Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Doelgericht kiezen van groenbemesters op kleigrond - Groenbemesterdag 2020
    Balen, Derk van; Molendijk, Leendert ; Haagsma, Wiepie - \ 2020
    'Betonnen' bovenlaag vraagt veel dieselolie
    Balen, Derk van; Ruiter, Harry de - \ 2020
    Groenbemester voorkomt laag beton
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2020
    Klimaatadaptatie in de open teelten : Inventarisatie van klimaattrends, risico’s en adaptatiemaatregelen voor boerenbedrijven inde open teelten
    Verstand, Daan ; Schaap, Ben ; Schoorlemmer, Herman ; Wolf, Pieter de; Balen, Derk van; Verhagen, Jan - \ 2020
    Wageningen : Stichting Wageningen Research, Wageningen Plant Research (WPR), Businessunits Open Teelten en Agrosysteemkunde (Rapport / Stichting Wageningen Research, Wageningen Plant Research (WPR), Businessunits Open Teelten en Agrosysteemkunde WPR 824) - 89
    Kosten en baten van beter bodembeheer
    Klompe, Koen ; Balen, Derk van; Wolf, Pieter de - \ 2020
    Klimaatadaptatie
    Balen, Derk van; Verstand, Daan - \ 2020
    Redesigning Long Term Systems Experiments in the Netherlands
    Haan, Janjo de; Apeldoorn, Dirk van; Wesselink, Marie ; Berg, Wim van den; Balen, Derk van; Sukkel, Wijnand - \ 2019
    Bodemindicatoren in BASIS : Identificatie van de belangrijkste biologische en chemische bodemparameters (“bodemindicatoren”) in het project BASIS over de periode 2009-2016
    Hoek, J. ; Balen, D. van; Haagsma, W. ; Berg, W. van den; Asperen, P. van; Sukkel, W. ; Haan, J. de; Bloem, J. - \ 2019
    Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research, Business unit Open Teelten (Rapport / Wageningen University & Research, Business unit Open Teeltenn WPR-798) - 56
    In deze studie is nagegaan welke gemeten chemische en biologische bodemparameters het beste onderscheid maken tussen de verschillende grondbewerkingssystemen en teeltsystemen in de systeemproef BASIS in Lelystad. Met variantieanalyse en multivariate statistische technieken zijn bodemparameters in BASIS geanalyseerd. Samenvattend blijkt potentieel mineraliseerbare stikstof (PMN) en de N-totaal de beste bodemindicatoren te zijn om verschillen tussen systemen van hoofdgrondbewerking (ploegen versus niet-kerende bewerkingen) en verschillen tussen teeltsystemen (biologisch versus gangbaar) weer te geven. Daarnaast zijn HWC, biomassa schimmels, biomassa bacteriën en borium- en magnesiumgehalte goede bodemindicatoren om deze verschillen te duiden. De correlatie tussen PMN en organische stof en de correlatie tussen HWC en organische stof blijkt goed te zijn. Vanwege de hoge correlatie tussen HWC en PMN en de hoge prijs van de PMN meting heeft HWC de voorkeur. Aanbevolen wordt de analyse te gebruiken in de ontwikkeling van de BLN en vergelijkbare analyses te doen voor andere maatregelen en andere systeemproeven.
    Typologie van boeren in Flevoland : Een verkenning van typen boeren die het anders willen
    Smit, A.B. ; Schoorlemmer, H.A.B. ; Balen, D.J.M. van; Janssens, S.R.M. ; Wolf, P.L. de - \ 2019
    Wageningen : Wageningen Economic Research (Wageningen Economic Research rapport 2019-106) - ISBN 9789463951395 - 25
    Agriculture in the province of Flevoland is very diverse in identity and presentation. The sector contains different ‘types’ of entrepreneurship besides different subsectors (field and vegetable farming, dairy farming, greenhouse horticulture, flower bulb growing, etc.). These types not only hold conventional, organic and biodynamic agriculture. There is also much variation within these three main stream types as to the motivation of farmers ‘to change’ and the direction in which they are moving. This report contains an inventory of such types and of the innovations that take place within those types.
    'Toekomst en techniek' in Lelystad
    Balen, Derk van; Veldhuisen, Bram - \ 2019
    A Late Glacial surface rupturing earthquake at the Peel Boundary fault zone, Roer Valley Rift System, the Netherlands
    Balen, R.T. van; Bakker, M.A.J. ; Kasse, C. ; Wallinga, J. ; Woolderink, H.A.G. - \ 2019
    Quaternary Science Reviews 218 (2019). - ISSN 0277-3791 - p. 254 - 266.
    Earthquake - Glacio-isostacy - Rupture length - Trench

    Paleoseismological trenching studies constrain recurrence times and magnitudes of faulting events and earthquakes on active faults. In a trench along the central part of the Peel Boundary fault zone (PBFZ), southeastern Netherlands, evidence was found for such a large faulting event that occurred around 14 ka. The event caused a fault scarp in unconsolidated sediments of ∼1 m height. A colluvial wedge was formed next to the scarp. A second faulting event offsets this colluvial wedge by 0.2–0.1 m. This event can be tentatively dated at ∼13 ka. During or immediately after the second event, a large clastic dyke intruded along the fault plane. The dyke is not faulted, but its emplacement did cause some minor thrust faulting around the injection. The sudden character of the main faulting event, the brittle deformation style of loam layers, the lack of growth faulting in the colluvial wedge, the clastic dykes and the flame structures demonstrate that the main faulting event was a surface rupturing earthquake. Based on the scarp height, the estimated moment magnitude is about 6.8 ± 0.3. Similar observations in a previous trench site suggest that the length of the surface rupture was at least 32 km. The earthquake took place during the Weichselian (Würmian) Late Glacial. This timing corresponds to the start of the glacio-isostatic forebulge collapse in the Netherlands. Glacio-isostatic movements have been invoked before to explain earthquake events in the Roer Valley Rift System in which the PBFZ is situated, and in northern Germany and Denmark. If these earthquakes can indeed be attributed to a collapsing forebulge, their ages should show a decrease in the direction of ice-sheet retreat. This might indeed be the case, as the ages decrease from 14 ka and 13 ka in this trench via 13–16 ka at the Osning Thrust Zone, NW Germany, to 12–14 ka in northern Denmark.

    Randeffecten in vaste rijpaden : Verschillen in opbrengsten tussen binnen- en buitenrijen aanleiding voor onderzoek
    Balen, D.J.M. van; Bastiaansen, Lucas ; Janmaat, Leen - \ 2019
    Ekoland 39 (2019)6. - ISSN 0926-9142 - p. 35 - 35.
    Ondiep ploegen
    Balen, Derk van; Kroonen-Backbier, Brigitte - \ 2019
    Goede bodemconditie is het beste wapen tegen weersextremen
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2019
    Ecoploeg in proef met gereduceerde grondbewerking
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2019
    Goede bodemconditie is het beste wapen tegen weersextremen
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2019
    Capaciteitsvraag drukt op de bodem
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2019
    'Droogte 2018 geeft mooie basis'
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2019
    Minder bewerken maakt bodem klimaatbestendig
    Balen, Derk van; Rijk, Joost - \ 2019
    High-resolution optical dating of Late Holocene storm surge deposits – a showcase from Schokland (Noordoostpolder, the Netherlands)
    Biggelaar, D.F.A.M. van den; Wallinga, J. ; Balen, R.T. van; Kasse, C. ; Troelstra, S. ; Kluiving, S.J. - \ 2019
    Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 44 (2019)4. - ISSN 0197-9337 - p. 886 - 899.
    Storm surges have a major impact on land use and human habitation in coastal regions. Our knowledge of this impact can be improved by correlating long-term historical storm records with sedimentary evidence of storm surges, but so far few studies have applied such an approach. Here we apply, for the first time, state-of-the-art optically stimulating luminescence (OSL) methods to obtain high-resolution age information on a sequence of Late Holocene storm surge deposits. By combining this chronological framework of storm surges with other reconstruction methods, we investigate the storm surge impact on the former island Schokland, located in a former inlet of the North Sea (central Netherlands). During the Late Holocene, Schokland transformed from a peat area that gradually inundated (~800 CE) via an island in a marginal marine environment (~1600 CE) to a land-locked island in the reclaimed Province of Flevoland (1942 CE). These transitions are recorded in the sediment archive of the island, consisting of silty clay with sandy intervals deposited during storm surges. A series of ten quartz OSL ages, obtained using best-practice methods to deal with incomplete resetting of the OSL signal and dose rate heterogeneity, reveal two periods of storm surge deposition, around 1600 CE and between 1742 and 1822 CE. Historical sources indicate that major storm surges hit Schokland during these periods. Laboratory analyses (thermogravimetry, grain-size, foraminifera, bivalves and ostracods) corroborates the existence of the two sets of storm surge deposits within the clay sequence. Our study sets a benchmark for obtaining robust depositional age constraints from storm surge sediments, and demonstrates the great potential of modern OSL methods to contribute to improved assessment of storm surge risk. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Lange termijn proeven: Bodemkwaliteit op zand, BASIS, Bodemkwaliteit Veenkoloniën en Bodemgezondheid
    Haan, J.J. de; Wesselink, M. ; Verstegen, H.A.G. ; Balen, D.J.M. van; Leeuwen-Haagsma, W.K. van; Asperen, P. van; Visser, J.H.M. - \ 2018
    Veldexperimenten uitgelicht : Niet-kerende grondbewerking goed voor de bodembiodiversiteit?
    Schouten, Ton ; Bloem, J. ; Goede, R.G.M. de; Eekeren, Nick van; Deru, Joachim ; Zanen, Marleen ; Sukkel, W. ; Balen, D.J.M. van; Korthals, G. ; Rutgers, Michiel - \ 2018
    Bodem (2018)3. - ISSN 0925-1650 - p. 20 - 23.
    En de boer hij ploegde voort. Algemeen wordt aangenomen dat ploegen
    noodzakelijk is om de bodem geschikt te maken voor een optimale
    gewasproductie. Maar ploegen versnelt de afbraak van organische stof
    en verandert het bodemleven. In deze bijdrage worden ervaringen met
    acht veldexperimenten gebruikt om effecten op biodiversiteit en gerelateerde
    bodemecosysteemdiensten in te schatten. Welke lessen kunnen
    we leren, en kan de landbouw ook zonder ploegen?
    Grasklaver in vaste bedden : Meer opbrengst en meer winst door vaste rijpaden bij teelt van grasklaver
    Balen, D.J.M. van - \ 2018
    Ekoland 38 (2018)5. - ISSN 0926-9142 - p. 10 - 11.
    Ecoploeg terug van weggeweest
    Balen, Derk van; Rijk, Joost - \ 2018
    Project teelt zonder mest zit zonder geld
    Balen, Derk van; Haan, Janjo de - \ 2018
    Haal meer uit vaste rijpaden
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2018
    Maak de bodem klimaatbestendig met NKG
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2018
    Workshop Smaragd : Dinsdagmiddag 14 november 2017 te Lelystad
    Schoorlemmer, H.B. ; Voort, M.P.J. van der; Kamp, J.A.L.M. ; Booij, J.A. ; Balen, D.J.M. van - \ 2017
    Lelystad : Wageningen University & Research, Open Teelten - 7 p.
    Gereduceerde grondbewerking, labiele organische stof en micro-organismen
    Bloem, J. ; Dimmers, W.J. ; Balen, D.J.M. van; Postma, J. - \ 2017
    Gewasbescherming 48 (2017)2/3. - ISSN 0166-6495 - p. 67 - 68.
    Gereduceerde grondbewerking heeft potentie! Tussenstand na 8 jaar onderzoek.
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2017
    Zorgen voor voedzaam ontbijt
    Balen, D.J.M. van - \ 2017
    Aardappelwereld 71 (2017)11. - ISSN 0169-653X - p. 9 - 9.
    Suikerbieten telen zonder ploegen kost geen opbrengst
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2017
    Suikerbieten telen zonder ploegen kan
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2017
    Invloed van vaste rijpaden op de bodem
    Balen, D.J.M. van - \ 2017
    BIOpraktijk
    landbouw - biologische landbouw - akkerbouw - grondbewerking - bodemdeeltjes - bodemverdichting - bodemsamenstelling - bodemstructuur - grondbewerking gericht op bodemconservering - bodemkwaliteit - rijspoorverdichtingen - verdichting - agriculture - organic farming - arable farming - tillage - aggregates - soil compaction - soil composition - soil structure - conservation tillage - soil quality - tractor pans - compaction
    Landbewerking: video over de invloed van vaste rijpaden op de bodem
    Effecten gereduceerde grondbewerking worden zichtbaar
    Balen, D.J.M. van; Rijk, Joost - \ 2017
    Gereduceerde grondbewerking
    Balen, Derk van; Rijk, Joost - \ 2017

    B

    Loont gereduceerde grondbewerking?
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2017
    Ploegen versus gereduceerd grondbewerken
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2017
    De effecten van gereduceerde grondbewerking : groenbemesters beschermen bodem in winter en verminderen onkruiddruk in groeiseizoen
    Balen, D.J.M. van; Leeuwen-Haagsma, W.K. van - \ 2017
    Ekoland 37 (2017)5. - ISSN 0926-9142 - p. 12 - 13.
    groenbemesters - biologische landbouw - bodemkwaliteit - bodem - bodembiologie - organische stof - gereduceerde grondbewerking - green manures - organic farming - soil quality - soil - soil biology - organic matter - reduced tillage
    Binnen de biologische landbouw was er altijd extra aandacht voor bodemkwaliteit. De bodem voedt de plant tenslotte. Intussen beginnen wat meer te leren over welke processen er zich in de bodem afspelen. En over de rol die planten spelen. Naast gewas- en rassenkeuze kunnen groenbemesters en mengsels van gewassen en groenbemesters een belangrijke rol spelen. Zo kan ook de plant de bodem voeden.
    Themadag beter bodembeheer - de diepte in!
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2017
    Rijpadenteelt - Verbeter de bodem: Rijdt alleen daar, waar het nodig is!/ presentatie
    Themadag beter bodembeheer - de diepte in!
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2017
    Gereduceerde grondbewerking heeft potentie! Tussenstand na 8 jaar onderzoek / presentatie
    Teeltrecepten voor nieuwe rassen
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2017
    'Vraag naar biologisch onderzoek groeit'
    Rijk, Joost ; Balen, Derk van - \ 2017
    Resultaat tot nu toe op biologisch proefveld: veelbelovende resistente tafelaardappelrassen
    Balen, D.J.M. van; Janmaat, L. - \ 2017
    Ekoland 37 (2017)1. - ISSN 0926-9142 - p. 17 - 17.
    biologische landbouw - aardappelen - rassen (planten) - consumptieaardappelen - rassenproeven - veldproeven - akkerbouw - organic farming - potatoes - varieties - table potatoes - variety trials - field tests - arable farming
    De biologische agf-keten heeft de ambitie om bio-aardappelen te produceren en het winkelschap te vullen met goede kwaliteit biologische consumptieaardappelen. Dat vergt de komende jaren de nodige inspanning. Kwekers werken aan verruiming van het assortiment resistente rassen. Telers zorgen voor goed resistentiemanagement. Winkels gaan het aanbod aanpassen en kiezen voor sterke rassen. Jaarlijks worden de aardappelrassen getest op vatbaarheid, productie en kwaliteit. De infectiedruk was afgelopen jaar hoog. Hoe hebben de rassen gepresteerd?
    Boer ploegt niet meer voor gezondere bodem
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2017
    Climate and base-level controlled fluvial system change and incision during the last glacial–interglacial transition, Roer river, the Netherlands – western Germany
    Kasse, C. ; Balen, R.T. Van; Bohncke, S.J.P. ; Wallinga, J. ; Vreugdenhil, M. - \ 2017
    Netherlands journal of geosciences 96 (2017)2. - ISSN 0016-7746 - p. 71 - 92.
    fluvial response - Late-glacial - meandering river - OSL dating - terraces - vegetation
    The fluvial development of the Roer river in the southeastern Netherlands and western Germany is presented for the Late Pleniglacial, Late-glacial and Early Holocene periods. Reconstruction of fluvial-style changes is based on geomorphological and sedimentological analysis. Time control comes from correlation to the pollen-based biochronostratigraphic framework of the Netherlands combined with independent optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) ages. At the Pleniglacial to Late-glacial transition a system and channel pattern change occurred from an aggrading braided to an incising meandering system. Rapid rates of meander migration, as established for the Late-glacial by optical dating, were likely related to the sandy nature of the substratum and the Late-glacial incision of the Meuse that resulted in a higher river gradient in the downstream part of the Roer. In the Roer valley the Younger Dryas cooling is not clearly reflected by a fluvial system response, but this may also be related to Holocene erosion of Younger Dryas fluvial forms. An important incision and terrace formation was established at the Younger Dryas to Early Holocene transition, probably related to forest recovery, reduced sediment supply and base-level lowering of the Meuse. The results of this study show a stepwise reduction in the number of channel courses from a multi-channel braided system in the Pleniglacial, to a double meander-belt system in the Late-glacial and a single-channel meandering system in the Early Holocene. The results show that the forcing factors of fluvial-system change in the Roer valley are climate change (precipitation, permafrost and vegetation) and downstream base-level control by the Meuse.
    Two decades of numerical modelling to understand long term fluvial archives : Advances and future perspectives
    Veldkamp, A. ; Baartman, J.E.M. ; Coulthard, T.J. ; Maddy, D. ; Schoorl, J.M. ; Storms, J.E.A. ; Temme, A.J.A.M. ; Balen, R. van; Wiel, M.J. van De; Gorp, W. van; Viveen, W. ; Westaway, R. ; Whittaker, A.C. - \ 2017
    Quaternary Science Reviews 166 (2017). - ISSN 0277-3791 - p. 177 - 187.
    Equifinality - Fluvial stratigraphy - Intrinsic and extrinsic control - Non-linearity - Numerical model - Signal shredding
    The development and application of numerical models to investigate fluvial sedimentary archives has increased during the last decades resulting in a sustained growth in the number of scientific publications with keywords, 'fluvial models', 'fluvial process models' and 'fluvial numerical models'. In this context we compile and review the current contributions of numerical modelling to the understanding of fluvial archives. In particular, recent advances, current limitations, previous unexpected results and future perspectives are all discussed. Numerical modelling efforts have demonstrated that fluvial systems can display non-linear behaviour with often unexpected dynamics causing significant delay, amplification, attenuation or blurring of externally controlled signals in their simulated record. Numerical simulations have also demonstrated that fluvial records can be generated by intrinsic dynamics without any change in external controls. Many other model applications demonstrate that fluvial archives, specifically of large fluvial systems, can be convincingly simulated as a function of the interplay of (palaeo) landscape properties and extrinsic climate, base level and crustal controls. All discussed models can, after some calibration, produce believable matches with real world systems suggesting that equifinality - where a given end state can be reached through many different pathways starting from different initial conditions and physical assumptions - plays an important role in fluvial records and their modelling. The overall future challenge lies in the development of new methodologies for a more independent validation of system dynamics and research strategies that allow the separation of intrinsic and extrinsic record signals using combined fieldwork and modelling.
    Onderzoek toont aan: nauwelijks effect bodemverbeteraars
    Balen, D.J.M. van; Topper, C.G. ; Geel, W.C.A. van; Haan, J.J. de; Berg, W. van den - \ 2016
    Topbodem masterclass Praktijkonderzoek Akkerbouw, Groene ruimte & Vollegrondsgroente en BASIS
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2016
    NKG met woelen gunstig voor gewasgroei
    Balen, Derk van - \ 2016
    tillage - minimum tillage - reduced tillage - conservation tillage - soil structure - crop yield - soil quality
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