Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Antenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation: call to action for change in recommendation
    Bourassa, Megan W. ; Osendarp, Saskia J.M. ; Adu‐Afarwuah, Seth ; Ahmed, Saima ; Ajello, Clayton ; Bergeron, Gilles ; Black, Robert ; Christian, Parul ; Cousens, Simon ; Pee, Saskia de; Dewey, Kathryn G. ; Arifeen, Shams El ; Engle‐Stone, Reina ; Fleet, Alison ; Gernand, Alison D. ; Hoddinott, John ; Klemm, Rolf ; Kraemer, Klaus ; Kupka, Roland ; McLean, Erin ; Moore, Sophie E. ; Neufeld, Lynnette M. ; Persson, L. ; Rasmussen, Kathleen M. ; Shankar, Anuraj H. ; Smith, Emily ; Sudfeld, Christopher R. ; Udomkesmalee, Emorn ; Vosti, Stephen A. - \ 2020
    Annals of the New York Academy Of Sciences 1465 (2020)1. - ISSN 0077-8923 - p. 5 - 7.
    Review of the evidence regarding the use of antenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation in low- and middle-income countries
    Bourassa, Megan W. ; Osendarp, Saskia J.M. ; Adu-Afarwuah, Seth ; Ahmed, Saima ; Ajello, Clayton ; Bergeron, Gilles ; Black, Robert ; Christian, Parul ; Cousens, Simon ; Pee, Saskia de; Dewey, Kathryn G. ; Arifeen, Shams El ; Engle-Stone, Reina ; Fleet, Alison ; Gernand, Alison D. ; Hoddinott, John ; Klemm, Rolf ; Kraemer, Klaus ; Kupka, Roland ; McLean, Erin ; Moore, Sophie E. ; Neufeld, Lynnette M. ; Persson, Lars Åke ; Rasmussen, Kathleen M. ; Shankar, Anuraj H. ; Smith, Emily ; Sudfeld, Christopher R. ; Udomkesmalee, Emorn ; Vosti, Stephen A. - \ 2019
    Annals of the New York Academy Of Sciences 1444 (2019)1. - ISSN 0077-8923 - p. 6 - 21.
    LMICs - micronutrient - pregnancy - supplements

    Inadequate micronutrient intakes are relatively common in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), especially among pregnant women, who have increased micronutrient requirements. This can lead to an increase in adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. This review presents the conclusions of a task force that set out to assess the prevalence of inadequate micronutrient intakes and adverse birth outcomes in LMICs; the data from trials comparing multiple micronutrient supplements (MMS) that contain iron and folic acid (IFA) with IFA supplements alone; the risks of reaching the upper intake levels with MMS; and the cost-effectiveness of MMS compared with IFA. Recent meta-analyses demonstrate that MMS can reduce the risks of preterm birth, low birth weight, and small for gestational age in comparison with IFA alone. An individual-participant data meta-analysis also revealed even greater benefits for anemic and underweight women and female infants. Importantly, there was no increased risk of harm for the pregnant women or their infants with MMS. These data suggest that countries with inadequate micronutrient intakes should consider supplementing pregnant women with MMS as a cost-effective method to reduce the risk of adverse birth outcomes.

    Groen als airco: planten en bomen houden stad van de toekomst koel
    Klemm, W. - \ 2018
    plantations - indoor climate - climate - temperature - well-being - health
    Clever and cool : generating design guidelines for climate-responsive urban green infrastructure
    Klemm, Wiebke - \ 2018
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): A. van den Brink, co-promotor(en): S. Lenzholzer; L.W.A. van Hove. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463433051 - 289

    Urban heat problems due to global climate change and urbanization may pose a serious risk to thermal comfort related public health in cities. Urban green infrastructure (UGI), such as parks, gardens and street trees, has the ability to alleviate urban heat and improve residents’ thermal comfort during warm summer days. Research in the field of urban micrometeorology delivers insights into the impacts of UGI on objective thermal conditions. Yet, this knowledge lacks insights into impacts of UGI on people’s subjective thermo-spatial perception and does not match the demand of spatially explicit information by urban designers. Consequently, urban designers lack guidance in the design of climate-responsive UGI in outdoor urban spaces.

    The development of a spatially explicit evidence of subjective and objective impacts of UGI on thermal comfort, and based on that evidence the subsequent development of useful design guidelines for climate-responsive UGI, were the objectives of this thesis. The research approach consisted of two phases: The ‘Research for Design’ approach, a combination of qualitative (surveys, observations) and quantitative (micrometeorological measurements) research methods, delivered scientific evidence needed to inform climate-responsive urban design. A set of multiscale case studies was conducted during warm summer periods in the moderate climate of the Netherlands. In a subsequent participatory ‘Research through Designing’ approach the novel scientific evidence was translated into preliminary design guidelines, and applied in practical design settings with landscape architects. Observations, plan analysis and questionnaires provided insights into the usefulness of the guidelines for end-users and directed the refinement into revised design guidelines for climate-responsive UGI.

    ‘Clever and cool’ urban green can be achieved by implementing the design guidelines for climate-responsive UGI. Findings of the first phase demonstrate that UGI enhances residents’ subjective thermal perception and improves thermal conditions in urban environments. This phase provides spatially-explicit evidence of UGI relevant for design. It furthermore shows the importance of residents’ physical adaptation in the context of thermal perception. The second phase delivered evidence-based, generally applicable design guidelines for climate-responsive UGI that are accompanied by visual representations. Additionally operational principles to support site-specific implementation of the guidelines at the respective scales. The practical design settings furthermore showed that urban designers need a basic understanding of microclimate processes and skills to conduct microclimate analysis to appropriately implement the guidelines. Concluding, this thesis argues for climate-responsive UGI that is ‘clever and cool’: UGI that is designed resource efficiently, is based on site-specific microclimate analysis, and considers spatial conditions as well as the behavioural demands of urban dwellers. Through combining perspectives and knowledge of microclimate science and design practice this thesis provides evidence-based solutions that are considered useful by end-users. As such the design guidelines for climate-responsive UGI, as presented in this thesis, can enhance urban design practice for more thermally comfortable and liveable cities now and in the future.

    Wir brauchen Grün mit Köpfchen
    Klemm, W. - \ 2018
    Garten und Landschaft 5 (2018). - ISSN 0016-4720
    Ontwerprichtlijnen voor klimaatbestendig groen in de stad
    Klemm, W. - \ 2018
    Wageningen : Nature Today
    Dutch – German Circular Economy Breakfast ‘Blue & Green goes Orange’
    Klemm, Wiebke - \ 2018
    Keynote at the Dutch – German Circular Economy Breakfast ‘Blue & Green goes Orange’ in collaboration with Katarzyna Kujawa-Roeleveld (Senior lecturer and researcher in environmental technology, Wageningen University & Research)
    Towards green & blue urban living labs
    Klemm, Wiebke - \ 2018
    Guest lecture, MSc course ETE 33806
    Stedelijk groen plannen en ontwerpen
    Klemm, Wiebke - \ 2018
    Guest lecture, SGL 23312 23 en 26 April 2018
    Qualitative methods to explore thermo-spatial perception in outdoor urban spaces
    Lenzholzer, S. ; Klemm, W. ; Vasilikou, Carolina - \ 2018
    Urban Climate 23 (2018). - ISSN 2212-0955 - p. 231 - 249.
    Thermal comfort; - Urban design - spatial perception - cognitive map - thermal walk - Review
    To be able to design thermally comfortable urban spaces, designers require design guidelines that respond to people's thermal and spatial perception. This thermo-spatial perception is influenced by a range of dimensions: the nature and scale of spatial contexts, the kinetic state of the people and the time scale of their perception ('now' or 'the past'). Recently, novel qualitative methods have been developed to link thermal and spatial information of people's perception. To attain an overview of these methods we conducted an extensive literature review. The results show that these qualitative methods respond to the different dimensions by combinations of momentary and long-term thermal perception research in stationary mode and in motion in varying spatial environments. These qualitative methods deliver explicit combination of thermal and spatial information. Based on that evidence, new knowledge relevant to urban design of thermally comfortable urban spaces can be generated.
    Ontwerprichtlijnen klimaatbestendig groen in de stad
    Klemm, W. ; Lenzholzer, S. ; Brink, A. van den - \ 2017
    Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research - 1 p.
    air quality - climate - urban areas - plantations - water harvesting - heat stress - shade
    Developing green infrastructure design guidelines for urban climate adaptation
    Klemm, Wiebke ; Lenzholzer, Sanda ; Brink, Adri van den - \ 2017
    Jola : Journal of Landscape Architecture 12 (2017)3. - ISSN 1862-6033 - p. 60 - 71.
    In the context of global warming and increasing urban climate problems, urban green spaces and elements have been recognized as a strategy for urban climate adaptation. Yet, despite increasing scientific evidence of the positive impacts that urban green infrastructure (UGI) is having on the urban microclimate, this evidence is not being incorporated into urban design practice. This explorative study was executed to create design guidelines for climate-responsive UGI that stem from scientific knowledge and are useful to design practice. A participatory ‘Research through Design’ (RTD) approach was applied in two design studios to have landscape architects test evidence-based preliminary guidelines. The researchers made observations, plan analyses, and executed questionnaires in the studios to assess the usefulness of the preliminary guidelines and, subsequently, to refine them. This paper presents the revised guidelines for the city, park, and street scale levels and elaborates the knowledge on the microclimate and operational principles needed for implementation. This paper argues that a participatory RTD approach helps to link knowledge from research to practice.
    Geen prijs, wel toekomst voor pergolapaneel
    Klemm, W. - \ 2017
    Photovoltaic Pergolas shortlisted in Post Fossil City Competition
    Klemm, W. - \ 2017

    Online article on website of Post Fossil Cities competition

    Klimaatbestendige buitenruimte
    Klemm, Wiebke - \ 2017
    ‘Ecological Dimensions of Green Infrastructure’
    Klemm, Wiebke - \ 2017
    Groen in de klimaatbestendige stad
    Klemm, Wiebke - \ 2017
    Interne werksessie ‘Klimaatbestendige stad’ voor ecologen uit groot Amsterdam’ 9 mei 2017
    Klimaatbestendig stedelijk groen - Vanuit wetenschap naar ontwerppraktijk
    Klemm, Wiebke - \ 2017
    Kennisessie Green City - Festival Internationaal Ondernemen georganiseerd door het Nationaal Export Event in samenwerking met het economisch netwerk van de Nederlandse ambassades

    Green infrastructure for climate-proof cities - Impacts of urban green on outdoor thermal comfort and implementation in urban design
    Klemm, Wiebke - \ 2017
    Green infrastructure for climate-proof cities - Impacts of urban green on outdoor thermal comfort and implementation in urban design
    Green infrastructure for climate-responsive urban environments – Bridging the gap between research and implementation in urban design practice
    Klemm, Wiebke - \ 2017
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