- R.A. Boelens (7)
- Rutgerd Boelens (3)
- Jean Carlo Rodríguez-de-Francisco (1)
- Bibiana Duarte Abadia (1)
- B. Duarte-Abadia (2)
- Bibiana Duarte-Abadía (8)
- L.M. Hommes (1)
- J.D. Hoogesteger van Dijk (5)
- Núria Miralles (1)
- Jean Pablo Hidalgo (1)
- Lucas Pré Du (2)
- T. Roa-Avendaño (1)
- R.F. Rocha Lopez (1)
- J.C. Rodriguez (1)
- J.M.C. Vos (2)
- C. Yacoub Lopez (4)
Payment for ecosystem services and the water-energy-food nexus: Securing resource flows for the affluent?
Rodríguez-de-Francisco, Jean Carlo ; Duarte-Abadía, Bibiana ; Boelens, Rutgerd - \ 2019
Water 11 (2019)6. - ISSN 2073-4441
Colombia - Environmental justice - Latin America - PES - Scale politics - WEF Nexus
Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) is not only a prominent, globally promoted policy to foster nature conservation, but also increasingly propagated as an innovative and self-sustaining governance instrument to support poverty alleviation and to guarantee water, food, and energy securities. In this paper, we evaluate a PES scheme from a multi-scalar and political-ecology perspective in order to reveal different power dynamics across the Water-Energy-Food (WEF) Nexus perspective. For this purpose, we analyze the PES scheme implemented in the Hidrosogamoso hydropower project in Colombia. The paper shows that actors' strongly divergent economic and political power is determinant in defining how and for whom the Nexus-related water, food, and energy securities are materialized. In this case, the PES scheme and its scalar politics, as fostered by the private/public hydropower alliance, are instrumental to guaranteeing water security for the hydropower scheme, which is a crucial building-block of Colombia's energy security discourse. For this, the water and food securities of the adjacent, less powerful communities are sacrificed. Examining the on-the-ground politics of WEF Nexus is key to understanding their impact on equitable and sustainable governance of water, energy, and food in the everyday lives of millions of resource users. We conclude that politicizing the Nexus can help to trace both the flows of resources and the flows of power.
Colonizing rural waters: the politics of hydro-territorial transformation in the Guadalhorce Valley, Málaga, Spain
Duarte-Abadía, Bibiana ; Boelens, Rutgerd - \ 2019
Water International 44 (2019)2. - ISSN 0250-8060 - p. 148 - 168.
governmentality - Hydraulic utopia - hydro-politics - hydro-territorial transformation - Spain - water transfers
This paper explores how, historically, the utopian thinking built into Spain’s water policies has legitimized profound transformations of the Guadalhorce Valley’s hydro-social territory (in Málaga), also justifying water transfers from rural to urban areas. It analyzes how the ‘regenerationist hydraulic utopia’ has been materialized through different ‘governmentality strategies’. This intensified during Francisco Franco’s dictatorship, decaying gradually into dystopias that, to this day, express profound socio-environmental impacts: dispossession, displacement, uprooting and breaking up local water governance institutions and practices. Meanwhile, the urban and tourism industries in Málaga have been strengthened by giving them priority for water supply.
Mobilizing water actors and bodies of knowledge. The multi-scalar movement against the Río Grande Dam in Málaga, Spain
Duarte-Abadía, Bibiana ; Boelens, R.A. ; Pré, Lucas Du - \ 2019
Water 11 (2019)3. - ISSN 2073-4441 - 21 p.
Just as in other parts of Spain, the Guadalhorce Valley, Málaga, has a long history of policies based on ‘hydraulic utopianism’ (regenerationist and Franco-ist), bent on ‘reorganizing’ political, geographic, and human nature. Residents of the neighboring sub-basin, the Río Grande valley, have seen how these policies, designed to transfer rural water to modern urban centers, have turned the Guadalhorce hydrosocial territory into a ‘hydraulic dystopia’. In this article, we examine how Río Grande valley residents mobilized to maintain control over the development and use of their resources, livelihoods, and knowledge systems, when modernist-urbanist policies planned to take their water from a major dam on the Río Grande. Interviewing actors at different scales we examined how this anti-dam movement organized massively in a creative, multi-actor, and multi-scale network. Our results also show that this unified, successful fight against the ‘common enemy’, the mega-hydraulic construction, has become more complex, as threats crop up not only from the ‘city over there’ but also from ‘internal’ hydro-territorial transformations. These sprout from policies to modernize traditional irrigation systems, supposedly to ‘save water’, but critical voices assume that it is all about passing on the ‘surplus’ to Málaga city, or using that water to expand agribusiness. We conclude that the challenge lies in critically integrating multiple forms of knowledge, stakeholders, and scales to both defend collective water management and creatively construct anti-hegemonic alternatives.
Alianzas antiembalse y luchas hidroepistemológicas. Los retos de la gestión colectiva del agua en el Río Grande, Málaga, España
Duarte-Abadía, Bibiana ; Boelens, R.A. ; Pré, Lucas Du - \ 2018
Cuadernos de Geografia 101 (2018). - ISSN 0210-086X - p. 107 - 126.
In this article, we analyze the water knowledge struggles and challenges that the Rio Grande sub-basin’s social movement has faced when encountering the different modernistic projects that seek to transfer rural water to Malaga city. The first relates to a large dam construction, the second to the modernization of traditional irrigation systems. We conclude that the movement’s challenges are to unpack the truth regimes that support these hydraulic-modernistic projects, to claim for collective water use and control, and to engage in a bottom-up «commoning» process for defending the river’s socio-environmental values, cultural-economic importance, and epistemological meaning and existence.
Reconfiguration of Hydrosocial Territories and Struggles for Water Justice : from Part II - Hydrosocial De-Patterning and Re-Composition
Hommes, L.M. ; Boelens, R.A. ; Duarte Abadia, Bibiana ; Hidalgo, Jean Pablo ; Hoogesteger van Dijk, J.D. - \ 2018
In: Water Justice / Boelens, R., Perreault, T., Vos, J., Cambridge : Cambridge University Press - ISBN 9781107179080 - p. 151 - 168.
Introduction A vast and growing body of scholarly studies has shown how large-scale hydraulic and hydro-managerial projects, such as large dam and irrigation developments or market-environmentalist ecosystem payment schemes, have diverse socio-cultural and political-economic implications beyond merely altering water flows and raising socio-economic productivity. Concepts such as the hydrosocial cycle (Boelens, 2014; Linton and Budds, 2014), waterscapes (Baviskar, 2007; Budds and Hinojosa-Valencia, 2012; Swyngedouw, 1999) and water as socio-nature (Barnes and Alatout, 2012; Perreault, 2014) express connected insights about water being coproduced by social relations and in turn shaping these relations. The hydrosocial cycle, for instance, is described as a socio-natural process in which “water and society make and remake each other over space and time” cyclically (Linton and Budds, 2014: 170). Such coproduction of water and society is also reflected in the notion of waterscapes, conceptualized as socio-spatial configurations of water flows, artifacts, institutions and imaginaries embodying a particular world view (Budds and Hinojosa-Valencia, 2012; Zwarteveen 2015). However, these notions have so far largely focused on established hegemonic structures and discourses that drive and succeed from waterscape configurations. Less attention has been given to the multiplicity of diverging and overlapping hydrosocial territories that exist within one and the same space. To address this, we employ the hydrosocial territories approach, analyzing water territories not merely as materializations of dominant discourses and interests, but as multi-scalar networks in which water flows, hydraulic infrastructure, legal-administrative and financial systems, and socio-cultural institutions and practices are interactively produced, aligned, negotiated and contested (Boelens et al., 2016). Furthermore, combining the hydrosocial territories notion with Foucault’s governmentality approach highlights different forms of “government rationalities” and how they are entwined with hydraulic and hydro-managerial projects. We focus specifically on analyzing how ruling groups’ efforts to “conduct the conduct” of the governed (Foucault, 2008: 313) penetrate, operate through, and assimilate the rationality of the governed to advance neoliberal projects (Fletcher, 2010; Hommes et al., 2016; Zwarteveen and Boelens, 2014). Building on the work of Agnew (1994), Gupta and Ferguson (1992) and Elden (2010), we understand territories not as fixed spaces, but as spatially entrenched multi-scalar networks evolving from social interactions and practices, and materializations of these practices (see also Baletti, 2012; Brighenti, 2010). Social encounters and acts, including legal-administrative arrangements, technical reconfigurations and symbolic, cultural and political mechanisms of boundary-and place-making, actively produce territories.
|El páramo de Santurbán, Colombia: disputas de la conceptualización y valoración de un territorio hidrosocial
Duarte-Abadía, Bibiana ; Boelens, R.A. - \ 2017
In: Los Caminos del Agua / Arroyo, Aline, Isch Lopez, Edgar, Quito : Abya Yala - ISBN 9789942094230 - p. 153 - 178.
|Gobernanza del agua : Una mirada desde la ecología politica y la justicia hídrica
Duarte-Abadía, Bibiana ; Yacoub Lopez, C. ; Hoogesteger van Dijk, J.D. - \ 2016
Quito : Justicia Hídrica (Agua y Sociedad 24) - ISBN 9789942094186 - 444 p.
|Introducción: La gobernanza del agua : Visiones desde la ecologíca y la justicia hídrica
Duarte-Abadía, Bibiana ; Hoogesteger van Dijk, J.D. ; Yacoub Lopez, C. - \ 2016
In: Gobernanza del agua / Duarte Abadia, Bibiana, Yacoub, Cristina, Hoogesteger van Dijk, Jaime, Quito : Justicia Hídrica (Agua y Sociedad 24) - ISBN 9789942094186 - p. 13 - 24.
|Pago por servicios ambientales, ambientalismo de mercado y la indiferencia hacia el mundo campesino
Rodriguez, J.C. ; Boelens, R.A. - \ 2016
In: Gobernanza del agua / Duarte Abadia, Bibiana, Yacoub, Cristina, Hoogesteger van Dijk, Jaime, Quito : Justicia Hídrica (Agua y Sociedad 24) - ISBN 9789942094186 - p. 109 - 132.
|Territorios Hidrosociales y valoración del agua: perspectivas divergentes sobre los derechos de agua en la cuenc Pucara, Bolivia
Rocha Lopez, R.F. ; Vos, J.M.C. ; Boelens, R.A. - \ 2016
In: Gobernanza del agua / Duarte Abadia, Bibiana, Yacoub, Cristina, Hoogesteger van Dijk, Jaime, Quito : Justicia Hídrica (Agua y Sociedad 24) - ISBN 9789942094186 - p. 153 - 176.
|Los nuevos sujetos del agua: neoliberalismo y dessarollo de organizaciones de usuarios del agua en Ecuador (1990-2007)
Hoogesteger van Dijk, J.D. - \ 2016
In: Gobernanza del agua / Duarte Abadia, Bibiana, Yacoub, Cristina, Hoogesteger van Dijk, Jaime, Quito : Justicia Hídrica (Agua y Sociedad 24) - ISBN 9789942094186 - p. 275 - 296.
|La tecnografia como metodologia de investigación interdiciplinaria en termas de justicia hídrica
Vos, J.M.C. - \ 2016
In: Gobernanza del agua / Duarte Abadia, Bibiana, Yacoub, Cristina, Hoogesteger van Dijk, Jaime, Quito : Justicia Hídrica (Agua y Sociedad 24) - ISBN 9789942094186 - p. 391 - 400.
|Monitoreos ambientales e industias extractivas: ¿herramientas de participación de conflictos o para la reproducción de discursos?
Yacoub Lopez, C. ; Miralles, Núria - \ 2016
In: Gobernanza del agua / Duarte Abadia, Bibiana, Yacoub, Cristina, Hoogesteger van Dijk, Jaime, Quito : Justicia Hídrica (Agua y Sociedad 24) - ISBN 9789942094186 - p. 401 - 418.
Yacoub Lopez, C. ; Duarte-Abadia, B. ; Hoogesteger van Dijk, J.D. - \ 2016
In: Gobernanza del agua / Duarte Abadia, Bibiana, Yacoub, Cristina, Hoogesteger van Dijk, Jaime, Quito : Justicia Hídrica (Agua y Sociedad 24) - ISBN 9789942094186 - p. 419 - 437.
Disputes over territorial boundaries and diverging valuation languages: the Santurban hydrosocial highlands territory in Colombia
Duarte-Abadía, Bibiana ; Boelens, Rutgerd - \ 2016
Water International 41 (2016)1. - ISSN 0250-8060 - p. 15 - 36.
Colombia - conflicts - governmentality - Hydrosocial territory - new institutionalism - valuation languages
We examine the divergent modes of conceptualizing, valuing and representing the páramo highlands of Santurban, Colombia, as a struggle over hydrosocial territory. Páramo residents, multinational companies, government and scientists deploy territorial representations and valuation languages that interact and conflict with each other. Government politicians and neo-institutional scientists wish to reconcile diverging interests using a universalistic territorial representation, through game theory. This generates a hydrosocial imaginary that renders invisible actors’ power differentials that lie at the core of the territorial resource use conflict. We conclude that this ‘governmentality’ endeavour enables subtle, silent water rights re-allocation.
Hydropower, Encroachment and the Re-patterning of Hydrosocial Territory: The Case of Hidrosogamoso in Colombia
Duarte-Abadia, B. ; Boelens, R.A. ; Roa-Avendaño, T. - \ 2015
Human Organization 74 (2015)3. - ISSN 0018-7259 - p. 243 - 254.
Mega-hydraulic projects tend to produce severe social and environmental impacts, with burdens and benefits unevenly distributed among different social groups, regions, and scales. This triggers socioenvironmental conflicts, since “territory” has incommensurable functions and values for the diverse parties. This article examines the dominant human-nature interactions that underlie recent hydropower developments and the reconfiguration of the hydrosocial network in Colombia’s Sogamoso basin. We use the Echelon of Rights Analysis (ERA) to examine conflicts over hydrosocial patterning, involving struggles over resources, norms, authority, and discourses. The Sogamoso mega-project highlights how modernist policies discursively frame clean energy, sustainable development, and public utility, while breaking up existing socioecological relationships and aligning water users, rights, and uses in new hydro-political network hierarchies. In Sogamoso, hydropower development discourse ends up declaring local subsistence activities illegal while denying existing rights frameworks. Therefore, crucial questions about water rights, legitimacy, and justice remain unasked and unanswered within political arenas.