Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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sPlot – A new tool for global vegetation analyses
Bruelheide, Helge ; Dengler, Jürgen ; Jiménez-Alfaro, Borja ; Purschke, Oliver ; Hennekens, Stephan M. ; Chytrý, Milan ; Pillar, Valério D. ; Jansen, Florian ; Kattge, Jens ; Sandel, Brody ; Aubin, Isabelle ; Biurrun, Idoia ; Field, Richard ; Haider, Sylvia ; Jandt, Ute ; Lenoir, Jonathan ; Peet, Robert K. ; Peyre, Gwendolyn ; Sabatini, Francesco Maria ; Schmidt, Marco ; Schrodt, Franziska ; Winter, Marten ; Aćić, Svetlana ; Agrillo, Emiliano ; Alvarez, Miguel ; Ambarlı, Didem ; Angelini, Pierangela ; Apostolova, Iva ; Arfin Khan, Mohammed A.S. ; Arnst, Elise ; Attorre, Fabio ; Baraloto, Christopher ; Beckmann, Michael ; Berg, Christian ; Bergeron, Yves ; Bergmeier, Erwin ; Bjorkman, Anne D. ; Bondareva, Viktoria ; Borchardt, Peter ; Botta-Dukát, Zoltán ; Boyle, Brad ; Breen, Amy ; Brisse, Henry ; Byun, Chaeho ; Cabido, Marcelo R. ; Casella, Laura ; Cayuela, Luis ; Černý, Tomáš ; Chepinoga, Victor ; Csiky, János ; Curran, Michael ; Ćušterevska, Renata ; Dajić Stevanović, Zora ; Bie, Els De; Ruffray, Patrice de; Sanctis, Michele De; Dimopoulos, Panayotis ; Dressler, Stefan ; Ejrnæs, Rasmus ; El-Sheikh, Mohamed A.E.R.M. ; Enquist, Brian ; Ewald, Jörg ; Fagúndez, Jaime ; Finckh, Manfred ; Font, Xavier ; Forey, Estelle ; Fotiadis, Georgios ; García-Mijangos, Itziar ; Gasper, André Luis de; Golub, Valentin ; Gutierrez, Alvaro G. ; Hatim, Mohamed Z. ; He, Tianhua ; Higuchi, Pedro ; Holubová, Dana ; Hölzel, Norbert ; Homeier, Jürgen ; Indreica, Adrian ; Işık Gürsoy, Deniz ; Jansen, Steven ; Janssen, John ; Jedrzejek, Birgit ; Jiroušek, Martin ; Jürgens, Norbert ; Kącki, Zygmunt ; Kavgacı, Ali ; Kearsley, Elizabeth ; Kessler, Michael ; Knollová, Ilona ; Kolomiychuk, Vitaliy ; Korolyuk, Andrey ; Kozhevnikova, Maria ; Kozub, Łukasz ; Krstonošić, Daniel ; Kühl, Hjalmar ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Kuzemko, Anna ; Küzmič, Filip ; Landucci, Flavia ; Lee, Michael T. ; Levesley, Aurora ; Li, Ching Feng ; Liu, Hongyan ; Lopez-Gonzalez, Gabriela ; Lysenko, Tatiana ; Macanović, Armin ; Mahdavi, Parastoo ; Manning, Peter ; Marcenò, Corrado ; Martynenko, Vassiliy ; Mencuccini, Maurizio ; Minden, Vanessa ; Moeslund, Jesper Erenskjold ; Moretti, Marco ; Müller, Jonas V. ; Munzinger, Jérôme ; Niinemets, Ülo ; Nobis, Marcin ; Noroozi, Jalil ; Nowak, Arkadiusz ; Onyshchenko, Viktor ; Overbeck, Gerhard E. ; Ozinga, Wim A. ; Pauchard, Anibal ; Pedashenko, Hristo ; Peñuelas, Josep ; Pérez-Haase, Aaron ; Peterka, Tomáš ; Petřík, Petr ; Phillips, Oliver L. ; Prokhorov, Vadim ; Rašomavičius, Valerijus ; Revermann, Rasmus ; Rodwell, John ; Ruprecht, Eszter ; Rūsiņa, Solvita ; Samimi, Cyrus ; Schaminée, Joop H.J. ; Schmiedel, Ute ; Šibík, Jozef ; Šilc, Urban ; Škvorc, Željko ; Smyth, Anita ; Sop, Tenekwetche ; Sopotlieva, Desislava ; Sparrow, Ben ; Stančić, Zvjezdana ; Svenning, Jens Christian ; Swacha, Grzegorz ; Tang, Zhiyao ; Tsiripidis, Ioannis ; Turtureanu, Pavel Dan ; Uğurlu, Emin ; Uogintas, Domas ; Valachovič, Milan ; Vanselow, Kim André ; Vashenyak, Yulia ; Vassilev, Kiril ; Vélez-Martin, Eduardo ; Venanzoni, Roberto ; Vibrans, Alexander Christian ; Violle, Cyrille ; Virtanen, Risto ; Wehrden, Henrik von; Wagner, Viktoria ; Walker, Donald A. ; Wana, Desalegn ; Weiher, Evan ; Wesche, Karsten ; Whitfeld, Timothy ; Willner, Wolfgang ; Wiser, Susan ; Wohlgemuth, Thomas ; Yamalov, Sergey ; Zizka, Georg ; Zverev, Andrei - \ 2019
Journal of Vegetation Science 30 (2019)2. - ISSN 1100-9233 - p. 161 - 186.
biodiversity - community ecology - ecoinformatics - functional diversity - global scale - macroecology - phylogenetic diversity - plot database - sPlot - taxonomic diversity - vascular plant - vegetation relevé

Aims: Vegetation-plot records provide information on the presence and cover or abundance of plants co-occurring in the same community. Vegetation-plot data are spread across research groups, environmental agencies and biodiversity research centers and, thus, are rarely accessible at continental or global scales. Here we present the sPlot database, which collates vegetation plots worldwide to allow for the exploration of global patterns in taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic diversity at the plant community level. Results: sPlot version 2.1 contains records from 1,121,244 vegetation plots, which comprise 23,586,216 records of plant species and their relative cover or abundance in plots collected worldwide between 1885 and 2015. We complemented the information for each plot by retrieving climate and soil conditions and the biogeographic context (e.g., biomes) from external sources, and by calculating community-weighted means and variances of traits using gap-filled data from the global plant trait database TRY. Moreover, we created a phylogenetic tree for 50,167 out of the 54,519 species identified in the plots. We present the first maps of global patterns of community richness and community-weighted means of key traits. Conclusions: The availability of vegetation plot data in sPlot offers new avenues for vegetation analysis at the global scale.

One Health - Cycling of diverse microbial communities as a connecting force for soil, plant, animal, human and ecosystem health
Bruggen, A.H.C. van; Goss, E.M. ; Havelaar, A. ; Diepeningen, A.D. van; Finckh, Maria R. ; Morris, J.G. - \ 2019
Science of the Total Environment 664 (2019). - ISSN 0048-9697 - p. 927 - 937.
The One Health concept proposes that there is a connection between human, animal and environmental health. Plants and their health are not explicitly included. In this review, we broaden the One Health concept to include soil, plant, animal and ecosystemhealth.Weargue that the health conditions of all organisms in an ecosystemare interconnected through the cycling of subsets of microbial communities fromthe environment (in particular the soil) to plants, animals and humans, and back into the environment. After an introduction on health concepts,we present examples of community stability and resilience, diversity and interconnectedness as affected by pollutants, and integrity of nutrient cycles and energy flows. Next, we explain our concept of microbial cycling in relation to ecosystem health, and end with examples of plant and animal disease outbreaks in relation to microbial community composition and diversity.We conclude thatwe need a better understanding of the role of interconnected microbiomes in promoting plant and animal health and possible ways to stimulate a healthy, diverse microbiome throughout human-dominated ecosystems. We suggest that it is essential to maintain ecosystem and soil health through diversification of plant communities and oligotrophication of managed ecosystems.
Advocating a need for suitable breeding approaches to boost integrated pest management : A European perspective
Lamichhane, Jay Ram ; Arseniuk, Edward ; Boonekamp, Piet ; Czembor, Jerzy ; Decroocq, Veronique ; Enjalbert, Jérome ; Finckh, Maria R. ; Korbin, Małgorzata ; Koppel, Mati ; Kudsk, Per ; Mesterhazy, Akos ; Sosnowska, Danuta ; Zimnoch-Guzowska, Ewa ; Messéan, Antoine - \ 2018
Pest Management Science 74 (2018)6. - ISSN 1526-498X - p. 1219 - 1227.
Crop diversification - Decentralization - DUS - Food security - Minor crops - Participatory plant breeding - Seed legislation - Sustainable agriculture
Currently, European farmers do not have access to sufficient numbers and diversity of crop species/varieties. This prevents them from designing cropping systems more resilient to abiotic and biotic stresses. Crop diversification is a key lever to reduce pest (pathogens, animal pests and weeds) pressures at all spatial levels from fields to landscapes. In this context, plant breeding should consist of: (1) increased efforts in the development of new or minor crop varieties to foster diversity in cropping systems, and (2) focus on more resilient varieties showing local adaptation. This new breeding paradigm, called here 'breeding for integrated pest management (IPM)', may boost IPM through the development of cultivars with tolerance or resistance to key pests, with the goal of reducing reliance on conventional pesticides. At the same time, this paradigm has legal and practical implications for future breeding programs, including those targeting sustainable agricultural systems. By putting these issues into the context, this article presents the key outcomes of a questionnaire survey and experts' views expressed during an EU workshop entitled 'Breeding for IPM in sustainable agricultural systems'.
Resistance and resistance breeding for organic farming
Milliano, W.A.J. de; Lammerts Van Bueren, E. ; Voorrips, R.E. ; Myers, J.R. - \ 2015
In: Plant Diseases and Their Management in Organic Agriculture / Finckh, Maria R., van Bruggen, Ariena H.C., Tamm, Lucius, APS Press - ISBN 9780890544761 - p. 175 - 187.
Organic Apple Disease Management
Holb, I. ; Heijne, B. ; Tamm, L. - \ 2015
In: Plant Diseases and Their Management in Organic Agriculture / Finckh, M.R., Bruggen, van, A.H.C., Tamm, L., St. Paul, Minnesota, USA : APS Press - ISBN 9780890544761 - p. 319 - 334.
Health Management for Seeds and Other Organic Propagation Material
Koch, E. ; Groot, S.P.C. - \ 2015
In: Plant Diseaes and Their Management in Organic Agriculture / Finckh, M.R., van Bruggen, A.H.C., Tamm, L., Minnesota : The American Phytopathological Society - ISBN 9780890544761 - p. 189 - 203.
Propagation material is an integral part of the crop produc­ tion chain. The genetic constitution of the cultivar should guar­ atee optimal adaptation to the growing conditions and a good yield with the desired quality characteristics. Healthy and vig­ orous seeds, seed tubers, or transplants are essential for rapid establishment of the crop. Use of poorly germinating seeds or seed bers infected with pathogens results at least in losses bu t often Ill crop failure. The term "propagation material" refers to seeds and· veg­etatitve material such as seed tubers (e.g., potato), bulbs (e.g., onions, shallots, and some ornamentals), cuttings (trees and shrubs), young plants (transplants) produced from either cut­tings or seeds, and grafted plants (as is common for fruit trees and becoming increasingly important for vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers and cucurbits) Although the genetic material used in organic farming i s often the same as that used in con­ ventional production, cultivars with trait5 that are less impor­ tant or even unwanted in conventional farming are sometimes preferred in organic farming. This holds true, for example, for cultivars that are adapted to the local soils and are resistant to pests and diseases common to the area or for those that exhibit structural features that contribute to disease control or weed suppression . Examples of the latter are tall wheat cultivars that provide greater ground cover or have a higher light interception level or leaf area index than shorter and less competitive culti­ vars (Drews et al., 2009). The use of chemical crop protectants and fertilizers in the production of conventional propagation material has enabled improvement in the quality of seeds and seed tubers, especially in the high-value seed market. Obtain­ ing similar high-quality propagation material under organic production conditions presen ts a challenge, especially with crops for which the seeds are not the product that is normally harvested. The term "vigor" is defined as the potential of seeds to germinate and produce good-quality seedlings, even under suboptimal field conditions. Making nutrients available from organic fertilizers requires microbial activity. With cold soils in the spring, microbial activity is low. In order to mobilize enough nutrients, the use of highly vigorous seeds that ger­ minate rapidly and produce seedlings with fast-growing root systems is important in establishing a new organic crop. Fewer options for disease control are available in organic farming, so avoidance of seedborne diseases is more important than in con­ ventional crop production .
The Global Index of Vegetation-plot Databases (GIVD): a new resource for vegetation science
Jansen, F. ; Chytry, M. ; Caceres, M. de; Dengler, J. ; Ewald, J. ; Finckh, M. ; Glöckler, F. ; Lopez-Gonzalez, G. ; Mucina, L. ; Oldeland, J. ; Peet, R.K. ; Rodwell, J.S. ; Schaminee, J.H.J. ; Spencer, N. - \ 2011
In: 54th Symposium if the International Association for Vegetation Science, Vegetation in and around water: patterns, processes threats, Lyon, France, 20 - 24 June, 2011. - - p. 36 - 36.
Metadatabases have improved data visibility and availability to the scientific community. However, in vegetation science, where numerous databases were established on the (multi-)national, regional or local scale, no global metadatabase existed that would facilitate the communication of vegetation data. We compiled the Global Index of Vegetation-Plot Databases (GIVD; http://www.givd.info), an internet-based resource aimed to contain metadata of existing vegetation databases. For inclusion, databases need to (i) contain temporally and spatially explicit species co-occurrence data for plots of 1 ha or smaller, and (ii) be accessible to the scientific community. This poster summarizes the already registered databases in the GIVD.
A new metadatabase on vegetation-plot data: the Global Index of Vegetation-Plot databases (GIVD)
Jansen, F. ; Chytry, M. ; Caceres, M. de; Dengler, J. ; Ewald, J. ; Finckh, M. ; Glöckler, F. ; Lopez-Gonzalez, G. ; Mucina, L. ; Oldeland, J. ; Peet, R.K. ; Rodwell, J.S. ; Schaminee, J.H.J. ; Spencer, N. - \ 2011
The Global Index of Vegetation-Plot Databases (GIVD): a new resource for macroecologists
Dengler, J. ; Chytry, M. ; Caceres, M. de; Ewald, J. ; Finckh, M. ; Glöckler, F. ; Lopez-Gonzalez, G. ; Jansen, F. ; Mucina, L. ; Oldeland, J. ; Peet, R.K. ; Rodwell, J.S. ; Schaminee, J.H.J. ; Spencer, N. - \ 2011
Time for a shift in crop production: embracing complexity through diversity at all levels
Ostergard, H. ; Finckh, M.R. ; Fontaine, L. ; Goldringer, I. ; Hoad, S. ; Kristensen, K. ; Lammerts Van Bueren, E. ; Mascher, F. ; Munk, L. ; Wolfe, M.S. - \ 2009
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 89 (2009)9. - ISSN 0022-5142 - p. 1439 - 1445.
earthworms aporrectodea-rosea - soil organic-matter - genotype-environment interactions - ecosystem services - wheat populations - powdery mildew - food security - agricultural sustainability - conservation tillage - carbon sequestration
A radical shift in our approach to crop production is needed to ensure food security and to address the problems of soil degradation, loss of biodiversity, polluted and restricted water supplies, coupled with a future of fossil fuel limitations and increasingly variable climatic conditions. An interdisciplinary network of European scientists put forward visions for future crop production embracing the complexity of our socio-ecological system by applying the principle of diversity at all levels from soil micro-organisms to plant varieties and cropping systems. This approach, integrated with careful deployment of our finite global resources and implementation of appropriate sustainable technology, appears to be the only way to ensure the scale of system resilience needed to cope with many of our concerns. We discuss some of the most important tools such as (i) building soil fertility by recycling of nutrients and sustainable use of other natural and physical resources, (ii) enhancing biological diversity by breeding of crops resilient to climate change and (iii) reconnecting all stakeholders in crop production. Finally, we emphasise some of the changes in agricultural and environmental regulation and policy needed in order to implement the visions.
The canon of potato science: 32. Variety mixtures and diversification strategies
Finckh, M.R. ; Wolfe, M.S. ; Lammerts Van Bueren, E. - \ 2007
Potato Research 50 (2007)3-4. - ISSN 0014-3065 - p. 335 - 339.
Assessment of the Socio-Economic Impact of Late Blight and State-of-the-Art Management in European Organic Potato Production Systems
Tamm, L. ; Smit, A.B. ; Hospers, M. ; Janssens, S.R.M. ; Buurma, J.S. ; Molgaard, J.P. ; Laerke, P.E. ; Hansen, H.H. ; Hermans, A. ; Bodker, L. ; Bertrand, C. ; Lambion, J. ; Finckh, M.R. ; Schuler, C. ; Lammerts Van Bueren, E. ; Ruissen, T. ; Nielsen, B.J. ; Solberg, S. ; Speiser, B. ; Wolfe, M.S. ; Philips, S. ; Wilcoxon, S.J. ; Leifert, C. - \ 2004
Frick, Switzerland : FiBL (FiBL report 2936) - ISBN 3906081540 - 109 p.
In Europe, late blight, caused by Phytophthora infestans, is the most devastating disease affecting organic (and conventional) potato production. Under suitable environmental conditions the disease can spread rapidly and it can cause complete crop loss. The extent of damage due to late blight depends on several factors: in organic production systems these factors include climate, choice of variety, soil management and use of crop protection agents such as copper. Therefore, the extent of economic damage varies between European regions. Council Regulation (EEC) No 2092/91, amended by Commission Regulation (EC) No 473/2002 of 15 March 2002 regulates the use of copper in organic agriculture. Copper has been the single most important control agent in organic late blight control. Therefore, the reduction or an eventual phasing out of copper use will have varying impacts in different regions. This report presents the results of a detailed survey that has been conducted in 7 European countries in the year 2001. It is a subproject of the EU-funded project Blight-MOP (QLRT 31065). The survey investigates legislative, socio-economic and production parameters. The aim of this study was: (i) to obtain an inventory of the current organic potato production techniques, (ii) to assess the impact of a potential ban of copper on yields and viability of organic potato production and (iii) to identify alternative plant protection strategies that are used by organic farmers. This report includes: (i) statistics on yields, farm gate prices, and production techniques, (ii) an analysis offarmer observations and experiences on the extent and impact of late blight epidemics, (iii) an analysis of the farmer¿s motivations, expectations and their assessment of the potential impact of a copper ban. Using multiple linear regression we identified production factors which appear to consistently contribute to production success
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