Antenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation: call to action for change in recommendation
Bourassa, Megan W. ; Osendarp, Saskia J.M. ; Adu‐Afarwuah, Seth ; Ahmed, Saima ; Ajello, Clayton ; Bergeron, Gilles ; Black, Robert ; Christian, Parul ; Cousens, Simon ; Pee, Saskia de; Dewey, Kathryn G. ; Arifeen, Shams El ; Engle‐Stone, Reina ; Fleet, Alison ; Gernand, Alison D. ; Hoddinott, John ; Klemm, Rolf ; Kraemer, Klaus ; Kupka, Roland ; McLean, Erin ; Moore, Sophie E. ; Neufeld, Lynnette M. ; Persson, L. ; Rasmussen, Kathleen M. ; Shankar, Anuraj H. ; Smith, Emily ; Sudfeld, Christopher R. ; Udomkesmalee, Emorn ; Vosti, Stephen A. - \ 2020
Annals of the New York Academy Of Sciences 1465 (2020)1. - ISSN 0077-8923 - p. 5 - 7.
Review of the evidence regarding the use of antenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation in low- and middle-income countries
Bourassa, Megan W. ; Osendarp, Saskia J.M. ; Adu-Afarwuah, Seth ; Ahmed, Saima ; Ajello, Clayton ; Bergeron, Gilles ; Black, Robert ; Christian, Parul ; Cousens, Simon ; Pee, Saskia de; Dewey, Kathryn G. ; Arifeen, Shams El ; Engle-Stone, Reina ; Fleet, Alison ; Gernand, Alison D. ; Hoddinott, John ; Klemm, Rolf ; Kraemer, Klaus ; Kupka, Roland ; McLean, Erin ; Moore, Sophie E. ; Neufeld, Lynnette M. ; Persson, Lars Åke ; Rasmussen, Kathleen M. ; Shankar, Anuraj H. ; Smith, Emily ; Sudfeld, Christopher R. ; Udomkesmalee, Emorn ; Vosti, Stephen A. - \ 2019
Annals of the New York Academy Of Sciences 1444 (2019)1. - ISSN 0077-8923 - p. 6 - 21.
LMICs - micronutrient - pregnancy - supplements
Inadequate micronutrient intakes are relatively common in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), especially among pregnant women, who have increased micronutrient requirements. This can lead to an increase in adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. This review presents the conclusions of a task force that set out to assess the prevalence of inadequate micronutrient intakes and adverse birth outcomes in LMICs; the data from trials comparing multiple micronutrient supplements (MMS) that contain iron and folic acid (IFA) with IFA supplements alone; the risks of reaching the upper intake levels with MMS; and the cost-effectiveness of MMS compared with IFA. Recent meta-analyses demonstrate that MMS can reduce the risks of preterm birth, low birth weight, and small for gestational age in comparison with IFA alone. An individual-participant data meta-analysis also revealed even greater benefits for anemic and underweight women and female infants. Importantly, there was no increased risk of harm for the pregnant women or their infants with MMS. These data suggest that countries with inadequate micronutrient intakes should consider supplementing pregnant women with MMS as a cost-effective method to reduce the risk of adverse birth outcomes.
The impact of agricultural extension and roads on poverty and consumption growth in fifteen Ethiopian villages
Dercon, S. ; Gilligan, D.O. ; Hoddinott, J. ; Woldehanna, T. - \ 2009
American Journal of Agricultural Economics 91 (2009)4. - ISSN 0002-9092 - p. 1007 - 1021.
rural ethiopia - shocks - programs
This article investigates whether public investments that led to improvements in road quality and increased access to agricultural extension services led to faster consumption growth and lower rates of poverty in rural Ethiopia. Estimating an Instrumental Variables model using Generalized Methods of Moments and controlling for household fixed effects, we find evidence of positive impacts with meaningful magnitudes. Receiving at least one extension visit reduces headcount poverty by 9.8 percentage points and increases consumption growth by 7.1 percentage points. Access to all-weather roads reduces poverty by 6.9 percentage points and increases consumption growth by 16.3 percentage points. These results are robust to changes in model specification and estimation methods
|Poverty and inequality in Ethiopia: 1995/96-2004/05
Woldehanna, T. ; Hoddinott, J. ; Dercon, S. - \ 2008
Chicago : SSRN
This paper explores trends in poverty and inequality, and the role of growth, inequality and sectoral changes in the evolution of poverty in Ethiopia between 1996 and 2005. We find that while poverty remains widespread, it declined markedly over this period. However, while inequality remained unchanged in rural areas, there was a substantial increase in urban inequality. In Ethiopia, income growth reduces poverty and increases in inequality increase poverty; the income-poverty elasticity lies in the range of -1.7 to -2.2. In rural Ethiopia, the increase in consumption has led to a reduction in headcount poverty. Growth also occurred in urban areas but the rise in inequality in urban areas wiped out the poverty-reducing effect that this growth might have otherwise provoked.
|The dynamics of growth and poverty in the last decade (1995/96-2004/05)
Woldehanna, T. ; Hoddinott, J. ; Dercon, S. ; Ellis, F. - \ 2008
Addis Abeba, Ethiopia : MoFED (Ministry of Finance and Economic Development) - 143 p.
|Growth, poverty and chronic poverty in rural Ethiopia: Evidence from 15 Communities 1994-2004
Dercon, S. ; Hoddinott, J. ; Woldehanna, T. - \ 2008
Chicago : SSR
This paper examines growth, poverty and chronic poverty in 15 Ethiopian villages between 1994 and 2004. Growth and poverty reduction in these communities was substantial; headcount poverty fell from 48 to 35 percent. However, there is also movement in and out of poverty over this period and a significant proportion of the sample was chronically poor. Chronic poverty is associated with several characteristics: lack of physical assets, education, and 'remoteness' in terms of distance to towns or poor roads. The chronically poor appear to be benefit from roads or extension services in much the same way that the non-chronically poor benefit. However, their 'initial' conditions, as captured in estimated latent growth related to time-invariant characteristics suggests that they face a considerable growth handicap. This 'fixed' growth effect is correlated with the characteristics of the chronic poor during the sample period. Chronic poverty, as reflected in poor initial assets and remoteness, appears to be correlated with a divergence in living standards over the sample period.
|Assessing the impact of HYV maize in resettlement areas of Zimbabwe
Bourdillon, M.F.C. ; Hebinck, P.G.M. ; Hoddinott, J. - \ 2007
In: Agricultural research and poverty: economic and social impacts in six countries / Adato, M., Meinzen-Dick, R., New York : Johns Hopkins University Press - ISBN 9780801885969 - p. 198 - 238.
|Pathways from Poverty: Evaluating Long-term Strategies to Reduce Poverty
Hoddinott, J. ; Quisumbing, A. ; Janvry, A. de; Woldehanna, T. - \ 2005
Madison, USA : BASIS CRSP, University of Wisconsin (BASIS BRIEF 30) - 4 p.
Shocks and Consumption in 15 Ethiopian Villages, 1999-2004
Dercon, S. ; Hoddinott, J. ; Woldehanna, T. - \ 2005
Journal of African Economies 14 (2005)4. - ISSN 0963-8024 - p. 559 - 585.
rural ethiopia - child growth - risk