Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Understanding social innovation for the well-being of forest-dependent communities : A preliminary theoretical framework
    Kluvánková, Tatiana ; Brnkaľáková, Stanislava ; Špaček, Martin ; Slee, Bill ; Nijnik, Maria ; Valero, Diana ; Miller, David ; Bryce, Rosalind ; Kozová, Mária ; Polman, Nico ; Szabo, Tomáš ; Gežík, Veronika - \ 2018
    Forest Policy and Economics 97 (2018). - ISSN 1389-9341 - p. 163 - 174.
    Forest-dependent community - SIMRA transdisciplinary framework - Social innovation - Social innovation factors
    Transdisciplinary understanding of SI in MRAs
    Kluvankova, Tatiana ; Gežik, Veronika ; Špaček, Martin ; Brnkalakova, Stanislava ; Slee, Bill ; Polman, N.B.P. ; Valero, Diana ; Bryce, Rosalind ; Alkhaled, Sophie ; Secco, Laura ; Burlando, Catie ; Kozova, Maria ; Miller, David ; Nijnik, Maria ; Perlik, Manfred ; Pisani, Elena ; Price, Martin ; Sarkki, Simo ; Weiss, Gerhard - \ 2017
    SIMRA - 53 p.
    Set of Methods to Assess SI Implications at Different Levels
    Secco, Laura ; Pisani, Elena ; Burlando, Catie ; Re, Riccardo Da; Gatto, Paola ; Pettenella, Davide ; Vassilopoulos, Achilleas ; Akinsete, Ebun ; Koundouri, Phoebe ; Lopolito, Antonio ; Prosperi, Maurizio ; Tuomasiukka, Diana ; Herde, Micheal Den; Lovric, Marko ; Polman, N.B.P. ; Dijkshoorn-Dekker, M.W.C. ; Soma, K. ; Ludvig, Alice ; Weiss, Gerhard ; Zivojinovic, Ivana ; Sarkki, Simo ; Ravazzoli, Elisa ; Torre, Cristina Dalla; Streifeneder, Thomas ; Slee, Bill ; Nijnik, Maria ; Miller, David ; Barlagne, Carla ; Prokofieva, Irina - \ 2017
    SIMRA - 203 p.
    Classification of Social Innovations for Marginalized Rural Areas
    Polman, N.B.P. ; Slee, Bill ; Kluvankova, Tatiana ; Dijkshoorn-Dekker, M.W.C. ; Nijnik, M. ; Gežik, Veronika ; Soma, K. - \ 2017
    SIMRA - 32 p.
    Climate change adaptation planning in agriculture: processes, experiences and lessons learned from early adapters
    Bizikova, L. ; Crawford, E. ; Nijnik, M. ; Swart, R.J. - \ 2014
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 19 (2014)4. - ISSN 1381-2386 - p. 411 - 430.
    sustainable adaptation - policy responses - level - vulnerability - states
    This paper explores the lessons learned by leaders in agricultural adaptation planning in order to assist other jurisdictions to develop adaptation strategies. It seeks to identify effective institutional, participatory and collaborative processes involved in designing agricultural adaptation strategies at the national and sub-national levels in Germany, Finland, the United Kingdom, the United States and Canada. Its methodology is based on review of agricultural adaptation policy documents, research initiatives, stakeholder engagement processes, and cross-sectoral collaborations as well as interviews with key informants such as leaders and actors in adaptation planning. The gathered data show that early adapters have an improved regional and national understanding of climatic impacts, and of the risks to agriculture before the initiation of the planning process. The results indicate that the interplay between bottom-up and top-down initiatives has been crucial in the development of adaptation strategies. The former has provided rich and robust participation in designing, implementing and monitoring adaptations, while the latter was important for prioritizing and legitimizing the development of strategy. It also provided access to high-level decision makers and funding. The results of the study suggest that fostering cross-sectoral collaborations—especially by focusing on broader questions such as the role of agriculture in society—has become an important part of adaptation planning. Finally, our results also stress that adaptation planning in agriculture could be enhanced by skills development and mutual learning across stakeholder groups, research and policy-makers, and through the ongoing interactive development of institutional capabilities.
    Afforestation for the Provision of Multiple Ecosystem Services: A Ukrainian Case Study
    Nijnik, M. ; Oskam, A.J. ; Nijnik, A. - \ 2012
    International Journal of Forestry Research 2012 (2012). - ISSN 1687-9368 - 12 p.
    This paper presents an economic analysis of the planting of trees on marginal lands in Ukraine for timber production, erosion prevention, and climate mitigation. A methodology combining econometric analysis, simulation modelling, and linear programming to analyse the costs and benefits of such afforestation has been adopted. The research reveals that, at discount rates lower than 2%, establishment of new forests is economically justified in the majority of forestry zones. Incorporating the effects of afforestation on mitigating climate change increases social benefits. However, the results indicate that whilst soil protection benefits to agriculture from afforestation in the Steppe are expected to be high, carbon sequestration and timber production activities in the Steppe are cost inefficient due to low rates of tree growth and relatively high opportunity costs of land. The opportunity costs of land are also high in the Polissja where afforestation is cost inefficient at 2% and higher discount rates
    Afforestation for multiple purposes: a focus on Ukraine
    Nijnik, M. ; Oskam, A.J. ; Nijnik, A. - \ 2009
    In: Ecological economics and sustainable forest management: developing a transdisciplinary approach for the Carpathian Mountains / Soloviy, I.P., Keeton, W.S., Lviv, Ukraine : Ukranian National Forestry University Press - ISBN 9789663971094 - p. 163 - 180.
    Forestry in the Ukraine: the road ahead? reply
    Nijnik, M. ; Kooten, G.C. van - \ 2006
    Forest Policy and Economics 8 (2006)1. - ISSN 1389-9341 - p. 6 - 9.
    Governance in Ukrainian forestry: trends, impacts and remedies
    Nijnik, M. ; Oskam, A.J. - \ 2004
    International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology 3 (2004)1/2. - ISSN 1462-4605 - p. 116 - 133.
    In this paper, we address governance by analysing the relevant institutions and investigating their impact on economic and environmental performance in Ukrainian forestry. The research questions are: how does the transition to a market economy affect the forest institutions and what are the trends, impacts and remedies for promoting sustainable forestry? The combination of past exploitation of forest resources with the slow pace of economic and political reform is a major obstacle to implementing sustainable forestry policy decisions. The way towards sustainability goes through changing institutions. The human dimension of institutional change investigated in this paper plays an important role in the process of transition. Given the right forest policies and appropriate economic incentives, it may still be possible for the country to improve its future timber supply whilst enjoying environmental benefits from the forests. The paper draws on the state of affairs in forestry-in-transition, examining failures and new incentives in economic and institutional reform.
    To sustainability in forestry: the Ukraine's case
    Nijnik, M. - \ 2002
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): A.J. Oskam; G.C. van Kooten. - S.l. : S.n. - ISBN 9789058086860 - 156
    bosbouwontwikkeling - bosbeleid - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - bebossing - structurele verandering - bosbedrijfsvoering - oekraïne - economische verandering - forestry development - forest policy - sustainability - afforestation - structural change - forest management - ukraine - economic change

    Keywords: forestry; sustainable development; economy-in-transition; the Ukraine; institutions; multi-functional forest use; timber rotation; afforestation programme; soil erosion; climate change; carbon sequestration; cost-benefit analysis; forest policy measures and instruments.

    The general idea of the study is to address the current process of establishing new economic relations in forestry-in-transition and assess opportunities for its sustainable development. The scientific value of the thesis derives from the elaboration of multidisciplinary knowledge and the enhancement of practical applicability in a transitional economy of the concept of sustainable forestry development. Taking as an example the forest sector of the Ukraine, the study draws on the state of affairs in forestry that is developing under changing economic conditions, examining failures and new incentives in economic and institutional reforms. The central objective of the study is to determine the appropriate forest policies and economic incentives to improve future output from Ukrainian forestry, while making the sector economically efficient, socially acceptable and environmentally friendly.

    The way of the forest sector towards sustainable development is explored by analysing the following sustainability criteria: economics of forest use; forests' contribution to soil protection and carbon sequestration; the institutional framework in forestry and the necessity of its transformation in line with the requirements of the transition economy. The major research questions are: how does the transition to a market economy affect the Ukraine's forestry and what are the opportunities for its sustainable development?

    The study provides insights into sustainable forestry development at national and regional levels. Given that the Ukraine is a sparsely wooded country and considering the economic, social and environmental role of forests, the programme of afforestation as a long-term strategy for sustainability is elaborated. The implementation of the programme could enhance economic and soil protective forest functions. The study also reveals how the expansion of forest cover in the Ukraine enables to moderate carbon emissions and what forests' contribution to climate change mitigation could be. Afforestation is seen as a key sustainable forest policy measure if the country receives credits when trees are planted for carbon sequestration, since the currency obtained from such a trade can be used for developing the forest sector, taking into account all other criteria of sustainability.

    The research incorporates knowledge from social sciences, forestry and environmental sciences. It follows the semi-qualitative route and applies quantitative models where they are available and relevant. The study employs regression analysis; cluster and factor analysis; simulation and optimisation modelling; and cost-benefit analysis. Special attention in the study is being given to the implementation mechanism and to managerial aspects of the Ukrainian forestry's development towards sustainability.

    Dealing with uncertainties and time preference in cost-benefit analysis of planting trees to mitigate climate change
    Nijnik, M. - \ 2002
    In: Proceedings : Risk and uncertainty in environmental and resource economics, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 5-7 June 2002 / van Ierland, E.C., Weikard, H.P., Wesseler, J., Wageningen : Env. Economics and Natural Resources Group - p. 1 - 10.
    Agriculture in Ukraine : trends and impacts of transitions
    Nijnik, M. - \ 2002
    In: Institutional Change in Agriculture and Natural Resources: Conference Proceedings of Sustainable agriculture in Central and Eastern European countries: the environmental effects of transition and needs for change, Nitra, 2001 Aachen : Shaker Verlag GmbH - p. 357 - 362.
    Mitigating climate change via afforestation in Ukraine
    Nijnik, M. - \ 2002
    In: Forestry in transition: Redefining the role of forestry sector in Ukraine / Essman, H., Pettenella, D., Padova : Padova-Frieberg-Lviv Universities - p. 160 - 175.
    Managing sustainability in Ukrainian forestry
    Nijnik, M. - \ 2002
    In: Forestry in transition: Redefining the role of forestry sector in Ukraine / Essman, H., Pettenella, D., Padova : Padova-Frieberg-Lviv Universities - p. 25 - 45.
    Economic considerations of sustainable forest management
    Nijnik, M. - \ 2001
    In: Conference Proceedings : The science and culture of industrial ecology, Leiden, 2001 St. Louis : ISNIE - p. 94 - 94.
    Afforestation strategy to mitigate climate change
    Nijnik, M. - \ 2001
    In: Conference proceedings : Challenges of a changing earth, Amsterdam, 2001 Amsterdam : Congrex Holland BV - p. 236 - 236.
    Implementing sustainability in Ukraine's forestry
    Nijnik, M. ; Kooten, G.C. van - \ 2000
    In: Proceedings : XXI IUFRO World Congress, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, August - p. 550 - 550.
    Forestry in the Ukraine : The road ahead?
    Nijnik, M. ; Kooten, G.C. van - \ 2000
    Forest Policy and Economics 1 (2000)2. - ISSN 1389-9341 - p. 139 - 151.
    The economy of the Ukraine is in transition from a communist command-and-control to a capitalist system. In this paper, we describe the current state of its forest resources, the structure of its forestry and wood processing sectors, and the problems facing policy makers. While the forest sector should be, and still has the potential to become, an engine for economic growth, the combination of past exploitation and the slow pace of economic reform are major obstacles to implementing rational forest policies. Given the right economic incentives and appropriate forest policies, it may still be possible for the Ukraine to improve its future timber supply while enjoying environmental benefits from its forests. However, this requires economic and institutional reforms beyond the forest sector.
    Contribution to carbon cycle and climate stability via expansion of azonal boreal forests in the Ukrainian Carpathians
    Nijnik, M. - \ 2000
    In: Abstracts: The role of boreal forests and forestry in the global carbon budget, Edmonton, Canada, 2000 / Apps, M.J., Marsden, J., Edmonton, Canada : Canadian Forest Service and Nat. Res. Canada - p. 58 - 58.
    Towards sustainable development of the Carpathian Euro-region
    Nijnik, M. - \ 2000
    In: Transitions towards a sustainable Europe. Ecology-Economy-Policy : 3rd biennial conference of the European society for ecological economics, Vienna, 2000 Vienna : Vienna Univ. of Economics and Business Admin. - p. 48 - 49.
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