Earth System Governance : Science and Implementation Plan of the Earth System Governance Project 2018
Burch, Sarah ; Gupta, A. ; Yumie Aoki Inoue, Christina ; Kalfagianni, Agni ; Persson, Asa ; Heijden, Jeroen van der; Vervoort, Joost ; Adler, Carolina ; Bloomfield, Michael John ; Djalante, Riyanti ; Dryzek, John S. ; Galaz, Victor ; Gordon, Christopher ; Harmon, Renee ; Jinnah, Sikina ; Kim, Rakhyun E. ; Olsson, Lennart ; Leeuwen, J. van; Ramasar, Vasna ; Wapner, Paul ; Zondervan, Ruben - \ 2019
Utrecht : Earth System Governance - 128 p.
New directions in earth system governance research
Burch, Sarah ; Gupta, A. ; Inoue, C. ; Kalfagianni, Agni ; Persson, Asa ; Gerlak, Andrea K. ; Ishii, Atsushi ; Patterson, James ; Pickering, Jonathan ; Scobie, M. ; Heijden, Jeroen van der; Vervoort, J. ; Adler, Carolina ; Bloomfield, Michael ; Djalante, Riyante ; Dryzek, John ; Galaz, Victor ; Gordon, Christopher ; Harmon, Renée ; Jinnah, Sikina ; Kim, Rakhyun E. ; Olsson, Lennart ; Leeuwen, J. van; Ramasar, Vasna ; Wapner, Paul ; Zondervan, R. - \ 2019
Earth System Governance 1 (2019). - ISSN 2589-8116 - 18 p.
Governance - Research networks - Earth system - Transformation
The Earth System Governance project is a global research alliance that explores novel, effective governance mechanisms to cope with the current transitions in the biogeochemical systems of the planet. A decade after its inception, this article offers an overview of the project's new research framework (which is built upon a review of existing earth system governance research), the goal of which is to continue to stimulate a pluralistic, vibrant and relevant research community. This framework is composed of contextual conditions (transformations, inequality, Anthropocene and diversity), which capture what is being observed empirically, and five sets of research lenses (architecture and agency, democracy and power, justice and allocation, anticipation and imagination, and adaptiveness and reflexivity). Ultimately the goal is to guide and inspire the systematic study of how societies prepare for accelerated climate change and wider earth system change, as well as policy responses.
Weighing up management options for marine ecosystems: a participatory approach
Robinson, L.A. ; Baulcomb, C. ; Bloomfield, H. ; Piet, G.J. - \ 2016
- 1 p.
management strategy evaluation - participatory approach - Decision-making - Trade-offs - european regional seas - policy objectives
Global variability in leaf respiration in relation to climate, plant functional types and leaf traits
Atkin, O. ; Bloomfield, K. ; Reich, P.B. ; Tjoelker, M.G. ; Asner, G. ; Bonal, D. ; Bönisch, G. ; Poorter, L. - \ 2015
New Phytologist 206 (2015)2. - ISSN 0028-646X - p. 614 - 636.
elevated atmospheric co2 - terrestrial carbon-cycle - tropical rain-forests - dark respiration - thermal-acclimation - temperature sensitivity - vegetation models - photosynthetic capacity - nitrogen concentration - scaling relationships
Leaf dark respiration (R-dark) is an important yet poorly quantified component of the global carbon cycle. Given this, we analyzed a new global database of R-dark and associated leaf traits. Data for 899 species were compiled from 100 sites (from the Arctic to the tropics). Several woody and nonwoody plant functional types (PFTs) were represented. Mixed-effects models were used to disentangle sources of variation in R-dark. Area-based R-dark at the prevailing average daily growth temperature (T) of each siteincreased only twofold from the Arctic to the tropics, despite a 20 degrees C increase in growing T (8-28 degrees C). By contrast, R-dark at a standard T (25 degrees C, R-dark(25)) was threefold higher in the Arctic than in the tropics, and twofold higher at arid than at mesic sites. Species and PFTs at cold sites exhibited higher R-dark(25) at a given photosynthetic capacity (V-cmax(25)) or leaf nitrogen concentration ([N]) than species at warmer sites. R-dark(25) values at any given V-cmax(25) or [N] were higher in herbs than in woody plants. The results highlight variation in R-dark among species and across global gradients in T and aridity. In addition to their ecological significance, the results provide a framework for improving representation of R-dark in terrestrial biosphere models (TBMs) and associated land-surface components of Earth system models (ESMs).
What does stakeholder involvement mean for fisheries management?
Aanesen, Margrethe ; Armstrong, Claire W. ; Bloomfield, Helen J. ; Röckmann, Christine - \ 2014
Ecology and Society 19 (2014)4. - ISSN 1708-3087
The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) sets the guidelines for the management of European fisheries. The CFP is revised every 10 years, and the last two revisions have laid the groundwork for extending stakeholder participation in European Union fisheries management. The fishery industry and nongovernmental organization (NGOs) especially are recommended to be given greater influence. In this paper we report results from an international survey on fisheries stakeholders’ preferences for the three pillars of sustainable fisheries activities as defined in the CFP: ecological, economic, and social. Results of the survey show that industry member preferences were significantly different from the preferences of authorities, scientists, and NGOs. The preferences of the three latter groups did not vary significantly across stakeholder group. This raises the question of what consequences the planned stakeholder involvement in the CFP may have, given the preferences revealed in our survey.
Sometimes you cannot make it on your own: drivers and scenarios for regional cooperation in implementing the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive
Hoof, L.J.W. van; Hendriksen, A. ; Bloomfield, H.J. - \ 2014
Marine Policy 50 (2014)part B. - ISSN 0308-597X - p. 339 - 346.
management - policy - guide
Implementing the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive explicitly calls for regional cooperation between the EU Member States in the different regional seas. This regional cooperation, although set in a general framework of EU Member States and non-EU states utilising existing Regional Sea Conventions as focal point, develops along different tracks. Based on a series of interviews with different stakeholder groups in the different regional seas the drivers for this regional cooperation were determined. These drivers were used to develop a set of scenarios to depict possible ways and structures for cooperation at the different regional seas. In this paper the result of this analysis and the different scenarios developed are presented. The five scenarios developed were very helpful in elaborating alternative governance models for regional cooperation. From the validation by the stakeholders it became clear that both the drivers used, as the scenarios developed were found to be relevant. There is no single solution that is going to fit all regional seas, or that is going to appeal to all stakeholders within a regional sea. Especially in this setting the scenario approach does help people to explore the full range of possibilities that exists for the development of alternative governance models that address two issues raised but not detailed in the MSFD: cooperation and participation.
Conservation policy : listen to the voices of experience
Turnhout, E. ; Bloomfield, B. ; Hulme, M. ; Vogel, J. ; Wynne, B. - \ 2012
Nature 488 (2012). - ISSN 0028-0836 - p. 454 - 455.
The intergovernmental body for biodiversity must draw on a much broader range of knowledge and stakeholders than the IPCC, say Esther Turnhout and colleagues.
Development and selection of operational management strategies to achieve policy objectives
Piet, G.J. ; Rockmann, C. ; Aanesen, M. ; Armstrong, C. ; Quesne, W. Le; Bloomfield, H. ; Hal, R. van - \ 2011
MEFEPO - 88
visserijbeheer - governance - ecosysteembeheer - operationeel onderzoek - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - strategisch management - visserijbeleid - besluitvorming - participatie - noordzee - atlantische oceaan - fishery management - governance - ecosystem management - operations research - sustainability - strategic management - fishery policy - decision making - participation - north sea - atlantic ocean
Since the reform of the EU Common Fisheries Policy in 2002, effort has been devoted to addressing the governance, scientific, social and economic issues required to introduce an ecosystem approach to fisheries management (EAFM) in Europe. Fisheries management needs to support the three pillars of sustainability (ecological, social and economic) and Fisheries Ecosystem Plans (FEPs) have been developed as a tool to assist managers considering the ecological, social and economic implications of their decision. Building upon previous studies (e.g. the FP5-funded European Fisheries Ecosystem Plan project), the core concept of the Making the European Fisheries Ecosystem Plan Operational (MEFEPO) project is to deliver operational frameworks (FEPs) for three regional seas. The project focus is on how best to make current institutional frameworks responsive to an EAFM at regional and pan-European levels in accordance with the principles of good governance. The regional seas selected for the project are the North Sea (NS), North Western Waters (NWW) and South Western Waters (SWW) RAC regions. The aim of this work package (WP5) was to develop operational objectives to achieve the ecological objectives identified for the 3 regional seas in WP2. This report describes the development and implementation of a transparent and formal process that should lead to identification of the “best” operational management strategies for an EAFM, based on sound scientific information and stakeholder involvement (e.g. regional industry groups, citizen groups, managers and other interest groups).
MEFEPO North Sea Atlas
Bloomfield, H.J. ; Allcock, Z. ; Bos, O.G. ; Paramor, O.A.L. ; Allen, K.A. ; Aanesen, M. ; Armstrong, C. ; Hegland, T. ; Quense, W. Le; Piet, G.J. ; Raakaer, J. ; Rogers, S. ; Hal, R. van; Hoof, L.J.W. van; Overzee, H.M.J. van; Frid, C. - \ 2011
Liverpool : University of Liverpool - ISBN 9780906370674 - 118 p.
|Alcohol use among Danish adolescents: a self- and social identity perspective
Verkooijen, K.T. ; Bloomfield, K. ; Nielsen, G.A. ; Vries, N.K. de - \ 2007
In: Youth drinking cultures : European experiences / Jarvinen, M., Room, R., Hampshire : Ashgate - ISBN 9780754649960 - p. 145 - 159.
|From Biotech to nanotech: lessons for the future nano debate
Korthals, Michiel - \ 2005
Disinfection and the prevention of infectious disease
Bloomfield, S.F. ; Beumer, R.R. ; Exner, M. ; Fara, G.M. ; Scott, E. ; Nath, K.J. - \ 2004
American Journal of Infection Control 32 (2004)5. - ISSN 0196-6553 - p. 311 - 313.
domestic kitchen - hygiene - contamination
|Guidelines for prevention of infection and cross infection in the domestic environment
Beumer, R.R. ; Bloomfield, S. ; Exner, M. ; Fara, G.M. ; Scott, E. ; Kumar Jyoti Nath, - \ 2002
Unknown Publisher (Intramed Communications ) - 44 p.
|Listeria monocytogenes in domestic environments: recommendations of the international forum on home hygiene
Beumer, R.R. ; Bloomfield, S.F. ; Exner, M. ; Fara, G.M. ; Nath, K.J. ; Scott, E. - \ 2001
In: Proceedings of ISOPOL XIV, Mannheim, 2001 Mannheim : ISOPOL - p. 182 - 182.
|Development of guidelines for prevention of infection and cross infection in the domestic setting
Beumer, R. ; Bloomfield, S.F. ; Exner, M. ; Fara, G.M. ; Nath, K.J. ; Scott, E. - \ 2001
In: SAM Summer Conference, Swansea, UK, 2001. - Swansea : Society for Applied Microbiology, 2001 - p. 26 - 26.
|Microbial resistance and biocides : A review by the International Forum on Home Hygiene (IFH)
Beumer, R.R. ; Bloomfield, S.F. ; Exner, M. ; Fara, G.M. ; Nath, K.J. ; Scott, E. - \ 2000
International Scientific Forum on Home Hygiene - 42 p.
|Recommendations for selection of suitable hygiene procedures for use in the domestic environment
Beumer, R. ; Bloomfield, S. ; Exner, M. ; Fara, G.M. ; Nath, K.J. ; Scott, E. - \ 2000
Milan, Italy : Intramed Communications s.r.l. - 36 p.
|The need for a home hygiene policy and guidelines on home hygiene
Beumer, R. ; Bloomfield, S. ; Exner, M. ; Fara, G.M. ; Scott, E. - \ 1999
Annali di Igiene (1999)11. - p. 11 - 26.
|Effect of chymosin action on the hydrodynamic diameter of casein micelles
Walstra, P. ; Bloomfield, V.A. ; Wei, G.J. ; Jenness, R. - \ 1981
Biochimica et biophysica acta-protein structure and molecular enzymology 669 (1981). - ISSN 0167-4838 - p. 258 - 259.