Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Governance prospects for maritime spatial planning in the tropical atlantic compared to EU case studies
    Guerreiro, José ; Carvalho, Ana ; Casimiro, Daniela ; Bonnin, Marie ; Calado, Helena ; Toonen, Hilde ; Fotso, Philippe ; Ly, Ibrahima ; Silva, Osvaldina ; Silva, Solange Teles da - \ 2021
    Marine Policy 123 (2021). - ISSN 0308-597X
    Institutional framework - Legal framework - Maritime governance - Maritime spatial planning - Tropical Atlantic

    Maritime spatial planning (MSP) is a governance approach that has been applauded for its promise to reconcile human uses and conservation, and is now widely implemented in member states of the European Union (EU), as well as in other countries in the Global North, like Canada, the United States and Australia. Five years ago, very few countries in the Global South seemed to be engaged in MSP. The Atlantic Ocean assumes the status of a major ecosystem and has geopolitical importance in the context of EU and is even more strengthened by the long-term political cooperation with the Tropical Atlantic countries regarding maritime affairs. The PADDLE project (EU RISE) aims to assess, in a north-south context, precisely how countries on the “Atlantic Boarder”, namely Senegal, Cape Verde and Brazil, encompass this trend towards MSP within their legal, institutional and political frameworks, following blue economy options and blue growth strategies. This contribution is an updated output of an international PADDLE project expert assessment, held in Brazil in February 2019, following two years of research. It intends to summarize the main conclusions on the state of the art and MSP prospects in the Tropical Atlantic, also referring to the ongoing MSP process in several EU countries. Political, legal and institutional frameworks enhancing MSP were presented and future trends for tropical MSP governance discussed.

    World Soil Information Service (WoSIS) - Towards the standardization and harmonization of world soil data : Procedures Manual 2020
    Carvalho Ribeiro, E.D. ; Batjes, N.H. ; Oostrum, A.J.M. van - \ 2020
    ISRIC - World Soil Information (ISRIC Report 2020/01) - 153 p.
    Integrating ecosystem services in power analysis in forest governance : A comparison across nine European countries
    Juerges, Nataly ; Arts, Bas ; Masiero, Mauro ; Başkent, Emin Z. ; Borges, José G. ; Brodrechtova, Yvonne ; Brukas, Vilis ; Canadas, Maria João ; Carvalho, Pedro Ochôa ; Corradini, Giulia ; Corrigan, Edwin ; Felton, Adam ; Hoogstra-Klein, Marjanke ; Krott, Max ; Laar, Jim van; Lodin, Isak ; Lundholm, Anders ; Makrickienė, Ekaterina ; Marques, Marlene ; Mendes, Américo ; Mozgeris, Gintautas ; Novais, Ana ; Pettenella, Davide ; Pivoriūnas, Nerijus - \ 2020
    Forest Policy and Economics 121 (2020). - ISSN 1389-9341
    Actor-centred power - Ecosystem services trade-off - Europe - Forest governance - Governance transformation - Power shift

    Within forest governance research, the transfer of power from governmental actors to civil society and market actors has been subject to intense scientific debate. We move forward on this debate by analyzing how ongoing transformations and power shifts in forest governance affect the power relations of actors with interest in various ecosystem services (ESs) in nine countries (Germany, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Slovakia, Sweden, the Netherlands, Turkey). In order to examine power resources of actors, we triangulated 220 qualitative interviews, document analysis, and participatory observations. Governmental actors (with various interests in ESs) were the most powerful actors in most countries, and thus drove forest management. Our analysis shows that the power relations of actors with interest in different forest ESs, varied within the nine countries, though many similarities existed. Governmental, market, and civil society actors differed in their capacity to apply the power strategies “coercion”, “(dis)incentives”, and “dominant information”, to realize their interests in ESs. In Lithuania, Slovakia and Turkey, governmental actors relied mostly on coercion; in the Netherlands on incentives; and in Sweden on dominant information. In Germany, Ireland, Italy and Portugal governmental actors relied on a mix of coercion, incentives, and dominant information. Market actors in all countries relied mostly on incentives, and civil society actors on dominant information as their power strategy.

    Developing multiscale and integrative nature–people scenarios using the Nature Futures Framework
    Pereira, Laura M. ; Davies, Kathryn K. ; Belder, Eefje ; Ferrier, Simon ; Karlsson‐vinkhuyzen, Sylvia ; Kim, Hyejin ; Kuiper, Jan J. ; Okayasu, Sana ; Palomo, Maria G. ; Pereira, Henrique M. ; Peterson, Garry ; Sathyapalan, Jyothis ; Schoolenberg, Machteld ; Alkemade, Rob ; Carvalho Ribeiro, Sonja ; Greenaway, Alison ; Hauck, Jennifer ; King, Nicholas ; Lazarova, Tanya ; Ravera, Federica ; Chettri, Nakul ; Cheung, W.W.L. ; Hendriks, Rob J.J. ; Kolomytsev, Grygoriy O. ; Leadley, Paul ; Metzger, Jean Paul ; Ninan, Karachepone N. ; Pichs, Ramon ; Popp, Alexander ; Rondinini, Carlo ; Isabel, Rosa ; Vuuren, Detlef P. van; Lundquist, Carolyn J. - \ 2020
    People and Nature (2020). - ISSN 2575-8314 - 24 p.
    Scientists have repeatedly argued that transformative, multiscale global scenarios are needed as tools in the quest to halt the decline of biodiversity and achieve sustainability goals.
    As a first step towards achieving this, the researchers who participated in the scenarios and models expert group of the Intergovernmental Science‐Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) entered into an iterative, participatory process that led to the development of the Nature Futures Framework (NFF).
    The NFF is a heuristic tool that captures diverse, positive relationships of humans with nature in the form of a triangle. It can be used both as a boundary object for continuously opening up more plural perspectives in the creation of desirable nature scenarios and as an actionable framework for developing consistent nature scenarios across multiple scales.
    Here we describe the methods employed to develop the NFF and how it fits into a longer term process to create transformative, multiscale scenarios for nature. We argue that the contribution of the NFF is twofold: (a) its ability to hold a plurality of perspectives on what is desirable, which enables the development of joint goals and visions and recognizes the possible convergence and synergies of measures to achieve these visions and (b), its multiscale functionality for elaborating scenarios and models that can inform decision‐making at relevant levels, making it applicable across specific places and perspectives on nature.
    If humanity is to achieve its goal of a more sustainable and prosperous future rooted in a flourishing nature, it is critical to open up a space for more plural perspectives of human–nature relationships. As the global community sets out to develop new goals for biodiversity, the NFF can be used as a navigation tool helping to make diverse, desirable futures possible
    The global abundance of tree palms
    Muscarella, Robert ; Emilio, Thaise ; Phillips, Oliver L. ; Lewis, Simon L. ; Slik, Ferry ; Baker, William J. ; Couvreur, Thomas L.P. ; Eiserhardt, Wolf L. ; Svenning, Jens Christian ; Affum-Baffoe, Kofi ; Aiba, Shin Ichiro ; Almeida, Everton C. de; Almeida, Samuel S. de; Oliveira, Edmar Almeida de; Álvarez-Dávila, Esteban ; Alves, Luciana F. ; Alvez-Valles, Carlos Mariano ; Carvalho, Fabrício Alvim ; Guarin, Fernando Alzate ; Andrade, Ana ; Aragão, Luis E.O.C. ; Murakami, Alejandro Araujo ; Arroyo, Luzmila ; Ashton, Peter S. ; Corredor, Gerardo A.A. ; Baker, Timothy R. ; Camargo, Plinio Barbosa de; Barlow, Jos ; Bastin, Jean François ; Bengone, Natacha Nssi ; Berenguer, Erika ; Berry, Nicholas ; Blanc, Lilian ; Böhning-Gaese, Katrin ; Bonal, Damien ; Bongers, Frans ; Bradford, Matt ; Brambach, Fabian ; Brearley, Francis Q. ; Brewer, Steven W. ; Camargo, Jose L.C. ; Campbell, David G. ; Castilho, Carolina V. ; Castro, Wendeson ; Catchpole, Damien ; Cerón Martínez, Carlos E. ; Chen, Shengbin ; Chhang, Phourin ; Cho, Percival ; Chutipong, Wanlop ; Clark, Connie ; Collins, Murray ; Comiskey, James A. ; Medina, Massiel Nataly Corrales ; Costa, Flávia R.C. ; Culmsee, Heike ; David-Higuita, Heriberto ; Davidar, Priya ; Aguila-Pasquel, Jhon del; Derroire, Géraldine ; Fiore, Anthony Di; Do, Tran Van; Doucet, Jean Louis ; Dourdain, Aurélie ; Drake, Donald R. ; Ensslin, Andreas ; Erwin, Terry ; Ewango, Corneille E.N. ; Ewers, Robert M. ; Fauset, Sophie ; Feldpausch, Ted R. ; Ferreira, Joice ; Ferreira, Leandro Valle ; Fischer, Markus ; Franklin, Janet ; Fredriksson, Gabriella M. ; Gillespie, Thomas W. ; Gilpin, Martin ; Gonmadje, Christelle ; Gunatilleke, Arachchige Upali Nimal ; Hakeem, Khalid Rehman ; Hall, Jefferson S. ; Hamer, Keith C. ; Harris, David J. ; Harrison, Rhett D. ; Hector, Andrew ; Hemp, Andreas ; Herault, Bruno ; Pizango, Carlos Gabriel Hidalgo ; Honorio Coronado, Eurídice N. ; Hubau, Wannes ; Hussain, Mohammad Shah ; Ibrahim, Faridah Hanum ; Imai, Nobuo ; Joly, Carlos A. ; Joseph, Shijo ; Anitha, K. ; Kartawinata, Kuswata ; Kassi, Justin ; Killeen, Timothy J. ; Kitayama, Kanehiro ; Klitgård, Bente Bang ; Kooyman, Robert ; Labrière, Nicolas ; Larney, Eileen ; Laumonier, Yves ; Laurance, Susan G. ; Laurance, William F. ; Lawes, Michael J. ; Levesley, Aurora ; Lisingo, Janvier ; Lovejoy, Thomas ; Lovett, Jon C. ; Lu, Xinghui ; Lykke, Anne Mette ; Magnusson, William E. ; Mahayani, Ni Putu Diana ; Malhi, Yadvinder ; Mansor, Asyraf ; Peña, Jose Luis Marcelo ; Marimon-Junior, Ben H. ; Marshall, Andrew R. ; Melgaco, Karina ; Bautista, Casimiro Mendoza ; Mihindou, Vianet ; Millet, Jérôme ; Milliken, William ; Mohandass, D. ; Mendoza, Abel Lorenzo Monteagudo ; Mugerwa, Badru ; Nagamasu, Hidetoshi ; Nagy, Laszlo ; Seuaturien, Naret ; Nascimento, Marcelo T. ; Neill, David A. ; Neto, Luiz Menini ; Nilus, Rueben ; Vargas, Mario Percy Núñez ; Nurtjahya, Eddy ; Araújo, R.N.O. de; Onrizal, Onrizal ; Palacios, Walter A. ; Palacios-Ramos, Sonia ; Parren, Marc ; Paudel, Ekananda ; Morandi, Paulo S. ; Pennington, R.T. ; Pickavance, Georgia ; Pipoly, John J. ; Pitman, Nigel C.A. ; Poedjirahajoe, Erny ; Poorter, Lourens ; Poulsen, John R. ; Prasad, P.R.C. ; Prieto, Adriana ; Puyravaud, Jean Philippe ; Qie, Lan ; Quesada, Carlos A. ; Ramírez-Angulo, Hirma ; Razafimahaimodison, Jean Claude ; Reitsma, Jan Meindert ; Requena-Rojas, Edilson J. ; Correa, Zorayda Restrepo ; Rodriguez, Carlos Reynel ; Roopsind, Anand ; Rovero, Francesco ; Rozak, Andes ; Lleras, Agustín Rudas ; Rutishauser, Ervan ; Rutten, Gemma ; Punchi-Manage, Ruwan ; Salomão, Rafael P. ; Sam, Hoang Van; Sarker, Swapan Kumar ; Satdichanh, Manichanh ; Schietti, Juliana ; Schmitt, Christine B. ; Marimon, Beatriz Schwantes ; Senbeta, Feyera ; Nath Sharma, Lila ; Sheil, Douglas ; Sierra, Rodrigo ; Silva-Espejo, Javier E. ; Silveira, Marcos ; Sonké, Bonaventure ; Steininger, Marc K. ; Steinmetz, Robert ; Stévart, Tariq ; Sukumar, Raman ; Sultana, Aisha ; Sunderland, Terry C.H. ; Suresh, Hebbalalu Satyanarayana ; Tang, Jianwei ; Tanner, Edmund ; Steege, Hans ter; Terborgh, John W. ; Theilade, Ida ; Timberlake, Jonathan ; Torres-Lezama, Armando ; Umunay, Peter ; Uriarte, María ; Gamarra, Luis Valenzuela ; Bult, Martin van de; Hout, Peter van der; Martinez, Rodolfo Vasquez ; Vieira, Ima Célia Guimarães ; Vieira, Simone A. ; Vilanova, Emilio ; Cayo, Jeanneth Villalobos ; Wang, Ophelia ; Webb, Campbell O. ; Webb, Edward L. ; White, Lee ; Whitfeld, Timothy J.S. ; Wich, Serge ; Willcock, Simon ; Wiser, Susan K. ; Young, Kenneth R. ; Zakaria, Rahmad ; Zang, Runguo ; Zartman, Charles E. ; Zo-Bi, Irié Casimir ; Balslev, Henrik - \ 2020
    Global Ecology and Biogeography 29 (2020)9. - ISSN 1466-822X - p. 1495 - 1514.
    above-ground biomass - abundance patterns - Arecaceae - local abiotic conditions - Neotropics - pantropical biogeography - tropical rainforest - wood density

    Aim: Palms are an iconic, diverse and often abundant component of tropical ecosystems that provide many ecosystem services. Being monocots, tree palms are evolutionarily, morphologically and physiologically distinct from other trees, and these differences have important consequences for ecosystem services (e.g., carbon sequestration and storage) and in terms of responses to climate change. We quantified global patterns of tree palm relative abundance to help improve understanding of tropical forests and reduce uncertainty about these ecosystems under climate change. Location: Tropical and subtropical moist forests. Time period: Current. Major taxa studied: Palms (Arecaceae). Methods: We assembled a pantropical dataset of 2,548 forest plots (covering 1,191 ha) and quantified tree palm (i.e., ≥10 cm diameter at breast height) abundance relative to co-occurring non-palm trees. We compared the relative abundance of tree palms across biogeographical realms and tested for associations with palaeoclimate stability, current climate, edaphic conditions and metrics of forest structure. Results: On average, the relative abundance of tree palms was more than five times larger between Neotropical locations and other biogeographical realms. Tree palms were absent in most locations outside the Neotropics but present in >80% of Neotropical locations. The relative abundance of tree palms was more strongly associated with local conditions (e.g., higher mean annual precipitation, lower soil fertility, shallower water table and lower plot mean wood density) than metrics of long-term climate stability. Life-form diversity also influenced the patterns; palm assemblages outside the Neotropics comprise many non-tree (e.g., climbing) palms. Finally, we show that tree palms can influence estimates of above-ground biomass, but the magnitude and direction of the effect require additional work. Conclusions: Tree palms are not only quintessentially tropical, but they are also overwhelmingly Neotropical. Future work to understand the contributions of tree palms to biomass estimates and carbon cycling will be particularly crucial in Neotropical forests.

    Plant coffee in a food forest
    Carvalho Gomes, Lucas de - \ 2020
    Land use change drives the spatio-temporal variation of ecosystem services and their interactions along an altitudinal gradient in Brazil
    Gomes, Lucas Carvalho ; Bianchi, Felix J.J.A. ; Cardoso, Irene M. ; Fernandes Filho, Elpídio I. ; Schulte, Rogier P.O. - \ 2020
    Landscape Ecology 35 (2020). - ISSN 0921-2973 - p. 1571 - 1586.
    Atlantic Forest biome - Biophysical conditions - Land use transition - Synergy - Trade-off

    Context: Land use and land cover (LULC) changes may affect the provision of ecosystem services. However, little is known how LULC changes influence the spatio-temporal variation in ecosystem service and their interactions along altitudinal gradients. Objectives: Here we assessed the spatio-temporal variation of eight ecosystem services in an altitudinal gradient between the year of 1986 and 2015, and quantified the effect of LULC transitions on the provision and interactions of ecosystems services. Methods: We modelled and mapped eight ecosystem services in an altitudinal gradient characterized by low (< 600 m), middle (600–1200) and high altitudes (> 1200) in Zona da Mata, Minas Gerais state, Brazil. We quantified changes in ecosystem services by contrasting ecosystem service maps between 1986 and 2015, and explored how four common LULC transitions affected the variation and the interactions between the eight ecosystem services. Results: The spatio-temporal analysis indicated that six out of eight ecosystem services increased from 1986 to 2015, while soil erosion control and water flow regulation decreased. In areas above 1200 m, regulating services dominated, while in areas below 1200 m provisioning service were most evidenced. LULC transitions from forest to agricultural areas, and vice versa, resulted in trade-offs between provisioning and regulating ecosystem services. Conclusions: LULC changes drive the spatio-temporal variation of ecosystem services along an altitudinal gradient with contrasting biophysical conditions. Future management of ecosystem services in the landscapes should take into the account the biophysical conditions and the consequences of specific LULC transitions.

    Land use change and ecosystem services: linking social and ecological systems across time
    Carvalho Gomes, Lucas de - \ 2020
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): R.P.O. Schulte; I.M. Cardoso, co-promotor(en): F.J.J.A. Bianchi; B.J.M. Arts. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463953979 - 217

    In light of the projected climate change for the coming decades, there is an urgent need for multifunctional landscapes that are capable to provide a diversity of ecosystem services. This requires a better understanding of social and ecological factors that influence how these landscapes are managed and how this, in turn, influences the provision of ecosystem services. Land Use Land Cover (LULC) changes are one of the main factors that lead to spatiotemporal changes of ecosystems services. As such, the identification of the main socioeconomic drivers of LULC can give important insights about the drivers of ecosystem services. However, the analysis of ecosystem services in a context of socio-ecological systems is still underdeveloped. Brazil has witnessed intense changes in LULC in the last five centuries, which may have influenced the provision of ecosystem services at local, regional and global scales. In the southeast mountain area of the Atlantic Forest biome, the Zona da Mata de Minas Gerais is characterized by a heterogeneous landscape mosaic composed of pasture and coffee fields intermingled with forest fragments, which are predominantly inhabited and managed by family farmers. The Zona da Mata is considered a complex socio-ecological system and is an interesting case to study the spatio-temporal provision of ecosystem services. In Chapter 2, I assessed the LULC changes from 1986 to 2015 and their main socioeconomic drivers. By combining data obtained from satellite images, workshops and secondary data, I showed that forest and coffee areas increased, and pasture decreased. These changes were associated with government measures to protect the environment, financial support of family farmers, migration to cities and the agroecological movement. A scenarios analysis of contrasting socio-economic narratives indicated that sustainable measures taken by the government to protect the environment and support family farmers with financial credit will lead to increase forest and coffee areas in the Green Road scenario. In contrast, the socioeconomic development in the Fossil Fuel scenario, which projects a decline in environmental protection and focuses on rapid economic development, there will be a decline in forest areas. In Chapter 3, I explored the spatial variation of ecosystem services from 1986 to 2015 and the impacts of LULC changes on ecosystem services provision levels and their interactions. To map the spatio variation of ecosystem services, I used the LULC maps from 1986 and 2015 (Chapter 2) and the InVEST model. This analysis indicated that the conversion of forest to pasture has strong negative impacts on soil erosion control and water flow regulation, manifesting mostly as trade-offs and dis-synergies between ecosystem services. In Chapter 4, I investigated the separate effects of LULC changes and climate on water dynamics from 1990 to 2015, and explored scenarios of LULC change and climate change for 2045. For this purpose, I used the SWAT model and climate data combined with historical and future LULC maps developed in Chapter 2. I found that the variation in climate variables was the main factor for the observed increase in the river streamflow in the study period and that forest can buffer extreme precipitation events. The exploration of future scenarios indicated that the increase in forest cover under the Green Road scenario is expected to decrease the surface runoff water and increase evapotranspiration as compared to the Fossil Fuel scenario, mitigating the impacts of soil erosion and climatic extremes in the region. Projected changes in precipitation and temperature are expected to have negative impacts for agriculture in the future. In Chapter 5, I assessed the impact of climate change on the suitability of Coffea arabica production in the study region and the potential of agroforestry systems to mitigate these impacts. For this, I combined the species distribution model MaxEnt with current and future climate projections. Agroforestry system have the potential to reduce air temperatures under the canopy of trees. I explored the effect of the altered the microclimate in agroforestry systems on the suitability for coffee production by adjusting future climate data to reflect conditions in agroforestry systems. I found that the area suitability for coffee production from the current monoculture coffee systems will decline by 60% under the projected climatic changes. However, the implementation of coffee agroforestry systems can mitigate these negative impacts of climatic change and maintain 75% of the area suitable for coffee production in 2050. Combining social and ecological systems in an interdisciplinary framework, generated insights in the relationships between climate and LULC change, and how this influences several ecosystem services. This framework connects different research fields and allows different stakeholders to work together to find effective ways to work towards multifunctional landscapes that promote the sustainable use of ecosystem services.

    Interaction between humic substances and plant hormones for phosphorous acquisition
    Jindo, Keiji ; Canellas, Luciano Pasqualoto ; Albacete, Alfonso ; Santos, Lidiane Figueiredo Dos; Frinhani Rocha, Rafael Luiz ; Baia, Daiane Carvalho ; Aguiar Canellas, Natália Oliveira ; Goron, Travis Luc ; Olivares, Fábio Lopes - \ 2020
    Agronomy 10 (2020)5. - ISSN 2073-4395
    Abiotic stresses - Biostimulants - Fulvic acid - Humic acid - Organic matter

    Phosphorus (P) deficiency is a major constraint in highly weathered tropical soils. Although phosphorous rock reserves may last for several hundred years, there exists an urgent need to research efficient P management for sustainable agriculture. Plant hormones play an important role in regulating plant growth, development, and reproduction. Humic substances (HS) are not only considered an essential component of soil organic carbon (SOC), but also well known as a biostimulant which can perform phytohormone-like activities to induce nutrient uptake. This review paper presents an overview of the scientific outputs in the relationship between HS and plant hormones. Special attention will be paid to the interaction between HS and plant hormones for nutrient uptake under P-deficient conditions.

    Capacity challenges in water quality monitoring : understanding the role of human development
    Kirschke, Sabrina ; Avellán, Tamara ; Bärlund, Ilona ; Bogardi, Janos J. ; Carvalho, Laurence ; Chapman, Deborah ; Dickens, Chris W.S. ; Irvine, Kenneth ; Lee, Sung Bong ; Mehner, Thomas ; Warner, Stuart - \ 2020
    Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 192 (2020)5. - ISSN 0167-6369
    Capacity development - Global survey - Human development index - SDG 6 - Water quality parameters

    Monitoring the qualitative status of freshwaters is an important goal of the international community, as stated in the Sustainable Development Goal (SDGs) indicator 6.3.2 on good ambient water quality. Monitoring data are, however, lacking in many countries, allegedly because of capacity challenges of less-developed countries. So far, however, the relationship between human development and capacity challenges for water quality monitoring have not been analysed systematically. This hinders the implementation of fine-tuned capacity development programmes for water quality monitoring. Against this background, this study takes a global perspective in analysing the link between human development and the capacity challenges countries face in their national water quality monitoring programmes. The analysis is based on the latest data on the human development index and an international online survey amongst experts from science and practice. Results provide evidence of a negative relationship between human development and the capacity challenges to meet SDG 6.3.2 monitoring requirements. This negative relationship increases along the course of the monitoring process, from defining the enabling environment, choosing parameters for the collection of field data, to the analytics and analysis of five commonly used parameters (DO, EC, pH, TP and TN). Our assessment can be used to help practitioners improve technical capacity development activities and to identify and target investment in capacity development for monitoring.

    In vitro toxicological characterisation of the antifungal compound soybean toxin (SBTX)
    Arantes, Mariana Reis ; Peijnenburg, Ad ; Hendriksen, Peter J.M. ; Stoopen, Geert ; Almeida, Thiago Silva ; Souza, Terezinha Maria ; Farias, Davi Felipe ; Carvalho, Ana Fontenele Urano ; Rocha, Talita Magalhães ; Leal, Luzia Kalyne Almeida Moreira ; Vasconcelos, Ilka Maria ; Oliveira, Jose Tadeu Abreu - \ 2020
    Toxicology in Vitro 65 (2020). - ISSN 0887-2333
    Antifungal agent - Cytotoxicity - SBTX - Toxicogenomics

    Soybean toxin (SBTX) is a protein isolated from soybean seeds and composed of two polypeptide subunits (17 and 27 kDa). SBTX has in vitro activity against phytopathogenic fungi such as Cercospora sojina, Aspergillus niger, and Penicillium herguei, and yeasts like Candida albicans, C. parapsilosis, Kluyveromyces marxiannus, and Pichia membranifaciens. The present study aimed to analyze in vitro whether SBTX causes any side effects on non-target bacterial and mammalian cells that could impede its potential use as a novel antifungal agent. SBTX at 100 μg/mL and 200 μg/mL did not hinder the growth of the bacteria Salmonella enterica (subspecies enterica serovar choleraesuis), Bacillus subtilis (subspecies spizizenii) and Staphylococcus aureus. Moreover, SBTX at concentrations up to 500 μg/mL did not significantly affect the viability of erythrocytes, neutrophils, and human intestinal Caco-2 cells. To study whether SBTX could induce relevant alterations in gene expression, in vitro DNA microarray experiments were conducted in which differentiated Caco-2 cells were exposed for 24 h to 100 μg/mL or 200 μg/mL SBTX. SBTX up-regulated genes involved in cell cycle and immune response pathways, but down-regulated genes that play a role in cholesterol biosynthesis and platelet degranulation pathways. Thus, although SBTX did not affect bacteria, nor induced cytotoxity in mammalian cells, it affected some biological pathways in the human Caco-2 cell line that warrants further investigation.

    Author Correction: A global database for metacommunity ecology, integrating species, traits, environment and space
    Jeliazkov, Alienor ; Mijatovic, Darko ; Chantepie, Stéphane ; Andrew, Nigel ; Arlettaz, Raphaël ; Barbaro, Luc ; Barsoum, Nadia ; Bartonova, Alena ; Belskaya, Elena ; Bonada, Núria ; Brind’Amour, Anik ; Carvalho, Rodrigo ; Castro, Helena ; Chmura, Damian ; Choler, Philippe ; Chong-Seng, Karen ; Cleary, Daniel ; Cormont, Anouk ; Cornwell, William ; Campos, Ramiro de; Voogd, Nicole de; Doledec, Sylvain ; Drew, Joshua ; Dziock, Frank ; Eallonardo, Anthony ; Edgar, Melanie J. ; Farneda, Fábio ; Hernandez, Domingo Flores ; Frenette-Dussault, Cédric ; Fried, Guillaume ; Gallardo, Belinda ; Gibb, Heloise ; Gonçalves-Souza, Thiago ; Higuti, Janet ; Humbert, Jean Yves ; Krasnov, Boris R. ; Saux, Eric Le ; Lindo, Zoe ; Lopez-Baucells, Adria ; Lowe, Elizabeth ; Marteinsdottir, Bryndis ; Martens, Koen ; Meffert, Peter ; Mellado-Díaz, Andres ; Menz, Myles H.M. ; Meyer, Christoph F.J. ; Miranda, Julia Ramos ; Mouillot, David ; Ossola, Alessandro ; Pakeman, Robin ; Pavoine, Sandrine ; Pekin, Burak ; Pino, Joan ; Pocheville, Arnaud ; Pomati, Francesco ; Poschlod, Peter ; Prentice, Honor C. ; Purschke, Oliver ; Raevel, Valerie ; Reitalu, Triin ; Renema, Willem ; Ribera, Ignacio ; Robinson, Natalie ; Robroek, Bjorn ; Rocha, Ricardo ; Shieh, Sen Her ; Spake, Rebecca ; Staniaszek-Kik, Monika ; Stanko, Michal ; Tejerina-Garro, Francisco Leonardo ; Braak, Cajo ter; Urban, Mark C. ; Klink, Roel van; Villéger, Sébastien ; Wegman, Ruut ; Westgate, Martin J. ; Wolff, Jonas ; Żarnowiec, Jan ; Zolotarev, Maxim ; Chase, Jonathan M. - \ 2020
    Scientific Data 7 (2020)1. - ISSN 2052-4463

    Following publication of this Data Descriptor it was found that the affiliation of Oliver Purschke was stated incorrectly. The correct affiliations are stated below: Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund University, Sölvegatan 37, SE-223 62 Lund, Sweden Biodiversity, Department of Biology, Lund University, Sölvegatan 37, SE-223 62 Lund, Sweden This has been corrected in both the HTML and PDF versions.

    A critical analysis of the potential for EU Common Agricultural Policy measures to support wild pollinators on farmland
    Cole, Lorna J. ; Kleijn, David ; Dicks, Lynn V. ; Stout, Jane C. ; Potts, Simon G. ; Albrecht, Matthias ; Balzan, Mario V. ; Bartomeus, Ignasi ; Bebeli, Penelope J. ; Bevk, Danilo ; Biesmeijer, Jacobus C. ; Chlebo, Róbert ; Dautartė, Anželika ; Emmanouil, Nikolaos ; Hartfield, Chris ; Holland, John M. ; Holzschuh, Andrea ; Knoben, Nieke T.J. ; Kovács-Hostyánszki, Anikó ; Mandelik, Yael ; Panou, Heleni ; Paxton, Robert J. ; Petanidou, Theodora ; Pinheiro de Carvalho, Miguel A.A. ; Rundlöf, Maj ; Sarthou, Jean Pierre ; Stavrinides, Menelaos C. ; Suso, Maria Jose ; Szentgyörgyi, Hajnalka ; Vaissière, Bernard E. ; Varnava, Androulla ; Vilà, Montserrat ; Zemeckis, Romualdas ; Scheper, Jeroen - \ 2020
    Journal of Applied Ecology 57 (2020)4. - ISSN 0021-8901 - p. 681 - 694.
    agri-environment schemes - bees - CAP Green Architecture - Common Agricultural Policy - Ecological Focus Areas - habitat complementarity - pollination services - pollinator conservation

    Agricultural intensification and associated loss of high-quality habitats are key drivers of insect pollinator declines. With the aim of decreasing the environmental impact of agriculture, the 2014 EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) defined a set of habitat and landscape features (Ecological Focus Areas: EFAs) farmers could select from as a requirement to receive basic farm payments. To inform the post-2020 CAP, we performed a European-scale evaluation to determine how different EFA options vary in their potential to support insect pollinators under standard and pollinator-friendly management, as well as the extent of farmer uptake. A structured Delphi elicitation process engaged 22 experts from 18 European countries to evaluate EFAs options. By considering life cycle requirements of key pollinating taxa (i.e. bumble bees, solitary bees and hoverflies), each option was evaluated for its potential to provide forage, bee nesting sites and hoverfly larval resources. EFA options varied substantially in the resources they were perceived to provide and their effectiveness varied geographically and temporally. For example, field margins provide relatively good forage throughout the season in Southern and Eastern Europe but lacked early-season forage in Northern and Western Europe. Under standard management, no single EFA option achieved high scores across resource categories and a scarcity of late season forage was perceived. Experts identified substantial opportunities to improve habitat quality by adopting pollinator-friendly management. Improving management alone was, however, unlikely to ensure that all pollinator resource requirements were met. Our analyses suggest that a combination of poor management, differences in the inherent pollinator habitat quality and uptake bias towards catch crops and nitrogen-fixing crops severely limit the potential of EFAs to support pollinators in European agricultural landscapes. Policy Implications. To conserve pollinators and help protect pollination services, our expert elicitation highlights the need to create a variety of interconnected, well-managed habitats that complement each other in the resources they offer. To achieve this the Common Agricultural Policy post-2020 should take a holistic view to implementation that integrates the different delivery vehicles aimed at protecting biodiversity (e.g. enhanced conditionality, eco-schemes and agri-environment and climate measures). To improve habitat quality we recommend an effective monitoring framework with target-orientated indicators and to facilitate the spatial targeting of options collaboration between land managers should be incentivised.

    Overexpression of Ricinus communis L. malate synthase enhances seed tolerance to abiotic stress during germination
    Brito, Valdinei Carvalho ; Almeida, Catherine P. de; Barbosa, Rhaíssa R. ; Carosio, Maria G.A. ; Ferreira, Antônio G. ; Fernandez, Luzimar G. ; Castro, Renato D. de; Hilhorst, Henk ; Ligterink, Wilco ; Ribeiro, Paulo Roberto - \ 2020
    Industrial Crops and Products 145 (2020). - ISSN 0926-6690
    Abiotic stress - Castor bean - Functional characterization - Temperature-responsive genes

    Ricinus communis L. seeds can germinate at high temperatures, but further development of the seedlings is negatively affected. This mainly caused by impairment of energy-generating pathways when seeds are germinated at 35 °C. Ricinus communis malate synthase (RcMLS) is a key responsive gene in lipid mobilization and gluconeogenesis and as such might have a role in sustaining successful seed germination and seedling growth. Herein, we raised the question whether RcMLS might be involved in the biochemical and molecular mechanisms required for R. communis seed germination under unfavourable environmental conditions. For that, we used a robust approach that encompassed bioinformatics analysis, transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh seeds overexpressing RcMLS, along with phenotypical characterization of seed germination under abiotic stress. The phylogenetic tree revealed important evolutionary relationship amongst MLS sequences from R. communis and from other crop species/model plants. Overexpression of RcMLS enhanced A. thaliana seed germination under high temperature and salt stress. For example, wild-type A. thaliana Columbia seeds (Col-0) showed 37 % of maximum germination at 35 °C, whereas A. thaliana seeds overexpressing RcMLS showed up to 71%. When salt stress was applied (75 mM NaCl), maximum germination of Col-0 seeds reached 37%, whereas for A. thaliana seeds overexpressing RcMLS it reached up to 93%. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Gas Chromatography coupled to Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS) metabolomics analysis showed a robust metabolic signature of A. thaliana seeds overexpressing RcMLS in response to abiotic stress. They accumulated high levels of Met, Ile, fructose, glucose, and sucrose. Therefore, we suggested that overexpression of RcMLS has modulated the glyoxylate cycle and gluconeogenesis pathway in order to maintain cellular homeostasis under unfavorable environmental conditions. Our results provide important leads into the contribution of RcMLS to the underlying mechanism of R. communis seed germination under adverse environmental conditions. This might be helpful for breeding programs to develop more resistant R. communis cultivars which are more likely to sustain growth and high yield under the severe conditions found in arid and semi-arid areas worldwide.

    A global database for metacommunity ecology, integrating species, traits, environment and space
    Jeliazkov, Alienor ; Mijatovic, Darko ; Chantepie, Stéphane ; Andrew, Nigel ; Arlettaz, Raphaël ; Barbaro, Luc ; Barsoum, Nadia ; Bartonova, Alena ; Belskaya, Elena ; Bonada, Núria ; Brind’Amour, Anik ; Carvalho, Rodrigo ; Castro, Helena ; Chmura, Damian ; Choler, Philippe ; Chong-Seng, Karen ; Cleary, Daniel ; Cormont, Anouk ; Cornwell, William ; Campos, Ramiro de; Voogd, Nicole de; Doledec, Sylvain ; Drew, Joshua ; Dziock, Frank ; Eallonardo, Anthony ; Edgar, Melanie J. ; Farneda, Fábio ; Hernandez, Domingo Flores ; Frenette-Dussault, Cédric ; Fried, Guillaume ; Gallardo, Belinda ; Gibb, Heloise ; Gonçalves-Souza, Thiago ; Higuti, Janet ; Humbert, Jean Yves ; Krasnov, Boris R. ; Saux, Eric Le ; Lindo, Zoe ; Lopez-Baucells, Adria ; Lowe, Elizabeth ; Marteinsdottir, Bryndis ; Martens, Koen ; Meffert, Peter ; Mellado-Díaz, Andres ; Menz, Myles H.M. ; Meyer, Christoph F.J. ; Miranda, Julia Ramos ; Mouillot, David ; Ossola, Alessandro ; Pakeman, Robin ; Pavoine, Sandrine ; Pekin, Burak ; Pino, Joan ; Pocheville, Arnaud ; Pomati, Francesco ; Poschlod, Peter ; Prentice, Honor C. ; Purschke, Oliver ; Raevel, Valerie ; Reitalu, Triin ; Renema, Willem ; Ribera, Ignacio ; Robinson, Natalie ; Robroek, Bjorn ; Rocha, Ricardo ; Shieh, Sen Her ; Spake, Rebecca ; Staniaszek-Kik, Monika ; Stanko, Michal ; Tejerina-Garro, Francisco Leonardo ; Braak, Cajo ter; Urban, Mark C. ; Klink, Roel van; Villéger, Sébastien ; Wegman, Ruut ; Westgate, Martin J. ; Wolff, Jonas ; Żarnowiec, Jan ; Zolotarev, Maxim ; Chase, Jonathan M. - \ 2020
    Scientific Data 7 (2020)1. - ISSN 2052-4463

    The use of functional information in the form of species traits plays an important role in explaining biodiversity patterns and responses to environmental changes. Although relationships between species composition, their traits, and the environment have been extensively studied on a case-by-case basis, results are variable, and it remains unclear how generalizable these relationships are across ecosystems, taxa and spatial scales. To address this gap, we collated 80 datasets from trait-based studies into a global database for metaCommunity Ecology: Species, Traits, Environment and Space; “CESTES”. Each dataset includes four matrices: species community abundances or presences/absences across multiple sites, species trait information, environmental variables and spatial coordinates of the sampling sites. The CESTES database is a live database: it will be maintained and expanded in the future as new datasets become available. By its harmonized structure, and the diversity of ecosystem types, taxonomic groups, and spatial scales it covers, the CESTES database provides an important opportunity for synthetic trait-based research in community ecology.

    Climate conditions and spray treatments induce shifts in health promoting compounds in cherry (Prunus avium L.) fruits
    Correia, Sofia ; Aires, Alfredo ; Queirós, Filipa ; Carvalho, Rosa ; Schouten, Rob ; Silva, Ana Paula ; Gonçalves, Berta - \ 2020
    Scientia Horticulturae 263 (2020). - ISSN 0304-4238
    Ascorbic acid - Calcium - Carotenoids - Growth regulators - Phenolic compounds - Sweet cherry

    Effects of repeated sprayings expected to affect phenolic, anthocyanin, carotenoid and ascorbic acid content in ‘Skeena’ and ‘Sweetheart’ cherries were observed during two years (without addition of calcium (Ca) in 2015, and with Ca in 2016). A shift in phytonutrients, with higher phenolic and carotenoid- and lower ascorbic acid content was observed when comparing Ca and the control (water) treatments in 2016 compared to 2015. Higher radiation, higher temperatures and less precipitation in 2015 compared to 2016 likely contributed to this shift. Gibberellic acid (GA3), abscisic acid (ABA), salicylic acid (SA) and glycine betaine (GB) sprays increased anthocyanin content in 2015 and for ‘Skeena’ cherries in 2016. GA3 and GB induced lower carotenoid content for ‘Skeena’- in 2015 and for ‘Sweetheart’ cherries in 2016 and lowered ascorbic acid content for ‘Sweetheart’ cherries. GA3 sprays induced the largest changes, increasing anthocyanin- (42 %), lowering carotenoid (19 %) and ascorbic acid content (53 %) compared to control. Ascophyllum nodosum, one of the novel spray treatments next to GB, appears to induce an effect opposite to GB, increasing carotenoid and ascorbic acid, but lowering phenolic content. Whether these phytonutrient shifts, due to climate conditions or to spray treatments, are beneficial to consumer health is unclear.

    NEOTROPICAL XENARTHRANS: a data set of occurrence of xenarthran species in the Neotropics
    Santos, Paloma Marques ; Bocchiglieri, Adriana ; Chiarello, Adriano Garcia ; Paglia, Adriano Pereira ; Moreira, Adryelle ; Souza, Agnis Cristiane de; Abba, Agustin Manuel ; Paviolo, Agustin ; Gatica, Ailin ; Medeiro, Akyllan Zoppi ; Costa, Alan Nilo ; Gallina, Alberto Gonzalez ; Yanosky, Alberto A. ; Jesus, Alejandro ; Bertassoni, Alessandra ; Rocha, Alessandro ; Bovo, Alex Augusto Abreu ; Bager, Alex ; Mol, Alexandra Cravino ; Martensen, Alexandre Camargo ; Faustino, Alexandre Casagrande ; Lopes, Alexandre Martins Costa ; Percequillo, Alexandre Reis ; Vogliotti, Alexandre ; Keuroghlian, Alexine ; Colina, María Alicia de la; Devlin, Allison L. ; García-Olaechea, Alvaro ; Sánchez, Amadeo ; Srbek-Araujo, Ana Carolina ; Ochoa, Ana Cecilia ; Oliveira, Ana Cristina Mendes ; Lacerda, Ana Cristyna Reis ; Campelo, Ana Kellen Nogueira ; Oliveira Paschoal, Ana Maria de; Costa, Ana Raíssa Cunha ; Meiga, Ana Yoko Ykeuti ; Jesus, Anamélia Souza ; Feijó, Anderson ; Hirsch, André ; Silva, André Luiz Ferreira da; Botelho, André Luis Moura ; Regolin, André Luis ; Lanna, André Monnerat ; Nunes, André Valle ; Kindel, Andreas ; Moraes, Andreia Magro ; Gatti, Andressa ; Noss, Andrew J. ; Nobre, Andrezza Bellotto ; Montanarin, Anelise ; Deffaci, Ângela Camila ; Albuquerque, Anna Carolina Figueiredo de; Oliveira, Anne Karoline de; Mangione, Antonio Marcelo ; Pontes, Antonio Rossano Mendes ; Bertoldi, Ariane Teixeira ; Calouro, Armando Muniz ; Desbiez, Arnaud L.J. ; Fernandes, Arthur ; Ferreguetti, Atilla Colombo ; Silva, Maria Augusta Andrade da; Zimbres, Barbara ; Luciano, Beatriz Fernandes Lima ; Thoisy, Benoit de; Niebuhr, Bernardo Brandão S. ; Papi, Bernardo ; Gómez-Valencia, Bibiana ; Santos, Bráulio A. ; Lima, Breno Campelo ; Oliveira, Bruna Gomes ; Santos, Bruna Silva ; Campos, Bruno Augusto Torres Parahyba ; Leles, Bruno ; Albuquerque França, Bruno Rodrigo de; Lim, Burton ; Oliveira, Caetano Troncoso ; Cantagallo, Camila ; Lara, Camila Clozato ; Lima, Camila Silveira ; Gestich, Carla Cristina ; Melo-Soares, Carla Danielle de; Peres, Carlos A. ; Kasper, Carlos Benhur ; Candia-Gallardo, Carlos ; Angelo, Carlos De; Fragoso, Carlos Eduardo ; Freitas, Carlos Henrique de; Salvador, Carlos Henrique ; Brocardo, Carlos R. ; Melo, Carolina Depolito ; Leuchtenberger, Caroline ; Braga, Caryne ; Sánchez-Lalinde, Catalina ; Bueno, Cecília ; Luna, Cecília Licarião ; Rojano, Cesar ; Hurtado, Cindy Meliza ; Santos, Cinthya Chiva dos; Tellaeche, Cintia ; Rosa, Clarissa ; Campos, Claudia Bueno de; Silva, Cláudia Regina ; Kanda, Claudia Zukeran ; Jenkins, Clinton N. ; McDonough, Colleen ; Trinca, Cristiano Trapé ; Cunha, Cristina Jaques da; Widmer, Cynthia Elisa ; Santos, Cyntia ; Buscariol, Daiane ; Carreira, Daiane Cristina ; Carvalho, Danianderson Rodrigues ; Silva Ferraz, Daniel da; Casali, Daniel ; Thornton, Daniel ; Vasconcellos, Daniela Rodrigues ; Barcelos, Daniele ; Brown, Danielle ; Ramos, Daniella Leal ; Moreira, Danielle Oliveira ; Yogui, Débora Regina ; Faria, Deborah ; Sana, Denis Alessio ; Mattia, Denise Lidoro de; Henz, Denison José ; Friedeberg, Diana B. ; Carvalho, Diana Letícia Kruger Pacheco ; Astúa, Diego ; Queirolo, Diego ; Varela, Diego M. ; Eaton, Donald P. ; Dias, Douglas Matos ; Rivadeneira, Edgar Federico ; Rocha, Ednaldo Cândido ; Abreu-Júnior, Edson Fiedler de; Carrano, Eduardo ; Santos, Eduardo Marques ; Setz, Eleonore Zulnara Freire ; Carvalho, Elildo Alves Ribeiro ; Almeida Chiquito, Elisandra de; Matos Cardoso, Elizandra de; Mendonça, Eloisa Neves ; Bastiani, Elvira D'; Vieira, Emerson M. ; Ramalho, Emiliano Esterci ; Guijosa-Guadarrama, Emiliano ; González, Enrique ; Maggiorini, Erica Vanessa ; Fischer, Erich ; Aguiar, Erick Francisco ; Castro, Érika Paula ; Peña-Cuéllar, Erika de la; Viveiros de Castro, Ernesto B. ; Brítez, Evelyn Beatriz ; Vanderhoeven, Ezequiel Andres ; Pedó, Ezequiel ; Rocha, Fabiana Lopes ; Girardi, Fabiane ; Oliveira Roque, Fabio de; Mazim, Fábio Dias ; Barros, Fabio Monteiro de; Martello, Felipe ; Fantacini, Felipe Moreli ; Pedrosa, Felipe ; Peters, Felipe Bortolotto ; Abra, Fernanda Delborgo ; Azevedo, Fernanda Cavalcanti de; Silva Santos, Fernanda da; Silva, Fernanda Guedes da; Teixeira, Fernanda Zimmermann ; Perini, Fernando Araujo ; Passos, Fernando C. ; Carvalho, Fernando ; Azevedo, Fernando Cesar Cascelli de; Pinho, Fernando Ferreira de; Gonçalves, Fernando ; Lima, Fernando ; Contreras-Moreno, Fernando M. ; Pedroni, Fernando ; Tortato, Fernando Rodrigo ; Santos, Filipe Pereira Rego ; Caruso, Flavia ; Tirelli, Flávia Pereira ; Miranda, Flávia Regina ; Rodrigues, Flávio Henrique Guimarães ; Ubaid, Flávio Kulaif ; Palmeira, Francesca Belem Lopes ; Silva, Franciane Almeida da; Grotta-Neto, Francisco ; Souza, Franco Leandro de; Costa, Francys Emanuelle ; Pérez-Garduza, Freddy ; Delsuc, Frédéric ; Lemos, Frederico ; Pinto, Fredy Ramirez ; Boaglio, Gabriel Ivan ; Massocato, Gabriel Fávero ; Preuss, Gabriel ; Hofmann, Gabriel Selbach ; Aguiar, Gabriel Lima ; Oliveira, Gabriela Schuck ; Duarte, Gabriela Teixeira ; Beca, Gabrielle ; Giné, Gastón Andrés Fernandez ; Batista, Graziele Oliveira ; Gil, Guillermo Eduardo ; Gonsioroski, Gustavo ; Secco, Helio ; Medeiros, Hugo Reis ; Coelho, Igor Pfeifer ; Franceschi, Ingridi Camboim ; Bernardi, Itiberê ; Torre, Antonio de la; Zocche, Jairo José ; Seibert, Jardel Brandão ; Faria Falcão, Jéssica Caroline de; Dias, Jéssica Helena Mangueira ; Nodari, Joana Zorzal ; Oliveira, João Alves ; Giovanelli, João Gabriel Ribeiro ; Favoretti, João Paulo Pandini ; Polisar, John ; Sponchiado, Jonas ; Cherem, Jorge José ; Ramírez, José Fernando Moreira ; Toledo, José Julio de; Duarte, José Maurício Barbanti ; Matos, Jose Roberto de; Arrabal, Juan Pablo ; Faria Oshima, Júlia Emi de; Ribeiro, Juliana Fernandes ; Bogoni, Juliano André ; Pacheco, Julio Javier Chacón ; Schuchmann, Karl L. ; Ferraz, Katia M.P.M.B. ; Santos Everton, Laís dos; Bailey, Larissa L. ; Gonçalves, Larissa Oliveira ; Cullen, Laury ; Andrade, Layla Reis de; Trevelin, Leonardo Carreira ; Bonjorne, Lilian ; Almeida Rodrigues, Livia de; Leuzinger, Lucas ; Perillo, Lucas Neves ; Araújo, Luciana Souza ; Hufnagel, Ludmila ; Ribeiro, Ludmilla Oliveira ; Bernardo, Luis Renato Rezende ; Oliveira-Santos, Luiz Gustavo Rodrigues ; Varzinczak, Luiz Henrique ; Borges, Luiz Henrique Medeiros ; Guimarães, Luiza Neves ; Möcklinghoff, Lydia ; Oliveira, Marcela Alvares ; Magioli, Marcelo ; Assis Jardim, Márcia Maria de; Oliveira, Márcio Leite de; Tortato, Marcos Adriano ; Dums, Marcos ; Iezzi, Maria Eugenia ; Pereira, Maria João Ramos ; Jorge, Maria Luísa ; Castro Morini, Maria Santina de; Landis, Mariana Bueno ; Xavier, Mariana Sampaio ; Barros, Marília A.S. ; Silva, Marina Lima da; Rivero, Marina ; Zanin, Marina ; Marques, Marinêz Isaac ; Alves, Mario Henrique ; Bitetti, Mario S. Di; Alvarez, Martín R. ; Graipel, Maurício Eduardo ; Godoi, Mauricio Neves ; Benedetti, Maximiliano Augusto ; Beltrão, Mayara Guimarães ; Monteiro, Miguel Coutinho Moretta ; Paula, Milton José de; Perilli, Miriam Lucia Lages ; Silva, Murillo Prado da; Villar, Nacho ; Albuquerque, Natasha Moraes De; Canassa, Nathália F. ; Filho, Newton Mota ; Rosa Oliveira, Nicole da; Pasqualotto, Nielson ; Cáceres, Nilton Carlos ; Attias, Nina ; Favarini, Marina Ochoa ; Ribeiro, Otávio Santi ; Gonçalves, Pablo Rodrigues ; Rocha, Patrício Adriano da; Condé, Paula Alves ; Akkawi, Paula ; Cruz, Paula ; Lira, Paula Koeler ; Ferreira, Paula Modenesi ; Arroyo-Gerala, Paulina ; Hartmann, Paulo Afonso ; Tarso Zuquim Antas, Paulo de; Marinho, Paulo Henrique ; Faria Peres, Pedro Henrique de; Peña-Mondragón, Juan Luis ; Lombardi, Pryscilla Moura ; Souza Laurindo, Rafael de; Alves, Rafael Souza Cruz ; Grangeiro, Raissa Danielle Praxedes ; Silva, Ramon Lima ; Beltrão-Mendes, Raone ; Bonikowski, Renata Twardowsky Ramalho ; Reppucci, Juan ; Arrais, Ricardo Corassa ; Sampaio, Ricardo ; Sartorello, Ricardo ; Bovendorp, Ricardo Siqueira ; McNab, Roan ; Hack, Robson Odeli Espíndola ; Magalhães, Rodolfo Assis ; Araújo, Rodrigo Costa ; Almeida Nobre, Rodrigo de; Pérez, Rodrigo Raúl León ; Massara, Rodrigo Lima ; Paula, Rogério Cunha de; Anleu, Rony García ; Marques, Rosane Vieira ; Dornas, Rubem ; Rolim, Samir Gonçalves ; Cavalcanti, Sandra M.C. ; Lima, Saulo Ramos ; Ballari, Sebastián A. ; Santamaría, Silvia Benito ; Silva, Sofia Marques ; Age, Stefani Gabrieli ; Godim, Tayana ; Sobral-Souza, Thadeu ; Maccarini, Thiago Bernardes ; Rodrigues, Thiago Ferreira ; Piovezan, Ubiratan ; Cunha Tavares, Valéria da; Quiroga, Verónica Andrea ; Krepschi, Victor Gasperotto ; Filho, Vilmar Picinatto ; Galvão Bastazini, Vinícius Augusto ; Oliveira Gasparotto, Vinicius Peron de; Orsini, Vinicius Santana ; Guedes Layme, Viviane Maria ; Hannibal, Wellington ; Dáttilo, Wesley ; Carvalho, William Douglas de; Loughry, William James ; Blanco, Yamil Edgardo Di; Núñez-Regueiro, Mauricio M. ; Giubbina, Marina Furlan ; Passamani, Marcelo ; Alagão Querido, Luciano Carramaschi de; Costa Toledo, Gustavo Alvez da; Ribeiro, Igor Kintopp ; Quintilham, Lucas ; Bustos, Soledad de; Maza, Javier de la; Lima Neto, Jorge Ferreira ; Kossel de Andrade Silva, Katyucha Von; Sartorello, Leonardo ; Rampim, Lilian Elaine ; Marás, Gustavo A. ; Camino, Micaela ; Freitas-Junior, Mozart ; Perovic, Pablo Gaston ; Paolino, Roberta Montanheiro ; Ferreira, Scarlat Dalva ; Towns, Valeria ; Esperandio, Isadora Beraldi ; Aximoff, Izar ; Beduschi, Júlia ; Guenther, Mariana ; Cassia Bianchi, Rita de; Keuroghlian-Eaton, Sean ; Mendes, Sérgio Lucena ; Fatima Cunha, Lerrane de; Cirignoli, Sebastián ; Ciocheti, Giordano ; Prado, Helena Alves do; Fernandes-Ferreira, Hugo ; Mendes de Sena, Liana Mara ; Yamane, Marcelo Hideki ; Brennand, Pamella G.G. ; Silva, Rayana Diniz da; Escobar, Santiago ; Endo, Whaldener ; Hurtado, Rafael Reyna ; Gontijo, Nila Rássia Costa ; Marsh, Laura K. ; Severo, Magnus Machado ; Pardo, Julia Martinez ; Costa, Sebastián Andrés ; Melo, Geruza Leal ; Santana, Gindomar Gomes ; Miranda Mourão, Guilherme de; Gaspari, Gustavo Gabirele ; Duarte, Herbert ; Cabral, Hugo ; Silva, Leonardo Henrique da; Mendonça, Luana ; Barbosa, Lucas Lobo ; Santos, Manuela Vieira dos; Moraes, Marcela Figuerêdo Duarte ; Gordo, Marcelo ; Versiani, Natalia Fraguas ; Cantero, Nicolás ; Pays, Olivier ; Guedes, Patrícia Gonçalves ; Colas-Rosas, Paul François ; Ribeiro, Paulo ; Renaud, Pierre Cyril ; Hoogesteijn, Rafael Jan ; Ayala, Rodrigo ; Cunha, Rogério Grassetto Teixeira da; Schaub, Roxane ; Laurito, Sabrina ; Betkowski, Samuel Eurich ; Cortez, Sara ; Silva, Shirley Seixas Pereira ; Oliveira, Tadeu Gomes de; Spironello, Wilson Roberto ; Gengler, Nicholas ; Hidalgo, Mircea Mihart ; Juárez, Rugieri ; Iglesias, Jesús A. ; Anacleto, Teresa Cristina ; Souza Fialho, Marcos de; Cavicchioli, Guilherme ; Beccato, Maria Angélica Barbosa ; Silva, Marcelo da; Neto, Omar Correia ; Lopes, Karine Galisteo Diemer ; Godoy, Leandro Perez ; Luiz, Micheli Ribeiro ; Rojas Bonzi, Viviana B. ; Ferreira, Guilherme Braga ; Oliveira, Marcelo Juliano Rabelo ; Hinojosa, Javier ; Oliveira, Luiz Flamarion Barbosa de; Nagy-Reis, Mariana Baldy ; Ramirez, Sixto Fernández ; Concone, Henrique Villas Boas ; Mourthe, Italo ; Martínez-Lanfranco, Juan A. ; Zanoni, Juliani Bruna ; Moreira, Tainah Cruz ; Guarderas, Zoila Vega ; Bazilio, Sérgio ; Cervini, Marcelo ; Pinheiro, Marcell Soares ; Morato, Ronaldo Gonçalves ; Peroni, Nivaldo ; Trigo, Tatiane Campos ; Machado, Ricardo Bomfim ; Gaspari, Fernando ; Koenemann, Joceleia G. ; Rudolf, Juan Carlos ; Benchimol, Maíra ; Vieira, Marcus Vinícius ; Retta, Lucía Martínez ; Santiago, Pablo Gerardo Fernández ; Ciccia, Paula Gonzalez ; Estrela, Pedro Cordeiro ; Carvalho, Santiago ; Esbérard, Carlos Eduardo Lustosa ; Cruz, Yaribeth Bravata de la; Castro-Prieto, Jessica ; Braga, Ricardo Miranda ; Cartes, Jose Luis ; Andrade-Núñez, María José ; Denkiewicz, Natalia Mariana ; Falconi, Nereyda ; Pezzuti, Juarez Carlos Brito ; Castillo Cordero, Hugo Fernando del; Sousa, Luziene Conceição de; Gaspari Júnior, Roque Lázaro de; Santos-Filho, Manoel ; Almeida, Josué Santos ; Thompson, Jeffrey J. ; Santos, Juliana Silveira dos; Pereira-Ribeiro, Juliane ; Burs, Kathrin ; Silva, Kena Ferrari Moreira da; Velilla, Marianela ; Silva, Marina Xavier da; Sancha, Noé U. de la; Pinheiro, Paula Fabiana ; Castilho, Pedro Volkmer de; Bercê, William ; Assis, Julia Camara ; Tonetti, Vinicius Rodrigues ; Alves-Eigenheer, Milene ; Chinem, Simonne ; Honda, Laura K. ; Godoy Bergallo, Helena de; Alberici, Vinicius ; Wallace, Robert ; Campos Krauer, Juan Manuel ; Ribeiro, Milton Cezar ; Galetti, Mauro - \ 2019
    Ecology 100 (2019)7. - ISSN 0012-9658
    biodiversity hotspot - cingulata - forest fragmentation - habitat loss - neotropical mammals - neotropical region - pilosa - xenarthra

    Xenarthrans—anteaters, sloths, and armadillos—have essential functions for ecosystem maintenance, such as insect control and nutrient cycling, playing key roles as ecosystem engineers. Because of habitat loss and fragmentation, hunting pressure, and conflicts with domestic dogs, these species have been threatened locally, regionally, or even across their full distribution ranges. The Neotropics harbor 21 species of armadillos, 10 anteaters, and 6 sloths. Our data set includes the families Chlamyphoridae (13), Dasypodidae (7), Myrmecophagidae (3), Bradypodidae (4), and Megalonychidae (2). We have no occurrence data on Dasypus pilosus (Dasypodidae). Regarding Cyclopedidae, until recently, only one species was recognized, but new genetic studies have revealed that the group is represented by seven species. In this data paper, we compiled a total of 42,528 records of 31 species, represented by occurrence and quantitative data, totaling 24,847 unique georeferenced records. The geographic range is from the southern United States, Mexico, and Caribbean countries at the northern portion of the Neotropics, to the austral distribution in Argentina, Paraguay, Chile, and Uruguay. Regarding anteaters, Myrmecophaga tridactyla has the most records (n = 5,941), and Cyclopes sp. have the fewest (n = 240). The armadillo species with the most data is Dasypus novemcinctus (n = 11,588), and the fewest data are recorded for Calyptophractus retusus (n = 33). With regard to sloth species, Bradypus variegatus has the most records (n = 962), and Bradypus pygmaeus has the fewest (n = 12). Our main objective with Neotropical Xenarthrans is to make occurrence and quantitative data available to facilitate more ecological research, particularly if we integrate the xenarthran data with other data sets of Neotropical Series that will become available very soon (i.e., Neotropical Carnivores, Neotropical Invasive Mammals, and Neotropical Hunters and Dogs). Therefore, studies on trophic cascades, hunting pressure, habitat loss, fragmentation effects, species invasion, and climate change effects will be possible with the Neotropical Xenarthrans data set. Please cite this data paper when using its data in publications. We also request that researchers and teachers inform us of how they are using these data

    ATLANTIC BIRD TRAITS: a data set of bird morphological traits from the Atlantic forests of South America
    Rodrigues, Rodolpho Credo ; Hasui, Érica ; Assis, Julia Camara ; Pena, João Carlos Castro ; Muylaert, Renata L. ; Tonetti, Vinicius Rodrigues ; Martello, Felipe ; Regolin, André Luis ; Vernaschi Vieira da Costa, Thiago ; Pichorim, Mauro ; Carrano, Eduardo ; Lopes, Leonardo Esteves ; Vasconcelos, Marcelo Ferreira de; Fontana, Carla Suertegaray ; Roos, Andrei Langeloh ; Gonçalves, Fernando ; Banks-Leite, Cristina ; Cavarzere, Vagner ; Efe, Marcio Amorim ; Alves, Maria Alice S. ; Uezu, Alexandre ; Metzger, Jean Paul ; Tarso Zuquim de Antas, Paulo de; Paschoaletto Micchi de Barros Ferraz, Katia Maria de; Calsavara, Larissa Corsini ; Bispo, Arthur Angelo ; Araujo, Helder F.P. ; Duca, Charles ; Piratelli, Augusto João ; Naka, Luciano N. ; Dias, Rafael Antunes ; Gatto, Cassiano A.F.R. ; Villegas Vallejos, Marcelo Alejandro ; Reis Menezes, Gregório dos; Bugoni, Leandro ; Rajão, Henrique ; Zocche, Jairo José ; Willrich, Guilherme ; Silva, Elsimar Silveira da; Manica, Lilian Tonelli ; Camargo Guaraldo, André de; Althmann, Giulyana ; Serafini, Patricia Pereira ; Francisco, Mercival Roberto ; Lugarini, Camile ; Machado, Caio Graco ; Marques-Santos, Fernando ; Bobato, Rafaela ; Souza, Elivan Arantes de; Donatelli, Reginaldo José ; Ferreira, Carolina Demetrio ; Morante-Filho, José Carlos ; Paes-Macarrão, Natalia Dantas ; Macarrão, Arthur ; Lima, Marcos Robalinho ; Jacoboski, Lucilene Inês ; Candia-Gallardo, Carlos ; Alegre, Vanesa Bejarano ; Jahn, Alex E. ; Camargo Barbosa, Karlla Vanessa de; Cestari, Cesar ; Silva, José Nilton da; Silveira, Natalia Stefanini da; Vara Crestani, Ana Cristina ; Petronetto, Adeliane Peterle ; Abreu Bovo, Alex Augusto ; Viana, Anderson Durão ; Araujo, Andrea Cardoso ; Santos, Andressa Hartuiq dos; Araújo do Amaral, Andreza Clarinda ; Ferreira, Ariane ; Vieira-Filho, Arnaldo Honorato ; Ribeiro, Bianca Costa ; Missagia, Caio C.C. ; Bosenbecker, Camila ; Bronzato Medolago, Cesar Augusto ; Rodriguez Espínola, Cid Rodrigo ; Faxina, Claudenice ; Campodonio Nunes, Cristiane Estrela ; Prates, Cristine ; Apolinario da Luz, Daniela Tomasio ; Moreno, Daniele Janina ; Mariz, Daniele ; Faria, Deborah ; Meyer, Douglas ; Doná, Eder Afonso ; Alexandrino, Eduardo Roberto ; Fischer, Erich ; Girardi, Fabiane ; Giese, Felipe Borba ; Santos Shibuya, Felipe Leonardo ; Faria, Fernando Azevedo ; Bittencourt de Farias, Fernando ; Lima Favaro, Fernando de; Ferneda Freitas, Fernando José ; Chaves, Flávia G. ; Guedes Las-Casas, Flor Maria ; Rosa, Gabriel L.M. ; Massaccesi de laTorre, Gabriel ; Bochio, Gabriela Menezes ; Bonetti, Giselle Evelise ; Kohler, Glauco ; Toledo-Lima, Guilherme Santos ; Plucenio, Gustavo Piletti ; Menezes, Ícaro ; Denóbile Torres, Ingrid Maria ; Carvalho Provinciato, Ivan Celso ; Viana, Ivan Réus ; Roper, James Joseph ; Persegona, Jaqueline Evelyn ; Barcik, Jean Júnior ; Martins-Silva, Jimi ; Gava Just, João Paulo ; Tavares-Damasceno, João Paulo ; Almeida Ferreira, João Ricardo de; Rodrigues Rosoni, Jonas Rafael ; Teixeira Falcon, José Eduardo ; Schaedler, Laura Maria ; Mathias, Leonardo Brioschi ; Deconto, Leonardo Rafael ; Cruz Rodrigues, Licléia da; Meyer, Marcela Afonso P. ; Repenning, Márcio ; Melo, Marcos Antônio ; Santos de Carvalho, Maria Amélia ; Rodrigues, Marcos ; Conti Nunes, Maria Flavia ; Ogrzewalska, Maria Halina ; Lopes Gonçalves, Mariana ; Vecchi, Maurício B. ; Bettio, Maurício ; Matta Baptista, Michelle Noronha da; Arantes, Murilo Sérgio ; Ruiz, Nicolás Luciano ; Bisetto de Andrade, Paulo Guilherme ; Lima Ribeiro, Pedro Henrique ; Galetti Junior, Pedro Manoel ; Macario, Phoeve ; Oliveira Fratoni, Rafael de; Meurer, Rafael ; Saint-Clair, Rafael S. ; Romagna, Rafael Spilere ; Alves Lacerda, Raquel Caroline ; Serpa Cerboncini, Ricardo Augusto ; Lyra, Ricardo Brioschi ; Lau, Ricardo ; Rodrigues, Roberta Costa ; Faria, Rogério Rodrigues ; Laps, Rudi Ricardo ; Althoff, Sérgio Luiz ; Jesus, Shayana de; Namba, Sumiko ; Braga, Talita Vieira ; Molin, Tamara ; França Câmara, Thanyria P. ; Enedino, Thayz Rodrigues ; Wischhoff, Uschi ; Oliveira, Vanessa Cristina de; Leandro-Silva, Victor ; Araújo-Lima, Vitor ; Oliveira Lunardi, Vitor de; Gusmão, Reginaldo Farias de; Souza Correia, Jozélia Maria de; Gaspar, Lucas P. ; Batista Fonseca, Renata Cristina ; Fonseca Pires Neto, Paulo Affonso ; Medeiros Morato de Aquino, Ana Carla ; Camargo, Bruna Betagni de; Cezila, Beatriz Azevedo ; Costa, Leonardo Marques ; Paolino, Roberta Montanheiro ; Kanda, Claudia Zukeran ; Monteiro, Erison C.S. ; Oshima, Júlia Emi F. ; Alves-Eigenheer, Milene ; Pizo, Marco Aurelio ; Silveira, Luís F. ; Galetti, Mauro ; Ribeiro, Milton Cezar - \ 2019
    Ecology 100 (2019)6. - ISSN 0012-9658
    body size - functional diversity - individual variation - interspecific variation - phenotypic plasticity - phylogenetic diversity - rapid evolution - tropical forest

    Scientists have long been trying to understand why the Neotropical region holds the highest diversity of birds on Earth. Recently, there has been increased interest in morphological variation between and within species, and in how climate, topography, and anthropogenic pressures may explain and affect phenotypic variation. Because morphological data are not always available for many species at the local or regional scale, we are limited in our understanding of intra- and interspecies spatial morphological variation. Here, we present the ATLANTIC BIRD TRAITS, a data set that includes measurements of up to 44 morphological traits in 67,197 bird records from 2,790 populations distributed throughout the Atlantic forests of South America. This data set comprises information, compiled over two centuries (1820–2018), for 711 bird species, which represent 80% of all known bird diversity in the Atlantic Forest. Among the most commonly reported traits are sex (n = 65,717), age (n = 63,852), body mass (n = 58,768), flight molt presence (n = 44,941), molt presence (n = 44,847), body molt presence (n = 44,606), tail length (n = 43,005), reproductive stage (n = 42,588), bill length (n = 37,409), body length (n = 28,394), right wing length (n = 21,950), tarsus length (n = 20,342), and wing length (n = 18,071). The most frequently recorded species are Chiroxiphia caudata (n = 1,837), Turdus albicollis (n = 1,658), Trichothraupis melanops (n = 1,468), Turdus leucomelas (n = 1,436), and Basileuterus culicivorus (n = 1,384). The species recorded in the greatest number of sampling localities are Basileuterus culicivorus (n = 243), Trichothraupis melanops (n = 242), Chiroxiphia caudata (n = 210), Platyrinchus mystaceus (n = 208), and Turdus rufiventris (n = 191). ATLANTIC BIRD TRAITS (ABT) is the most comprehensive data set on measurements of bird morphological traits found in a biodiversity hotspot; it provides data for basic and applied research at multiple scales, from individual to community, and from the local to the macroecological perspectives. No copyright or proprietary restrictions are associated with the use of this data set. Please cite this data paper when the data are used in publications or teaching and educational activities.

    ATLANTIC EPIPHYTES: a data set of vascular and non-vascular epiphyte plants and lichens from the Atlantic Forest
    Ramos, Flavio Nunes ; Mortara, Sara Ribeiro ; Monalisa-Francisco, Nathalia ; Elias, João Pedro Costa ; Neto, Luiz Menini ; Freitas, Leandro ; Kersten, Rodrigo ; Amorim, André Márcio ; Matos, Fernando Bittencourt ; Nunes-Freitas, André Felippe ; Alcantara, Suzana ; Alexandre, Marcia Helena Nagahama ; Almeida-Scabbia, Renata Jimenez de; Almeida, Odair José Garcia de; Alves, Fernanda Eliane ; Oliveira Alves, Rogério Marcos de; Alvim, Francine Seehaber ; Andrade, Antônio Carlos Silva de; Andrade, Simone de; Aona, Lidyanne Yuriko Saleme ; Araujo, Andréa Cardoso ; Araújo, Kelianne Carolina Targino de; Ariati, Vanessa ; Assis, Julia Camara ; Azevedo, Cecília Oliveira de; Barbosa, Bruno Ferreira ; Barbosa, Daniel Elias Ferreira ; Reis Barbosa, Fernando dos; Barros, Fabio de; Basilio, Geicilaine Alves ; Bataghin, Fernando Antonio ; Bered, Fernanda ; Bianchi, Juliana Santos ; Blum, Christopher Thomas ; Boelter, Carlos Renato ; Bonnet, Annete ; Brancalion, Pedro Henrique Santin ; Breier, Tiago Bӧer ; Toledo Brion, Caio de; Buzatto, Cristiano Roberto ; Cabral, Andressa ; Cadorin, Tiago João ; Caglioni, Eder ; Canêz, Luciana ; Cardoso, Pedro Henrique ; Carvalho, Fábia Silva de; Carvalho, Renan Gonçalves ; Catharino, Eduardo Luis Martins ; Ceballos, Sergio Javier ; Cerezini, Monise Terra ; César, Ricardo Gomes ; Cestari, Cesar ; Chaves, Cleber Juliano Neves ; Citadini-Zanette, Vanilde ; Coelho, Luiz Francisco Mello ; Coffani-Nunes, João Vicente ; Colares, Renato ; Colletta, Gabriel Dalla ; Medeiros Corrêa, Nadjara de; Ferreira da Costa, Andrea ; Costa, Grênivel Mota da; Costa, Laís Mara Santana ; Costa, Natália Gabriela Souza ; Couto, Dayvid Rodrigues ; Cristofolini, Caroline ; Rodrigues da Cruz, Ana Carolina ; Neri, Leopoldo Angelo Del; Pasquo, Mercedes di; Santos Dias, Aline dos; Carmo Dutra Dias, Letícia do; Dislich, Ricardo ; Duarte, Marília Cristina ; Fabricante, Juliano Ricardo ; Farache, Fernando H.A. ; Gelli de Faria, Ana Paula ; Faxina, Claudenice ; Terrola Martins Ferreira, Mariana ; Fischer, Erich ; Fonseca, Carlos Roberto ; Fontoura, Talita ; Francisco, Talitha Mayumi ; Furtado, Samyra Gomes ; Galetti, Mauro ; Garbin, Mário Luís ; Gasper, André Luís de; Goetze, Márcia ; Gomes-da-Silva, Janaína ; Gonçalves, Mateus Felipe Araujo ; Gonzaga, Diego Rafael ; Granero e Silva, Ana Carolina ; Camargo Guaraldo, André de; Souza Gomes Guarino, Ernestino de; Votri Guislon, Aline ; Bitencourt Hudson, Luigy ; Jardim, Jomar Gomes ; Jungbluth, Patricia ; Santos Kaeser, Selma dos; Musauer Kessous, Igor ; Mossmann Koch, Natália ; Kuniyoshi, Yoshiko Saito ; Labiak, Paulo Henrique ; Lapate, Maria Esther ; Laurenti Santos, Ana Carolina ; Barbosa Leal, Roberta Luísa ; Leite, Felipe Silveira ; Leitman, Paula ; Liboni, Ana Paula ; Liebsch, Dieter ; Lingner, Débora Vanessa ; Lombardi, Julio Antonio ; Lucas, Eve ; Reis Luzzi, Jhonny dos; Mai, Patricia ; Mania, Luiz Felipe ; Mantovani, Waldir ; Maragni, Angelica Guidoni ; Marques, Marcia Cristina Mendes ; Marquez, Gonzalo ; Martins, Cristiane ; Nascimento Martins, Laura do; Luiz Sanglard Silva Martins, Pedro ; Fregolente Faracco Mazziero, Frederico ; Aguiar Melo, Camila de; Fiuza de Melo, Maria Margarida ; Mendes, Alex Fernando ; Mesacasa, Letícia ; Cerdeira Morellato, Leonor Patricia ; Souza Moreno, Vanessa de; Muller, Adelcio ; Silva Murakami, Mariana Moreira da; Cecconello, Edinete ; Nardy, Camila ; Nervo, Michelle Helena ; Neves, Beatriz ; Guimarães Cardoso Nogueira, Matheus ; Nonato, Fabiana Regina ; Oliveira-Filho, Ary Teixeira de; Oliveira, César Pedro Lopes de; Overbeck, Gerhard Ernst ; Marcusso, Gabriel Mendes ; Paciencia, Mateus Luís Barradas ; Padilha, Patricia ; Padilha, Peterson Teodoro ; Pereira, Ana Clara Alves ; Pereira, Luciana Carvalho ; Pereira, Rodrigo Augusto Santinelo ; Pincheira-Ulbrich, Jimmy ; Pires, José Salatiel Rodrigues ; Pizo, Marco Aurélio ; Pôrto, Kátia Cavalcanti ; Rattis, Ludmila ; Rodrigues de Mendonça Reis, Joice ; Gonçalves dos Reis, Simone ; Rocha-Pessôa, Thereza Christina da; Rocha, Carlos Frederico Duarte ; Rocha, Fernando Souza ; Rodrigues, Alba Regina Pereira ; Rodrigues, Ricardo Ribeiro ; Rogalski, Juliana Marcia ; Rosanelli, Roberta Luiza ; Rossado, Andrés ; Rossatto, Davi Rodrigo ; Rother, Débora Cristina ; Ruiz-Miranda, Carlos Ramon ; Saiter, Felipe Zamborlini ; Sampaio, Mauricio Bonesso ; Santana, Lucas Deziderio ; Silveira dos Santos, Juliana ; Sartorello, Ricardo ; Sazima, Marlies ; Schmitt, Juliane Luzía ; Schneider, Geniane ; Schroeder, Bruna Grosch ; Sevegnani, Lucia ; Júnior, Vasconcelos Oliveira Silva ; Silva, Fernando Rodrigues da; Silva, Maria Juliana da; Silva, Mércia Patrícia Pereira ; Silva, Rafaela Guimarães ; Silva, Sandro Menezes ; Singer, Rodrigo Bustos ; Siqueira, Geovane ; Soares, Luis Eduardo ; Sousa, Hildeberto Caldas de; Spielmann, Adriano ; Tonetti, Vinicius Rodrigues ; Toniato, Maria Teresa Zugliani ; Ulguim, Paulo Sérgio Bordoni ; Berg, Cássio van den; Berg, Eduardo van den; Varassin, Isabela Galarda ; Silva, Izabela Bitencourt Veloso da; Vibrans, Alexander Christian ; Waechter, Jorge Luiz ; Weissenberg, Erick Willy ; Windisch, Paulo Günter ; Wolowski, Marina ; Yañez, Agustina ; Yoshikawa, Vania Nobuko ; Zandoná, Luciano Ramos ; Zanella, Camila Martini ; Zanin, Elisabete Maria ; Zappi, Daniela Cristina ; Zipparro, Valesca Bononi ; Zorzanelli, João Paulo Fernandes ; Ribeiro, Milton Cezar - \ 2019
    Ecology 100 (2019)2. - ISSN 0012-9658
    abundance - Atlantic Forest - biodiversity data set - biodiversity hotspot - epiphyte - phorophyte - presence/absence - tropical forest

    Epiphytes are hyper-diverse and one of the frequently undervalued life forms in plant surveys and biodiversity inventories. Epiphytes of the Atlantic Forest, one of the most endangered ecosystems in the world, have high endemism and radiated recently in the Pliocene. We aimed to (1) compile an extensive Atlantic Forest data set on vascular, non-vascular plants (including hemiepiphytes), and lichen epiphyte species occurrence and abundance; (2) describe the epiphyte distribution in the Atlantic Forest, in order to indicate future sampling efforts. Our work presents the first epiphyte data set with information on abundance and occurrence of epiphyte phorophyte species. All data compiled here come from three main sources provided by the authors: published sources (comprising peer-reviewed articles, books, and theses), unpublished data, and herbarium data. We compiled a data set composed of 2,095 species, from 89,270 holo/hemiepiphyte records, in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay, recorded from 1824 to early 2018. Most of the records were from qualitative data (occurrence only, 88%), well distributed throughout the Atlantic Forest. For quantitative records, the most common sampling method was individual trees (71%), followed by plot sampling (19%), and transect sampling (10%). Angiosperms (81%) were the most frequently registered group, and Bromeliaceae and Orchidaceae were the families with the greatest number of records (27,272 and 21,945, respectively). Ferns and Lycophytes presented fewer records than Angiosperms, and Polypodiaceae were the most recorded family, and more concentrated in the Southern and Southeastern regions. Data on non-vascular plants and lichens were scarce, with a few disjunct records concentrated in the Northeastern region of the Atlantic Forest. For all non-vascular plant records, Lejeuneaceae, a family of liverworts, was the most recorded family. We hope that our effort to organize scattered epiphyte data help advance the knowledge of epiphyte ecology, as well as our understanding of macroecological and biogeographical patterns in the Atlantic Forest. No copyright restrictions are associated with the data set. Please cite this Ecology Data Paper if the data are used in publication and teaching events.

    Modelling and mapping soil organic carbon stocks in Brazil
    Gomes, Lucas Carvalho ; Faria, Raiza Moniz ; Souza, Eliana de; Veloso, Gustavo Vieira ; Schaefer, Carlos Ernesto G.R. ; Filho, Elpídio Inácio Fernandes - \ 2019
    Geoderma 340 (2019). - ISSN 0016-7061 - p. 337 - 350.
    Machine learning - Protected areas - Random Forests - Soil carbon stock - Spatial prediction

    Brazil has extensive forests and savannas on deep weathered soils and plays a key role in the discussions about carbon sequestration, but the distribution of soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks up to 1 m depth has not been investigated in Brazil using machine learning techniques. In this study, we applied a methodological framework to optimize the prediction of SOC stocks for the entire Brazilian territory and determine how the environmental heterogeneity of Brazil influences the SOC stocks distribution. We used a legacy dataset of 8227 soil profiles which consisted of 37,693 samples. For each profile, the vertical distribution of SOC and bulk density were interpolated to standard depths (0–5, 5–15, 15–30, 30–60 and 60–100 cm) using mass preserving equal-area quadratic splines. The covariates database was composed of 74 variables including bioclimatic (temperature and precipitation) data, soil and biome maps, vegetation indexes and morphometric maps derived from a digital elevation model, with a 1 km spatial resolution. To obtain the best prediction performance, we tested four machine learning algorithms: Random Forests, Cubist, Generalized Linear Model Boosting and Support Vector Machines. Random Forests showed the best performance in predicting SOC stocks for all depths, with the highest performance at 30–60 cm for training (R 2 = 0.32) and validation (R 2 = 0.33); hence, it was selected for the spatial prediction of SOC stocks. The most important covariates selected by Random Forests using the recursive feature elimination were: soil class, sum of monthly mean temperature (SAMT), precipitation, slope height and vegetation indexes (NDVI, GPP). In total, Brazilian soils store approximately 71.3 PgC within the top 100 cm, where the first 0–30 cm contains almost 36 PgC. Approximately 31% of the total SOC stocks (22.2 PgC) occurs in protected areas (2.6 million km 2 ), which are not subjected to land use pressure and carbon losses. Although the Amazon biome has the highest amount of stored SOC (36.1 PgC), its soils do not represent a good potential for carbon accumulation. Among soil classes, the Luvisols showed the lowest SOC density (6.45 kg m −2 ) and the Histosols presented the highest values (14.87 kg m −2 ). More than 57% of the total SOC was found in nutrient-poor, deep-weathered Ferralsols and Acrisols, which are the dominant soils in Brazil. The presented methodological framework covers all steps of prediction process, building maps with known accuracy and has great potential to be used in future soil carbon inventories at large scales. Concerning conservation issues, the results highlight the importance of nature reserves for protecting SOC in the long-term.

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