Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Door studenten: Kansen voor functionele biodiversiteit in graslanden van melkveebedrijven
    Balvert, Willemien ; Barto, Mirjam ; Bergman, Denise ; Huijser, Jet ; Smorenburg, Floor ; Putten, W.H. van der - \ 2016
    De Levende Natuur 117 (2016)5. - ISSN 0024-1520 - p. 194 - 195.
    The impacts of ditch cuttings on weed pressure and crop yield in maize
    Huijser, M.P. ; Meerburg, B.G. ; Holshof, G. - \ 2004
    Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 102 (2004)2. - ISSN 0167-8809 - p. 197 - 203.
    straw - soil
    The Flevoland Polder in The Netherlands is characterised by large agricultural fields separated by ditches. The vegetation in the ditches is typically cut twice a year to ensure sufficient drainage. Removal of the cuttings, primarily reed (Phragmites australis), results in a substantial increase in biodiversity. In many cases however, the cuttings are considered a waste product and the material is left on the spot. This paper focuses on a practical on-farm application for the cuttings that may stimulate farmers to remove the material from the ditches. Instead of treating the cuttings as a waste product they were used as green compost and ploughed into a maize field after the harvest. This study investigates the effect of the cuttings on weed pressure and crop yield for two weed control systems, integrated and mechanical, for 2 years. The cuttings (15 and 30 m3/ha) did not lead to a change in total weed cover in either weed control system. However, the cuttings did result in increased species richness of weeds early in the first season. This effect disappeared after weed control. Taraxacum officinale, Solanum nigrum and Urtica dioica all increased when cuttings were applied, but their cover remained relatively low. The abundance of potential diaspores of P. australis did not result in its presence in the maize field. Despite a slight increase in weed pressure and possible immobilisation of nitrogen due to decomposition of the cuttings, the cuttings did not affect maize yield
    Habitat linkage characteristics in Dutch agricultural landscapes
    Huijser, M. ; Grift, E.A. van der - \ 2002
    In: 4th international workshop on multiple use of land, regional strategies for smart growth: when city and country collide, Bellingham, WA (USA), 20-22 June 2002. - S.l. : ISOMUL - p. 103 + cd - r.
    biodiversiteit - natuurbescherming - ruimtelijke ordening - biodiversity - nature conservation - physical planning
    Meer zoogdieren bij minder vaak maaien van slootkanten
    Huijser, M. ; Meerburg, B. ; Voslamber, B. ; Remmelzwaal, A. ; Barendse, R. - \ 2001
    Rundvee praktijkonderzoek 14 (2001)4. - ISSN 1569-805X - p. 23 - 25.
    mest - dierlijke meststoffen - stalmest - rundveemest - toepassing - toepassingsdatum - toedieningswijzen - toedieningshoeveelheden - strooien - stikstof - graslandbeheer - graslanden - grassen - gewasopbrengst - gewasproductie - maïs - bemesting - manures - animal manures - farmyard manure - cattle manure - application - application date - application methods - application rates - spreading - nitrogen - grassland management - grasslands - grasses - crop yield - crop production - maize - fertilizer application
    Meer natuur langs perceelranden hoeft dus niet altijd te leiden tot een verminderde agrarische productie op de percelen.
    Mammals benefit from reduced ditch clearing frequency in an agricultural landscape
    Huijser, M.P. ; Meerburg, B.G. ; Voslamber, B. ; Remmelzwaal, A.J. ; Barendse, R. - \ 2001
    Lutra 44 (2001). - ISSN 0024-7634 - p. 23 - 40.
    zoogdieren - mortaliteit - slootkanten - sloten - maaien - bedrijfsvoering - soortendiversiteit - natuurbescherming - biodiversiteit - populatie-ecologie - nederland - onderhoud - flevoland - mammals - mortality - ditch banks - ditches - maintenance - mowing - management - species diversity - nature conservation - biodiversity - population ecology - netherlands
    We investigated the effect of two types of ditch management on the species richness and abundance of mammals at two sites in an agricultural landscape in Flevoland, The Netherlands. The first management type involved mowing both ditch slopes twice per year with a flailmower and leaving the biomass on the spot (control sections; n=3 at Tureluurweg site, n=6 at Waiboerhoeve site). Here the vegetation was short throughout winter. The second management type involved mowing the two ditch slopes in alternate years and removing the biomass (reed sections; n=3 at Tureluurweg, n=6 at Waiboerhoeve). This resulted in reed cover (Phragmites australis) at one ditch side in winter. Species richness and abundance of mammals were investigated through sightings and trapping along the ditches and in the adjacent production grasslands. Species richness and overall abundance were highest in the reed sections. Common voles (Microtus arvalis), harvest mice (Micromys minutus) and common shrews (Sorex araneus) occurred mostly in the ditches, especially in the reed sections. Only common voles were also frequently found in the grasslands but here their density was lower than along the ditches. A male-biased sex ratio in the production grasslands also indicated that these were a poor habitat for this species. Although reduced clearing frequency of the ditches benefited the common vole, outbreaks seem unlikely as long as the grasslands continue to be used intensively. Low management costs and possible application of reed biomass on arable land could also ensure a rapid integration of nature-oriented ditch management into existing farming systems.
    Nij Bosma Zathe: partner met water en natuur
    Huijser, M. ; Oosting, S.J. ; Holshof, G. ; Hobbenschot, R. - \ 2000
    Praktijkonderzoek Rundvee, Schapen en Paarden. Praktijkonderzoek 13 (2000)6. - ISSN 1386-8470 - p. 14 - 15.
    proefbedrijven - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - waterbeheer - natuurbescherming - landbouw - friesland - pilot farms - farm management - water management - nature conservation - agriculture - friesland
    Het integreren van landbouw, waterbeheer en natuur is hierbij een belangrijk onderzoeksthema op het nieuwe praktijkcentrum Nij Bosma Zathe
    Vleermuisverblijven Waiboerhoeve en Aver Heino geschikt voor bewoning
    Huijser, M. ; Goutbeek, R. ; Hoeve, R. ; Reinhold, J. ; Wijs, R. de - \ 2000
    Praktijkonderzoek Rundvee, Schapen en Paarden. Praktijkonderzoek 13 (2000)5. - ISSN 1386-8470 - p. 25 - 27.
    proefbedrijven - melkveehouderij - chiroptera - natuurbescherming - bedreigde soorten - habitats - flevoland - pilot farms - dairy farming - chiroptera - nature conservation - endangered species - habitats - flevoland
    Tot nu toe zijn er geen vleermuizen vastgesteld in de vleermuisverblijven op Aver Heino en Waiboerhoeve. De temperatuur en luchtvochtigheid geven aan dat de verblijven in principe wel geschikt zijn. Blijkbaar spelen andere factoren een rol.
    Minder maaien, meer natuur
    Huijser, M. - \ 2000
    Praktijkonderzoek Rundvee, Schapen en Paarden. Praktijkonderzoek 13 (2000)4. - ISSN 1386-8470 - p. 36 - 37.
    sloten - onderhoud - vegetatie - maaien - natuurbescherming - drainage - landbouwgrond - oppervlaktedrainage - ditches - maintenance - vegetation - mowing - nature conservation - drainage - agricultural land - surface drainage
    Ook in grootschalige landbouwgebieden is het mogelijk om natuurwaarden op relatief eenvoudige wijze te vergroten. Dit kan onder andere door de vegetatie in de kavelsloten minder vaak te maaien. Dit hoeft niet tot hogere kosten of problemen met de waterafvoer te leiden.
    The effect of roads and traffic on hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) populations
    Huijser, M.P. ; Bergers, P.J.M. - \ 2000
    Biological Conservation 95 (2000)1. - ISSN 0006-3207 - p. 111 - 116.
    Egelonderzoek in Europa
    Grift, E.A. van der; Huijser, M.P. - \ 2000
    Zoogdier 11 (2000)2. - ISSN 0925-1006 - p. 12 - 17.
    erinaceus europaeus - erinaceidae - ecologie - dierecologie - diergedrag - gewoonten - territorium - habitats - milieu - landschap - mortaliteit - doodsoorzaken - verkeer - monitoring - migratie - verspreiding - conferenties - ecology - animal ecology - animal behaviour - habits - territory - environment - landscape - mortality - causes of death - traffic - migration - dispersal - conferences
    De interessantste zaken van de Fourth International Hedgehog Workshop (28-29 januari, Zweden). Aandacht voor o.a. onderzoek naar monitoring, doodsoorzaken (waaronder wegen), leefgebieden, invloed van de mens op het landschap en de gevolgen voor egels
    Life on the edge : hedgehog traffic victims and mitigation strategies in an anthropogenic landscape
    Huijser, M.P. - \ 2000
    Agricultural University. Promotor(en): H.H.T. Prins; K.V. Sýkora; N.J. Reeve. - S.l. : S.n. - ISBN 9789058083012 - 165
    erinaceus europaeus - landbouwgrond - habitats - wegen - verkeer - populatiedynamica - ecologie - mortaliteit - bescherming - wildbeheer - nederland - menselijke invloed - cultuurlandschap - habitatfragmentatie - erinaceus europaeus - agricultural land - habitats - roads - traffic - population dynamics - ecology - mortality - protection - wildlife management - netherlands - human impact - cultural landscape - habitat fragmentation

    This study focused on the most frequently recorded mammal species in road-kill surveys in western Europe: the hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus). Investigations were conducted in an anthropogenic landscape and had two major aims:

    1. to quantify the effects of traffic mortality at individual, population, and species levels, and
    2. to explore how the number of traffic victims could be reduced through changes in the landscape in areas adjacent to roads.

    The negative effects of roads and traffic were particularly clear at the individual level, and one could consider this reason enough to take mitigating actions. In addition, hedgehogs are likely to be affected at the population level. However, at the species level, the hedgehog has mostly benefited from many of the human-induced changes in the landscape. The way people manage the landscape seems to be the key factor in determining the long term future of the species. Manipulation of certain landscape features can be used to make wildlife passages more effective and also to keep hedgehogs away from road sections between passages.

    Key words - agricultural lands, anthropogenic landscape, barriers, behaviour, body weight, compensation, corridor, disease, edge habitat, Erinaceus europaeus, footprints, habitat fragmentation, habitat selection, hedgehog, hedgerow, human impact, injury, landscape changes, mating strategy, mitigation, mortality, nest sites, The Netherlands, population density, relative population density, road density, road-kills, roads, traffic intensity, traffic victims, urban wildlife, vegetation, vehicle clearance, wildlife passages.

    The location of hedgehog traffic victims in relation to landscape features
    Huijser, M.P. ; Bergers, P.J.M. ; Braak, C.J.F. ter - \ 1999
    Lutra 42 (1999)1. - ISSN 0024-7634 - p. 57 - 58.
    Erinaceidae - Erinaceus europaeus - doodsoorzaken - schade - fauna - menselijk gedrag - landschap - habitats - Nederland - menselijke invloed - causes of death - damage - human behaviour - landscape - Netherlands - human impact
    Kort bericht omtrent een studie naar de invloed van omgevingsfactoren en wegkarakteristieken op het aantal verkeersslachtoffers onder egels
    Habitat fragmentation and infrastructure: a review of the proceedings of a European and a North American conference
    Huijser, M.P. ; Grift, E.A. van der; Bekker, G.J. - \ 1999
    Lutra 42 (1999)1-2. - ISSN 0024-7634 - p. 43 - 45.
    zoogdieren - habitats - habitat vernietiging - infrastructuur - overzichten - menselijke invloed - natuur - mammals - habitat destruction - infrastructure - reviews - human impact - nature
    Voor veel dier- en plantensoorten leidt de aanwezigheid en het gebruik van infrastructuur tot een afname in het aantal geschikte leefgebieden. De resterende gebieden raken bovendien steeds kleiner en meer van elkaar geisoleerd. Beide congressen handelen over dit verschijnsel: habitat versnippering
    Wildlife ecology and transportation; een congresverslag
    Grift, E.A. van der; Bekker, G.J. ; Huijser, M.P. - \ 1998
    Utrecht : Holland Railconsult
    Het voorkomen van doodgereden egels in relatie tot de samenstelling van het landschap
    Huijser, M.P. ; Bergers, P.J.M. ; Braak, C.J.F. ter - \ 1998
    Delft : Rijkswaterstaat (DWW ontsnipperingsreeks 37) - ISBN 9789036937375 - 48
    erinaceidae - verkeer - wegen - verkeersongevallen - ruimtelijke ordening - mortaliteit - doodsoorzaken - fauna - landschap - landschapsecologie - onderzoek - nederland - slachtoffers - traffic - roads - traffic accidents - physical planning - mortality - causes of death - landscape - landscape ecology - research - netherlands - victims
    Hedgehog traffic victims: how to quantify effects on the population level and the prospects for mitigation
    Huijser, M.P. ; Bergers, P.J.M. ; Vries, J.G. de - \ 1998
    In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Wildlife Ecology and Transportation, 9-12 February 1998. FL-ER-69-98. Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee, Florida; 171-180 / Evink, G.L., Garret, P., Zeigler, D., Berry, J.,
    Platte egels tellen: resultaten van een VZZ-aktie
    Huijser, M.P. ; Bergers, P.J.M. - \ 1998
    Zoogdier 9 (1998)2. - ISSN 0925-1006 - p. 20 - 25.
    Egels en verkeer: effecten van wegen en verkeer op egelpopulaties
    Huijser, M.P. ; Bergers, P.J.M. - \ 1997
    Unknown Publisher
    The mortality rate in a hedgehog population: the relative importance of road kills
    Huijser, M.P. ; Bergers, P.J.M. - \ 1997
    In: Habitat Fragmentation & Infrastructure; proceedings international conference 17-21 September 1995, Maastricht and The Hague, The Netherlands. DWW Publication P-DWW-97-046. Directorate-General for Public Works and Water ManagementRoad and Hydraulic Engineering Division (DWW), Delft; 98-103 / Canters, K.,
    The mortality rate in a hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) population: the relative importance of road kills
    Huijser, M.P. ; Bergers, P.J.M. - \ 1995
    In: Habitat Fragmentation & Infrastructure, 18-21 September 1995 Maastricht
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