Sustainable food consumption : a practice based approach
Sargant, E.M. - \ 2014
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Gert Spaargaren; J.T. Mommaas. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462571174 - 179
voedselconsumptie - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - consumentengedrag - voedselvoorkeuren - consumenten - cafetaria - catering - duurzame ontwikkeling - milieueffect - food consumption - sustainability - consumer behaviour - food preferences - consumers - cafeterias - catering - sustainable development - environmental impact
Consuming mobility : a practice approach to sustainable mobility transitions
Nijhuis, J.O. - \ 2013
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Gert Spaargaren; J.T. Mommaas. - Wageningen : Wageningen UR - ISBN 9789461737724 - 267
mobiliteit - duurzame ontwikkeling - milieubeleid - consumptie - innovaties - systeeminnovatie - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - consumentengedrag - samenleving - mobility - sustainable development - environmental policy - consumption - innovations - system innovation - sustainability - consumer behaviour - society
The current fossil fuel-based system of mobility is associated with a wide range of environmental and social problems. There is a growing body of literature on system innovations and transitions which has as a common understanding that long-term transformative change is necessary to deal with these complex problems. However, knowledge on the crucial role of citizen-consumers in sustainable mobility transitions is still underdeveloped. By incorporating the viewpoint of consumption patterns and everyday life routines, this book provides (new) knowledge on the role of citizen-consumers in sustainable mobility transitions. Theoretically, a practice based approach is developed as a novel framework to analyse, understand and influence transition processes to sustainable mobility at the level of everyday life. The focus in each of the three cases studies is on situated interactions between consumers and producers. Amongst these is an analysis of the role environmental information and subsidies in new car purchasing. Also, various examples in which an attempt was made to orchestrate a (modal) shift in commuting practices are examined. Each of the empirical case studies shows the important role of contextual factors in understanding and influencing mobility behaviour of citizen-consumers. In addition, this book helps to understand how and why innovation in mobility practices takes place or not.
Forword: sustainability in agrifood chains and networks
Fischer, A.R.H. ; Beers, P.J. ; Trijp, J.C.M. van; Jacobsen, E. ; Mommaas, H. ; Veldkamp, A. - \ 2012
Journal on Chain and Network Science 12 (2012)2. - ISSN 1569-1829 - p. 95 - 97.
To feed this and the next generations, sustainable development is considered the only viable future for agriculture. The successful implementation of sustainable development has remained an elusive goal in agriculture. Innovation initiatives in agriculture, such as TransForum in the Netherlands, have tried to provide best practice to start such innovations in agrifood chains and networks. In its 6 year existence, between 2004 and 2010, Transforum has been an intermediary between knowledge institutes, entrepreneurs, NGO's and governmental organisations. This has resulted in several successful innovation initiatives in Dutch agriculture and a wealth of knowledge on organising networks and chains for sustainable innovation. TransForum has operated from its vision that metropolitan agriculture is the way forward for sustainable development in the Dutch agriculture sector and posited 4 central elements of successful innovation: (1) shared image creation; (2) relevant inventions for sustainability; (3) dealing with institutional context; and (4) the creation of market directed chains for sustainable products (Fischer et al., 2012; Veldkamp et al., 2009).
|Waardenmakerij: cahier gebiedsontwikkeling
Luin, A. van; Termeer, C.J.A.M. ; Mommaas, H. ; Breeman, G.E. ; Hinssen, J. - \ 2012
Gouda : Innovatieprogramma NederLandBovenWater - ISBN 9789081710022 - 52
overheidsbeleid - gebiedsontwikkeling - duurzame ontwikkeling - nederland - morele waarden - sociale waarden - government policy - area development - sustainable development - netherlands - moral values - social values
Dit cahier gaat over het maken van waarde en waarden. Daarmee staat het met één been in de wereld van moderniteit waarin maakbaarheid steeds is verondersteld. Of dit vandaag de dag dwaze overmoed is, dan wel een nobel en realistisch streven, hangt in sterke mate af van de aard van de waarden waarover we het hebben. Ons economisch stelsel rust op de veronderstelling dat waarde te vermeerderen is door intelligente productie. Maar projecteren we het waardebegrip op ethiek en esthetiek, op het goede, het schone en het waarachtige, dan is het maken van waarden veel problematischer. In het cahier komen beide soorten van waarden aan de orde. Wij leven ook aan het begin van een tijdperk waarin het holistische begrip van het goede leven opnieuw is vormgegeven in het streven naar duurzame ontwikkeling. Dit omvat steeds zowel de ecologische en de sociale als de economische dimensie van het bestaan. Wij hadden eerder in de illusie van de specialisatie vergeten dat ieder maatschappelijk ontwerp aan die meerdimensionale toets moet voldoen. Het cahier draagt bij aan hoopvolle bewustwording. Ik prijs het graag bij u aan.
Transforum system innovation towards sustainable food. A review
Fischer, A.R.H. ; Beers, P.J. ; Latesteijn, H. Van; Andeweg, K. ; Jacobsen, E. ; Mommaas, H. ; Trijp, J.C.M. van; Veldkamp, A. - \ 2012
Agronomy for Sustainable Development 32 (2012)2. - ISSN 1774-0746 - p. 595 - 608.
management - transitions - knowledge - water
Innovations in the agri-food sector are needed to create a sustainable food supply. Sustainable food supply requires unexpectedly that densely populated regions remain food producers. A Dutch innovation program has aimed at showing the way forward through creating a number of practice and scientific projects. Generic lessons from the scientific projects in this program are likely to be of interest to agricultural innovation in other densely populated regions in the world. Based on the executed scientific projects, generic lessons across the whole innovation program are derived. We found that the agricultural sector requires evolutionary rather than revolutionary changes to reshaping institutions. Measuring sustainability is possible against benchmarks and requires stakeholder agreement on sustainability values. Results show the importance of multiple social views and multiple stakeholder involvement in agricultural innovation. Findings call for flexible goal rather than process-oriented management of innovation. Findings also emphasise the essential role of profit in anchoring sustainable development in business. The results agree with concepts of evolutionary innovation. We conclude that there is no single best solution to making the agri-food sector more sustainable densely populated areas, but that the combination of a range of solutions and approaches is likely to provide the best way forward.
Social learning in innovation networks: how multisectoral collaborations shape discourses of sustainable agriculture
Hermans, F.L.P. - \ 2011
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Tom Veldkamp; J.T. Mommaas, co-promotor(en): Kasper Kok. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789461730985 - 182
duurzame landbouw - innovaties - innovatie adoptie - sociaal leren - netwerken - discoursanalyse - landgebruik - sustainable agriculture - innovations - innovation adoption - social learning - networks - discourse analysis - land use
The increasing complexity of modern day society has led to the emergence of a specific type of sustainability problems known as complex problems. These types of problems can be characterised by their cognitive complexity and inherent insecurity, their normative complexity that allows for completely different interpretations rooted in different worldviews and finally the occurrence of a conflict of interests between different actors.
Sustainable agriculture is the case in point. The Dutch countryside is standing on the threshold of a major transition. Rural development in The Netherlands nowadays involves far more than just restructuring agricultural production. The linear innovation perspective where new knowledge was discovered at universities and subsequently transferred to farmers by means of government sponsored extension services has given way to a new perspective on innovation. This perspective takes a relational view on innovation in which knowledge and innovations are co-created together with stakeholders and it emphasises the importance of experimentation and social learning involving a multisectoral network of actors from science, businesses, government agencies and nongovernmental organisations. The aim of these collaborative innovation networks is to contribute to the transition to sustainable agriculture, a radical and structural change of the agricultural system as a whole.
This thesis focuses on these innovation networks in the context of sustainable agriculture. Its aim is to explore some of the underlying social mechanisms at play in these collaborative networks. Network perspectives have been used extensively to model the linear diffusion of knowledge from universities to farmers and between farmers themselves. However, bottom-up innovation projects with stakeholders do not only require knowledge transfer, but also need to change the organisational structures, laws and institutions governing the sector. This thesis consists of two main parts. The first part of this thesis addresses the content of the concept of sustainable agriculture. It conceptualises innovation as a social learning process in which participants forge new relationships to enhance information flows and learn from each other. The results can thus be divided into ‘outputs’ and ‘outcomes’. Outputs are the plans, scenarios, computer models and indicators that form the physical results of a collaborative process. The outcomes are formed by the building of trust and the development of a new discourse, a new shared language with which to communicate with each other. Using discourse analysis and Q-methodology the existing rurality discourses in the Netherlands were compared to the discourses that were present in the number of innovation projects dealing with sustainable agriculture. Results show that discourses of sustainable agriculture are a natural continuation of existing rurality discourses. The use of technology and the agricultural production function of rural landscapes are among the two most contested elements within the discourses. They are either anti-technological focusing on a multi-functional use of the countryside, or technophile with a strong sense of entitlement of agrarian production in the countryside. Both these extremes are limiting the possibilities for innovative projects to become successful. This thesis defines the concept of Metropolitan Agriculture as a form of sustainable agriculture that combines a technological approach of agriculture on the one hand with a multifunctional use of the countryside.
The second part of the thesis elaborates a new network perspective that links three network functions in innovation systems to individual skills of knowledge creation, institutional entrepreneurship and innovation brokerage. These functions are necessary for the up- and outscaling of a local innovation. Social Network Analysis was used to study the distribution of these three functions over the participants of a collaborative innovation network. Results showed that these three functions are concentrated in three small core-groups and that these core-groups only displayed a very limited overlap. To what extent people are capable to perform one of these three functions depends for a large part on the type of organisation they work for.
Finally, this thesis presents a new mapping technique to investigate and explain the network dynamics of a collaborative innovation network. Using this technique a longitudinal two-mode affiliation network was constructed over a period of 16 years. The analysis of the network dynamics shows how the structural characteristics of size, composition, connectedness and centralisation of a collaborative network change and how these changes are the result of the social relations between actors at the project level as they choose their partners to cooperate with and enter a process of social learning. This thesis therefore shows how the macro-level network dynamics can be explained by micro-level niche processes. It shows how the ideas in the niche change over time with new actors entering the network and other ones leaving after a certain period. The two parts of the thesis together explain how collaboration processes at the niche level can only gradually change societal discourses. In order to ‘sell’ a new idea it has to be embedded within familiar discourse elements. At the same time, these ideas play an important role in finding new partners to collaborate with and expand the existing innovation network.
Weerspiegeling, Scenario’s voor een integrale gebiedsontwikkeling van het Land van Thorn
Broos, G. ; Coninx, I. ; Kranendonk, R.P. ; Mansfeld, M.J.M. van; Bokhoven, D. van; Heusschen, M. ; Mommaas, H. ; Boelens, L. - \ 2010
Zoetermeer : TransForum - 58
regionale planning - gebiedsontwikkeling - landgebruiksplanning - gemeenten - midden-limburg - regional planning - area development - land use planning - municipalities - midden-limburg
Met de uitkomsten van deze haalbaarheidstudie verwacht de gemeente meer inzicht te krijgen in de haalbaarheid van de gebiedsconcepten die voor Land van Thorn worden ontwikkeld. Door de haalbaarheidsstudie gelijktijdig met het publieke planvormingsproces (structuurvisie en Masterplan) op te laten lopen, verwacht de gemeente tijdwinst te boeken. Want als uit de TransForum-studie Land van Thorn blijkt dat de integrale gebiedsontwikkeling haalbaar is, kan door de gemeente meteen een oordeel gevormd worden over de inpassing van dit integrale gebiedsplan in de structuurvisie en het Masterplan.
Evaluation "Toolbox Value Creation" (WP-101)
Beulens, A.J.M. ; Hofstede, G.J. ; Korver, S. ; Vorst, J.G.A.J. van der; Mommaas, H. - \ 2010
[S.l.] : TransForum - 4
ketenmanagement - informatiemanagement - agro-industriële ketens - innovaties - verandering - gereedschappen - modellen - supply chain management - information management - agro-industrial chains - innovations - change - tools - models
Evaluation of a TransForum project based on a limited capacity and a straightforward idea: innovations in a production network are enhanced by adopting a perspective that combines 1) a whole-chain multiinput, multi-output perspective on all processes, 2) a dynamic problem delineation allowing for the inclusion of non-obvious stakeholders, 3) inclusion of People, Planet and Profit considerations as distinct variables in a combined model. The QChain tool is straightforward and easily usable. A freeware version is available in the public domain and further developments, with interested parties is possible. The process model around it has only partly been tested in the pilot project, but looks promising.
Evaluation "Vital Coalitions" (WP-053)
Horlings, L.G. ; Hendriks, F. ; Brink, A. van den; Mommaas, H. - \ 2010
landbouw - regionale ontwikkeling - regionale planning - stedelijke gebieden - platteland - kennismanagement - samenwerking - agriculture - regional development - regional planning - urban areas - rural areas - knowledge management - cooperation
TransForum aims to promote sustainable development. Especially in regional programs, this often implies building new urban-rural coalitions, across administrative, spatial and business based boundaries, thus organizing a new trans-sectorial capacity to act. How to do this? Which experiences can be identified? To formulate a perspective on and identify conditions favoring the organization of vital urban-rural based coalitions, organizing a more inclusive capacity to act, in order to realize a more sustainable regional agricultural development.
The contested redefinition of a sustainable countryside: revisiting Frouws' rurality discourses
Hermans, F.L.P. ; Horlings, L.G. ; Beers, P.J. ; Mommaas, J.T. - \ 2010
Sociologia Ruralis 50 (2010)1. - ISSN 0038-0199 - p. 46 - 63.
agriculture - netherlands
This article gives an overview of the present day discourses on the sustainable development of Dutch agriculture. It aims to advance rural sociology by illustrating how these sustainability discourses actually contain completely opposing views of the future of the countryside. A qualitative analysis of interviews done with innovators in the agricultural sector indicates that the different discourses on the sustainable development of agriculture are a natural continuation of the different views of rurality previously identified by Jaap Frouws (1998). The redefinition of Dutch agriculture and the Dutch countryside is still contested; each discourse has its own vision on the sustainable development of the sector and the surrounding space. We conclude, therefore, that sustainable development has not functioned as an unifying concept to help different parties overcome their differences and work on win-win solutions. The sustainability agenda seems to have intensified an already slumbering difference of interests and perspectives, with the utilitarian, the agri-ruralist and the hedonist discourse each incorporating their own sustainability perspective. The hedonist and utilitarian discourses in particular aspire to sustainable agriculture on different scales and with opposing arguments. In a many respects they are polar opposites, and this has consequences for the possibility of bringing together stakeholders working towards sustainable agriculture.
Sustainable Tourism Mobilities. A practice approach
Verbeek, D.H.P. - \ 2009
Tilburg University. Promotor(en): J.T. Mommaas; Gert Spaargaren, co-promotor(en): B. Bargeman. - Tilburg : Telos - ISBN 9789090246789 - 319 p.
Triggering transitions towards sustainable development of the Dutch agricultural sector: TransForum's approach
Veldkamp, A. ; Altvorst, A.C. Van; Eweg, R. ; Jacobsen, E. ; Kleef, A. Van; Latesteijn, H. Van; Mager, S. ; Mommaas, H. ; Smeets, P.J.A.M. ; Spaans, L. ; Trijp, J.C.M. van - \ 2009
Agronomy for Sustainable Development 29 (2009). - ISSN 1774-0746 - p. 87 - 96.
social-ecological systems - land-use - perspective - resilience
TransForum is an innovation program which aims to make a substantial contribution to the transition towards more sustainable development of the Dutch agricultural sector. This article describes the scientific foundation and architecture of this program. TransForum operates on the basis of five working hypotheses which together constitute one integrated analytical framework. These hypotheses are: (1) sustainable development is a dynamic system property; (2) sustainable development needs system innovation; (3) system innovation is a non-linear learning process; (4) system innovation requires active participation of relevant key players from knowledge institutes, governmental bodies, civil society organisations and the business community; (5) the program requires transdisciplinary collaboration of all players. TransForum identifies three new innovation strategies: (1) vital clusters; (2) regional development; (3) international agro-food networks; as alternatives to the current arrangements. Innovative projects are organised in these innovation strategies. The aim of the scientific program is threefold: (1) it addresses research questions raised in the innovative projects; (2) it investigates the need for system-innovations and the way in which they can be realized; (3) it designs research projects to test the 5 main working hypotheses of the program. The scientific program is organised in four themes following a cyclic innovation process which is constantly monitored. The cycle starts with people's preferences and images, followed by studies on which inventions are required to achieve a successful innovation. Subsequently, it is investigated how to organize new innovations and transitions and finally, how citizen/consumers behaviour and preferences mobilizes sustainable development, closing the loop
|Nationale overheid, burgers, en politiek in een tijdperk van globalisering: drie uitdagingen.
Spaargaren, G. ; Mommaas, J.T. ; Burg, S.W.K. van den - \ 2008
In: Een andere rol voor de overheid? / van den Burg, S.W.K., Spaargaren, G., van Lith, D., Wageningen : Wageningen Universiteit - Milieubeleid - ISBN 9789064642333 - p. 3 - 8.
|Betrokkenheid van burger-consumenten en aanbieders bij milieu-verandering in alledaagse consumptiepraktijken; het CONTRAST-project en beleid voor duurzamer consumptie
Spaargaren, G. ; Mommaas, J.T. - \ 2007
Wageningen : Wageningen Universiteit - 22 p.
Spaargaren, G. ; Mommaas, J.T. - \ 2006
Sociology : the Journal of the British Sociological Association 40 (2006)6. - ISSN 0038-0385 - p. 1219 - 1220.
Spaargaren, G. ; Mommaas, J.T. - \ 2006
Sociology : the Journal of the British Sociological Association 40 (2006). - ISSN 0038-0385 - p. 1219 - 1220.
|De RMNO kennisagenda 'Duurzame Ontwikkeling van Toerisme': inleiding
Duim, V.R. van der - \ 2006
Vrijetijdstudies 24 (2006)4. - ISSN 1384-2439 - p. 48 - 49.
toerisme - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - participatie - ontwikkeling - tourism - sustainability - participation - development
Deze bijdrage bevat diverse reacties op de kennisagenda van RMNO. Achtereenvolgens: 1. De rol van de consument (Verbeek en Mommaas, Tilburg). 2. Een kennisagenda met kennislacunes (Peeters, NHTV). 3. Een kennisagenda met open einden (Bartels, RMNO). Het artikel is voorz van inleiding en nawoord (onderzoek duurzaam toerisme nog in ontwikkeling) van Van der Duim (Wageningen Universiteit)
|Rethinking sustainable tourism development: an actor-network perspective
Duim, V.R. van der - \ 2004
In: De veranderende tijd: Opstellen over tijd en vrijetijd / Bargeman, B, Breedveld, K., Mommaas, H., Tilburg : Universiteit van Tilburg - ISBN 9789072725707 - p. 125 - 136.
|Bomenpleinen en pleinbomen
Coumans, A. ; Dordregter, P. ; Mommaas, J.T. ; Snelder, C. ; Hermans, W. ; Koerse, W. ; Josselin de Jong, F.O.T. de - \ 2003
In: Pleinenboek / Coumans, A., Utrecht : Hogeschool voor de Kunsten Utrecht - ISBN 9789071759246 - p. 120 - 147.
|Anthony Giddens: een kennismaking met de structuratietheorie, 3e dr.
Munters, Q.J. ; Meijer, E. ; Mommaas, H. ; Poel, H. van der; Spaargaren, G. - \ 1993
Wageningen : Pudoc - 110 p.