Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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‘Kijk die kalfjes huppelen’ : Op naar meer veerkracht van boerenland en ecosysteem
Scheffer, Marten ; Feindt, Peter ; Poppe, Krijn - \ 2019
Institutions and the resilience of biobased production systems: the historical case of livestock intensification in the Netherlands
Termeer, C.J.A.M. ; Feindt, P.H. ; Karpouzoglou, T.D. ; Poppe, K.J. ; Hofstede, G.J. ; Kramer, K. ; Ge, Lan ; Mathijs, Erik ; Meuwissen, M.P.M. - \ 2019
Ecology and Society 24 (2019)4. - ISSN 1708-3087
biobased production system - connects - institutions - livestock - resilience
Disconnects between farming and urban systems are widely seen as impairing the resilience of biobased production systems (BBPSs). However, the institutional mechanisms that underlie these resilience problems are not well understood. In this explorative paper, which integrates elements from institutional and resilience theory, we develop a framework to analyze how institutionally shaped patterns of connects and disconnects affect the resilience of BBPs along the dimensions of robustness, adaptability, and transformability. This framework is applied to the historical case of pig livestock intensification in the Netherlands from 1870 to 2017. The case shows that institutions, successfully established in earlier periods, shape connects and disconnects in subsequent periods, thereby enabling and constraining resilience. A combination of perturbations, institutional layering, and shifts in ideational power is an important institutional mechanism for resilience. We conclude that building resilience requires a variety of reconnecting institutions and refraining from a focus on local reconnects or certification only.
Ein neuer Gesellschaftsvertrag für eine nachhaltige Landwirtschaft : Wege zu einer integrativen Politik für den Agrarsektor
Feindt, P.H. ; Kraemer, Christine ; Früh-Müller, Andrea ; Heissenhuber, A. ; Pahl-Wostl, Claudia ; Purnhagen, K. ; Thomas, Fabian van; Bers, Caroline van; Wolters, Volkmar - \ 2019
Springer - ISBN 9783662586556 - 295 p.
Die Landwirtschaft in Deutschland, Europa und weltweit befindet sich in einem dramatischen Umbruchprozess. Einerseits bieten Liberalisierung und Marktöffnung, neue technologische Entwicklungen, die wachsende Weltbevölkerung und neue Kundenwünsche vielen landwirtschaftlichen Betrieben neue Möglichkeiten. Andererseits stehen viele Landwirtinnen und Landwirte in internationaler Konkurrenz, sind zum betrieblichen Wachstum mit hohem Investitionsrisiko gezwungen, sind Teil strikt regulierter Wertschöpfungsketten und müssen steigenden gesellschaftlichen Ansprüchen genügen. Zugleich machen sich viele Menschen Sorgen, dass die Prozesse der Rationalisierung und Modernisierung der landwirtschaftlichen Produktion auf Kosten von Natur-, Umwelt- und Tierschutz gehen. Auf vielen Ebenen wird daher bereits nach einer neuen Verständigung darüber gesucht, was die Gesellschaft von der Landwirtschaft erwartet, und welche Unterstützung die Landwirtinnen und Landwirte im Gegenzug dafür erwarten dürfen. Vor diesem Hintergrund entwickelt das vorliegende Open Access-Buch eine wissenschaftlich fundierte Kritik der Umweltauswirkungen der Landwirtschaft und der politischen Logik der Agrarpolitik. Es präsentiert ein neues Leitbild mit konkreten Indikatoren sowie alternative strategische Handlungsoptionen. Die umfassende Analyse wird zu einem Vorschlag für eine neue Architektur der europäischen Agrarpolitik gebündelt, die eine breite Diskussion um einen Neuen Gesellschaftsvertrag für die Landwirtschaft in Deutschland und Europa anstoßen soll.
The power of narratives: Explaining inaction on gender mainstreaming in Uganda's climate change policy
Acosta, M.F. ; Wessel, M.G.J. van; Bommel, S. van; Ampaire, Edidah L. ; Jassogne, Laurence ; Feindt, P.H. - \ 2019
Development Policy Review (2019). - ISSN 0950-6764 - p. 1 - 27.
Expectations that gender‐mainstreaming efforts would effectively advance gender equality have been disappointed in contemporary sub‐Saharan Africa. Examining this apparent disconnect, we focus on the narratives through which policy‐makers relate to, and dis/engage with, gender issues. Using in‐depth interviews and stakeholder meetings, our multi‐step analysis identifies story episodes from which we reconstruct stories and narratives. The analysis reveals a complex ecology of 22 stories, clustered in five main narratives. While most stories unfold a gender equality narrative, four competing narratives emerge. Shifts during conversations from the gender equality to other narratives reveal that the discursive engagement with gender mainstreaming is accompanied by simultaneous resistance, deconstruction and revocation. These narrative shifts exercise four distinct power effects: They (1) shift blame for ineffective gender implementation; (2) legitimize policy inaction; (3) foreground and naturalize patriarchy; and (4) promote the diversion of resources. The implicit communicative strategies exercise power through ideas (persuade listeners that the equality narrative is inappropriate), power over ideas (gender equality ideas are rejected or frustrated) and power in ideas (entrenched patriarchy ideas are reproduced). Attention to ideational power through policy narrative contributes to explain implementation issues with gender mainstreaming in Uganda, and is likely to be relevant beyond this case.
What does it Mean to Make a ‘Joint’ Decision? Unpacking Intra-household Decision Making in Agriculture: Implications for Policy and Practice
Acosta, Mariola ; Wessel, M. van; Bommel, Severine Van; Ampaire, Edidah L. ; Twyman, Jennifer ; Jassogne, Laurence ; Feindt, Peter H. - \ 2019
Journal of Development Studies (2019). - ISSN 0022-0388

Strategies to empower women in development contexts frequently address their authority to take decisions within their household, including decisions that are taken jointly by couples. Assessing empowerment in joint decision-making has traditionally followed a dichotomous approach: decisions are either joint or not, with the former associated with women’s empowerment. This paper contributes to a more nuanced understanding of the empowerment effects of joint decision-making, based on case study data from Uganda. We present survey data revealing significant gender differences in perception of decision-making over the adoption of agricultural practices and consumption expenses. Women reported joint decision-making more often than men, who presented themselves more as sole decision makers. We supplement the survey data with an in-depth study in Lodi village, where we reconstruct meanings attached to joint decision-making using focus group discussions, a decision-making game and participant observation. Reported joint decision-making included a range of practices from no conversation among partners to conversations where female spouse’s ideas are considered but the man has the final say. The findings suggest that local interpretations of joint decision-making, in at least this case of a dominantly patriarchal context, can limit its potential for assessing women’s empowerment.

A framework to assess the resilience of farming systems
Meuwissen, Miranda P.M. ; Feindt, Peter H. ; Spiegel, A. ; Termeer, Catrien J.A.M. ; Mathijs, Erik ; Mey, Yann de; Finger, Robert ; Balmann, Alfons ; Wauters, E. ; Urquhart, J. ; Vigani, M. ; Zawalińska, Katarzyna ; Herrera, Hugo ; Nicholas-Davies, Phillipa ; Hansson, Helena ; Paas, Wim ; Slijper, Thomas ; Coopmans, Isabeau ; Vroege, Willemijn ; Ciechomska, Anna ; Accatino, Francesco ; Kopainsky, Birgit ; Poortvliet, Marijn P. ; Candel, Jeroen J.L. ; Maye, Damian ; Severini, Simone ; Senni, Saverio ; Soriano, Bárbara ; Lagerkvist, Carl Johan ; Peneva, Mariya ; Gavrilescu, Camelia ; Reidsma, Pytrik - \ 2019
Agricultural Systems 176 (2019). - ISSN 0308-521X
Enabling environment - Farming systems - Long-term stresses - Private and public goods - Resilience capacities - Shocks

Agricultural systems in Europe face accumulating economic, ecological and societal challenges, raising concerns about their resilience to shocks and stresses. These resilience issues need to be addressed with a focus on the regional context in which farming systems operate because farms, farmers' organizations, service suppliers and supply chain actors are embedded in local environments and functions of agriculture. We define resilience of a farming system as its ability to ensure the provision of the system functions in the face of increasingly complex and accumulating economic, social, environmental and institutional shocks and stresses, through capacities of robustness, adaptability and transformability. We (i) develop a framework to assess the resilience of farming systems, and (ii) present a methodology to operationalize the framework with a view to Europe's diverse farming systems. The framework is designed to assess resilience to specific challenges (specified resilience) as well as a farming system's capacity to deal with the unknown, uncertainty and surprise (general resilience). The framework provides a heuristic to analyze system properties, challenges (shocks, long-term stresses), indicators to measure the performance of system functions, resilience capacities and resilience-enhancing attributes. Capacities and attributes refer to adaptive cycle processes of agricultural practices, farm demographics, governance and risk management. The novelty of the framework pertains to the focal scale of analysis, i.e. the farming system level, the consideration of accumulating challenges and various agricultural processes, and the consideration that farming systems provide multiple functions that can change over time. Furthermore, the distinction between three resilience capacities (robustness, adaptability, transformability) ensures that the framework goes beyond narrow definitions that limit resilience to robustness. The methodology deploys a mixed-methods approach: quantitative methods, such as statistics, econometrics and modelling, are used to identify underlying patterns, causal explanations and likely contributing factors; while qualitative methods, such as interviews, participatory approaches and stakeholder workshops, access experiential and contextual knowledge and provide more nuanced insights. More specifically, analysis along the framework explores multiple nested levels of farming systems (e.g. farm, farm household, supply chain, farming system) over a time horizon of 1–2 generations, thereby enabling reflection on potential temporal and scalar trade-offs across resilience attributes. The richness of the framework is illustrated for the arable farming system in Veenkoloniën, the Netherlands. The analysis reveals a relatively low capacity of this farming system to transform and farmers feeling distressed about transformation, while other members of their households have experienced many examples of transformation.

Drivers of flood and climate change risk perceptions and intention to adapt: an explorative survey in coastal and delta Vietnam
Ngo, Chinh C. ; Poortvliet, Marijn ; Feindt, Peter H. - \ 2019
Journal of Risk Research (2019). - ISSN 1366-9877
adaptive behaviour - Climate change perception - extended parallel processing model - flood risk perception - protection motivation theory

This article contributes to current research about determinants of climate change and flood risk perception, and intentions to take adaptive measures. We propose a research model that distinguishes between vulnerability and severity components of perceived risks, and adds perceived adaptive capacity as a third factor to predict the intention to take adaptive measures. We used this combined model as a conceptual lens for an explorative survey among 1086 residents of coastal and delta communities in Vietnam. Pairwise analyses revealed a significant association of flood and climate change risk perceptions with individual’s flood experience, climate change knowledge, frequency of community participation and socio-demographic factors. However, in multivariate analysis, the influence of most socio-demographic factors became weak or patchy. Flood experience was the most influential driver of flood-related risk perceptions but weak for climate change-related risk perceptions and behavioural intentions. Knowledge strongly increased the intention to adapt to flood and climate risks and the perceived vulnerability to and severity of climate change risks, but reduced the perceived capacity to adapt to climate risks. Frequency of community participation increased the perceived vulnerability and severity of climate change risks, the intention to adapt to both climate and flood risks and the perceived capacity to adapt to flood risks, but reduced the perceived capacity to adapt to climate risks. Our research confirms earlier findings that individuals’ knowledge, place-specific experience and social-cultural influences are key predictors of both flood and climate change risk perceptions and intentions to take adaptive measures. These factors should therefore receive ample attention in climate risk communication.

Shaping conditions for entrepreneurship in climate change adaptation: A case study of an emerging governance arrangement in the Netherlands
Block, Debora de; Feindt, Peter H. ; Slobbe, Erik van - \ 2019
Ecology and Society 24 (2019)1. - ISSN 1708-3087
Climate change - Ecosystem-based adaptation - Entrepreneurship - Governance arrangements

Planning and implementation of regional climate change adaptation requires new, integrated governance arrangements that often involve public and private actors. Although entrepreneurship is widely considered an important part of such arrangements, little is known about the conditions that enable it, and its actual role is under-researched. Through an in-depth case study of an ecosystem-based adaptation project in the Netherlands, we have analyzed how the variegated actors in a governance network shape six conditions for entrepreneurial success, established in the entrepreneurship literature. Through a framing analysis, we found that all six conditions, i.e., prior career experience, altruistic motivations, financial motives, social networks, financial capital availability, and policies and regulations, were the object of constant negotiations. Their salience varied during the project as a result of variegated framing practices. In the early stages, issue, identity, and relationship frames were used to create a network of people with a range of relevant experience, connected by altruistic motivations. However, as the project progressed, distrust frames and different spatial-and temporal-scale frames created tensions between public and private actors. Accordingly, process frames, financial motivations, and capital availability became increasingly salient, reflecting the need to consolidate rules, roles, and responsibilities. The findings suggest that approaches to climate change adaptation imply ongoing struggles over the conditions that enable entrepreneurial success. We thereby add an important new dimension to the study of adaptation governance.

Meat alternatives: an integrative comparison
Weele, Cor van der; Feindt, Peter ; Jan van der Goot, Atze ; Mierlo, Barbara van; Boekel, Martinus van - \ 2019
Trends in Food Science and Technology 88 (2019). - ISSN 0924-2244 - p. 505 - 512.
Algae - Cultured meat - Innovation - Insects - Plant-based meat alternatives - Protein transition - Pulses - Sustainability

Background: Meat, an important source of protein and other nutrients in human diets, is one of the major drivers of global environmental change in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, land and water use, animal welfare, human health and directions of breeding. Novel alternatives, including novel meat proxies (cultured meat, plant-based meat alternatives), insects and novel protein sources (like algae)receive increasing attention. But plausible socio-technological pathways for their further development have not yet been compared in an integrative, interdisciplinary perspective. Scope and approach: This paper applies an integrated conceptual framework – the Reflexive Integrative Comparative Heuristic (RICH)– to comparatively assess the nutritional implications, potential sustainability gains and required technological and social-institutional change of five meat alternatives. We formulate plausible pathways for each alternative and identify their pre-conditions and implications. Key findings and conclusions: High levels of transformation and processing limit the environmental sustainability gains of cultured meat, highly processed plant-based meat alternatives, algae- and insect-based food. At the same time, a high degree of societal coordination is needed to enable the potentially disruptive level of technological, organisational and institutional innovations needed to make these novel alternatives viable. Widespread expectations that solutions require break-through novelties or high-tech alternatives imply a neglect of existing and viable alternatives. Our integrative analysis suggests that the priority given to meat alternatives with limited sustainability potential does not just raise questions of technological optimisation of production systems, but is also a second-order problem of the framing of search directions.

Consumer reactions to unfamiliar technologies: mental and social formation of perceptions and attitudes toward nano and GM products
Feindt, Peter H. ; Poortvliet, P.M. - \ 2019
Journal of Risk Research (2019). - ISSN 1366-9877
focus groups - genetic modification - labeling - Nanotechnology - risk perception - trust

Using focus groups, the research analyses the mental and social processes through which consumers form perceptions and opinions about unfamiliar technologies and the derived products, taking the perception of nanotechnology and nano-products, GM and GM products as example. Our findings suggest that limited understanding of the technological principles and lack of (visible) products prevent the formation of experience-based attitudes and behavioral intentions. In this context, consumers interpret and assess cognitive interventions such as product labels or product information, as well as the trustworthiness of unfamiliar information sources, based on heuristic clues, association, mutual reassurance and previous attitudes. The established determinants of technology risk perception (e.g. knowledge, social norms, perceived risks and benefits and controllability) were the subject of constant deliberation and negotiation among participants. Consequently, the perception of risk and technology communication interventions might vary greatly across different locations and segments of the public, complicating risk communication and trust-building.

Discursive translations of gender mainstreaming norms : The case of agricultural and climate change policies in Uganda
Acosta, Mariola ; Bommel, Severine van; Wessel, Margit van; Ampaire, Edidah L. ; Jassogne, Laurence ; Feindt, Peter H. - \ 2019
Women's Studies International Forum 74 (2019). - ISSN 0277-5395 - p. 9 - 19.
Gender mainstreaming - Norm domestication - Norm translation - Transformational potential - Uganda

While the international norm on gender mainstreaming, UN-backed since 1995, has been widely adopted in national policies, gender inequalities are rarely systematically addressed on the ground. To explain this limited effectiveness, this paper takes a discourse analytical perspective on gender policy and budgeting, with a focus on the translation of the international norm into domestic norms and policies. An in-depth, inductive analysis of 107 policy documents in Uganda examines how the gender mainstreaming norm has been translated at three administrative levels: national, district, sub-county. The analysis finds five processes that reduce the norm's transformational potential: neglecting gender discourse, gender inertia, shrinking gender norms, embracing discursive hybridity and minimizing budgets. Overall, gender mainstreaming largely stopped at the discursive level, and often paradoxically depoliticized gender. The findings explain why gender mainstreaming might be helpful but not sufficient for advancing gender equality and suggest additional focus on promising practices, women's rights movements and stronger monitoring.

Towards sustainable European grassland farming with Inno4Grass: an infrastructure for innovation and knowledge sharing
Krause, A. ; Becker, Talea ; Feindt, Peter H. ; Huyghe, C. ; O'Donovan, Michael ; Peeters, A. ; Pol, A. van den - \ 2018
In: Sustainable meat and milk production from grasslands. - Zürich : European Grassland Federation EGF (Grassland Science in Europe ) - ISBN 9781841706436 - p. 925 - 936.
European agriculture is facing tremendous challenges related to the rapid decrease of farm populations, competitiveness on open markets and the preservation of natural resources on finite areas. Grasslands, which are highly significant for nature conservation, often face land-use competition with arable cropping, urbanisation and other uses. Farmers need dedicated innovations to improve grasslands economic performance and their effective implementation in practice. This requires co-creation of knowledge between researchers and farmland practitioners, as was broadly pointed out by the European Commission. This paper describes a novel approach to create a collaborative space for grassland innovations contributing to profitability of European grassland farms while preserving environmental benefits. Innovative modes of collaboration between practice and science are enabled by an international thematic network across eight European member states. A methodolog y serves to collect farmers’ innovative ideas and to stimulate collaboration among various stakeholders (farmers’ groups, extension services, education and research) including cross-border collaborations, where grassland-related knowledge is made available for local conditions. This interactive innovation model fosters knowledge exchange and establishes a farmland-specific Information Management System. The aim is to stimulate a renewed, collaborative innovation culture for EU grasslands. The methods are conceptualised and put into practice by the Thematic Network project Inno4Grass funded under Horizon 2020.
D4.1: Assessing how policies enable or constrain the Resilience of Farming Systems in the European Union: the Resilience Assessment Tool (ResAT)
Termeer, C.J.A.M. ; Candel, J.J.L. ; Feindt, Peter ; Buitenhuis, Yannick - \ 2018
- 44 p.
The Quantified Animal: Precision Livestock Farming and the Ethical Implications of Objectification
Bos, Jacqueline M. ; Bovenkerk, Bernice ; Feindt, Peter H. ; Dam, Ynte K. Van - \ 2018
Food Ethics 2 (2018)1. - ISSN 2364-6853 - p. 77 - 92.
Precision livestock farming (PLF) is the management of livestock using the principles and technology of process engineering. Key to PLF is the dense monitoring of variegated parameters, including animal growth, output of produce (e.g. milk, eggs), diseases, animal behaviour, and the physical environment (e.g. thermal micro-environment, ammonia emissions). While its proponents consider PLF a win-win strategy that combines production
efficiency with sustainability goals and animal welfare, critics emphasise, inter alia, the potential interruption of human-animal relationships. This paper discusses the notion that the objectification of animals by PLF influences the developmental pathways of conventional industrial farming. We conduct a conceptual analysis of objectification by comparing discussions in feminist ethics and animal ethics. We find that in animal ethics, objectification includes deontological arguments regarding instrumentalisation, de-animalisation, alienation, commodification and quantification of animals. The focus on socio-political context and relationality connects these debates to central ideas in care ethics. We adopt a care ethics perspective to assess the implications of the objectification of animals in livestock farming. The basic claim is that sensory knowledge symbolised by the farmers’ unity of hand, head and heart would make it harder to objectify animals than abstract and instrumental reasoning where the pursuit of knowledge is intertwined with the pursuit of control, as in mainstream PLF. Despite of what can be considered as a good caring relationship between farmers and animals that is mediated by PLF, people involved in conventional industrial farming still seem to become further detached from farmers and animals, because the PLF system itself is objectifying.
PLF redefines the notion of care, in terms of data transparency, standardisation of methods for analysis, real-time collection and processing of data, remote control, and the use of digital platforms. This creates new expectations and requires a redistribution of responsibilities within a wider scope of relations in the value chain.
A framework to analyse the resilience of EU farming systems
Reidsma, P. ; Paas, W.H. ; Mathijs, E. ; Finger, R. ; Mey, Y. de; Termeer, C.J.A.M. ; Feindt, Peter ; Balmann, Alfons ; Wauters, Erwin ; Garrido, Alberto ; Meuwissen, M.P.M. - \ 2018
In: Landscape 2018: Frontiers of agricultural landscape research. - Müncheberg : Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) - p. 233 - 234.
A framework to analyse the resilience of EU farming systems
Meuwissen, M.P.M. ; Paas, W.H. ; Slijper, H.T. ; Dresvyannikova, V. ; Coopmans, Isabeau ; Ciechomska, Anna ; Lievens, Eewoud ; Deckers, J. ; Vroege, Willemijn ; Mathijs, E. ; Kopainsky, Birgit ; Finger, R. ; Mey, Y. de; Poortvliet, P.M. ; Nicholas-Davies, P. ; Midmore, Peter ; Vigani, M. ; Maye, Damian ; Balmann, A. ; Appel, Franziska ; Termeer, C.J.A.M. ; Feindt, P.H. ; Candel, J.J.L. ; Tichit, M. ; Severini, Simone ; Wauters, Erwin ; Bardají, Isabel ; Soriano, B. ; Zawalinska, Katarzina ; Lagerkvist, Carl-Johan ; Manevska-Tasevska, Gordana ; Peneva, Mariya ; Gavrilescu, Camelia ; Reidsma, P. - \ 2018
A framework to analyse the resilience of EU farming systems
Meuwissen, M.P.M. ; Paas, W.H. ; Slijper, H.T. ; Dresvyannikova, V. ; Coopmans, Isabeau ; Ciechomska, Anna ; Lievens, Eewoud ; Deckers, J. ; Vroege, Willemijn ; Mathijs, E. ; Kopainsky, Birgit ; Finger, R. ; Mey, Y. de; Poortvliet, P.M. ; Nicholas-Davies, P. ; Midmore, D. ; Vigani, M. ; Maye, Damian ; Balmann, A. ; Appel, Franziska ; Termeer, C.J.A.M. ; Feindt, P.H. ; Candel, J.J.L. ; Tichit, M. ; Severini, Simone ; Wauters, Erwin ; Bardají, Isabel ; Soriano, B. ; Zawalinska, Katarzina ; Lagerkvist, Carl-Johan ; Manevska-Tasevska, Gordana ; Peneva, Mariya ; Gavrilescu, Camelia ; Reidsma, P. - \ 2018
Applying citizen science for malaria prevention in Rwanda : an integrated conceptual framework
Asingizwe, Domina ; Poortvliet, P.M. ; Koenraadt, C.J.M. ; Vliet, A.J.H. van; Murindahabi, Marilyn ; Ingabire, Chantal Marie ; Mutesa, Leon ; Feindt, P.H. - \ 2018
NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 86-87 (2018). - ISSN 1573-5214 - p. 111 - 122.
Malaria remains a major threat to public health. Long-Lasting Insecticide-treated Nets (LLINs) and Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) have been widely adopted as important malaria prevention and control interventions and have contributed to significant reduction in malaria incidence. However, recently malaria resurgence has been reported in different countries, including Rwanda, indicating that current attempts to control and eliminate malaria may be failing due to environmental changes and changes in human behaviour. Engaging citizens in malaria prevention and control would help them to identify and prioritize their own health concerns and be able to make appropriate decisions. A citizen science approach to monitor ecological changes by providing timely information is likely to support more effective and consistent use of malaria prevention and control interventions. However, the application of citizen science in malaria prevention and control has lagged behind when comparing with areas of disease diagnosis and treatment. In addition, the determinants of participation in such a citizen science program have not been fully analyzed. This paper presents a conceptual model of likely determinants of participation in connective action (sharing and exchange of malaria-related information), effective and consistent use of malaria preventive and control measures (LLINs and IRS) and collective action (participating in public goods for malaria prevention). The model will guide future research on behavioural and contextual factors and may enhance the effective and consistent use of malaria preventive and control interventions.
Addressing socio-ecological development challenges in the digital age : Exploring the potential of Environmental Virtual Observatories for Connective Action (EVOCA)
Cieslik, K.J. ; Leeuwis, C. ; Dewulf, A.R.P.J. ; Lie, R. ; Werners, S.E. ; Wessel, M. van; Feindt, P. ; Struik, P.C. - \ 2018
NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 86-87 (2018). - ISSN 1573-5214 - p. 2 - 11.
Citizen science - Collective action - Connective action - EVOs - ICT4D - Participatory environmental monitoring

Climate change, (a) biotic stresses and environmental degradation are adversely affecting the sustenance of farming communities in Africa. Addressing such challenges requires effective collective action and coordination among stakeholders, which often prove difficult to achieve. Timely and context-specific information on relevant environmental dynamics holds considerable promise to overcome these problems. This paper investigates the role of citizen science in facilitating knowledge co-creation and sharing between academia, development actors and users in developing country contexts. In our approach, we focus on information sharing platforms (known as Environmental Virtual Observatories, EVOs) and their potential to facilitate adaptive decision-making in six rural case-study areas in Africa. We complement the existing theory on EVOs with a focused exploration of the connective function of ICT-enabled multi-stakeholder exchange. We propose that increased connectivity may enable new forms of collective action (labelled ‘connective action’), relevant to addressing socio-ecological challenges. Along these lines, this paper presents the theoretical and conceptual grounding of a research program that aspires to develop Environmental Virtual Observatories for Connective Action (EVOCAs) and to explore their potential for improved crop, water, livestock and disease management in rural Africa.

Der Status quo ist keine Option-Vorschlag für eine zukunftsfähige Architektur der Agrarpolitik
Feindt, Peter H. ; Krämer, Christine ; Früh-Müller, Andrea ; Wolters, Volkmar ; Pahl-Wostl, Claudia ; Heißenhuber, Alois ; Bers, Caroline van; Thomas, Fabian ; Purnhagen, Kai - \ 2018
Natur und Landschaft 93 (2018)6. - ISSN 0028-0615 - p. 280 - 285.
Agri-environmental policy - Agricultural policy - CAP - Innovation - Nature conservation - Sustainability

The environmental impacts of agriculture give cause for concern in many areas. This paper proposes a new architecture for a sustainability-oriented agricultural policy that aims to secure public goods, conserve nature and protect the environment while at the same time fostering the transition of the agricultural sector in the face of new challenges and maintaining competitiveness in open markets and global value chains. The proposed policy architecture consists of seven elements: EU-wide premiums for basic environmental and climate protection measures; semi-automated premiums for landscape diversity; continuation of the voluntary farm-level agri-environment-climate measures; a 'nature and agriculture cooperation programme' for integrated landscape and resource management at the regional level; an innovation initiative for sustainability-based value-added markets and consumer competence; enhanced regulatory minimum standards and their enforcement; and accompanying investments in infrastructure, environmental technology, research and knowledge transfer. The new architecture could be introduced gradually by 2027.

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