Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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‘Sommige mensen schrikken echt van zo'n listeria-schandaal’
Dagevos, H. - \ 2019
Anti-inflammatory nutrition with high protein attenuates cardiac and skeletal muscle alterations in a pulmonary arterial hypertension model
Vinke, Paulien ; Bowen, T.S. ; Boekschoten, Mark V. ; Witkamp, Renger F. ; Adams, Volker ; Norren, Klaske van - \ 2019
Scientific Reports 9 (2019)1. - ISSN 2045-2322

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by remodelling of the pulmonary arteries and right ventricle (RV), which leads to functional decline of cardiac and skeletal muscle. This study investigated the effects of a multi-targeted nutritional intervention with extra protein, leucine, fish oil and oligosaccharides on cardiac and skeletal muscle in PAH. PAH was induced in female C57BL/6 mice by weekly injections of monocrotaline (MCT) for 8 weeks. Control diet (sham and MCT group) and isocaloric nutritional intervention (MCT + NI) were administered. Compared to sham, MCT mice increased heart weight by 7%, RV thickness by 13% and fibrosis by 60% (all p < 0.05) and these were attenuated in MCT + NI mice. Microarray and qRT-PCR analysis of RV confirmed effects on fibrotic pathways. Skeletal muscle fiber atrophy was induced (P < 0.05) by 22% in MCT compared to sham mice, but prevented in MCT + NI group. Our findings show that a multi-targeted nutritional intervention attenuated detrimental alterations to both cardiac and skeletal muscle in a mouse model of PAH, which provides directions for future therapeutic strategies targeting functional decline of both tissues.

Anti-inflammatory nutrition with high protein attenuates cardiac and skeletal muscle alterations in a pulmonary arterial hypertension model
Vinke, Paulien ; Bowen, T.S. ; Boekschoten, M.V. ; Witkamp, R.F. ; Adams, V. ; Norren, K. van; Hooiveld, G.J.E.J. - \ 2019
Mus musculus - GSE125537 - PRJNA516702
Background: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive and fatal disease predominantly affecting women and characterized by right ventricular (RV) remodeling. PAH patients experience exercise intolerance and fatigue, often associated with functional decline of their cardiac and skeletal muscle. As treatment options for these disease manifestations are very limited, there is a need for novel therapeutic strategies. The present study used a pulmonary arterial hypertension model in female mice to investigate effects of a nutritional combination (containing extra protein, leucine, fish oil and oligosaccharides) presumably targeting pathways involved in cardiac and skeletal muscle remodeling. Methods: Pulmonary arterial hypertension was induced in female mice (C57/BL6) by weekly administration of monocrotaline (MCT; s.c. 600 mg/kg) during 8 weeks, using saline injection as control. During that period, one MCT group (MCT; n=9) and the sham group (Sham; n=9) received a control diet (standard AIN-93M) while a further MCT-treated group received the nutritional intervention (NI, isocaloric) (MCT+NI; n=10). Histological analyses were performed on the RV, tibialis anterior (TA), soleus and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle. Microarray and qRT-PCR analysis for gene expression were performed in RV tissue, and protein analysis by Western blot in tibialis anterior material. Results: Compared to sham mice, MCT mice showed an increase in heart weight by 7%, RV thickness by 13% and fibrosis by 60% (all p<0.05), which were attenuated in MCT+NI mice. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) of array data from the RV confirmed upregulation of fibrotic pathways in the MCT-compared to sham-treated mice (P<0.05), which were downregulated in MCT+NI mice. In addition, skeletal muscle fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) of the tibialis anterior was reduced (P<0.05) by 22% in MCT compared to sham mice, but preserved in the MCT+NI group (1503 vs. 1178 vs 1495 µm2, respectively), with protein expression of the key E3 ligase MuRF1 also reduced by 30% compared to MCT mice alone (p<0.05). In the EDL, CSA was also reduced (p<0.05) by 28% in MCT compared to sham mice and preserved in the group receiving nutritional intervention (764 vs. 542 Vs.742 µm2). No effect of MCT or nutritional intervention was found in the soleus. Conclusions: A multi-compound supplemented nutrition significantly attenuated changes in both cardiac and skeletal muscle in a mouse model of PAH, providing directions for future therapeutic strategies targeting functional decline of both tissues
Bovine beta-casein micelles as delivery systems for hydrophobic flavonoids
Li, Mo ; Fokkink, Remco ; Ni, Yuanying ; Kleijn, Mieke - \ 2019
Food Hydrocolloids 96 (2019). - ISSN 0268-005X - p. 653 - 662.
Delivery nano-vehicles - Hydrophobic bioactive compounds - Naringenin - β-casein micelles

The milk protein β-casein (β-CN) is an intrinsically unstructured amphiphilic protein that self-assembles into micelles. Naringenin is the main hydrophobic flavanone in grapefruit and has several beneficial biological effects: it exhibits, for example, antioxidant, anticancer and anti-inflammatory activity. This paper shows that naringenin can be encapsulated in β-CN micelles. Fluorescence spectroscopy, molecular docking modelling, dynamic light scattering (DLS), static light scattering (SLS) and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) were applied to characterize the effect of naringenin on the protein association behavior and properties of the resulting micelles. Naringenin binds to β-CN at both pH 7 and pH 2, promotes the formation of micelles with a well-defined size distribution and stabilizes the micelles. It was found that naringenin-containing β-CN micelles have a lower critical micelle concentration (CMC) and a larger aggregation number (Nagg) compared to pure β-CN micelles. SLS and multi-angle DLS results suggest considerable differences between the structures of pure β-CN micelles and naringenin-containing β-CN micelles. In the presence of naringenin spherical micelles were formed with a relatively loose core (“hollow sphere”), while the pure β-CN micelles are smaller and seem to be elliptic. Notably, by uptake of naringenin in the micelles, the concentration of naringenin in aqueous solution could be raised considerably. These findings lead to the conclusion that β-CN micelles are very promising as effective delivery nano-vehicles for hydrophobic bioactive compounds.

Impact of maternal body mass index and gestational weight gain on pregnancy complications: an individual participant data meta-analysis of European, North American and Australian cohorts
Santos, S. ; Voerman, E. ; Amiano, P. ; Barros, H. ; Beilin, L.J. ; Bergström, A. ; Charles, M.A. ; Chatzi, L. ; Chevrier, C. ; Chrousos, G.P. ; Corpeleijn, E. ; Costa, O. ; Costet, N. ; Crozier, S. ; Devereux, G. ; Doyon, M. ; Eggesbø, M. ; Fantini, M.P. ; Farchi, S. ; Forastiere, F. ; Georgiu, V. ; Godfrey, K.M. ; Gori, D. ; Grote, V. ; Hanke, W. ; Hertz-Picciotto, I. ; Heude, B. ; Hivert, M.F. ; Hryhorczuk, D. ; Huang, R.C. ; Inskip, H. ; Karvonen, A.M. ; Kenny, L.C. ; Koletzko, B. ; Küpers, L.K. ; Lagström, H. ; Lehmann, I. ; Magnus, P. ; Majewska, R. ; Mäkelä, J. ; Manios, Y. ; McAuliffe, F.M. ; McDonald, S.W. ; Mehegan, J. ; Melén, E. ; Mommers, M. ; Morgen, C.S. ; Moschonis, G. ; Murray, D. ; Ní Chaoimh, C. ; Nohr, E.A. ; Nybo Andersen, A.M. ; Oken, E. ; Oostvogels, A.J.J.M. ; Pac, A. ; Papadopoulou, E. ; Pekkanen, J. ; Pizzi, C. ; Polanska, K. ; Porta, D. ; Richiardi, L. ; Rifas-Shiman, S.L. ; Roeleveld, N. ; Ronfani, L. ; Santos, A.C. ; Standl, M. ; Stigum, H. ; Stoltenberg, C. ; Thiering, E. ; Thijs, C. ; Torrent, M. ; Tough, S.C. ; Trnovec, T. ; Turner, S. ; Gelder, M.M.H.J. van; Rossem, L. van; Berg, A. von; Vrijheid, M. ; Vrijkotte, T.G.M. ; West, J. ; Wijga, A.H. ; Wright, J. ; Zvinchuk, O. ; Sørensen, T.I.A. ; Lawlor, D.A. ; Gaillard, R. ; Jaddoe, V.W.V. - \ 2019
BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology 126 (2019)8. - ISSN 1470-0328 - p. 984 - 995.
Birthweight - body mass index - pregnancy complications - preterm birth - weight gain

Objective: To assess the separate and combined associations of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain with the risks of pregnancy complications and their population impact. Design: Individual participant data meta-analysis of 39 cohorts. Setting: Europe, North America, and Oceania. Population: 265 270 births. Methods: Information on maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, gestational weight gain, and pregnancy complications was obtained. Multilevel binary logistic regression models were used. Main outcome measures: Gestational hypertension, pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, preterm birth, small and large for gestational age at birth. Results: Higher maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain were, across their full ranges, associated with higher risks of gestational hypertensive disorders, gestational diabetes, and large for gestational age at birth. Preterm birth risk was higher at lower and higher BMI and weight gain. Compared with normal weight mothers with medium gestational weight gain, obese mothers with high gestational weight gain had the highest risk of any pregnancy complication (odds ratio 2.51, 95% CI 2.31– 2.74). We estimated that 23.9% of any pregnancy complication was attributable to maternal overweight/obesity and 31.6% of large for gestational age infants was attributable to excessive gestational weight gain. Conclusions: Maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain are, across their full ranges, associated with risks of pregnancy complications. Obese mothers with high gestational weight gain are at the highest risk of pregnancy complications. Promoting a healthy pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain may reduce the burden of pregnancy complications and ultimately the risk of maternal and neonatal morbidity. Tweetable abstract: Promoting a healthy body mass index and gestational weight gain might reduce the population burden of pregnancy complications.

Potential impact of hydrodynamic shear force in aquifer thermal energy storage on dissolved organic matter releasement : A vigorous shaking batch study
Ni, Zhuobiao ; Li, Xiao ; Wang, Yafei ; Wang, Yue ; Qiu, Rongliang ; Rijnaarts, Huub ; Grotenhuis, Tim - \ 2019
Science of the Total Environment 677 (2019). - ISSN 0048-9697 - p. 263 - 271.
Aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) - Bioremediation - COD - Dissolved organic matter (DOM) - Hydrodynamic shear force - TOC

The combination of bioremediation and aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) has become attractive because of the possibility of solving environmental and energy problems simultaneously. While the impact of ATES on groundwater quality due to temperature change has received ample attention in literature, the effect of the greatly enhanced groundwater flow velocity on groundwater quality has not yet received sufficient scientific attention. To fill this gap in understanding, we conducted a simple yet straightforward experiment to illustrate the impact of hydrodynamic shear force due to the water flow by ATES on the release of dissolved organic matter, which can potentially be advantageous to bioremediation. Vigorous shaking conditions were applied to simulate the enhanced dynamics at the ATES well center and nearby. As the indicators of dissolved organic matter, COD and TOC concentrations were significantly impacted by shaking. COD increased from 5.4 mgO 2 /L to 36.3 mgO 2 /L during horizontal shaking. The maximum COD level was determined as 33.8 mgO 2 /L during orbital shaking, while the TOC level was growing from 6.7 to 28.7 mg C/L. Meanwhile, redox potential (with initial level -100 mV) was decreasing to -450 mV synchronously with the elevating COD and TOC level. Temperature was also revealed as a significant factor in the organic matter releasement. Microbial iron reduction was deemed to occur, yet sulfate reduction was not initiated during the whole experiment. Eventually, the structure of the soil-water matrix has been changed due to the extensive hydraulic and particle collisions, resulting in blackish appearance and thicker layer of fine particles. Overall, the findings advance our understanding of the role of the ATES-induced water flow in the subsurface biogeochemistry and give insight into the perspective of the combination of bioremediation and ATES. In general, an increase in dissolved organic matter can be expected due to the increased shear force at high flow conditions in the ATES system.

Assessment of biomass ash applications in soil and cement mortars
Tosti, Lorenzo ; Zomeren, André van; Pels, Jan R. ; Dijkstra, Joris J. ; Comans, Rob N.J. - \ 2019
Chemosphere 223 (2019). - ISSN 0045-6535 - p. 425 - 437.
Availability - Biomass ash - Cement - pH-dependent leaching - Regulations - Soil amendment

The pH-dependent availability and leaching of major and trace elements was investigated for a wide range of biomass ash from different fuels and conversion technologies. A technical and environmental assessment of selected biomass ash for application in soil or cement mortars was performed, using both the total content and leaching of elements. A large variation in biomass ash composition, yet consistent pH dependent leaching patterns were observed for most elements and conversion technologies. Chromium showed a distinct behaviour which was hypothesized to reflect redox conditions during conversion of the biomass. The leaching based approach was found to provide a more realistic assessment of the availability of desired (i.e. nutrients) and undesired elements (i.e. contaminants) in soil systems. When applied to a reference soil at a rate of 2% by weight, the selected biomass ash increased the concentration of particularly Cr, Mo and Zn in soil solution to a level of concern. For cement applications, the release of Ba, Cr and Mo can become of concern during the second life stage, but the release was not attributed to the included biomass ash. Both soil and cement matrixes were found to control the release of elements such as Cu, V and Ni (soil) and As, Cr and Mo (cement) when compared to the released from pure biomass ash, underlining the importance of evaluating the availability and leaching of desired and undesired elements in the application scenario. Given current regulatory criteria, beneficial utilization of biomass ash in cement may be more feasible than in soil, but regulatory criteria based on leaching rather than total content of elements may widen the application potential of biomass ash.

Maternal body mass index, gestational weight gain, and the risk of overweight and obesity across childhood : An individual participant data meta-analysis
Voerman, Ellis ; Santos, Susana ; Patro Golab, Bernadeta ; Amiano, Pilar ; Ballester, Ferran ; Barros, Henrique ; Bergström, Anna ; Charles, Marie Aline ; Chatzi, Leda ; Chevrier, Cécile ; Chrousos, George P. ; Corpeleijn, Eva ; Costet, Nathalie ; Crozier, Sarah ; Devereux, Graham ; Eggesbø, Merete ; Ekström, Sandra ; Fantini, Maria Pia ; Farchi, Sara ; Forastiere, Francesco ; Georgiu, Vagelis ; Godfrey, Keith M. ; Gori, Davide ; Grote, Veit ; Hanke, Wojciech ; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva ; Heude, Barbara ; Hryhorczuk, Daniel ; Huang, Rae Chi ; Inskip, Hazel ; Iszatt, Nina ; Karvonen, Anne M. ; Kenny, Louise C. ; Koletzko, Berthold ; Küpers, Leanne K. ; Lagström, Hanna ; Lehmann, Irina ; Magnus, Per ; Majewska, Renata ; Mäkelä, Johanna ; Manios, Yannis ; McAuliffe, Fionnuala M. ; McDonald, Sheila W. ; Mehegan, John ; Mommers, Monique ; Morgen, Camilla S. ; Mori, Trevor A. ; Moschonis, George ; Murray, Deirdre ; Chaoimh, Carol Ní ; Nohr, Ellen A. ; Nybo Andersen, Anne Marie ; Oken, Emily ; Oostvogels, Adriëtte J.J.M. ; Pac, Agnieszka ; Papadopoulou, Eleni ; Pekkanen, Juha ; Pizzi, Costanza ; Polanska, Kinga ; Porta, Daniela ; Richiardi, Lorenzo ; Rifas-Shiman, Sheryl L. ; Ronfani, Luca ; Santos, Ana C. ; Standl, Marie ; Stoltenberg, Camilla ; Thiering, Elisabeth ; Thijs, Carel ; Torrent, Maties ; Tough, Suzanne C. ; Trnovec, Tomas ; Turner, Steve ; Rossem, Lenie van; Berg, Andrea von; Vrijheid, Martine ; Vrijkotte, Tanja G.M. ; West, Jane ; Wijga, Alet ; Wright, John ; Zvinchuk, Oleksandr ; Sørensen, Thorkild I.A. ; Lawlor, Debbie A. ; Gaillard, Romy ; Jaddoe, Vincent W.V. - \ 2019
PLOS Medicine 16 (2019)2. - ISSN 1549-1676 - p. e1002744 - e1002744.

BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity and excessive gestational weight gain may have persistent effects on offspring fat development. However, it remains unclear whether these effects differ by severity of obesity, and whether these effects are restricted to the extremes of maternal body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain. We aimed to assess the separate and combined associations of maternal BMI and gestational weight gain with the risk of overweight/obesity throughout childhood, and their population impact. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted an individual participant data meta-analysis of data from 162,129 mothers and their children from 37 pregnancy and birth cohort studies from Europe, North America, and Australia. We assessed the individual and combined associations of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain, both in clinical categories and across their full ranges, with the risks of overweight/obesity in early (2.0-5.0 years), mid (5.0-10.0 years) and late childhood (10.0-18.0 years), using multilevel binary logistic regression models with a random intercept at cohort level adjusted for maternal sociodemographic and lifestyle-related characteristics. We observed that higher maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain both in clinical categories and across their full ranges were associated with higher risks of childhood overweight/obesity, with the strongest effects in late childhood (odds ratios [ORs] for overweight/obesity in early, mid, and late childhood, respectively: OR 1.66 [95% CI: 1.56, 1.78], OR 1.91 [95% CI: 1.85, 1.98], and OR 2.28 [95% CI: 2.08, 2.50] for maternal overweight; OR 2.43 [95% CI: 2.24, 2.64], OR 3.12 [95% CI: 2.98, 3.27], and OR 4.47 [95% CI: 3.99, 5.23] for maternal obesity; and OR 1.39 [95% CI: 1.30, 1.49], OR 1.55 [95% CI: 1.49, 1.60], and OR 1.72 [95% CI: 1.56, 1.91] for excessive gestational weight gain). The proportions of childhood overweight/obesity prevalence attributable to maternal overweight, maternal obesity, and excessive gestational weight gain ranged from 10.2% to 21.6%. Relative to the effect of maternal BMI, excessive gestational weight gain only slightly increased the risk of childhood overweight/obesity within each clinical BMI category (p-values for interactions of maternal BMI with gestational weight gain: p = 0.038, p < 0.001, and p = 0.637 in early, mid, and late childhood, respectively). Limitations of this study include the self-report of maternal BMI and gestational weight gain for some of the cohorts, and the potential of residual confounding. Also, as this study only included participants from Europe, North America, and Australia, results need to be interpreted with caution with respect to other populations. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, higher maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain were associated with an increased risk of childhood overweight/obesity, with the strongest effects at later ages. The additional effect of gestational weight gain in women who are overweight or obese before pregnancy is small. Given the large population impact, future intervention trials aiming to reduce the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity should focus on maternal weight status before pregnancy, in addition to weight gain during pregnancy.

Improved aerosol correction for OMI tropospheric NO2 retrieval over East Asia : Constraint from CALIOP aerosol vertical profile
Liu, Mengyao ; Lin, Jintai ; Folkert Boersma, K. ; Pinardi, Gaia ; Wang, Yang ; Chimot, Julien ; Wagner, Thomas ; Xie, Pinhua ; Eskes, Henk ; Roozendael, Michel Van; Hendrick, François ; Wang, Pucai ; Wang, Ting ; Yan, Yingying ; Chen, Lulu ; Ni, Ruijing - \ 2019
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 12 (2019)1. - ISSN 1867-1381 - p. 1 - 21.

Satellite retrieval of vertical column densities (VCDs) of tropospheric nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is critical for NOx pollution and impact evaluation. For regions with high aerosol loadings, the retrieval accuracy is greatly affected by whether aerosol optical effects are treated implicitly (as additional effective clouds) or explicitly, among other factors. Our previous POMINO algorithm explicitly accounts for aerosol effects to improve the retrieval, especially in polluted situations over China, by using aerosol information from GEOS-Chem simulations with further monthly constraints by MODIS/Aqua aerosol optical depth (AOD) data. Here we present a major algorithm update, POMINO v1.1, by constructing a monthly climatological dataset of aerosol extinction profiles, based on level 2 CALIOP/CALIPSO data over 2007-2015, to better constrain the modeled aerosol vertical profiles. We find that GEOS-Chem captures the month-to-month variation in CALIOP aerosol layer height (ALH) but with a systematic underestimate by about 300-600 m (season and location dependent), due to a too strong negative vertical gradient of extinction above 1 km. Correcting the model aerosol extinction profiles results in small changes in retrieved cloud fraction, increases in cloud-top pressure (within 2 %-6 % in most cases), and increases in tropospheric NO2 VCD by 4 %-16 % over China on a monthly basis in 2012. The improved NO2 VCDs (in POMINO v1.1) are more consistent with independent ground-based MAX-DOAS observations (R2=0.80, NMB =-3.4 %, for 162 pixels in 49 days) than POMINO (R2=0.80, NMB =-9.6 %), DOMINO v2 (R2=0.68, NMB =-2.1 %), and QA4ECV (R2=0.75, NMB =-22.0 %) are. Especially on haze days, R2 reaches 0.76 for POMINO v1.1, much higher than that for POMINO (0.68), DOMINO v2 (0.38), and QA4ECV (0.34). Furthermore, the increase in cloud pressure likely reveals a more realistic vertical relationship between cloud and aerosol layers, with aerosols situated above the clouds in certain months span id=page2 instead of always below the clouds. The POMINO v1.1 algorithm is a core step towards our next public release of the data product (POMINO v2), and it will also be applied to the recently launched S5P-TROPOMI sensor.

Next generation physiologically based kinetic (NG-PBK) models in support of regulatory decision making
Paini, A. ; Leonard, J.A. ; Joossens, E. ; Bessems, J.G.M. ; Desalegn, A. ; Dorne, J.L. ; Gosling, J.P. ; Heringa, M.B. ; Klaric, M. ; Kliment, T. ; Kramer, N.I. ; Loizou, G. ; Louisse, J. ; Lumen, A. ; Madden, J.C. ; Patterson, E.A. ; Proença, S. ; Punt, A. ; Setzer, R.W. ; Suciu, N. ; Troutman, J. ; Yoon, M. ; Worth, A. ; Tan, Y.M. - \ 2019
Computational Toxicology 9 (2019). - ISSN 2468-1113 - p. 61 - 72.
In silico - In vitro - PBPK - PBTK - Physiologically based kinetic models - Toxicokinetics

The fields of toxicology and chemical risk assessment seek to reduce, and eventually replace, the use of animals for the prediction of toxicity in humans. In this context, physiologically based kinetic (PBK) modelling based on in vitro and in silico kinetic data has the potential to a play significant role in reducing animal testing, by providing a methodology capable of incorporating in vitro human data to facilitate the development of in vitro to in vivo extrapolation of hazard information. In the present article, we discuss the challenges in: 1) applying PBK modelling to support regulatory decision making under the toxicology and risk-assessment paradigm shift towards animal replacement; 2) constructing PBK models without in vivo animal kinetic data, while relying solely on in vitro or in silico methods for model parameterization; and 3) assessing the validity and credibility of PBK models built largely using non-animal data. The strengths, uncertainties, and limitations of PBK models developed using in vitro or in silico data are discussed in an effort to establish a higher degree of confidence in the application of such models in a regulatory context. The article summarises the outcome of an expert workshop hosted by the European Commission Joint Research Centre (EC-JRC) – European Union Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing (EURL ECVAM), on “Physiologically-Based Kinetic modelling in risk assessment – reaching a whole new level in regulatory decision-making” held in Ispra, Italy, in November 2016, along with results from an international survey conducted in 2017 and recently reported activities occurring within the PBK modelling field. The discussions presented herein highlight the potential applications of next generation (NG)-PBK modelling, based on new data streams.

Strategies to stabilize supported Ni-nanoparticles in aqueous reaction mixtures
Bitter, Harry - \ 2018
Actual European forest management by region, tree species and owner based on 714,000 re-measured trees in national forest inventories
Schelhaas, Mart-Jan ; Fridman, Jonas ; Hengeveld, Geerten M. ; Henttonen, Helena M. ; Lehtonen, Aleksi ; Kies, Uwe ; Krajnc, Nike ; Lerink, Bas ; Ní Dhubháin, Áine ; Polley, Heino ; Pugh, Thomas A.M. ; Redmond, John J. ; Rohner, Brigitte ; Temperli, Cristian ; Vayreda, Jordi ; Nabuurs, Gert-Jan ; Hanewinkel, Marc - \ 2018
PLoS ONE 13 (2018)11. - ISSN 1932-6203
Background
European forests have a long record of management. However, the diversity of the current forest management across nations, tree species and owners, is hardly understood. Often when trying to simulate future forest resources under alternative futures, simply the yield table style of harvesting is applied. It is now crucially important to come to grips with actual forest management, now that demand for wood is increasing and the EU Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry Regulation has been adopted requiring ‘continuation of current management practices’ as a baseline to set the Forest Reference Level carbon sink.
Methods
Based on a large dataset of 714,000 re-measured trees in National Forest inventories from 13 regions, we are now able to analyse actual forest harvesting.
Conclusions
From this large set of repeated tree measurements we can conclude that there is no such thing as yield table harvesting in Europe. We found general trends of increasing harvest probability with higher productivity of the region and the species, but with important deviations related to local conditions like site accessibility, state of the forest resource (like age), specific subsidies, importance of other forest services, and ownership of the forest. As a result, we find a huge diversity in harvest regimes. Over the time period covered in our inventories, the average harvest probability over all regions was 2.4% yr-1 (in number of trees) and the mortality probability was 0.4% yr-1. Our study provides underlying and most actual data that can serve as a basis for quantifying ‘continuation of current forest management’. It can be used as a cornerstone for the base period as required for the Forest Reference Level for EU Member States.
Green and Black Tea Phenolics : Bioavailability, Transformation by Colonic Microbiota, and Modulation of Colonic Microbiota
Liu, Zhibin ; Bruins, Marieke Elisabeth ; Ni, Li ; Vincken, Jean Paul - \ 2018
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 66 (2018)32. - ISSN 0021-8561 - p. 8469 - 8477.
bioavailability - black tea phenolics - green tea catechins - gut microbiota - health benefits - microbial metabolism

Monomeric green tea catechin (GTC) and oligomeric, oxidized black tea phenolic (BTP) have shown promising health benefits, although GTC has been more extensively studied than BTP. We review the current knowledge on bioavailability, colonic transformation, and gut microbiota modulatory effects of GTC and BTP. As a result of their similar poor bioavailability in the small intestine and potentially similar metabolites upon colonic fermentation, it seems as if GTC and BTP have similar health effects, although it cannot be excluded that they have different gut microbiota modulatory effects and that BTP gives a poorer yield of bioactive phenolic metabolites upon colonic fermentation than GTC.

Insights in the epidemiology and diversity of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense, the causal agent of Panama disease in banana
Kema, G.H.J. ; Garcia Bastidas, F.A. ; Ordonez Roman, N.I. ; Salacinas, Maricar ; Seidl, M.F. ; Thomma, B.P.H.J. ; Meijer, H.J.G. - \ 2018
Gewasbescherming 48 (2018)4/5/6. - ISSN 0166-6495 - p. 123 - 123.
Inter-laboratory study for the certification of trace elements in seawater certified reference materials NASS-7 and CASS-6
Yang, Lu ; Nadeau, Kenny ; Meija, Juris ; Grinberg, Patricia ; Pagliano, Enea ; Ardini, Francisco ; Grotti, Marco ; Schlosser, Christian ; Streu, Peter ; Achterberg, Eric P. ; Sohrin, Yoshiki ; Minami, Tomoharu ; Zheng, Linjie ; Wu, Jingfeng ; Chen, Gedun ; Ellwood, Michael J. ; Turetta, Clara ; Aguilar-Islas, Ana ; Rember, Robert ; Sarthou, Géraldine ; Tonnard, Manon ; Planquette, Hélène ; Matoušek, Tomáš ; Crum, Steven ; Mester, Zoltán - \ 2018
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 410 (2018)18. - ISSN 1618-2642 - p. 4469 - 4479.
Certification of trace metals in seawater certified reference materials (CRMs) NASS-7 and CASS-6 is described. At the National Research Council Canada (NRC), column separation was performed to remove the seawater matrix prior to the determination of Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Mn, Mo, Ni, U, V, and Zn, whereas As was directly measured in 10-fold diluted seawater samples, and B was directly measured in 200-fold diluted seawater samples. High-resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HRICPMS) was used for elemental analyses, with double isotope dilution for the accurate determination of B, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Mo, Ni, U, and Zn in seawater NASS-7 and CASS-6, and standard addition calibration for As, Co, Mn, and V. In addition, all analytes were measured using standard addition calibration with triple quadrupole (QQQ)-ICPMS to provide a second set of data at NRC. Expert laboratories worldwide were invited to contribute data to the certification of trace metals inNASS-7 and CASS-6.
Various analytical methods were employed by participants including column separation, co-precipitation, and simple dilution coupled to ICPMS detection or flow injection analysis coupled to chemiluminescence detection, with use of double isotope dilution calibration, matrix matching external calibration, and standard addition calibration. Results presented in this study show that majority of laboratories have demonstrated their measurement capabilities for the accurate determination of trace metals in seawater. As a result of this comparison, certified/reference values and associated uncertainties were assigned for 14 elements in seawater CRMs NASS-7 and CASS-6, suitable for the validation of methods used for seawater analysis.
Spatial and risk factor analysis of bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) virus after the first-year compulsory phase of BVD eradication programme in Northern Ireland
Charoenlarp, W. ; Frankena, K. ; Strain, S.A.J. ; Guelbenzu-Gonzalo, M. ; Graham, J. ; Byrne, A.W. - \ 2018
Preventive Veterinary Medicine 157 (2018). - ISSN 0167-5877 - p. 34 - 43.
Bovine viral diarrhoea virus - Northern Ireland - Risk factors - Spatial analysis - Spatial autocorrelation - Spatial risk factors

Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) causes bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD), which is a contagious pathogen that can have a significant economic impact on cattle industries. In Northern Ireland (NI), the compulsory phase of a BVD eradication programme was implemented in 2016. The aim of this retrospective population based study was to utilize herd-level data after the first year of the compulsory phase (March 2016–March 2017) to determine the spatial distribution and variation of BVDV, to identify clusters of infection, and to quantify some risk factors associated with BVD in NI. Global spatial clustering (autocorrelation) and local spatial hot-spot analyses were used to specify the clustering areas (hot- and cold-spot). A suite of multivariable logistic analyses was performed to estimate the associations of spatial and non-spatial factors (relating to herd characteristics) with the risk of being a BVDV positive herd. Final models were compared by evaluating the model fit and the ability to account for spatial autocorrelation in the study area. There were 17,186 herds included in the analysis. The herd-level prevalence of BVDV was 11.31%. Significant spatial clustering of BVDV positive herds was presented in the central region of NI. A mixed effects logistic model, with a spatial random effect term, was considered the best model. The final model showed that a positive BVDV status during the voluntary phase prior to the compulsory phase started (OR = 2.25; CI 95% = 1.85–2.73), larger herd size (OR = 6.19; CI 95% = 5.22–7.34 for herd size > 100 animals) and a larger number of positive nearest neighbours within 4 km radius (OR = 1.24; CI 95% = 1.05–1.47 for 8–9 neighbours and OR = 1.41; CI 95% = 1.20–1.65 for 10–12 neighbours) were significantly related to the risk of a herd being tested positive for BVDV. The clear spatial pattern from the local spatial clustering analyses could be used for targeted surveillance and control measures by focusing on the central region of NI.

Multi-element analysis of single nanoparticles by ICP-MS using quadrupole and time-of-flight technologies
Naasz, Steffi ; Weigel, Stefan ; Borovinskaya, Olga ; Serva, Andrius ; Cascio, Claudia ; Undas, Anna K. ; Simeone, Felice C. ; Marvin, Hans J.P. ; Peters, Ruud J.B. - \ 2018
Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry 33 (2018)5. - ISSN 0267-9477 - p. 835 - 845.
Determining composition, shape, and size of nanoparticles dispersed in a complex matrix is necessary in the assessment of toxicity, for regulatory actions, and environmental monitoring. Many types of nanoparticles that are currently used in consumer products contain more than one metal which are often not uniformly distributed (e.g., core-shell nanoparticles). This compositional and structural complexity makes their characterization difficult. In this study, we investigate the capability of single particle inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (spICP-MS) using time-of-flight (TOF) and quadrupole (Q) mass analyzers to determine the composition, size distribution, and concentration of a series of nanoparticles that are used in a variety of industrial applications: BiVO4, (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 and steel (which contains Fe, Cr, Ni, Mo) nanoparticles. In addition, we tested both types of mass analyzers with Au-core/Ag-shell nanoparticles, which are well-characterized and have already been used for assessment of multi-element capabilities of spICP-MS. The results confirm that both types of mass analyzers produce accurate estimations of the size of Au-core/Ag-shell particles. For other multi-element nanoparticles, spICP-MS provided the size of aggregates and/or agglomerates in the prepared suspensions. In general, particle size detection limits (dLOD) of spICP-TOFMS instruments with values of 29 nm for Ti, 14 nm for Mo, and 7 nm for Au, are smaller than those obtained for the quadrupole instruments. This study finds that only spICP-TOFMS can accurately assess the elemental composition of nano-steel particles. By contrast, spICP-QMS is limited to the detection of 2 elements in an individual particle and the elemental composition of nano-steel particles is less accurate. In general, spICP-TOFMS was able to quantify multiple elements with high precision and that currently makes it the first choice for multi-element detection of unknown nanoparticles.
Leaching and degradation kinetics of glucosinolates during boiling of Brassica oleracea vegetables and the formation of their breakdown products
Hanschen, Franziska S. ; Kühn, Carla ; Nickel, Marie ; Rohn, Sascha ; Dekker, Matthijs - \ 2018
Food Chemistry 263 (2018). - ISSN 0308-8146 - p. 240 - 250.
Brassica - Epithionitriles - Epithiospecifier protein - Glucosinolates - Isothiocyanates - Modeling - Nitriles - Processing
Domestic processing methods, such as boiling, significantly affect the glucosinolate content and the formation of breakdown products in Brassica vegetables. Here, we comprehensively describe the effect of aqueous heat treatment on the degradation and leaching kinetics of glucosinolates on the formation of their enzymatic and non-enzymatic hydrolysis and breakdown products. The results were correlated with the inactivation kinetics of myrosinase and epithiospecifier protein activity in the Brassica oleracea vegetables kohlrabi, white cabbage, and red cabbage. Short-term heating increased isothiocyanate formation due to inactivation of the epithiospecifier protein. Myrosinase was inactivated shortly after that. Boiling led to leaching of glucosinolates and their hydrolysis products into the boiling water. Heating to 99 °C resulted in thermally-induced glucosinolate breakdown and nitrile formation, both in vegetables and boiling water. Finally, kinetic modeling not only revealed differences in myrosinase inactivation among the vegetables, but also glucosinolate leaching and degradation kinetics differed between individual glucosinolates and vegetables.
Evaluation of a single extraction test to estimate the human oral bioaccessibility of potentially toxic elements in soils : Towards more robust risk assessment
Rodrigues, S.M. ; Cruz, N. ; Carvalho, L. ; Duarte, A.C. ; Pereira, E. ; Boim, A.G.F. ; Alleoni, L.R.F. ; Römkens, P.F.A.M. - \ 2018
Science of the Total Environment 635 (2018). - ISSN 0048-9697 - p. 188 - 202.
ISO-17586:2016 - Oral bioaccessibility - Potentially toxic elements - Risk assessment - SBET - UBM
Intake of soil by children and adults is a major exposure pathway to contaminants including potentially toxic elements (PTEs). However, only the fraction of PTEs released in stomach and intestine are considered as bioaccessible and results from routine analyses of the total PTE content in soils, therefore, are not necessarily related to the degree of bioaccessibility. Experimental methods to determine bioaccessibility usually are time-consuming and relatively complicated in terms of analytical procedures which limits application in first tier assessments. In this study we evaluated the potential suitability of a recently developed single extract method (ISO-17586:2016) using dilute (0.43 M) nitric acid (HNO3) to mimic the bioaccessible fraction of PTEs in soils. Results from 204 soils from Portugal, Brazil and the Netherlands including all major soil types and a wide range of PTEs' concentrations showed that the extraction efficiency using 0.43 M HNO3 of Ba, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn in soils is related to that of in vitro methods including the Simple Bioaccessibility Extraction Test (SBET) and Unified BARGE Method (UBM). Also, differences in the degree of bioaccessibility resulting from differences in parent material, geology and climate conditions did not affect the response of the 0.43 M HNO3 extraction which is a prerequisite to be able to compare results from different soils. The use of 0.43 M HNO3 as a first screening of bioaccessibility therefore offers a robust and representative way to be included in first tier standard soil tests to estimate the oral bioaccessibility. Capsule: The single dilute (0.43 M) nitric acid extraction can be used in first tier soil risk assessment to assess both geochemical reactivity and oral bioaccessibility of PTEs.
Celebrating the 100th anniversary of Wageningen University: Illustrating science
Webbink, J.F. ; Fest, P.M.J. ; Ní Fhlaithearta, Shauna ; Nijssen, J.M.A. ; Holmer, G.J. - \ 2018
Wageningen : OpenScience blog Wageningen University & Research
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