Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Forest decision support systems for the analysis of ecosystem services provisioning at the landscape scale under global climate and market change scenarios
Nordström, Eva-Maria ; Nieuwenhuis, Maarten ; Başkent, Emin Zeki ; Biber, Peter ; Black, Kevin ; Borges, Jose G. ; Bugalho, Miguel N. ; Corradini, Giulia ; Corrigan, Edwin ; Eriksson, Ljusk Ola ; Felton, Adam ; Forsell, Nicklas ; Hengeveld, Geerten ; Hoogstra-Klein, Marjanke ; Korosuo, Anu ; Lindbladh, Matts ; Lodin, Isak ; Lundholm, Anders ; Marto, Marco ; Masiero, Mauro ; Mozgeris, Gintautas ; Pettenella, Davide ; Poschenrieder, Werner ; Sedmak, Robert ; Tucek, Jan ; Zoccatelli, Davide - \ 2019
European Journal of Forest Research 138 (2019)4. - ISSN 1612-4669 - p. 561 - 581.
Sustainable forest management is driving the development of forest decision support systems (DSSs) to include models and methods concerned with climate change, biodiversity and various ecosystem services (ESs). The future development of forest landscapes is very much dependent on how forest owners act and what goes on in the wider world; thus, models are needed that incorporate these aspects. The objective of this study is to assess how nine European state-of-the-art forest DSSs cope with these issues. The assessment focuses on the ability of these DSSs to generate landscape-level scenarios to explore the output of current and alternative forest management models (FMMs) in terms of a range of ESs and the robustness of these FMMs in the face of increased risks and uncertainty. Results show that all DSSs assessed in this study can be used to quantify the impacts of both stand- and landscape-level FMMs on the provision of a range of ESs over a typical planning horizon. DSSs can be used to assess how timber price trends may impact that provision over time. The inclusion of forest owner behavior as reflected by the adoption of specific FMMs seems to be also in the reach of all DSSs. Nevertheless, some DSSs need more data and development of models to estimate the impacts of climate change on biomass production and other ESs. Spatial analysis functionality needs to be further developed for a more accurate assessment of the landscape-level output of ESs from both current and alternative FMMs.
Genome expansion of Arabis alpina linked with retrotransposition and reduced symmetric DNA methylation
Willing, Eva Maria ; Rawat, Vimal ; Mandáková, Terezie ; Maumus, Florian ; James, Geo Velikkakam ; Nordström, Karl J.V. ; Becker, Claude ; Warthmann, Norman ; Chica, Claudia ; Szarzynska, Bogna ; Zytnicki, Matthias ; Albani, Maria C. ; Kiefer, Christiane ; Bergonzi, Sara ; Castaings, Loren ; Mateos, Julieta L. ; Berns, Markus C. ; Bujdoso, Nora ; Piofczyk, Thomas ; Lorenzo, Laura De; Barrero-Sicilia, Cristina ; Mateos, Isabel ; Piednoël, Mathieu ; Hagmann, Jörg ; Chen-Min-Tao, Romy ; Iglesias-Fernández, Raquel ; Schuster, Stephan C. ; Alonso-Blanco, Carlos ; Roudier, François ; Carbonero, Pilar ; Paz-Ares, Javier ; Davis, Seth J. ; Pecinka, Ales ; Quesneville, Hadi ; Colot, Vincent ; Lysak, Martin A. ; Weigel, Detlef ; Coupland, George ; Schneeberger, Korbinian - \ 2015
Nature Plants 1 (2015). - ISSN 2055-026X - 7 p.
Despite evolutionary conserved mechanisms to silence transposable element activity, there are drastic differences in the abundance of transposable elements even among closely related plant species. We conducted a de novo assembly for the 375 .Mb genome of the perennial model plant, Arabis alpina. Analysing this genome revealed long-lasting and recent transposable element activity predominately driven by Gypsy long terminal repeat retrotransposons, which extended the low-recombining pericentromeres and transformed large formerly euchromatic regions into repeat-rich pericentromeric regions. This reduced capacity for long terminal repeat retrotransposon silencing and removal in A. alpina co-occurs with unexpectedly low levels of DNA methylation. Most remarkably, the striking reduction of symmetrical CG and CHG methylation suggests weakened DNA methylation maintenance in A. alpina compared with Arabidopsis thaliana. Phylogenetic analyses indicate a highly dynamic evolution of some components of methylation maintenance machinery that might be related to the unique methylation in A. alpina.
Consumers on the Internet: ethical and legal aspects of commercialization of personalized nutrition
Ahlgren, J. ; Nordgren, A. ; Perrudin, M. ; Ronteltap, A. ; Savigny, J. ; Trijp, J.C.M. van; Nordström, K. ; Görman, U. - \ 2013
Genes & Nutrition 8 (2013)4. - ISSN 1555-8932 - p. 349 - 355.
nutrigenomics - acceptance
Consumers often have a positive attitude to the option of receiving personalized nutrition advice based upon genetic testing, since the prospect of enhancing or maintaining one’s health can be perceived as empowering. Current direct-to-consumer services over the Internet, however, suffer from a questionable level of truthfulness and consumer protection, in addition to an imbalance between far-reaching promises and contrasting disclaimers. Psychological and behavioral studies indicate that consumer acceptance of a new technology is primarily explained by the end user’s rational and emotional interpretation as well as moral beliefs. Results from such studies indicate that personalized nutrition must create true value for the consumer. Also, the freedom to choose is crucial for consumer acceptance. From an ethical point of view, consumer protection is crucial, and caution must be exercised when putting nutrigenomic-based tests and advice services on the market. Current Internet offerings appear to reveal a need to further guaranty legal certainty by ensuring privacy, consumer protection and safety. Personalized nutrition services are on the borderline between nutrition and medicine. Current regulation of this area is incomplete and undergoing development. This situation entails the necessity for carefully assessing and developing existing rules that safeguard fundamental rights and data protection while taking into account the sensitivity of data, the risks posed by each step in their processing, and sufficient guarantees for consumers against potential misuse
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