International scientists formulate a roadmap for insect conservation and recovery
Harvey, Jeffrey A. ; Heinen, Robin ; Armbrecht, Inge ; Basset, Yves ; Baxter-Gilbert, James H. ; Bezemer, T.M. ; Böhm, Monika ; Bommarco, Riccardo ; Borges, Paulo A.V. ; Cardoso, Pedro ; Clausnitzer, Viola ; Cornelisse, Tara ; Crone, Elizabeth E. ; Dicke, Marcel ; Dijkstra, Klaas Douwe B. ; Dyer, Lee ; Ellers, Jacintha ; Fartmann, Thomas ; Forister, Mathew L. ; Furlong, Michael J. ; Garcia-Aguayo, Andres ; Gerlach, Justin ; Gols, Rieta ; Goulson, Dave ; Habel, Jan Christian ; Haddad, Nick M. ; Hallmann, Caspar A. ; Henriques, Sérgio ; Herberstein, Marie E. ; Hochkirch, Axel ; Hughes, Alice C. ; Jepsen, Sarina ; Jones, T.H. ; Kaydan, Bora M. ; Kleijn, David ; Klein, Alexandra Maria ; Latty, Tanya ; Leather, Simon R. ; Lewis, Sara M. ; Lister, Bradford C. ; Losey, John E. ; Lowe, Elizabeth C. ; Macadam, Craig R. ; Montoya-Lerma, James ; Nagano, Christopher D. ; Ogan, Sophie ; Orr, Michael C. ; Painting, Christina J. ; Pham, Thai Hong ; Potts, Simon G. ; Rauf, Aunu ; Roslin, Tomas L. ; Samways, Michael J. ; Sanchez-Bayo, Francisco ; Sar, Sim A. ; Schultz, Cheryl B. ; Soares, António O. ; Thancharoen, Anchana ; Tscharntke, Teja ; Tylianakis, Jason M. ; Umbers, Kate D.L. ; Vet, Louise E.M. ; Visser, Marcel E. ; Vujic, Ante ; Wagner, David L. ; Wallis DeVries, Michiel F. ; Westphal, Catrin ; White, Thomas E. ; Wilkins, Vicky L. ; Williams, Paul H. ; Wyckhuys, Kris A.G. ; Zhu, Zeng Rong ; Kroon, Hans de - \ 2020
Nature Ecology & Evolution 4 (2020)4. - ISSN 2397-334X - p. 174 - 176.
Exploring strategies to reach individuals of Turkish and Moroccan origin for health checks and lifestyle advice : A mixed-methods study
Bukman, Andrea J. ; Teuscher, Dorit ; Meftah, Jamila Ben; Groenenberg, Iris ; Crone, Mathilde R. ; Dijk, Sandra Van; Bos, Marieke B. ; Feskens, Edith J.M. - \ 2016
BMC Family Practice 17 (2016)1. - ISSN 1471-2296
Ethnic groups - Health check - Lifestyle advice - Mixed-methods - Reach
Background: Low participation rates among ethnic minorities in preventive healthcare services are worrisome and not well understood. The objective of this study was to explore how adults of Turkish and Moroccan origin living in the Netherlands, aged 45 years and older, can be reached to participate in health checks for cardio-metabolic diseases and follow-up (lifestyle) advice. Methods: This mixed-methods study used a convergent parallel design, to combine data of one quantitative study and three qualitative studies. Questionnaire data were included of 310 respondents, and interview data from 22 focus groups and four individual interviews. Participants were recruited via a research database, general practitioners and key figures. Quantitative data were analysed descriptively and qualitative data were analysed using a thematic approach. Results: Regarding health checks, 50 % (95 % CI 41;59) of the Turkish questionnaire respondents and 66 % (95 % CI 57;76) of the Moroccan questionnaire respondents preferred an invitation from their general practitioner. The preferred location to fill out the health check questionnaire was for both ethnic groups the general practitioner's office or at home, on paper. Regarding advice, both groups preferred to receive advice at individual level rather than in a group, via either a physician or a specialised healthcare professional. It was emphasised that the person who gives lifestyle advice should be familiar with the (eating) habits of the targeted individual. Sixty-one percent (95 % CI 53;69) of the Turkish respondents preferred to receive information in their native language compared to 37 % (95 % CI 29;45) of the Moroccan respondents. Several participants mentioned a low proficiency in the local language as an explanation for their preference to fill out the health check questionnaire at home, to receive advice from an ethnic-matched professional, and to receive information in their native language. Conclusions: The general practitioner is considered as a promising contact to reach adults of Turkish and Moroccan origin for health checks or (lifestyle) advice. It might be necessary to provide information in individuals' native language to overcome language barriers. In addition, (lifestyle) advice must be tailored. The obtained insight into preferences of Turkish and Moroccan adults regarding reach for preventive healthcare services could help professionals to successfully target these groups.
Factors associated with physical therapists’ implementation of physical activity interventions in the Netherlands
Huijg, Johanna M. ; Dusseldorp, Elise ; Gebhardt, Winifred A. ; Verheijden, Marieke W. ; Zouwe, Nicolette van der; Middelkoop, Barend J.C. ; Duijzer, Geerke ; Crone, Mathilde R. - \ 2015
Physical Therapy 95 (2015)4. - ISSN 0031-9023 - p. 539 - 557.
Background. Physical therapists play an important role in the promotion of physical activity (PA) and the effectiveness of PA interventions. However, little is known about the extent to which they implement PA interventions following the intervention protocol and about the factors influencing their implementation behaviors. Objective. The study objective was to investigate physical therapists’ implementation fidelity regarding PA interventions, including completeness and quality of delivery, and influencing factors with a Theoretical Domains Framework–based questionnaire. Design. The study was based on a cross-sectional design. Methods. A total of 268 physical therapists completed the Determinants of Implementation Behavior Questionnaire. Questions about completeness and quality of delivery were based on components and tasks of PA interventions as described by the Royal Dutch Society for Physical Therapy. Multilevel regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with completeness and quality of delivery. Results. High implementation fidelity was found for the physical therapists, with higher scores for completeness of delivery than for quality of delivery. Physical therapists’ knowledge, skills, beliefs about capabilities and consequences, positive emotions, behavioral regulation, and the automaticity of PA intervention delivery were the most important predictors of implementation fidelity. Together, the Theoretical Domains Framework accounted for 23% of the variance in both total completeness and total quality scores. Limitations. The cross-sectional design precluded the determination of causal relationships. Also, the use of a self-report measure to assess implementation fidelity could have led to socially desirable responses, possibly resulting in more favorable ratings for completeness and quality. Conclusions. This study enhances the understanding of how physical therapists implement PA interventions and which factors influence their behaviors. Knowledge about these factors may assist in the development of strategies to improve physical therapists’ implementation behaviors.
Penssynchronisatie: toetsing in voerderproeven = Synchronization of rumen fermentation: testing in feeding experiments
Duinkerken, G. van; Bakker, J. ; Blok, M.C. ; Brandsma, G.G. ; Crone, J.W. ; Klop, A. ; Remmelink, G.J. ; Vuuren, A.M. van; Zom, R.L.G. - \ 2008
Wageningen : Animal Sciences Group (Rapport / Animal Sciences Group 30) - 75
diervoedering - melkvee - rundveevoeding - proeven - voeropname - stikstof - pens - pensfermentatie - melkproductie - melkeiwit - animal feeding - dairy cattle - cattle feeding - trials - feed intake - nitrogen - rumen - rumen fermentation - milk production - milk protein
Een penssynchronisatiesysteem heeft als doel energie en stikstof gelijktijdig en in de juiste verhouding beschikbaar te laten komen voor de micro-organismen in de pens. Penssynchronisatie blijkt in vivo minder belangrijk dan theoretisch wordt aangenomen. Met het verschijnen van dit rapport en de overige publicaties uit het project “Penssynchronisatie”, hopen de betrokken organisaties een bijdrage te leveren aan een efficiëntere nutriëntenbenutting op Nederlandse melkveebedrijven, met name een efficiënt gebruik van stikstof
Alternatives for forage evaluation in ruminants
Gosselink, J.M.J. - \ 2004
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Seerp Tamminga, co-promotor(en): J.P. Dulphy; J.W. Crone. - [S.I.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789058089724
herkauwers - ruwvoer (forage) - voederwaardering - verteerbaarheid - pensvertering - experimenten - technieken - in vitro - diervoeding - diervoedering - voedingsfysiologie - in vivo experimenten - alternatieve methoden - ruminants - forage - feed evaluation - digestibility - rumen digestion - experiments - techniques - in vitro - animal nutrition - animal feeding - nutrition physiology - in vivo experimentation - alternative methods
The objective of this thesis was to validate and to compare in situ and in vitro techniques with in vivo data. These techniques were also evaluated for future and practical use in feed evaluation for ruminants. The techniques were compared using the digestion data of 98 forages and the energy values: in vivo total tract organic matter digestibility (OMD) and rumen fermentable organic matter (FOM), and the protein values: microbial nitrogen synthesised in the rumen (MNS) and rumen escape N (REN). The in situ nylon bag technique, the pepsin-cellulase technique, the gas production technique (GPT) and the Tilley and Terry technique showed good potency to predict OMD and the in situ technique and GPT gave most accurate FOM predictions. MNS was evaluated using in vivo data from the literature and showed a significant relationship with the content of crude protein in forages. The method of conservation of forages had an extra effect on MNS. REN was determined using in situ and different in vitro techniques, but only ADIN (fibre attached N) had a good relationship with in vivo
Voedselvraagstuk vooral een politiek probleem
Crone, K. - \ 1995
Eyes on food : vakblad voor de voedingsmiddelenindustrie 1 (1995). - ISSN 1386-3223 - p. 5 - 7.