The pebble in the shoe : Gods on the run, the public, and the politics of life on the Nayarit coast, Mexico
Regalado, Francisca López ; Verschoor, Gerard - \ 2020
Journal of Rural Studies 78 (2020). - ISSN 0743-0167 - p. 292 - 303.
Nayarit - Nayéeri - Ontologies - Politics of life - The public - Wixaritari
This article aims to describe and analyse the emergence and constitution of the public in the coastal town of San Blas, Nayarit, Mexico. Based on Rancière's notion of politics, Dewey's concept of the public, and relational approaches to ontology, we draw on ethnographic, archival and interview research to follow the tracks of human and non-human actors laying competing claims on a site considered to have different characteristics within different ontologies. We show how the worlds of progress that potentially link the site to real estate profits, tourism and fisheries development enter into conflict with those of Wixaritari and Nayéeri Indigenous peoples defending an alliance between nature and spirituality. Enacted in and through the same as their opponents' materiality, Indigenous renderings of the conflict work as a pebble in the shoe for traditional politics. In particular, we focus on the way in which the site -and its entities-becomes public and political as it gradually surrounds itself with an ontologically heterogeneous audience, and how this is dealt with in practice. We argue that, as an effect, the notion of ‘the political’ changes to encompass not only a politics of who, but also a politics of what –of life itself. We conclude that the public emerges from, and is constituted by, ontological difference.
Antenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation: call to action for change in recommendation
Bourassa, Megan W. ; Osendarp, Saskia J.M. ; Adu‐Afarwuah, Seth ; Ahmed, Saima ; Ajello, Clayton ; Bergeron, Gilles ; Black, Robert ; Christian, Parul ; Cousens, Simon ; Pee, Saskia de; Dewey, Kathryn G. ; Arifeen, Shams El ; Engle‐Stone, Reina ; Fleet, Alison ; Gernand, Alison D. ; Hoddinott, John ; Klemm, Rolf ; Kraemer, Klaus ; Kupka, Roland ; McLean, Erin ; Moore, Sophie E. ; Neufeld, Lynnette M. ; Persson, L. ; Rasmussen, Kathleen M. ; Shankar, Anuraj H. ; Smith, Emily ; Sudfeld, Christopher R. ; Udomkesmalee, Emorn ; Vosti, Stephen A. - \ 2020
Annals of the New York Academy Of Sciences 1465 (2020)1. - ISSN 0077-8923 - p. 5 - 7.
Review of the evidence regarding the use of antenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation in low- and middle-income countries
Bourassa, Megan W. ; Osendarp, Saskia J.M. ; Adu-Afarwuah, Seth ; Ahmed, Saima ; Ajello, Clayton ; Bergeron, Gilles ; Black, Robert ; Christian, Parul ; Cousens, Simon ; Pee, Saskia de; Dewey, Kathryn G. ; Arifeen, Shams El ; Engle-Stone, Reina ; Fleet, Alison ; Gernand, Alison D. ; Hoddinott, John ; Klemm, Rolf ; Kraemer, Klaus ; Kupka, Roland ; McLean, Erin ; Moore, Sophie E. ; Neufeld, Lynnette M. ; Persson, Lars Åke ; Rasmussen, Kathleen M. ; Shankar, Anuraj H. ; Smith, Emily ; Sudfeld, Christopher R. ; Udomkesmalee, Emorn ; Vosti, Stephen A. - \ 2019
Annals of the New York Academy Of Sciences 1444 (2019)1. - ISSN 0077-8923 - p. 6 - 21.
LMICs - micronutrient - pregnancy - supplements
Inadequate micronutrient intakes are relatively common in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), especially among pregnant women, who have increased micronutrient requirements. This can lead to an increase in adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. This review presents the conclusions of a task force that set out to assess the prevalence of inadequate micronutrient intakes and adverse birth outcomes in LMICs; the data from trials comparing multiple micronutrient supplements (MMS) that contain iron and folic acid (IFA) with IFA supplements alone; the risks of reaching the upper intake levels with MMS; and the cost-effectiveness of MMS compared with IFA. Recent meta-analyses demonstrate that MMS can reduce the risks of preterm birth, low birth weight, and small for gestational age in comparison with IFA alone. An individual-participant data meta-analysis also revealed even greater benefits for anemic and underweight women and female infants. Importantly, there was no increased risk of harm for the pregnant women or their infants with MMS. These data suggest that countries with inadequate micronutrient intakes should consider supplementing pregnant women with MMS as a cost-effective method to reduce the risk of adverse birth outcomes.
Food Aid for Nutrition: Narrative Review of Major Research Topics Presented at a Scientific Symposium Held October 21, 2017, at the 21st International Congress of Nutrition in Buenos Aires, Argentina
Caiafa, Kristine ; Dewey, Kathryn G. ; Michaelsen, Kim F. ; Pee, Saskia de; Collins, Steve ; Rogers, Beatrice Lorge ; El-Kour, Tatyana ; Walton, Shelley ; Webb, Patrick - \ 2019
Food and Nutrition Bulletin 40 (2019)1. - ISSN 0379-5721 - p. 111 - 123.
cost-effectiveness - evidence - food aid - global health - nutrition - public health
Background: Food aid is a valuable tool for meeting global nutrition goals, particularly for vulnerable populations of children and reproductive-aged women. On October 21, 2017, the Food Aid Quality Review Project hosted a scientific symposium at the 21st International Congress on Nutrition in Buenos Aires, Argentina, to take stock of what the global community has learned about selected topics in the research literature on food aid used to address malnutrition. Objective: This article presents the discussion that took place during the symposium, which was guided by presentations by 6 experts from the field of nutrition, food aid, and humanitarian response. Conclusion: The recent upsurge in research on food aid has advanced the collective knowledge of what food aid products and programs work for addressing nutrition, but there is much more to learn. Presentations in this symposium called for further inquiry on (1) different and novel food aid formulations, (2) the cost-effectiveness of products and programs, and (3) market-based approaches to food assistance. Continuing to expand the evidence base on these topics is critical to improving global nutrition programs.
Deliberative and pragmatist agriculture
Korthals, Michiel - \ 2017
Pragmatism Today 8 (2017)2. - ISSN 1338-2799 - p. 52 - 58.
It is well known how stimulatingly John Dewey could write about gardens, in particular school gardens ('edible gardens', not flower gardens). Edible gardens provide children opportunities for the full development of social, cognitive and manual skills, which in his view are the most important skills that together bring something like republic attitudes. I will first give a short introduction into Dewey's thoughts about edible gardens and then will try to construct his view on farming and industrial food processing on the basis of the scarce remarks that he made about these activities. Inspired by his thoughts, but also radically transforming them, I will elaborate a pragmatist view on agriculture, by outlining the current challenges on global and regional level. It turns out that edible gardens are important, but in general cannot be seen as an alternative for the food processing and retail sector and they cannot definitively deal with food security. It is therefore necessary to develop a deliberative pragmatist theory of the food processing and retail sector.
A novel Botrytis species is associated with a newly emergent foliar disease in cultivated Hemerocallis
Grant-Downton, R.T. ; Terhem, R.B. ; Kapralov, M. ; Mehdi, S. ; Rodriguez-Enriquez, M.J. ; Gurr, S.J. ; Kan, J.A.L. van; Dewey, F.M. - \ 2014
PLoS ONE 9 (2014)6. - ISSN 1932-6203 - 11 p.
genetic-variation - south-carolina - plant - cinerea - host - infection - elliptica - fungi - armillaria - diversity
Foliar tissue samples of cultivated daylilies (Hemerocallis hybrids) showing the symptoms of a newly emergent foliar disease known as ‘spring sickness’ were investigated for associated fungi. The cause(s) of this disease remain obscure. We isolated repeatedly a fungal species which proved to be member of the genus Botrytis, based on immunological tests. DNA sequence analysis of these isolates, using several different phyogenetically informative genes, indicated that they represent a new Botrytis species, most closely related to B. elliptica (lily blight, fire blight) which is a major pathogen of cultivated Lilium. The distinction of the isolates was confirmed by morphological analysis of asexual sporulating cultures. Pathogenicity tests on Hemerocallis tissues in vitro demonstrated that this new species was able to induce lesions and rapid tissue necrosis. Based on this data, we infer that this new species, described here as B. deweyae, is likely to be an important contributor to the development of ‘spring sickness’ symptoms. Pathogenesis may be promoted by developmental and environmental factors that favour assault by this necrotrophic pathogen. The emergence of this disease is suggested to have been triggered by breeding-related changes in cultivated hybrids, particularly the erosion of genetic diversity. Our investigation confirms that emergent plant diseases are important and deserve close monitoring, especially in intensively in-bred plants.
Pig towers and in vitro meat: Disclosing moral worlds by design
Driessen, C.P.G. ; Korthals, M.J.J.A.A. - \ 2012
Social Studies of Science 42 (2012)6. - ISSN 0306-3127 - p. 797 - 820.
cultured meat - technology - politics - animals - science
Technology development is often considered to obfuscate democratic decision-making and is met with ethical suspicion. However, new technologies also can open up issues for societal debate and generate fresh moral engagements. This paper discusses two technological projects: schemes for pig farming in high-rise agro-production parks that came to be known as ‘pig towers’, and efforts to develop techniques for producing meat without animals by using stem cells, labelled ‘in vitro meat’. Even before fully entering our world as actually realized systems or commercially viable products, these technologies disclosed societal concerns over animal agriculture. These concerns were expressed through active public responses and were informed by formal methods of assessment, such as applied ethics and lifecycle analysis. By closely examining how features of these designs entered public debates and ethical thought, we trace the moral world-disclosing character of technological projects. We find that these proposals generate occasions for debate and gather new societal actors to form new coalitions or rifts. Both technologies gave rise to particular understandings of societal issues. As the central means through which problems were discussed changed, new types of arguments were considered relevant and ontological shifts could even be seen to occur with what was considered ‘real meat’ and the ‘true nature’ of animal farming. We argue that world disclosing involves a renewed sense of the character of political and moral agency, whereby the sensibilities that constitute a moral subject are redefined. Finally, we explore the inner tensions and ambiguities of this process of moral and political change by confronting the notions of ‘world disclosure’ developed by Dewey and Heidegger, thereby connecting to recent debates within both STS and political theory on how to understand political processes in a technological culture.
Quantification of mycelium of Botrytis spp. and the antagonist Ulocladium atrum in necrotic leaf tissue of cyclamen and lily by fluorescence microscopy and image analysis
Kessel, G.J.T. ; Haas, B.H. de; Lombaers-van, C.H. der; Meijer, E.M.J. ; Dewey, F.M. ; Goudriaan, J. ; Werf, W. van der; Köhl, J. - \ 1999
Phytopathology 89 (1999). - ISSN 0031-949X - p. 868 - 876.
|Quantification of fungal colonization of Botrytis elliptica and Ulocladium atrum in necrotic lily leaf tissue using fluorescence microscopy and image analysis.
Kessel, G.J.T. ; Haas, B.H. de; Lombaers-van der Plas, C.H. ; Meijer, E.M.J. ; Karpovich-Tate, N. ; Dewey, F.M. ; Kohl, J. ; Werf, W. van der - \ 1998
In: 6th International Mycological Congress, Jerusalem, Israel - p. 137 - 137.
|Visualisering en kwantificering van de mate van kolonisatie van afgestorven plantenweefsel door ziekteverwekkende en antagonistische schimmels.
Kessel, G.J.T. ; Haas, B.H. de; Lombaers-van der Plas, C.H. ; Meijer, E.M.J. ; Karpovich-Tate, N. ; Dewey, F.M. ; Kohl, J. ; Werf, W. van der - \ 1998
Gewasbescherming (1998). - ISSN 0166-6495 - p. 19 - 19.
A comparison of the neutral detergent-cellulase method with other laboratory methods for predicting the digestibility in vivo of maize silages from three European countries
Givens, D.L. ; Cottyn, B.G. ; Dewey, P.J.S. ; Steg, A. - \ 1995
Animal Feed Science and Technology 54 (1995)1-4. - ISSN 0377-8401 - p. 55 - 64.
Four populations of maize silage have been studied with the objective of comparing the ability of the neutral detergent-cellulase plus amylase (NCD) procedure with various fibre methods and starch to predict digestible organic matter content in dry matter (DOMD). The four populations comprised 16 samples examined at the ADAS Feed Evaluation Unit (Population F), 16 samples from the Rowett Research Institute (Population R), 50 samples studied at the National Institute of Animal Nutrition, Ghent, Belgium (Population B) and 24 samples from the Research Institute for Livestock Feeding and Nutrition, Lelystad, Netherlands (Population D). The NCD method provided the best relationship with DOMD in vivo. The overall relationship was: DOMD (g kg-1 DM) =235 + 0.650 NCD (g kg-1 DM), R2=64.4%, r.s.d.=25.8. While the NCD-based relationship for Population R had a significantly (P < 0.001) different intercept, overall, the NCD method was considerably superior at predicting DOMD in vivo than all the fibre methods examined and starch content. The reason for the behaviour of Population R cannot be explained but its retention in the overall relationship was shown to have little effect on predicted values.
|A double (monoclonal) antibody sandwich elisa for the detection of Verticillium sp. in roses.
Koppel, M.M. van de; Schots, A. - \ 1994
In: Modern assays for plant pathogenic fungi: identification, detection and quantification / Schots, A., Dewey, F.M., Oliver, R., Wallingford, UK : CAN Int. - p. 99 - 104.
|Modern assays for plant pathogenic fungi: identification, detection and quantification.
Schots, A. ; Dewey, F.M. ; Oliver, R. - \ 1994
Wallingford, U.K. : C.A.B. International
De waarneming en waardering van landschappen
Coeterier, J.F. - \ 1987
Agricultural University. Promotor(en): P.B. Defares, co-promotor(en): M.J. Vroom. - S.l. : Coeterier - 204
milieu - ideologie - landschap - perceptie - taxatie - environment - ideology - landscape - perception - valuation
'Landscape' is defined in many ways. However, all definitions have in common: (a) the interaction between organisms, including man, and inorganic nature; this is landscape as a process; (b) the unity of the landscape and the coherence of its parts; this is landscape as structure*; and often: (c) the influence of social and cultural processes in the formation of the landscape, the social determinism of the landscape. A landscape is conceived of as a system, characterized by the interaction of natural and cultural forces, possessing a definite organization. Depending on one's background and interest, a certain aspect is accentuated in the study of landscapes. Landscape architects mainly concentrate on structural aspects. Perception psychologists too are preoccupied with pattern variables, stemming from Gestalt psychology. Lay people are primarily interested in the social aspects of a landscape, especially in the Netherlands, where every landscape is man-made. For them, human action is the main force in landscape formation.
The Dominant Perceptual Attributes
These attributes have several implications:
ad 1. Unity
ad 2. Use
ad 3. The physical component: soil and water
ad 4. The biotic component: naturalness
ad 5. The spatial arrangement: spatiality
ad 6. Development: the behaviour of the landscape system in time
ad 7. Management
ad 8. Phenomenal aspects
Some Applications of the Dominant Perceptual Attributes in Planning.