Types and characteristics of urban green & blue spaces having an impact on human mental health and wellbeing : Methods Protocol, Knowledge assessment and synthesis
Andreucci, Maria Beatrice ; Vries, S. de; Marselle, Melissa R. ; Olszewska-Guizzo, Agnieszka ; Keune, Hans ; O'Brien, L. ; Russo, A. ; Remmen, Roy ; Davies, Zoe ; Livoreil, Barbara ; Beute, Femke ; Lammel, Annamaria - \ 2019
EKLIPSE - 13 p.
Working Group (EKLIPSE EWG) was formed to answer the following question: “Which types of urban and suburban blue and green spaces and which characteristics (components) of such spaces have a significant impact on human mental health and wellbeing?”. The answer will be provided by examining the scientific literature. Financial support from the World Health Organization (WHO), adding to that initially provided by EKLIPSE, will allow the EWG to conduct two separate systematic reviews (one for blue spaces and one for green spaces).
Previous reviews have been focused on the local amount and availability of, or access to, green (and to a much lesser extent) blue space. The current systematic reviews will be unique in that they focus on the mental health benefits of the type of green (and blue) space and of its distinct characteristics (components).
Each systematic reviews will follow six consecutive stages: 1) eligibility criteria for the articles will be formulated, 2) a systematic search strategy will be employed to yield relevant articles, 3) meta-data will be extracted and coded for each eligible study, 4) each study will be critically appraised, 5) a narrative and descriptive synthesis will be performed, and 6) outcomes of the synthesis will be discussed.
The main deliverable of the project will be two reports (blue and green), but will also include dissemination via oral presentations and each systematic review will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. The outcomes of the systematic reviews will be aimed to inform and provide recommendations to (future) decision makers in several domains, such as health promotion, nature management, spatial policy, urban planning, and design.
Biodiversity in the Context of ‘Biodiversity – Mental Health’ Research
Vries, Sjerp De; Snep, Robbert - \ 2019
In: Biodiversity and Health in the Face of Climate Change / Marselle, Melissa R., Stadler, Jutta, Korn, Horst, Irvine, Katherine N., Bonn, Aletta, Springer International Publishing - ISBN 9783030023171 - p. 159 - 173.
In this chapter the concept of biodiversity and its measurement and use in ‘biodiversity – mental health’ research is discussed, as well as access to and contact with biodiverse nature. It is pointed out that biodiversity is an ecological concept that originated in the context of nature conservation. It has evolved without consideration of its potential role in mental health promotion. In studying the latter, the concept of biodiversity is frequently adapted. Such adaptations are likely to occur at the expense of its relevance for nature conservation. Using the concept of biodiversity as originally intended may be fruitful for a different type of research question, focusing more on multi-functionality issues: can the same nature constitute a healthy, biodiverse ecosystem and enhance mental health simultaneously? By pointing out this and related issues, this chapter aims to support researchers and students in future research, and help both scientists and policy-makers to position and assess studies in this field.