Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

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Low genetic connectivity in a fouling amphipod among man-made structures in the southern North Sea
Luttikhuizen, P.C. ; Beermann, J. ; Crooijmans, R.P.M.A. ; Jak, R.G. ; Coolen, J.W.P. - \ 2019
Marine Ecology Progress Series 615 (2019). - ISSN 0171-8630 - p. 133 - 142.
Genetic strucutre - Connectivity - Offshore oil platform - Offshore wind farm - Amphipod - Biofouling - Gene flow
Offshore environments are increasingly invaded by man-made structures that form hard-substrate habitats for many marine species. Examples include oil and gas platforms, wind turbines and shipwrecks. One of the hypothesised effects is an increased genetic connectivity among natural populations due to new populations growing on man-made structures that may act as stepping stones. However, few data are available on genetic connectivity among organisms
inhabiting artificial offshore structures. Here, we present a study on the common fouling amphipod Jassa herdmani from offshore structures in the southern North Sea. Partial mitochondrial DNA sequences (cytochrome-c-oxidase 1, N = 514) were obtained from artificial structures at 17 locations in the southern North Sea, including 13 shipwrecks, 2 wind turbines and 2 platforms. Samples from these locations were significantly differentiated, meaning that strong population
structure exists for this species in the area. Levels of intraspecific variation were consistent with stable population sizes. No evidence was found for isolation by distance. Using coalescent simulations, the oldest population subdivision events were estimated to date back to the time the study area was flooded following the Last Glacial Maximum. We therefore tentatively conclude that J. herdmani may have colonised man-made structures from previously existing populations on the
sea floor, and that the increase in offshore installations has not led to an overall increase in genetic connectivity for this species.
Understanding the influence of man-made structures on the ecosystem functions of the North Sea (UNDINE)
Dannheim, Jennifer ; Beerman, Jan ; Lacroix, Geneviève ; Mesel, Ilse De; Kerckhof, Francis ; Schon, Isa ; Degraer, Steven ; Birchenough, Silvana N.R. ; Garcia, Clement ; Coolen, J.W.P. ; Lindeboom, H.J. ; Luttikhuizen, Pieternella C. - \ 2018
Wageningen : Wageningen Marine Research - 47 p.
RECON: Reef effect structures in the North Sea, islands or connections? : Summary report
Coolen, J.W.P. ; Jak, R.G. ; Weide, B.E. van der; Cuperus, J. ; Luttikhuizen, P. ; Schutter, M. ; Dorenbosch, M. ; Driessen, F. ; Lengkeek, W. ; Blomberg, M. ; Moorsel, G. van; Faasse, M.A. ; Bos, O.G. ; Dias, I.M. ; Spierings, M. ; Glorius, S.G. ; Becking, L.E. ; Schol, T. ; Crooijmans, R. ; Boon, A.R. ; Pelt, H. van; Kleissen, F. ; Gerla, D. ; Degraer, S. ; Lindeboom, H.J. - \ 2018
Den Helder : Wageningen Marine Research (Wageningen Marine Research rapport C074/17A) - 33
Spillover but no spillback of two invasive parasitic copepods from invasive Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) to native bivalve hosts
Goedknegt, M.A. ; Schuster, Anne Karin ; Buschbaum, Christian ; Gergs, René ; Jung, A.S. ; Luttikhuizen, Pieternella C. ; Meer, Jaap van der; Troost, Karin ; Wegner, K.M. ; Thieltges, David W. - \ 2017
Biological Invasions 19 (2017)1. - ISSN 1387-3547 - p. 365 - 379.
Invasive species - Mytilicola intestinalis - Mytilicola orientalis - Mytilus edulis - Parasite co-introduction - Wadden Sea

Invasive species can cause indirect effects on native biota by modifying parasite-host interactions and disease occurrence in native species. This study investigated the role of the invasive Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) in potential spillover (co-introduced parasites infect native hosts) and spillback (native or established parasites infect invasive hosts and re-infect native hosts) scenarios of recently introduced (Mytilicola orientalis) and previously established (Mytilicola intestinalis) marine parasitic copepods in two regions in northern Europe, the Dutch Delta and the Wadden Sea. By examining 3416 individuals of 11 potential host species from sympatric host populations, we found that the recently introduced parasite M. orientalis does not only infect its principal host, the invasive Pacific oyster (prevalence at infected sites 2–43 %, mean intensity 4.1 ± 0.6 SE), but also native blue mussels (Mytilus edulis; 3–63 %, 2.1 ± 0.2), common cockles (Cerastoderma edule; 2–13 %, 1.2 ± 0.3) and Baltic tellins (Macoma balthica; 6–7 %, 1.0 ± 0), confirming a spillover effect. Spillback effects were not observed as the previously established M. intestinalis was exclusively found in blue mussels (prevalence at infected locations 3–72 %, mean intensity 2.4 ± 0.3 SE). The high frequency of M. orientalis spillover, in particular to native mussels, suggests that Pacific oysters may cause strong parasite-mediated indirect impacts on native bivalve populations.

Where are the polyps? Molecular identification, distribution and population differentiation of Aurelia aurita jellyfish polyps in the southern North Sea area
Walraven, L. van; Driessen, F. ; Bleijswijk, J. van; Bol, A. ; Luttikhuizen, P. ; Coolen, J.W.P. ; Bos, Oscar ; Gittenberger, A. ; Schrieken, N. ; Langenberg, V.T. ; Veer, H.W. van der - \ 2016
Marine Biology 163 (2016). - ISSN 0025-3162
For many species of metagenic jellyfish the location of the benthic polyps is unknown. To gain insight in the distribution, species composition and population structure of scyphozoan jellyfish polyps in the southern North Sea area, polyp samples were collected from natural and artificial substrates (settling plates, marina floats and wrecks) at ten inshore locations in the Netherlands, seven offshore locations in the North Sea and in the Gullmar Fjord in Sweden. Polyps were identified to species level by sequencing both a fragment of 18S rDNA and a fragment of mitochondrial COI, and comparing these sequences to reference sequences available in GenBank and to newly obtained sequences from medusae collected in the area. All polyps sequenced did belong to Aurelia aurita. For this species, molecular diversity in mitochondrial COI was high, with 50 haplotypes among 183 polyps. Population differentiation was detected between the Dogger Bank and other—more coastal—locations, indicating extremely low connectivity. No significant differences were found between coastal samples. The location of polyps of Cyanea capillata, Cyanea lamarckii, Chrysaora hysoscella and Rhizostoma octopus in the study area remains unresolved.
Population genetic structure, abundance and health status of two dominant benthic species in the Saba Bank National Park, Caribbean Netherlands: Montastraea cavernosa and Xestospongia muta
Bakker, D.M. de; Meesters, H.W.G. ; Bleijswijk, J.D.L. van; Luttikhuizen, P. ; Breeuwer, J.A.J. ; Becking, L.E. - \ 2016
PLoS ONE 11 (2016)5. - ISSN 1932-6203 - 20 p.
Saba Bank, a submerged atoll in the Caribbean Sea with an area of 2,200 km2, has attained international conservation status due to the rich diversity of species that reside on the bank. In order to assess the role of Saba Bank as a potential reservoir of diversity for the surrounding reefs, we examined the population genetic structure, abundance and health status of two prominent benthic species, the coral Montastraea cavernosa and the sponge Xestospongia muta. Sequence data were collected from 34 colonies of M. cavernosa (nDNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2; 892 bp) and 68 X. muta sponges (mtDNA I3-M11 partition of COI; 544 bp) on Saba Bank and around Saba Island, and compared with published data across the wider Caribbean. Our data indicate that there is genetic connectivity between populations on Saba Bank and the nearby Saba Island as well as multiple locations in the wider Caribbean, ranging in distance from 100s–1000s km. The genetic diversity of Saba Bank populations of M. cavernosa (π = 0.055) and X. muta (π = 0.0010) was comparable to those in other regions in the western Atlantic. Densities and health status were determined along 11 transects of 50 m2 along the south-eastern rim of Saba Bank. The densities of M. cavernosa (0.27 ind. m-2, 95% CI: 0.12–0.52) were average, while the densities of X. muta (0.09 ind. m-2, 95% CI: 0.02–0.32) were generally higher with respect to other Caribbean locations. No disease or bleaching was present in any of the specimens of the coral M. cavernosa, however, we did observe partial tissue loss (77.9% of samples) as well as overgrowth (48.1%), predominantly by cyanobacteria. In contrast, the majority of observed X. muta (83.5%) showed signs of presumed bleaching. The combined results of apparent gene flow among populations on Saba Bank and surrounding reefs, the high abundance and unique genetic diversity, indicate that Saba Bank could function as an important buffer for the region. Either as a natural source of larvae to replenish genetic diversity or as a storehouse of diversity that can be utilized if needed for restoration practices
Site-specific distribution of the bivalve Scrobicularia plana along the European coast
Santos, S. ; Aarts, G.M. ; Luttikhuizen, P. ; Campos, J. ; Piersma, T. ; Veer, H.W. van der - \ 2012
Marine Ecology Progress Series 471 (2012). - ISSN 0171-8630 - p. 123 - 134.
spatial-distribution patterns - wadden sea - environmental variables - estuarine macrobenthos - population-dynamics - landscape-scale - food-web - invertebrates - community - ecology
The development and maintenance of spatial patterns and the way they affect the dynamics of populations and ecosystems is a key issue in ecology. Since each individual and each species experiences the environment on a unique range of scales, it is vital to determine the spatial scales across which organisms interact with each other and the structuring influence of their environments, which can be achieved by analyzing species’ distribution patterns. Here, the spatial variation in the distribution of Scrobicularia plana is described for 4 intertidal areas along the species’ distributional range. Spatial autocorrelation correlograms based on Moran’s coefficient reveal that while the Trondheim (Norway) population was randomly distributed, at Minho (Portugal), the Westerschelde, and the Wadden Sea (both in The Netherlands) populations were aggregated. Patch diameter varied from 150 to 1250 m, in Minho and Westerschelde, respectively; while in the Wadden Sea, patches of 4 to 10 km were detected. Comparisons of spatial patterns with those of other co-occurring bivalve species (Abra tenuis, Cerastoderma edule, and Macoma balthica) revealed that S. plana’s distribution was generally patchier. The distribution of S. plana was correlated with sediment type at Westerschelde and Trondheim, but not Minho. The observed differences in distribution patterns and their correlation with environmental factors reveal that spatial patterns of S. plana are site-specific rather than species-specific.
Investeren in landschapskwaliteit : de toekomstige vraag naar mooie landschappen om in te wonen, te werken en te ontspannen
Luttik, J. ; Veeneklaas, F.R. ; Vreke, J. ; Boer, T.A. de; Berg, L.M. van den; Luttikhuizen, P. - \ 2007
Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu (WOt-werkdocument 75) - 66
landschap - landschapsarchitectuur - kwaliteit - vestigingsplaats van de productie - investering - huisvesting - openluchtrecreatie - nederland - landschapsanalyse - buitenlanders - landscape - landscape architecture - quality - location of production - investment - housing - outdoor recreation - netherlands - landscape analysis - foreigners
De vraag is welke investeringen in landschapskwaliteit ertoe bijdragen dat Nederland in de toekomst een aantrekkelijke woon-, werk-, en daarmee ook vestigingsplaats vormt. Deze studie: • verkent de maatschappelijke vraag naar aantrekkelijke landschappen in 2040, aan de hand van de verwachte vraag naar vormen van wonen, recreatie, wellness en internationale werkgelegenheid die gebaat zijn bij een aantrekkelijk landschap; • ontwerpt in aansluiting daarop, bij wijze van voorbeeld, het profiel ‘Wellness’; onder een profiel verstaan we een combinatie van een ruimtegebruiksvorm en de bijbehorende wensen/eisen voor het omringende landschap); • werkt voor het profiel ‘Wellness’ - voor een bepaalde plek in Nederland (Montferland) - uit welke investeringen in landschapskwaliteit er nodig zijn om vraag (profiel) en aanbod (landschap) met elkaar in overeenstemming te brengen.
Introducing the key patch approach for habitat networks with persistent populations: an example for marshland birds
Verboom, J. ; Foppen, R.P.B. ; Chardon, J.P. ; Opdam, P.F.M. ; Luttikhuizen, P. - \ 2001
Biological Conservation 100 (2001). - ISSN 0006-3207 - p. 98 - 101.
In landscapes where natural habitat is highly fragmented, any method for assessment of population persistence or potential for biodiversity should be based upon metapopulation theory, taking into account the spatial and temporal dynamics of species. We argue that methods based upon species distribution data, population viability analyses (PVA), or landscape indices alone all have severe flaws. We introduce an approach based upon a combination of the three methods, in which ecologically scaled landscape indices (ESLI) are compared to spatial standards derived from both analysis of distribution data and PVA-type simulations. We derive spatial standards, introducing the key patch approach. Key patches are large patches with a stabilizing role in habitat networks. Key patch standards were developed using spatial analysis of presence–absence data and calibrated metapopulation models for marshland bird species. We show examples of the application of this approach in land use management at both regional and national planning scales.
Standards for persistent habitat networks for vertebrate populations: the key patch approach. An example for marshland bird populations
Verboom, J. ; Foppen, R. ; Chardon, P. ; Opdam, P. ; Luttikhuizen, P. - \ 2001
Biological Conservation 100 (2001). - ISSN 0006-3207 - p. 89 - 101.
Minimumarealen voor dieren in duurzame populatienetwerken
Verboom, J. ; Luttikhuizen, P.C. ; Kalkhoven, J.T.R. - \ 1997
Wageningen : IBN-DLO - 49
dieren - territorium - habitats - milieu - populatiedichtheid - populatie-ecologie - mortaliteit - populatiegroei - natuurbescherming - bescherming - samenleving - wildbescherming - flora - fauna - wild - conservering - wiskundige modellen - onderzoek - biometrie - nederland - natuur - animals - territory - environment - population density - population ecology - mortality - population growth - nature conservation - protection - society - wildlife conservation - wildlife - conservation - mathematical models - research - biometry - netherlands - nature
The rise and fall of Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) in a Tanzanian village.
Charlwood, J.D. ; Kihonda, J. ; Sama, S. ; Billingsley, P.F. ; Hadji, H. ; Verhave, J.P. ; Lyimo, E. ; Luttikhuizen, P.C. ; Smith, T. - \ 1995
Bulletin of Entomological Research 85 (1995)1. - ISSN 0007-4853 - p. 37 - 44.
Variation in host use in Encarsia formosa.
Henter, H.J. ; Luttikhuizen, P.C. ; Visser, J.W. ; Lenteren, J.C. van - \ 1993
IOBC/WPRS Bulletin 16 (1993)2. - ISSN 0253-1100 - p. 67 - 70.
Exposure of Ankole and cross-bred cattle to theileriosis in Rwanda.
Paling, R.W. ; Mpangala, C. ; Luttikhuizen, B. ; Sibomana, G. - \ 1991
Tropical Animal Health and Production 23 (1991). - ISSN 0049-4747 - p. 203 - 214.
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