Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Indirect benefits of infrastructure improvement in the case of an imperfect labor market
    Xueqin Zhu, Xueqin ; Ommeren, Jos van; Rietveld, P. - \ 2009
    Transportation Research. Part B, Methodological 43 (2009)1. - ISSN 0191-2615 - p. 57 - 72.
    unemployment benefits - equilibrium - agglomeration - models - wages
    We perform a welfare analysis of transport infrastructure improvements in the presence of an imperfect labor market, allowing for endogenous wages and involuntary unemployment. Efficiency wage setting is incorporated in a spatial two-region general equilibrium model, written as a welfare program. In our model, firms set wages above the market clearing level to create an inducement for employees not to shirk. The economy-wide effect (i.e. social welfare or total welfare) consists of the direct effect in transport market and the indirect effect in other markets. We conduct welfare analyses different from the conventional cost-benefit analysis, in which we distinguish between the direct welfare effect based on consumer surplus in the transport market and the indirect welfare effect through changes in regional unemployment, which is captured in the economy-wide effect. In our model, infrastructure improvement may increase unemployment in one region, but overall unemployment levels fall. The indirect welfare effects through decreases in overall unemployment are about 10-20% of the direct welfare effects for most plausible labor market parameters. The indirect welfare effects are larger, the poorer the initial transport infrastructure and the larger the labor market imperfections
    The effects of privatization on wages and job satisfaction: the case of Ghana
    Asiedu, K.F. - \ 2002
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): H. Folmer; W.J.M. Heijman. - S.l. : S.n. - ISBN 9789058087577 - 222
    lonen - Ghana - arbeidsvoldoening - Afrika - overheidsbedrijven - genationaliseerde bedrijven - privatisering - wages - Ghana - work satisfaction - Africa - public enterprises - nationalized enterprises - privatization

    Key words : privatization, wages, job satisfaction, state owned enterprise, Ghana, Africa

    In this thesis, we examine the impact of privatization on wages and job satisfaction in selected urban-based enterprises in Ghana.The fear and anxiety of workers in state-owned enterprises and recent developments in the corporate world have necessitated the need to examine wages and job satisfaction of workers in various enterprises closely. Decades of economic mismanagement and bad policies in Ghana, beginning in the 1970s led to a steady deterioration of the economy, with the situation reaching a crisis point in the early 1980s. To address the deteriorating situation, policy reforms were initiated in the latter part of 1980s. The main instruments used for the public sector were liberalization of the economy and privatization of state-owned enterprises.

    Most studies of privatization in Ghana put relatively little emphasis on the labor market. We argue that privatization changes the objectives of a firm from objectives formulated by the state to more narrow, profit oriented ones. We also show that the impact of privatization on wages and job satisfaction is theoretically ambiguous. If the state puts relatively little weight on profit maximization but focuses on welfare instead, wages and satisfaction levels may be higher. If transfer payments in the form of subsidies from the government to state-owned enterprises (SOEs) are high, SOEs can afford to pay higher wages and provide better work conditions than privatized enterprises (PEs).

    Using data from 300 workers selected from 6 SOEs and 7 PEs, we find that PEs pay higher wages than SOEs. In terms of partial satisfaction levels (work safety, job security and training opportunities), work safety is found not to have improved with privatization. The effects of privatization in Ghana are such that a number of enterprises that have survived have done so by restructuring to reduce cost and to be competitive thus affecting investment in work place safety. Compared with PEs, work safety is perceived as better in SOEs. Job security is found to increase with privatization. In PEs, workers report to be more secure with their jobs than those in SOEs. A possible explanation could be the basic problem in SOEs, where too many workers, especially administrative and clerical level staff are employed. Consequently, the transition from an SOE to a PE is seen as a threat to job security. The results also show that both general and specific training opportunities have not improved with privatization. SOEs offer more training, especially general training than PEs.

    The hypothesis that there is a discernible increase in overall job satisfaction as a result of privatization cannot be confirmed by our study. The effect of privatization on overall job satisfaction could be due to a mix of positive and negative influences mentioned above, which together lead to statistically insignificant impacts at all degrees of privatization. Thus, our study finds no direct relationship between privatization and overall job satisfaction.

    Economic analysis and policy implications of farm and off-farm employment : a case study in the Tigray region of Northern Ethiopia
    Woldehanna, T. - \ 2000
    Agricultural University. Promotor(en): A.J. Oskam; C.P.J. Burger. - S.l. : S.n. - 277
    werkgelegenheid buiten het landbouwbedrijf - arbeidsmarkt - lonen - gezinsinkomen - landbouwondernemingen - landbouwproductie - Ethiopië - off-farm employment - labour market - wages - household income - farm enterprises - agricultural production - Ethiopia

    The central item of this research is the impact of off-farm employment and income on farm households and agricultural production. The interaction between farm and non-farm activities, the adjustment of labor demand and supply, the performance of the labor market, and wage determination are analysed using a farm household model with liquidity constraints. The analysis provides a new insight into the role of off-farm income in risky and less dynamic agriculture (as opposed to dynamic and less risky agriculture).

    The study shows that off-farm income can be complementary to farm income if farm households are constrained in their borrowing. Imposing liquidity constraints into the standard farm household model proves this theoretically. This is tested empirically using farm household survey data collected from Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Farm households with more diversified sources of income have a higher agricultural productivity. Expenditure on farm input is dependent not only on agricultural production, but also on off-farm income because of capital market imperfections (borrowing constraints). Farmers involved in better paying off-farm activities such as masonry, carpentry and trading are in a better position to hire farm labor.

    The wage rates for off-farm work vary across agricultural seasons and skill requirements. Hence, wage rates respond to forces of demand and supply. Increased expenditure on variable farm inputs is found to increase the demand for and supply of farm labor. The farm households have an upward sloping off-farm labor supply, but the supply of off-farm labor is wage inelastic. Due to entry barriers, relatively wealthy farm households dominate the most lucrative rural non-farm activities such as masonry, carpentry and petty trade.

    Although the study focuses on Northern Ethiopia, most conclusions can have a wider application in the other parts of the country and in many of the Sub-Saharan African countries where agriculture is not dynamic and the capital market is highly imperfect.

    Financieel beheer van tweeverdieners
    Ophem, J.A.C. van; Berg, A. van den - \ 1987
    Tijdschrift voor huishoudkunde 8 (1987)3. - ISSN 0169-1295 - p. 68 - 75.
    budgetten - samenstelling - uitgaven voor consumptie - consumptie - gezinnen - huishoudelijke consumptie - huishouduitgaven - huishoudens - inkomen - salarissen - structuur - lonen - financieel beheer - budgets - composition - consumer expenditure - consumption - families - household consumption - household expenditure - households - income - salaries - structure - wages - financial management
    Huishoudelijke arbeid, emancipatie en ruimtelijke ordening.
    Dam, J.M. van - \ 1986
    Tijdschrift voor huishoudkunde 7 (1986)3. - ISSN 0169-1295 - p. 79 - 84.
    werkgelegenheid - huishoudkunde - arbeid (werk) - arbeidseconomie - werkorganisatie - ruimtelijke ordening - planning - vrijwilligers - lonen - vrouwen - werk - arbeidskunde - werkuren - vrouwenemancipatie - gelijke behandeling van de vrouw - feminisme - betaald werk - onbetaald werk - employment - home economics - labour - labour economics - organization of work - physical planning - planning - volunteers - wages - women - work - work study - working hours - emancipation of women - female equality - feminism - paid work - unpaid work
    Gevolgen van de herverdeling van betaalde en onbetaalde arbeid over mannen en vrouwen op de ruimtelijke ordening
    Tijdsbesteding en de arbeid in de huishoudelijke sector
    Boelmans-Kleinjan, A.C. - \ 1984
    In: NITHOO : nieuwe inventarisatie toegepaste huishoudwetenschappen, onderzoek en onderwijs / van Leeuwen, H., Ruiter, C., Guenther, H., Den Haag : NITHOO-VUGA - p. A21 - 8.
    budgetten - arbeidsverdeling - werkgelegenheid - huishoudkunde - arbeid (werk) - arbeidseconomie - recreatieonderzoek - werkorganisatie - recreatie - onderzoek - tijd - vrijwilligers - lonen - werk - arbeidskunde - werkuren - betaald werk - onbetaald werk - budgets - division of labour - employment - home economics - labour - labour economics - leisure research - organization of work - recreation - research - time - volunteers - wages - work - work study - working hours - paid work - unpaid work
    Definitie van huishoudelijke arbeid en verdeling van huishoudelijke arbeid tussen mannen en vrouwen
    Kongres 'herverdeling van de betaalde en onbetaalde arbeid'
    Zuidberg, A.C.L. - \ 1983
    Vakblad voor Huishoudkunde 4 (1983). - p. 124 - 125.
    arbeidsverdeling - werkende vrouwen - werkgelegenheid - vrijwilligers - lonen - vrouwen - vrouwelijke werknemers - werkuren - betaald werk - onbetaald werk - division of labour - employed women - employment - volunteers - wages - women - women workers - working hours - paid work - unpaid work
    De invloed van de aanwezigheid van een dan wel twee inkomen ontvangende partners op de inkomens- en consumptieverdeling: een voortgangsrapport
    Harn, M.J. van; Ophem, J.A.C. van; Presvelou, C. - \ 1982
    Wageningen : L.H. - 73
    budgetten - uitgaven voor consumptie - consumptie - economie - huishoudelijke consumptie - huishouduitgaven - huishoudens - inkomen - nederland - salarissen - lonen - burgerlijke staat - financieel beheer - budgets - consumer expenditure - consumption - economics - household consumption - household expenditure - households - income - netherlands - salaries - wages - civil status - financial management
    Vermogensvorming door jonge landbouwers voor en tijdens de bedrijfsoverneming : een onderzoek in de provincies Friesland, Gelderland en Noord-Brabant
    Biemans, J.M. ; Dekker, K.M. - \ 1972
    Den Haag : [s.n.] (Streekonderzoek / LEI afd. 2, no. 42) - 45
    agrarische bedrijfsvoering - salarissen - lonen - economie - financiën - landbouw - nederland - farm management - salaries - wages - economics - finance - agriculture - netherlands
    Onderzoek naar de verandering van het loonpeil in den Nederlandschen landbouw in het tijdvak van 1939 tot en met 1943
    Anonymous, - \ 1943
    's-Gravenhage : Landbouw-Economisch Instituut (Rapport / Landbouw-Economisch Instituut no. 30) - 76
    landbouw als bedrijfstak - arbeidskrachten in de landbouw - arbeidscontracten - loonafspraken - lonen - agriculture as branch of economy - agricultural manpower - labour contracts - wage agreements - wages
    Het doel van het onderzoek was het verkrijgen van een zoo nauwkeurig mogelijk beeld van de veranderingen van het loonpeil in den Nederlandschen landbouw in het tijdvak van 1939 tot en met 1943, voorzoover deze wijzigingen tot uiting zijn gekomen in de tijdloonbepalingen van de collectieve arbeidsovereenkomsten, de arbitrale uitspraken en de loonregelingen, vastgesteld door het College van Rijksbemidelaars en de gemachtigde voor den arbeid.
    Vergelijking van de landelijke regeling van loonen en andere arbeidsvoorwaarden in den landbouw voor 1943, gepubliceerd in de Staatscourant van 1 april 1943 met de regeling, gepubliceerd in de Staatscourant van 1 September 1942
    Anonymous, - \ 1943
    's-Gravenhage : LEI (Rapport / Landbouw-Economisch Instituut no. 25) - 4
    lonen - arbeidsomstandigheden - landbouw - nederland - wages - working conditions - agriculture - netherlands
    Vergelijking van de landelijke regeling van lonen en andere arbeidsvoorwaarden in de landbouw.
    Onderzoek naar de verandering van het loonpeil in den landbouw in verband met de nieuwe loonregeling van 1 september 1942
    Anonymous, - \ 1942
    's-Gravenhage : Landbouw-Economisch Instituut (Rapport / Landbouw-Economisch Instituut no. 21)
    arbeidskosten - lonen - landarbeiders - loonafspraken - nederland - labour costs - wages - farm workers - wage agreements - netherlands
    Gepoogd is een antwoord te vinden op de volgende vraag: hoe verhouden zich voor de boer de gemiddelde kosten per gewerkt arbeidsuur a. over een heel jaar, of tevens b. over een zomerhalfjaar, onder de oude regeling uit 1941 en onder de nieuwe regeling, zoals gepubliceerd in de Staatscourant van 1 september 1942, in de belangrijkste gebieden?
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