus (aanwezigheid van sperma, als indicatie van het mogelijke aantal worpen per jaar) en maaginhoud (voedselkeuze)
    Extra dietary starch in late-pregnant sows fed a high fibre diet: effect on litter weight at birth
    Peet-Schwering, C.M.C. van der; Binnendijk, G.P. ; Verstegen, M.W.A. - \ 2002
    Lelystad : Praktijkonderzoek Veehouderij (Praktijkboek / Praktijkonderzoek Veehouderij 19) - 13
    zeugenvoeding - samenstelling - zetmeel - vet - voeropname - worpgewicht - geboorte - zeugen - zwangerschap - sow feeding - composition - starch - fat - feed intake - litter weight - birth - sows - pregnancy
    An experiment with 141 multiparous pregnant sows was conducted to investigate whether the supply of glucogenic energy at the end of pregnancy may be insufficient for an optimal growth of the foetuses in sows that are fed a diet with a high level of non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) and low level of starch. Sows were fed one of three diets from day 85 of pregnancy until parturition: : :Sows were fed a high NSP low starch diet. The daily intake of starch and sugar was 500 g. : :Sows were fed the same diet in the same amount as the sows in treatment 1 plus an extra daily amount of 500 g starch from wheat starch (is glucogenic energy). This means that the sows were fed 0.58 kg/d extra wheat starch (is 6.73 MJ glucogenic NE) during the last month of pregnancy. : :Sows were fed the same diet in the same amount as the sows in treatment 1 plus an extra daily amount of 200 g soya oil (is 6.73 MJ lipogenic NE). This treatment was added because otherwise it will not be clear whether energy or glucogenic energy is thelimiting factor. : :From day 1 of day 85 of pregnancy all sows were fed the high NSP low starch diet. During lactation all sows were fed the same lactation diet. Effects on litter performance, on changes in body weight and backfat thickness of the sows, and on feed intakeduring lactation were studied. The supply of extra dietary starch or extra dietary fat in late-pregnant sows that were fed a high NSP low starch diet did not increase litter weight at birth. This suggests that sows that were fed the high NSP low starch diet received sufficient glucogenic energy for foetal development. : :The number of stillborn piglets was numerically higher in sows that received extra dietary fat at the end of pregnancy. Sows that were fed extra dietary starch or extra dietary fat increased more in weight and backfat thickness during late pregnancy than sows that were fed the high NSP low starch diet. Decreases in weight and backfat thickness during lactation were similar for the three experimental treatments. Voluntary feed intake during lactation was slightly decreased in sows that were fed extra starch or extra fat in late pregnancy. :The present study shows that late-pregnant sows can be fed a high NSP low starch diet without adverse effects on litter weight at birth. A daily intake of 500 to 600 g starch and sugar in latepregnant sows seems sufficient for optimal growth of the foetuses.
    Ontwikkeling van een vloeistofchromatografische methode voor de bepaling van residuen van ivermectine in vlees, lever, nier, vet en melk
    Beek, W.M.J. ; Keukens, H.J. - \ 2000
    Wageningen : Rijks-Kwaliteitsinstituut voor land- en tuinbouwprodukten (RIKILT) (Rapport / RIKILT 2000.008)
    hplc - ivermectine - vlees - vet - melk - analytische scheikunde - hplc - ivermectin - meat - fat - milk - analytical chemistry
    Productieverloop melk en gehalten
    Ouweltjes, W. - \ 1998
    Praktijkonderzoek Rundvee, Schapen en Paarden. Praktijkonderzoek 11 (1998)4. - ISSN 1386-8470 - p. 30 - 33.
    melkopbrengst - melkvee - melkveehouderij - melkklieren - melksecretie - lactatie - dierlijke producten - vet - eiwitgehalte - vetgehalte - milk yield - dairy cattle - dairy farming - mammary glands - milk secretion - lactation - animal products - fat - protein content - fat content
    De productie kan worden weergegeven met lactatiecurves. Bij toename van het productieniveau neemt het belang van het melkinterval toe.
    invloed van het intramusculair vetgehalte op de eetkwaliteit van varkenskarbonade = The effect of intramuscular fat content on the eating quality of pork chops
    Hoving - Bolink, A.H. ; Eikelenboom, G. ; Vonder, G. - \ 1994
    Zeist : ID-DLO (IVO - rapport B-372) - 27
    analyse - dierlijke producten - controle - vet - varkensvlees - kwaliteit - testen - vetgehalte - analysis - animal products - control - fat - pigmeat - quality - testing - fat content
    Intensief mesten Flevolander vleeslammeren alleen mogelijk bij relatief lage karkasgewichten
    Heeres-van der Tol, J.J. ; Boer, J. de; Straalen, W.M. van - \ 1994
    Praktijkonderzoek / Praktijkonderzoek Rundvee, Schapen en Paarden (PR), Waiboerhoeve 7 (1994)6. - ISSN 0921-8874 - p. 7 - 11.
    diervoedering - dierlijke producten - karkassamenstelling - ooien - vet - voer - massa - voedingswaarde - gewicht - hamels - jonge dieren - vetgehalte - animal feeding - animal products - carcass composition - ewes - fat - feeds - mass - nutritive value - weight - wethers - young animals - fat content
    Bij deze voederproef was de vraag of met een vergaande energiebeperking de ram- en ooilammeren op resp. 36 en 40 kg afgeleverd kunnen worden met een 2°-vetbedekking.
    Effect kuilkwaliteit op vetgehalte in melk
    Bruins, W.J. - \ 1992
    Praktijkonderzoek / Praktijkonderzoek Rundvee, Schapen en Paarden (PR), Waiboerhoeve 5 (1992)2. - ISSN 0921-8874 - p. 5 - 6.
    dierlijke producten - melkvee - melkveehouderij - zuivelindustrie - vet - melkproducten - kuilvoer - vetgehalte - animal products - dairy cattle - dairy farming - dairy industry - fat - milk products - silage - fat content
    Veel ruwvoer in het winterrantsoen is de goedkoopste manier om ruwvoeroverschotten weg te werken. Veel ruwvoer en vooral voordroogkuil in het rantsoen heeft echter een positief effect op het vetgehalte van de melk.
    Effect van olijfolie op het totaalserum- en HDL-cholesterolgehalte bij gezonde mensen.
    Mensink, R.P. ; Severijnen-Nobels, A.P. ; Vries, J.H.M. de; Katan, M.B. - \ 1988
    Voeding 49 (1988)6. - ISSN 0042-7926 - p. 138 - 142.
    koolhydraten - cholesterol - vet - vetten - voedselhygiëne - voeding - olijfolie - carbohydrates - cholesterol - fat - fats - food hygiene - nutrition - olive oil
    De resultaten van een voedingsexperiment zijn besproken. Het vervangen van verzadigde vetten door vetten met enkelvoudig onverzadigde vetzuren kan van betekenis zijn voor de preventie van hart- en vaatziekten.
    The stability of recombined milk fat globules
    Melsen, J.P. - \ 1987
    Agricultural University. Promotor(en): P. Walstra. - S.l. : Melsen - 146
    dierlijke producten - colloïden - zuivelindustrie - dispersie - emulsies - vet - melkproducten - oliën - malsheid - textuur - water - vetgehalte - animal products - colloids - dairy industry - dispersion - emulsions - fat - milk products - oils - tenderness - texture - water - fat content

    The stability of the fat globules in recombined milk products against creaming, flocculation, clustering, partial coalescence and real coalescence, with the emphasis on partial coalescence, was studied. (partial) Coalescence was characterized by determining changes in globule size distribution and fat content. Without crystals the emulsions were mostly stable at rest and during flow. If crystals were present, natural cream and emulsions of milk fat-in-whey were unstable in a flow, while emulsions of milk fat and skimmilk or milk fat and buttermilk remained fairly stable and only gave partial coalescence if high shear rates were applied to emulsions with a high fat content and a large average diameter.

    In some cases partial coalescence resulted in the formation of a few large clumps that coalesced into floating fat upon heating the emulsion to above the melting point of milk fat thus causing a reduction of the fat content of the underlying emulsion, in other cases partial coalescence resulted in the formation of many small clumps that coalesced into larger fat globules upon heating, thus causing an increase in average globule size. Coalescence course and rate appeared to depend on emulsion type and applied treatment. Partial coalescence of milk fat-in-whey emulsions nearly always resulted in a decrease of the fat content. With a model starting from a small fraction of reactive globules gradually growing into clumps during the treatment, the coalescence process of these emulsions was fairly good quantitatively described. The ideas whereupon this model is based were used to qualitatively explain the different partial coalescence processes observed with the other emulsions.

    Identificatie van vleesspecies
    Essers, M.L. ; Muuse, B.G. - \ 1986
    Wageningen : RIKILT (Rapport / RIKILT 86.84) - 12
    vlees - vleeswaren - dierlijke producten - vet - vetzuren - carbonzuren - vetgehalte - meat - meat products - animal products - fat - fatty acids - carboxylic acids - fat content
    Dit onderzoek heeft tot doel de mogelijkheden na te gaan voor de identificatie van dierlijke vetten in rauwe vleesprodukten
    Onderzoek naar enkele in amylalcohol voorkomende verontreinigingen, die het bij de Gerber-bepaling waargenomen vetgehalte verhogen
    Korbee, H.J. ; Bruchem, G.D. van; Polanen, A. van; Kamp, H.J. van der; Oortwijn, H. ; Veen, N.G. van der - \ 1985
    Wageningen : RIKILT (Rapport / RIKILT 85.05) - 5
    dierlijke producten - vet - melk testen - amylalcohol - besmetters - vetgehalte - animal products - fat - milk testing - amyl alcohol - contaminants - fat content
    Doel van dit onderzoek is: het formuleren van aanvullende eisen voor amylalcohol te gebruiken bij de Gerber-bepaling, ter voorkoming van het met dat gebruiksdoel in de handel raken van amylalcohol, die het waargenomen vetgehalte verhoogt. Tevens zal een analysemethode worden aangegeven om te controleren of aan deze eisen wordt voldaan.
    Onderzoek en analysemethoden voor het aantonen van gefraktioneerd botervet
    Kamp, H.J. van der; Muuse, B.G. - \ 1983
    Wageningen : RIKILT (Verslag / RIKILT 83.59) - 8
    boter - vet - vetzuren - cholesterol - triacylglycerolen - analytische methoden - analytische scheikunde - butter - fat - fatty acids - cholesterol - triacylglycerols - analytical methods - analytical chemistry
    Doel van dit onderzoek is: Ontwikkeling van een methode voor het aantonen van gefraktioneerd botervet. Voor het aantonen van gefraktioneerd botervet zijn de analysen van de vetzuursamenstelling, vetzuren in 2 positie, cholesterolgehalte en triglyceridesamenstelling onvoldoende. Een meer betrouwbare detektiemethode werd ontwikkeld, gebaseerd op de kristallisatie van vnl. de verzadigde hogere triglyceriden in hexaan bij 12,5°C. Normaal botervet geeft daarbij geen kristallisatie terwijl gefraktioneerd botervet tot 15% kristalmassa oplevert. Indien meer dan 0,5% kristallen worden gevonden dan is de aanwezigheid van gefraktioneerd botervet duidelijk aangetoond. Met in principe dezelfde methode is aantonen van de zachte fraktie mogelijk.
    Bepaling van het gehalte aan fytosterolen in botervet
    Kamp, H.J. van der; Muuse, B.G. - \ 1982
    Wageningen : RIKILT (Verslag / RIKILT 82.85) - 10
    sterolen - tracers - tracer technieken - vet - boter - analytische methoden - gaschromatografie - sterols - tracers - tracer techniques - fat - butter - analytical methods - gas chromatography
    Verbetering van de analysemethodiek voor de bepaling van het gehalte aan steroltracers in EEG boter. Aan een botervet werd een bekende hoeveelheid stigma- respectievelijk sitosterol toegevoegd overeenkomstig de EEG-regeling. De zuiverheid van deze tracers werd gaschromatografisch vastgesteld via een interne standaard. Uit het monster botervet en de monsters botervet met toevoegingen werden volgens de huidige methode de sterolen geisoleerd door ze neer te slaan met digitonine (volgens NEN 6350). Om te onderzoeken of alle sterolen neergeslagen werden, werd uit het filtraat het onverzeepbare deel geextraheerd en onderzocht op sterolen (enzymatisch) en sterolsamenstelling. De sterolsamenstellingen werden vastgesteld, middels capillaire gaschromatografie. Daar vooral de stigmasterol tracer niet teruggevonden werd en bovendien een grote spreiding in de analyse gevonden werd, mede veroorzaakt door discriminatie van stigmasterol t.o.v. cholesterol bij het neerslaan met digitonine, werd besloten de sterolsamenstelling te bepalen via het onverzeepbare deel al dan niet na dunnelaagscheiding. Tenslotte is de spreiding van de gaschromatografische analyse onderzocht. Met massaspectrometrie werd de structuur bepaald van de component die met capillair GC naast B-sitosterol werd gevonden.
    Het bepalen van het gehalte aan polychloorbifenylen in vetbiopten afkomstig uit menselijk weefsel
    Driessen, J.J.M. ; Traag, W.A. ; Tuinstra, L.G.M.Th. - \ 1982
    Wageningen : RIKILT (Verslag / RIKILT 82.94) - 6
    lichaamsvet - vet - polychloorbifenylen - besmetting - monsters - biopsie - body fat - fat - polychlorinated biphenyls - contamination - samples - biopsy
    Inventariserend onderzoek naar het voorkomen, zowel kwalitatief als kwantitatief, van polychloorbifenylen in vetbiopten. De vetbiopten zijn genomen bij studenten van de vakgroep voeding van de Landbouwhogeschool te Wageningen. In het kader van een samenwerkingsverband tussen het RIKILT en de LH te Wageningen zijn een aantal monsters menselijk weefsel onderzocht op het voorkomen van polychloorbifenylen. Een en ander is uitgevoerd teneinde inzicht te krijgen in de besmetting van menselijk vet met individuele polychloorbifenylen zowel qua identiteit als qua kwantiteit.
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