Influence of nutrients involved in one-carbon metabolism on DNA methylation in adults-a systematic review and meta-analysis
Amenyah, Sophia D. ; Hughes, Catherine F. ; Ward, Mary ; Rosborough, Samuel ; Deane, Jennifer ; Thursby, Sara Jayne ; Walsh, Colum P. ; Kok, Dieuwertje E. ; Strain, J.J. ; McNulty, Helene ; Lees-Murdock, Diane J. - \ 2020
Nutrition Reviews 78 (2020)8. - ISSN 0029-6643 - p. 647 - 666.
B vitamins - DNA methylation - meta-analysis - systematic review
CONTEXT: Aberrant DNA methylation is linked to various diseases. The supply of methyl groups for methylation reactions is mediated by S-adenosylmethionine, which depends on the availability of folate and related B vitamins. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of key nutrients involved in 1-carbon metabolism on DNA methylation in adults. DATA SOURCES: Systematic literature searches were conducted in the Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature Plus, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. Studies that met the inclusion criteria and were published in English were included. DATA EXTRACTION: The first author, study design, sample size, population characteristics, type and duration of intervention, tissue type or cells analyzed, molecular techniques, and DNA methylation outcomes. DATA SYNTHESIS: A meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to investigate the effect of 1-carbon metabolism nutrients on global DNA methylation. Functional analysis and visualization were performed using BioVenn software. RESULTS: From a total of 2620 papers screened by title, 53 studies met the inclusion criteria. Qualitative analysis indicated significant associations between 1-carbon metabolism nutrients and DNA methylation. In meta-analysis of RCTs stratified by method of laboratory analysis, supplementation with folic acid alone or in combination with vitamin B12 significantly increased global DNA methylation in studies using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, which had markedly lower heterogeneity (n = 3; Z = 3.31; P = 0.0009; I2 = 0%) in comparison to other methods. Functional analysis highlighted a subset of 12 differentially methylated regions that were significantly related to folate and vitamin B12 biomarkers. CONCLUSION: This study supports significant associations between 1-carbon metabolism nutrients and DNA methylation. However, standardization of DNA methylation techniques is recommended to reduce heterogeneity and facilitate comparison across studies. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO registration number: CRD42018091898.
Criterion validity of assessment methods to estimate body composition in children with cerebral palsy : A systematic review
Snik, D.A.C. ; Roos, N.M. de - \ 2020
Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (2020). - ISSN 1877-0657
Bioelectrical impedance analysis - Cerebral palsy - Skinfold
Background: Poor nutritional status is a problem in a high number of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and impairs their well-being. Therefore, periodic assessment of nutritional status and especially body composition is essential. However, we lack consensus on the best method to assess body composition in clinical practice. Objective: We aimed to systematically review the available evidence on the criterion validity of equation-based skinfold measurement and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) to estimate body composition in children with CP. Methods: In a systematic review (MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and EMBASE), we identified studies that reported on the agreement between the estimation of body composition by equations of skinfold thickness or impedance values of BIA with a gold standard (isotope techniques or dual-energy-X-ray-absorptiometry [DXA]) in children with CP. We included only studies that provided correlations or agreement between estimations of body compartments (e.g., percentage body fat [%BF] or fat mass). Limits of agreement of 2.5%BF points were considered acceptable. Study quality was assessed by using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2. Results: We included reports of 9 studies describing 3 skinfold equations and 4 equations to estimate body composition with BIA. Neither skinfold equations nor BIA could be reliably used to assess body composition in an individual child with CP at one point in time. On a population level, the Gurka skinfold equation was valid in ambulant children with CP, and the Kushner and Fjeld BIA equations were valid in a heterogeneous group of children with CP. Conclusions The future role of skinfold equations and BIA to assess and monitor body composition in an individual child with CP needs to be further investigated.
Global monitoring of antimicrobial resistance based on metagenomics analyses of urban sewage
Hendriksen, Rene S. ; Munk, Patrick ; Njage, Patrick ; Bunnik, Bram Van; Mcnally, Luke ; Lukjancenko, Oksana ; Röder, Timo ; Nieuwenhuijse, David ; Pedersen, Susanne Karlsmose ; Kjeldgaard, Jette ; Kaas, Rolf S. ; Clausen, Philip Thomas Lanken Conradsen ; Vogt, Josef Korbinian ; Leekitcharoenphon, Pimlapas ; De Schans, Milou G.M. Van; Zuidema, Tina ; Roda Husman, Ana Maria De; Rasmussen, Simon ; Petersen, Bent ; Amid, Clara ; Cochrane, Guy ; Sicheritz-ponten, Thomas ; Schmitt, Heike ; Alvarez, Jorge Raul Matheu ; Aidara-kane, Awa ; Pamp, Sünje J. ; Lund, Ole ; Hald, Tine ; Woolhouse, Mark ; Koopmans, Marion P. ; Vigre, Håkan ; Petersen, Thomas Nordahl ; Aarestrup, Frank M. - \ 2019
Nature Communications 10 (2019)1. - ISSN 2041-1723 - 12 p.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a serious threat to global public health, but obtaining representative data on AMR for healthy human populations is difficult. Here, we use meta-genomic analysis of untreated sewage to characterize the bacterial resistome from 79 sites in 60 countries. We find systematic differences in abundance and diversity of AMR genes between Europe/North-America/Oceania and Africa/Asia/South-America. Antimicrobial use data and bacterial taxonomy only explains a minor part of the AMR variation that we observe. We find no evidence for cross-selection between antimicrobial classes, or for effect of air travel between sites. However, AMR gene abundance strongly correlates with socio-economic, health and environmental factors, which we use to predict AMR gene abundances in all countries in the world. Our findings suggest that global AMR gene diversity and abundance vary by region, and that improving sanitation and health could potentially limit the global burden of AMR. We propose metagenomic analysis of sewage as an ethically acceptable and economically feasible approach for continuous global surveillance and prediction of AMR.
Efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions to treat malnutrition in older persons : A systematic review and meta-analysis. The SENATOR project ONTOP series and MaNuEL knowledge hub project
Correa-Pérez, Andrea ; Abraha, Iosef ; Cherubini, Antonio ; Collinson, Avril ; Dardevet, Dominique ; Groot, Lisette C.P.G.M. de; Schueren, Marian A.E. van der; Hebestreit, Antje ; Hickson, Mary ; Jaramillo-Hidalgo, Javier ; Lozano-Montoya, Isabel ; O'Mahony, Denis ; Soiza, Roy L. ; Visser, Marjolein ; Volkert, Dorothee ; Wolters, Maike ; Jentoft, Alfonso J.C. - \ 2019
Ageing Research Reviews 49 (2019). - ISSN 1568-1637 - p. 27 - 48.
Elderly, dietary supplementation - Protein energy malnutrition - Review, systematic
Introduction: We aimed to perform a review of SRs of non-pharmacological interventions in older patients with well-defined malnutrition using relevant outcomes agreed by a broad panel of experts. Methods: PubMed, Cochrane, EMBASE, and CINHAL databases were searched for SRs. Primary studies from those SRs were included. Quality assessment was undertaken using Cochrane and GRADE criteria. Results: Eighteen primary studies from seventeen SRs were included. Eleven RCTs compared oral nutritional supplementation (ONS) with usual care. No beneficial effects of ONS treatment, after performing two meta-analysis in body weight changes (six studies), mean difference: 0.59 (95%CI -0.08, 1.96) kg, and in body mass index changes (two studies), mean difference: 0.31 (95%CI -0.17, 0.79) kg/m2 were found. Neither in MNA scores, muscle strength, activities of daily living, timed Up&Go, quality of life and mortality. Results of other intervention studies (dietary counselling and ONS, ONS combined with exercise, nutrition delivery systems) were inconsistent. The overall quality of the evidence was very low due to risk of bias and small sample size. Conclusions: This review has highlighted the lack of high quality evidence to indicate which interventions are effective in treating malnutrition in older people. High quality research studies are urgently needed in this area.
Energy and Protein Intake of Alzheimer's Disease Patients Compared to Cognitively Normal Controls : Systematic Review
Doorduijn, Astrid S. ; Rest, Ondine van de; Flier, Wiesje M. van der; Visser, Marjolein ; Schueren, Marian A.E. de van der - \ 2019
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association 20 (2019)1. - ISSN 1525-8610 - p. 14 - 21.
malnutrition - mild cognitive impairment - Older adults
Objectives: Protein and energy malnutrition and unintended weight loss are frequently reported in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Possible underlying mechanisms include increased energy expenditure, altered uptake of nutrients, a reduced nutritional intake, or a combination of these 3. We aimed at systematically reviewing the literature to examine potential differences in energy and protein intake in patients with MCI and AD compared to controls as a possible mechanism for unintended weight loss. Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Setting: PubMed and Cochrane Electronic databases were searched from inception to September 2017 for case control studies. Participants: Patients with MCI or AD compared to cognitive healthy controls, all adhering to a Western dietary pattern. Measurements: Energy and protein intake. Results: The search resulted in 7 articles on patients with AD versus controls, and none on patients with MCI. Four articles found no differences in energy and protein intakes, 1 found higher intakes in patients with AD, and 1 article found lower intakes in patients with AD compared to controls. One article reported on intakes, but did not test differences. A meta-analysis of the results indicated no difference between patients with AD and controls in energy [−8 kcal/d, 95% confidence interval (CI): −97, 81; P = .85], or protein intake (2 g/d, 95% CI: −4, 9; P = .47). However, heterogeneity was high (I2 > 70%), and study methodology was generally poor or moderate. Conclusion: Contrary to frequently reported unintended weight loss, our systematic review does not provide evidence for a lower energy or protein intake in patients with AD compared to controls. High heterogeneity of the results as well as of participant characteristics, setting, and study methods was observed. High-quality studies are needed to study energy and protein intake as a possible mechanism for unintended weight loss and malnutrition in both patients with MCI and AD.
Effectiveness of Probiotics in Children with Functional Abdominal Pain Disorders and Functional Constipation A Systematic Review
Wegh, Carrie A.M. ; Benninga, Marc A. ; Tabbers, Merit M. - \ 2018
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology 52 (2018)supp. 1. - ISSN 0192-0790 - p. S10 - S26.
children - functional gastrointestinal disorders - gut microbiota - probiotics
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of probiotics on functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPD) and functional constipation (FC). Methods: A systematic review was conducted, searching PubMed and Cochrane databases from inception to January 2018 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the efficacy of probiotics in children aged 4 to 18 years with FAPD or children aged 0 to 18 years with FC. Results: A total of 657 citations were identified. Finally, 11 RCTs for FAPD and 6 RCTs for FC were included. Some evidence exists for Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (n=3) in reducing frequency and intensity of abdominal pain in children with irritable bowel syndrome. There is no evidence to recommend L. reuteri DSM 17938 (n=5), a mix of Bifidobacterium infantis, Bifidobacterium breve and Bifidobacterium longum (n=1), Bifidobacterium lactis (n=1) or VSL#3 (n=1) for children with FAPD. No evidence exists to support the use of Lactobacillus casei rhamnosus LCR35 (n=1), B. lactis DN173 010 (n=1), B. longum (n=1), L. reuteri DSM 17938 (n=1), a mix of B. infantis, B. breve and B. longum (n=1), or Protexin mix (n=1) for children with FC. In general, studies had an unclear or high risk of bias. Conclusions: Insufficient evidence exists for the use of probiotics in FAPD and FC, only L. rhamnosus GG seems to reduce frequency and intensity of abdominal pain but only in children with irritable bowel syndrome. A better understanding of differences in gut microbiota in health and disease might lead to better probiotic strategies to treat disease.
Maternal circulating vitamin status and colostrum vitamin composition in healthy lactating women—A systematic approach
Vries, Jasmijn Y. de; Pundir, Shikha ; McKenzie, Elizabeth ; Keijer, Jaap ; Kussmann, Martin - \ 2018
Nutrients 10 (2018)6. - ISSN 2072-6643
Colostrum - Human milk - Infant - Plasma - Vitamins
Colostrum is the first ingested sole nutritional source for the newborn infant. The vitamin profile of colostrum depends on the maternal vitamin status, which in turn is influenced by diet and lifestyle. Yet, the relationship between maternal vitamin status and colostrum vitamin composition has not been systematically reviewed. This review was conducted with the aim to generate a comprehensive overview on the relationship between maternal serum (plasma) vitamin concentration and corresponding colostrum composition. Three electronic databases, Embase (Ovid), Medline (Ovid), and Cochrane, were systematically searched based on predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Finally, a total of 11 eligible publications were included that examined the vitamins A, C, D, E, and K in both biological fluids. Maternal vitamin A, D, E, and K blood levels were unrelated to colostrum content of the respective vitamins, and serum vitamin A was inversely correlated with colostrum vitamin E. Colostrum versus maternal serum vitamins were higher for vitamins A, C, and K, lower for vitamin D, and divergent results were reported for vitamin E levels. Colostrum appears typically enriched in vitamin A, C, and K compared to maternal serum, possibly indicative of active mammary gland transport mechanisms. Inter-individual and inter-study high variability in colostrum’s vitamin content endorses its sensitivity to external factors.
The effect of vitamin B12 and folic acid supplementation on routine haematological parameters in older people : an individual participant data meta-analysis
Smelt, Antonia F.H. ; Gussekloo, Jacobijn ; Bermingham, Lynette W. ; Allen, Elizabeth ; Dangour, Alan D. ; Eussen, Simone J.P.M. ; Favrat, Bernard ; Groot, Lisette C.P.G.M. de; Kok, Frans J. ; Kwok, Timothy ; Mangoni, Arduino A. ; Ntaios, George ; Rest, Ondine van de; Seal, Eric ; Vaucher, Paul ; Verhoef, Petra ; Stijnen, Theo ; Elzen, Wendy P.J. Den - \ 2018
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 72 (2018)6. - ISSN 0954-3007 - p. 785 - 795.
Background/objectives: Low vitamin B12 and folate levels in community-dwelling older people are usually corrected with supplements. However, the effect of this supplementation on haematological parameters in older persons is not known. Therefore, we executed a systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis of randomised placebo-controlled trials (RCTs). Subjects/methods: We performed a systematic search in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane and CENTRAL for RCTs published between January 1950 and April 2016, where community-dwelling elderly (60+ years) who were treated with vitamin B12 or folic acid or placebo. The presence of anaemia was not required. We analysed the data on haematological parameters with a two-stage IPD meta-analysis. Results: We found 494 full papers covering 14 studies. Data were shared by the authors of four RCTs comparing vitamin B12 with placebo (n = 343) and of three RCTs comparing folic acid with placebo (n = 929). We found no effect of vitamin B12 supplementation on haemoglobin (change 0.00 g/dL, 95% CI: −0.19;0.18), and no effect of folic acid supplementation (change −0.09 g/dL, 95% CI: −0.19;0.01). The effects of supplementation on other haematological parameters were similar. The effects did not differ by sex or by age group. Also, no effect was found in a subgroup of patients with anaemia and a subgroup of patients who were treated >4 weeks. Conclusions: Evidence on the effects of supplementation of low concentrations of vitamin B12 and folate on haematological parameters in community-dwelling older people is inconclusive. Further research is needed before firm recommendations can be made concerning the supplementation of vitamin B12 and folate.
Maintenance interventions in overweight or obese children : A systematic review and meta-analysis
Heijden, L.B. van der; Feskens, E.J.M. ; Janse, A.J. - \ 2018
Obesity Reviews 19 (2018)6. - ISSN 1467-7881 - p. 798 - 808.
Aftercare - Childhood obesity - Maintenance - Treatment
Childhood obesity is associated with significant health consequences. Although several intervention programmes for children result in weight loss or stabilization in the short-term, preventing relapse after treatment remains an important challenge. This systematic review summarizes the evidence about maintenance interventions after treatment in childhood obesity. Studies were identified by searching PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, CINAHL and SocINDEX. The primary outcome measure for this review was body mass index standard deviation score (BMI-Z-score). Data were pooled using quality effect models. Eleven studies (1,532 participants, age 2-18 years) were included, covering a wide range of maintenance approaches. Included studies varied widely in methodological quality. Pooled analysis showed that the BMI-Z-score of maintenance intervention participants remained stable, whereas control participants experienced a slight increase. No differences were observed regarding intensity and duration of therapy. A slight preference for 'face-to-face' versus 'on distance' interventions was shown. In summary, this review shows that, although there is limited quality data to recommend one maintenance intervention over another, continued treatment does have a stabilizing effect on BMI-Z-score. Considering the magnitude of the problem of childhood obesity, this is an important finding that highlights the need for further research on weight loss maintenance.
Minimum information about a single amplified genome (MISAG) and a metagenome-assembled genome (MIMAG) of bacteria and archaea
Bowers, Robert M. ; Kyrpides, Nikos C. ; Stepanauskas, Ramunas ; Harmon-Smith, Miranda ; Doud, Devin ; Reddy, T.B.K. ; Schulz, Frederik ; Jarett, Jessica ; Rivers, Adam R. ; Eloe-Fadrosh, Emiley A. ; Tringe, Susannah G. ; Ivanova, Natalia N. ; Copeland, Alex ; Clum, Alicia ; Becraft, Eric D. ; Malmstrom, Rex R. ; Birren, Bruce ; Podar, Mircea ; Bork, Peer ; Weinstock, George M. ; Garrity, George M. ; Dodsworth, Jeremy A. ; Yooseph, Shibu ; Sutton, Granger ; Glöckner, Frank O. ; Gilbert, Jack A. ; Nelson, William C. ; Hallam, Steven J. ; Jungbluth, Sean P. ; Ettema, Thijs J.G. ; Tighe, Scott ; Konstantinidis, Konstantinos T. ; Liu, Wen Tso ; Baker, Brett J. ; Rattei, Thomas ; Eisen, Jonathan A. ; Hedlund, Brian ; McMahon, Katherine D. ; Fierer, Noah ; Knight, Rob ; Finn, Rob ; Cochrane, Guy ; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene ; Tyson, Gene W. ; Rinke, Christian ; Lapidus, Alla ; Meyer, Folker ; Yilmaz, Pelin ; Parks, Donovan H. ; Eren, A.M. - \ 2017
Nature Biotechnology 35 (2017)8. - ISSN 1087-0156 - p. 725 - 731.
We present two standards developed by the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) for reporting bacterial and archaeal genome sequences. Both are extensions of the Minimum Information about Any (x) Sequence (MIxS). The standards are the Minimum Information about a Single Amplified Genome (MISAG) and the Minimum Information about a Metagenome-Assembled Genome (MIMAG), including, but not limited to, assembly quality, and estimates of genome completeness and contamination. These standards can be used in combination with other GSC checklists, including the Minimum Information about a Genome Sequence (MIGS), Minimum Information about a Metagenomic Sequence (MIMS), and Minimum Information about a Marker Gene Sequence (MIMARKS). Community-wide adoption of MISAG and MIMAG will facilitate more robust comparative genomic analyses of bacterial and archaeal diversity.
Automated assembly of species metabolomes through data submission into a public repository
Salek, Reza ; Conesa, Pablo ; Cochrane, Keeva ; Haug, Kenneth ; Williams, M. ; Kale, Namrata ; Moreno, P. ; Jayaseelan, Kalai Vanii ; Macias, Jose Ramon ; Nainala, Venkata Chandrasekhar ; Hall, R.D. ; Reed, Laura ; Viant, Mark ; Donovan, C. ; Steinbeck, Christoph - \ 2017
GigaScience 6 (2017)8. - ISSN 2047-217X - 4 p.
Following similar global efforts to exchange genomic and other biomedical data, global databases in metabolomics have now been established. MetaboLights, the first general purpose, publically available, cross-species, cross-application database in metabolomics, has become the fastest growing data repository at the European Bioinformatics Institute in terms of data volume. Here we present the automated assembly of species metabolomes in MetaboLights, a crucial reference for chemical biology, which is growing through user submissions.
UniEuk: Time to Speak a Common Language in Protistology!
Berney, Cédric ; Ciuprina, Andreea ; Bender, Sara ; Brodie, Juliet ; Edgcomb, Virginia ; Kim, Eunsoo ; Rajan, Jeena ; Wegener Parfrey, Laura ; Adl, Sina ; Audic, Stéphane ; Bass, David ; Caron, David A. ; Cochrane, Guy ; Czech, Lucas ; Dunthorn, Micah ; Geisen, Stefan - \ 2017
Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 64 (2017)3. - ISSN 1066-5234 - p. 407 - 411.
Community expertise - Diversity - Eukaryotes - EukBank - EukMap - EukRef - Taxonomy
Universal taxonomic frameworks have been critical tools to structure the fields of botany, zoology, mycology, and bacteriology as well as their large research communities. Animals, plants, and fungi have relatively solid, stable morpho-taxonomies built over the last three centuries, while bacteria have been classified for the last three decades under a coherent molecular taxonomic framework. By contrast, no such common language exists for microbial eukaryotes, even though environmental '-omics' surveys suggest that protists make up most of the organismal and genetic complexity of our planet's ecosystems! With the current deluge of eukaryotic meta-omics data, we urgently need to build up a universal eukaryotic taxonomy bridging the protist -omics age to the fragile, centuries-old body of classical knowledge that has effectively linked protist taxa to morphological, physiological, and ecological information. UniEuk is an open, inclusive, community-based and expert-driven international initiative to build a flexible, adaptive universal taxonomic framework for eukaryotes. It unites three complementary modules, EukRef, EukBank, and EukMap, which use phylogenetic markers, environmental metabarcoding surveys, and expert knowledge to inform the taxonomic framework. The UniEuk taxonomy is directly implemented in the European Nucleotide Archive at EMBL-EBI, ensuring its broad use and long-term preservation as a reference taxonomy for eukaryotes.
The impact of dietary protein or amino acid supplementation on muscle mass and strength in elderly people : Individual participant data and meta-analysis of RCT’s
Tieland, M. ; Franssen, R. ; Dullemeijer, C. ; Dronkelaar, C. van; Kim, H.K. ; Ispoglou, T. ; Zhu, K. ; Prince, R.L. ; Loon, L.J.C. van; Groot, Lisette C.P.G.M. de - \ 2017
Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging 21 (2017)9. - ISSN 1279-7707 - p. 994 - 1001.
Objectives: Increasing protein or amino acid intake has been promoted as a promising strategy to increase muscle mass and strength in elderly people, however, long-term intervention studies show inconsistent findings. Therefore, we aim to determine the impact of protein or amino acid supplementation compared to placebo on muscle mass and strength in older adults by combining the results from published trials in a metaanalysis and pooled individual participant data analysis. Design: We searched Medline and Cochrane databases and performed a meta-analysis on eight available trials on the effect of protein or amino acid supplementation on muscle mass and strength in older adults. Furthermore, we pooled individual data of six of these randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trials. The main outcomes were change in lean body mass and change in muscle strength for both the meta-analysis and the pooled analysis. Results: The meta-analysis of eight studies (n=557) showed no significant positive effects of protein or amino acid supplementation on lean body mass (mean difference: 0.014 kg: 95% CI -0.152; 0.18), leg press strength (mean difference: 2.26 kg: 95% CI -0.56; 5.08), leg extension strength (mean difference: 0.75 kg: 95% CI: -1.96, 3.47) or handgrip strength (mean difference: -0.002 kg: 95% CI -0.182; 0.179). Likewise, the pooled analysis showed no significant difference between protein and placebo treatment on lean body mass (n=412: p=0.78), leg press strength (n=121: p=0.50), leg extension strength (n=121: p=0.16) and handgrip strength (n=318: p=0.37). Conclusions: There is currently no evidence to suggest that protein or amino acid supplementation without concomitant nutritional or exercise interventions increases muscle mass or strength in predominantly healthy elderly people.
Denial of long-term issues with agriculture on tropical peatlands will have devastating consequences
Wijedasa, Lahiru S. ; Jauhiainen, Jyrki ; Könönen, Mari ; Lampela, Maija ; Vasander, Harri ; Leblanc, Marie-Claire ; Evers, Stephanie ; Smith, Thomas E.L. ; Yule, Catherine M. ; Varkkey, Helena ; Lupascu, Massimo ; Parish, Faizal ; Singleton, Ian ; Clements, Gopalasamy R. ; Aziz, Sheema Abdul ; Harrison, Mark E. ; Cheyne, Susan ; Anshari, Gusti Z. ; Meijaard, Erik ; Goldstein, Jenny E. ; Waldron, Susan ; Hergoualc'h, Kristell ; Dommain, Rene ; Frolking, Steve ; Evans, Christopher D. ; Posa, Mary Rose C. ; Glaser, Paul H. ; Suryadiputra, Nyoman ; Lubis, Reza ; Santika, Truly ; Padfield, Rory ; Kurnianto, Sofyan ; Hadisiswoyo, Panut ; Lim, Teck Wyn ; Page, Susan E. ; Gauci, Vincent ; Meer, Peter J. Van Der; Buckland, Helen ; Garnier, Fabien ; Samuel, Marshall K. ; Choo, Liza Nuriati Lim Kim ; O'reilly, Patrick ; Warren, Matthew ; Suksuwan, Surin ; Sumarga, Elham ; Jain, Anuj ; Laurance, William F. ; Couwenberg, John ; Joosten, Hans ; Vernimmen, Ronald ; Hooijer, Aljosja ; Malins, Chris ; Cochrane, Mark A. ; Perumal, Balu ; Siegert, Florian ; Peh, Kelvin S.H. ; Comeau, Louis-Pierre ; Verchot, Louis ; Harvey, Charles F. ; Cobb, Alex ; Jaafar, Zeehan ; Wösten, Henk ; Manuri, Solichin ; Müller, Moritz ; Giesen, Wim ; Phelps, Jacob ; Yong, Ding Li ; Silvius, Marcel ; Wedeux, Béatrice M.M. ; Hoyt, Alison ; Osaki, Mitsuru ; Hirano, Takashi ; Takahashi, Hidenori ; Kohyama, Takashi S. ; Haraguchi, Akira ; Nugroho, Nunung P. ; Coomes, David A. ; Quoi, Le Phat ; Dohong, Alue ; Gunawan, Haris ; Gaveau, David L.A. ; Langner, Andreas ; Lim, Felix K.S. ; Edwards, David P. ; Giam, Xingli ; Werf, Guido Van Der; Carmenta, Rachel ; Verwer, Caspar C. ; Gibson, Luke ; Gandois, Laure ; Graham, Laura Linda Bozena ; Regalino, Jhanson ; Wich, Serge A. ; Rieley, Jack ; Kettridge, Nicholas ; Brown, Chloe ; Pirard, Romain ; Moore, Sam ; Capilla, B.R. ; Ballhorn, Uwe ; Ho, Hua Chew ; Hoscilo, Agata ; Lohberger, Sandra ; Evans, Theodore A. ; Yulianti, Nina ; Blackham, Grace ; Onrizal, O. ; Husson, Simon ; Murdiyarso, Daniel ; Pangala, Sunita ; Cole, Lydia E.S. ; Tacconi, Luca ; Segah, Hendrik ; Tonoto, Prayoto ; Lee, Janice S.H. ; Schmilewski, Gerald ; Wulffraat, Stephan ; Putra, Erianto Indra ; Cattau, Megan E. ; Clymo, R.S. ; Morrison, Ross ; Mujahid, Aazani ; Miettinen, Jukka ; Liew, Soo Chin ; Valpola, Samu ; Wilson, David ; Arcy, Laura D'; Gerding, Michiel ; Sundari, Siti ; Thornton, Sara A. ; Kalisz, Barbara ; Chapman, Stephen J. ; Su, Ahmad Suhaizi Mat ; Basuki, Imam ; Itoh, Masayuki ; Traeholt, Carl ; Sloan, Sean ; Sayok, Alexander K. ; Andersen, Roxane - \ 2017
Global Change Biology 23 (2017)3. - ISSN 1354-1013 - p. 977 - 982.
The first International Peat Congress (IPC) held in the tropics – in Kuching (Malaysia) – brought together over 1000 international peatland scientists and industrial partners from across the world (“International Peat Congress with over 1000 participants!,” 2016). The congress covered all aspects of peatland ecosystems and their management, with a strong focus on the environmental, societal and economic challenges associated with contemporary large-scale agricultural conversion of tropical peat.
Dietary sodium intake and overweight and obesity in children and adults : A protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
Grimes, Carley A. ; Bolhuis, Dieuwerke P. ; He, Feng J. ; Nowson, Caryl A. - \ 2016
Systematic Reviews 5 (2016). - ISSN 2046-4053
Adiposity - Body mass index - Body weight - Dietary salt - Dietary sodium - Obesity - Sodium chloride - Sugar-sweetened beverage
Background: Overweight and obesity in children and adults is a major public health concern. Emerging evidence suggests dietary sodium intake may be associated with obesity. This systematic review and meta-analysis will aim to (i) assess the relation between dietary sodium intake and measures of adiposity in children and adults and (ii) examine the relation between sodium intake and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption, which is a known risk factor for obesity. Methods/design: An electronic search will be conducted using Medline Complete, CINAHL, Scopus, Embase and Cochrane central register of controlled trials (CENTRAL). The search strategy will identify published peer-reviewed articles that report on dietary sodium and either a marker of adiposity or SSB consumption. Only human studies (ages >1 year) in English will be included, and no limits will be placed on publication date. No restrictions will be placed on the method of sodium intake assessment. Cross-sectional, prospective studies, and randomised controlled trials with a duration of ≥3 months will be included. Studies with participants with renal disease, cancer, type 1 diabetes or heart failure or who are pregnant will be excluded. To assess the quality of studies, the Cochrane's Collaboration tool for assessing risk of bias in randomised trials will be used for randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and the modified Newcastle-Ottawa Scale will be used for cross-sectional and prospective studies. Meta-analysis will be used to assess the relation of sodium intake with two primary outcomes: (i) BMI and body weight in adults and BMI z-score in children and (ii) weight category (i.e. healthy weight vs. overweight/obese). For any outcomes in which meta-analysis is not possible, we will present data as a systematic review. Findings will be grouped and reported separately for children and adolescents (ages 1-17 years) and adults (ages >18 years). Discussion: This review and meta-analysis will provide insight into the relation between dietary sodium intake and overweight and obesity. This information can be used to inform public health policies which target population sodium consumption. Systematic review registration: Prospero CRD42015016440.
The timing of complementary feeding in preterm infants and the effect on overweight: study protocol for a systematic review
Vissers, Karin M. ; Feskens, E.J.M. ; Goudoever, H. van; Janse, A. - \ 2016
Systematic Reviews 5 (2016)1. - ISSN 2046-4053
In term infants, there is evidence that early complementary feeding is a risk factor for childhood obesity. Therefore, timely introduction of complementary feeding during infancy is necessary. The World Health Organization (WHO) and European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) both developed recommendations for the start of complementary feeding for term-born infants. However, these guidelines cannot be directly translated to preterm infants. Recent literature looking at the introduction of complementary feeding in preterm infants gives contrasting information. Given these contrasting reports on the introduction of solid foods in premature born infants, a systematic review is needed. The primary objective of this study is to analyze the effect of the time starting complementary feeding on overweight (including obesity) in preterm infants.
An electronic systematic literature search with pre-defined terms will be conducted in Cochrane, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, and CINAHL. There will be no restriction for time period. Primarily, data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) will be included in this systematic review. Search terms will include preterm infants, complementary feeding, overweight, and their synonyms. Article selection, including risk of bias assessment, will be performed by three reviewers independently. Body mass index standard deviation score (BMI-SDS or BMI-Z-score) will be used to compare studies. The consistency of results across the studies will influence the decision whether or not to combine results in a meta-analysis. Studies that cannot be included in the meta-analysis will be described in a narrative analysis.
This systematic review will give an overview of the existing knowledge on the timing of complementary feeding in preterm infants and the effect on overweight. It will form a basis for future guidelines for complementary feeding for preterm infants.
Fecal microbiota transplantation as novel therapy in gastroenterology: A systematic review
Rossen, N.G. ; MacDonald, J.K. ; Vries, E.M. de; Haens, G.R. D'; Vos, W.M. de; Zoetendal, E.G. ; Ponsioen, C.Y. - \ 2015
World Journal of Gastroenterology 21 (2015)17. - ISSN 1007-9327 - p. 5359 - 5371.
AIM: To study the clinical efficacy and safety of Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT). We systematically reviewed FMT used as clinical therapy. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and Conference proceedings from inception to July, 2013. Treatment effect of FMT was calculated as the percentage of patients who achieved clinical improvement per patient category, on an intention-to-treat basis. RESULTS: We included 45 studies; 34 on Clostridium difficile-infection (CDI), 7 on inflammatory bowel disease, 1 on metabolic syndrome, 1 on constipation, 1 on pouchitis and 1 on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). In CDI 90% resolution of diarrhea in 33 case series (n = 867) was reported, and 94% resolution of diarrhea after repeated FMT in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) (n = 16). In ulcerative colitis (UC) remission rates of 0% to 68% were found (n = 106). In Crohn's disease (CD) (n = 6), no benefit was observed. In IBS, 70% improvement of symptoms was found (n = 13). 100% Reversal of symptoms was observed in constipation (n = 3). In pouchitis, none of the patients (n = 8) achieved remission. One RCT showed significant improvement of insulin sensitivity in metabolic syndrome (n = 10). Serious adverse events were rare. CONCLUSION: FMT is highly effective in CDI, and holds promise in UC. As for CD, chronic constipation, pouchitis and IBS data are too limited to draw conclusions. FMT increases insulin sensitivity in metabolic syndrome
Effect of cheese consumption on blood lipids: a systematic review and meta-analysisi of randomized controlled trials
Goede, J. de; Geleijnse, J.M. ; Ding, E.L. ; Soedamah-Muthu, S.S. - \ 2015
Nutrition Reviews 73 (2015)5. - ISSN 0029-6643 - p. 259 - 275.
coronary-heart-disease - low-density-lipoprotein - fecal fat excretion - cardiovascular-disease - serum-cholesterol - normolipidemic volunteers - clinical-trials - dietary-intake - dairy foods - milk-fat
Context: Cheese may affect lipids and lipoproteins differently than other high-fat dairy foods. Objective: The present systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate randomized controlled trials that examined the effect of cheese consumption compared with another food product on blood lipids and lipoproteins. Data Sources: A systematic literature search of the MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, CAB Abstracts, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, and the clinicaltrials.gov website was performed. Study Selection: A total of 12 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified that examined the effect of cheese consumption on blood lipids and lipoproteins in healthy adults. Data Extraction: A meta-analysis of 5 RCTs that compared the effects of hard cheese and butter, both of which had a similar ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids to saturated fatty acids (P/S ratio), was performed. Data Synthesis: Compared with butter intake, cheese intake (weighted mean difference: 145.0 g/d) reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) by 6.5% (-0.22 mmol/l; 95%CI: -0.29 to -0.14) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) by 3.9% (-0.05 mmol/l; 95%CI: -0.09 to -0.02) but had no effect on triglycerides. Compared with intake of tofu or fat-modified cheese, cheese intake increased total cholesterol or LDL-C, as was expected on the basis of the P/S ratio of the diets. There was insufficient data to compare intake of cheese with intake of other foods. Conclusion: Despite the similar P/S ratios of hard cheese and butter, consumption of hard cheese lowers LDL-C and HDL-C when compared with consumption of butter. Whether these findings can be attributed to calcium, specific types of saturated fatty acids, or the food matrix of cheese warrants further research.
Dietary supplement use and colorectal cancer risk: A systematic review and meta-analyses of prospective cohort studies
Heine-Bröring, R.C. ; Winkels, R.M. ; Renkema, J.M.S. ; Kragt, L. ; Orten-Luiten, A.C.B. van; Tigchelaar, E.F. ; Chan, D.S.M. ; Norat, T. ; Kampman, E. - \ 2015
International Journal of Cancer 136 (2015)10. - ISSN 0020-7136 - p. 2388 - 2401.
beta-carotene supplementation - base-line characteristics - iowa womens health - combined folic-acid - colon-cancer - vitamin-d - multivitamin use - united-states - life-style - randomized-trial
Use of dietary supplements is rising in countries where colorectal cancer is prevalent. We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analyses of prospective cohort studies on dietary supplement use and colorectal cancer risk. We identified relevant studies in Medline, Embase and Cochrane up to January 2013. Original and peer-reviewed papers on dietary supplement use and colorectal cancer, colon cancer, or rectal cancer incidence were included. “Use-no use”(U-NU), “highest-lowest”(H-L) and “dose-response”(DR) meta-analyses were performed. Random-effects models were used to estimate summary estimates. In total, 24 papers were included in the meta-analyses. We observed inverse associations for colorectal cancer risk and multivitamin (U-NU: RR¿=¿0.92; 95% CI: 0.87,0.97) and calcium supplements (U-NU: RR¿=¿0.86; 95% CI: 0.79,0.95; H-L: RR¿=¿0.80; 95% CI: 0.70,0.92; DR: for an increase of 100 mg/day, RR¿=¿0.96; 95% CI: 0.94,0.99). Inconsistent associations were found for colon cancer risk and supplemental vitamin A and vitamin C, and for colorectal cancer risk and supplemental vitamin D, vitamin E, garlic and folic acid. Meta-analyses of observational studies suggest a beneficial role for multivitamins and calcium supplements on colorectal cancer risk, while the association with other supplements and colorectal cancer risk is inconsistent. Residual confounding of lifestyle factors might be present. Before recommendations can be made, an extensive assessment of dietary supplement use and a better understanding of underlying mechanisms is needed.
Maintenance interventions for overweight or obese children and adolescents who participated in a treatment program: study protocol for a systematic review
Heijden, L.B. van der; Feskens, E.J.M. ; Janse, A.J. - \ 2014
Systematic Reviews 3 (2014). - ISSN 2046-4053 - 6 p.
Background Childhood overweight and obesity are associated with significant health consequences. Early and successful treatment of this public health issue is necessary. Although several intervention programs for children result in weight loss or stabilisation in the short term, preventing relapse after weight loss remains an important challenge. Weight loss maintenance approaches in childhood are thought to be promising, but a structured overview of these maintenance interventions is lacking. The aim of the systematic review described in this protocol is to provide an overview of reports published about maintenance interventions in childhood overweight and obesity following initial treatment, in order to guide future directions in the development of maintenance programs for childhood obesity. Methods/design The electronic databases PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Scopus, and SocINDEX will be searched for this review. Reference lists of eligible study reports will be scanned for relevant references. Article selection including risk of bias assessment will be performed independently in an unblinded standardised manner by three authors. All reports describing a maintenance intervention in overweight or obese children with a mean or median age of