Implications of the diversity of concepts and values of nature in the management and governance of protected and conserved areas
Mallarach, Josep-Maria ; Frascaroli, Fabrizio ; Tuladhar-Douglas, Will ; Liljeblad, Jonathan ; Borde, R. ; Bernbaum, Edwin ; Verschuuren, B. - \ 2018
In: Cultural and Spiritual Significance of Nature in Protected Areas / Verschuuren, B., Brown, S., Routledge - ISBN 9781138091184 - p. 21 - 35.
This chapter discusses the diversity of concepts and values of ‘nature’. It provides a background to the Western Enlightenment construct of ‘nature’ and examines the ways in which this worldview has historically shaped the designation, management, and governance of protected areas—with particular reference to the perspectives and work of the IUCN. We also consider why a Western concept of nature as separate or contrary continues to be applied, but equally the ways in which diverse worldviews—expressed in language and religion, for example—are re-shaping conservation practice. We conclude by discussing the opportunities and challenges that recognising and integrating diverse concepts and values of nature has for the conservation community.
|Conserving Biocultural Diversity at Sacred Sites: a European Perspective
Frascaroli, F. ; Verschuuren, B. - \ 2016
In: Linking Biological and Cultural Diversity in Europe. - Springer Verlag
Linking Biocultural Diversity and Sacred Sites: Evidence and Recommendations in the European Framework
Frascaroli, Fabrizio ; Verschuuren, B. - \ 2016
In: Biocultural Diversity in Europe / Agnoletti, Mauro, Emanueli, Francesca, Springer (Environmental History ) - ISBN 9783319263137 - p. 389 - 417.
There is growing recognition that sacred natural sites (SNS) form
hotspots of biocultural diversity and significantly contribute to conservation in
traditional non-western societies. Using empirical evidence from SNS in Central
Italy, we illustrate how a similar link between spiritual, cultural, and biological
values can be fundamental also in relatively secular and modernized European
contexts. We show that SNS are key to sustaining traditional practices and local
identities, and represent important instances of biodiversity-rich cultural landscapes.
Based on other case studies from across Europe, we suggest that these conclusions
can be relevant also at a broader European scale. Greater awareness from planners
and policy-makers, however, is needed to safeguard and emphasize the role of
European sacred sites as refugia for biocultural diversity. We review policy
guidelines on SNS previously developed by International Union for the
Conservation for Nature (IUCN) and United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and aimed at protected area managers and
planners. We assess the applicability of these guidelines in European contexts, and
complement them with findings and insight from Central Italy. We provide recommendations
for guidelines that are suited to SNS related to mainstream faiths in