Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

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De variatie aan insecten in laagveenmoerassen : Het spectrum aan soortgroepen in verschillende habitattypen in Nederlandse laagveenmoerassen
Stam, Jeltje M. ; Kleijn, Davis ; Beest, Dennis te; Ozinga, Wim A. ; Schmidt, Anne M. ; Noordam, A.P. ; Burgers, J. ; Kats, R.J.M. van; Aukema, B. ; Lammertsma, D.R. ; Siepel, H. - \ 2019
Wageningen : Wageningen Environmental Research (Wageningen Environmental Research rapport 2961) - 41
Recently, the alarming decrease of insect populations has received much attention, especially since the publication of a German study that showed strong decline of insects in nature reserves. Similar declines may be expected in the Netherlands, but many knowledge gaps exist about what we already know about the current situation and what influences the species composition of insects. This report aims to use information from an existing dataset to explore the species composition of insects in Dutch peat marchlands. The influence of habitat types and other environmental factors such as land use on the species composition was analyzed. Furthermore, the three different trapping methods used in this study were evaluated. This report thereby contributes to filling some of the existing knowledge gaps about Dutch insect populations and provides a number of recommendations for future monitoring of insects.
Heteroptera - wantsen In: Entomofauna van de noorderlijke Achterhoek. Verslag van de 163e zomerbijeenkomst te Vorden (ed Cuppen & Drost)
Cuppen, J.G.M. ; Aukema, B. ; Heijerman, Th. ; Chen, P.P. ; Nieser, N. ; Jansen, R.P. - \ 2009
Entomologische Berichten 69 (2009)5. - ISSN 0013-8827 - p. 175 - 176.
De nomenclatuur en volgorde van de soorten zijn gebaseerd op de vijf delen van de ‘Catalogue of the Heteroptera of the Palaearctic Region’ (Aukema & Rieger 1995, 1996, 1999, 2001, 2006). Voor nieuwe waarnemingen van wantsen uit de provincie Gelderland werden het overzicht in Aukema (1989) en de eerste twee delen van de ‘Verspreidingsatlas van de Nederlandse wantsen’ (Aukema et al. 2002; Aukema & Hermes 2006) geraadpleegd. Hieruit is gebleken dat slechts Psallus montanus Josifov niet in deze werken werd genoemd. Deze soort werd echter onlangs als nieuw voor Nederland gemeld door Aukema (2008) met daarbij diverse, ook oude waarnemingen uit de provincie Gelderland. Derhalve kunnen hier geen nieuwe soorten wantsen aan de lijst aan deze provincie worden toegevoegd. Het merendeel van de terrestrische wantsen werd gedetermineerd door Berend Aukema die helaas de zomerbijeenkomst niet kon bijwonen.
Predicting the potential geographical distribution of the harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis, using the CLIMEX model - BioControl
Poutsma, J. ; Loomans, A. ; Aukema, B. ; Heijerman, Th. - \ 2008
BioControl 53 (2008)1. - ISSN 1386-6141 - p. 103 - 125.
pallas coleoptera - biological-control - united-states - 2 phenotypes - life table - coccinellidae - beetle - establishment - temperature - invasion
Harmonia axyridis (Pallas, 1773) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is a ladybird beetle native to temperate and subtropical parts of Asia. Since 1916 populations of this species have been introduced throughout the world, either deliberately, or by accident through international transport. Harmonia axyridis was originally released as a classical biological control agent of aphid and coccid pests in orchards and forests, but since 1994 it is also available as a commercial product for augmentative control in field and greenhouse crops. It is a very voracious and effective natural enemy of aphids, psyllids and coccids in various agricultural and horticultural habitats and forests. During the past 20 years, however, it has successfully invaded non-target habitats in North America (since 1988), Europe (1999) and South America (2001) respectively in a short period of time, attacking a wide range of non-pest species in different insect orders. Becoming part of the agricultural commercial pathway, it is prone to being introduced into large areas across the world by accident. We use the CLIMEX programme (v2) to predict the potential geographical distribution of H. axyridis by means of matching the climate of its region of origin with other regions in the world and taking in account biological characteristics of the species. Establishment and spread seem likely in many regions across the world, including those areas which H. axyridis has already invaded (temperate Europe, North America). Based on the CLIMEX prediction a large part of Mediterranean Europe, South America, Africa, Australia and New Zealand seem highly suitable for long-term survival of H. axyridis as well. In addition we evaluate CLIMEX as a strategic tool for estimating establishment potential as part of an environmental risk assessment procedure for biological control agents we discuss biological and ecological aspects necessary to fine-tune its establishment and spread in areas after it has been introduced
Heteroptera - Wantsen In: Entomofauna van de De Kempen, Noord-Brabant. Verslag van de 161 zomerbijeenkomst te Baarschot (ed. Cuppen & Drost)
Cuppen, J.G.M. ; Aukema, B. ; Heijerman, Th. - \ 2007
Entomologische Berichten 67 (2007). - ISSN 0013-8827 - p. 125 - 127.
De wantsen van de Bemelerberg
Bos, F.G. ; Aukema, B. ; Heijerman, Th. - \ 2005
Natuurhistorisch Maandblad 64 (2005)1. - ISSN 0028-1107 - p. 7 - 9.
heteroptera - inventarisaties - natuurreservaten - zuid-limburg - inventories - nature reserves
Bespreking van een inventarisatie in 2003 en een vergelijking van de resultaten met eerdere jaren. Op grond hiervan is bekeken wat er is veranderd en of het huidige beheer van dit natuurreservaat kan worden verbeterd
Quantifying the impact of environmental factors on arthropod communities in agricultural landscapes across organizational levels and spatial scales
Schweiger, O. ; Maelfait, J.P. ; Wingerden, W.K.R.E. van; Hendrickx, F. ; Billeter, R. ; Speelmans, M. ; Augenstein, I. ; Aukema, B. ; Aviron, S. ; Bailey, D. ; Bukacek, R. ; Burel, F. ; Diekötter, T. ; Dirksen, J. ; Frenzel, M. ; Herzog, F. ; Liira, J. ; Roubalova, M. ; Bugter, R.J.F. - \ 2005
Journal of Applied Ecology 42 (2005)6. - ISSN 0021-8901 - p. 1129 - 1139.
species richness - habitat fragmentation - biodiversity evaluation - biological-control - natural enemies - ecology - diversity - intensification - context - distributions
1. In landscapes influenced by anthropogenic activities, such as intensive agriculture, knowledge of the relative importance and interaction of environmental factors on the composition and function of local communities across a range of spatial scales is important for maintaining biodiversity. 2. We analysed five arthropod taxa covering a broad range of functional aspects (wild bees, true bugs, carabid beetles, hoverflies and spiders) in 24 landscapes (4 x 4 km) across seven European countries along gradients of both land-use intensity and landscape structure. Species-environment relationships were examined in a hierarchical design of four main sets of environmental factors (country, land-use intensity, landscape structure, local habitat properties) that covered three spatial scales (region, landscape, local) by means of hierarchical variability partitioning using partial canonical correspondence analyses. 3. Local community composition and the distribution of body size classes and trophic guilds were most affected by regional processes, which highly confounded landscape and local factors. After correcting for regional effects, factors at the landscape scale dominated over local habitat factors. Land-use intensity explained most of the variability in species data, whereas landscape characteristics (especially connectivity) accounted for most of the variability in body size and trophic guilds. 4. Synthesis and applications. Our results suggest that management effort should be focused on land-use intensity and habitat connectivity in order to enhance diversity in agricultural landscapes. Since these factors are largely independent, specific conservation programmes may be developed with regards to socio-economic and agri-environmental requirements. Changes in either of these factors will enhance diversity but will also result in specific effects on local communities related to dispersal ability and the resource use of species.
Biodiversiteit in het agrarisch landschap : manipulatie van populaties nuttige insecten
Jagers op Akkerhuis, G.A.J.M. ; Moraal, L.G. ; Burgers, J. ; Kats, R.J.M. van; Lammertsma, D.R. ; Dimmers, W.J. ; Noordam, A. ; Aukema, B. ; Bianchi, F.J.J.A. ; Wingerden, W.K.R.E. van - \ 2004
Ekoland 24 (2004)6. - ISSN 0926-9142 - p. 20 - 22.
natuurbescherming - populatiedichtheid - gewasbescherming - plagenbestrijding - soortendiversiteit - bestuivers (dieren) - natuurlijke vijanden - predatoren van schadelijke insecten - insectenbestrijding - landschapsecologie - natuur - agrobiodiversiteit - nature conservation - population density - plant protection - pest control - species diversity - pollinators - natural enemies - predators of insect pests - insect control - landscape ecology - nature - agro-biodiversity
Groene dooradering van het agrarisch landschap kan een positieve bijdrage leveren aan de regulatie van plagen in de akkerbouw en vollegrondsgroenteteelt. Alterra heeft in twee verschillende regio's met zandgronden (Twente-Achterhoek en Noord-Brabant) onderzoek gedaan naar het voorkomen van plaagbestrijdende en bloembestuivende insecten en de biodiversiteit in vier verschillende adertypen: greppels, bermen, houtwallen en bos(randen). Per regio werd het onderzoek uitgevoerd in een kleinschalig agrarisch landschap met veel houtwallen en bos, een gemiddeld en een grootschalig, bos- en houtwalarm landschap. Bij de plaagbestrijdende insecten werd gekeken naar bodembewonende roofkevers, gewasbewonende roofkevers en spinnen. Uit het onderzoek blijkt dat belangrijke groepen nuttige insecten significante relaties vertonen met bepaalde aders. Dit biedt kansen om via specifieke beheersmaatregelen de populaties nuttige insecten te manipuleren. Meer onderzoek is nodig
Ongewervelde fauna van ontkleide uiterwaarden; eindrapport
Faber, J.H. ; Jagers op Akkerhuis, G.A.J.M. ; Burgers, J. ; Aukema, B. ; Kats, R.J.M. van; Martakis, G.F.P. ; Lammertsma, D.R. ; Noordam, A.P. - \ 2002
Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 372) - 122
ongewervelde dieren - natuurbescherming - wetlands - klei - afgegraven land - ecologie - fauna - grondwaterspiegel - nederland - natuurtechniek - uiterwaarden - evertebraten - inundatie - invertebraten - natuurontwikkeling - rivierengebied - Gelderland - Druten - Ophemert - Waal - invertebrates - nature conservation - clay - mined land - ecology - water table - netherlands - ecological engineering - river forelands - monitoring
Na herinrichting van enkele uiterwaarden langs de Waal werden natuurwaarden en ecologische ontwikkeling in beeld gebracht door monitoring van ongewervelde dieren. Het onderzoek was vooral gericht op het vaststellen van ontwikkelingen in de soortenrijkdom na ontkleien. De nieuwe biotopen werden snel ingenomen door een steeds groeiend aantal soorten, waarbij verschillende gemeenschappen konden worden gekarakteriseerd. De fauna van vochtige, open oevers en droge, zandige plaatsen kende veel pionierssoorten, waaronder diverse met hoge natuurwaarde. Vooral onder spinnen, kevers en wespen werden zeldzame en bedreigde soorten aangetroffen. Zonder gericht beheer nemen de pioniermilieus in betekenis af na de vier eerste jaren. Al dan niet reliëfvolgend ontkleien heeft in deze beginperiode niet tot differentiatie geleid.
Ongewervelde fauna van ontkleide uiterwaarden : monitoringsverslag 2000
Faber, J.H. ; Burgers, J. ; Aukema, B. ; Bodt, J.M. ; Kats, R.J.M. van; Lammertsma, D.R. ; Noordam, A.P. - \ 2001
Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 287) - 58
natuurbescherming - ongewervelde dieren - wetlands - fauna - klei - monitoring - nederland - natuurtechniek - uiterwaarden - nature conservation - invertebrates - clay - netherlands - ecological engineering - river forelands
Na herinrichting van enkele uiterwaarden langs de Waal werden natuurwaarden en ecologische ontwikkeling in beeld gebracht door monitoring van ongewervelde dieren. Het onderzoek was gericht op het vaststellen van ontwikkelingen in de soortenrijkdom na ontkleiing. Ook werd het belang van evertebraten voor foeragerende vogels en zoogdieren bestudeerd. In de eerste jaren na ontkleiing werden nieuwe biotopen ingenomen door een groeiend aantal soorten. De fauna van vochtige, open oevers en droge, zandige plaatsen kende veel pionierssoorten, waaronder diverse met hoge natuurwaarde. Vooral onder spinnen, kevers en wespen werden zeldzame en bedreigde soorten aangetroffen. Zonder gericht beheer nemen de pioniermilieus in betekenis af na de vier eerste jaren. Al-dan-niet reliëfvolgend ontkleien heeft in deze beginperiode niet tot differentiatie geleid.
Ongewervelde fauna van ontkleide uiterwaarden; monitoringsverslag 1999
Faber, J.H. ; Burgers, J. ; Aukema, B. ; Bodt, J.M. ; Kats, R.J.M. van; Lammertsma, D.R. ; Noordam, A.P. - \ 2000
Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 39) - 69
uiterwaarden - klei - afgegraven land - fauna - habitats - inventarisaties - land van maas en waal - river forelands - clay - mined land - inventories
Na herinrichting van enkele uiterwaarden langs de Waal werden natuurwaarden en ecologische ontwikkeling in beeld gebracht door monitoring van ongewervelde dieren. Het onderzoek was gericht op het vaststellen van ontwikkelingen in de soortenrijkdom na ontkleiing. Het gebied van de Afferdensche en Desstsche Waarden zijn daartoie bekeken, evenals de Stiftsche UITERWAARDEN
Ongewervelde fauna van ontkleide uiterwaarden
Faber, J.H. ; Kats, R.J.M. van; Aukema, B. ; Bodt, J. ; Burgers, J. ; Lammertsma, D.R. ; Noordam, A.P. - \ 1999
Wageningen : IBN-DLO, Instituut voor Bos- en Natuuronderzoek - 48
natuurbescherming - ongewervelde dieren - wetlands - fauna - grondwaterspiegel - klei - afgegraven land - ecologie - nederland - natuurtechniek - uiterwaarden - nature conservation - invertebrates - water table - clay - mined land - ecology - netherlands - ecological engineering - river forelands
Heteroptera - wantsen
Aukema, B. ; Cuppen, J.G.M. ; Hermes, D.J. - \ 1999
Entomologische Berichten 59 (1999). - ISSN 0013-8827 - p. 19 - 21.
Heteroptera-wantsen.
Aukema, B. ; Cuppen, J.G.M. ; Hermes, D.J. - \ 1998
In: Verslag van de 152e Zomervergadering van de Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging, Ommen, The Netherlands. Entomologische Berichten Amsterdam 59 (1998) xiii-xiv
Heteroptera - wantsen.
Aukema, B. ; Cuppen, J.G.M. ; Hermes, D. - \ 1997
Entomologische Berichten 57 (1997). - ISSN 0013-8827 - p. xiv - xvii.
Heteroptera - wantsen.
Aukema, B. ; Cuppen, J.G.M. ; Hermes, D. - \ 1996
Entomologische Berichten 56 (1996). - ISSN 0013-8827 - p. xi - xii.
Nieuwe wantsen voor Schiermonnikoog (Heteroptera).
Aukema, B. ; Cuppen, J.G.M. - \ 1996
Entomologische Berichten 56 (1996). - ISSN 0013-8827 - p. 131 - 133.
Wing dimorphism and development in Pterostichus melanarius (Coleoptera, Carabidae).
Aukema, B. ; Spee, A.J. ; Dijk, Th.S. van - \ 1996
Entomologische Berichten 56 (1996). - ISSN 0013-8827 - p. 93 - 100.
Flying for life : wing dimorphism in closely related species of the genus Calathus (Coleoptera: Carabidae)
Aukema, B. - \ 1995
Agricultural University. Promotor(en): J.C. van Lenteren; P.J. den Boer. - S.l. : Aukema - ISBN 9789054854074 - 168
carabidae - ongewervelde dieren - vleugels - polymorfisme - carabidae - invertebrates - wings - polymorphism

Factors governing wing dimorphism in ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) of the Calathus melanocephalus complex have been studied in relation to dispersal by flight. In Western Europe this complex consists of three well-defined species, as was shown by cross-breeding experiments and morphological studies: Calathus cinctus Motschulsky (= C. erythroderus Gemminger & Harold), Calathus melanocephalus (Linnaeus) and Calathus mollis (Marsham). The synonymy of Calathus erythroderus with C.cinctus was established. To stabilize the nomenclature of the species involved lectotypes were designated for Carabus melanocephalus Linnaeus and Carabus mollis Marsham. Action undertaken to conserve the specific name of Carabus mollis Marsham was approved by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. Data on morphology, life history and distribution of the three species involved were listed and an identification key is included.

Calathus cinctus and C. melanocephalus are wing-dimorphic with either strongly reduced wings (short winged or brachypterous) or fully developed wings (long winged or macropterous), whereas C . mollis is always macropterous. Long winged beetles are considered potential flyers, representing the dispersal morph of these species. Populations of C. cinctus and C. melanocephalus showed different proportions of long winged beetles.

Wing dimorphism in Calathus cinctus and C . melanocephalus was found to be genetically determined and to be inherited in a simple Mendelian fashion with brachyptery dominant to macroptery. In C.cinctus the long winged genotype is always expressed, whereas in C . melanocephalus the expression of the long winged genotype is under environmental control. It was shown that at least temperature and food-supply affected the expression of the long winged genotype in C.melanocephalus: more favourable temperatures (i.e. relatively high temperatures) and a higher food-supply resulted in a higher number of long winged beetles compared with less favourable temperatures (i.e. both low and extremely high temperatures) and a lower food-supply.

Wing-morph frequencies in populations of wing-dimorphic species may also be affected by differences in fitness between short and long winged beetles. Fecundity (egg production and oviposition period), development time, and growth were studied in this respect.

In both Calathus cinctus and C.melanocephalus long winged females showed a significantly higher egg production than short winged females, and they also tended to produce eggs during a longer period. Considerable differences in fecundity were observed between the species: the highest egg production was found in Calathus cinctus, a species with a late start and a long oviposition period, and the lowest egg production was found in C . mollis, a species with an early start and a comparably long oviposition period. Calathus melanocephalus showed an egg production intermediate between those of C . cinctus and C.mollis, with an early start and a relatively short oviposition period.

In all three species development times were generally shorter at higher temperatures and longer at lower temperatures, but in both Calathus cinctus and C . melanocephalus a general relationship between temperature and development time was found neither for wing-morph nor for sex. Development time and growth of long winged genotypes of Calathus melanocephalus were strongly influenced by food- supply: with a higher food-supply shorter development times and higher hatching weights were found. Long winged beetles of both sexes developed faster and were heavier than short winged ones reared under similar conditions, and females weighed more than males.

Under laboratory conditions both long winged males and females of the three species studied built up functional flight muscles and were capable of flight. Flight activity in the field, however, was only observed in Calathus cinctus. Building up flight muscles, flight, and subsequent resorption of flight muscles only occurred in the pre- oviposition period, but mating and even ovarian development may occur during the flight period too.

The dispersal abilities of the three species studied are supposed to be different because there are large differences in flight potential between the species. In Calathus cinctus and C.melanocephalus only part of the individuals is long winged and has flight potential, whereas in Calathus mollis all individuals have this ability. Moreover, in Calathus cinctus the long winged genotype, and so the potential for flight, is always expressed, whereas in C . melanocephalus the expression of the long winged genotype depends on environmental conditions, such as temperature and food- supply, and therefore the flight potential for flight is partly expressed only.

Differences in flight potential were clearly associated with differences in life histories and habitat selection. Calathus cinctus occupies temporary habitats, showing a high potential for flight and a high turnover of populations, whereas C . melanocephalus occurs in less temporary habitats, showing a much lower potential for flight and a relatively low turnover of populations. Calathus mollis inhabits coastal dunes and blowing sands, showing a maximum potential for flight, obviously to keep pace with changes in this extreme environment.

The higher fecundity of long winged females, closely linked with larger body size and higher weight, is considered to benefit the colonization abilities of the species.

The wing-morph determination found in Calathus cinctus and C . melanocephalus fitted the current model, but a trade-off between flightlessness and fecundity was not found. Both flight capability and high fecundity are considered to represent closely linked characters of species adapted to unstable, temporary habitats.

Wing dimorphism is supposed to be maintained by a 'balance' between the loss of long winged genotypes by flight activities and the frequency of successful (re)colonizations. In Calathus cinctus both the loss of long winged genotypes and the colonization success is supposed to be high (a short term, opportunistic 'strategy'), whereas in C . melanocephalus both the loss of long winged genotypes and the colonization success is supposed to be low. However, in the latter species the maintenance of wing dimorphism is favoured by the environmental control of the expression of long winged genotypes (a long term, more ensuring 'strategy').

The evolutionary significance of wing dimorphism in carabid beetles (Coleoptera; Carabidae).
Aukema, B. - \ 1995
Researches on population ecology 37 (1995). - ISSN 0034-5466 - p. 105 - 110.
Heteroptera - wantsen.
Aukema, B. ; Cuppen, J.G.M. ; Hermes, D. - \ 1995
In: Verslag 149e zomervergadering Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging, P. Koomen (red.). 1994, Kreielt bij Wintelre. Entomologische Berichten, Amsterdam 55 (1995) xiii-xiv
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