Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Records 1 - 17 / 17

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    Towards systematic analyses of ecosystem service trade-offs and synergies : Main concepts, methods and the road ahead
    Cord, Anna F. ; Bartkowski, Bartosz ; Beckmann, Michael ; Dittrich, Andreas ; Hermans, Kathleen ; Kaim, Andrea ; Lienhoop, Nele ; Locher-Krause, Karla ; Priess, Jörg ; Schröter-Schlaack, Christoph ; Schwarz, Nina ; Seppelt, Ralf ; Strauch, Michael ; Václavík, Tomáš ; Volk, Martin - \ 2017
    Ecosystem Services 28 (2017)part C. - ISSN 2212-0416 - p. 264 - 272.
    Ecosystem service bundles - Ecosystem service demand - Ecosystem service supply - Optimization - Spatio-temporal scales - Stakeholders

    Ecosystem services (ES), the benefits that humans obtain from nature, are of great importance for human well-being. The challenge of meeting the growing human demands for natural resources while sustaining essential ecosystem functions and resilience requires an in-depth understanding of the complex relationships between ES. These conflicting ('trade-offs') or synergistic ('synergies') relationships mean that changes in one ES can cause changes in other ES. By synthesizing the growing body of literature on ES relationships, we identified the following four main study objectives: (i) the identification and characterization of co-occurrences of ES, (ii) the identification of drivers that shape ES relationships, (iii) the exploration of biophysical constraints of landscapes and limitations to their multifunctionality, and (iv) the support of environmental planning, management and policy decisions. For each of these objectives we here describe the key concepts, including viewpoints of different disciplines, and highlight the major challenges that need to be addressed. We identified three cross-cutting themes being relevant to all four main types of studies. To help guiding researchers towards more systematic analyses of ES trade-offs and synergies, we conclude with an outlook on suggested future research priorities.

    Short-term seasonal habitat facilitation mediated by an insect herbivore
    Harvey, Jeffrey A. ; Ode, Paul J. ; Malcicka, Miriama ; Gols, Rieta - \ 2016
    Basic and Applied Ecology 17 (2016)5. - ISSN 1439-1791 - p. 447 - 454.
    Clubiona phragmitis - Community - Earwig - Ecological interactions - Forficula auricularia - Porcellio scaber - Spider - Woodlice

    In nature some organisms may facilitate others by creating shelter or other niches that they use for variable periods. We describe a natural multitrophic-species complex in the Netherlands involving a plant, the common hogweed (Heracleum sphondylium) a specialist chewing herbivore, the parsnip webworm (Depressaria pastinacella) and various arthropods associated with them. Larvae of D. pastinacella feed on H. sphondylium seeds and, after they have finished feeding, chew holes in the hollow stems where they pupate. In some areas of the country almost 50% of plants are attacked by webworms. The holes are used by other arthropods to gain access to the stems including herbivores, omnivores, predators and decomposers. The duration of plant occupancy varies between 3 and 4 months, until the plants die. Plants without moth-produced holes were always free of other arthropods, whereas plants with holes, in addition to pupae (and/or mummified-parasitized webworm larvae), often contained many woodlice, earwigs and/or spiders. Earwigs and woodlice perform important ecological functions as predators (in orchards) and decomposers respectively. Our results show that the simple biological activity of one herbivore species can have at least short-term effects on the local arthropod community. In der Natur können manche Organismen andere begünstigen, indem sie Refugien oder andere Nischen erschaffen, die sie für unterschiedliche Zeiträume nutzen. Wir beschreiben einen natürlichen multitrophischen Artenkomplex in den Niederlanden, der den Wiesen-Bärenklau (Heracleum sphondylium), die Pastinakmotte (Depressaria pastinacella) und verschiedene mit ihnen assoziierte Arthropoden umfasst. Die Larven der Pastinakmotte fressen an Bärenklausamen und beißen später Löcher in die hohlen Stengel, um sich darin zu verpuppen. Die Löcher werden von anderen Arthropoden genutzt, um Zugang ins Stengelinnere zu erhalten. Die Pflanze wird für etwa drei bis vier Monate besiedelt bis sie abstirbt. Pflanzen ohne Mottenlöcher wurden niemals von anderen Arthropoden besiedelt, während Stengel mit Löchern zusätzlich zu den Mottenpuppen bzw. parasitierten Larvenmumien häufig viele Asseln, Ohrwürmer und/oder Spinnen enthielten. Ohrwürmer und Asseln erfüllen wichtige ökologische Funktionen als Räuber in Obstplantagen bzw. als Zersetzer. Unsere Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die einfache biologische Aktivität einer Herbivorenart zumindest kurzfristige Auswirkungen auf die lokale Arthropodengemeinschaft haben kann.

    Bodemkunde van Nederland: Bodemgeografie
    Locher, W.P. ; Bakker, H. de - \ 1990
    Den Bosch : Malmberg - ISBN 9789020835557 - 279
    bodemkunde - nederland - handboeken - soil science - netherlands - handbooks
    Stiboka leerboek hoger onderwijs
    Bodemkunde van Nederland: Algemene bodemkunde
    Locher, W.P. ; Bakker, H. de - \ 1990
    Den Bosch : Malmberg - ISBN 9789020835458 - 439
    bodemkunde - soil science
    Stiboka leerboek hoger onderwijs
    Stroming van water. Hoofdstuk 10.
    Bouma, J. - \ 1990
    In: Bodemkunde van Nederland. Deel 1 / Locher, W.P., de Bakker, H., - p. 147 - 165.
    Binding van water. Hoofdstuk 9.
    Bouma, J. ; Locher, W.P. - \ 1990
    In: Bodemkunde van Nederland. Deel 1 / Locher, W.P., de Bakker, H., - p. 129 - 145.
    Grondwaterstandsbeheersing.
    Hoorn, J.W. van - \ 1990
    In: Bodemkunde van Nederland / Locher, W.P., de Bakker, H., - p. 285 - 302.
    Warmtehuishouding.
    Feddes, R.A. ; Huinink, J.T. - \ 1990
    In: Bodemkunde van Nederland / Locher, W.P., de Bakker, H., - p. 189 - 196.
    Organische stof.
    Janssen, B.H. ; Sluijs, P. van der; Ukkerman, H.R. - \ 1990
    In: Bodemkunde van Nederland: Deel 1. Algemene bodemkunde / Locher, W.P., de Bakker, H., - p. 109 - 127.
    Bodemkunde van Nederland : leer- en handboek op hoger-onderwijsniveau
    Locher, W.P. ; Bakker, H. de; Steur, G.G.L. - \ 1987
    Den Bosch : Malmberg - ISBN 9789020842845
    klimaat - overstromingen - geologie - landschap - nederland - fysische geografie - bodemvorming - bodemkunde - verwering - handboeken - climate - floods - geology - landscape - netherlands - physical geography - soil formation - soil science - weathering - handbooks
    Stiboka leerboek hoger onderwijs
    Bodemnatuurkunde : leer- en handboek op hoger-onderwijsniveau
    Locher, W.P. ; Bakker, H. de - \ 1985
    Den Bosch : Malmberg - 186
    bodemfysica - grondmechanica - organische verbindingen - bodem - bodemchemie - handboeken - soil physics - soil mechanics - organic compounds - soil - soil chemistry - handbooks
    Leerboek bodemkunde Stiboka
    Organische stof
    Janssen, B.H. ; Sluijs, P. van der; Ukkerman, H.R. - \ 1985
    In: Hoofdstuk 8 in: Bodemnatuurkunde, W.P. Locher en H. de Bakker (red.). Malmberg, Den Bosch - p. 41 - 59.
    Some investigations on Cox's disease in Cox's Orange Pippin apple trees, grafted on dwarfing rootstock M IX.
    Veen, B.W. ; Locher, J.T. - \ 1972
    Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science 20 (1972)4. - ISSN 0028-2928 - p. 285 - 300.
    Effects of aeration and mineral supply on growth and mineral content of shoots and roots of apple trees (var. 'Golden Delicious' on M.IX).
    Visser, J. ; Locher, J.T. ; Brouwer, R. - \ 1971
    Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science 19 (1971)3. - ISSN 0028-2928 - p. 125 - 137.
    Some responses of the root and the shoot of Vida faba plants to water stress.
    Nadi, A.H. El; Brouwer, R. ; Locher, J.T. - \ 1969
    Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science 17 (1969)2. - ISSN 0028-2928 - p. 133 - 142.
    Some responses of the root and the shoot of Vicia faba plants to water stress
    Nadi, A.H. El; Brouwer, R. ; Locher, J.T. - \ 1969
    Wageningen : [s.n.] (Mededeling / Instituut voor biologisch en scheikundig onderzoek van landbouwgewassen no. 396) - 10
    plantkunde - tuinbonen - bodemkunde - vicia faba - botany - faba beans - soil science - vicia faba
    Morphology of some soils in the Cumra area (Turkey), in particular the micromorphology of the carbonate fraction of an ustollic camborthid, a thapto calciorthidic ustollic camborthid, and a typic udorthent
    Locher, W.P. - \ 1969
    Wageningen : Wageningen Agricultural University - 86
    grondmechanica - bodemfysica - klein-azië - soil mechanics - soil physics - asia minor
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