Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Transition support system approach for urban food security in the future : The case of Ghana
Dijkshoorn-Dekker, Marijke ; Linderhof, Vincent ; Pinto, Vasco ; Hennen, Wil ; Oudendag, Diti ; Kuiper, Marijke ; Shutes, Lindsay - \ 2019
Wageningen : Wageningen Economic Research (Report / Wageningen Economic Research 2019-057a) - ISBN 9789463439602 - 43
The population of the world is becoming increasingly urbanised due to a combination of natural population growth and rural–urban migration. This will pose major challenges to feed the future population and meet the Sustainable Development Goals. Meeting these complex challenges requires an integrated approach. The transition support system (TSS) approach integrates decision support tools and stakeholder analyses for these complex issues. This study has focused attention on the application of decision support tools of the TSS approach that visualises the urgency of future food security as a proof of concept. To this end, the future food security of the city of Accra, the capital of Ghana, has been taken as a case study. The use of Global-Detector and its maps illustrated a quick way to downscale data and projections from MAGNET (Modular Applied GeNeral Equilibrium Tool) and perform spatial analyses without the burden of acquiring additional data. Downscaling of macroeconomic results of future projections provides insights into future urban food security. Giventhese insights, stakeholders might urge policy or interventions. The results of the exercise are largely determined by the availability of data and maps; in particular, the more detailed information is available, the more accurate the results of our exercise will be.
A perspective on water quality in connected systems: modelling feedback between upstream and downstream transport and local ecological processes
Teurlincx, Sven ; Wijk, Dianneke van; Mooij, Wolf M. ; Kuiper, Jan J. ; Huttunen, Inese ; Brederveld, Robert J. ; Chang, Manqi ; Janse, Jan H. ; Woodward, Ben ; Hu, Fenjuan ; Janssen, Annette B.G. - \ 2019
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 40 (2019). - ISSN 1877-3435 - p. 21 - 29.

Food production for a growing world population relies on application of fertilisers and pesticides on agricultural lands. However, these substances threaten surface water quality and thereby endanger valued ecosystem services such as drinking water supply, food production and recreational water use. Such deleterious effects do not merely arise on the local scale, but also on the regional scale through transport of substances as well as energy and biota across the catchment. Here we argue that aquatic ecosystem models can provide a process-based understanding of how these transports by water and organisms as vectors affect – and are affected by – ecosystem state and functioning in networks of connected lakes. Such a catchment scale approach is key to setting critical limits for the release of substances by agricultural practices and other human pressures on aquatic ecosystems. Thereby, water and food production and the trade-offs between them may be managed more sustainably.

Bedreigingen en kansen van vrijkomende agrarische bebouwing
Kuiper, Paul Peter ; Both, M. ; Gies, T.J.A. - \ 2019
De Landeigenaar 65 (2019)2. - ISSN 0166-5839 - p. 10 - 11.
Tot 2030 zal naar verwachting circa 40 miljoen vierkante meter gebouwen
op agrarische erven hun functie verliezen in verband met bedrijfsbeëindiging.
Dat brengt bedreigingen met zich mee, maar ook kansen.
A systematic analysis of social, economic and environmental sustainability metrics for the range of activities and world views encompassed in the EU food systems : Deliverable No. D6.3
Achterbosch, T.J. ; Verma, Monika ; Leip, Adrian ; Zurek, Monika ; Oudendag, D.A. ; Geleijnse, J.M. ; Latka, Catharina ; Havlík, Petr ; Kuijsten, A. ; Kuiper, M.H. ; Farell, David ; Anderson, Ross ; Ruto, Elias - \ 2019
SUSFANS - 119 p.
The strengths and limitations of the SUSFANS metrics and models for assessing sustainable food and nutrition security in Europe : Deliverable No. D9.6
Latka, Catharina ; Kuiper, M.H. ; Heckelei, Thomas ; Havlík, Petr ; Frank, Stefan ; Dijk, M. van; Veer, P. van 't; Achterbosch, T.J. ; Hsu, S.H. - \ 2019
SUSFANS - 33 p.
The SUSFANS model toolbox comprises state-of-the-art foresight and newly developed diet models for a holistic sustainability and dietary assessment. The toolbox is ready to assess the food system transitions to support healthy and sustainable diets of EU citizens. A future research agenda for the modelling of food system properties is proposed regarding modelling of food supply, consumer choices, global impacts and for assessing and communicating complex model results.
Foresight of EU sustainable food and nutrition security: the interplay between major challenges and policy responses at different spatiotemporal scales : Deliverable No. 10.4
Frank, Stefan ; Latka, Catharina ; Havlik, P. ; Kuiper, M.H. ; Dijk, M. van; Achterbosch, T.J. ; Cui, David ; Geleijnse, J.M. ; Hebinck, Aniek ; Heckelei, Thomas ; Kuijsten, A. ; Leip, Adrian ; Oudendag, D.A. ; Verma, Monika ; Witzke, Heinz-Peter ; Zurek, Monika - \ 2019
SUSFANS - 75 p.
Resumé on performance of EU food systems towards European FNS and SDGs. Deliverable 2.3 : WP 2 Mapping of trends in food systems and related R&I policy frameworks
Cui, David ; Achterbosch, T.J. ; Kuiper, M.H. ; Shutes, L.J. ; Tabeau, A.A. ; Latka, Catharina ; Havlík, Petr ; Frank, Stefan ; Leip, Adrian - \ 2019
SUSFANS
Healthy diets and reduced land pressure : Towards a double gain for future food systems in Nigeria
Smeets-Kristkova, Zuzana ; Achterbosch, Thom ; Kuiper, Marijke - \ 2019
Sustainability 11 (2019)3. - ISSN 2071-1050
Agricultural intensification - Baseline projections - CGE model - Diet diversity - Food security - Land substitution - Nutrition

Nigeria is one of the most dynamic economies in Africa. Strong GDP and population growth coupled with urbanization trends place tremendous pressures on natural resources and the food systems that are dependent on them. Understanding the impact of these "mega trends" is important to identify key leverage points for navigating towards improved nutrition and food security in Nigeria. This paper contributes to the Foresight Project of the Food Systems for Healthier Diets which aims to analyse how the food system in Nigeria is expected to transform in the next decades, and to identify the leverage points for making sure that the transformation contributes to balanced consumer diets. For the food systems foresight, a well-established global economy-wide model, MAGNET, is applied that enables to capture the interlinkages among different food industry players in one consistent framework. By linking MAGNET to the GENUS nutritional database, it is further possible to relate the developments occurring on a macro-level with detailed macro and micronutrient consumption. Model projections suggest that a process of intensification of agriculture in combination with land substitution appears critical for the evolution of food and nutrition security, and for shifts towards healthy diets for the population. Intensification results in greater diversity of the production systems, which in turn cascades into positive effects on the diversity in the food supply and better food security outcomes.

Gene-Edited Crops : Towards a Harmonized Safety Assessment
Kleter, Gijs A. ; Kuiper, Harry A. ; Kok, Esther J. - \ 2019
Trends in Biotechnology 37 (2019)5. - ISSN 0167-7799 - p. 443 - 447.
crop biotechnology - gene editing - genetically modified crops - international harmonization - novel plant breeding techniques - regulation - risk assessment - safety assessment

Gene editing and other innovative plant breeding techniques are transforming the field of crop biotechnology. Divergent national regulatory regimes worldwide apply to crops bred with these techniques. A plea is made for international harmonization of the premarket assessment of their safety. Such harmonization has previously been achieved for genetically modified (GM) crops.

Grond in beweging : ontwikkelingen in het grondgebruik in de provincie Flevoland in de periode tot 2025 en 2040
Vogelzang, Theo ; Smit, Bert ; Kuiper, Paul Peter ; Gillet, Charlotte - \ 2019
Wageningen : Wageningen Economic Research (Wageningen Economic Research rapport 2019-003) - ISBN 9789463435499 - 85
Het toekomstige grondgebruik in de provincie Flevoland wordt in dit rapport geschetst aan de hand van: de huidige grondgebruiksituatie; de huidige en te verwachten ontwikkelingen die invloed hebben op de omvang en het gebruik van het huidige agrarische areaal in Flevoland voor de korte en middellange termijn; de mogelijkheden en belemmeringen in het grondgebruik voor de deelgebieden waar die ontwikkelingen (kunnen) plaatsvinden. Daarnaast geeft dit rapport een advies over de te volgen strategie hoe om te gaan met de benoemde ontwikkelingen. Het rapport wordt afgerond met enkele conclusies en aanbevelingen.
Towards restoring urban waters : understanding the main pressures
Teurlincx, Sven ; Kuiper, Jan J. ; Hoevenaar, Ellen C.M. ; Lurling, Miquel ; Brederveld, Robert J. ; Veraart, Annelies J. ; Janssen, Annette B.G. ; Mooij, Wolf M. ; Senerpont Domis, Lisette N. de - \ 2019
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 36 (2019). - ISSN 1877-3435 - p. 49 - 58.

Water bodies in the urban landscape are omnipresent, with many being small, lentic waters such as ponds and lakes. Because of high anthropogenic forcing, these systems have poor water quality, with large consequences for the provisioning of ecosystem services. Understanding of the main pressures on urban water quality is key to successful management. We identify six pressures that we hypothesize to have strong links to anthropogenic forcing including: eutrophication, aquatic invasive species, altered hydrology, altered habitat structure, climate change, and micropollutants. We discuss how these pressures may affect water quality and ecological functioning of urban waters. We describe how these pressures may interact, posing challengers for water management. We identify steps that need to be taken towards sustainable restoration, recognizing the challenges that potentially interacting pressures pose to water managers.

Nitrogen fixation does not axiomatically lead to phosphorus limitation in aquatic ecosystems
Gerven, Luuk P.A. van; Kuiper, Jan J. ; Mooij, Wolf M. ; Janse, Jan H. ; Paerl, Hans W. ; Klein, Jeroen J.M. de - \ 2019
Oikos 128 (2019)4. - ISSN 0030-1299 - p. 563 - 570.
eutrophication - nitrogen fixation - R*

A long-standing debate in ecology deals with the role of nitrogen and phosphorus in management and restoration of aquatic ecosystems. It has been argued that nutrient reduction strategies to combat blooms of phytoplankton or floating plants should solely focus on phosphorus (P). The underlying argument is that reducing nitrogen (N) inputs is ineffective because N2-fixing species will compensate for N deficits, thus perpetuating P limitation of primary production. A mechanistic understanding of this principle is, however, incomplete. Here, we use resource competition theory, a complex dynamic ecosystem model and a 32-year field data set on eutrophic, floating-plant dominated ecosystems to show that the growth of non-N2-fixing species can become N limited under high P and low N inputs, even in the presence of N2 fixing species. N2-fixers typically require higher P concentrations than non-N2-fixers to persist. Hence, the N2 fixers cannot deplete the P concentration enough for the non-N2-fixing community to become P limited because they would be outcompeted. These findings provide a testable mechanistic basis for the need to consider the reduction of both N and P inputs to most effectively restore nutrient over-enriched aquatic ecosystems.

Report on the Workshop ‘Next Steps in Developing Nature Futures’ : Meeting of the expert group on Scenarios and Models of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, June 2018, the Hague, the Netherlands
Schoolenberg, Machteld ; Belder, E. den; Okayasu, Sana ; Alkemade, J.R.M. ; Lundquist, Carolyn J. ; Pereira, Henrique Miguel ; Chettri, Nakul ; Cheung, William ; Ferrier, Simon ; Hauck, Jennifer ; Hendriks, Rob J.J. ; Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S.I.S.E. ; Kim, Hye Jin ; Kolomytsev, Grigoriy ; Kuiper, Jan ; Leadley, Paul ; Metzger, Jean Paul ; Ninan, K.N. ; Palomo, Gabriela ; Pereira, Laura ; Pichs, Ramon ; Popp, Alexander ; Ravera, Federica ; Rondinini, Carlo ; Rosa, Isabel M.D. ; Sathyapalan, Jyothis ; Vuuren, Detlef P. van - \ 2018
PBL Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving (PBL publication 3411) - 27 p.
Assessing sustainable food and nutrition security of the EU food system - An integrated approach
Zurek, Monika ; Hebinck, Aniek ; Leip, Adrian ; Vervoort, Joost ; Kuiper, Marijke ; Garrone, Maria ; Havlík, Petr ; Heckelei, Thomas ; Hornborg, Sara ; Ingram, John ; Kuijsten, Anneleen ; Shutes, Lindsay ; Geleijnse, Johanna M. ; Terluin, Ida ; Veer, Pieter van 't; Wijnands, Jo ; Zimmermann, Andrea ; Achterbosch, Thom - \ 2018
Sustainability 10 (2018)11. - ISSN 2071-1050
Food system assessment - Food systems - Interdisciplinarity - Metrics - Participatory approach - SUSFANS - Sustainable food and nutrition security

Steering the EU food system towards a sustainability transformation requires a vast and actionable knowledge base available to a range of public and private actors. Few have captured this complexity by assessing food systems from a multi-dimensional and multi-level perspective, which would include (1) nutrition and diet, environmental and economic outcomes together with social equity dimensions and (2) system interactions across country, EU and global scales. This paper addresses this gap in food systems research and science communication by providing an integrated analytical approach and new ways to communicate this complexity outside science. Based on a transdisciplinary science approach with continuous stakeholder input, the EU Horizon2020 project 'Metrics, Models and Foresight for European SUStainable Food And Nutrition Security' (SUSFANS) developed a five-step process: Creating a participatory space; designing a conceptual framework of the EU food system; developing food system performance metrics; designing a modelling toolbox and developing a visualization tool. The Sustainable Food and Nutrition-Visualizer, designed to communicate complex policy change-impacts and trade-off questions, enables an informed debate about trade-offs associated with options for change among food system actors as well as in the policy making arena. The discussion highlights points for further research related to indicator development, reach of assessment models, participatory processes and obstacles in science communication.

The potential role of producer and consumer food policies in the EU to sustainable food and nutrition security
Latka, Catharina ; Heckelei, Thomas ; Batka, Miroslav ; Boere, Esther ; Chang, Chiao-Ya ; Cui, David ; Geleijnse, Marianne ; Havlík, Petr ; Kuijsten, Anneleen ; Kuiper, Marijke ; Leip, Adrian ; ’t Veer, Pieter van; Witzke, Heinz-Peter ; Ziegler, Friederike - \ 2018
Wageningen : SUSFANS - 123
EU sustainable food and nutrition security is no sure-fire success. The future of
the agro-food system is uncertain and subject to different macro-level trends.
Previous analysis revealed the role of food system drivers creating challenges and
opportunities for dietary and environmental improvements under certain future
constellations. However, these challenges and opportunities need to be addressed by policies to allow for actual improvements in the sustainability
performance of EU food systems, for people, planet and profit. In this deliverable,
an assessment and pre-test of potential policy measures is carried out. The policy
analyses are contrasted to a ‘business-as-usual’ baseline scenario with current
trends of food system drivers. We apply the SUSFANS modelling toolbox in order
to test relevant policy measures in four distinct aqua-agro-food policy sectors.
Regarding health and nutrition of the EU population, we provide a ranking of
potential dietary policies and interventions based on their effectiveness,
implementation costs and restrictiveness for consumers and producers. Based on
this overview, options for health and nutrition policy are designed containing a
mixture of different policy instruments. These apply – in line with the allocation
of policy responsibilities in the EU - at the level of individual member states and
not at the realms of an EU policy. In the context of the Common AgriculturalPolicy (CAP), we assess the impact of a livestock density restriction on EU Agricultural areas. Results indicate a reduction of soil nutrient surpluses (-9 to -13%) and of greenhouse gas emissions (-9%) at EU average and considerably stronger in the livestock density and over-fertilization hotspots. Trade openness restricts the impact on food consumption and dietary change of EU consumers. Three Common Fisheries Policies (CFP) are tested with the newly developed fish modules of GLOBIOM and CAPRI: Directing capture in EU waters to levels that keep fish stocks at the maximum sustainable yield (MSY), or at the maximum economic yield (MEY), and the implementation of national aquaculture growth plans composed by EU member states. Our results show limited policy impacts due to the rlatively small size of the EU fish producing sector with some trade but
limited consumption changes. Finally, different storage policies are tested with the new short-term volatility module of GLOBIOM. The scenarios reveal that storage availability and intervention prices reduce price volatility caused by yield shocks. The assessments illustrate that individual, yet unaligned policy measures can already contribute significantly to reaching sustainable food and nutrition
security. On the way to the final foresight assessment extensions are require regarding a) metrics quantifiability, b) the harmonization of metrics computation
approaches, and c) smaller model improvements
Quantified future challenges to sustainable food and nutrition security in the EU : Deliverable No. 10.2
Frank, S. ; Dijk, M. van; Havlik, P. ; Cui, David ; Heckelei, T. ; Kuiper, M.H. ; Latka, C. ; Witzke, H.P. ; Achterbosch, T.J. - \ 2018
SUSFANS - 44 p.
Exploring the impact of alternative population projections on prices, growth and poverty developments
Kuiper, Marijke ; Shutes, Lindsay ; Verma, Monika ; Tabeau, Andrzej ; Meijl, Hans van - \ 2018
Rome : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - ISBN 9789251300961 - 51
Waardering verpachte landbouwgrond : Onderzoek op basis van kadastrale transactiegegevens en een enquête
Kuiper, Paul Peter ; Voskuilen, Martien - \ 2018
Wageningen : Wageningen Economic Research (Wageningen Economic Research nota 2018-042) - 43
De waardering van verpachte landbouwgrond is van belang voor de belastingaangifte in box 3 van deinkomstenbelasting. Voor landbouwgrond uitgegeven via reguliere pacht met een verwachte looptijd van meer dan 20 jaar geldt een normwaardering van 50% van de vrije waarde. De zittende pachters hebben in de periode 2012-2016 de door hun regulier gepachte grond gekocht tegen gemiddeld 71%van de prijs van onverpachte grond. De jaargemiddelden tonen een bandbreedte van 66% tot 75%.Deskundigen schatten het aandeel op gemiddeld 60%.
Deliverable 9.2: Enhanced modelling of sustainable food and nutrition security: food consumption and nutrition behaviour of European households
Kuiper, M.H. ; Oudendag, D.A. ; Bartelings, H. ; Shutes, L.J. ; Tabeau, A.A. - \ 2018
SUSFANS - 99 p.
Deliverable 9.3: Enhanced modelling of sustainable food and nutrition security: food supply and use of scarce resources
Heckelei, T. ; Batka, M. ; Chang, C.Y. ; Havlik, M. ; Kuiper, M.H. ; Latka, C. ; Leclère, D. ; Tamás, K. - \ 2018
SUSFANS - 65 p.
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